Swot Analysis of Biogas Industry by ayd13567

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									           TECHNICAL ASSOCIATION
           OF THE EUROPEAN NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY




            European Gas Industry
Pro-active attitude concerning pipelines safety

                 Daniel Hec, Secretary General
                     daniel.hec@marcogaz.org

                  The Hague - 8th /9th March 2006
1. Who is MARCOGAZ?


    The Technical Association of the Natural Gas Industry in
     Europe

    Founded for technical harmonization purpose

    Recognized representative Gas Industry Organisation at
     EU level for all technical issues

    Close contacts with many European and International
     Industry organisations: AEGPL, CONCAWE, FACOGAZ,
     FAREGAZ, EHI, GCI-UICP, GIE, IPLOCA, OGP,….

    Cooperate with Eurogas (commercial aspects), GERG
     (R&D) and GIE (infrastructure management)

    Associated member of EASEE-gas and IGU

    Liaison with many CEN Technical Committees



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2. Mission and Objectives



  MISSION
  to be the European voice concerning any technical issue of
   interest for the Gas Industry in Europe

  MAIN OBJECTIVES
  to promote safety, reliability, cost effectiveness,
   environmental advantages of natural gas systems
  to identify, monitor and take action on technical legislation at
   EU level
  to represent the European Natural Gas Industry in
   standardisation activities conducted by CEN, ISO, OIML and
   others
  to identify appropriate levels of competence for a safe and
   effective operation of gas systems
  to study any technical subject of interest for its Members


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3. MARCOGAZ Members




          National Technical Gas Associations or Gas
          companies (transmission and distribution network
          operators)

          16 Countries represented
               Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
               France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland,
               Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Slovak Republic,
               Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom




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4. MARCOGAZ Member Countries




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5. MARCOGAZ organization

                                                              MARCOGAZ GENERAL
                                                                  ASSEMBLY                              K. Homann, RWE Transportnetz Gas,
                                                                                                                    President

                                                                                                       L. Scopesi, CIG, Vice-President
                                                                 Executive Board



                                   General secretariat



         Standing Committee                                     Standing Committee                                     *Joint Group Environnent,
          « Gas Utilization »                                  « Gas Infrastructure »                                      Health and Safety
 J-P. Beringuier, GdF, F                                 T. Jannemann, DVGW, D                                        L. Scopesi, CIG, I

                                  WG Energy Efficiency                                  WG Energy measurement                                          WG Health&Safety



                                    **WG Gas Quality                                         WG Gas Meters                                           WG Methane emissions



                                    WG Gas Installers                                          WG PE pipes                                           WG Life Cycle Analysis



                                WG Industrial Installations                             WG Transmission Pipelines                                         WG SWOT



                                     **WG BIOGAS                                             WG Distribution
                                                                                                                                                   *with Eurogas

                                                                                                                                                   **common with SCGI
                                                                                              ***WG ETPS

                                                                                                                                                   ***common with SCGU

                                                                                        WG Third Party Interference


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6. European Gas Grids:
   a very complex system




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7. European Gas Pipeline System
   main figures




  Transmission network length                                                         205,842 km
  Compression plants                                                                      145
  City gates                                                                            22,381
  Cross border points                                                                      98
  LNG terminals                                                                     11 in operation
  Underground storages                                                                    100
  Distribution network length                                                        1,389,925 km
  Service lines                                                                       53,922,454
  Customers                                                                           89,470,685



      (Source MARCOGAZ Members – 16 EU Countries – 2004)


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8. Market Liberalization:
European regulatory framework



    Directive 98/30/CE (22/6/98) (1st Gas directive)


    Directive 2003/55/CE (26/6/03) (2nd Gas directive)
        Market liberalization (full opening in 2007)

            Regulatory third party access

            Legal unbundling of transmission and
             distribution network operators from
             commercial activities

            Designation of National Regulatory
             Authorities



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9. The new context of Directive
   2003/55/EC
   Technical Requirements

   Scope:       Common rules for transmission, distribution,
                supply and storage
   Article 5:       Security of supply
                     Quality and level of maintenance
                     Technical emergency response
   Article 6:       Technical Rules for interoperability
                     Technical safety criteria
                     Minimum technical design and operational
                      requirements
   Article 8.1.a) and 12.1:
   Each transmission and distribution operator shall
   operate, maintain and develop under economic
   conditions secure, reliable and efficient systems

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10. Typical Pipeline Safety
    Regulation


                  Directive 2003/55/EC (Gas market)




       National implementation + National Safety regulations




                         Technical rules/EN standards




          Detailed specifications/Company Codes of practice



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11. Gas Industry Involvement:
      self regulation



   Since >40 years development of quality cost effective
    specifications and standards
   R&D efforts led to many technical improvements: high
    resistance steels (x80, x100), polyethylene pipes
    systems for distribution…….
   1990: creation of CEN TC234 « Gas Infrastructure »
    (secretariat DVGW - Germany)
   Concept of functional standard for design
    construction, operation and maintenance of gas
    systems
   CEN TC234 standards cover the entire on shore gas
    chain
   1996: MARCOGAZ introduced the PIMS (Pipeline
    Integrity Management System)


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12. Functional EN standards
    available (example)




   EN 1594: Pipelines for MOP >16 bar (transmission)

   EN 12007 part 1 to 5: Pipelines for MOP <16 bar
    (distribution)

   EN 1775: Gas pipe work for buildings (internal
    installation)

   EN 1988 part 1 to 4: Underground gas storages

   EN 12186: Gas pressure regulating stations for
    transmission and distribution

   EN 12583: Compressor stations



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13. EN 1594




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14. PIMS: an initiative of the
          Gas Industry (1)




   Safety Management System related to Pipeline Integrity


   To be elaborated by each Pipeline System Operator to
    demonstrate that hazards are fully controlled
   Key elements:
     - use of high technological standards for design and
       construction
     - define pro-active measures for ensuring fit for
       purpose
     - lay down efficient emergency procedures
     - organize incident investigation
     - define role, missions of personnel, training



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15. PIMS: an initiative of the
          Gas Industry (2)


     - MARCOGAZ Guideline on the definition of
       Performance Indicators for Safety Management
       Systems revised in 2005

     - 2 CEN Technical Specifications in force

               CEN/TS 15173 « Frame of Reference regarding
               Pipeline Integrity Management Systems »
               CEN/TS 15174 « Guideline for Safety Management
               Systems for natural gas transmission pipelines »

       and another one under approval
               « Guideline for Management System for Gas
               Distribution Systems »


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16. A very good safety record



 EGIG (European Gas Pipeline Incident Group) created
 in 1982 - 12 major pipeline operators:

 to provide a valuable gas and reliable source of
 information

 analysis of data from 1970 to 2004 shows:

     1. a very good safety level compared with other
        means of transportation
        (1970: 0,88 incident/1000km     2004: 0,19
        incident/1000km)

     2. third party damage is the main threat to
        pipelines (Ghislenghien 2004)
        MARCOGAZ is preparing recommendations on
        this issue
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                                                                                                                Frequency per 1000 km·yr




                                                                                                            0
                                                                                                                0,1
                                                                                                                      0,2
                                                                                                                            0,3
                                                                                                                                  0,4
                                                                                                                                        0,5
                                                                                                                                              0,6
                                                                                                                                                    0,7
                                                                                                                                                          0,8
                                                                                                                                                                0,9
                                                                                                                                                                      1




8-9/03/06
                                                                                                     1970
                                                                                                     1971
                                                                                                     1972
                                                                                                     1973
                                                                                                     1974
                                                                                                     1975
                                                                                                     1976
                                                                                                     1977
                                                                                                     1978
                                                                                                     1979
                                                                                                                                                                          17. EGIG Statistics




                                                                                                     1980
                                                                                                     1981
                                                                                                     1982
                                                                                                     1983
                                                                                                     1984




                                                                          Entire period
                                                                                                     1985
                                                                                                     1986
                                                                                                     1987
                                                                                                     1988

                                                                                          Year [-]
                                                                                                     1989
                                                                                                     1990
                                                                                                     1991

                                                                          Last 5 years
                                                                                                     1992
                                                                                                     1993
                                                                                                     1994
                                                                                                     1995
                                                                                                     1996
European Gas Industry – pro-active attitude concerning pipelines safety                              1997
                                                                                                     1998
                                                                                                     1999
                                                                                                     2000
                                                                                                     2001
                                                                                                     2002
                                                                                                     2003
                                                                                                     2004
18
18. R&D Efforts



  R&D on European & Global scale generates knowledge
  and offers a forum to exchange experience and
  information to:
          cope with all threats in a pro-active way

  European Pipeline Research Group (EPRG)                                                   www.eprg.de

  Members: all major Gas Companies & steel and line pipes manufacturers

  Pipeline Research Council International, Inc. (PRCI)
  www.prci.com

  Members: Pipeline Companies world wide

  Groupe Européen de Recherches Gazieres (GERG)
  www.gerg.info

  Members: European Gas Companies



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19. Conclusion



    A reliable and safe gas supply is essential to modern
     societies

    The Gas Industry has always been pro-active
     concerning safety issues by:
     - producing and using high level safety standards
     - developing appropriate Management Systems
     - promoting and financing improvement through R&D

    The result is that pipeline is by far the safest way to
     transport energy

    The main threat to pipelines is third party damage:
     actions shall be carried out with all interested parties
     to reduce this risk


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20. End of presentation




                   Thank you for your attention!




                E-mail to: marcogaz@marcogaz.org
                   Website: www.marcogaz.org




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