Taipei

Document Sample
Taipei Powered By Docstoc
					From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Taipei

Taipei
Taipei City ???

Satellite image of Taipei City

Coordinates: 25°2′N 121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633 State Region City seat Government - Type - Mayor Area - City - Water - Urban Republic of China Northern Taiwan Xinyi District Taipei City Government Hau Lung-bin (KMT) 271.7997 km2 (104.9 sq mi) 2.7 km2 (1.0 sq mi) 1.0% 2,457 km2 (948.7 sq mi)

Taipei City

Population (March 2009) 2,619,920 - City 9,639.16/km2 (24,975/sq mi) - Density 6,752,826 - Urban 10,072,918 - Metro
Population Ranked 2 of 25 Seal

Flag

Time zone Postal code Area code(s) ISO 3166-2

CST (UTC+8) 100 – 116 (0)2 TW-TPE

Nickname(s): the City of Azaleas

The city has 12 districts. The metropolitan area of Taipei includes Taipei City, Taipei County, Keelung City, Taoyuan County, Hsinchu City, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County. City flower: Azalea (Rhododendron nudiflorum) City tree: Banyan (India laurel fig, Ficus microcarpa) City bird: Formosan Blue Magpie (Urocissa caerulea)

Website Taipei City

taipei.gov.tw (English)

Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese:

??? or ??? ???

1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Taipei has been the de facto capital of the Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, since the Chinese Civil War in 1949, and the capital of Taiwan since Japanese rule that began in 1895.[1][2] It is situated on the Danshui River, almost at the northern tip of the country, about 25 km southwest of Keelung, which is its port on the Pacific Ocean. Another coastal city, Danshui, is about 20 km northwest at the river’s mouth on the Taiwan Strait. Taipei lies in the relatively narrow, bowlshaped valley of the Danshui and two of its main tributaries, the Jilong (Keelung) and Xindian (Sindian) rivers. The generally lowlying terrain of the central areas on the western side of the municipality slopes upward to the south and east and especially to the north, where it reaches 1,120 metres (or 3,675 feet) at Cising Mountain (???). The climate is humid subtropical, with hot, muggy, rainy summers and cool, damp winters. It is also the political, economic, and cultural center of the country. Taipei City, Taipei County, and Keelung City together form the Taipei metropolitan area but are administered under different local government bodies. Taipei City is a special municipality administered directly under the Executive Yuan, while Taipei County and Keelung City are administered as part of Taiwan Province. Taipei commonly refers to the whole metropolitan area, while Taipei City refers to the city proper. Taipei’s city government is headed by a mayor who is elected by direct popular vote. A secretarygeneral assists the mayor. Taipei is part of a major industrial area. Most of Taiwan’s textile factories are here, and other products include electronics, electrical machinery and appliances, wires and cables, and refrigeration equipment. Shipbuilding, including yachts and other pleasure craft, is done in the port of Keelung east of the city. Railways and bus lines connect Taipei with all parts of the island. The city is served by the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport west of the city in Taoyuan. Taipei was founded in the early 18th century and became an important center for overseas trade in the 19th century. The Japanese acquired Taiwan in 1895 after the First Sino-Japanese War and made Taipei the island’s capital. The Republic of China took over the island in 1945 after Japan’s defeat in World War II. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek

Taipei
declared Taipei the provisional capital of the Republic of China in December 1949 after Kuomintang (KMT) was defeated by Communists during the Chinese Civil War. The KMT retreated to Taiwan and the jurisdiction of the Republic of China was limited to Taiwan while the Communist Party founded the People’s Republic of China in mainland China.

Romanization
See also: Romanization of Chinese in the Republic of China The spelling Taipei derives from the WadeGiles romanization T’ai-pei, which is pronounced /ˌtaɪˈpeɪ/ by English speakers. In Mandarin Chinese, however, the pronunciation is slightly different. Under the official Hanyu Pinyin romanisation scheme, as well as the previously used Tongyong Pinyin system,[3][4] the city’s name is romanised as Taibei. In recent years, Taipei City and other government authorities have made efforts to convert signage and other official spellings to conform with Hanyu Pinyin and, previously, also Tongyong Pinyin. However, due to the prevalence and international recognition of the "Taipei" spelling, the City government, as well as other government authorities, have retained the original spelling of "Taipei" as an exception.

Culture
Tourism
Memorial halls and museums

The National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall See also: National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall

2

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
See also: List of museums in Taipei The National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall is a famous monument that was erected in memory of Chiang Kai-shek, former President of the Republic of China. The monument, surrounded by a park and a large square incorporating the National Concert Hall and National Theater, stands within sight of the Republic of China’s Presidential Building in Taipei’s Zhongzheng District. The National Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall is a memorial to one of the most recognizable founding fathers of the Republic of China, Sun Yat-sen, and was completed on May 16, 1972. From the opening of the hall, majority of the exhibits displayed were revolutionary events of the national founding fathers at the end of the Qing Dynasty. However, recently its function moved toward a multi-purpose social, educational and cultural center for the Taiwanese public. The Memorial Hall is within walking distance to Taipei 101.

Taipei
into 13 groups. In 2000, there were exhibitions of digital technology arts in the museum. In 2001, Museum of Contemporary Art Taipei (???????;MOCA Taipei) was established in the Taipei City government old building. The National Taiwan Museum is the oldest museum in Taiwan. It was set up by the colonial government of Japan on October 24, 1908 to commemorate the inauguration of the North-South Railway during the Japanese rule in Taiwan. The colonial government of Japan set up the Taiwan Governor Museum. The museum had a collection of over 10,000 items in its initial stages. In 1915, the new building of the museum in Taipei New Park was inaugurated and became one of the major public buildings during Japanese rule. The Armed Forces Museum [4] is the only military styled museum in Taiwan. Most areas of interest are easily accessible from the transit system. The MRT (Taipei’s Metro Rapid Transit System) has well-marked signs, in both English and Chinese, throughout the stations to get you to your destination quickly. They have above and below ground lines. The above ground lines are particularly good, and cheap, for sightseeing. An automated system tells you each station’s name when approached in Mandarin, Taiwanese, Hakka, and English. The city has the highest wireless penetration in the world, with the internet being accessible through a city wide Wi-Fi network consisting of over 20,000 access points.[5] A popular recreation area is nearby Yangmingshan (???). Both the mountain and the town of Beitou at its base are known for their hot springs. The Maokong area of Taipei’s mountains has since 2007 been served by a gondola that takes visitors to mountaintop tea houses. (The gondola is currently closed pending the results of safety inspections.) Bitan (Green Water) in Taipei County is a popular location for boating and water sports.

The National Palace Museum The National Palace Museum is an art gallery and museum built around a permanent collection centered on ancient Chinese artifacts. It should not be confused with the Palace Museum in Beijing (which it is named after). Both institutions trace their origins to the same institution. The collections were divided in the 1940s as a result of the Chinese Civil War. The National Palace Museum in Taipei now boasts a truly international collection while housing one of the world’s largest assemblies of artifacts from ancient China. The Taipei Fine Arts Museum was established in December 24, 1983. It is also the first modern art museum. The artworks in the museum are mostly done by Taiwanese artists. There are more than 3,000 artworks in the museum. Most of them are done after 1940 by Taiwanese artist, and are organized

Taipei 101
See also: List of tourist attractions in Taipei Taipei 101 is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper that claimed the title of world’s tallest building when it opened in 2004. Designed by C.Y. Lee & Partners and constructed by KTRT Joint Venture, Taipei 101 remains the tallest completed skyscraper in the world, measuring 449 m (1,474 ft) from

3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Taipei
well as hosting its own historically unique collection (see discussion above). The Taipei Fine Arts Museum was established in 1983 as Taiwan’s first museum of modern art. The collection features over 3,000 works, mainly by Taiwanese artists since the 1940s. The collection is organized into 13 groups. In 2000, there were exhibitions of digital technology arts in the museum. The Museum of Contemporary Art Taipei (???????;MOCA Taipei) opened in 2001. Its building originally housed offices for the Taipei City government. The National Theater and Concert Hall stand at Taipei’s Liberty Square and host a non-stop series of events by performers from Taiwan and every region of the world. Other leading concert venues include the historic Zhongshan Hall at Ximen and the Sun Yatsen Memorial Hall near Taipei 101. A new cultural landmark, the Taipei Performing Arts Center, is slated to open in 2013. The venue will stand near the Shilin Night Market across from the Jingtian MRT station. The Performing Arts Center will house three theatres for events with multiweek runs. The architectural design will be determined in 2009 as the result of an international competition. Construction is expected to take place from 2010 to 2013. The same design process is also in place for a new Taipei Center for Popular Music and Taipei City Museum.[6]

Recreation
Taipei 101 at night ground to roof. (The tallest incomplete skyscraper is the Burj Dubai now under construction in Dubai, UAE). Taipei 101 also set new records for ascending elevator speed. The landmark has won numerous international awards for its innovations. Its Indoor and Outdoor Observatories draw visitors from all over the world and its New Year’s Eve fireworks display is a regular feature of international broadcasts. A large mall is located at the base of the tower Taipei has many night markets, most famous of which is the Shilin Night Market in the Shilin District of the city. The surrounding streets by Shilin Market get extremely crowded during the evening. Most night markets in Taiwan open around 4 p.m. as students begin returning home from school, crowds reach their peak between 8 and 11 p.m. Businesses continue operating well past midnight and close around 1 to 2 a.m. Ximending has been a famous area for shopping and entertainment since the 1930s. Historic structures include a concert hall and a historic cinema. Modern structures house karaoke businesses, art film cinemas, widerelease movie cinemas, electronic stores, and a wide variety of restaurants and fashion clothing stores. The pedestrian area is especially popular with teens.

Visual and Performing Arts
The National Palace Museum is a leading art gallery and cultural landmark. The museum hosts a number of international exhibits as

4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Xinyi District is popular with tourists and locals alike for its many entertainment and shopping venues, as well as being the home of the Taipei 101 building, a prime tourist attraction famous for being the world’s tallest building. Malls in the area include the sprawling Shin Kong Mitsukoshi complex, Taipei 101 mall, Eslite Bookstore’s flagship store (which includes a boutique mall), The Living Mall, New York New York shopping mall, and the Vieshow Cinema (formerly known as Warner Village). The thriving shopping area around Taipei Main Station includes the Taipei Underground Market and the original Shin Kong Mitsukoshi department store at Shin Kong Life Tower. Other popular shopping destinations include the Zhongshan Metro Mall, Dihua Street, the Guanghua Bazaar (electronics and comics market), and the Core Pacific City. The Miramar Entertainment Park is famous for its large ferris wheel and Imax theater. Taipei maintains an extensive system of parks, green spaces, and nature preserves. Parks and forestry areas of note in and around the city include Yangmingshan National Park, Taipei Zoo and Da-an Forest Park. Yangmingshan (only 10 km north of the central city), famous for its cherry blossoms, hot springs, sulfur deposits is the home of famous writer Lin Yutang, the summer residence of Chiang Kai-shek, residences of foreign diplomats, the Chinese Culture University, the meeting place of the now defunct National Assembly of the Republic of China, and the Kuomintang Party Archives. The Taipei Zoo was founded in 1914 and covers an area of 165 hectares for animal sanctuary. Bitan has boating and water sports. Danshui is a popular resort town. Ocean beaches are accessible in several directions from Taipei.

Taipei

The Longshan Temple of temples as well as shrines(literally called “Pure Truth Temple” in Chinese). Several blocks away from Xinsheng South Road is the beautiful, pristine Daoist Temples. Besides large temples, small outdoor shrines to local deities are very common, and can be spotted on road sides, parks, and neighborhoods. Many homes and businesses may also set up small shrines of candles, figurines, and offerings. Some restaurants, for example, may set up a small shrine to the Kitchen god for success in a restaurant business. [5]

Festivities and events
Many yearly festivals are held in Taipei, including the Taipei Lantern Festival and Double Ten Day. Common locations for festival celebrations include Memorial Square, Taipei 101, and the Zhongshan plaza in Xinmending. In recent years some festivals traditionally held in Taipei, such as the Double Ten Day fireworks and concerts, have increasingly been hosted by other cities in Taiwan.

Taipei in film
• Te-sheng Wei’s Cape No. 7 (drama/ comedy) • Yun Fu’s Take Me From Behind (music video) • Jack Yu’s Lollipop Love (music video) • Edward Yang’s Yi Yi: A One and a Two (drama) • Edward Yang’s Mahjong (drama) • Edward Yang’s A Brighter Summer Day (drama) • Lee Kang-sheng’s Help Me Eros (drama) • Tsai Ming-liang’s Vive L’Amour (drama)

Temples
Taipei is rich in beautiful, ornate temples housing Buddhist, Taoist, and Chinese folk religion deities. The Longshan Temple, located in the Wanhua District demonstrates an example of architecture with southern Chinese influences commonly seen in older buildings in Taiwan. Xinsheng South Road is known as the road to heaven because of its high concentration

5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Tsai Ming-liang’s What Time Is It There? (drama) • Tsai Ming-liang’s Goodbye, Dragon Inn (drama) • Tsai Ming-liang’s Rebels of the Neon God (drama) • Hou Hsiao-hsien’s Three Times (drama) • Ang Lee’s Eat Drink Man Woman (drama) • John Woo’s A Better Tomorrow (action) • Kirk Wong’s Crime Story (action) • Chen Yin-jung’s Formula 17 (gay/comedy) • Zero Chou’s Spider Lilies (lesbian/drama) • Sylvia Chang’s 20 30 40 (romance) • Hsiao-ming Hsu’s Love of May (romance) • Yee Chin-yen’s Blue Gate Crossing (romance) • Jay Chou’s Secret (romance) • Chen Kuo-Fu’s Double Vision (horror/ suspense) • Chao-Bin Su’s Silk (horror/suspense) • Ye-ming Wang’s Tea Fight (drama/ comedy) • Mamoru Oshii’s StrayDog: Kerberos Panzer Cops (science fiction/drama) • Wong Kar-Wai’s Happy Together (HongKong studio, filmed on three cities : Buenos Aires, Hong Kong, Taipei) • Andrew Lau ’s Young and Dangerous 2 (Hong-Kong studio, filmed on location in Taipei) • Turn Left, Turn Right (Hong-Kong studio, filmed on location in Taipei) • One Missed Call 2 (Japanese studio, filmed in Taipei and Jinguashi) • About Love (Japanese studio, filmed on three cities in Asia: Taipei, Tokyo, Shanghai) • Takashi Miike’s Rainy Dog (Japanese studio, filmed on location in Taipei) (drama) • Takahisa Zeze’s Moon Child (Japanese studio, filmed in Taipei, as the futuristic city of Mallepa) (drama)

Taipei

The city of Taipei, as seen from Maokong.

Xìnyì District Cising Mountain is located on the Datun Volcano Group and the tallest Mountain at the rim of the Taipei Basin. Its main peak is 1,120 m tall or 3,675 feet (above elevation). Mt. Datun’s main peak is 1092 m tall. It is defined as an area in the western section of Yangmingshan National Park, extending from Mt. Datun northward to Mt. Caigongkeng (?? ??). Located on a broad saddle between two mountains, the area contains the marshy Datun Pond.

Administrative districts
Taipei has 12 districts (? qu): District

Geography
Taipei City is located in the Taipei Basin in northern Taiwan. It is bordered by the Xindian River on the south, and the Danshui (Tamsui) River on the west. The northern districts of Shilin and Beitou extend north of the Keelung River and are bordered by Yangmingshan National Park. The Taipei city limits cover an area ranked sixteenth of twenty-five among all counties and cities in Taiwan.

6

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Month Record High (°C) Average High (°C) Average Low (°C) Record Low (°C)

Taipei

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year 30 19 12 3 31 18 12 0 33 21 14 2 35 25 17 8 37 28 21 10 37 32 23 16 38 34 26 19 38 33 24 19 36 31 23 13 35 27 19 11 33 24 17 1 31 21 14 2 71 2129

Average Rainfall (mm) 86

135 178 170 231 290 248 305 244 122 66 Hanyu Pinyin ? Wade? Giles as of 2009 km²

? Chung- 159,464 Zhongzheng- ? cheng ? qu

■

7.6071

100

■ Datongqu

? Ta? t’ung ?

124,466

5.6815

103

■
Zhongshanqu

? Chung- 218,551 ? shan ?

13.6821 104

? Sung- 209,903 9.2878 105 ? shan Songshan-qu Tracks of all Pacific typhoons between 1980 ? and 2005. 11.3614 106 ■ Da’an-qu ? Ta-an 313,371 ? °F), with a summer average of 29.4 °C (84.9 ? °F) and a winter average of 11.0 °C (51.8 °F).

■

190,050 The ? Wanoccurs 108 ■ Wanhua- Pacific typhoon season 8.8522 between qu June ? hua and October. ?

■ Xinyi-qu

Air ? quality

? Hsin-yi 227,232

11.2077 110

? Motor vehicle engine exhaust, particularly from ?motor scooters, is a source of air111 Shih285,459 62.3682 pollu■ Shilin-qu tion ? lin in Taipei. The levels of fine particulate matter, including PAHs, are consistently ? more serious in the mornings as there is less ? Pei249,319 56.8216 112 ■ Beitou-qu movement; sunlight helps clear up some air ? t’ou pollutants, which tend to be trapped close to ? the ground.[7] 31.5787 114 ■ Neihu-qu ? Nei-hu 267,120 ? ? The region 113,462 21.8424 115 ■ Nangang- ? Nan- known as the Taipei basin was home to Ketagalan tribes before the eight? kang qu eenth century. Han Chinese mainly from Fuji? an province of China began to settle in the Wen31.5090 116 ■ Wenshan- ? Basin in 261,523 the late 19th cenTaipei 1709. In ? shan qu tury, the Taipei area, where the major Han ? Chinese settlements in northern Taiwan and one of the designated overseas trade port, Climate Tamsui, were located, gained economic imTaipei has a humid subtropical climate. The portance due to the booming overseas trade, average annual temperature is 23.6 °C (74.5 especially that of tea exportation. In 1875,

History

7

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Taipei
Japanese Colonial Government. During that time the city acquired the characteristics of an administrative center, including many new public buildings and housing for civil servants. Much of the architecture of Taipei dates from the period of Japanese rule, including the Presidential Building which was the Office of the Taiwan Governor-General. During Japanese rule, Taihoku was incorporated in 1920 as part of Taihoku Prefecture (???). It included Bangka, Dadaocheng, and Chengnei among other small settlements. The eastern village Matsuyama (???) was annexed into Taihoku City in 1938. Upon the Japanese defeat in the Pacific War and its consequent surrender in August 1945, the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) assumed control of Taiwan. Subsequently, a temporary Office of the Taiwan Province Administrative Governor was established in Taipei City. On December 7, 1949, the KMT government under Chiang Kai-shek, after being forced to flee mainland China by the Communists at the Chinese Civil War, declared Taipei as the provisional capital of the Republic of China, with the official capital at Nanjing (then romanised as Nanking). Taipei expanded greatly in the decades after 1949, and as approved on December 30, 1966 by the Executive Yuan, Taipei was declared a special centrally administered municipality on July 1, 1967 and given the administrative status of a province. In the following year, Taipei City expanded again by annexing Shilin, Beitou, Neihu, Nangang, Jingmei, and Muzha. At that time, the city’s total area increased fourfold through absorbing several outlying towns and villages. The city’s population, which had reached one million in the early 1960s, also expanded rapidly after 1967, exceeding two million by the mid-1970s. Although growth within the city itself gradually slowed thereafter — its population had become relatively stable by the mid-1990s — Taipei remained one of the world’s most densely populated urban areas, and the population continued to increase in the region surrounding the city, notably along the corridor between Taipei and Keelung. In 1990, 16 districts in Taipei City were consolidated into the current 12 districts.

Diagram of Old Taipei revealing the original city wall and gates. Important buildings are highlighted. the northern part of Taiwan was separated from Taiwan Prefecture (???) and incorporated into the new Taipei Prefecture as a new administrative entity of the Chinese government (Qing Dynasty). Having been established adjoining the flourishing townships of Bangkah and Twatutia, the new prefectural capital was known as Chengnei (??), "the inner city", and government buildings were erected there. From 1875 (during the Qing Dynasty) until the beginning of Japanese rule in 1895, Taipei was part of Danshui County of Taipei Prefecture and the prefectural capital. In 1886, when Taiwan was proclaimed a province of China, Taipei city was made the provincial capital. Taipei remained a temporary provincial capital before it officially became the capital of Taiwan in 1894. All that remains from the old Qing Dynasty city is the north gate. The west gate and city walls were demolished by the Japanese while the south gate, little south gate and east gate were extensively modified by the Kuomintang (KMT) and have lost much of their original character. As settlement for losing the First SinoJapanese War, China ceded the island of Taiwan to the Empire of Japan in 1895 as part of the Treaty of Shimonoseki. After the Japanese take-over, Taipei, called Taihoku in Japanese, was retained as the capital and emerged as the political center of the

8

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Taipei

City planning
Currently the city has a square grid configuration, however these blocks are huge by international standards (500m sides). However there is little uniformed planning within these blocks, therefore lanes (perpendicular to streets) and alleys (parallel to street) spill out from the main throughways. These minor roads are not always perpendicular, and sometimes cut through the block diagonally.

Government
See also: Politics of the Republic of China

Economy
See also: Economy of Taiwan As the capital of the Republic of China, Taipei has been at the centre of rapid economic development in the country and has now become one of the global cities in the production of high technology and its components. This is part of the so called Taiwan Miracle which has seen dramatic growth in the city following foreign direct investment in the 1960s. Taiwan is now a creditor economy, holding one of the world’s largest foreign exchange reserves of more than $500 billion (100 G$) in 1999. Despite the Asian financial crisis, the economy continues to expand at about 5% per year, with virtually full employment and low inflation. As of 2007, the nominal GDP of the core city of Taipei has accrued to an amount of nearly US$160 billion, while the metro region of Taipei has a GDP (nominal) of around US$260 billion, a record that would put it at the 13th position in the GDP of cities in the world. The GDP per capita of Taipei is US$ 48,400, and the second highest in Asia behind Tokyo, which has a GDP per capita of US$65,453. Taipei and its environs have long been the foremost industrial area of Taiwan. Most of the country’s important factories producing textiles and wearing apparel are located there; other industries include the manufacture of electronic products and components, electrical machinery and equipment, printed materials, precision equipment, and foods and beverages. Services, including those related to commerce, transportation, and banking, have become increasingly important. Tourism is a small but significant component of the local economy. China Airlines is headquartered in Taipei.[8] Republic of China’s Presidential Office Building The current mayor of Taipei City is Hau Lung-bin who won the 2006 mayoral election on December 9, 2006. The mayor of Taipei City had been an appointed position since Taipei’s conversion to a centrally-administered municipality in 1967 until the first public election was held in 1994. The position has a four-year term. The first elected mayor was Chen Shui-bian of the Democratic Progressive Party. Ma Ying-Jeou took office in 1998 for two terms, before handing over to Hau Lung-bin. Both Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-Jeou went on to become President of Republic of China. Based on the outcomes of previous elections in the past decade, the vote of the overall constituency of Taipei City shows a slight inclination towards the pro-KMT camp (the Pan-Blue Coalition); however, the pro-DPP camp (the Pan-Green Coalition) also has considerable support. Ketagalan Boulevard, where Republic of China’s Presidential Office Building and other government structures are situated, is often the site of mass gatherings such as inauguration and national holiday parades, receptions for visiting dignitaries, political demonstrations and public festivals.

Transportation
All scheduled international flights are served by Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in nearby Taoyuan County. Songshan Airport at the heart of the city serves mostly domestic

9

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Taipei
several public facilities such as the Maokong Gondola, underground shopping malls, parks, and public squares. Modifications to existing railway lines to integrate them into the Metro system are underway, as well as a rapid transit line to connect the city with Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Customer satisfaction with the Taipei Metro, at over 94% in 2008, ranks it as possibly the best public transport system worldwide.[9] Taipei Main Station serves as the comprehensive hub for bus transportation, the Metro, Taiwan Rail, and Taiwan High Speed Rail. The Taiwan High Speed Rail system opened in 2007. The bullet trains connect Taipei with the west coast cities of Banciao, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Tainan and Zuoying (Kaohsiung) at speeds that cut travel times by 60% or more from what they normally are on a bus or conventional train. An extensive city bus system serves metropolitan areas not covered by the metro. Riders of the city MRT system are able to use their MRT passes for payment on buses. The pass, known as Easy Card, contain credits that are deducted each time a ride is taken. The Easy Card is read via proximity sensory panels on buses and in MRT stations, and need not be removed from wallet or purse. Motor-scooters are ubiquitous in Taipei (and much of Taiwan). Motor-scooters often weave between cars and occasionally through oncoming traffic. While there is little respect for traffic laws there are increasing numbers of police roadblocks checking riders for alcohol consumption and other offenses.

Ximen station

Education

The Shin Kong Life Tower adjoins Taipei Main Station flights, with the exception of some charter flights. Taipei’s public transport system, the Taipei Metro (commonly referred to as the MRT), incorporates a metro and light rail system based on advanced VAL and Bombardier technology. In addition to the rapid transit system itself, the Taipei Metro also includes

West Site of National Taiwan University Hospital

10

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
20 universities have campuses located in Taipei: • National Chiao Tung University—Taipei Campus (1896) • National Taiwan University (1928) • National Chengchi University (1927) • National Taipei University • National Taipei University of Education • National Taiwan University of Science and Technology • National Taipei University of Technology • National Taiwan Normal University (1946) • National Yang Ming University • Taipei National University of the Arts • Taipei Municipal University of Education • China University of Technology • Chinese Culture University • Ming Chuan University • Shih Chien University • Shih Hsin University • Soochow University • Taipei Medical University • Tatung University National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) is Taiwan’s oldest university. Originally established in Shanghai in 1896, the University was moved to Taiwan by former Chiao Tung University faculty and alumni in 1958. It is a public university with campuses in both Taipei and Hsinchu. The National Taiwan University was established in 1928 during the period of Japanese colonial rule. NTU has produced many political and social leaders in Taiwan. Both panblue and pan-green movements in Taiwan are rooted on the NTU campus. The university has six campuses in the greater Taipei region (including Taipei County) and two additional campuses in Nantou County. The University governs farms, forests, and hospitals for educational and research purposes. The main campus is in Taipei’s Da-An district, where most department buildings and all the administrative buildings are located. The College of Law and the College of Medicine are located near the Presidential Building. The National Taiwan University Hospital is a leading international center of medical research. [10] National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU or Shida) likewise traces its origins to the Japanese colonial period. Originally a teacher training institution, NTNU has developed into a comprehensive international university with demanding entrance requirements. The university boasts especially strong programs

Taipei
in the humanities and international education. Worldwide it is perhaps best known as home of the Mandarin Training Center, a program that offers Mandarin language training each year to over a thousand students from dozens of countries throughout the world. The main campus in Taipei’s Gutting district is known for its historic architecture and giving its name to the Shida Night Market, one of the most popular of the many night markets in Taipei.

Chinese as a foreign language
• International Chinese Language Program (ICLP) (???????) of National Taiwan University • Mandarin Training Center (MTC) (??????) of National Taiwan Normal University

Sports

The former Taipei Municipal Baseball Stadium Due to Taiwan being under American and Japanese influence over the years, the sports of baseball in particular and basketball have become popular in the city. Taipei, like the rest of the country, has featured most prominently in baseball and has often been the venue for the Asian Baseball Championship since the 1960s.

Major sporting events
• 1962: Taipei—Asian Baseball Championship • 1969: Taipei—Asian Baseball Championship • 1997: Taipei—Asian Baseball Championship • 2001: Taipei—Asian Baseball Championship • 2001: Baseball World Cup

11

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• 2009: Taipei—21st Summer Deaflympics in 2009

Taipei

TVBS-G produces programs mainly from their Nangang building in Taipei City. Taipei Arena The Taipei Arena is located in the city home to baseball with a capacity of some 15,000. It is located at the site of the former Taipei Municipal Baseball Stadium (built in 1958, opened 1959, demolished 2000). It was designed by Archasia, an architectural firm established in Taipei. The arena was opened on December 1, 2005. It is currently operated by the Eastern Media Group (????), which won the bid to operate the arena for 9 years. The main arena has an adjustable floor space: its minimum floor space is 60 m x 30 m, and can be extended to 80 m x 40 m. The Chinese Taipei Ice Hockey League (CTIHL) plays out of the auxiliary arena, which is a 60 m x 30 m ice skating rink. Since opening in 2005, the arena has held more art and cultural activities (such as live concerts) than sporting events, which it was originally designed and built for. Taipei has the only football-specific stadium in Taiwan, Chungshan Soccer Stadium, which hosts the national football team. It hosts qualifiers for the FIFA World and AFC regional cups, and finals of school football tournaments. As there is no professional football league in Taiwan, no other sporting events are held there.

Television
Television stations centred in Taipei include the CTS Education and Culture, CTS Recreation, CTV MyLife, CTV News Channel, China Television, Chinese Television System, Chung T’ien Television, Dimo TV, Eastern Television, Era Television, FTV News, Follow Me TV, Formosa TV, Gala Television, Public Television Service, SET Metro, SET News, SET Taiwan, Sanlih E-Television, Shuang Xing, TTV Family, TTV Finance, TTV World, TVBS, TVBS-G, TVBS-NEWS, Taiwan Broadcasting System, Videoland Television Network and Taiwan Television.

Newspapers
Newspapers include Apple Daily, Central Daily News, The China Post, China Times, Kinmen Daily News, Liberty Times, Mandarin Daily News, Matsu Daily, Min Sheng Bao, Sharp Daily, Taipei Times, Taiwan Daily, Taiwan News, Taiwan Times and United Daily News.

Sister Cities
Taipei has the following sister cities:[11] • Houston, USA • Versailles, (1961) France (1986) • Lome, Togo • Asunción, (1966) Paraguay (1987) • Quezon City, • Panama City, Philippines (1968) Panama (1989) • Manila, • Managua, Philippines (1966) Nicaragua (1992) • Cotonou, Benin (1967) • San Salvador, El Salvador (1993)

Media
As the capital, Taipei City is the headquarters for many television and radio stations in Taiwan and the centre of some of the country’s largest newspapers.

12

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Seoul, South Korea (1968) • Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (1970) Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (1968) • San Francisco, USA (1970) • Guam, USA (1973) • • • • • • • • • • Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (1978) Cleveland, USA (1970) Cincinnati, USA Indianapolis, USA (1978) Marshall, USA (1978) Atlanta, USA (1979) Phoenix, USA (1979) Los Angeles, USA (1979) Oklahoma City, USA (1981) • • • Prague, Czech Republic (1994) • Warsaw, Poland (1995) Ulan-Ude, Russia (1996) • Boston, USA (1997) • Dallas, USA (1997) • • Dakar, Senegal (1997) • Taipei City National Chiang Kaishek Memorial Hall

Taipei
Entrance of National Chiang Kaishek Memorial Hall

Taipei 101

Banjul, Gambia (1997) • Bissau, Guinea-Bissau (1997) Mbabane, Swaziland (1997) • Ulan Bator, Mongolia (1997) • Monterrey, Mexico (1997) • • La Paz, Bolivia (1997) Guatemala City, Guatemala (1998) Monrovia, Liberia (1998) Vilnius, Lithuania (1998) Majuro, Marshall Islands (1998) Perth, Australia (1999) •

Grand Love in Taipei 101 Hotel Taipei from National Sun Yatsen Memorial Hall Station

Grand Hotel Taipei

Dazhi Bridge

Baoan Dadaocheng Temple Wharf, Taipei

• •

Zhinan A Temple typhoon makes landfall in Taipei

Pond by National Chiang Ximending Kai-shek Me- at Night morial Hall

Johannesburg, • South Africa (1982) • Gold Coast, • Australia (1982) Pretoria, South Africa (1983) • Tegucigalpa, Honduras (1975) • San José, Costa Rica (1984) • Lilongwe, Malawi (1984) • •

See also
This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

Hyderabad, India (2000) • Riga, Latvia (2001) • Paola, Italy (prospective)

• • • • • • • • •

Gallery
Taipei City

Chinese Taipei List of districts of Taipei by area List of districts of Taipei by population List of districts of Taipei by population density List of schools in Taipei List of most expensive cities for expatriate employees (#63 in the world) Kaohsiung City Administrative divisions of the Republic of China List of Chinese language schools in Taiwan

13

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Preceded by Nanjing Capital of the Republic of China 1949–present Succeeded by present capital

Taipei

Notes
[1] [1] [2] [2] [3] "Hanyu Pinyin to be standard system in 2009". Taipei Times. 2008-09-18. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/ taiwan/archives/2008/09/18/2003423528. Retrieved on 2008-09-20. [4] "Gov’t to improve English-friendly environment". The China Post. 2008-09-18. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/ national/national%20news/2008/09/18/ 175155/Gov%27t-to.htm. Retrieved on 2008-09-20. [5] "The 10 Most Connected Cities in the World". http://www.dailywireless.com/ features/most-connected-cities-030607/. Retrieved on 2007-08-18. [6] Taipei invites architects | Taipei Times, 2008.07.25 [7] Oung, Angelica (May 04, 2007). "Taipei air pollution alarming: scientists". The Taipei Times.

http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/ taiwan/archives/2007/05/04/ 2003359365. [8] "Investor Relations." China Airlines. Retrieved on May 20, 2009. [9] All Subways Should be Like Taipei’s Marvel of Mass Transit, Wired News [10] [3] [11] Sister city list (.DOC)

External links
• • • • • • • • • • • • Taipei travel guide from Wikitravel Taipei City Government Official Website Taipei Travel Net Taipei Night View Taipei Atis Web Taipei e-services Discovery Taipei Healthy Taipei City List of Sister Cities from the official site Taipei City Council Taipei City at the Open Directory Project National Theater and Concert Hall

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taipei" Categories: Capitals in Asia, Settlements established in 1884, Administrative divisions of the Republic of China, Taipei City, Taipei This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 15:54 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

14


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:201
posted:5/23/2009
language:English
pages:14