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Hubert_H._Humphrey_Metrodome

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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome The Metrodome, The Homerdome, The Dome Center Field: - 408 ft (124 m) Right-Center: - 367 ft (112 m) Right Field: - 327 ft (100 m) Backstop: - 60 ft (18 m) Dome Apex: - 186 ft (57 m) Wall: - 7 feet (left and center field) Wall: - 16 feet (right field) Tenants Minnesota Vikings (NFL) (1982-present) Minnesota Golden Gophers (NCAA baseball) (1985-present) Minnesota Twins (MLB) (1982-2009) Minnesota Golden Gophers (NCAA football) (1982-2008) Minnesota Strikers (NASL) (1984) Minnesota Timberwolves (NBA) (1989-1990) Super Bowl XXVI (1992) NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Tournament (1986, 1989, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2009)

Location Coordinates

Broke ground Opened Owner Surface

Construction cost Architect Capacity

The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, often simply called The Metrodome, is a domed sports stadium in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Opened in 1982, it replaced Metropolitan Stadium, which was on the current site of the Mall of America in Bloomington, and Memorial Stadium on the 900 South 5th Street, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota campus. The MetroMinnesota dome is home to the National Football 44°58′26″N 93°15′29″W / 44.97389°N League’s Minnesota Vikings and Major 93.25806°W / 44.97389; League Baseball’s Minnesota Twins, and for -93.25806Coordinates: 44°58′26″N the 93°15′29″W / 44.97389°N 93.25806°W / first half of their season, the Big Ten’s Minnesota Golden Gophers college baseball 44.97389; -93.25806 team. 20 December 1979 The stadium is 27 years old, making it seventh-oldest stadium in major-league base3 April 1982 ball. Metrodome is the eleventh oldest stadium in the National Football League. Common Metropolitan Sports Facilities notable nicknames include The Dome or the Commission of Minnesota HHH Metrodome, and often nicknamed the FieldTurf (2004-present) Homerdome (even though in reality it is no AstroTurf (1987-2003) easier to hit a home run than average).[3] The SuperTurf (1982-1986) stadium is well known for its fiberglass fabric $68 million roof that is self-supported by air-pressure.
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

Baseball: 46,564[1] (expandable to By the 1970s, the Twins weren’t content with 55,883) the frequently harsh weather conditions early American football: 64,111 Basketball: 50,000[2] and late in the baseball season at MetropolitLeft Field: - 343 ft (105 m) Left-Center: - 385 ft (117 m)

History

Field dimensions

an Stadium while the Vikings weren’t happy with its relatively small capacity for football

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Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
four regional venues for the Final Four in 1986, 1989, 1996, 2000, 2003 and most recently, 2006. The dome has also held first and second round games in the NCAA Basketball Tournament in addition to regionals and the Final Four, most recently in 2009. The Metrodome is the only venue to host a MLB All-Star Game (1985), a Super Bowl (1992), an NCAA Final Four (1992 & 2001), and a World Series (1987 & 1991). It has been recognized as one of the loudest domed venues in which to view a game, due in part to the fact that sound is recycled throughout the stadium because of the domed roof. Stadium loudness is a hot sports marketing issue, as the noise lends the home team a home advantage against the visiting team. The Metrodome is the loudest domed NFL stadium.[7] During the 1987 World Series and 1991 World Series, peak decibel levels were measured at 125 and 118 respectively comparable to a jet airliner—both close to the threshold of pain.[8]

The entrance to the Metrodome. (just under 48,500). In addition, the stadium was not well maintained; broken railings could be seen in the third deck by the early 1970s. Construction success of other domed stadiums, particularly the Silverdome near Detroit, paved the way for voters to approve funding for a new stadium. Downtown Minneapolis was beginning a revitalization program, and the return of professional sports from suburban Bloomington was seen as a major success story. A professional team hadn’t been based in downtown Minneapolis since the Minneapolis Lakers left for Los Angeles in 1960. Construction on the Metrodome began on December 20, 1979 and was funded by the state of Minnesota. Uncovering the Dome by Amy Klobuchar (now a U.S. Senator) describes the ten-year effort to build the venue.[4] The stadium was named in memoriam to former mayor of Minneapolis, U.S. Senator and U.S. Vice President, Hubert Humphrey, who had died in 1978.[5] The Metrodome cost $68 million to build—roughly $2 million under budget, a rarity for modern stadiums. It is a somewhat utilitarian facility, though not quite as spartan as Metropolitan Stadium. One stadium official once said that all the Metrodome was designed to do was "get fans in, let ’em see a game, and let ’em go home."[6] The 1985 MLB All-Star Game, several games of the 1987 and the 1991 World Series, and Super Bowl XXVI in 1992, were all held at the Metrodome. The NCAA Final Four was held at the Metrodome in 1992 and 2001. Duke University was the winner on both occasions. The Metrodome has also served as one of the

Career-achievement events
• The Metrodome was the scene of several players joining the 3000 hit club, including Eddie Murray, Dave Winfield, and Cal Ripken, Jr.. • Dwyane Wade recorded just the fourth triple double in NCAA Men’s Basketball Tournament history on March 29, 2003. • On June 28, 2007, in the top of the first inning, Frank Thomas hit a three-run home run to left-center against Carlos Silva for his 500th career home run. He was later ejected for arguing balls and strikes. • On September 30, 2007, Brett Favre of the Green Bay Packers threw his recordbreaking 421st career touchdown pass to Greg Jennings while playing the Vikings at the Metrodome. • The Metrodome was the site of Dallas Cowboy Tony Dorsett’s 99 1/2 yard run, the longest run from scrimmage in NFL history, in a Monday night game that was lost by the Dallas Cowboys. • On November 4, 2007, Antonio Cromartie of the San Diego Chargers returned a 57-yard field goal attempt, which was short, 109 yards for a touchdown, which became the longest play in NFL history. In the same game, Adrian L. Peterson, running back for the Minnesota Vikings,

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had 30 carries for an NFL single-game record 296 rushing yards, along with three touchdowns. • On November 30, 2008, Gus Frerotte, quarterback of the Minnesota Vikings, threw a 99-yard touchdown pass to Bernard Berrian which tied the record in the NFL against the Chicago Bears.

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
the Kansas City Royals on August 30, 2006. Also see 2006 Minnesota Twins Season.

The roof

Features
Since the stadium was built, the economics of sports marketing have changed. Teams are charging higher prices for tickets, and are demanding more amenities, such as bigger clubhouses and locker rooms, more luxury suites, and more concession revenue. To that end, pressure has been applied by team owners, media, and fans to have the State of Minnesota provide newer, better facilities to host the teams. The Metrodome has served its primary purpose, to provide a climate-controlled facility in which to host the three sports tenants in Minnesota with the largest attendance. The indoor venue is particularly welcome in the highly variable climate of Minnesota. The Metrodome is widely thought of as a hitter’s park, with a low (7 ft) left-field fence (343 ft) that favors right-handed power hitters, and the higher (23 ft) but closer (327 ft) right-field Baggie that favors left-handed power hitters.[9] Because the roof is very nearly the same color as a baseball, and transmits light, the Metrodome has a far higher error incidence than a normal stadium during day games, so instead of losing a fly ball in the sun, as is common for non-roofed stadiums, fly balls can easily get lost in the ceiling. Unlike most parks built during this time, the Metrodome’s baseball configuration has asymmetrical outfield dimensions. It gave up even more home runs before air conditioning was installed in 1983. Before 1983, the Dome had been nicknamed "the Sweat Box."[1] The Metrodome is climate controlled, and has protected the baseball schedule during the entire time it has been the venue for the Minnesota Twins. Major League baseball schedulers have had the luxury of being able to count on dates played at the Metrodome. A doubleheader game only occurs when purposely scheduled. The last time that happened was when the Twins scheduled a day-night doubleheader against

The Metrodome roof. The Metrodome’s roof is made of two layers of Teflon coated fiberglass fabric, and is an air-supported structure supported by positive air pressure. It requires 250,000 ft³/min (120 m³/s) of air to keep it inflated. It is reputed to be the largest application of Teflon on Earth. To maintain the differential air pressure, spectators usually enter and leave the seating and concourse areas through revolving doors, since the use of regular doors without an airlock would cause significant loss of air pressure. The double-walled construction allows warmed air to circulate beneath the top of the dome, melting accumulated snow. A sophisticated environmental control center in the lower part of the stadium is manned to monitor weather and make adjustments in air distribution to maintain the roof. Three times in the stadium’s history, heavy snows have caused a small puncture in the roof and caused it to deflate. Varying air pressure due to a severe storm once contributed to a dramatic deflation during a regular season baseball game. On November 19, 1981, a rapid accumulation of over a foot of snow caused the roof to collapse, requiring it to be re-inflated. On April 27, 1986, a severe thunderstorm rocked the stadium and its roof, and disabled power.[10] Because it is unusually low to the playing field (172 feet/52.4 m), the air-inflated dome occasionally figures into game action. Major League Baseball has specific ground rules for the Metrodome. Any ball which strikes the Dome roof, or objects hanging from it,

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remains in play; if it lands in foul territory it becomes a foul ball, if it lands in fair territory it becomes a fair ball. Any ball which becomes caught in the roof over fair ground is a ground rule double. That has only happened twice in its history - Dave Kingman for the Oakland Athletics on May 4, 1984,[10] and Corey Koskie in 2004. The speakers, being closer to the playing surface, are hit more frequently, especially the speakers in foul ground near the infield, which are typically hit several times a season, posing an extra challenge to infielders trying to catch them. The roof is high enough that it has never been a concern for events other than baseball.

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
total height of 13 feet (4.0 m). It was off of this Plexiglas wall that former Twins player Kirby Puckett jumped to rob Ron Gant of the Atlanta Braves of an extra-base hit during Game 6 of the 1991 World Series (a game that Puckett would win with an 11th-inning walkoff homer) - in later years, with the Plexiglas removed, it would have been a potential home run ball.

The Baggie

The field

The Metrodome’s "baggie" in right field. The Metrodome’s right-field wall is composed of the seven-foot-high (2.1 m) fence around the whole outfield and a 16-foot (4.9 m)-high plastic wall extension in right field, known as the "Baggie" or the "Hefty Bag." The seats above and behind the Baggie are home run territory; the Baggie itself is part of the outfield wall. Fenway Park’s "Green Monster," a comparable but taller feature, is 17 feet (5.2 m) closer to home plate than the Baggie is, so batters who hit short, high fly balls are not typically helped by it. However, it is an attractive target for left-handed power hitters, and it is not uncommon for upper-deck home runs to be hit to right field. When in a rectangular configuration for football and other small-field events, the Baggie is taken down and the seats behind it extend to form complete lower-deck seating.

The Metrodome field, in its baseball configuration. The football markings are slightly visible under the turf. During its early years of operation, the field at the Metrodome was surfaced with SuperTurf.[11] The surface, also known as SporTurf, was very bouncy—so bouncy, in fact, that Billy Martin once protested a game after seeing a base hit that would normally be a pop single turn into a ground rule double.[6] Baseball and football players alike complained that it was too hard. This surface was upgraded to Astroturf in 1987, and in 2004, the sports commission had a newer artificial surface, called FieldTurf, installed. FieldTurf is thought to be a closer approximation to natural grass than Astroturf in its softness, appearance, and feel.

Stadium usage
Baseball
The Twins have won two World Series championships in the Metrodome (and winning both Series by winning all four games held at the Dome. The loud noise, white roof, quick turf, and the right-field wall (or "Baggie") can provide a substantial home-field advantage for the Twins.

Plexiglas
Before the mid-1990s, the left-field wall included a six-foot clear Plexiglas screen for a

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Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
The size of Siebert Field also affects the Golden Gophers starting in 2010. The Golden Gophers last hosted an NCAA baseball tournament regional in 2000, with temporary seating added. With the Metrodome being available for the tournament starting in 2010, the team could easily place a bid, and have a better possibility of hosting, an NCAA baseball regional or super regional.

Professional football
Action during a Twins game during the 2004 ALDS. The stadium is also used by the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers during February and March because of weather; furthermore, the team often plays the major tournaments at the Dome, which includes the Dairy Queen Shootout, where three other major Division I baseball teams play in an invitational. Prior to the NCAA’s 2008 rule in Division I regarding the start of the college baseball season, the Golden Gophers would often play home games at the Metrodome earlier than other teams in the area to neutralise the advantage of warmer-weather schools starting their seasons earlier in the year. Some early Big Ten conference games are played at the Metrodome, and the Golden Gophers take advantage of the home field advantage during the early part of the season before the weather warms, and the Gophers can play games on-campus. The Twins have had to postpone a game only twice since moving to the Metrodome. The first was on April 14, 1983, when a massive snowstorm prevented the California Angels from getting to Minneapolis. The game would have likely been postponed in any case, however; that night heavy snow caused part of the roof to collapse.[1] The second was on August 1, 2007, when the I-35W Mississippi River Bridge collapsed a few blocks away from the Metrodome. The game scheduled for August 1 was played as scheduled because the team and police officials were worried about too many fans departing the Metrodome at one time, therefore causing conflict with rescue workers. The game, and ceremonial ground breaking on the new stadium, on August 2 was postponed to a later date due to the collapse of the bridge.

Action during a Vikings game, from a location similar to 2004 ALDS photo. Note the retractable seats in the lower-right portion of this photo. As the stadium was designed first and foremost for the Minnesota Vikings, they have the fewest problems. As a location and playing field with new turf, it is still a suitable venue for football. The Vikings owners want more luxury suites and better concessions. They have twice rejected a renovation, with the 2001 price tag at $269 million.[12] Early fall weather has led to calls for a retractable roof, but climate control is still deemed a necessity for a season that runs through December. The Vikings are seen as the team with the most leverage, as Minnesotans view the Vikings as their favorite sports franchise in the state.[13] The likelihood that the Vikings will move without a new stadium is unknown. The NFL in Los Angeles is always offered as a destination for the Vikings, however that situation is not without its own controversy. Even without the Gophers and Twins, the Metrodome can survive with the Vikings as primary tenants.[14]

Basketball
When configured as a basketball arena, the fans in the nearby bleachers get a suitable view of the court, but the action is difficult to see in the upper decks and is very far away.

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Concessions are very far away from the temporary infrastructure. Most NBA and major college basketball arenas run to a maximum of 20,000 seats. However, the NCAA tournament makes a significant amount of money selling seats for regional and championship games for the Men’s basketball tournament. Without a domed stadium, Minnesota will no longer be able to host the NCAA championship game, and may even have trouble getting regional final games. On November 19, 2008, the NCAA announced host cities for the NCAA men’s Final Four between 2012–2016 and Minneapolis was not selected.[15]

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome

Metrodome during Gophers game in 2003. When the Gophers first moved to the Metrodome from Memorial Stadium, attendance increased.[16] However, fans waxed nostalgic over fall days playing outdoors on campus.[17] TCF Bank Stadium will provide the outdoor, on-campus venue. The stadium is six blocks from the West bank portion of the campus and the Seven Corners retail and entertainment neighborhood that serves the West bank. The Gophers share the field with the Vikings and Twins. During the earlier part of the season, the baseball turf sections are visible on the field. Many Big Ten teams had gone to some kind of turf because of the climate during the football season. However, other schools do not have seams in the turf where sections are moved.

The Metrodome set up for the 2009 NCAA Men’s Basketball Tournament; temporary stands enclose the basketball court on two sides with the permanent stands on the other two. Several NCAA tournmanets have taken place at the stadium: • 1986 1st and 2nd Round • 1989 Regional (Midwest) • 1991 1st and 2nd Round • 1992 Final Four • 1996 Regional (Midwest) • 2000 1st and 2nd Round • 2001 Final Four • 2003 Regional (Midwest) • 2006 Regional (Minneapolis) • 2009 1st and 2nd Round

College football
The final University of Minnesota game to be played in the Metrodome took place on November 22, 2008; with the Gophers being shut out by the Iowa Hawkeyes, 55–0. Minnesota was the only school in the Big Ten Conference to play off-campus and the only school in the conference to play in a domed stadium. With their move to TCF Bank Stadium, only three NCAA Division I FBS football programs now play indoors (Idaho, Syracuse and Tulane). When the Gophers first moved to the Metrodome, the NFL class facilities were seen as an improvement over the aging Memorial Stadium.

The Metrodome before the 91st battle for the Little Brown Jug rivalry game between the Minnesota Golden Gophers and Michigan Wolverines; the Wolverines never lost to the Gophers in the Metrodome, going 12–0 in all the series’ games held there.

Other events
• 2002 and 2008 Victory Bowls, the NCCAA National Football Championships • Prep Bowl (Minnesota State High School League; state high school football championships) • High school and small college baseball games through the spring and football games in November hosted by Augsburg

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College. Also other small college football events including the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference and the Upper Midwest Athletic Conference. Various high school baseball, softball, soccer and football games Monster truck, motocross, and other motorsport events. Large concerts Large religious services and gatherings Rollerdome[18] and MDRA running (exercise programs in the concourses) Conventions, such as Twins Fest, golf shows, home and garden expos, and car shows Cultural celebrations, such as Hmong New Year gatherings and the Oromo Jilboo American Games. Wrestling shows, such as AWA WrestleRock ’86, and WWE. Monster Jam Minnesota Youth in Music Marching Band Competition

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
stadium that can convert into a baseball stadium. The seating configuration is almost rectangular in shape—something that suits football very well. The seats along the four straight sides directly face their corresponding seats on the opposite side, while the seats in the corners are four quarter-circles. However, in most cases, this results in poor sight lines for baseball. For instance, the seats directly along the left field line face the center field and right field fences. Unlike other major league parks, there are no seats down to field level.[6] Even the closest frontrow seats are at least 5 or 6 feet (1.8 m) above the field. The way that many seats are situated forces some fans to crane their necks to see the area between the pitcher’s mound and home plate. Some fans near the foul poles may have to turn more than 80 degrees, compared to less than 70 with Yankee Stadium or 75 degrees at Camden Yards. For that reason, the seats down the left field line are typically among the last ones sold; the (less expensive) outfield lower deck seating tends to fill up sooner. Nearly 1,400 seats have obscured or partial visibility to the playing field – some of them due to the right field upper deck being directly above (and somewhat overhanging) the folded-up football seats behind right field; and some of them due to steel beams in the back rows of the upper deck which are part of the dome’s support system. On the plus side, there is relatively little foul territory, which is not typical of most domed stadiums. Also, with the infield placed near one corner, the seats near home plate and the dugouts, where most game action occurs, have some of the closest views in Major League Baseball. Seats in these areas are popularly known as "the baseball section". In 2007, some extra rows (normally used only for football) were retained for baseball, in the area behind home plate. The sight lines are also very good in the right field corner area, which faces the infield and is closer to the action than the left field corner. The Twins stopped selling several seats in sections 203—212 of the upper level in 1996. This area is curtained off except during the postseason.

• • • • • •

•

• • •

Controversy
Stadium neighborhood
Development in the Downtown East neighborhood around the Metrodome took many years to materialize. For many years there were few bars or restaurants nearby for fans to gather at; tailgating was expressly forbidden in most parking areas. The City of Minneapolis was directing the development of the entertainment districts along Seven corners in Cedar-Riverside, Hennepin Avenue, and the Warehouse district. The Metrodome existed among a number of parking areas built upon old rail yards, along with run-down factories and warehouses. The Metrodome is not connected to the Skyway system, although that was planned in 1989 to be completed in time to host Super Bowl XXVI. Only in recent years has redevelopment begun moving Southeast to reach the Metrodome. More restaurants, hotels, and condominiums have been built nearby. The Hiawatha light rail line has connected the Minneapolis entertainment district with the Metrodome.

Sight lines
The Metrodome is not a true multipurpose stadium. Rather, it was built as a football

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Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome

Scheduling conflicts
As part of the deal with the Metrodome, the Minnesota Twins had post-season priority over the Gophers in scheduling. If the Twins were in the playoffs with a home series, the baseball game took priority and the Gopher football game had to be moved to a time suitable to allow the grounds crew to convert the playing field and the stands to the football configuration. The last month of Major League Baseball’s regular season often included one or two Saturdays in which the Twins and Gophers used the Metrodome on the same day. On those occasions, the Twins game would start at about 11 AM local time (TV announcer Dick Bremer sometimes joked that the broadcast was competing with SpongeBob SquarePants). Afterward, the conversion took place and the Gophers football game started at about 6 PM. The University of Minnesota was the only school in the Big Ten that shared a football facility with professional sports teams. In 2007, there were two such schedule conflicts, on September 1 and 22. In 2008, there were no conflicts on the regular-season schedule. Due to the minimum time needed to convert the field, a baseball game that ran long in clock time had to be suspended, and concluded the next day. That happened with the next-to-last regular season baseball game in 2004, for example.[19][20][21]

Minnesota Twins
The Twins will move to their new ballpark in 2010, following a quest that began in the mid 1990s. Because the Metrodome was originally designed as a football stadium, its sightlines are very poor for watching a baseball game. Polls have consistently ranked it as one of the worst professional baseball stadiums in the Major Leagues.[22][23] Twins management claimed the Metrodome generated too little revenue for the Twins to be competitive; specifically, they receive no revenue from luxury suite leasing (as those are owned by the Vikings) and only a small percentage of concessions sales. Also, the percentage of season-ticket-quality seats is said to be very low compared to other stadiums. Since 2003, the Twins have had year-to-year leases, and were permitted a move to another city at any time. However, with no large American markets or new major-league-quality stadiums existing without a current team, it was accepted that the Twins could not profit from a move. The Twins sought a taxpayer subsidy of more than $200 million to assist in construction of the stadium. On January 9, 2005, the Twins went to court to argue that their Metrodome lease should be considered "dead" after the 2005 season. In February, the district court ruled that the Twins’ lease was year to year and the team could vacate the Metrodome at the end of the 2005 season. In late April 2007, Hennepin County officially took over the future ballpark site (through a form of Eminent domain called "Quick-Take") which had been a recent ongoing struggle between the county and the land owners. The "official" ground-breaking for the new ballpark was postponed on August 2 due to the collapse of the I-35W Mississippi River bridge. On October 15, 2007, the two sides reached a negotiated settlement of just under $29 million, ending the dispute. As a result, the county noted it would have to cut back on some improvements to the surrounding streetscapes, though it also revealed that the Pohlad family had committed another $15 million for infrastructure.[24]

Replacement facilities
The Metrodome is thought to be an increasingly poor fit for all three of its major tenants (the Twins, the Vikings and the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers football team). These tenants say the Dome is nearing the end of its useful lifespan. Two tenants, the Twins and the Gophers, already have taken the steps to move out. The Vikings are seeking a new stadium. The building itself is structurally sound and could last decades without major repairs. The Twins, the Vikings, and the Gophers have all proposed replacements for the Metrodome, of which the new Twins stadium and new Gopher Stadium are now under construction.

University of Minnesota
The Minnesota Golden Gophers football team began playing in the Metrodome for the 1982 season. Attendance was expected to increase

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over the old Memorial Stadium attendance, especially for late fall games, due to the climate controlled comfort. At the time it was also believed that the new NFL venue would be a recruiting benefit for the Gophers. The Gopher teams have struggled in the Big Ten Conference since the 1970s. Gopher football games rarely filled the Metrodome to capacity, except when nearby rivals visit, such as the Wisconsin Badgers and Iowa [16] Students were removed from Hawkeyes. the traditional on-campus atmosphere, since they had to take a bus from the campus to the stadium. However, average attendance had increased over previous seasons at Memorial Stadium.[16] The University of Minnesota plans on moving to TCF Bank Stadium for the 2009 football season. The University believes an oncampus stadium will motivate its student base for increased ticket sales. An on-campus stadium would also benefit from athletic revenues, not only for the football program, but the non-revenue sports as well. The venue is expected to cost less than half of an NFLquality football stadium. The new stadium will be built on surface parking lots just a few blocks east of the former Memorial Stadium, with the naming rights purchased by TCF Bank. The University of Minnesota is expected to raise more than half the cost of the stadium via private donations. The Gopher Stadium bill was passed by both houses on May 20, 2006, the day before the Twins Stadium bill passed. On May 24, 2006, Governor Pawlenty signed the Gopher bill on the University campus. The Golden Gophers’ baseball team also plays early-season games and the Dairy Queen Shootout, an invitational tournament featuring top college teams, at the Metrodome. With the 2008 implementation of the uniform start date for NCAA Division I baseball in 2008, however, the Shootout became an earlier game than traditionally held, and a few of the Golden Gophers’ early-season games were eliminated because they had been played in early February, which is no longer possible in NCAA Division I baseball.

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
market without a team exists for the NFL in Los Angeles. San Antonio has also been discussed as a possible site, though the NFL Committee has never approved of these possible moves. A Los Angeles team would either require a new stadium, or major renovations to the Rose Bowl Stadium or Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The Alamodome also is outmoded by current NFL standards, and would require major renovations. The NFL and fans have pressured Minnesota governments to finance a new, revenue-generating stadium. Downtown Minneapolis as well as the suburb of Blaine have been explored as potential stadium sites. The Vikings are seeking taxpayer subsidy of more than $300 million to assist in construction of the stadium, which may also be used for the many other events currently taking place at the Metrodome. On February 12, 2009, Lester Bagley, the team’s Vice President of Public Affairs and Stadium Development went on the record to the Minneapolis StarTribune stating that Governor Tim Pawlenty had done too little to advance the cause of a new Vikings Stadium. "With all due respect, he’s been governor for six years, and he hasn’t done anything," Bagley said of Pawlenty. "He hasn’t lifted a finger to engage in a problem-solving discussion to help us on our issue. And that’s the frustration that the NFL feels, that our ownership feels and a lot of our allies [feel], whether they be elected officials or not. There’s a lot of frustration, and there’s been no meaningful engagement by the executive branch."[25] This comment angered many fans given the economic recession at the time, and the repercussions of this act have yet to be measured. On September 20, 2005 the Vikings and Anoka County reached an agreement to build a 68,000 seat retractable-roof stadium in Blaine, where the Vikings and the county would each pay $280 million and the state $115 million. It would have opened in 2009 or 2010 if approved by the legislature. After the approval of the stadium plan Wilf dropped plans to include a roof of any kind, which would have severely limited the site’s utility for year-round events in Anoka County. In November 2006 Anoka County officials pulled out of the partnership. In addition to unapproved site design changes the Vikings had started to work behind the scenes with officials from Minneapolis, the site of the

Minnesota Vikings
The Vikings are thought to be the least hampered by their current situation in the Metrodome, but could move after their current lease expires, in 2011. An enormous

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current Metrodome. Anoka County believed it had an agreement to be an exclusive partner, and since County officials did not want to get into a bidding war with Minneapolis they withdrew from the project. The Vikings and Minneapolis are currently conducting studies about redeveloping land around the Metrodome and building a new stadium, tentatively named the Vikings Stadium, on the same land as the Metrodome. If it were to happen, the Vikings would likely play at the new TCF Bank Stadium at the University of Minnesota starting in 2010 while a new stadium is constructed on the current site of the Metrodome. Unlike previous owner Red McCombs, the present Vikings ownership has publicly disavowed any plans to remove the team from Minnesota. On May 17, 2006, the State Senate announced that any further work on the Vikings stadium bill would cease until the 2007 legislative session. The bill which authorized financing for the Twins Ballpark included provisions to prepare the field for a Vikings stadium deal in 2007, this was before Anoka County pulled out of the project. Wilf has more recently expressed interest in redeveloping the land on which the Metrodome currently sits. Local politicians are pushing the Vikings ownership to possibly renovate the Metrodome because of its location and existing infrastructure.[26]

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Tailgating has often been a popular pregame activity for football fans, and many nearby parking lots have been available in the past for people who want to start early. However, in recent years, new development in the downtown region of Minneapolis has meant that these parking lots have begun to disappear. In 2004, the Vikings offered fans a tailgating area in the huge parking lot known as Rapid Park. The area however is on the opposite side of downtown Minneapolis from the Metrodome itself, next to the Target Center, (although shuttle buses did go back and forth) and is the building site for the new Target Field which the Twins broke ground for in late August 2007.

Appearances in popular culture
In 1997’s The Postman, Kevin Costner’s character states that in post-apocalyptic America President Richard Starkey governs "from the Metrodome in Minneapolis. You know? Where the Vikings play!"

References
[1] ^ Lowry, Phillip (2005). Green Cathedrals. New York City: Walker & Company. ISBN 0802715621. [2] "About the Metrodome". Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome. http://www.msfc.com/about.cfm. Retrieved on 2006-11-04. [3] ESPN.com MLB Park Factor [4] Klobuchar, Amy (April 1986). Uncovering the Dome (reprint ed.). Waveland Press. ISBN 0-8813321-86. [5] Minnesota Sports Facilities Commission History [6] ^ Smith, Curt (2001). Storied Stadiums. New York City: Carroll & Company. ISBN 0786711876. [7] Qwest Field, home of the Seattle Seahawks, is the loudest roofed stadium. Arrowhead Stadium, home of the Kansas City Chiefs, is the loudest outdoors stadium. [8] "Twins pack punch in Game 1 Homers by Gagne and Hrbek spark win over Braves", Associated Press, October 20, 1991 [9] Major League Baseball ground rules [10] ^ Green Cathedrals,1992 edition,p.57

Accessibility and transportation
The Metrodome is located near the junction of Interstate 94 and Interstate 35W, and many fans come by car. There is limited parking in surface lots throughout eastern downtown, ranging from $5 for a Twins game, to $50 for a close stall at a Vikings game. Onstreet meters provide the lowest parking rate, especially the "free evenings" meters near the heart of downtown six blocks from the Metrodome. A new option as of 2004 is the Downtown East/Metrodome station on the light rail Hiawatha Line. Many people also come by bus, whether on a charter or on the regular regional bus system. For Golden Gopher games, a free bus service is available from the University of Minnesota that connects the East bank campus to the Metrodome.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Preceded by Metropolitan Stadium Preceded by Metropolitan Stadium Preceded by Memorial Stadium Home of the Minnesota Twins 1982 – present Home of the Minnesota Vikings 1982 – present

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Succeeded by Target Field (2010) Succeeded by current Succeeded by TCF Bank Stadium

Home of the Minnesota Golden Gophers football 1982 – 2008 Home of the Minnesota Timberwolves 1989 – 1990 Host of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game 1985 NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Tournament Finals Venue 1992 2001 Host of Super Bowl XXVI 1992

Preceded by first arena Preceded by Candlestick Park Preceded by Hoosier Dome RCA Dome Preceded by Tampa Stadium

Succeeded by Target Center Succeeded by Astrodome Succeeded by Louisiana Superdome Georgia Dome Succeeded by Rose Bowl

[11] "HHH Metrodome Information". [21] http://www.baseball-reference.com/ TicketSolutions.com. 2007. boxes/MIN/MIN200410030.shtml http://www.tickets4u.com/info[22] http://www.ballparksofbaseball.com/al/ metrodome.asp. Retrieved on Metrodome.htm 2007-04-07. [23] http://espn.go.com/page2/s/list/ [12] Taking a last look at fixing the Dome for worstballparks/010503.html the Vikings. Star Tribune. Paul Levy. July [24] Rochelle Olson, Stadium land feud ends 19, 2007 - "A Metrodome renovation is with cost stretching to $29 million, Star being studied, although Vikings officials Tribune, October 15, 2007. say the site really isn’t big enough by [25] http://www.startribune.com/sports/ today’s NFL standards." vikings/39470607.html [13] ESPN Sports Nation - Vote: Best of [26] http://www.rejournals.com/news/ Minnesota 212156-plans-for-metrodome-to-be[14] Managers: Metrodome Doomed Without revealed-soon Vikings. Associated Press. April 19, 2006 [15] http://www.visithoustontexas.com/media/ press_releases.php?id=464&category=12865 • MSFC official site [16] ^ University of Minnesota Football • Minnesota Twins Web site media guide p. 160 (PDF) • Minnesota Vikings Web Site [17] Wood, Bob (Robert) (1989). Big Ten • University of Minnesota sports Web Site country: a journey through one football • Ballpark Digest review of Metrodome season. Morrow. ISBN 0688089224. • Field of Schemes website referencing the [18] "RollerDome Homepage". stadium controversies in Minnesota http://www.roller-dome.com/. Retrieved • The Metrodome: a baseball disaster on 2007-12-27. • Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in the [19] http://www.nytimes.com/2004/10/02/ Structurae database sports/baseball/03TWINS-WIRE.html [20] http://www.baseball-reference.com/ boxes/MIN/MIN200410020.shtml

External links

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_H._Humphrey_Metrodome" Categories: 1982 establishments, Hubert Humphrey, Buildings and structures in Minneapolis, Minnesota, College baseball venues, College football venues, High school baseball venues, Covered stadiums, Major League Baseball venues, Minnesota Golden Gophers football, Minnesota Timberwolves, Minnesota Twins, Minnesota Vikings, Multi-purpose stadiums, National Football League venues, Sports venues in Minneapolis-St. Paul, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities sports venues, National Basketball Association venues, Skidmore, Owings and Merrill buildings This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 18:02 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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