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Chicago Symphony Orchestra

Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Chicago Symphony Orchestra Notable instrument(s) Violin Baron von der Leyen 1715 Stradivari Viola Domenico Montagnana 1723 Violoncello Braga 1731 Stradivari

The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) is an American orchestra based in Chicago, Illinois. It is one of the five American orchestras commonly referred to as the "Big Five".[1] Founded in 1891, the Symphony makes its home at Orchestra Hall in Chicago and plays a summer season at the Ravinia Festival. The music director designate is Riccardo Muti, due to begin his tenure in 2010.

History
Background information Birth name Also known as Origin Genre(s) Occupation(s) Years active Associated acts Website Members Music Director Designate Riccardo Muti Principal Conductor Bernard Haitink Conductor Emeritus Pierre Boulez Civic Orchestra Conductor Cliff Colnot Chorus Director Duain Wolfe Former members Founder Theodore Thomas Chicago Orchestra CSO Chicago, Illinois, United States Classical Symphony Orchestra 1891–present Civic Orchestra CSO Chorus www.cso.org

In 1891 Charles Norman Fay, a Chicago businessman, invited Theodore Thomas to establish an orchestra in Chicago. Conducted by Theodore Thomas under the name "Chicago Orchestra", the orchestra played its first concert on October 16, 1891 at the Auditorium Theatre. It is one of the oldest orchestras in the United States, along with the New York Philharmonic, the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra. Orchestra Hall, now a component of the Symphony Center complex, was designed by Chicago architect Daniel H. Burnham and completed in 1904. Maestro Thomas served as music director for thirteen years until his death shortly after the orchestra’s newly built residence was dedicated on December 14, 1904. The orchestra was renamed "Theodore Thomas Orchestra" in 1905 and today, Orchestra Hall still has "Theodore Thomas Orchestra Hall" inscribed in its façade. In 1905, Frederick Stock became music director, a post he held until his death in 1942. The orchestra was renamed "Chicago Symphony Orchestra" in 1913. Other music directors have included Désiré Defauw, Artur Rodziński, Rafael Kubelík, Fritz Reiner, Jean Martinon, Sir Georg Solti and Daniel Barenboim.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maestro Barenboim resigned from his post in 2006 in order to focus on his career in Europe with the Staatskapelle Berlin opera company, La Scala in Milan, and also with the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra which he co-founded. Barenboim’s final concerts leading the Chicago Symphony Orchestra took place on June 15-17 2006. On 27 April 2006, the orchestra named Bernard Haitink to the role of principal conductor and Pierre Boulez to the role of conductor emeritus "while [the] music director search continues."[2] These appointments began in the 2006-2007 season. On May 5, 2008, Chicago Symphony Orchestra Association President Deborah Rutter announced that the orchestra had named Riccardo Muti as its 10th music director, starting with the 2010-2011 season, for an initial contract of 5 years.[3] The orchestra has also had many distinguished guest conductors, including Richard Strauss, John Williams, Arnold Schoenberg, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninov, Maurice Ravel, Edward Elgar, Aaron Copland, Leonard Slatkin, André Previn, Michael Tilson Thomas, Leonard Bernstein, Leopold Stokowski, Morton Gould, Erich Leinsdorf, Walter Hendl, Eugene Ormandy, George Szell and Charles Münch. Many of these guests have also recorded with the orchestra. The three principal guest conductors of the orchestra have been Carlo Maria Giulini, Claudio Abbado, and Pierre Boulez. Music performed by the orchestra has been heard in movies, including Casino conducted by Sir Georg Solti, and Fantasia 2000 conducted by James Levine. The Chicago Symphony holds an annual fundraiser, originally known as the Chicago Symphony Marathon, more recently as "Radiothon", and now "Symphonython", in conjunction with Chicago radio station WFMT. As part of the event, the Orchestra has, since 1986, released tracks from their broadcast archives on double LP/CD collections.

Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Depression. The Orchestra helped to inaugurate the first season of the Ravinia Festival in August 1936 and has been in residence at the Festival every summer since. Many conductors have made their debut with the Chicago Symphony at Ravinia, and several have gone on to become the artistic director, or primary summertime guest conductor at Ravinia, including Seiji Ozawa (1964-1968), James Levine (1973-1993), and Christoph Eschenbach (1995-2003). As of 2005, James Conlon holds the title of Ravinia music director.

Recordings and broadcasts
The Chicago Symphony has amassed a discography numbering more than 900. Recordings by the Orchestra have earned sixty Grammy Awards from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. These include several Classical Album of the Year awards, awards in Best Classical Performance in vocal soloist, choral, instrumental, engineering and orchestral categories. On May 1, 1916, Frederick Stock recorded the Wedding March from Felix Mendelssohn’s music to A Midsummer Night’s Dream for what was then known as the Columbia Graphophone Company. Stock and the orchestra made numerous recordings for Columbia Records and the Victor Talking Machine Company, renamed RCA Victor in 1929. The orchestra’s first non-acoustic electrical recordings were made for Victor in 1925, including a performance of Karl Goldmark’s In Springtime overture. These early electrical recordings were made in Victor’s Chicago studios; within a couple of years Victor began recording the orchestra in Orchestra Hall. Stock continued recording until 1942, the year he died. In 1951, Rafael Kubelík made the first modern high fidelity recordings with the orchestra, in Orchestra Hall, for Mercury. Like the very first electrical recordings, these performances were made with a single microphone. Philips has reissued these performances on compact disc with the original Mercury label and liner notes. In March 1954, Fritz Reiner made the first stereophonic recordings with the orchestra, again in Orchestra Hall, for RCA Victor, including a performance of Richard Strauss’

Ravinia Festival
The Chicago Symphony Orchestra maintains a summer home at Ravinia in Highland Park, Illinois. The orchestra first performed there during Ravinia Park’s second season in November 1905 and continued to appear there on and off through August 1931, after which the Park fell dark due to the Great

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Also sprach Zarathustra. Reiner and the orchestra continued to record for RCA through 1962. These were mostly recorded in RCA’s triple-channel "Living Stereo" process. RCA has digitally remastered the recordings and released them on CD and SACD. Jean Martinon also recorded with the orchestra for RCA Victor during the 1960s, producing performances that have been reissued on CD. Sir Georg Solti recorded primarily for Decca in recordings that were issued in the U.S. on the London label, including a highlyacclaimed Mahler series, recorded in the historic Medinah Temple. Many of the recordings with Daniel Barenboim have been released on Teldec. The Chicago Symphony first broadcast on the radio in 1925. There have been broadcasts ever since, except for a few years during World War II and a hiatus between October 2002 and April 2007. The reason for the latter break was a dispute between the musicians’ union and CSO management over extra pay for musicians for radio broadcasts.[4] The Orchestra offered to match the broadcast fees of the highest-paying US orchestra, but the union refused the offer. Henry Fogel, then president of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Association, told the Tribune, "I think the musicians’ representatives believe we should find a way to fund payments at the levels they expect, and frankly we just cannot."[5] With the resolution of the dispute, the Chicago Symphony radio syndication resumed with a 52-week series. The broadcasts are sponsored by BP and air on 98.7 WFMT in Chicago and the WFMT Radio Network. They consist of 39 weeks of recordings of live concerts, as well as highlights from the CSO’s vast discography.[6] The CSO has also appeared on a series of telecasts on WGN-TV, beginning in 1953. The early 1960s saw the videotaped telecast series Music from Chicago, conducted by Fritz Reiner and guest conductors including Arthur Fiedler, George Szell, Pierre Monteux, and Charles Münch. Many of these televised concerts, from 1953 to 1963, have since been released to DVD by VAI Distribution. Georg Solti also conducted a series of concerts with the Chicago Symphony that were broadcast in the 1970s on PBS. In 2007, the Chicago Symphony formed its own recording label, CSO Resound. After an agreement was reached with the Orchestra’s musicians, arrangements were made for new

Chicago Symphony Orchestra
recordings to be released digitally at online outlets and on compact disc.[6] The first CSO Resound CD, recording Bernard Haitink’s rendition of Mahler’s Third Symphony, was released in the spring of 2007. The following releases were Bruckner’s Seventh symphony conducted by Haitink, Shostakovich’s Fifth by Chung, Mahler’s Sixth and Shostakovich’s Fourth by Haitink.

Civic Orchestra of Chicago
Frederick Stock founded the Civic Orchestra of Chicago, the first training orchestra in the United States affiliated with a major symphony orchestra, in 1919. Its goal is to recruit pre-professional musicians and train them as high-level orchestra players. Many alumni have gone on to play for the CSO or other major orchestras. The Civic Orchestra performs half a dozen orchestral concerts and a chamber music series annually in Symphony Center and in other venues throughout the Chicago area free of charge to the public.

Music directors, conductors
Music directors Assistant / Associate • 1891-1905 Conductors Theodore • Arthur Mees Thomas Assistant 1896-1898 • 1905-1942 • Frederick Stock Frederick Assistant 1899-1905 Stock • Eric DeLamarter • 1943-1947 Assistant 1918-1933, Désiré Defauw Associate 1933-1936 • 1947-1948 • Hans Lange Artur Associate 1936-1943, Rodziński Conductor 1943-1946 • 1950-1953 • Tauno Hannikainen Rafael Kubelík Assistant 1947-1949, • 1953-1962 Associate 1949-1950 Fritz Reiner • George Schick • 1962-1963 Assistant 1950-1952, Fritz Reiner Associate 1952-1956 (musical • Walter Hendl advisor) Associate 1958-1964 • 1963-1968 • Irwin Hoffman Jean Martinon Assistant 1964-1965, • 1968-1969 Associate 1965-1968, Irwin Hoffman Conductor 1969-1970

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(acting music director) • 1969-1991 Sir Georg Solti • 1991-2006 Daniel Barenboim • 2010- Riccardo Muti (music director designate) Titled Conductors • 1969-1972 Carlo Maria Giulini Principal Guest Conductor • 1982-1985 Claudio Abbado Principal Guest Conductor • 1995-2006 Pierre Boulez Principal Guest Conductor • 2006-present Pierre Boulez Conductor Emeritus • 2006-present Bernard Haitink Principal Conductor Composers-inResidence • 1987-1990 John Corigliano • 1990-1997 Shulamit Ran • 1997-2006 Augusta Read Thomas • 2006-present Osvaldo Golijov • 2006-present Mark-Anthony Turnage • Henry Mazer Associate 1970-1986 • Kenneth Jean Associate 1986-1993 • Michael Morgan Assistant 1986-1993 • Yaron Traub Assistant 1995-1998, Associate 1998-1999 • William Eddins Assistant 1995-1998, Associate 1998-1999, Resident 1999-2004

Chicago Symphony Orchestra

Honors and awards
Recordings by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra have won sixty Grammy Awards from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Bernard Haitink, principal conductor, has won two Grammy® Awards, including one with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra for the recording of Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony on the CSO Resound label. Pierre Boulez, conductor emeritus and former principal guest conductor, has won twenty-six Grammy Awards including eight with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus. Boulez is tied with Alison Krauss as the third all-time Grammy winner, behind Sir Georg Solti (thirty-one) and Quincy Jones (twenty-seven). The late Sir Georg Solti, former music director and music director laureate, won thirtyone Grammy Awards—more than any other recording artist. He received seven awards in addition to his twenty-four awards with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus. In addition, Sir Georg Solti and producer John Culshaw received the first NARAS Trustees’ Award in 1967 for their "efforts, ingenuity, and artistic contributions" in connection with the first complete recording of Richard Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen with the Vienna Philharmonic. Sir Georg Solti also received the Academy’s 1995 Lifetime Achievement Award. The late Margaret Hillis, founder and longtime director of the Chicago Symphony Chorus, won nine Grammy Awards for her collaborations with the Orchestra and Chorus. Rated as the top orchestra in the United States and the fifth best orchestra in the world by the British classical music magazine Gramophone in November, 2008.[7] Grammy Award for Best Classical Album • 1966 Charles Ives: Symphony No. 1 in D Minor – Morton Gould, conductor; Howard Scott, producer (RCA) • 1972 Gustav Mahler: Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 8 in E-flat Major – Sir Georg Solti, conductor; David Harvey, producer (London) • 1974 Hector Berlioz: Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14 – Sir Georg Solti, conductor; David Harvey, producer (London)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• 1975 Ludwig van Beethoven: The Nine Symphonies – Sir Georg Solti, conductor; Ray Minshull, producer (London) • 1978 Johannes Brahms: Violin Concerto in D Major, Op. 77 – Itzhak Perlman, violin; Carlo Maria Giulini, conductor; Christopher Bishop, producer (Angel) • 1979 Johannes Brahms: The Four Symphonies – Sir Georg Solti, conductor; James Mallinson, producer (London) • 1981 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 2 in C Minor (Resurrection) – Sir Georg Solti, conductor; James Mallinson, producer (London) • 1983 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 9 in D Major – Sir Georg Solti, conductor; James Mallinson, producer (London) • 1993 Béla Bartók: The Wooden Prince & Cantata profana – Pierre Boulez, conductor; John Aler & John Tomlinson, soloists; Karl-August Naegler, producer (Deutsche Grammophon) • 1994 Béla Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra & Four Orchestral Pieces, Op. 12 – Pierre Boulez, conductor; Karl-August Naegler, producer (Deutsche Grammophon) Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance • 1960 Béla Bartók: Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta – Fritz Reiner, conductor (RCA) • 1971 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 1 in D Major – Carlo Maria Giulini, conductor (Angel) • 1972 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 7 in E Minor – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1974 Hector Berlioz: Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14 – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1976 Richard Strauss: Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30 – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1977 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 9 in D Major – Carlo Maria Giulini, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 1979 Johannes Brahms: The Four Symphonies – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1980 Anton Bruckner: Symphony No. 6 in A Major – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1981 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 2 in C Minor (Resurrection) – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London)

Chicago Symphony Orchestra
• 1982 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 7 in E Minor – James Levine, conductor (RCA) • 1983 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 9 in D Major – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1986 Franz Liszt: A Faust Symphony – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1987 Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 in D Minor, Op. 125 – Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1990 Dmitri Shostakovich: Symphonies nos. 1 & 7 (Leningrad) – Leonard Bernstein, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 1991 John Corigliano: Symphony No. 1 – Daniel Barenboim, conductor (Erato) • 1993 Béla Bartók: The Wooden Prince – Pierre Boulez, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 1994 Béla Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra & Four Orchestral Pieces, Op. 12 – Pierre Boulez, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 1998 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 9 in D Major – Pierre Boulez, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 2001 Edgard Varèse: Amériques, Arcana, Déserts, & Ionisation – Pierre Boulez, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 2008 Dmitri Shostakovich: Symphony No. 4 - Bernard Haitink, conductor (CSO Resound) Grammy Award for Best Choral Performance • 1972 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 8 in E-flat Major – Chorus of the Vienna State Opera, Singverein Chorus, & Vienna Boys’ Choir; Norbert Balatsch & Helmut Froschauer, chorus masters; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1977 Giuseppe Verdi: Requiem Mass – Chicago Symphony Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (RCA) • 1978 Ludwig van Beethoven: Missa solemnis, in D Major, Op. 123 – Chicago Symphony Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1979 Johannes Brahms: A German Requiem, Op. 45 – Chicago Symphony Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1982 Hector Berlioz: The Damnation of Faust, Op. 24 – Chicago Symphony

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Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1982 Joseph Haydn: The Creation – Chicago Symphony Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1984 Johannes Brahms: A German Requiem, Op. 45 – Chicago Symphony Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; James Levine, conductor (RCA) • 1986 Carl Orff: Carmina burana – Chicago Symphony Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; James Levine, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 1991 Johann Sebastian Bach: Mass in B Minor – Chicago Symphony Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1993 Béla Bartók: Cantata profana – Chicago Symphony Chorus; Margaret Hillis, director; Pierre Boulez, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist with Orchestra • 1960 Johannes Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-flat Major, Op. 83 – Sviatoslav Richter, piano; Erich Leinsdorf, conductor (RCA) • 1973 Ludwig van Beethoven: The Five Piano Concertos – Vladimir Ashkenazy, piano; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1979 Béla Bartók: Concertos for Piano nos. 1 and 2 – Maurizio Pollini, piano; Claudio Abbado, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 1982 Edward Elgar: Violin Concerto in B Minor, Op. 61 – Sviatoslav Richter, piano; Erich Leinsdorf, conductor (RCA) • 1993 Alban Berg: Violin Concerto & Wolfgang Rihm: Time Chant – AnneSophie Mutter, violin; James Levine, conductor (Deutsche Grammophon) • 2001 Richard Strauss: Horn Concerto No. 1, Duett-Concertino for Clarinet and Bassoon in F Major, & Oboe Concerto in D Major – Dale Clevenger, horn; Larry Combs, clarinet; David McGill, bassoon; Alex Klein, oboe; Daniel Barenboim, conductor (Teldec) Grammy Award for Best Classical Vocal Performance • 1964 Hector Berlioz: Les nuits d’été & Manuel de Falla El amor brujo – Leontyne Price, soprano; Fritz Reiner, conductor (RCA) Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording

Chicago Symphony Orchestra
• 1985 Arnold Schoenberg: Moses und Aron – Franz Mazura & Philip Langridge, principal soloists; Sir Georg Solti, conductor; James Mallinson, producer (London) • 1997 Richard Wagner: Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg – Karita Mattila, Iris Vermillion, Ben Heppner, Herbert Lippert, Alan Opie, René Pape, & José van Dam, principal soloists; Sir Georg Solti, conductor; Michael Woolcock, producer (London) • 1998 Béla Bartók: Bluebeard’s Castle – Jessye Norman & László Polgár, principal soloists; Pierre Boulez, conductor; Roger Wright, producer (Deutsche Grammophon) Grammy Award for Best Classical Contemporary Composition • 1991 John Corigliano: Symphony No. 1 – John Corigliano, composer (Erato) • 1992 Samuel Barber: The Lovers – Samuel Barber, composer (Koch) Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Classical • 1962 Richard Strauss: Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30 – Lewis W. Layton, engineer; Fritz Reiner, conductor (RCA) • 1972 Gustav Mahler: Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 8 in E-flat Major – Gordon Parry & Kenneth Wilkinson, engineers; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1974 Hector Berlioz: Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14 – Kenneth Wilkinson, engineer; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1977 Maurice Ravel: Boléro – Kenneth Wilkinson, engineer; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1982 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 7 in E Minor – Jay Saks, engineer; James Levine, conductor (RCA) • 1983 Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 9 in D Major – James Lock, engineer; Sir Georg Solti, conductor (London) • 1993 Béla Bartók: The Wooden Prince & Cantata profana – Pierre Boulez, conductor; Rainer Maillard, engineer (Deutsche Grammophon) • 2008 Traditions and Transformations: Sounds of Silk Road Chicago – Miguel Harth-Bedoya and Alan Gilbert, conductors; Silk Road Ensemble, Yo-Yo Ma and Wu Man, soloists; David Frost, Tom Lazarus, and Christopher Willis, engineers (CSO Resound)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chicago Symphony Orchestra

References

[1] Michael Walsh (1983-04-25). "Which U.S. Orchestras are Best?". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/ article/0,9171,923579,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-26. [2] Chicago Symphony Orchestra (2006-04-27). Two internationally renowned conductors assume key leadership roles within CSO artistic team while music director search continues. Press release. http://www.cso.org/ main.taf?p=7,1,2,3,94. Retrieved on 2007-03-21. [3] Daniel J. Wakin (2008-05-06). "And the Brass Ring Goes to Chicago Symphony: Riccardo Muti Says Yes". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/ 06/arts/music/ 06muti.html?ref=arts%26pagewanted=all. Retrieved on 2008-05-06. • Chicago Symphony Orchestra official [4] Ben Finane (2002-10-16). "Lyric Opera website and Chicago Symphony Orchestra Are • CSO Resound official website Completely off the Airwaves". Chicago • Chicago Symphony Chorus official website Tribune; andante magazine. • Civic Orchestra of Chicago official website http://www.andante.com/article/ • Silk Road Project official website article.cfm?id=18801&highlight=1&highlightterms=&lstKeywords=. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.

[5] John von Rhein (2002-10-13). "Off the air: Greed has silenced Lyric and CSO". Chicago Tribune. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/ chicagotribune/access/ 209040581.html?dids=209040581:209040581&FMT Retrieved on 2007-03-21. [6] ^ Chicago Symphony Orchestra (2006-11-30). Chicago Symphony Orchestra Announces Major Radio and Recording Initiaves. Press release. http://www.cso.org/ main.taf?p=7,1,2,4,54. Retrieved on 2007-03-21. [7] Tom Huizenga (2008-11-21). "Chicago Symphony Tops U.S. Orchestras". NPR. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/ story.php?storyId=97291390. Retrieved on 2008-12-31.

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Symphony_Orchestra" Categories: Musical groups established before 1900, Musical groups established in 1891, American orchestras, Musical groups from Chicago, Illinois This page was last modified on 20 April 2009, at 00:12 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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