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									Warrenton Trail Plan (v0.8)


City of Warrenton

                    Clatsop County, Oregon



                      Warrenton Trail Plan
                      Background Report
                    (Final Draft version 0.8)

                          August 12, 2007




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T ABLE          OF     C ONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................ 2

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................................................................................ 3

THE VISION ............................................................................................................................................................... 4

OVERVIEW MAP ...................................................................................................................................................... 5

BENEFITS OF A TRAILS SYSTEM ........................................................................................................................ 6

THE PLANNING PROCESS ..................................................................................................................................... 7
    OUTREACH AND PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT .................................................................................................................... 7
REGIONAL ECONOMIC BACKGROUND ........................................................................................................... 8

FEATURES OF WARRENTON AND ITS WATERFRONT............................................................................... 10

SCORP - STATEWIDE COMPREHENSIVE OUTDOOR RECREATION PLAN .......................................... 14

GOALS & ACTIONS................................................................................................................................................ 23

SPECIFIC PUBLIC ACCESS & TRAILS IMPROVEMENTS ........................................................................... 25
    TSUNAMI EVACUATION ROUTES ............................................................................................................................. 26
    SKIPANON RIVER LOOP TRAIL................................................................................................................................. 28
    WARRENTON WATERFRONT TRAIL ......................................................................................................................... 30
    SKIPANON RIVER PARK TO THE LEWIS & CLARK BRIDGE ....................................................................................... 35
    OTHER TRAILS AND SPURS ...................................................................................................................................... 37
    PEDESTRIAN IMPROVEMENTS .................................................................................................................................. 39
    INDUSTRIAL TRAFFIC RE-ROUTING ......................................................................................................................... 40
    DOWNTOWN PEDESTRIAN IMPROVEMENTS ............................................................................................................. 40
    APPEARANCE ........................................................................................................................................................... 41
    DOWNTOWN AND WATERFRONT CLEANUP ............................................................................................................. 42
CONNECTIONS TO OTHER AREA TRAIL SYSTEMS .................................................................................... 43

APPENDIX A: RESOLUTION & ORDER 2136 ................................................................................................... 46

APPENDIX B: NOTES FROM MEETING WITH WARRENTON CITY STAFF .......................................... 47

APPENDIX C: TALKIN’ TRAILS WORKSHOP – MAY 2006 ......................................................................... 48

APPENDIX D: PUBLIC MEETING AUGUST 29, 2006....................................................................................... 53

APPENDIX E: TSUNAMI EVACUATION MAP ................................................................................................. 54




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A CKNOWLEDGEMENTS



City Commissioners                         Planning Commission
Gil Gramson (Chair)                        Steve Hawks
Mark Kujala                                Chris Hayward
Terry Ferguson,                            Vince Williams
Frank Orrell                               Gillian Maggert
Dick Hellberg                              Colleen Keenan
                                           Tommy Johnson
                                           Barry Smith


Warrenton Parks Commission                 City Departments
                                           Edward Madere, City Manager
                                           Carol Parker, Planning Director
                                           Dave Haskell, Public Works Superintendent


National Park Service                      Warrenton Trails Association (WTA)
                                           Jim Scheller (Chair)
Rivers & Trails Program                    Robert Maxfield
Alexandra Stone, Community Planner         Barry Smith
Garrett Devier, Intern                     Krista Bingham
                                           Frida Fraunfelder
Lewis and Clark National Historical Park   Marc Auerbach
Chip Jenkins, Superintendent               Gail Galen


Fort Stevens State Park                    Image Credits
Mike Stein, Assistant Area Manager
                                           Image 8: Rhoda Portis
                                           All other images: Marc Auerbach




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T HE V ISION

                                If most of the proposed projects and activities in this plan are
                                carried out, this is how local residents might describe Warrenton,
                                Oregon and its trail system in the Year 2020.

                                Warrenton's trail system, now including more than 30 miles of
                                pedestrian trails along the Pacific Ocean, the Columbia and
                                Skipanon rivers, and Youngs Bay, is enjoyed by residents and
                                visitors alike. Small parks and access points at strategic locations
                                along the trails are particularly popular. Water trails enjoy high
                                use thanks to several new small craft launches. Many have
Image 1: Mushroom                special facilities for disabled access and interpretive exhibits
                                 explaining the history, natural resources and attractions in the
area. Hundreds of visitors visit Warrenton annually to run in the Lewis & Clark Cross-County
Marathon that starts downtown, proceeds along the Airport Dike, winds along to Fort Clatsop,
descends to the Pacific Ocean on the Fort to Sea Trail, along the beach to Fort Stevens and
returns through Hammond. Intrepid visitors marvel at their ability to make multi-day hikes from
Seaside to Fort Stevens to Fort Clatsop.


Warrenton‟s trail system provides safe routes for residents to walk to work and school. The
community is stronger for chance meetings of friends and neighbors on Sunday hikes.
Warrenton‟s trails are often cited by new residents as one of the main reasons for relocating to
the area. The extended trail system doubles as a tsunami evacuation route.


Warrenton's waterfront has been transformed, thanks to the hard work and foresight of
Warrenton city officials, the Port of Astoria, the National Parks Service Rivers & Trails
Program, the Warrenton Trails Association and the local citizens who dreamed the dream and
then worked to achieve it.




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O VERVIEW M AP




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B ENEFITS      OF A    T RAILS S YSTEM

For the purposes of this plan a trail is any path, track, waterway or public right-of-way designed
or adapted for use by pedestrians, bicycles, paddlers or other non-motorized modes of
transportation (excepting electric wheelchairs).

Transportation & Public Safety
Trails increase transportation choices (recreational outings and commutes to school or work),
improve safety, and encourage non-motorized travel by connecting residential areas with major
destinations. Ultimately, the trail system may reduce traffic congestion and air pollution as the
city continues to grow.


Recreation & Health
                                The City of Warrenton has limited park and trail facilities, but
                                residents and visitors have access to an exceptional number, size,
                                and variety of recreation areas and trails given the city's
                                proximity to federal, state, county and port lands within or
                                abutting the urban growth boundary. Impressive too is the
                                potential for additional community open space, trails, and
                                compelling scenery that the city-owned dikes will provide in the
                                future.
 Image 2: Airport Dike Trail

A network of close-to-home trails that are safe and attractive greatly increases a community's
opportunities for an active lifestyle and physical and mental well-being. A study published in the
American Journal of Preventive Medicine (Health Day, Oct. 16, 2006) reported that people who
use community trails at least once a week are two times more likely to meet daily exercise
recommendations than those who rarely or never use trails.

Researchers writing in the same journal described indicators of activity friendly communities,
including availability and proximity to home of recreation facilities, attractions and comforts
while walking, and the popularity of walking and bicycling.


Economic
Walkable and bikeable communities are associated with increased real estate values and many
generate income from tourists, special events, and other users, and the quality of life can make an
area more attractive for business relocations and in-migration.

According to the National Association of Homebuilders, the most desired amenity of prospective
buyers is walking and jogging trails – over swimming pools and exercise rooms. The group
surveyed people nationwide and found that trails were preferred 57 percent of the time (source:
ocregister.com, 11-12-06).



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Land Use & Environment
Trails and conservation corridors provide park and recreation facilities, can buffer sensitive
environmental areas and contradicting land uses, and benefit wildlife, water quality, storm water
management and vegetation.

Warrenton's waterfront is an authentic, working waterfront and as such has an attractiveness and
beauty all its own. Residents and visitors value this waterfront.


Education & Lifelong Learning
Trail corridors can be used as outdoor classrooms by teachers and students, the community, and
scientists in a wide range of studies, including biology, geography, history and art.


T HE P LANNI NG P RO CESS

Building on Related Plans

        Waterfront Revitalization Plan, Warrenton Oregon (September 1994) [Adopted by
         ordinance 940-A, 9.21.1994]
        Community Visioning Project (June 2001)
        2002 Warrenton Trails Association Concept Paper
        City Resolution 2136 (March 14, 2006)
        2006 Clatsop County Recreational Lands Master Plan
        Oregon SCORP 2003-2007
        Draft Hammond Marina Master Plan Update (September 2005)
        Warrenton Transportation System Plan (February 2004)


Technical Assistance

In 2004 WTA applied for and received a technical assistance grant from the National Park
Service‟s Rivers & Trails program. In 2005, the grant was renewed for a second year. The NPS
staff was instrumental in building partnerships, organizing public outreach, keeping the process
on track, and providing critical inventory and mapping support. It is fair to say that without this
generous grant, this plan would not exist.


Outreach and Public Involvement

                                On March 14, 2006 the Warrenton City Commission, by
                                unanimous vote, passed a resolution and order [Appendix A]
                                initiating the process of creating a comprehensive trail plan for
                                Warrenton. As a consequence the non-profit Warrenton Trails
                                Association (WTA) undertook to carry out the work in
                                partnership with the city and with the aid of the technical

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Image 3: Fort to Sea Trail
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assistance provided by the National Park Service Rivers & Trails program.

The planning team spent many hours discussing current problems and possible opportunities for
the Warrenton trail system. The results of these discussions, along with public input, led to an
outline of issues goals, and objectives, as well as a list of potential projects. The Talkin’ Trails
Workshop (May 18, 2006) was used to translate goals and objectives into actions that might be
taken on the ground, or things that might be done by the City of Warrenton to facilitate
implementation of ideas in the plan. The notes from this meeting are found in [Appendix C].
Forty-two people attended including many community leaders.

A follow-up meeting was held at City Hall on August 29, 2006 to ratify the direction for the trail
plan [Appendix D]. There were no changes to the documents and maps presented.

WTA met on the following occasions to develop the draft plan: Nov 14, 2006, Dec 5, 2006, Jan
17, 2007, and February 23, 2007.


R EGIONAL E CONOMIC B ACKGROUND

                                 The economic background of Warrenton closely reflects Clatsop
                                 County's. The rural economy has been highly dependent on its
                                 natural resource base. The 1970s were years of growth for most
                                 industries although recessions in 1970 and 1974-75 were felt by
                                 businesses and residents. Continued growth late in the decade
                                 was fueled by high inflation rates that encouraged excessive
Image 4: Fishing Gear            consumer spending.

When the inflationary demand ended in the early 1980s, Warrenton and the county entered the
worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. The lumber and wood products industry
felt the downturn first, and was hardest hit by layoffs and plant closures.

The seafood processing industry also experienced major employment losses. Diminished fish
stocks, foreign competition, obsolete plants and equipment, and higher operating costs resulted
in the closure of major plants in the area. Economic conditions improved gradually from the
mid-1980s into the early 1990s, but broad economic figures masked a striking transition in the
nature of employment growth. The shift was away from employment in natural resource
extraction and processing, and toward employment in retail trade and services. This transition
was fueled both by increases in tourism and retirees, and by the modernization of mills to reduce
labor costs and improve competitiveness. Only one third of the county's net earnings in 1991
came from timber, commercial fishing, paper, or agriculture.




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Current Economy
(Source: NOAA website)

Fishing, lumber, agriculture, and food production rank among the largest industries in Clatsop
County, although retail ranks among the largest economic sectors in Warrenton itself. The five
largest public and private employers in Warrenton in 2004 were:
Fred Mayer (retail; 220 employees),
Weyerhaeuser Co. (lumber; 155 employees),
Pacific Coast Seafoods Co. (fish processing; 125 employees),
Warrenton School District (education; 100 employees),
Costco (retail; 120 employees).

According to the 2000 U.S. Census natural resource jobs including agriculture, forestry, fishing,
and hunting employed a small percentage of the population (3.4%). However, this is not
inclusive of the self employed population, many of whom may be involved in the fishing
industry. At the time of the 2000 U.S. Census, 14.2% of the employed civilian population 16
years of age and over was employed within local, state, or federal governments. The main
employment sectors were “education, health, and social services (19.3%)” and “retail (18.6%).”

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 62.1% of the potential labor force was employed and there
was a 3.5% unemployment rate (calculated by dividing the unemployed population by the labor
force) in Warrenton in 2000. A total of 35.6% of the population over 16 years of age were not in
the labor force as compared to the national average of 36.1% for the same year.

The 2000 U.S. Census reports that in 1999 the income of 14.2% of the population was below the
poverty level. The median household income in 1999 was $33,472 and the per capita income was
$16,874, according to the 2000 U.S. Census.

In 2000 there were a total of 1799 housing units in Warrenton, 90.1% of which were occupied.
Of the occupied housing units, 65.3% and 34.7% were owner and renter occupied respectively.
Of the vacant housing units, 29.8% were for seasonal, recreational or occasional use.


Fort Stevens & Fort Clatsop
(Source: State & NPS websites)

Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks are comprised of 1,824 acres in Washington
and 1,421 acres in Oregon (NPS). In June, 2006, the National Park Service released findings
estimating the 2005 economic benefit of the park to the region at $15 million.

Fort Stevens was the primary military defense installation in the three fort Harbor Defense
System at the mouth of the Columbia River (Forts Canby and Columbia in Washington were the
other two). The fort served for 84 years, beginning with the Civil War and closing at the end of
World War II. Today, Fort Stevens has grown into a 3,700 acre park offering exploration of
history, nature, and recreational opportunities.


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Annual visitation to Fort Stevens State Park overall is about 1.4 million, including about 150,000
to the fort site, 350,000 to the campgrounds and 900,000 to other day use areas in the park. Some
of the campers are counted more than once as they also visit the fort and other day use areas

                                     ODFW currently leases park property on Trestle Bay west of
                                     Swash Lake for waterfowl hunting. OPRD will work with
                                     ODFW to determine whether placement of hunting blinds is
                                     needed to help manage waterfowl hunting and enhance the
                                     hunting experience. If needed, OPRD will allow ODFW to place
                                     and manage up to 6 hunting blinds along the south shore of
                                     Trestle Bay west of Swash Lake. The blinds could be available
                                     for use by birders outside of the waterfowl hunting season. The
                                     blinds would have trail access only (source: Fort Stevens Master
                                     Plan).

                                       Fort Clatsop was the winter encampment for the Corps of
                                       Discovery from December 1805 to March 1806. The visitor
                                       center includes a replica of Fort Clatsop built by the explorers,
    Image 5: Mike Stein opens the gate an interpretive center offering an exhibit hall, gift shop and an
    to Fort Stevens for Richard
    Johnson of WTA
                                       orientation film. The center features ranger-led programs, re-
                                       enactments in the fort and trailheads for the Fort to Sea Trail and
                                                                                   H                   H




H   Netul River Trail as well as restrooms and a picnic area.
                       H




F EATURES         OF       W ARRENTON   AND ITS    W ATERFRONT

                                     The City of Warrenton is the northwestern most city in the state
                                     of Oregon and at the mouth of the Columbia River. Although it
                                     has a small population (4310, U.S. Census 2005), Warrenton is
                                     geographically the fourth largest city in the state and its
                                     population has increased 61% since 1990.

                                     Geographically, Warrenton is comprised largely of diked
                                     wetlands intermixed with dune ridges and other uplands. It is
                                     bordered on three sides by major water bodies: the Pacific Ocean
                                     shore to the west; the Columbia River and its main navigation
                                     channel on the north; and Youngs Bay, an arm of the Columbia
                                     River estuary and the Lewis and Clark River on the east.
    Image 6: Warren Mansion          Bisecting the city north to south is the Skipanon River waterway,
                                     a small but economically important tributary of the Columbia.

The area encompasses 16.7 square miles of land (10,688 acres) and 4.4 square miles of water
(Source: NOAA).




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History and Cultural
                                Trails can connect residents and visitors to historical sites, and
                                bring people together for cultural activities and common
                                friendship. Trail resources, like interpretive displays and
                                programs and promotional literature can build awareness about
                                the region's history and cultural traditions.

                                  Some of the important sites in and around Warrenton:
                                  Lighthouse Park Interpretive Center, [the planned] Monument at
                                  Confederate Tribes Signing site, historically significant Warren
                                  Mansion, Lewis & Clark Interpretive Center at Eben H.
                                  Carruthers Memorial Park, Seafarers Park with the Coast Guard
                                  Memorial, Fort Stevens State Park Museum and Interpretive
                                  Center, World War I & II Batteries and the historic marker
                                  commemorating the only Japanese shells to land on US
Image 7: WWII Sub Shelling Marker
                                  Mainland during World War II, Peter Iredale Wreck, Smith
Mission site on Ridge Road, Camp Kiwanilong Arboretum, Swash Lake wildlife viewing
platform, Hammond Mooring Basin, Skipanon Waterway and Harbor, views of the Columbia
River & Pacific Ocean, ocean beach access, South Jetty and sand dunes, Neacoxie River, Lewis
& Clark River, Coffenbury Lake, Slim Schrager Memorial Trail, Fort Clatsop, and Camp Rilea.
Segments of the trail will follow the dikes and old railroad beds.


Youngs Bay
This area extends from the US Highway 101 Youngs Bay Bridge west to the mouth of the
Skipanon River. Most of the land in this area is vacant and undeveloped, with small pockets of
freshwater wetland and dredged material disposal sites inside the dikes prevent flooding of low-
lying lands. Restrictive zoning (i.e. Aquatic Natural) along the estuary assures the protection of
significant fish and wildlife habitats and provides for continued biological productivity and
scientific research and educational needs. These natural areas include tidal marshes, tide flats,
and algae beds. The mean tidal range in Youngs Bay is about eight feet.

The area south of the dikes within this sub-area, and bordered by Harbor Drive, is also vacant.
Part of this section is zoned commercial and part is zoned for uses permitted under the Skipanon
East Bank Mediated Agreement (SEBMA). That area included in the SEBMA agreement
specifies appropriate types of large-scale water-dependent industrial uses that are permitted. The
agreement protects the sensitive nature of the estuary by limiting those uses that would destroy
the natural aquatic functions of the estuary.




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Skipanon River

                                  The Skipanon River and its shorelines are home to some of the
                                  principal industrial and commercial areas of the city; economic
                                  activity includes a lumber mill and wood chip operation and
                                  associated barge facility (Weyerhaeuser), a fish processor
                                  (Pacific Coast Seafoods), the city-owned and operated
                                  Warrenton Boat Basin (commercial fishing, charter, and
                                  recreational moorage), private moorage at the Skipanon Marina,
                                  a fish market, commercial boat repair yard, and charter fishing
                                  boat operations. Historically, the Skipanon area is where the
                                  city first developed. The Warren House, the restored home of
                                  the city's founder and built in the late 1800s, sits on the west
                                  bank of the Skipanon. The Skipanon River also has an
                                  anadramous salmon fish run, many other marine and estuarine

Image 8: Mayor Gramson opens      species, and is an important resident and migratory bird habitat.
the Skipanon River Park in 2005
The Skipanon River channel has been widened and deepened, several tributary sloughs closed
off, and the east and west peninsulas created by fill during the late 1920s-1930s. The channel is
maintained at a depth of between 14 and 20 feet by hopper dredge. The east bank of the
Skipanon with the exception of the boat basin and associated businesses consists mostly of
vacant land owned by the city, the Port of Astoria and the State of Oregon. Downtown
Warrenton which includes public buildings, a few businesses, and residential areas, is located on
the west bank of the Skipanon just upstream from the boat basin. The highway running directly
through downtown is one of the two principal routes to Fort Stevens State Park and the
Hammond mooring basin, the principal launch point for thousands of recreational boaters who
participate in the popular Columbia River “Buoy 10” salmon fishery each summer.


Warrenton Boat Basin


                              This area has a diversity of uses and activities, including a
                              working waterfront, recreational boat use (sailing, fishing, and
                              general pleasure craft), marine support businesses, parking, and
                              public facilities. Some of these uses and activities require
                              separation from the visiting public, but there is potential for
Image 9: Skipanon harbor      integrating public access using fenced-off boardwalks, elevated
                              viewing areas, and interpretation; this is particularly true for the
commercial trawl fisheries moorage, staging, and loading areas.




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Tansy Point/Alder Cove

                                This area includes the Columbia River and its beachfront at
                                Tansy Point and the wetlands of Alder Cove and Tansy Creek.
                                Along the Columbia River, the shorelines include a developed
                                park (Carruthers) and Warrenton Fiber Company's log storage,
                                handling, and chipping operation. There are also some areas of
                                low density residential and recreational development, and
                                sewage treatment ponds, but much of the shoreline is
                                undeveloped. East of Alder Cove is the west bank of the
Image 10: Turn-around at Tansy  Skipanon, dominated by the Weyerhaeuser lumber mill. Other
Point.                          human use of Alder Cove is minimal and the wetlands there are
heavily used by birds and wildlife. The Port of Astoria owns tidelands outside the dike on the
south and west sides.


Hammond

                                Hammond merged with Warrenton in 1991. Principal waterfront
                                features include the Hammond Boat Basin, Seafarers Park, the
                                beach, and adjacent deep waters of the Columbia shipping
                                channel. Erosion is a severe problem just east of the boat basin,
                                but the remainder of the shoreline east to Tansy Point is
                                riprapped. Naturally occurring deep water in this river reach (up
                                to 60 feet) is moving closer to shore, but there is a severe
                                shoaling problem in the mooring basin.
Image 11: Hammond Mooring
Basin View                     Land ownership is a mixture of private, corporate and federal.
Residential, commercial, industrial and recreational uses coexist along this waterfront. The main
commercial area is located several blocks south of the mooring basin.




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SCORP - S TATEWIDE C OMPREHENSIVE O UTDOOR R ECREATION P LAN

(Source: Clatsop County Parks & Recreation Master Plan – 2006)

                                In 2002, the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department completed
                                a Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP)
                                2003-2007 for Oregon. The outdoor recreation habits of 4,400
                                Oregonians and 800 residents from California, Washington and
                                Idaho were surveyed in this study. The plan constitutes Oregon‟s
                                basic five-year strategy for outdoor recreation. It provides the
                                state with up-to-date regional information and planning tool
                                serving as the basis by which all Oregon recreation providers
Image 12: Muddy hiking boots    (state, federal, local and private) are able to:
Catalogue and rank their recreation needs.
Obtain funding through partnerships and grants.
Clarify their respective roles.

The completion of the SCORP report allowed the state to maintain its eligibility to participate in
the federal Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF). (The state has received approximately
$235 million from the fund during the last 40 years.) To allocate LWCF monies in an objective
manner, a set of Open Project Selection Process criteria were developed during the 2003-2007
Oregon SCORP planning process. The Oregon Parks & Recreation Department uses these
criteria to evaluate statewide LWCF grant proposals.

Regional recreational trends and issues reported by recreational providers in SCORP have
implications for Warrenton. For example:

Recreational providers consistently report that the recreational infrastructure in Oregon is aging
and needs rehabilitation. Recommendation was made to focus rehabilitation priorities on sites
and facilities that satisfy current recreational need and ensure long-term performance.

The public is asking land managers to place more emphasis on preserving existing vegetative
communities and wildlife habitat systems. People want quiet, natural places where they can go to
recreate and renew.

Information and education are in greater demand.

People are taking shorter trips closer to home due to less disposable leisure time. The increase in
gas prices since SCORP was adopted has also reinforced the desire to limit travel by visiting
nearby destinations.

There is an increased emphasis on regional recreation planning. Rural communities are
becoming more interested in collaborating with managers and recreation providers with the aim
of diversifying their economies, while maintaining their quality-of-life values.



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Recreation providers report a significant increase in water-based recreation activities. The latest
non-motorized boating numbers for Oregon state show a 138% increase from 1987 to 2002.
Recreational trails are important to Oregonians. The growing number of diverse land and water
trail users requires planning to provide additional trail facilities including inter-connected
opportunities where appropriate.


SCORP examined and presented the recreation utilization data collected in a variety of ways:


Recreation Activity: Statewide
Table 1 below shows the percent of Oregon‟s population that participates in various recreational
activities. Nearly three out of four Oregon households surveyed participate in some type of
outdoor activity:

Table 1 – Participation Rate by Activity




Table 2 below lists the ten most popular recreational activities of Oregon residents.


                 Activity                               Estimated Annual
                                                        User Days* (Millions)
                 1. Running/Walking for Exercise        49.2
                 2. Walking for Pleasure                47.7
                 3. Bird watching                       18.7
                 4. Nature/Wildlife Observation         17.6
                 5. Sightseeing/Driving for Pleasure    12.3

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                 6. RV/Trailer Camping                           11.0
                 7. Golf                                         9.6
                 8. Using Park Playground
                                                                 8.8
                 Equipment
                 9. Bicycling                                    7.4
                 10. Ocean Beach Activities                      6.0

* A user day is one instance of participation in a single outdoor recreation activity by one person.




Recreational Activity: Residents within the Region
In its study of recreation trends, SCORP divided the state into 11 planning regions. Region 1
consists of Clatsop, Tillamook and Lincoln counties, and approximately 1/5 of Lane County (the
coastal portion). While it includes an area larger than Clatsop County, the Region 1 findings
provide insight into types of recreation taking place in the north coastal region. Table 3 below
shows the percentage of Region 1 residents who participate in the 11 most popular recreational
activities.


Table 3 – Percentage of Region 1 Participating in Recreational Activities (11 most popular)

                   Sightseeing/driving for pleasure                44%
                   Walking for pleasure                            41%
                   Beach activities                                36%
                   Visiting cultural/historic sites                31%
                   Running/walking for exercise                    30%
                   Nature/wildlife observation                     29%
                   Collecting (rocks, plants, mushrooms, etc.)     28%
                   Picnicking                                      24%
                   Fishing from a boat                             24%
                   Bird watching                                   22%
                   Fishing from shore                              21%




Recreational Activity Trends: Estimated Demand by Destination Region

SCORP estimated the demand for 30 recreational activities in 2002 compared to demand in
1987. These data are expressed as user occasions for the destination regions, in contrast to
the home regions of the respondents reported above. Table 4 gives these data for Region 1:

Table 4 – Changes in Recreation Participation in Region 1 (1987-2002)




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SCORP Table 4.6


                                                                                   %
                                               1987        2002        Change      Change
                                               User        User        1987-       1987-
Recreation Activity Types                      Occas.      Occas.      2002        2002
Trail & Off-Trail Activities
Day Hiking                                     550,399     993,897     443,498     80.6%
Horseback Riding                               107,989     150,428     42,439      39.3%
Backpacking                                    179,571     56,301      -123,270    -68.6%
Motorized Activities
Four Wheel Driving                             340,808     353,381     12,573      3.7%
ATV Riding (3 & 4 Wheeler)                     474,464     578,267     103,803     21.9%
Motorcycling                                   144,948     163,630*    18,682      12.9%
Snowmobiling                                   0           0           0           0.0%
Dune Buggy Driving                             9,676       48,964*     39,288      406.0%
Snow Related Activities
Downhill Skiing                                0           0           0           -
Sledding or General Snowplay                   0           5,388       5,388       -
Fishing Activities
Fishing From a Boat                            1,189,028 1,198,193 9,165           0.8%
Boating Activities
Power Boating (Ocean, Lake & River)            917,262     461,059     -456,203    -49.7%
Water Skiing or other Towing Sports            68,162      8,379*      -59,783     -87.7%
Non-Motorized Boating (Ocean, Lake & River)    549,767     298,694     -251,073    -45.7%
                                                                                   -
Sailing                                        20,254      0           -20,254
                                                                                   100.0%
Windsurfing                                    8,310       64,647*     56,337      677.9%
Swimming & Beach Activities
Swimming in an Outdoor Pool                    398,602   630,151   231,549   58.1%
Beach Activities Including Swimming (Fresh &   3,306,923 6,041,082 2,734,159 82.7%
Salt)
Nature Study Activities
Nature/Wildlife Observation                    1,417,282 1,797,447 380,165         26.8%
Outdoor Photography                            1,297,541 460,141   -837,400        -64.5%
Hunting Activities
Big Game Hunting (Rifle)                       475,203     250,611     -224,592    -47.3%
Hunting: Waterfowl, upland birds & small
                                               19,958      70,142      50,184      251.4%
game
Big Game Hunting (Bow)                         25,402      25,144      -258        -1.0%
Camping Activities
RV/Trailer Camping                             1,994,422   3,728,795   1,734,373   87.0%
Car Camping with a Tent                        729,796     348,762     -381,034    -52.2%
Boat Camping                                   44,672      190,546     145,874     326.5%
Horseback Camping                              47,862      42,899*     -4,963      -10.4%
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Picnicking & Sightseeing Activities
Sightseeing/Driving for Pleasure                  3,119,456 2,410,370 -709,086          -22.7%
Picnicking                                        1,358,640 637,321   -721,319          -53.1%
Train or Bus Touring                              38,058    10,350    -27,708           -72.8%

*Fewer than 10 observations


The Clatsop County Recreational Lands Master Plan Task Force had concerns about a few of the
levels of change reported in this table, specifically “Fishing from a Boat” (0.8% increase) and
“Non-motorized Boating” (45.7% decrease). After consultation with OPRD staff, the Task Force
decided that the statewide figures for these activities (44.3% increase and 137.9% increase) were
more representative of these activities in Clatsop County. In addition, no mention was made of
surfing, which is a popular activity but was not represented in the survey. SCORP combined the
demand estimates with an outdoor supply capacity for each region to develop facility needs.
Based on this analysis, SCORP states that the most significant growth in recreation in our region
(1987-2002) has been as follows:


Table 5 – Most Significant Participation Growth

                                                          % Growth
Rank     Growth Activity                   Growth in
                                                          in
                                           User           User
                                           Occasions      Occasions
                                           1987 - 2002    1987 - 2002
1       Beach Activities Including         +2,734,159     +83%
        Swimming (Fresh & Salt)
2       RV/Trailer Camping                 +1,734,374     +87%
3       Golf                               +670,115       +129%
4       Day Hiking                         +443,897       +81%
5       Using Playground Equipment         +219,386       +95%
Activities in Region 1 SCORP Table 4.7

Based on the Demand and Need Analysis, Region 1 is said to have current peak use exceeding
supply in golf, hiking trails and fishing from a dock or pier (SCORP, p. J-9). This demand
exceeding supply is projected to continue for the same activities in 2007.


LWCF Priorities

    1.   Statewide SCORP issues were identified (SCORP p. J-5):
    2.   Major rehabilitation of existing outdoor facilities
    3.   Recreational trails/trail connectivity
    4.   Land acquisition
    5.   Ball fields
    6.   Water-based recreational resources and facilities

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SCORP has set the top three Region 1 priorities for LWCF funds
  1. Funding for additional camping facilities
  2. Funding for new and rehabilitated river access facilities
  3. Funding for additional recreation trails (non-motorized)

Projects that address these regional and statewide issues will be given additional priority points
in LWCF funding requests. [Note: Later in the report, it will be shown that the Task Force
recommendations address all three of the regional issues and all but one of the state issues (i.e.,
ball fields).]


Role of City Parks and Recreation Departments

SCORP carefully delineates the roles of the various public providers of recreation. It describes
the provider‟s current role and how the role may change by 2007 due to a variety of pressures.


Municipal/Special Districts

Because of population densities and the lack of large open space areas and resource-based
recreation opportunities, municipal recreation systems tend to concentrate on providing more
intensive, user-oriented facilities that require relatively little space. However, some
municipalities and Special Districts also administer land acquisition programs or levy special
taxes or fees for parks and have assumed some responsibility for providing resource-based
recreation (e.g. West Linn and the City of Portland).

Municipalities typically provide recreation facilities in or near urban areas for local residents.
Urban parks also serve to satisfy visual open space needs and help to define the character of the
city. Local recreation providers tend to be more heavily involved in recreation and leisure
programming to address a wider variety of public leisure needs. All municipal recreation
providers, large or small, are faced with the task of providing their citizens the full range of
recreational opportunities. The type of areas and facilities acquired, developed, and operated may
be diverse, including not only multi-purpose parks, playgrounds, community centers, sports
fields and courts, and swimming pools, but also facilities for performing arts, golf, ice skating,
camping, and the enjoyment of nature. Marinas, zoos, aquariums, gardens, museums, and
galleries, libraries, and cemeteries may also be provided.

Programs may include team sports (softball, baseball, basketball, volleyball, soccer and football);
individual sports (tennis, golf, aerobics, swimming, and gymnastics); outdoor recreation
(picnicking, boating, fishing, hunting, skiing, swimming, biking, walking/hiking, and nature
study); summer recreation programs and camps; before-school and after-school programs;
instructional classes (arts and crafts, music, dancing, drama, and martial arts); concerts, cultural
exhibits; special events; and special programs for people with disabilities. [Bold emphasis
added]




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Demand for Trails Today and Projected

Trails are an important component of any recreation plan. They are the physical manifestation of
the “connectivity” we envision for our parks and adjacent areas. The demand for trails in Clatsop
County and the state is intense and worthy of special attention. One need only look at the miles
of user-created trails, often crossing ownership boundaries, to recognize that the public is serious
about blazing new trails and taking ownership of its trails.

In its publication (Creating Connections: The Oregon Recreational Trails How-To Manual,
May 2004), the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department (OPRD) reviews some of the many
benefits of trails and greenways. The state‟s “How-To Manual” divides its discussion between
land trails, both motorized and non-motorized, and water trails. Demand and utilization data for
each category of trail are addressed below along with critical state and regional trail issues.


Non-Motorized Land Trails

The 2002 SCORP showed “running/walking for exercise” and “walking for pleasure” ranked
number one and two in the statewide user days survey, far ahead of their nearest competitor,
“bird watching” (SCORP Table 3-3, pp. 3-7 through 3-9). Also according to the state survey,
day hiking in our region has experienced an 80.6% increase in user occasions between 1987 and
2002. Horseback riding has increased 39.3% in our region; approximately 6.2% of the population
participates in this recreational activity.

As cited on page 31, SCORP 2003-2007 gives one of its top three Region 1 funding priorities to
additional non-motorized recreation trails. SCORP (p. 5-4) cites the need for:

Additional recreation trails near populated areas. This includes acquisition of land or easements
for trails and trail connections.
Off-road bicycle trails in the Coast Range and along the coast, and opportunities for equestrian
use.
Longer trails for multiple-night backpacking trips.

In addition, OPRD has also identified the following top statewide nonmotorized trail issues:

Need for trail connectivity within the region providing access from urban to rural trails,
connections between public facilities, parks and open space and connections from state and
regional trails to community trails.
Need for additional non-motorized trails (for all user types) – especially in close proximity to
where people live.
Need for additional funding for non-motorized trail acquisition and development.

Potential strategies include allocating a certain portion of state lottery funds; acquisitions of fee
title, easements and land exchanges; and ways to allow users to pay for trail facilities and
services. (Oregon Trails 2005-2014: Non-Motorized Trails, OPRD, February 2005) It is
important to recognize that OPRD staff use compliance with the above issues and priorities when
evaluating grant applications.
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Motorized Land Trails
According to SCORP 2002 survey data, Region 1 had a slight (3.7%) increase in four-wheel
driving since 1988, and a 22% increase in ATV (all-terrain vehicle) riding. When user occasions
for these two activities are combined, they almost equal user occasions for day hiking.

In OPRD‟s Oregon Trails 2005-2014: Motorized Trails Plan, three major statewide issues are
identified:

Need for new trails/managed riding areas, including:
Additional public and privately owned OHV (off highway vehicle) recreational areas.
Greater emphasis on developing OHV riding opportunities on private and local government land.
Additional OHV opportunities in reasonably close proximity to communities and urban areas.
Increased diversity of OHV opportunities.

Need for regional interagency coordination/cooperation in trail planning and management,
including:
Development of a regional approach to motorized trail planning.
Standardized statewide OHV management practices.

Need for user education/training (regulatory and safety information) as a means of reducing the
number of personal injury accidents involving recreational OHV use. [Note: These goals and
objectives are developed in greater detail on pages 47-54 in the above-mentioned publication.]



Water Trails

                                 The publication, Oregon Trails 2005-2014: Water Trails Plan
                                 (OPRD, February 2005), provides this description of water trails:

                                Water trails (like other recreational trails) are corridors between
                                specific locations on a lake, river or ocean. Water trails are
                                primarily designed for small watercraft such as canoes, sea and
                                whitewater kayaks, rafts and drift boats. Necessary water trail
                                facilities include a safe place for the public to put in, parking,
Image 13: Natul Landing         restrooms, a safe place to take out, and in some cases day-use
sites and overnight campsites. Water trails …. emphasize low-impact use and encourage
stewardship of the resource.

This same report noted the growing interest in water trails throughout the state. According to
SCORP, power boating has remained at a relatively static level between 1987 and 2002,
whereas, nonmotorized boating activities have increased 138% during the same period. The
SCORP report also established the following Region 1 funding priority:

Funding priority for new river access facilities and rehabilitation of existing river access facilities
There is a lack of developed river access facilities for angling, swimming, kayaking and
canoeing.

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In addition, there is a need for rehabilitation of existing river access facilities. (SCORP, 5-4)
Oregon Trails 2005-2014: Water Trails Plan lists the following statewide water trail issues:

      Need to address conflicts between non-motorized boaters and waterfront property
       owners.
      Need for public access to waterways.
      Need for adequate and consistent information resources including signs, maps, level of
       difficulty and water level information, and available paddling information.
      Need for safety-related information, user education and outreach.
      Need for a dedicated funding source for water trail development.
      Need for information describing the social and economic benefits of water trails (pp. 10-
       11).




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G OALS & A CTIONS

Based on the public input, review of other plans, and external studies and data, the following
goals were formulated to guide development in Warrenton toward achievement of the trail
system vision.

I   Walking from one part of the city to any other for shopping, recreation and work will be safe,
    and enjoyable.
    a. When making land-use decisions, the City shall factor in existing and proposed segments
       of the trail system, ensuring that opportunities for access are not lost.
           i.   Encourage pubic-access and connections to other trails in new and existing
                developments.
          ii. At a minimum the city shall not permit impediments to free travel along
                designated or established public trails except for reasons of public safety.
         iii. Maintain up-to-date trail plans and maps.
         iv.    Work to verify land ownership, identify easements and other restrictions, and
                acquire or resolve related legal issues as needed
    b. Formally recognize all the trails, loops, and spurs in this plan and zone them as Parks.
    c. Connect recreational destinations and parks within and adjacent to the city.
    d. Work with regional entities to encourage, support and enhance connections to create a
       larger system of systems.

II Encourage healthy living
   a. Promote and encourage events on the trails.
   b. Encourage trail use by schools for science education and athletic training.
   c. Enhance access for people with disabilities.
   d. Partner with local groups such as bird watchers.


III Maintain a safe, enjoyable public trail experience
    a. Properly sign and maintain trails, including the creation of interpretive signage.
    b. Maintain and enhance views and scenery.
    c. Use vegetation or other methods to screen the trail for aesthetic or privacy reasons.
    d. Consider placing public art along the trail.
    e. Manage potential shared-use conflicts such. (e.g. speeding bicycles, motorized vehicles)
    f. Partner with local groups to help with trail maintenance and patrolling.
    g. Make trail users, in particular in-water users, aware of potential dangers.

IV Create an economic asset with complementary recreation and educational use
   a. Encourage services for bicyclists, walkers, bird watchers and other users such as bike and
      other equipment rentals, repair services, food and refreshments.
   b. Market the waterfront access and trails system as a recreational resource to both residents
      and visitors.
   c. Sponsor or endorse foot races along the trails as part of a festival such as the Buoy 10
      Brewfest.


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   d. Pursue financing options for proposed site improvements, focusing on public grant
      opportunities and volunteer efforts.
   e. Underwrite insurance for events if needed.
   f. Assign trail oversight to the Warrenton Parks Advisory Board. Consider renaming it the
      Parks & Trails Advisory Board.
   g. Create a timeline for implementation of this plan.




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S PECIFIC P UBLIC A CCESS & T RAILS I MPROVEMENTS




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Tsunami Evacuation Routes

                Local trails could provide alternative safety routes for people to follow if local
                infrastructure is damaged by a pre-tsunami earthquake. There are two types of
                Tsunamis or Tidal Waves that can affect the citizens of Warrenton and
                surrounding coastal areas:

Those caused by large undersea earthquakes in other areas of the Pacific, maybe as far away as
Japan, which give rise to severe wave action which could take several hours to reach our coast.
They would normally be identified and evaluated several hours before reaching our coast so
timely warnings can be given to the citizenry if there is a need to evacuate.

Severe local undersea earthquakes taking place just off our coast. These can come on shore
within 25 to 35 minutes – before there is time for a warning by local authorities. Severe ground
shaking may be the only warning you have. Evacuate quickly to higher ground and away from
low lying coastal areas.

The City has published the Warrenton Tsunami Evacuation Map [Appendix E] showing possible
evacuation routes from various parts of the city, including Fort Stevens, and the location of two
principal assembly areas where help should be available in case of a disaster – the soccer fields
on Ridge Road and the Oregon Youth Authority off Highway 101-Business (shown on the Map
as Warrenton-Astoria Highway).

The map also shows the location of the higher ground and the suggested evacuation routes to be
along established roads. In many cases this could be the quickest and most convenient route to
take to reach higher ground. However, in the case of locally caused tsunamis, the severity of the
earthquake could well cause damage to roads, bridges and culverts plus fallen trees could
combine to make the roads impassible.

In that case, the establishment of local trails would provide alternative safety routes for people to
follow.

Some of those would include the following:


Old Hammond Post Office Trail

Hammond Post Office to the end of Iredale Street and then turn right onto a wooded dirt trail
until it forks. The right fork will lead eventually to Lake Drive which will lead into Ridge Road.
The left fork will lead to the KOA Campground and onward on Ridge Road to the Soccer Fields.

Both the above alternative trails are relatively flat with a gradual rise to higher ground. There are
trees fallen across the trail but these would not impede pedestrians. They would have to be
cleared for wheeled traffic to transit.




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Other Possible Tsunami Evacuation Routes

This plan acknowledges that during a major earthquake and tsunami event that the usual tsunami
evacuation routes (roadways and bridges) may be impassable with travel on foot recommended.
We offer consideration of the following pedestrian routes that will require further development
and planning:


Platted 11th Avenue
This route follows platted and undeveloped 11th Street and could serve as an evacuation pathway
from the areas west of Alder Creek to evacuate to the soccer fields assembly area. The current
status of this route traverses farms, fences, gates, wetlands and the KOA properties at the west
end of this route are significant considerations and challenges to maintaining an open trail to the
assembly area.

PreMarq Center to North Coast Industrial Park
The shopping center area is very populous during business hours and signage indicating a
roadway shoulder route to the North Coast (Industrial) Business Park assembly area is needed.
The suggested route would currently direct people to Marlin Ave. and then to Hwy 105 (old 101)
and the entrance to the North Coast assembly area. Other routes could be established as business
and housing developments are planned for this area. Planning to preserve these trail corridors is
recommended.

2nd Place, by Shag Lake, to Soccer Fields
This proposed route would allow people to utilize the trail from 2nd Place and Gardenia to travel
west and then around Shag Lake to the soccer fields assembly area. Private property and
considerations for trail construction and development are necessary for this proposed trail route.

Creekside Trail, Marlin Avenue and Dolphin Road
Significant development and rerouting of streets with business and housing are currently planned
for this area. As these developments are planned and constructed it is recommended that
preservation of a desired trail route from the housing and business to the assembly area be
established. Wetlands and a watershed drainage provide an opportunity to create parallel trail
routes. The North Coast Business Park assembly area is the expected site for citizens to
assemble from the area of the city east of the Skipanon River.


Implementation Actions
      Signage

      Formally establish the listed segments as official trails.

      Investigate status of platted 11th Avenue.




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Skipanon River Loop Trail

                                        This trail segment is primarily on the Skipanon dikes, all of
                                        which are owned and maintained by the City of Warrenton. The
                                        trail begins at the Skipanon River Park on 3rd Street, heading
                                        west to S. Main Avenue, then turning south on Main to S.E. 8th
                                        Street, then east on 8th Street to the dike on the east side of the
                                        Skipanon River. From here, the trail follows the dike north to
                                        Galena Avenue then along the dike parallel to E. Harbor Dr. and
                                        then under the East Harbor Dr. Bridge at the Warrenton Boat
                                        basin. We cross the Skipanon River at the Bridge and return to
Image 14: East Harbor Dr. bridge
underpass trail                         3rd Street along the River Trail under the west side of the bridge.
                                        The west side of the Skipanon has some obstacles where public
                          th Street
access is impaired at 4             , hence the jog along S Main Avenue. Privacy and security of
adjacent landowners may be an issue at some sites along the dike and walkers will be encouraged
to stay on the trail. The east bank is primarily a wooded natural area. An alternate route follows
the east bank Skipanon dike from the old Hwy 101 bridge to the Warrenton Marina. These dike
routes take us past islands, wetlands, the Skipanon Cannery and provide wildlife viewing
opportunities in the heart of Warrenton.


Implementation Actions

       Complete the trail under the East Harbor Drive bridge.

       Research land use and access to the dike on the west bank south of 3rd Street to
        determine the feasibility of a full waterfront route along the west bank.

       Design and build a multi-use path along both sides of the dike following the above route
        as much as possible.

       Identify particularly scenic spots and build simple benches for walkers to rest and view
        wildlife and boaters; consider vandalism potential.




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Skipanon River Park
Located along the Skipanon River adjacent to downtown and between 2nd and 3rd Streets, this
park will be a major feature and anchor for the Warrenton public access and trails system. The
park was completed in 2005 by the City of Warrenton using a 306A grant. The park serves as a
trailhead. From this point trail users should be able to choose to do the short loop, or head out to
any point on the compass to connect to the extended system.


Implementation Actions

      Complete or remove pedestrian ramp at the foot of 2nd Street

      Install a trailhead kiosk with trail information.


Skipanon River Water Trail

The Skipanon River, from the 2nd Street small craft launch ramp features flat navigable waters
that flow through residential and natural landscapes with a portage required over the 8th Street
Dam to travel upstream. From the 2nd Street dock one can also paddle downstream to the
commercial and recreational Harbor area with vistas of boat yards, the Warren Mansion and
ocean going vessels.
With planning the tides can facilitate an upstream or downstream paddle trip past islands,
commercial fish processing plants, old growth Sitka Spruce and connect to a proposed landing at
the Fort to Sea Trail Bridge over the Skipanon. Traveling upstream from the 8th Street Dam the
Skipanon takes lazy turns through town passing under old Hwy 101, past the Warrenton High
School Fish Hatchery and then through old growth sitka forested shores and wetlands.


Implementation Actions

      Design and build a portage over the 8th Street dam.

      Identify other public access sites on the river that could feature a dock, ramp, landing or
       steps for a public small craft access point. (possible sites at Perkins Lane Bridge or the
       Fort to Sea Bridge).

      Design and build public access points for small craft.

      Design and post boater info signage.

      Create a water trail informational brochure and map.




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Harbor Street Bridge Crossing

To connect the downtown and west bank of the Skipanon with the Warrenton Boat Basin one
must cross the East Harbor Street Bridge. The bridge has wide traffic lanes and a pedestrian
"shoulder" is marked on the north and south sides. A pedestrian bridge or attached walkway has
been proposed.


Implementation Actions

       Research potential pedestrian/bicycle crossing improvements with the ODOT and city.

       Design and build a viewing platform with commercial fishery interpretation at an
        appropriate location between the recreational and commercial moorages; provide nearby
        parking for visitors.



Warrenton Waterfront Trail

Lighthouse Park to Tansy Point

                                 The Lighthouse Park is a feature of downtown Warrenton and is
                                 located at the junction of NE Skipanon Drive and NE Harbor
                                 Court. It fronts onto the main Hammond road, North Main
                                 Avenue (Hwy 104), at the four-way stop sign. Its construction
                                 was sponsored by the Fishermen‟s Benefit Fund and it serves as
                                 a memorial to fishermen who have lost their lives at sea. It is
                                 open to visitors during the summer months. It has an ample
                                 asphalt parking lot and a sign board showing the path of the trail
Image 15: Lighthouse Park       from the 2nd. Street Park to the Seafarer‟s Park located to the
                                West of Hammond Mooring Basin. It also features a gazebo,
lawn space, and benches and serves as a focal point for the city, linking the downtown to the
western and eastern sections of the waterfront trails system.

The 2004 Warrenton Transportation System Plan (pp. 2-35 to 2-36) refers to the Warrenton
Waterfront Trail in terms that suggests it is complete and functioning. In truth the trail is more
notional than actual.

From the Lighthouse Park one possible trail follows the shoulder of North Main Avenue (Hwy
104) and once past NE 1st.Street , enters a pleasant, tree and brush lined path following the old
railroad tracks crossing NE 5th. Street. At this point the trail moves through a wooded area to the
tide gate crossing at Alder Creek where one emerges from the woods to a sweeping and
magnificent view across the Columbia River to Astoria and Washington. From there it is only a
short distance to Tansy Point and NW 13th. Street.



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 This whole trail segment is bordered by native trees, shrubs and wild flowers, and it is home to
 many waterfowl, wading birds, raptors, songbirds, and other wildlife. Deer and other wildlife use
 the dike as a feeding and travel corridor.

 N.W. 13th Street is the southern boundary of the Warrenton Fiber Company's log handling
 facility at Tansy Point. Where the trail joins the road, there is a small turn-around, but no
 parking. The site features stunning vistas of the Columbia River estuary and has excellent
 potential for trailhead development. The nearby industrial area is very noisy with considerable
 truck traffic. The Tansy Point site is reported to be the location of a historic Indian treaty
 signing.




Image 16: One emerges from the woods to a sweeping and magnificent view across the Columbia River to Astoria and
Washington.



 Implementation Actions

        Design and seek funding for trail improvements, such as leveling and hard surfacing that
         will allow for bicycle passage and disabled access. (WTA is awaiting disbursement of an
         approved grant from Oregon State Parks and Recreation Department to surface this
         section of the trail and install signage, benches etc.)

        Inventory birds and wildlife at the site to determine actual potential for birding and
         nature-watching; utilize local Audubon Society or other birding experts. Mike Patterson
         is an excellent local resource.

        Develop a raised marsh walkway extending from the dike out into the marsh with bird
         blinds and wildlife and natural history interpretive exhibits, considering vandalism
         concerns. Develop a detailed site plan, make cost estimates, identify and seek funding,
         and construct.

        Market this site in brochures and other regional tourist information as one of the finest
         birding areas on the lower river that is easily accessed by visitors.
     

        Install warning signs about the dangers of swimming at Alder Cove.




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Tansy Point to E.H. Carruthers Park

This trail segment starts at Tansy Point and follows the shoulder of NW 13th Street, south to
Warrenton Drive where it proceeds west for a short distance to E.H.Carruthers Park. This trail
section is essentially a bypass around the log yard and has no amenities.


Implementation Actions

        Work with native peoples, Clatsop County Cultural Trust and the Oregon Cultural Trust
         to create a monument at Tansy Point.

        At the trailhead, provide interpretive brochures and other user information.

        Investigate aligning the trail with the turn-around.

        Work with the owners of the log sorting operation to enhance the visual appearance or
         provide screening of their facility.

        If the opportunity arises, acquire trail access along the river.


E.H. Carruthers Park

                                       This is one of three well-developed waterfront access points in
                                       Warrenton, with vehicle parking, restroom facilities, picnic areas
                                       and shelters, a waterfront viewing platform and a stable
                                       riprapped bank. The view here encompasses both the natural
                                       environments of the Columbia River plus the mountains and
                                       forests in Washington, Astoria and the Columbia River Bridge to
                                       the east, together with industrial and maritime activity, such as
                                       shipping and log handling and storage.
Image 17: Lewis & Clark
interpretive overlook at Carruthers.
                                  Caruthers Park is the site of a planned 0.8 acre, fenced, off-leash
dog park. The park was approved in August 2006 after a citizen group demonstrated substantial
local support. The park will feature the following: a double-gated entry, 4‟ to 6‟ high fence,
separate areas for different size dogs, potable water, dog refuse collection bags, waste bins,
benches, and posted rules and regulations.




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E.H. Carruthers Park to East Hammond Mooring Basin

                                  At Carruthers Park the trail joins the river bank and follows the
                                  riprapped dike westward for 6/10ths of a mile to Enterprise
                                  Street which it follows, turning westward on joining the
                                  shoulder of NW Warrenton Drive. On reaching Heceta Road the
                                  trail jogs to the right and left picking up Heceta Place northward.
                                  Passing the picturesque old Coast Guard Station to its right, it
                                  then continues through a wooded natural area to the Sand Beach
                                  at the Hammond Boat Basin eastern breakwater. This is an
                                  informal river beach access point, located in the sheltered lee of
                                  the breakwater It attracts families who fish from shore or picnic
                                  on the beach. There is an unimproved, sandy access road into the
Image 18: Old Coast Guard Station site. Because the beach drops off quickly offshore and is next to
the shipping channel, swimming here may be dangerous.


Implementation Actions

       Design and seek funding for trail improvements, such as leveling and hard surfacing that
        will allow for bicycle passage and disabled access. (WTA is awaiting for disbursement of
        an approved grant from Oregon State Parks and Recreation Department to surface a
        major portion of this section of the trail and install signage, benches etc.)

       Inventory birds and wildlife at the site to determine actual potential for birding and
        nature-watching; utilize local Audubon Society or other birding experts.



East Hammond Basin to Seafarers Park

                                 This trail segment links the east side of the Hammond Boat Basin
                                 to the west side, loosely following roads, going around the boat
                                 launching area, and following the shore and road to the west side
                                 parking area known as Seafarers Park. Because pedestrian access
                                 by the launching area is difficult and dangerous during busy use
                                 months, special attention will need to be given to this part of the
                                 trail.

Image 19: Seafarers Memorial   This site, bordered by Fort Stevens State Park, offers visual
access to the Columbia River for motorists, cyclists or pedestrians. The broad panorama includes
the Columbia River bar, ships passing by in the channel, and the Washington Cape
Disappointment shoreline and lighthouse across the river.




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Existing features include facilities at the marina, a gazebo used for summer band concerts, picnic
tables and benches, two small sandy beaches, an open grassy area, and a Seafarers Memorial
marker, dedicated to the Coast Guard crew of M/V Triumph lost at Peacock Spit.

From the Draft Hammond Marina Master Plan Update (September 2005):


The Hammond basin is under the ownership of the Army Corp of Engineers. It consists of about
36 acres of dry land and 25 acres of water area and includes Seafarers Park. The Federal
Government began leasing the basin to the Town of Hammond (now within the City of
Warrenton) in 1967 (DA lease No. DACW57-1-68-4, see Figure 3) which is continued on a 25
year renewable basis. The present lease will run well into the next decade (2013).

The Army Corp of Engineers must be informed of any changes or alterations to the leasehold.
Selection of concessionaires/vendors shall be in accordance with Corps policies. At this time all
income generated by the harbor must be spent within the harbor.

The City would desire to have either a long term lease or ownership of the basin prior to making
substantial financial investment into the basin. Clear title of the property may be needed to
qualify for certain funding for improvements. In order to obtain clear title to the property, the
property would have to be either sold or given to the City by the government.


Implementation Actions

      Ensure trail goals are adequately addressed in the final Hammond Marina Master Plan
       Update.

      Work with Oregon Parks and Recreation Department to open the Fort Stevens gate to
       allow access by pedestrians and visitors in and out of the park at this location.

      A graveled access road and well-defined parking area and walkway/steps to the beach;

      Protection of the upper bank from erosion using small riprap or some other alternative
       such as beach nourishment using dredged channel sand; if riprap is used, connect this
       with the riprap at Point Triumph.

      Design, develop, and place interpretive panels along the trail at safe, high use locations.
       Potential interpretive topics include local fisheries, such as species fished, gear,
       processing, ships and shipping of the Columbia. Get cooperation and technical/financial
       assistance from Point Adams Packing Company for fish-related signage.

      Investigate the feasibility of constructing a fishing pier out into the Columbia River.

      Consider a pedestrian crosswalk at Carruthers Park and at 13th Street.



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Skipanon River Park to the Lewis & Clark Bridge


Skipanon River Park to the Warrenton Boat Basin
This trail begins at the existing Skipanon River Park; proceeding north under the Harbor Street
Bridge thence across it into the Warrenton Boat Basin parking lot. Trail users then proceed on
East Harbor Place, turning north onto Northeast Heron Avenue. This then leaves them at the
edge of the Skipanon River.


Implementation Actions

      Pave and sign under the Harbor Street Bridge.

      Work with the Warrenton Boat Basin to ensure compatibility of uses and adequate
       signage.


Warrenton Boat Basin to the Youngs Bay Windsurfing Park
This trail segment begins at the Warrenton Boat Basin and follows the dike east and then north
along the upland-wetland boundary out to the Windsurfing access (Youngs Bay Windsurfing
Park) at Premarq Center (U.S. 101 and Youngs Bay Bridge). The trail provides views of Youngs
Bay, Astoria, extensive estuarine wetlands, and Holbrook Slough. Wildlife, windsurfing, and the
ships of the Columbia are all within sight. There is some disagreement between the Port of
Astoria and the DSL over ownership of some of the uplands along this route. Improvements
needed along the dike section of this trail include paving a durable surface and interpretive
signage.


Implementation Actions

      Resolve ownership boundary question between the Port and DSL.

      Develop a site plan in cooperation with prospective users, including the windsurfing
       community.

      If this site is developed for industrial use in the future, incorporate a multi-use trail in the
       plan.




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Youngs Bay Windsurfing Park

                                 One of the premier jumping off points for windsurfing on the
                                 estuary, this site is appropriate for all skill levels because the
                                 water near shore is shallow, waves are small, and there are no
                                 strong currents. Although it is a mud flat at low tide, the site is
                                 extensively used at mid-tide and higher water levels. Access to
                                 the site requires traversing the dike adjacent to the Premarq
                                 Center, crossing a makeshift trail across high marsh out to the
                                 water's edge. Marsh vegetation at the launch site has been
Image 20: Negotiating a tricky   trampled and there is litter at the site. Windsurfing in this area
“social” trail section           continues to grow and there is a windsurfing equipment rental
adjacent to the site at Premarq Center. The Port of Astoria applied for and received a permit to
develop this park several years ago but funding for construction did not become available.


Implementation Actions

       Build a raised access trail/boardwalk from the dike over the marsh with a raised "staging
        area" platform, launch, and a raised public viewing platform at the water's edge.

       Protect the tidal marsh by providing for litter control, building any improvements above
        the high water level, and by incorporating educational interpretive exhibits on tidal
        marshes and other natural resources of the Columbia River estuary.

       Incorporate other interpretive exhibits that promote education and water safety (for
        example, tides and currents of the estuary, including a place for current tide information
        at the trailhead).



Airport Dike

                                 This trail begins at U.S. 101 at the Youngs Bay bridge, going
                                 east along the dike that runs along the outer boundary of the
                                 airport. This walk would include viewing of estuarine and
                                 freshwater wetlands with abundant birds and other wildlife.
                                 There are security and safety issues because of the proximity of
                                 the airport, which has regular Coast Guard and small air carrier
                                 service.

                                 Access gate at the start is awkward for cyclists and not handicap
                                 accessible.
Image 21: Unneeded gate on the   A further gate exists 100 yards or so from the end of this
Airport Dke                      segment. It is currently padlocked but plans call for it to be the


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same as the entry gate at the start. Some barbed wire fencing and a chain prevent car access from
101, but is easily managed by pedestrians.


Implementation Actions

      Improve the dike surface for multiuse and provide signs for directions and warnings
       regarding airport traffic hazards.

      Remove redundant elk gates.

      Install bollards instead of chained access for maintenance vehicles.

      Work with ODOT on solutions for pedestrians crossing 101.

      Create trailhead parking at the south end (Lewis & Clark bridge).




Other Trails and Spurs


Beaver Trail
Connects Pacific Drive to 11th Avenue north of E. H. Carruthers Park and south of the Hammond
Post Office.

Lagoon Trail
This trail is an option off the Warrenton Waterfront Trail. Connecting in downtown and at the
Alder Creek outlet it passes by the treatment plant lagoon, a prime bird watching locale.


Skipanon Peninsula Loop Trail
An optional route off the Skipanon River Park to the Lewis & Clark Bridge trail with views of
the Columbia and Skipanon rivers.

Grade School Trail
Follows the abandoned railroad bed from downtown to the Warrenton Grade School. The 2004
Warrenton Transportation System Plan (pp. 2-35 to 2-36) refers to the “abandoned Portland
Western railroad bed” as an “unofficial” trail. The only other mention of trails is the Warrenton
Waterfront Trail, described in terms that suggest it is complete and functioning.

Shag Lake Trail
Follows platted 2nd Avenue to the soccer fields on Ridge Road. May require a marsh crossing.

Spirit Loop Trail
A loop off of 9th Avenue around the Ocean View Cemetery.
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King Street
Currently proposed as a street, it should in any case be preserved as an important trail linkage.

Small connectors
These include numerous social trails such as the ones at 6th and 7th Avenues connecting Main
Street to Grade School Trail.



Implementation Actions

      Mark the trail with appropriate signs, but keep in mind the relative isolation of
       interpretive signs on this trail and the potential for vandalism.

      Rezone the portion of the trail along the dike and sewer lagoon as open space.

      Inventory social trails and formally recognize them.




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Pedestrian Improvements

Warrenton Gateway - Highway 101 at PreMarq Center

                                    This is a highly trafficked, fast and busy crossing. While it
                                    might be possible to direct guests to the signal controlled
                                    crossing one-hundred yards to the south, experience shows that
                                    many will risk life and limb dashing across the road. The ideal
                                    solution could call for a pedestrian bridge. Such a bridge would
                                    function not only as a crossing, but as a dramatic entrance to
                                    Warrenton itself while simultaneously being a bold
Image 22: Crossing 101 at PreMarq   advertisement for the trail. Here are some examples of some
                                    recent pedestrian crossings that have become instant landmarks
in their cities.




Sundial Bridge                       Berkeley Pedestrian Bridge      Humber River Bridge
Redding, CA                          Berkeley, CA                    Toronto, Canada


Vehicular traffic circulation in the Warrenton area is good, with certain important exceptions.
U.S. Highway 101 carries through traffic heading north or south between Astoria and Seaside
and points beyond. Several major attractions in Warrenton, Fort Stevens State Park, the
Hammond Boat Basin and the Warrenton Boat Basin siphon off traffic into the city. From the
south, travelers reach Fort Stevens and Hammond Boat basin via Ridge Road, whereas they have
several options for the Warrenton Basin, some of which take them through the downtown. From
the north, most visitors approach all three sites via Harbor Street, creating a great deal of traffic
congestion downtown, particularly at the junction of Harbor and Main Streets.

Added to the congestion at this four-way stop is forest products and seafood processing industry-
related traffic from all directions. Peak traffic periods are in the summer when cars with
boats/trailers spend hours waiting for launches at both the Hammond and Warrenton Basins.
Another outcome of these traffic congestion problems is increased danger to pedestrians at
crossings and along roadsides, particularly at the primary downtown four-way junction.




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Within the Warrenton boat basin, traffic circulation and parking is a problem during peak usage
and potential conflicts between recreational and commercial users persists. Also, basin entrances
off Harbor Street are not well-marked, leading to further congestion.

Along the west Skipanon, log trucks and other industry-related traffic use N.E. Skipanon Drive,
creating a significant constraint for future commercial and tourism-related development. Other
log truck and industrial traffic from Warrenton Fiber's log operation at Tansy Point and fish
processing and other industry in Hammond.


Industrial Traffic Re-routing

Re-route industrial traffic off N.E. Skipanon drive, using N. Main street and N.E. 5th Street as
the new route. This will minimize conflicts with existing and proposed commercial development
and other improvements at Lighthouse Park.


Implementation Actions:

      The City should evaluate alternatives to N.E. Skipanon driver's routes for Weyerhaeuser
       and Pacific Seafood truck traffic; the primary alternative route for evaluation is N.E. 5th
       Street; N.E. 1st Street is a second, but less satisfactory alternative from a location
       standpoint. Possible constraints at both sites include accessibility at the junctions of these
       streets with Main Street (ODOT approval will be needed); potential conflicts with
       residential uses in both areas; questions as to who will pay the costs associated with
       widening and improvement of the preferred alternative route.

      Develop and implement a re-routing plan in collaboration with ODOT, the city, and
       industrial users.



Downtown Pedestrian Improvements

Increase pedestrian and bicyclist safety in the downtown area through sidewalk and road-
crossing improvements, and bicycle lane marking on streets.


Implementation Actions

      The City, in conjunction with ODOT, should conduct a study of pedestrian circulation in
       the downtown area, considering proposed park and trail improvements in this plan,
       proposed waterfront commercial improvements, rerouting of industrial traffic, etc.

      Seek funds, possibly from ISTEA, for agreed-upon pedestrian and bicycle improvements
       adjacent to existing roadways.


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Appearance

                                      Trail appearance and visual interest is an important element in
                                      attracting locals and visitors alike. The central downtown core is
                                      small, and much improved, but still includes some abandoned,
                                      run-down, haphazardly remodeled buildings, cluttered and
                                      confusing signs, and does not reflect the growing business pride
                                      of the community. Sidewalks are absent or in disrepair in
                                      waterfront areas and downtown, contributing further to the
                                      uninviting nature of the area. Many existing businesses are
Image 23: Industrial Area along the   automobile, rather than pedestrian-oriented. Litter, industrial
Waterfront Trail
                                      debris, and pollution are problems along some of the waterfront
and downtown.

At the same time, much of Warrenton's waterfront is an authentic waterfront and as such, has an
attractiveness and beauty all its own. Residents value this waterfront and it is attractive to visitors
as well. However, there are not enough vantage points to see, hear, or smell the waterfront.
There is no interpretive information to explain the work and other activity going on at the
waterfront. Further, waterfront facilities need to be attractively designed. Many commercial
waterfront uses are housed in temporary, unattractive buildings that are not particularly well-
maintained, and evoke little of the area‟s maritime past.


Implementation Actions

       Recognize and promote the ''working waterfront'' of Warrenton as a visual asset.

       Provide vantage points and other opportunities to see, hear, smell, and even taste the
        waterfront.

       Give careful attention to the design and character of waterfront facilities, such as access
        points, marks, fishing piers, etc.; build for beauty as well as function.

       Clean up and prevent industrial and other pollution along the waterfront and promote
        good industrial practices.

       Improve signs in the waterfront and downtown parts of the community.

       Establish an “identity” for the area that is authentic to Warrenton that draws upon the
        fishing-timber community past and present.

       Develop a ''streetscape'' plan, consistent with this identity, for the downtown and adjacent
        waterfront area; in the plan, suggest improvements in sidewalks, landscaping, flowers,
        signs, public access points, packs, fishing piers, etc. Also suggest simple, inexpensive


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       design improvements for individual storefronts.

      Incorporate simple design guidelines for new or remodeled buildings and surroundings
       into local development ordinances, based on the identity established for the community.
       Encourage building owners to improve storefronts and adjacent landscaping; provide
       design assistance to ensure compatibility with the streetscape plan.


Downtown and Waterfront Cleanup

In cooperation with local industry and businesses, evaluate the downtown and waterfront area for
debris, trash, and other features that detract from the area's beauty and attractiveness, taking care
not to completely sanitize the authenticity of our working waterfront; develop and implement a
plan for removing unwanted debris and sprucing up the downtown and waterfront. Also conduct
an annual cleanup, perhaps in conjunction with the annual spring beach cleanup.


Implementing Actions:

      Contact all industry and businesses in the downtown waterfront area asking them to
       participate in a community cleanup and improvement project.

      Conduct an inventory of unattractive sites and features of the downtown-waterfront area,
       with photo documentation.

      Establish a voluntary timetable for cleaning up the downtown-waterfront area; integrate
       the cleanup with design improvements outlined in the streetscape plan.

      Establish a regular spring cleanup of the downtown, the waterfront, and other parts of the
       community; for litter control, arrange for “adoption” of particular areas by local
       businesses and groups.




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C ONNECTIONS          TO OTHER AREA TRAIL SYSTEMS



Astoria Riverwalk
                                 The obstacle to connect the two trail systems is the Youngs Bay
                                 Bridge. Cyclists and pedestrians alike daily risk life and limb to
                                 make this daunting and dangerous crossing. Their determination
                                 speaks to the need for this connection. Using the Old Youngs
                                 and Lewis and Clark bridge route is preferable for recreation but
                                 not transportation. A solution that satisfies both would be ideal.




Image 24: Astoria Trolley


Fort Stevens State Park

                                  This historic and scenic route is well documented as part of Fort
                                  Stevens. It starts at the east gate at Seafarers Park, and proceeds
                                  a short distance past the WWII era torpedo loading stations and
                                  other facilities to the museum and interpretive center.
                                  Continuing past many artifacts the smooth and level trail
                                  continues just north of Swash Lake to the wildlife viewing
                                  platform. At this intersection the proposed trail would proceed
                                  northwest along the Trestle Bay Trail for a distance of 1.1 miles
Image 25: The Fort Stevens        coming out near the Pacific Ocean just south of the Equestrian
boundary on Burma Road            Parking Lot (Lot A.). Hardy souls would have the option here of
a 5 mile loop out to the South Jetty. The trail heads due south for 2 miles on the Kestrel Dune
Trail until it reaches the Sunset trail. Here the wreck of the Peter Iredale is only a few hundred
yards away. At the intersection of the Sunset Trail and the overnight camping access road, the
trail continues on what is marked as a hiking trail, but is actually a fire road. This trail follows
the contour of Coffenbury lake for 1 mile until it reaches the southwest park boundary
monument and continues south as “Burma Road”



Burma Road

This trail starts at the southwest boundary marker of Fort Stevens State park and continues along
what is commonly known as Burma Road. The road terminates at Delaura Beach Lane, where
the trail then utilizes the shoulder on Delaura Beach Lane and turns east at the intersection with
Ridge Road utilizing the shoulder.


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Ridge Rd to the Fort to Sea Trail via Camp Rilea

This 1.2 mile section of proposed trail connects Ridge Rd. to the Fort to Sea Trail following the
dune and riparian area adjacent to E. Neacoxie Ck. and the north east border of Camp Rilea. The
Trail provides an eastern route around the National Guard Camp when live fire closes the beach
and enhances the Camp security with fencing along the Trail and Camp border. The route along
the E. Neacoxie Ck. is noted for wildlife sightings.


Ridge Rd to Delaura Beach Lane

This 1.5 mile section of the trail utilizes the shoulders that are proposed for paving improvements
by Clatsop County. This trail segment connects the N.E. Camp Rilea Trail and the shoulder trail
segment along Delaura Beach Lane. The trail features homes, the East Neacoxie Creek and a
historical marker for the Smith Mission


Fort Clatsop Fort to the Sea Trail

                                   This section of the trail will follow the route of the Lewis and
                                   Clark National Historic Park‟s Fort to Sea trail. Cyclists will go
                                   north to Perkins Road following it to the gated entrance to Old
                                   Stage Coach Road, and then proceeding on this spur of the Fort
                                   to Sea trail until it rejoins the main trail just before the vista
                                   point. Pedestrians will proceed directly along the Fort to Sea
                                   Trail to Fort Clatsop. This new national trail is renowned for the
                                   diversity of terrain and wildlife while approximating Lewis and
                                   Clark‟s historical route to the Pacific Ocean over the Coast
                                   Range Mountains. A variety of bridges and walkways feature
                                   wooded valleys, farms, lakes, wetlands and ocean overlooks.


Image 26: Opening of the Fort to
Sea Trail

Airport Dike to Fort Clatsop

Today one can connect from the Airport Dike Trail to Fort Clatsop on the shoulder of old
highway 101 (Business 101). A preferred future route would be along the dike works of Diking
District 11.




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Delaura Beach Lane

                              This trail starts within throwing distance of the dunes and the
                              ocean. The area is a favorite for equestrians. It‟s a short trip
                              across the southern tip of Long Lake, and then a short uphill to
                              Ridge Road. At the intersection of Delaura Beach Lane and
                              Ridge Road is a historical marker commemorating the Japanese
                              shelling of World War Two. Proposals with earmarked funds are
                              directed toward developing shoulders for Delaura Beach Lane.


Image 27: Delaura Beach




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A PPENDIX A: R ESOLUTION & O RDER 2136




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A PPENDIX B: N OTES         FROM    M EETI NG    WI TH    W ARRENTON C ITY S TAFF


Is there concern about crime and littering on trails?
Design and maintenance affect attitudes of trail users and concern of public about safety.
Popular trails, with a lot of users, discourage anti-social behavior.
Encourage outings in groups, with friends.
Illegal activity has decreased since [existing] trails opened.

Stormwater Drainage Plan identifies location of dikes and tide gates.

Make as low-maintenance and vandal-proof as possible.

Get trail plans into Surface Transportation Plan (STP).

Connect destinations with trails (schools, business, Main Street, etc.).

Make east/west connections, especially in areas with limited roads
(use access or conservation easements, etc. for public access).

Educational displays to fit landscape and describe functions
(e.g. wetlands absorbing and filtering water).

Experiment with different surface materials for appearance and function.




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A PPENDIX C: T ALKIN ’ T RAILS W ORKSHOP – M AY 2006

Talkin‟ Trails Workshop – May 2006
Flip Chart Transcription


TEAM #1

What Makes Trails Safer?
Phone Coverage
Conflicts of Users: Pedestrians, bikes, horses (speed limits)
Links to Major Development (schools, shopping centers, etc.) Astoria to Fairgrounds – create
transportation route as well as recreational, etc. (research Centennial Trail in Spokane for ideas.)
Amenities – history of Warrenton, Salmon information, restrooms, brochure of existing trails

Areas of Improvement
Old Young‟s Bay Bridge
New Young‟s Bay Bridge
Lighthouse Park Sidewalk
Finish path under Skipanon Bridge to E. Harbor Street.
2nd Street needs steps or a ramp for wheelchairs
Different length of trails
Parking areas dispersed throughout trail system with activities to make parking areas safe

Ideas for Trails
Trail around Skipanon Peninsula
Hiking
Biking
4-wheel playground in the middle is fine
Off-highway bike trail – Ft. Stevens to Seaside
Hammond Boat Basin Future Fishing Pier – “I will be there!”
Multi-use trail linking Astoria-Seaside-Cannon Beach (no cars – bikes, runners, walkers)
Pedestrian – Bike path on Young‟s Bay Bridge

TEAM #2

Types of Trails/User
Mobility issues warrant paved paths, benches, flat or lower grade inclines and rest areas (water
stops – potable)
Visibility – viewpoints, birding areas, native plant identification
Control of non-native plant species & ongoing maintenance of invasives
Identification/inclusion of equestrian trail, ATV areas, hiking trails/biking trails/historical trails
Trail materials – non paved areas with environmentally friendly materials. Natural surfaces,
composition, base rock, bark chip.
Trails need to be well designed for drainage for erosion, trail longevity, etc.
Leash law concerns – animal control and signage

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Bridges/boardwalks?
Shelters/blinds for viewing?
Water trails (kayak, canoes)

TEAM #3

1. If your doctor said you had to start taking regular walks, where would you walk?
Established trail – drive to parking important
Dog Friendly
Close & Convenient
Night Safe – Lit
Neighborhood
Natural Setting & Wildlife
Variety Important
Urban Park Trails
River Walk – flat, even, blacktop (better than cement)
Workplace convenience
Mileage Markers – fitness elements
Benches

2. What makes a safe trail?
Surface – Grading system
Light
Visibility
Traffic
Walker – advisory – what to expect signs

3. What features/amenities do you expect on a trail?
Water
Dog bags/water
Litter baskets
Restrooms convenient
Benches with shade
Parking
Interpretive signs
Appropriate surfaces/incl. ADA
Good signage, brochures, maps
Donation iron rangers
Picnic facilities & trash bins
Safety instructions
Mile markers


4. How to best share the trail and enforce rules?
Stay on trail signs
“Yield To” Hierarchy
What goes in goes out
Effective Signs
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Traffic flow indicators where needed
Appeals to protect environment

5. Are there trail systems you know of that would be a good model for Warrenton?
Peninsula Dune Trail
Vancouver, WA
Olympic Natl. Park
Variety including boardwalks
Nisqually State Park

6. Types of trails & needs of different users
Wheelchair
Water trails
Non motorized
Horse
Scenic vs. exercise

TEAM #4
BRAINSTORMING SOLUTIONS/ACTIONS FOR “OPPORTUNITIES/CONSTRAINTS”
LIST

Constraints
How to continue the Skipanon Waterfront Trail, under the bridge on Harbor Drive, to avoid
walking on the bridge and crossing traffic.
Alternatives suggested was a walking bridge hanging underneath the existing bridge (might
restrict boat traffic)
have a hanging bridge – catwalk – on the side of existing bridge
continue the trail upstream to the 8th Street dam on the east side of the Skipanon River and cross
to the west side and pave to the 3rd Street Park
2. Having to walk on dangerous section of highway, from 13th Street to Caruthers Park.
Talk to Warrenton Fiber about an easement along 13th Street and Pacific Drive on his property
line
Cut the berm back from Pacific Dr.
Put up fence along Pacific Dr. (fenced corridor)
    3. Lack of signage where trail detours, on Enterprise, onto highway, then back toward
mooring basin: if walking on highway is necessary, a wider path, or better, a wide sidewalk.
Best would be to have access to waterfront.
Continue along old railroad right-of-way where possible. Approach private properties with
concept
Construct a dedicated boardwalk outside property lines (along the riparian area in the river)
Widen Pacific Drive from Enterprise to mooring basin and have proper signage
Sidewalks
     4. Keep grassy areas mowed, and discourage ATV use, which is currently a problem
ATV designated areas
No ATV use on trails (walking, bikes)
Install guards or posts to prohibit motorized vehicle traffic
     5. Unofficial camping
Posted and patrol “No Camping” areas
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Signage
?
Part of Port of Astoria Grant crossing Hwy. 101 from Airport requires either an overpass or
underpass
Crosswalk at 4-way stop light on Harbor Dr
BURMA ROAD – plan calls for using trails into Burma Road. This is primarily access for
Camp Kiwanilong. Concern is there are small children there and safety is an issue.
Restrict access to Kiwanilong from trail (Burma Road)

Opportunities
1-13 Lighthouse Museum junction which way to access trail?
Overall signage is poor – suggested mileage signs – access signs – historical relevance, natural &
native plant life marking
Possible trailhead opportunity off Perkins
Interwoven trails unmarked – opportunity
Trailhead opportunity @ Youngs Bay Dike/Old Lewis & Clark Bridge (ODOT enhancement
project?)
Hedges, evergreens, to screen trail from private property, roads, etc. (e.g. on L&C trail and other
trails) and make trail feel more natural, pre-development landscape (“walk through the woods”).
Carnahan Lake trail opportunities – non-paved possible trail runner use


TEAM #5

What makes a trail safer?
Distance between pavement and wooded area
Conflicts of horses, bikes, pedestrians
Seaside allows bikes, pedestrians, skateboards
Conflicts with using pavement
ADA
Runners
Maintenance
All trails have cell phone coverage to make safe
Can‟t light
Bikes on one side
Heavy areas – bike users get off
Connectivity to Fort Stevens, KOA with downtown
Path through back of KOA going east/west
Light halfway up ramp
Ped/bike pathway across new Young‟s Bay/Old Young‟s Bay
Coordinate bus schedule with trail
Link to major institutions, Astoria, fairgrounds
Speed limit for bikes
Concern for vandalism
Brochure where restrooms are located
Need public restroom downtown
South of Larsen Recycling – need bathroom
History of Warrenton
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Warrenton Trail Plan (v0.8)


Loop into Fort to Coast Trail
Start and end trails – dispense around the town.
Parking areas dispensed – combine with activity
Bike/hike path


HISTORICAL/CULTURAL RESOURCES (not shown on map)
Skipanon Marina
Site of Flavel Hotel
Galena shipwreck (buried in dunes)
Geologic formations – the north/south alignment of lakes (pushing effect of Cascadian plates?)
How did the Clatsops use the lakes – for a waterway?
Fort Stevens cemetery
10-year eagles nest – lots of eagles
Fort Clatsop
Note windbreaks planted along dikes in 1950‟s


TRAIL STORIES

Anne Jensen – about 50 years ago, walked from Perkins Rd. to the old Fort Clatsop and expected
it would be a short walk but it was an all day trek! (11/12 yrs old at time)

Eldon Wright – Old Plank road off Dellmoor Loop – back to Fort Clatsop (County Road)

“I remember as a child going to the beach at the Peter Iredale and our Model T went off the
planks and soldiers from Fort Stevens lifted the car and put it back on the planks.”

“I learned to Camp at Fort Stevens. I went each summer with my best friend‟s family and
learned how to make a fire, cook „angels on horseback‟ and s‟mores. Now I live in a rural area
and camp in my back yard.”

“When I was in high school in the „50s, I went horseback riding at Barbara Miller‟s stable on
Fort Clatsop Road. I remember riding through the parade ground at Fort Clatsop before they put
the fence up to protect it from folks like [me]. I remember wondering what the story was about
the fort. I later worked at Fort Clatsop for 17 years.”
Pat Williams

OTHER COMMENTS/QUESTIONS POSTED ON MAPS AFTER WORKSHOP
The trails should be named and each mile numbered -- in case of emergency people will know
their exact location. Otherwise finding someone who needs help will take a long time, especially
when they don‟t know where they are. There also should be emergency vehicle access to every
trail. Officer, WPD

What parts will be wheelchair accessible?




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APPENDIX    D: P UBLI C M EETING A UGUST 29, 2006
WTA 8/29/06 MTG

Agenda etc. from the Trails Meeting at City Hall 8/29/06


Agenda

Welcome/intros
Purpose and outcomes
Review agenda
Planning timeline
Vision and goals
Recap workshop results &discuss/recommend final trail system
Discuss /recommend priorities
Next steps – preparing the plan
       Tie in ex.     - Plans
                              94 plan
                      -visioning plan 01
                      - City Resolution ( ??/06)
                      - Co/Rec Lands plan

Plan Contents

Clear articulation of transportation ($ resources)
Plan to City Planning ( draft due 9/20)
Emergency evacuation routes
(Tsunami) ($funding sources)and earthquakes and engage other interests & support for multi-
purposes of rec. trails
Trail connections as “commodity” in residential development
Implementation strategies
        Oregon 150 ( eg. Coordinate with Odot grant as “Legacy”
        DTP: Funding partner
Official designation
        Historical Trail/(part of Lewis and Clark Trail)
                Airport Dike Trail/FOCL
                Fort Stevens Trails (Clatsop Indian Village)
                $ OR Community Foundation
                NPS




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A PPENDIX E: T SUNAMI E VACUATION M AP




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