By J.S. Ross s part of the preparation for the “Day of Wood” Seminar (Charlotte, May 6,
2003), the Wood Focus Group and RadTech Technical Committee agreed
to develop a summary of references useful to new end-users. The tabulation
below was the result. It was compiled by merging the results of a number of literature
searches related to UV/EB coatings for wood and wood coatings in general.
The compilation was divided into segments by the type of reference material. The
categories included government publications, technical papers, trade press articles
and reviews. The references for those categories included publications after 1993. In
addition, only English references were included. Readers should be aware that much
of the pre-1985 literature for radiation curing is non-English.
This compilation was not edited for the quality of the publication, only that the
subject matter is related to wood coatings. RadTech, the RadTech Report, the author
nor the author’s company endorses the technical data or conclusions of the references.
Finally, the set of references compiled below is not a comprehensive set. This
list was edited for length and specifically excluded references from the RadTech
Web site. Patents were also excluded. Books were not included. Please visit
www.radtech.org for the complete listing that includes entries after 1965.
The searches for this compilation used terms such as radiation curing, UV curing,
EB curing, wood, wood coatings, etc. However, that did not guarantee that every-
thing was found. The author apologizes in advance for missed or otherwise excluded
references, especially those of the reader. Additions or corrections should be
directed to the author for inclusion in future published lists or in lists included on
RadTech’s Wood Focus
Group CDs and/or the Figure 1
RadTech Web site.
This compilation Distribution of Publications Related
to Radiation Curing
contains 121 refer-
ences. Figure 1 shows 80
the distribution of Technical
references among the Trade
# of Publications
categories used here.
It shows that, as of this 50 Govt
publication, the peak 40
half-decade for 30
tions was 1995-1999.
However, the current
period includes only 0
90-94 95-99 00-04
2002, and may be on
track to meet or beat
MAY/JUNE 2003 RADTECH REPORT 17
Government Publications Holzlackierung),” Obst, M.; Siegfried, F., W.; Lloyd, J. D., Italy, Pitture e Vernici,
Fraunhofer Inst. fuer Produktionstechnik European Coatings, 1999.
“Case Studies: Low-VOC/HAP Wood und Automatisierung, Stuttgart (Germany,
Furniture Coatings,” Final Report March “The Use of Biocides and Fungicides in
F.R.), May 1993; TIB/A94-03801/XAB.
95-Feb 00, Marshall, A. M.; Fields, J. L., Wood Coatings and Preservatives,” Gillatt,
J., Thor Chemicals (UK) Limited, Cheadle
Midwest Research Institute, Cary, NC, Review Articles
Hulme, Cheshire, SK8 6QP, UK; Surface
Environmental Protection Agency,
Research Triangle Park, NC, Air Pollution “Halogen-Free Flame Retardant Radiation Coatings International, 1998.
Prevention and Control Division; 2000, Curable Coatings,” Randoux, T.;
“New Developments in Water-Borne
EPA/600/R-00/043. Vanovervelt, J.-C.; Van den Bergen, H.; Resins for Industrial Coatings,” Brinkman,
Camino, G., UCB Chemicals, Drogenbos, E.; Loos, F., Akzo Nobel Resins bv, Bergen
“Electron Beam (EB) Curing of Wood 1620, Belgium; Progress in Organic op Zoom, 4600 AB, Netherlands; Surface
Surface Finishing—Lamination of PVC Film Coatings, 2002. Coatings International, 1998.
on Wood Substrates,” Mohamad Hilmi bin
Mahmood, Unit Tenaga Nuklear, Bangi “Moisture transport through wood “Colloid Chemistry. Part 10. Film Forma-
(Malaysia), Dec. 1998; DE90608597/XAB; coatings: The unanswered questions,” tion on Active Substrates,” Verkholantsev,
PPA-T-88. Graystone, J. A., Surface Coatings, Paint V. V., Tambour Ltd., Israel; European
Research Association, Teddington, TW11 Coatings Journal, 1998.
“Application of Pollution Prevention 8LD, UK, Surface Coatings International,
Techniques to Reduce Indoor Air Emissions Part B: Coatings Transactions, 2001. “Higher Solids Coatings for Wood and
from Engineered Wood Products,” Industrial Finishes,” Gommans, L. H. P.;
Brockmann, C. M.; Sheldon, L. S.; Whitaker, “Radiation Curing,” Davidson, R. S., Constable, K. T.; Bavin, M. N., Ameron
D. A.; Baskir, J. N., Research Triangle Inst., DavRad Services, UK; Rapra Review N.Z. Ltd., Australia; Surface Coatings
Environmental Protection Agency, Research Reports, 2001. Australia, 1998.
Triangle Park, NC. Air Pollution Prevention
“Review on the Durability of Exterior “Protective Effect of Coatings on
and Control Div., Nov. 1998; PB99-118309/
Wood Coatings with Reduced VOC- Weathering of Wood Surfaces,” Shoeman,
XAB; EPA/600/R; 98/146.
Content,” de Meijer, Mari, Progress in M.; Dickinson, D., Borax Europe Ltd.,
“Proceedings: Low- and No-VOC Coating Organic Coatings, 2001. Guildford, GU2 5RQ, UK; PPCJ, Polymers
Technologies,” Biennial International Paint Colour Journal, 1998.
“New Development in Water-Based
Conference (2nd), Durham, North Carolina,
Polymers for Industrial Wood Coatings,” “Polyurea Elastomer Technology: Bridging
March 13-15, 1995, 5/7/3 (Item 3 from
van Ginkel, M., Surface Coatings Interna- the Gap to Commercial Applications,”
file: 6), Darden, E. J.; Baskir, J. N.;
tional, Part A: Coatings Journal, 2001. Primeaux, D. J., II; Hillman, K. M., Austin
Research Triangle Inst., Environmental
Research Laboratories, Huntsman
Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, “Emulsion Paints—Formulation,” Warson,
Corporation, Austin, TX 78752; Polyure-
NC, Air Pollution Prevention and Control H., Applications of Synthetic Resin Latices,
thanes Expo ’98, Proceedings, Dallas,
Div., Oct. 1998; EPA/600/R-98/130. UK, 2001.
Sept. 17-20, 1998.
“Utilizing Low Volatile Organic Content “Slippery When Wet,” Perry, D., Dow “Polyurea Spray Technology in Commer-
Exterior Coatings for Wood Furniture,” Corning, UK, PPCJ, Polymers Paint Colour cial Applications,” Primeaux, D. J., II,
5/7/4 (Item 4 from file: 6), Kranz, P. B.; Journal, 2001. Huntsman Corporation, Austin, TX 78761;
Stadelmaier, J. E.; Stanczyk, T. F., Erie
“Exterior Wood Finishes,” Feist, W. C., 60 Years of Polyurethanes, [International
County Dept. of Environment and
Coatings Technology Handbook (2nd Symposium and Exhibition], Detroit,
Planning, Buffalo, NY, Div. of Environmental
Edition), 2001. Jan. 15-16, 1998.
Compliance, 1997; EPA/600/R-97/083.
“Supercritical Fluids—A Potential “Different Overlay Applications and
“Research and Product Development of
Revolution in Wood Treatment and Related Resin Systems Used for Various
Low-VOC Wood Coatings,” Huang, E. W.,
Coating,” Hay, J. N.; Johns, K., Depart- Low Pressure Laminates,” Brunborg, N.
South Coast Air Quality Management
ment of Chemistry, School of Physics & A., Paper Overlays, Dyno Industrier ASA,
District, Diamond Bar, CA, Report, 1995.
Chemistry, University of Surrey, Surrey, Oslo, 0106 Norway; Asian International
“Proceedings of Workshop on Surface GU2 5XH, UK; Surface Coatings Laminates Symposium, Hong Kong,
Finishing by Radiation Curing Technology: International, 2000. Nov. 19-21, 1997.
Radiation Curing for Better Finishing,” Unit
“Powder Coating on Wood Substrates—An “Powder Coatings Technology: New
Tenaga Nuklear, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia).
Overview of the Existing Technology and Developments at the Turn of the Century,”
International Atomic Energy Agency,
Challenges,” Schoenberg, A., Pionite Misey, T. A.; Van der Linde, R., DSM
Vienna (Austria), Report No.: INIS-MY-005,
Division, Panolam Industries International, Resins bv, Zwolle, 8000 AP Netherlands;
31 Dec 1993.
Auburn, ME 04211, TAPPI Plastic Laminates Proceedings—International Conference in
“Pollution Prevention Research for Organic Symposium, Atlanta, GA, Aug. 21-23, 2000. Organic Coatings: Waterborne, High
Air Emissions,” Kosusko, M.; Ponder, W. Solids, Powder Coatings, 23rd, Athens,
H., Environmental Protection Agency, “Wood Properties Affecting Finish Service July 7-11, 1997.
Research Triangle Park, NC, Air and Energy Life,” Williams, R. S.; Jourdain, C.; Daisey,
“Using ‘High Performance Two-Compo-
Engineering Research Lab, 1993; PB94- G. I.; Springate, R. W., Forest Products
nent Waterborne Polyurethane’ Wood
117454/XAB; EPA/600/A-93/262. Laboratory, USDA Forest Service,
Coatings,” Dvorchak, M. J., Technol.-
Madison, WI, 53705-2398; Journal of
“Waste Avoidance through Low-Waste Wood Coatings, Industrial Finishes Resins
Coatings Technology, 2000.
Production Methods. Wood Lacquering Group, Coatings Business Unit, Bayer
Processes (Vermeidung von Abfaellen “The Role of Boron-Based Additives in Corp., Pittsburgh, PA, 19205-9741; Journal
durch Abfallarme Produktionsverfahren. Exterior Wood Coatings,” Schoeman, M. of Coatings Technology, 1997.
18 RADTECH REPORT MAY/JUNE 2003
“The Use of Biocides and Fungicides in “Radiation Curing—Alive, Well and “Demonstration of a No-VOC/No-HAP
Wood Coatings and Preservatives,” Gillatt, Growing,” Koleske, J. V., Painting & Wood Furniture Coating System,” Huang,
J., Thor Chemicals (UK) Ltd, Cheshire, UK; Coatings Industry, June 2002. E. W.; Guan, R.; McCrillis, R. C. (Aero
Pigment & Resin Technology, 1996. Vironment Environmental Services Inc.;
“Finding the Right Cure: Radiation Curing US, EPA National Risk Management
“Advances in Environmentally Benign Equipment is Beginning to Enjoy a Period Research Laboratory), Coatings World,
Coatings and Adhesives,” McGinniss, V. D., of Development,” Davidson, S., Polymers Nov./Dec.1997.
Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH Paint Colour Journal, 2002.
43201; Progress in Organic Coatings, 1996. “Silicone Additives for Performance
“Working on Wood,” Buysens, K., Enhancement of Coatings,” Pigment &
“Aromatic Polycarbodiimides: A New Drogenbos, B-1620, Belgium; PPCJ, Resin Technology 26, No. 5, 1997.
Class of Crosslinkers for Water-Borne Polymers Paint Colour Journal, 2001.
Coatings,” Brown, W., Industrial Coatings “New Coating Technologies for Wood
Research, Rohm and Haas Company, “Aliphatic Urethanes for Ultraviolet-/ Products. An Evaluation and Review,”
Spring House, PA 19477; Surface Coatings Electron Beam-Curable Wood Flooring,” Tavakoli, M.; Riches, S. T.; Shipman, J.;
International, 1995. Valdes-Aquilera, O., Paint & Coatings Ind. Thomas, M., European Coatings Journal,
(US), 2001. No. 12, 1996.
“In Search of the Perfect Polymer for
Conservation Coatings on Wood,” “High Performance Polyurethane Coatings “Natural Weathering of Exterior Wood
Williams, D. C., Conservation Anal. Lab., for Wood,” Sharon Xudong Feng; Coatings. A Comparison of Performance at
Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC 20560; Dvorchak, M. J. (Bayer Corp.), Coatings Five European Sites,” Graystone, J.;
Polymer Preprints (American Chemical World 6, No. 6, June 2001. Abrahams, I. L., European Coatings
Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry), Journal, No. 10, 1996.
1994. “All Change (History and Future of
Ultraviolet Cured Products),” Lockwood, “Waterborne Urethane Chemistry for Clear
“Waterborne Acrylic Polymers for Wood: A., PPCJ. Polymers Paint Colour Journal, Wood Varnishes,” Bell, P. B.; Bilancieri, J.
An Environmentally Friendly Approach to Feb. 2001. J. (Zeneca Resins), Paint & Ink Interna-
Finishing Timber,” Martorano, R.; Amin, tional 9, No. 5, Sept./Oct.1996.
Muhammad, A.; Choo, T. H., Singapore “High Performance Polyurethane Coatings
Technical Centre, Rohm and Haas for Wood (Wood Coatings Consumed “Radiation-Curable Powder Coatings,”
Singapore Pte Ltd, Singapore, 2263, Accounts for 12.6% of All OEM Coatings Chemical and Engineering News 74, No.
Singapore; Advances in Coatings, Inks and Consumption in US),” Coatings World, 42, 14th Oct. 1996.
Adhesives, Asia-Pacific Conference, 4th, June 2001.
“Seeing the Wood for the Trees (Environ-
Hong Kong, May 16-18, 1994.
“UV-Curable Powder Coatings on Wood: mentally Friendly Wood Preservatives and
“Advances in Environmentally Benign Benefits and Performance (International),” Coatings),” Morrison, S., PPCJ. Polymers
Coatings and Adhesives,” McGinniss, V. Buysens, K., Paint & Coatings Industry, Paint Colour Journal, May 1996.
D., Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH Nov. 2001. “UV Curable Aqueous Dispersions for
43201; Proc.—Int. Conf. Org. Coat. Sci.
“UV-Curable Powder Coatings: Benefits Wood Coatings,” Wang, Z. J.; Arceneaux,
Technol., 20th, 1994.
and Performance,” Hammerton, D.; J. A.; Hall, J., Radcure Business, UCB
Buysens, K., Paint & Coatings Industry, Chemicals, Izmir, GA; Modern Paint and
Trade Journal Articles Coatings, 1996.
“Wood Coatings Market,” Canning, E. C., “The Degradation and Durability of
Coatings World 7, No. 2, Feb. 2002. “Choosing Binders for Higher Performance
Coatings,” Mestach, D. (Akzo Nobel Radcure Coatings,” Holman, R. J., PPCJ.
“Manufacturing: UV or Not UV,” Cabinet Polymers Paint Colour Journal, Oct. 1995.
Resins BV), Polymers Paint Colour Journal
Maker, 8 Nov. 2002. 190, No. 4431, Aug. 2000. “Radiation Curing of Wood Finishes,”
“Water-based Finishes: The Clear Option Dufour, P. (UCB Chemicals, Speciality
“Heading for the Great Outdoors,” Megert,
(Wood Finishing),” Buss, J., Coatings, v24, Chemicals Div.), Paint & Ink International 8,
S., Ciba Specialty Chemicals; Polymers
n3, November 1, 2002. No. 1, Jan/Feb. 1995.
Paint Colour Journal 190, Sept. 2000.
“Foundations for the Future: Conference “Developing a No-VOC Wood Topcoat
“Alternate Technologies Knocking on
(Volatile Organic Compound),” Huang, E.;
Addresses the Latest Developments in Wood Market’s Doors (Coatings Technol- McCrillis, R., Modern Paint and Coatings,
Wood Coatings (Research & Technology: ogy),” Scianna, M., Coatings, Sept. 1999. July 1995.
Wood Coatings),” Bowtell, M., Modern
Paint and Coatings, November 1, 2002. “UV Curable Waterborne Dispersions for “Radiation Curing of Wood Finishes,”
Wood Coating,” Peeters, S.; Bleus, J. P.; Dufour P (UCB NV, Speciality Chemicals
“Cutting Edge Conference: Radtech 2002 Wang, Z. J.; Arceneaux, J. A.; Hall, J., UCB Div.), Polymers Paint Colour Journal 184,
proved to be a popular event. Stephen Chemicals, Drogenbos, B-1620, Belgium; No. 4358, 12th Oct. 1994.
Davidson reviews the best papers and Paint & Ink International, 1998.
concepts were put forward during the “Non-Acrylate UV-Curable Wood
conference and exhibition (Radiation “UV Curable Waterborne Dispersions for Coatings,” Zahora, E. P.; Lapin, S. C.;
Curing),” Davidson, S., PPCJ. Polymers Wood Coating,” Peeters, S.; Bleus, J. P.; Noren, G. K.; Wehman, E., DSM Resins
Paint Colour Journal, July 2002. Wang, Z. J.; Arceneaux, J. A.; Hall, J., UCB U. S., Inc., Elgin, IL; Modern Paint and
Chemicals, Drogenbos, B-1620, Belgium; Coatings, 1994.
“Kinder to the Environment,” Akkerman, Paint & Ink International, 1998.
J. M.; Hall, R.; Mestach, D.; Vandervoorde, “Radiation Curing Sweeps North America
P. M., Akzo Nobel Resins BV; Polymers “A Radiation-Cure Primer,” Koleske, J. V., and Europe,” Anon., Adhesives Age,
Paint Colour Journal 191, 2002 Journal of Coatings Technology, March 1997. July 1994.
MAY/JUNE 2003 RADTECH REPORT 19
Technical Papers “Photodiscoloration Inhibition of Wood Furniture Coatings,” Salthammer, T.;
Coated with UV-Curable Acrylic Clear Schwarz, A.; Fuhrmann, F., Wilhelm-
“UV-Active Waxes for Wood Coating Coatings and Its Elucidation,” Chang, Klauditz-Institut (WKI), Fraunhofer-Institut
Systems,” Krendlinger, E.; Ehrhardt, H.; Shang-Tzen; Chou, Pai-Lung, Department fur Holzforschung, Braunschweig, D-38108,
Heinrichs F-L.; Endres, H., Vereinigten of Forestry, National Taiwan University, Germany; Atmospheric Environment, 1998.
Aluminium Werken, Bonn, Germany; Taipei, 106, Taiwan; Polymer Degradation
European Coatings Journal, 2002. and Stability, 2000. “UV Protection Improvement for Natural Oil
Coatings,” Athey, R. D.; Heywood, N. W.;
“Comparison of Chemical Characteristic “UV Curing of Aqueous Polyurethane Harlan, H. (Harlan Associates), European
Variations for Photodegraded Softwood Acrylate Dispersions. A Comparative Study Coatings Journal, Nos. 1-2, 1998.
and Hardwood with/without Polyurethane by Real-Time FTIR Spectroscopy and Pilot
Clear Coatings,” Hui-Ting Chang; Ting- Scale Curing,” Tauber, A.; Scherzer, T.; “Synthesis and Properties of UV-Curable
Feng Yeh; Shang-Tzen Chang, Taiwan Mehnert, R., The Journal of Coatings Waterborne Unsaturated Polyester for
National University; Polymer Degradation Technology, 2000. Wood Coating,” Lung, Soon-Joon; Lee,
and Stability, 2002. Sang-Jin; Cho, Won-Iei; Ha, Chang-Sik,
“Performance Enhancing Polysiloxanes in Department of Polymer Science and
“UV Curing of Black Pigmented Coating UV Coatings,” Cackovich, A.; Perry, D., Engineering, Pusan, National University,
Materials: Black Pigmented UV-Curable Dow Corning GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany; Pusan, 609-735, S. Korea; Journal of
Coating Materials Intended for Application Surface Coatings International, 2000. Applied Polymer Science, 1998.
on Wood Veneer and Fiberboard were
Prepared and Used to Compare Different “Photo-Discoloration of UV-Curable Acrylic “New UV-Curable Cyclotriphosphazenes
Compositions,” Pietschmann; Peter, I.; Coatings and the Underlying Wood,” as Fire-Retardant Coating Materials for
Stroh, P., Paint & Coatings Industry, 2002 Shang-Tzen Chang; Pai-Lung Chou Wood,” Chen-Yang, Y. W.; Chuang, J. R.;
(Taiwan, National University); Polymer Yang, Y. C.; Li, C. Y.; Chiu, Y. S., Depart-
“UV Powder Coatings for Wood Degradation and Stability 63, No. 3, 1999. ment of Chemistry, Chung Yuan Christian
Applications,” Buysens, K.; Jacques, K., University, Chung-Li, 320, Taiwan; Journal
UCB Chemicals, Drogenbos, Belgium; “Environmentally-Benign Coating System
of Applied Polymer Science, 1998.
European Coatings Journal, 2001. for Wood Kitchen Cabinets,” Industrial
Health & Hazards Update, July 1999. “Demonstration of No-VOC/No-HAP Wood
“New UV-Curing Wood Coatings for Furniture Coating System,” Huang, E. W.;
Exterior Applications,” Friebel, S., “Silicones for Waterborne Wood
Guan, R.; McCrillis, R. C., AeroVironment
University of Durham, UK; European Coatings,” Easton. T.; Cackovich, A.
Environmental Services Inc., Monrovia, CA
Coatings Journal, 2001. (Dow Corning Europe), European Coatings
91016, Emerging Solutions to VOC & Air
Journal, No. 10, 1999.
“New polyester acrylate resins from palm Toxics Control, Proceedings of a Specialty
oil for wood coating application,” Ali, M. “Pollution Prevention and the Use of Low- Conference, San Diego, Feb. 26-28, 1997.
Azam; Ooi, T. L.; Salmiah, A.; Ishiaku, VOC/HAP Coatings at Wood Furniture
“Ultraviolet Curing of Epoxy Coating on
Umaru S.; Ishak, Z. A. Mohd, Advanced Manufacturing Facilities,” Marshall, Amy
Wood Surface,” Ali, K. M.; Khan, Mubarak
Oleochemical Technology Centre (AOTC), M.; Spaight, Jennifer L.; Jones, Julian W.,
A.; Rahman, M.; Ghani, M., Radiation and
Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia Midwest Research Institute, Cary, NC,
Polymer Chemistry Laboratory, Institute of
(PORIM), Kuala Lumpur, 43500, Malaysia; 27511; Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Nuclear Science and Technology,
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2001. Proceedings CD-ROM—Air & Waste
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission,
Management Association, 92nd, St. Louis,
“Relationships Between the Performance Dhaka, Bangladesh; Journal of Applied
MO, June 20-24, 1999.
of Low-VOC Wood Coatings and the Polymer Science, 1997.
Dimensional Changes of the Wooden “Wetting Properties of Wood in Correla-
“New Coating Technologies for Wood
Substrate,” De Meijer, M.; Creemers, J.; tion with Coatings Adhesion,” Zivanovic- Products. Curing of Pigmented Systems
Cobben, W., SHR Timber Research, Trbojevic, R.; Jaic, M., Faculty of Forestry, Using Excimer Lasers,” Tavakoli, M.;
Wageningen, NL-6700 AL, Neth.; Surface University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Yugosla- Riches, S. T.; Shipman, J.; Thomas, M.,
Coatings International, Part B: Coatings via; Proceedings of the International TWI, UK; European Coatings Journal, 1997.
Transactions, 2001. Conference on the Development of Wood
Science, Wood Technology and Forestry, “New Coating Technologies for Wood
“Rheological Approach to the Capillary 4th, Great Missenden, United Kingdom, Products. An Assessment of Rapid Curing
Penetration of Coating into Wood,” July 14-16, 1999. Technologies,” Tavakoli, M.; Riches, S. T.;
de Meijer, M.; van de Velde, B.; Militz, Shipman, J.; Thomas, M., Welding Institute,
H., Wageningen Univ., Wageningen, “Mildew and Mildew Control for Wood UK; European Coatings Journal, 1997.
NL-6700AH, Neth.; Journal of Coatings Surfaces (Technology Forum: Wood
Technology, 2001. Coatings),” Bussjaeger, S.; Daisey, G.; “Assessment of Ultraviolet Radiation
Simmons, R.; Spindel, S.; Williams, S., Exposure in the Wood Surface Coating
“Vegetable Oil-Modified Polyether The Journal of Coatings Technology, Industry,” Surakka, J.; Fischer, T.; Rosen, G.;
Acrylate,” European Coatings Journal, March 1999. Nylander-French, L. A., Div. Work Organiza-
No. 3, March 2001. tion Technol., Natl. Inst. Working Life, Solna,
“Bayesian Estimation of Volatile Organic S-171 84, Sweden, Applied Occupational
“Surface Contamination to UV-Curable Emissions from Wood Furniture Coating,” and Environmental Hygiene, 1997.
Acrylates in the Furniture and Parquet Anex, R. P.; Lund, J. R., Public Policy
Industry,” Surakka, Jouni; Lindh, Tomas; Program, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK “UV Curing of Epoxy Coating on Wood
Rosen, Gunnar; Fischer, Torkel; Program 73019, Journal of Environmental Engineer- Surface,” Idriss Ali, K. M.; Khan, M. A.;
for Research and Development Processes, ing (Reston, Virginia), 1999. Rahman, M.; Ghani, M., (Bangladesh,
National Institute for Working Life, Atomic Energy Commission; Jahangirnagar,
Stockholm, Sweden, Applied Occupational “Emission of Reactive Compounds and University); Journal of Applied Polymer
and Environmental Hygiene, 2001. Secondary Products From Wood-Based Science 66, No. 10, 5th, Dec. 1997.
20 RADTECH REPORT MAY/JUNE 2003
“Fine Tuning the Mechanical Properties of “Heavy Metal Content of Wooden “Assessment of Worker Exposure in the
UV Coatings. (Ultraviolet Coatings),” Furniture Coatings,” Uhde, E.; Processing of Ultraviolet Radiation-Cured
Schwalm, R.; Haussling L.; Reich, W.; Salthammer, T.; Marutzky, R.; Bahadir, M., Acrylate Lacquer-Coated Wood Products,”
Beck, E.; Enenkel, P.; Menzel, K.; Keil, E., Wilhelm-Klauditz-Inst., Braunschweig, Nylander-French, L. A.; Fischer, T.;
Modern Paint and Coatings, Sept. 1997. D-38108, Germany; Toxicological and Hultengren, M.; Lewne, M.; Rosen, G.,
Environmental Chemistry, 1996. Division Industrial Hygiene, National
“Safety and Handling of UV/EB Curing
Materials. (Ultraviolet/Electron Beam Institute Occupational Health, Solna, S-171
“A Concerted Effort to Understand the
Curing),” Golden, R., Journal of Coatings 84, Sweden; Applied Occupational and
Environmental Issues in the Wood
Technology, August 1997. Environmental Hygiene, 1994.
Finishing Industry and an Analysis of the
Possible Technological Solutions,” Gerosa, “Low Viscous UV-Curable Wood Coat-
“Low-VOC Wood Floor Varnishes from
Waterborne Oil-Modified Urethanes,” P., European Laboratories, Rohm & Haas, ings,” Megens, P., AKZO Resins BV,
Ingle, David M.; Petschke, Glenn H., Valbonne, France; Proceedings of the Bergen op Zoom, 4600 AB, Neth.; Surface
Reichhold Chemicals, Inc., Research International Waterborne, High-Solids, and Coatings International, 1994.
Triangle Park, NC, 27709-3582, USA; Powder Coatings Symposium, 1996.
Emerging Solutions to VOC & Air Toxics “UV Curing of Pigmented High-Build Wood Acknowledgments
Control, Proceedings of a Specialty Coatings Based on Non-Air-Inhibited
Conference, San Diego, Feb. 26-28, 1997. This compilation could not have been
Unsaturated Polyesters,” Dvorchak, Michael
completed without the efforts of Courtney
“Fillers in UV-Curing Wood Finishes,” Heckl, J., Miles Inc., Pittsburgh, PA 15205; Journal
Price, who first screened the literature
Siegfried; Oggermuller, Hubert, Hoffmann of Coatings Technology, 1995.
searches, and Vicky Leed, who typed and
Mineral, Neuburg, Germany, 1997. “Grafted Silicas Improve Coatings,” formatted them. ◗
“Release of Photoinitiator Fragments from Eranian, A.; Roux, C. (Societe Francaise
UV-Cured Furniture Coatings (Ultraviolet),” Hoechst SA), Informations Chimie, No. —J.S. Ross is program manager,
Salthammer, T., Journal of Coatings 371, Sept.1995. Coatings, AFP Innovation,
Technology, May, 1996. Armstrong World Industries,
“New Directions in Radiation Cured
“Environmentally Friendly Wood Preserva- Coatings,” Fuller, M. (Croda Resins Ltd.); Lancaster, Penn.
tives & Coatings,” Surface Coatings Surface Coatings International 78, No. 7,
International 79, No. 6, June 1996. July 1995.
“Source Reduction of VOC and Hazardous
Organic Emissions From Wood Furniture
Coatings,” Huang, E. W.; McCrillis, R. C.,
AeroVironment Inc., Monrovia, CA,
Proceedings, Annual Meeting—Air &
Waste Management Association, 1996.
“Role of Additives on UV Curable Coatings
on Wood,” Viengkhou, V.; Ng, L.-T.;
Garnett, J. L., Dep. Chem., Univ. Western
Sydney-Nepean, Kingswood, 2747,
Australia; Journal of Applied Polymer
“Painting and Finishing Exterior Wood,”
Feist, W. C., Journal of Coatings
Technology, May 1996.
“New Coating Technologies for Wood
Products,” Tavakoli, M.; Riches, S. T.;
Shipman, J.; Thomas, M., University
Prime UV Ad
Aston, Birmingham, UK; European 1/3 pg/B&W
Coatings Journal, 1996. P/U Mar/Apr ’03 pg.11
“Test Methods and Specifications for
Wood Coating Systems,” Svane, P.; Miller,
E. R., Coating Consultancy, Copenhagen,
Den.; Durability of Building Materials and
Components 7, Proceedings of the
International Conference on Durability of
Building Materials and Components, 7th,
Stockholm, May 19-23, 1996.
“Comparative Testing of the Performance
of Several Types of Coating Systems for
the Protection of Wooden Window
Frames,” Alblas, B. P.; van Londen, A. M.,
Centrum Onderzoek Technisch Advies,
Overveen, 2050 Neth.; Surface Coatings
MAY/JUNE 2003 RADTECH REPORT 21