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PayPal Inc.

Type Founded Headquarters Parent Website Alexa rank Advertising Available in Current status Screenshot

Subsidiary of eBay Palo Alto, California USA (1998) San Jose, California USA eBay ~300 none Multilingual active

eBay’s North First Street satellite office campus (home to PayPal’s corporate headquarters) establish their own PayPal deposit account or request a transfer to their bank account. PayPal is an example of a payment intermediary service that facilitates worldwide ecommerce. PayPal performs payment processing for online vendors, auction sites, and other commercial users, for which it charges a fee. It sometimes also charges a transaction fee for receiving money (a percentage of the amount sent plus an additional fixed amount). The fees charged depend on the currency used, the payment option used, the country of the sender, the country of the recipient, the amount sent and the recipient’s account type.[1] In addition, eBay purchases made by credit card through PayPal may incur a "foreign transaction fee" if the seller is located in another country, as credit card issuers are automatically informed of the seller’s country of origin. On October 3, 2002, PayPal became a wholly owned subsidiary of eBay.[2] Its corporate headquarters are in San Jose, California, United States at eBay’s North First Street satellite office campus. The company also has significant operations in Omaha, Nebraska; Scottsdale, Arizona; and Austin, Texas in the U.S.; India; Dublin, Ireland; and Berlin, Germany, and now also in Tel-Aviv, Israel after PayPal acquired an Israeli startup called FraudSciences for $169 million.[3] As

PayPal homepage

PayPal is an e-commerce business allowing payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet. PayPal serves as an electronic alternative to traditional paper methods such as checks and money orders. A PayPal account can be funded with an electronic debit from a bank account or by a credit card. The recipient of a PayPal transfer can either request a check from PayPal,


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of July 2007, across Europe, PayPal also operates as a Luxembourg-based bank.

service. PayPal was able to turn the corner and become the first dot-com to IPO after the September 11 attacks.

The current incarnation of PayPal is the result of a March 2000 merger between Confinity and[4] Confinity was founded in December 1998 by Max Levchin, Peter Thiel, Luke Nosek, and Ken Howery, initially as a Palm Pilot payments and cryptography company.[5] was founded by Elon Musk in March 1999, initially as an Internet financial services company. Both Confinity and launched their websites in late 1999. Both companies were located on University Avenue in Palo Alto. Confinity’s website was initially focused on reconciling beamed payments from Palm Pilots[6] with email payments as a feature and’s website initially included financial services with email payments as a feature. At Confinity, many of the initial recruits were alumni of The Stanford Review, also founded by Peter Thiel, and most early engineers hailed from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, recruited by Max Levchin. On the side, Elon Musk recruited a wide range of technical and business personnel, including many that were critical to the combined company’s success, such as Amy Klement, Sal Giambanco, Roelof Botha[7] of Sequoia Capital, Sanjay Bhargava and Jeremy Stoppelman.[8] To block potentially fraudulent access by automated systems, PayPal used a system (see CAPTCHA) of making the user enter numbers from a blurry picture, which they coined the Gausebeck-Levchin test. eBay watched the rise in volume of its online payments and realized the fit of an online payment system with online auctions. eBay purchased Billpoint in May 1999, prior to the existence of PayPal. eBay made Billpoint its official payment system, dubbing it "eBay Payments," but cut the functionality of Billpoint by narrowing it to only payments made for eBay auctions. For this reason, PayPal was listed in many more auctions than Billpoint. In February 2000, the PayPal service had an average of approximately 200,000 daily auctions while Billpoint (in beta) had only 4,000 auctions. By April 2000, more than 1,000,000 auctions promoted the PayPal

Acquisition by eBay
In October 2002, PayPal was acquired by eBay for $1.5 billion.[9] PayPal had previously been the payment method of choice by more than fifty percent of eBay users, and the service competed with eBay’s subsidiary Billpoint, Citibank’s c2it, whose service was closed in late 2003, and Yahoo!’s PayDirect, whose service was closed in late 2004. Western Union announced the December 2005 shut down of their BidPay service but subsequently sold it in 2006 to CyberSource Corporation. BidPay subsequently ceased operations on 31 December 2007. Some competitors which offer some of PayPal’s services, such as Wirecard, Moneybookers, 2Checkout, CCNow and Kagi, remain in business, despite the fact that eBay now requires everyone on its Australian and United Kingdom sites to offer PayPal.[10][11] Eventually EBAY backpedaled a little, and mandated that EBAY-Australia sellers offer PayPal as ONE of the (but not necessarily the only) payment methods.[12] These accepted payment methods include bank deposit, cheques and money orders, escrow, and credit cards (processed by other than PayPal).[13] In 2008, PayPal acquired BillMeLater, an online payments company offering transactional credit at over 1000 online merchants in the US. PayPal’s total payment volume, the total value of transactions, was US$11 billion in the fourth quarter of 2006, an increase of 36% over the previous year. The company continues to focus on international growth and growth of its Merchant Services division, providing online payments for retailers off eBay.

Business today
Currently, PayPal operates in 190 markets, and it manages over 184 million accounts (More than 73 million active accounts). PayPal allows customers to send, receive, and hold funds in 19 currencies worldwide[14]. These currencies are the Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, Chinese renminbi yuan (only available for some Chinese accounts, see below), euro, pound sterling,


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Japanese yen, Czech koruna, Danish krone, Hong Kong dollar, Hungarian forint, Israeli new sheqel, Mexican peso, New Zealand dollar, Norwegian krone, Polish zloty, Singapore dollar, Swedish krona, Swiss franc,Turkish Lira and U.S. dollar. PayPal operates locally in 13 countries. Residents in 190 markets can use PayPal in their local markets to send money online. These new markets include Peru, Indonesia, the Philippines, Croatia, Fiji, Vietnam and Jordan. A complete list can be viewed at PayPal’s website. PayPal revenues for Q1 2009 were $643 million, up 11 percent year over year. 42 percent of revenues in q1 2009 were from international markets. PayPal’s Total Payment Volume (TPV), the total value of transactions in Q1 2009 was nearly $16 billion, up 10 percent year over year[15]. In 2008, PayPal’s TPV off eBay exceeded volume on eBay for the first time. PayPal’s Total Payment Volume in 2008 was $60 billion representing nearly 9 percent of global e-commerce and 15 percent of US e-commerce[16] At an analyst day on March 11, 2009, eBay CEO, John Donahoe announced that PayPal could be a larger driver of revenue than the eBay marketplaces business[17]. RIM announced that PayPal will be the only payment mechanism for its Blackberry App World, which launched on April 1, 2009.[18] In China PayPal offers two kinds of accounts: • accounts, for sending and receiving money to/from other accounts. All non-Chinese accounts are accounts, so these accounts may be used to send money internationally. • accounts, for sending and receiving money to and from other accounts. It is impossible to send money between accounts and accounts, so accounts are effectively unable to make international payments. For, the only supported currency is the renminbi. Although PayPal’s corporate headquarters are located in San Jose, PayPal’s operations center is located near Omaha, Nebraska, where the company employs more than 2,000 people as of 2007.[19]. PayPal’s European headquarters are in Luxembourg and

international headquarters in Singapore. The company also recently opened a technology center in Scottsdale, Arizona, and Chennai India.

The domain attracted at least 260 million visitors annually by 2008 according to a study.[20]

PayPal’s innovation environment, PayPalLabs, hosts several outreach and experimental projects such as the storefront application, the Myspace and Facebook donation widgets, and the PayPal blog.

Bank status
In the United States, PayPal is licensed as a money transmitter on a state-by-state basis.[21] PayPal is not classified as a bank in the United States, though the company is subject to some of the rules and regulations governing the financial industry including Regulation E consumer protections and the USA PATRIOT Act.[22] On May 15, 2007, PayPal announced that it would move its European operations from the UK to Luxembourg, commencing July 2, 2007 as PayPal (Europe) S.à r.l. & Cie, S.C.A.[23] This would be as a Luxembourg entity regulated as a bank by the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (CSSF), the Luxembourg equivalent of the FSA.[24] PayPal Luxembourg will then provide the PayPal service throughout the European Union (EU).

Safety and protection policies
The PayPal Buyer Protection Policy states that customers may file a buyer complaint within 45 days if they did not receive an item or if the item they purchased was significantly not as described. If the buyer used a credit card, they might get a refund via chargeback from their credit card company. According to PayPal, it protects sellers in a limited fashion via the Seller Protection Policy.[25] In general the Seller Protection Policy is intended to protect the seller from certain kinds of chargebacks or complaints if seller meets certain conditions including proof of delivery to the buyer. PayPal states


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
the Seller Protection Policy is "designed to protect sellers against claims by buyers of unauthorized payments and against claims of non-receipt of any merchandise". Note that this contrasts with the consumer protection they claim to offer. This policy should be read carefully before assuming protection. In particular the Seller Protection Policy includes a list of "Exclusions" which itself includes "Intangible goods", "Claims for receipt of goods ’not as described’" and "Total reversals over the annual limit". There are also other restrictions in terms of the sale itself, the payment method and the destination country the item is shipped to (simply having a tracking mechanism is not sufficient to guarantee the Seller Protection Policy is in effect).[26] A class-action lawsuit was filed against PayPal, days after the company’s successful initial public offering. [27]

using a security key with one’s account is currently available only to users registered in Australia, Germany, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States.[29] It is also possible to use a Mobile phone in the same way as a security key using SMS messages.

In Europe, PayPal is registered as a bank in Luxembourg under the legal name PayPal (Europe) Sarl et Cie SCA, a company regulated centrally by the Luxembourg bank authority, the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (CSSF)[30] (note that all of the company’s European accounts were transferred to the PayPal’s bank in Luxembourg on 2 July 2007[31]). Prior to this move, PayPal had been registered in the UK as Paypal (Europe) Ltd, an entity which was licensed as an Electronic Money Issuer with the UK’s Financial Services Authority (FSA) from 2004. This ceased in 2007, when the company moved to Luxembourg[32][33], however the Luxembourg entity is still regulated by the FSA, as it is an entity from the European Economic Area which conducts regulated activities in the UK[34]. In the US, although PayPal has an extensive User Agreement, [35] PayPal is not directly regulated by the U.S. federal government, because it serves as a payment intermediary [36]. The law is unclear as to whether PayPal is a bank, narrow bank, money services business or money transmitter. PayPal could also be subject to state regulation, but state laws vary, as do their definitions of banks, narrow banks, money services businesses and money transmitters. The most analogous regulatory source of law for PayPal transactions comes from P2P payments using credit and debit cards. Ordinarily, a credit card transaction, specifically the relationship between the issuing bank and the cardholder, is governed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA) 15 U.S.C. §§ 1601-1667f as implemented by Regulation Z, 12 C.F.R. pt. 226, (TILA/Z). TILA/Z requires specific procedures for billing errors, dispute resolution and limits cardholder liability for unauthorized charges. [37] Similarly, the legal relationship between a debit cardholder and the issuing bank is regulated by the Electronic Funds Transfer Act (EFTA) 15 U.S.C. §§ 1693-1693r, as implemented by Regulation E, 12 C.F.R. pr. 205, (EFTA/E). EFTA/E is


A PayPal security key generates a six-digit temporary login code to authenticate the user.

Security key
In early 2006, PayPal introduced an optional security key as an additional precaution against fraud. A user account tied to a security key has a modified login process: the account holder enters their login ID and password, as normal, but is then prompted to press the button on the security key and enter the six-digit number generated by it. This two-factor authentication is intended to prevent an account from being compromised by a malicious third party without access to the physical security key. If a user loses their key, they can alternatively authenticate by providing the credit card or bank account number listed on their account. The key currently costs US$5.00 for all users with no ongoing fees.[28] The option of


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
directed at consumer protection and provides strict error resolution procedures. [38] However, because PayPal is a “payment intermediary” and not otherwise regulated directly, TILA/Z and EFTA/E do not operate exactly as written once the credit/debit card transaction occurs via PayPal. Basically, unless a PayPal transaction is funded with a credit card, the consumer has no recourse in the event of fraud on behalf of the seller.


PayPal has developed substantial anti-Phishing resources,[41] for identifying and reporting phishing. PayPal encourages consumers to report all phishing emails to them, to better equip them in fighting this phenomenon —

Money transfers via PayPal create an inherent risk of fraud due to the impersonal nature of internet commerce and the gap in regulatory treatment of PayPal transactions. The existing fraud protection regulations, EFTA/E and TILA/Z, do not apply to P2P account holders as they do debit/credit card transactions outside of a P2P payment service. If an unauthorized third party obtains and uses someone’s PayPal login information and completes a transaction using the accountholder’s debit or credit card, EFTA/E and TILA/Z make PayPal responsible for the breach. There are, of course, fact specific exceptions to this rule. One is if funds are illicitly withdrawn from a PayPal deposit account. In that situation, neither PayPal nor the bank is required to return the funds, because the agreement between a consumer and PayPal makes those types of transactions “authorized”. [39] PayPal account holders’ private information is marginally protected under one federal law. Since PayPal is a “financial institution” under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLB), it cannot disclose its account holders’ nonpublic personal information to third parties unless account holders opt in to those disclosures. [40] If an account is subject to fraud or unauthorized use, PayPal puts the "Limited Access" designation on the account. At this point, the account holder must: • Log in • Reset their password • Develop a set of security questions (based in the hypothetical and not fact — i.e. What is your favorite ice cream? not What is your mother’s maiden name?) • Verify location by landline phone or by mail

Entrepreneurship by former employees
A number of companies have been started and funded by former PayPal employees. This trend prompted The New York Times to publish a story entitled, "It Pays to Have Pals in Silicon Valley," that analyzes the connections between several PayPal employees who went on to become influential.[42] • Founders Fund, a venture capital firm, was founded by Peter Thiel, Ken Howery, and Luke Nosek. Founders Fund has invested in companies founded by fellow PayPal alumni, including Slide, Geni, and Yammer. • LinkedIn was founded by Reid Hoffman, a former VP at PayPal. • Facebook received its first angel investment from Peter Thiel. • Clarium Capital Management is a hedge fund run by Peter Thiel. Principal partners at Clarium include Ken Howery and Luke Nosek, both of whom were among the earliest employees at PayPal. • Slide was founded by Max Levchin, Jared Kopf, and former PayPal board member Scott Banister. • Yelp was founded by Jeremy Stoppelmann, former VP of Engineering at PayPal, and Russ Simmons, one of the first employees at PayPal. Yelp is funded by Max Levchin. • YouTube (now owned by Google) was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, all of whom were early employees at PayPal. YouTube is funded by Sequoia Capital. Roelof Botha, the former CFO of PayPal, is a partner of Sequoia Capital who sits on YouTube’s board of directors. • Room 9 Entertainment, which produced the movie Thank You for Smoking, was founded by David O. Sacks, who founded PayPal’s Product Group and later served as Chief Operating Officer (COO).


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• and were also founded by David O. Sacks. • SpaceX was founded by Elon Musk, who founded and served as the CEO following its merger with PayPal. • Anchor Intelligence is run by Ken Miller, who was VP of Risk Management at PayPal and the architect of PayPal’s antifraud system. • Tesla Motors’ principal owner and newly minted CEO / Chairman of the Board is Elon Musk. • HourTown was founded by Ryan Donahue, an early product designer at PayPal. • TradeVibes was founded by several early PayPal employees

payment, or offers the best service for all transactions."[47]

In 2002, CertCo filed a suit against PayPal claiming patent infringement concerning the use of distributed computing systems that process micropayments, or small cash amounts. In April 2002, CertCo dropped the suit and stated that they had come to a settlement involving, "a non-consequential payment and mutual releases."[48] In March 2002, two PayPal account holders separately sued the company for alleged violations of the Electronic Funds Transfer Act (EFTA) and California law. Most of the allegations concerned PayPal’s dispute resolution procedures. The two lawsuits were merged into one class action lawsuit (In re: PayPal litigation). An informal settlement was reached in November 2003, and a formal settlement was signed on June 11, 2004. The settlement requires that PayPal change its business practices (including changing its dispute resolution procedures to make them EFTA-compliant), as well as making a US$9.25 million payment to members of the class. PayPal denied any wrongdoing.[49] In May 2002, Tumbleweed Communications filed a lawsuit against PayPal (and later expanded it to include eBay) claiming that PayPal had violated its patents for sending personalized links through e-mail, which PayPal uses to alert its customers about financial transactions. In January 2004, the two parties came to an agreement, but didn’t disclose the financial terms of their licensing agreement.[50] In June 2003, filed a lawsuit against PayPal and eBay claiming breach of contract, breach of the implied covenants of good faith and fair dealing, and interference with contract, among other claims. In a 2002 license agreement, and PayPal agreed that technology would be made available to allow PayPal users to buy and print postage online from their PayPal accounts. claimed that PayPal did not live up to its contractual obligations and accused eBay of interfering with PayPal and’s agreement, hence’s reasoning for including eBay in the suit.[51] In August 2002, Craig Comb and others filed a class action against PayPal in, Craig

See also: Criticism of eBay In September 2005, Richard Kyanka, owner of the website Something Awful, set up an account to collect donations for Hurricane Katrina to be given to the Red Cross. Due to the high rate at which donations were made, the account was automatically frozen, and Kyanka criticized the time and difficulty involved in getting PayPal’s customer service to unfreeze the account. In response to the concerns of Something Awful members over the charity used by PayPal, United Way, Kyanka finally opted to have the money refunded to the donors so that they could donate directly to their charities of choice, though PayPal did not refund exchange and handling fees for international donors.[43][44] In March 2008, Australian current affairs show Today Tonight aired a segment criticising PayPal, in regards to safety, freezing accounts and customer service.[45] Several PayPal gripe sites have been created complaining of frozen accounts and various other issues.[46].,, Some of these include web forums where apparent unhappy customers share PayPal experiences. Typical experiences include freezing accounts of eCommerce stores if they experience rapid growth, preventing them from paying suppliers. In June 2008, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission found that, "The evidence available does not support the view that PayPal is the most secure method of


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comb, et al. v. PayPal, Inc.. They sued for alleged mishandling of customer accounts and customer services, with regard to PayPal’s user agreement. Allegations included restricting deposited funds for up to 180 days until disputes are resolved; and forcing customers to arbitrate their disputes under the American Arbitration Association’s guidelines (a costly procedure), and requiring users to file claims individually rather than collectively, which undoubtedly quashes the use of class action suits. The court stated that "the User Agreement and arbitration clause are substantively unconscionable under California law" and ruled in favor of Comb.[52] In September 2003, PayPal filed suit against Bank One Corporation for patent infringement. PayPal claimed that Bank One’s online bill-payment system was an infringement against PayPal’s online bill-payment patent, issued in 1998. PayPal filed the suit after a warning to the bank’s lawyers in February went unheeded.[53] In November 2003, AT&T filed suit against eBay and PayPal claiming that their payment systems infringed an AT&T patent, filed in 1991 and granted in 1994.[54] In March 2004, PayPal and New York state’s Attorney General, Eliot Spitzer, came to an agreement to require PayPal to disclose clients’ rights and liabilities more accurately and to pay $150,000 to the state of New York for penalties and the costs of the investigation.[55]

[4] "FindlawDocumentation". 2006-12-31. agreements/paypal/ confinity.mer.2000.03.01.html. [5] "Wired Article". 2006-12-31. 0,1282,20958,00.html. [6] "Wired Article". 1999-07-27. discoveries/news/1999/07/20958. [7] Roelof Botha - Venture Capitalist Sequoia Capital [8] PayPal: An alternate history according to Elon Musk [9] Kane, Margaret (July 8, 2002). "eBay picks up PayPal for $1.5 billion". CNET (CNET Networks). 2100-1017-941964.html. Retrieved on 2007-11-13. [10] eBay announcement 24 March 2008 09:00AM GMT [11] changes.html eBay Australia announcing PayPal will be the exclusive payment method from 17 June 2008. [12] changes.html eBay Australia announcing PayPal must be ONE of the payment methods accepted by sellers. [13] payment-options.html eBay Australia payment options, which include methods other than PayPal. [14] documentdisplay.cfm?DocumentID=2260 [15] ebay/423749529x5130933x289176/ f4b1d2f8-f565-408d-9b58-54a5280ab957/ eBay_Q109_EarningsRelease.pdf [16] PayPal corporate fact sheet documentdisplay.cfm?DocumentID=2260 [17] newsstory.cfm?newsid=2197 [18] 03/31/blackberry-app-world-active-nowover-350-apps-online/ [19] Virgil Larson, "Local building, global growth: PayPal opens facility, plans to expand staff to keep up with business," Omaha World-Herald, 8 March 2007, 1D. [20] PayPal attracts 260m visitors online [21] Wolverton, Troy, FDIC decides PayPal’s no bank, ZDNet News, 2002-03-13, accessed 2008-03-19

See also
• • • • eCache Electronic money Itex Ltd Ripplepay

[1] webscr?cmd=xpt/UserAgreement/ua/ USUA-outside#fees-policy [2] Troy Wolverton (2002-10-03). "It’s official: eBay weds PayPal". CNet. Its+official+eBay+weds+PayPal/ 2100-1017_3-960658.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-07. [3]


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[22] Uniting and Strengthening America by Framework 1188 Foundation Press (2d Providing Appropriate Tools Required to ed. 2006) Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA [41] Security Center Patriot Act) Act of 2001, Pub. L. No. [42] Helft, Miguel (2006-10-17). ""It Pays to 107-56, 115 Stat. 272 (2001) Have Pals in Silicon Valley"". The New [23] Stevenson, Tom, PayPal becomes a bank York Times. The New York Times to fight off Google, Telegraph, Company. 2007-05-16, accessed 2008-03-19 10/17/technology/17paypal.html. [24] Press release, PayPal Expands European [43] Wired News Growth With Bank Charter And New [44] E-Commerce News: Security: Feds European Headquarters, 2007-05-15, Investigating Fraudulent Katrina-Related accessed 2008-03-19 Web Sites [25] User Agreement for PayPal Service (it [45] Youtube video of news report on eBay reads in part: "Credit card chargeback and PayPal aired March 2008 on an rights, if they apply, are broader than Australian news TV show called Today PayPal Buyer Protection") Tonight. [26] The in-line paypal URL in this section. [46] " Website". 2008-04-23. Disputes between Buyers and Sellers Buyer Protection Programs. [47] "Draft Notice in respect of a notification [27] PayPal [1] lodged by eBay International A.G.". [28] eBay Security Center: PayPal Security Australian Competition and Consumer Key Commission. 2008-06-12. [29] PayPal Help Center [30] trimFile.phtml?trimFileName=D08+54179.pdf&trim webscr?cmd=xpt/cps/general/ Retrieved on 2008-07-03. LUXMigrationFAQ-outside [48] "CertCo Drops PayPal Patent Suit". [31] 2008-04-23. technology/content/jun2007/ tc20070614_606853.htm?chan=technology_technology+index+page_top+stories article.php/1023191. [32] [49] "Settlement Agreement". 2004-06-11. [33] PayPalSettlementAgreement.pdf. main.jhtml?xml=/money/2007/05/15/ [50] "EBay Settles Patent Lawsuit With cnpaypal15.xml Tumbleweed Communications". [34] 2008-04-23. channel/18840325. [35] [51] " Asserts Breach of Contract webscr?cmd=xpt/UserAgreement/ua/ Claim Against PayPal and eBay". USUA-outside 2008-04-23. [36] company/news/20030625p/. viewcontent.cgi?article=1153&context=expresso [52] "Comb v. PayPal Inc.". 2007-01-21. [37] Margaret Jane Radin et al., Internet Commerce The Emerging Legal [53] "Internet: PayPal Sues Bank One Over Framework 1174-1175 Foundation Press Patent Infringement". 2008-04-23. (2d ed. 2006) [38] Margaret Jane Radin et al., Internet fullpage.html?res=9C0DEFD91F3DF932A35753C1A Commerce The Emerging Legal [54] "AT&T sues eBay, PayPal over patent". Framework 1176 Foundation Press (2d 2008-04-23. ed. 2006) 2100-1032_3-5110038.html. [39] Margaret Jane Radin et al., Internet [55] "Spitzer Obtains Agreement With ECommerce The Emerging Legal Payment Service". 2008-04-23. Archived Framework 1189-1190 Foundation Press from the original on a date that you can (2d ed. 2006) find on the archiveurl which makes [40] Margaret Jane Radin et al., Internet requiring this field seem entirely Commerce The Emerging Legal nonsensical to me..


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 5gd9LOmMk.

• "Assessing Criticism of PayPal" by Dr. Ralph F. Wilson, Web Commerce Today, Issue 56, March 15, 2002

External links
• PayPal

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