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Abuja

Abuja
Abuja, Nigeria

Abuja, Nigeria.

The Presidential Complex, National Assembly, Supreme Court and much of the town extend to the south of the rock. "Aso" means "victorious" in the language of the (now displaced) Asokoro ("the people of victory"). Other sights include the Nigerian National Mosque and the Nigerian National Christian Centre. The city is served by the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, while Zuma Rock lies nearby. Abuja is known for being the best purpose-built city in Africa as well as being one of the wealthiest and most expensive; however, the population on the semi-developed edges of the city are living in shanty towns such as Karu. Karu, originally planned to house the capital’s civil servants and lower income families, still has no running water, sanitation or electricity.[1]

History
Phase I and II represents Abuja city on a map of FCT

Territory Government - Minister Area - Total - Land

Federal Capital Territory Aliyu Modibbo Umar 713 km2 (275.3 sq mi) 713 km2 (275.3 sq mi)

Population (2006) 778,567 [1] - Total Time zone Website WAT (UTC+1) http://fct.gov.ng/fcta/

Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria. It is located in the centre of Nigeria in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Abuja is a planned city, as it was mainly built in the 1980s and officially became Nigeria’s capital on 12 December 1991, replacing the role of the previous capital Lagos. As of the 2006 census, the Federal Capital Territory has a population of 778,567. Abuja’s geography is defined by Aso Rock, a 400-metre monolith left by water erosion.

In light of the ethnic and religious divisions of Nigeria, plans had been devised since Nigeria’s independence to have its capital in a location deemed neutral to all parties. The location was eventually designated in the centre of the country in the early 1970s as it signified neutrality and national unity. Another impetus for Abuja came because of Lagos’ population boom that made that city overcrowded and conditions squalid. The logic used was similar to how Brazil planned its capital Brasília. Construction broke ground and was dedicated in the late 1970s, but due to economic and political instability, the initial stages of the city were not complete until the late 1980s. The master plan for Abuja and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was developed by International Planning Associates (IPA), a consortium made up of three American firms: Planning Research Corporation; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd; and Archisystems, a division of the Hughes Organization. The master plan for Abuja defined the general structure and major design elements of the city that are visible in the city’s current form. More detailed design of the central areas of the capital, particularly its monumental core,

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was accomplished by Kenzo Tange, a renowned Japanese architect, along with his team of city planners at Kenzo Tange and Urtec company. Most countries relocated their embassies to Abuja and many maintain their former embassies as consulates in Lagos, still the commercial capital of Nigeria. Abuja is the headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States, or ECOWAS. It also has the regional headquarters of OPEC.

Abuja

5 Districts of Abuja National Assembly building in Abuja Abuja and the FCT have experienced huge population growth; it has been reported that some areas around Abuja have been growing at 20 to 30% per year.[2] Squatter settlements and towns have spread rapidly in and outside the city limits.[3][4] Tens of thousands of people have been evicted since former FCT Minister Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai started a demolition campaign in 2003.[5] The Phase 1 area of the city is divided into five (5) districts. They are the Central, the Garki, Wuse, Maitama, and Asokoro. There are also five districts in Phase 2. They are Kado, Durumi, Gudu, Utako and Jabi. And the Phase 3 districts are Mabuchi, Katampe, Wuye and Gwarimpa. There are also five suburban districts, which are Nyanya, Karu, Gwagwalada, Kubwa, and Jukwoyi. Along the Airport Road are clusters of satellite settlements, namely Lugbe, Chika, Kuchigworo and Pyakassa. Other satellite settlements are Idu (the main industrial zone), Mpape, Karimu, Gwagwa, Dei-Dei (housing the International Livestock market and also International Building materials market). and into the Three Arms Zone to the southern base of the ring road. It is like the city’s spinal cord, dividing it into the northern sector with Maitama and Wuse, and the southern sector with Garki and Asokoro. While each district has its own clearly demarcated commercial and residential sectors, the Central District is the city’s principal Business Zone, where practically all parastatals and multinational corporations have their offices located. An attractive area in the Central District is the region known as the Three Arms Zone, so called because it houses the administrative offices of the executive, legislative and judicial arms of the Federal Government. A few of the other sites worth seeing in the area are the Federal Secretariats alongside Shehu Shagari Way, Aso Hill, the Abuja Plant Nursery, Eagle Square (which has important historic significance,as it was in this grounds that the present democratic dispensation had its origin in May 29, 1999) and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier across the road facing it. The National Mosque and National Church are located opposite each other on either side of Independence Avenue. A well known government office is the Ministry of Defence, popularly nicknamed "Ship House".

Central District
Abuja’s Central District (still under construction) is located between the foot of Aso Rock

Garki District
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Abuja
Headquarters are all located in the Garki District. The tallest building in this district is the Radio House, which houses the Federal Ministry of Information and Communications, and the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN). The Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) Stations and Corporate Headquarters are also based in Garki. The Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) which oversees and runs the Administration of the Federal Capital Territory has it offices in Garki. The Office of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja is located in Area 10. Other places of note include the Arts and Culture Center and The Nigerian Police Mobile Force Headquarters in Area 10. The Abuja Municipal Area Council, which is the local Government administration has its headquarters in Area 10. The new United States Embassy is also located in the Garki district.

Wuse District
Nigerian Radio Corporation Headquarters in Abuja The Garki District is the area in the southwest corner of the city, having the Central District to the north and the Asokoro District to the east. The District is subdivided into units called "Areas". Garki uses a distinctive naming convention of "Area" to refer to parts of Garki. These are designated as Areas 1 to 11. Garki II is used to differentiate the area from Garki Area 2. Visitors may at first find this system of names confusing. Garki is presently the principal business district of Abuja. Numerous buildings of interest are located in this area. Some of them include the General Post Office, Abuja International Conference Center located along the busy Herbert Maculay Way, Nicon Luxury Hotel (formally known as Abuja Sofitel Hotel and Le Meridian), Agura Hotel and Old Federal Secretariat Complex Buildings (Area 1). Area 2 is mainly used for residential purposes, although a zoological garden as well as Garki Shopping Center are located in Area 2. Several banks and other commercial offices are located along Moshood Abiola Way in Area 7. The Headquarters of the Nigerian Armed Forces, namely Army Headquarters, Airforce Headquarters and Navy Wuse District is the northwestern part of the city, with the Maitama District to its north and the Central District to its south. The District is numbered Zones 1-8. The Wuse Market is Abuja’s principal market (Zone 5). The second most important Post Office in the city is located here. This district also houses the Sheraton Hotel and Towers (Zone 4), Ibro International hotel, the Foreign Affairs Ministry Headquarters (Zone 1) and Nigerian Customs Services Headquarters, Corporate Affairs Commission (Zone 5), Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), National Agency For Food And Drugs Administration (NAFDAC) (Zone 7), Wuse General Hospital, and the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation. Just as Garki District has Garki II, Wuse has Wuse II. This is distinct from Wuse Zone 2.

Maitama District
Maitama District is to the north of the city, with the Wuse and Central Districts lying to its southwest and southeast respectively. This area is home to the top bracket sections of society and business, and has the reputation of being very exclusive and very expensive. Interesting buildings include the Transcorp Hilton Hotel, National Communications Commission Headquarters (NCC), National Universities Commission(NUC), Soil Conservation Complex, and Independent

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Abuja

Weather and climate

National Communications Commission Headquarters in Abuja. National Electoral Commission(INEC). The British High Commission is located along Aguiyi Ironsi Way, in Maitama. Also, the Maitama District Hospital is another notable building in Maitama. Maitama District is home to many of the European embassies in Nigeria. The Maitama Amusement Park is another exciting place where children and adults go to have lots of fun.

Abuja National Mosque. Photo taken during Harmattan. The FCT experiences three weather conditions annually. This includes a warm, humid rainy season and a blistering dry season. In between the two seasons, there is a brief interlude of harmattan occasioned by the North East Trade Wind, with the main feature of dust haze, intensified coldness and dryness. The rainy season begins from April and ends in October, when daytime temperatures reach 28-30 degrees and nighttime lows hover around 22-23 degrees. In the dry season, daytime temperatures can soar as high as 40 degrees and nighttime temperatures can dip to 12 degrees, resulting in chilly evenings. Even the chilliest nights can be followed by daytime temperatures well above 30 degrees. The high altitudes and undulating terrain of the FCT act as moderating influence on the weather of the territory. Rainfall in the FCT reflects the territory’s location on the windward side of the Jos Plateau and the zone of rising air masses. The annual total rainfall is in the range of 1100 mm to 1600 mm.

Asokoro District
Asokoro District, the doyen of all the districts, houses all of the state’s lodges/guest houses. The ECOWAS secretariat is a focal point of interest. Asokoro is located to the east of Garki district and south of Central district. It is one of the most exclusive districts of Abuja and houses virtually all of the federal cabinet ministers; in addition, the Presidential Palace (Aso Rock) is located in Asokoro district. By virtue of this fact, Asokoro is the most secured area of the city.

Gwarimpa District
Gwarimpa is the last district located in the Abuja Municipal Area Council. It contains the largest single housing estate in Nigeria, called the Gwarimpa Housing Estate. The Estate was built by the Administration of General Sani Abacha and is the largest of its kind in Africa. It provides residence for the majority of the civil servants in Federal Ministries and government parastatals. The ECOWAS Court has an official quarters for the President and Members of the Court in Gwarimpa.

Vegetation
The area now designated the Federal Capital Territory falls within the Savannah Zone vegetation of the West African sub-region. Patches of rain forest, however, occur in the Gwagwa plains, especially in the gullied train to the south and the rugged south-eastern parts of the territory. These areas of the FCT form one of the surviving occurrences of the mature forest vegetation in Nigeria. The dominant vegetation of the Territory is, however, classified into three savannah types.

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The Park or Grassy Savannah This is about 53 percent (i.e. 4,231 square km) of the total area of the FCT. Vegetation occurs annually and tree species found include; Albizia, Zygia, Butyrospernum paradoxum, Anniellia, Oliveri and Parkia Clappertoniana. The Savannah Woodland This region covers 12.8 percent of 1,026 square km of the territory. It occurs mostly on the Gurara, Robo and Rubochi plains and surrounding hills. Common trees found in this region include; afzelia, africana anogeissus, leiocarpus, butyroscarpus paradoxim, daniella oliveri, khaya senegalensis, prosopis africana, uapaca togoensis, albizia, zygia, vitex doniant, bombox costatum and ptrecarpus erinaceus. The Shrub Savannah This class of vegetation occurs extensively in rough terrain close to hills and ridges in all parts of the territory. It covers about 12.9 percent or 1,031 square km of the land area. Tree species found in it include: antiaris africana, anthocleista nobils, ceiba pentandra, cola gigantean, celtis spp, Chorophora excels (iroko), khaya grandifolia (Benin Mahogany) terminalia superb (afara), triplochiton scleroxylon and dracacna arborea. Certain tree species normally associated with other parts of the rain forest in the south of Nigeria are also found in some of the forest patches, e.g. piptadeniatrum africanum (agboin), lophira alata (ekki) and terminalia ivorensis (idigbo). Apart from the rain forest elements, some dominant tree species of the savannah wood lands yield high quality timber, e.g. Anogeissus leiocarpus, daneilla oliveri, khaya senegalensis and pterocarpus arenaceous.

Abuja
and now head of Nigeria’s bid team, General Yakubu Gowon, called for all Nigerians to support the games for the "glory of Nigeria". He suggested Nigeria would be a prime location for the games because of its unity, serenity, topography and availability of standard sporting facilities. In 2003, Abuja hosted the All-Africa Games, the African regional version of the Olympics, for which it constructed an Olympic style stadium and games village. It was a more or less successful tournament with more than 7,000 athletes; however, many problems, especially logistical ones, demonstrated that Nigeria was not quite ready to host something as large as the Commonwealth Games.

Inside Abuja Stadium The 2014 Commonwealth Games would have been an integral part of national celebration plans for Nigeria’s centenary. The Abuja bid received support from African commonwealth members as well as Australia, in what would have been the largest multi-sport event to be held thus far on the continent. Abuja airport was planned to be modernised to cater for the capacity of the influx due to the games. This was intended to further boost their bid to host the games. A light rail transit system was also to feature in the new Abuja getting ready for the 2014 Abuja Commonwealth games. The Abuja Masterplan, a city plan including high rise buildings, artificial lakes, and tourist resorts such as Heritage city, a huge roller coaster resort, will be featured in Abuja by 2014. Few of these plans were, in the end, deemed realistic.

2014 Commonwealth Games
Abuja was bidding head to head with Glasgow, Scotland to host the Commonwealth Games in 2014. If successful Abuja would have become the first African city to host the event. However, Glasgow was declared the winning city. Former Nigerian military ruler

Points of interest
Skyline
The Abuja skyline is made up of mostly midrange and a few tall buildings. Only recently have tall buildings begun to appear on the city’s skyline. Most of the buildings are modern in design, reflecting that it is a new and

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
modern city. Future plans have been made for skyscrapers, including the Millennium Tower which is currently under construction. When finished, this structure will loom above the city at 170 vertical meters. • • • • • • •

Abuja
IBB Golf Centre Ecowas Secretariat National Women Development Centre Ushafa Pottery Centre Ladi Kwali Pottery Centre Giri Pottery Centre Millennium park

Abuja Images

Sister Cities
Abuja Office Building Brasília, Brazil. Abuja City View of Detroit, Churchgate Abuja OverlookingUnited States. Gate Headquarters Tower Abuja Skyline Parks and open areas of the Central Bank of NiAbuja is home to several parks and green geria in areas with the largest one being Millennium Abuja Park. Millennium Park was designed by world renowned architect Manfredi Nicoletti and was officially opened by the United Kingdom’s Queen Elizabeth II. Transcorp Millennium Millennium Hilton Park Park Hotel

Federal Secretariat Ship House, Abuja Space Buildings Defense Headquarters Center

See also

Abuja Landmarks
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Millennium Tower (Abuja) U/C Central Bank of Nigeria headquarters Nigerian Presidential Complex Ship house, Ministry of Defence building Aso Rock, official residence of the President of Nigeria Zuma Rock NNPC towers Abuja International Conference Centre African Hall Central District Nigerian Communications Commission building Maitama District home of the embassies National Library National Mosque National Ecumenical Centre (National Church) Abuja Stadium The Velodrome Nnamdi Azikwe International Airport Strabag Hills Usuma Dam Usuma River Jabi River Gurara River Abuja Love Garden Abuja Amusement Park Abuja Zoological Park

References

[1] BBC NEWS | World | Africa | Life of poverty in Abuja’s wealth [2] "World Bank Conference: African Regional Roundtable on Upgrading Lowincome Settlements". www.citiesalliance.org. World Bank, 3 October-5 2000, Johannesburg, South Africa, p. 16. http://www.citiesalliance.org/cdsdb.nsf/ Attachments/South+Africa+roundtable/ $File/ African+Regional+Roundtable+on+Upgrading+Oct0 Retrieved on 2007-08-10. [3] "Life of poverty in Abuja’s wealth". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC News, Tuesday, 13 February 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/ hi/africa/6355269.stm. Retrieved on 2007-08-10. [4] "Resettlement Issues, Squatter Settlements and the Problems of Land Administration in Abuja, Nigeria’s Federal Capital". fig.net. 5th FIG Regional Conference Accra, Ghana, 8 March-11, 2006. http://www.fig.net/pub/ accra/papers/ts18/ts18_01_jibril.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-08-10. [5] "In a Dream City, a Nightmare for the Common Man". nyt.com. New York

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Abuja

Times, 13 December 2006. • Abuja.Net http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/13/ • Abuja Bid Announcement world/africa/ • Abujacity.com 13abuja.html?ex=1323666000&en=9b1bb2ecd684791c&ei=5090&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss. • for information about life in Abuja Retrieved on 2007-08-10. Coordinates: 9°04′N 7°29′E / 9.067°N 7.483°E / 9.067; 7.483

External links
• Official site of Nigeria’s Federal Capital Territory (FCT) and City of Abuja

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abuja" Categories: Host cities of the All-Africa Games, Capitals in Africa, Cities, towns and villages in Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria, Planned cities, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria This page was last modified on 21 May 2009, at 03:38 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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