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Allan Huber Selig July 30, 1934 (1934-07-30) Milwaukee, Wisconsin American History and Political Science from the University of Wisconsin Madison in 1956. Commissioner of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball 1992–present
Occupation Employer Term Website MLB Bio
Allan Huber "Bud" Selig (born July 30, 1934 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is the Commissioner of Major League Baseball, having served in that capacity since 1992 as the acting commissioner, and as the official commissioner since 1998. Selig oversaw baseball through the 1994 strike, the introduction of the wild card, interleague play, and the merging of the National and American leagues under the Office of the Commissioner. He was instrumental in organizing the World Baseball Classic in 2006. Selig also introduced revenue sharing. He is credited for the financial turnaround of baseball during his tenure with a 400 percent increase in
the revenue of MLB and annual record breaking attendance. Selig enjoys a high level of support from baseball owners. Jerome Holtzman, Major League Baseball’s official historian from 1999 until his passing in 2008, believed that Selig was the best commissioner in baseball history. During Selig’s term of service, the use of steroids and other performance enhancing drugs became a public issue. The Mitchell Report, commissioned by Selig, concluded that the MLB commissioners, club officials, the Players Association, and the players all share "to some extent in the responsibility for the steroid era." Following the release of the Mitchell Report, Congressman Cliff Stearns called publicly for Selig to step down as commissioner, citing his "glacial response" to the "growing stain on baseball." Selig has pledged on numerous occasions to rid baseball of performance enhancing drugs, and has overseen and instituted many rule changes and penalties to that end. Selig was previously the team owner and team president of the Milwaukee Brewers. As a Milwaukee native, he is credited for keeping baseball in Milwaukee. In 1970, he purchased the Seattle Pilots in bankruptcy court and renamed them the Milwaukee Brewers after a minor league team he had watched in his youth. The Brewers went to the 1982 World Series and won seven organization of the year awards during his tenure. Selig remains a resident of Milwaukee. On January 17, 2008, Selig’s contract was extended by the MLB through 2012, at which point he plans to retire. Selig made $14.5 million in the 12-month period ending Oct. 31, 2005.
Selig grew up in a Jewish family and eventually graduated from the University of Wisconsin Madison in 1956 with degrees in political science and history. He served 2 years in the armed forces before working with his father who owned a car leasing business in Milwaukee. Selig continues to be involved in the automotive industry, serving as
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president of the Selig Executive Lease Company. As a young man, Selig watched the Milwaukee Brewers, a minor-league affiliate of the Chicago Cubs of the National League, unrelated to the current incarnation of the Milwaukee Brewers. Bud soon became a Braves fan when the National League franchise moved to his home town of Milwaukee from Boston in 1953. Selig became the team’s largest public stockholder. Selig was heartbroken and devastated when he learned that the Braves were going to leave Milwaukee in favor of Atlanta. In 1965, when the Braves left Milwaukee, he divested his stock in the team.
moving them to Milwaukee) in 1969. He entered into an agreement to buy the club, but the American League vetoed the sale, preferring to keep an American League team in Chicago to compete with the crosstown Cubs. Selig turned his attention to other franchises. In 1970, he purchased the bankrupt Seattle Pilots franchise, moving them to his hometown and officially renaming the team the Brewers. During Selig’s tenure as club president, the Brewers participated in postseason play in 1981, when the team finished first in the American League East during the second half of the season, and in 1982, when the team made it to the World Series, under the leadership of future Hall of Famers Robin Yount and Paul Molitor. Under Selig’s watch, the Brewers also won seven Organization of the Year awards. Selig was part of owner’s collusion in 1985–1987, resulting in the owners paying $280 million in damages to the players. Upon his assumption of the commissioner’s role, Selig transferred his ownership interest in the Brewers to his daughter Wendy Selig-Prieb in order to remove any technical conflicts of interest, though it was widely presumed he maintained some hand in team operations. Although the team has been sold to Los Angeles investor Mark Attanasio, questions remain regarding Selig’s past involvement. Selig’s defenders point to the poor management of the team after SeligPrieb took control as proof that Selig was not working behind the scenes.
Milwaukee Brewers owner
See also: Atlanta Braves As a minority owner of the Milwaukee Braves, Selig founded the organization Teams, Inc, in an attempt to prevent the majority owners (based out of Chicago) from moving the club to a larger television market. This was challenged legally on the basis that no prior team relocations (in the modern era) left a city without a team. Prior movements had all originated in cities which were home to at least two teams. When his quest to keep the team in Milwaukee finally failed after the 1965 season, he changed the group’s name to Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, Inc., after the minor league baseball team he grew up watching, and devoted himself to returning Major League Baseball to Milwaukee. Selig arranged for major league games to be played at the now demolished Milwaukee County Stadium. The first, a pre-season match between the Chicago White Sox and Minnesota Twins, drew more than 51,000 spectators. Selig followed this up by hosting nine White Sox regular-season games in 1968 and eleven in 1969. Oddly enough, one of the series played in Milwaukee that year was against the expansion Seattle Pilots, the team that would become the Brewers. Those Milwaukee "home" games were phenomenally successful, with the handful of games accounting for about one-third of total White Sox home attendance. Clearly, Milwaukee was hungry for baseball. To satisfy that fanbase, Selig decided to purchase the White Sox (with the intention of
Acting Commissioner (1992–1998)
Selig became an increasingly vocal opponent of Commissioner Fay Vincent, and soon became the leader of a group of owners seeking his removal. Selig has never stated that the owners colluded, while Vincent has: The Union basically doesn’t trust the ownership because collusion was a $280 million theft by Selig and [Jerry] Reinsdorf of that money from the players. I mean, they rigged the signing of free agents. They got caught. They paid $280 million to the players. And I think that’s
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polluted labor relations in baseball ever since it happened. I think it’s the reason [MLBPA executive director Donald] Fehr has no trust in Selig. —Fay Vincent Following an 18-9 no-confidence vote, Vincent resigned. Selig had by this time become chairman of the Executive Council of Major League Baseball, and as such became de facto acting commissioner. His first major act was to institute the Wild Card and divisional playoff play, which has created much controversy amongst baseball fans. Those against the Wild Card see it as diminishing the importance of the pennant race and the regular season, with the true race often being for second rather than first place, while those in favor of it view it as an opportunity for teams to have a shot at the playoffs even when they have no chance of a first-place finish in their division, thus maintaining fan interest later in the season. Selig suspended Cincinnati Reds owner Marge Schott for a year in 1993 for repeated prejudicial remarks and actions. The same year, New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner was reinstated from a lifelong suspension that was instituted by Selig’s predecessor Fay Vincent. Pete Rose has claimed that he applied for reinstatement over the years and received no such consideration. It should be noted, that Rose along with his close friend and former teammate Mike Schmidt (who is a strong supporter of Rose’s reinstatement into baseball), met with Selig in 2002, where Rose privately admitted to Selig (two years before going public with his admission) about betting on baseball. Incidentally, Bud Selig was a close friend of the late Bart Giamatti, who was the commissioner when Rose was first banned from the sport in 1989. As acting commissioner, Selig represented MLB during the 1994 players strike and cancelled the World Series, marking the first time the annual event had not been staged since 1904).
a permanent basis midway through the 1998 season. During his tenure the game avoided a third work stoppage in 2002, and has seen the implementation of interleague play, divisional realignment, and the addition of a third round of post-season play. Whereas in the past, the National and American Leagues had separate administrative organizations (which, for example, allowed for the introduction of different rules such as the designated hitter), under Selig, Major League Baseball consolidated the administrative functions of the American and National League into the Commissioner’s Office in 2000. The last official presidents of the NL and AL were Leonard S. Coleman, Jr. and Dr. Gene Budig respectively.
Reaction after September 11, 2001
On September 11, 2001, Selig ordered all baseball games postponed for a week because of the terror attacks on New York and Washington. The games were postponed not only out of respect and mourning for the victims, but also out of concern for the safety and security of fans and players. After a dramatic conclusion of the 2001 World Series, less than 48 hours later, Selig held a vote on contracting two teams, reportedly the Minnesota Twins and Montreal Expos. This action led to Selig (along with former Expos owner Jeffrey Loria) being charged with racketeering and conspiring with Loria to deliberately defraud the Expos minority owners. If found guilty the league could have been liable for $300 million in punitive damages. Selig was eager to settle the case because the judge had previously ruled that the Expos could not be moved or contracted until the case was over. The case eventually went to arbitration and was settled out of court for an undisclosed sum.
Changes to the MLB All-Star Game
An embarrassing moment for Selig occurred during the All-Star Game in Selig’s hometown of Milwaukee. The game was tied 7-7 in the bottom of the 11th inning. Unfortunately, the recent managerial custom of granting some playing time within the regulation nine innings to as many available players as
After a six-year search for a new commissioner, the owners voted to give Selig the title on
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possible meant that the managers had used their entire rosters. To avoid risking the arms of the pitchers who were currently on the mound, Selig declared the game a tie, to the dissatisfaction of the Milwaukee fans. Since then, Selig has tried to reinvigorate the AllStar Game, most notably by awarding the winning league home-field advantage in the World Series. The 2003 All-Star Game had the same U.S. viewership as 2002 (9.5 rating; 17 share) and the ratings declined in 2004 (8.8 rating; 15 share) and 2005 (8.1 rating; 14 share). The American television audience increased in 2006 (9.3 rating; 16 share).
run record to be set by Barry Bonds, Selig asked former senator George Mitchell to lead an independent investigation into the use of steroids in baseball’s recent past. Joe Sheehan from Baseball Prospectus wrote that the commission has been focusing "blame for the era exclusively on uniformed personnel", and failing to investigate any role played by team ownership and management. Much controversy surrounded Selig and his involvement in Barry Bonds’ all-time home run record chase. For months, speculation surrounded Selig and the possibility that he and Hank Aaron would not attend Bonds’ games as he closed in on the record. Selig announced in July 2007 when Bonds was near 755 home runs that he would attend the games. Selig was in attendance for Bonds’ record-tying home run against the San Diego Padres, sitting in Padres owner John Moores’ private suite. Bud Selig did not attend the San Francisco Giants’ baseball game on August 7th when Barry Bonds hit his recordbreaking 756th home run; after the event, Selig released a statement congratulating Bonds. On November 15, 2007, attention was brought once again to Barry Bonds as he was indicted by a federal Grand Jury for perjury and obstruction of justice in connection to his testimony before the Grand Jury regarding BALCO, a San Francisco Bay area lab known to be involved in the distribution of steroids to professional athletes. On December 13, 2007, former U.S. Senator George Mitchell released his report on the use of performance-enhancing substances by MLB players. The report names many current and former players who allegedly used performance-enhancing drugs during their career, including Roger Clemens, Andy Pettitte, Miguel Tejada, Eric Gagné, and Paul Lo Duca. Selig has been widely criticized for not taking an active enough role to stem the tide of steroid use in baseball until it had blossomed into a debilitating problem for the industry. Chicago Sun Times columnist Jay Mariotti called Selig the "The Steroids Commissioner." Selig has been called to Congress several times to testify on performance enhancing drug use. Congressman Cliff Stearns said in December 2007 that Selig should resign because of use of performance enhancing drugs in baseball during his tenure.
On July 1, 2005, Selig suspended Texas Rangers pitcher Kenny Rogers for 20 games and fined him $50,000. Rogers got in trouble when on June 29, 2005, he purposely grabbed the camera of a cameraman, resulting in one camera falling to the ground. When the cameraman proceeded to pick up his camera, Rogers went back to him in an arguably threatening way. One of the reporters then resumed filming and Rogers smiled and talked to him. While an appeal of his suspension was pending, Rogers appeared at the 2005 All-Star Game in Detroit, where fans loudly booed him. On July 22, 2005, Selig heard Rogers’ appeal of his suspension; he decided to uphold the 20 games. However, an independent arbitrator ruled that Selig had exceeded his authority and reduced it to 13 games.
In 2005, Selig faced Congress on the issue of steroids. After the Congressional hearings in early 2005, and with the scrutiny of the sports and national media upon this issue, Selig put forth a proposal for a stricter performance-enhancing drug testing regime to replace the current system. This proposal also included the banning of amphetamines, a first for the major North American sports leagues. The MLB Players Association and MLB reached an agreement in November on the new policy. In early 2006, Selig was forced to deal with the issue of steroid use. On March 30, 2006, as a response to the controversy of the use of performance-enhancing drugs and the anticipated career home
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financial management, after the season, the Selig family requested that their names be removed from the list of board members.
Term of service
On December 1, 2006, Selig announced that he would be retiring as commissioner of baseball upon the expiration of his contract in 2009. Selig earned $14.5 million dollars from MLB over the timespan October 31, 2005 to October 31, 2006. However, on January 17, 2008, Selig’s contract was extended by the MLB through 2012, at which point he plans to retire.
Selig is married to his second wife, Sue Selig. He has two daughters from his previous marriage, Wendy Selig-Prieb and Sari SeligKramer, as well as a stepdaughter, Lisa Steinman. Selig-Prieb used to work for the Brewers, and Steinman currently works for MLB. He has five granddaughters: Emily Markenson, Alyssa Markenson, Marissa Savitch, Andria Savitch, and Natalie Prieb.
Notable changes to Major League Baseball
Bud Selig helped introduce the following changes to Major League Baseball: • Realignment of teams into three divisions per league, and the introduction of playoff wild card teams (1994) • Interleague play (1997) • Two additional franchises: the Arizona Diamondbacks and the Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998) • Abolition of the National and American League offices and presidencies, and inclusion of all umpiring crews into a common pool for AL and NL games, instead of having separate pools per league • Home field advantage in the World Series granted to the winner of the All Star Game in the same season (2003) • Stricter Major League Baseball performance-enhancing drug testing policy (2005) • World Baseball Classic (2006) • Introduction of instant replay in the event of a disputed home run call (2008) During Selig’s terms as Executive Council Chairman (from 1992-1998) and Commissioner, new stadiums have opened in Arizona, Atlanta, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado, Detroit, Houston, Milwaukee, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle, Arlington, St. Louis, Washington, D.C., Mets, and Yankees, with stadiums scheduled for the Twins and the Marlins in future years.
 Posnanski, Joe (2008-10-29). "In appreciation of Bud Selig" (HTML). Time Inc.. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/ 2008/writers/joe_posnanski/10/29/selig/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-13.  Bodley, Hal (2007-03-27). "Selig: Creature of habit, agent of change" (HTML). USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/ baseball/2007-03-26-selig_N.htm. Retrieved on 2008-11-13.  Microsoft Corporation (2008). "Bud Selig" (HTML). Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2008. Microsoft Corporation. http://encarta.msn.com/ encyclopedia_1741502266/ bud_selig.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-13.  ^ Selig Given 3-Year Contract Extension  ^ Selig emerges as the best of all of baseball’s bosses  Retiring? Ousted? Bud Selig’s Contract Extended to 2012  "Mitchell Report" (PDF). 310-311. http://files.mlb.com/mitchrpt.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-12-13.  Selig unlikely to penalize Giants execs Assigning blame could be difficult  The Official Site of Major League Baseball: News: Major League Baseball News  ^ MLB Bio  Interview with Fay Vincent  Schoenfield, David (2002-02-05). "Still 30 teams: Contraction timeline" (HTML). ESPN.com. http://static.espn.go.com/ mlb/s/2002/0205/1323230.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-07.
Israel Baseball League
Selig and his family served a supportive role on the Advisory Board of the Israel Baseball League during its inaugural season in 2007. In response to issues with the league’s
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Sporting positions Preceded by Fay Vincent as Commissioner Preceded by Fay Vincent
Acting Commissioner of Baseball Succeeded by 1992-1998 Became Commissioner of Baseball Commissioner of Baseball 1998-present Succeeded by Incumbent
 All-Star Game Television Ratings on Baseball Almanac  SI.com - MLB - 2006 All Star Game Ratings up for All-Star Game, HR Derby Wednesday July 12, 2006 6:41PM  "MLBPA/MLB joint announcement". MLBPA. 2005-11-15. http://mlbplayers.mlb.com/pa/releases/ releases.jsp?content=111505. Retrieved on 2007-03-21.  Sheehan, Joe (2007-05-22). "Prospectus Today — Break with the Past" (HTML). Baseball Prospectus. http://www.baseballprospectus.com/ article.php?articleid=6261. Retrieved on 2007-08-14.  Selig’s only legacy: S-T-E-R-O-I-D-S  Press, Canadian (2007-04-03). "MLB: Selig made $14.5 million last year" (HTML). The Sports Network (TSN). http://web.archive.org/web/ 20080122184319/http://www.tsn.ca/mlb/
news_story/?ID=202619&hubname=. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.  Wohlgelernter, Elli (2008-07-24), "Field of Failed Dreams" (HTML), The Jerusalem Post, http://www.jpost.com/ servlet/ Satellite?cid=1215331082409&pagename=JPost%2F retrieved on 2008-07-28
Official website MLB.com: Official info Bud Selig Biography by Baseball Almanac Bud Selig at Notable Names Database Video Of MLB Commissioner’s Speech On The State Of Baseball , February 8, 2007 • "Bud Selig: A baseball hero. Really." Nicholas Thompson, Slate.com, May 5, 2005 • Selig elected Commissioner in unanimous vote • • • • •