Springfield__Missouri

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Springfield, Missouri

Springfield, Missouri
City of Springfield, Missouri Website www.springfieldmo.gov

An aerial view of downtown Springfield

Nickname(s): The Queen City of the Ozarks, SGF

Location in the state of Missouri

Coordinates: 37°11′42″N 93°17′10″W / 37.195°N 93.28611°W / 37.195; -93.28611 Country State Counties Founded Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water Elevation Population (2007) - City - Density - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID United States Missouri Greene, Christian 1838 Thomas Carlson 73.8 sq mi (191.1 km2) 73.2 sq mi (189.5 km2) 0.6 sq mi (1.7 km2) 1,299 ft (396 m) 154,777 2,072.0/sq mi (800.0/km2) 420,020 CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 65800-65899 417 29-70000[1] 0735864[2]

Springfield is the third largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is the county seat of Greene County[3]. Springfield is 160 miles SE of Kansas City, MO, and 200 miles SW of St. Louis, MO. On July 1, 2007, the estimated population was 154,777.[4] The Springfield Metropolitan Area, ranked 114th in the U.S., includes the counties of Christian, Dallas, Greene, Polk and Webster. Springfield is near the population center of the United States, about 80 miles (130 km) to the east. Springfield’s nickname is the "The Queen City of the Ozarks." It is also known as "The Cultural Center of the Ozarks," "The Gateway to the Ozarks" and "The Birthplace of Route 66," due to its connection with the designation of U.S. Route 66. In 2008, America’s Promise Alliance ranked Springfield among its "100 Best Communities for Young People" for the third year in a row [1], which "includes cities and small towns located across the United States that are wonderful places for youth to live and grow up." In 2007, The Milken Institute ranked Springfield as a "Best Performing City" for creating and sustaining jobs,[5] and Expansion Management magazine listed Springfield among "Best Mid-Sized Metros for Recruitment and Attraction." [6] Also that year, Worldwide ERC named Springfield among "The Best Cities for Relocating Families,"[7] and the World Health Organization designated Springfield as a "Safe Community."[8] According to Forbes magazine’s list of "America’s Wildest Weather Cities," Springfield has the most varied weather in the nation.[9]

History
The territory known as Missouri was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Soon after, the Delaware Native Americans received treaty land where Springfield’s Sequiota Park and the antique stores of its Galloway Village stand today. To the west, 500

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Kickapoo Native Americans built wickiups on the prairie that still bears their name. Missouri became a state on August 10, 1821, and in 1833 the legislature designated most of the southern portion a single county. It was named for Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene, largely through a campaign by Springfield’s founder, John Polk Campbell, to honor a man he admired. A Tennessee homesteader, Campbell announced his claim in 1829.

Springfield, Missouri
route is along Interstate 44 westward to U.S. 160 (West By-pass in Springfield) and westward along U.S. 60. The Old Wire Road, then known as the Military Road, served until the mid-1840s as a connection between Springfield and the garrison at Fort Smith, Arkansas. By 1858, the Butterfield Overland Stage began utilizing the road offering passage to California. Two years later, the region’s first telegraph line was strung along the road, and it was dubbed the Telegraph or Wire Road. The road proved vital during the Civil War, and its most historic connection is to the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas. While portions of the road exist today, the most easily accessible is within Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield.

Name
The origin of the name Springfield remains unclear. In 1883 the historian R. I. Holcombe wrote, "The town took its name from the circumstance of there being a spring under the hill, on the creek, while on top of the hill, where the principal portion of the town lay, there was a field." He went on to note, "This version of the origin of the name is disputed by the editor of the Springfield Express, Mr. J. G. Newbill, who, in the issue of his paper, November 11, 1881, says: ’It has been stated that this city got its name from the fact of a spring and field being near by just west of town. But such is not a correct version. When the authorized persons met and adopted the title of the "Future Great" of the Southwest, several of the earliest settlers had handed in their favorite names, among whom was Kindred Rose, who presented the winning name, "Springfield," in honor of his former home town, Springfield, Robertson county, Tennessee.’" [2] The most common view is that the city was named for Springfield, Massachusetts. One account holds that a James Wilson, who lived in the then-unnamed city, offered free whiskey to everyone who would vote for naming it after his home town of Springfield, Massachusetts.[10]

1861-65 Civil War
With the Civil War imminent and Missouri a border state, Springfield was divided in its sentiments. On August 10, 1861, army units clashed in the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, the site of the first major conflict west of the Mississippi River, involving about 5,400 Union troops and 12,000 Confederates. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon was killed, the first Union general to die in combat, and the Confederates were victorious. Union troops fell back to Lebanon, then Rolla, and regrouped. When they returned to Springfield, the Confederates had withdrawn. The First Battle of Springfield, or Zagonyi’s Charge, occurred on October 25, 1861. It was the only Union victory that year in southwestern Missouri. The fighting led to increased military activity in Missouri and set the stage for the Battle of Pea Ridge in March 1862, which essentially cemented Union control of the state. For the next year, possession of the city seesawed. Then on January 8, 1863, Confederate forces under Gen. John S. Marmaduke advanced toward the town square and the Second Battle of Springfield ensued. As evening approached, the Confederates withdrew. The next morning, Gen. Marmaduke sent a message to Union forces asking for proper burials for Confederate casualties. The city would stay under Union control until the end of the war. Two years after the war ended, the Springfield National Cemetery was created. The dead of both the North and the South were interred there, though separated by a

1838 Incorporation
Springfield was incorporated in 1838. That same year, Cherokee Native Americans were forcibly removed by the U.S. government from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Georgia to the “Indian Territory.” Their route became known as the Trail of Tears due to the thousands of Cherokee deaths on the journey and as a result of the relocation. The Trail of Tears passed through the Springfield area via what is known today as the Old Wire Road. The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail auto tour

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low stone wall (this wall was later taken down). In 1960, the National Park Service, recognizing the significance of the 1861 battle, designated Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield. The 1,750-acre (7.1 km2) battlefield near Republic remains greatly unchanged and stands as one of the most historically pristine battle sites in the country.

Springfield, Missouri
men: Will Allen; and Horace Duncan and Fred Coker, falsely accused of sexually assaulting Mina Edwards, a white woman. They were hanged and burned by a mob more than 2,000 strong without trial in the town square. The men were hung on the town square from a tower which held a replica of the Statue of Liberty. In the immediate aftermath, two commemorative coins were reportedly issued. The lynching sparked a mass exodus of African-Americans from the area, who still remain a small minority demographic in Springfield. In more recent years, many residents were regretful that the incident occurred. A small plaque on the southeast corner of the square is the city’s only reminder.

1865 Wild Bill Hickok Shootout
In July 1865, Springfield helped give birth to the Wild West era when the town square was the site of the nation’s first recorded shootout, a “quick draw” duel between Wild Bill Hickok and Davis Tutt Jr. at high noon. Following a poker game in Kelly Kerr Saloon on Park Central Square, Tutt claimed Hickok owed him money and took his pocket watch as collateral. Tutt claimed he would wear it in public to show that Hickok didn’t pay his debts. The next day Tutt fired a shot at Hickok from 75 yards away, barely missing his head. Hickok fired back and killed Tutt with a bullet through the heart. The event made nationwide news, and the incredible marksmanship exhibited by Hickok made him known worldwide. Two small brass plaques inlaid into the pavement on Park Central Square mark the locations of both Hickok and Tutt during the famous shootout.

1926 Birthplace of Route 66
Officially recognized as the birthplace of US Route 66, it was in Springfield on April 30, 1926 that officials first proposed the name of the new Chicago-to-Los Angeles highway. John T. Woodruff of Springfield was elected as the first president of the U.S. Highway 66 Association, organized in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1927. Its purpose was to get U.S. Highway 66 paved from end to end and to promote tourism on the highway. In 1938, Route 66 became the first completely paved transcontinental highway in America — the “Mother Road” — stretching from the Great Lakes to the Pacific Coast. A placard in Park Central Square was dedicated to the city by the Route 66 Association of Missouri, and traces of the Mother Road are still visible in downtown Springfield along Kearney Street, Glenstone Avenue, College and St. Louis streets and on Missouri 266 to Halltown. The red booths and gleaming chrome in mom-and-pop diners, the stone cottages of tourist courts and the many service stations along this route saw America fall in love with the automobile.

1870 The Railroad Arrives
Following the Civil War, Springfield saw growth from Westward expansion. On April 21, 1870, the first train of the of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, which became the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway or "Frisco," rolled into Springfield, establishing a new town, North Springfield, with Commercial Street as its downtown. The area was once known as Moon City. This led to rapid growth and for many decades Springfield prospered as an important railway junction. Commercial and industrial diversification came with the railroads and strengthened the City of Springfield when the two towns merged 17 years later in 1887. Today visitors can enjoy the view from the Jefferson Avenue Footbridge, peering below to the locomotive path which is still in use.

1950s "Crossroads of Country Music"
During the 1950s, Springfield ranked third in the U.S. for originating network television programs behind New York and Hollywood. Five nationally-broadcast television series originated from the city between 1955 and 1961: Ozark Jubilee; its two spin-offs, Junior Jubilee and Five Star Jubilee; Talent Varieties; and The Eddy Arnold Show. All were

1906 Lynching
On April 14, 1906, a mob broke into the town jail, then lynched three African-American

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Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures Month Rec High °F Norm High °F Norm Low °F Rec Low °F Precip (in) Jan 76 Feb 81 Mar Apr 87 93 May Jun 93 101 Jul 113

Springfield, Missouri

Aug Sep 106 104

Oct 93

Nov 81

Dec 77

41.6 47.7 57.8 21.8 26.4 34.9 -13 -17 -3 2.11 2.28 3.82

67.7 75.9 43.6 53.4 18 30 4.31 4.57

84.6 89.9 89.5 81.2 70.6 56.4 45.5 62.2 67.1 65.6 57.4 46.1 35.3 25.9 42 44 44 31 18 4 -16 5.02 3.56 3.37 4.83 3.47 4.46 3.17

Source: USTravelWeather.com [3] carried live by ABC except for Five Star Jubilee, shown by NBC on videotape; and all were produced by Springfield’s Crossroads TV Productions owned by Ralph D. Foster. Many of the biggest names in country music frequently visited or lived in Springfield at the time. City officials estimated the programs meant about 2,000 weekly visitors and "over $1,000,000 in fresh income."[11] Staged at the Jewell Theatre (demolished in 1961), Ozark Jubilee was the first country music TV show to feature well-known performers and attract a significant national audience. Five Star Jubilee, produced from the Landers Theatre, was the first color television program to originate outside of New York City or Hollywood. Ironically, Springfield’s NBC affiliate, KYTV-TV (which helped to produce the program), was not equipped to broadcast in color and aired the show in black-and-white. The ABC, NBC and Mutual radio networks also all carried country music shows nationally from Springfield during the decade. terrain is generally flat with natural streams and karst topography and supports a variety of native trees and plants. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 73.8 square miles (191.1 km²), of which, 73.2 square miles (189.5 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.7 km²) of it (0.87%) is water.

Climate
Springfield enjoys four distinct seasons characterized by an abundance of sunshine, low wind velocity, mild temperatures and favorable humidity. The Midwestern Regional Climate Center reports annual precipitation in Springfield is 44.97 inches (1,142 mm), including an average 19.9 inches (510 mm) of snow. According to Forbes magazine’s list of "America’s Wildest Weather Cities" and the Weather Variety Index, Springfield is the city with the most varied weather in the United States.[9][14]

The Ozark Hillbilly Medallion
The Springfield Chamber of Commerce once presented visiting dignitaries with an "Ozark Hillbilly Medallion" and a certificate proclaiming the honoree a "hillbilly of the Ozarks." On June 7, 1953, President Harry Truman received the medallion after a breakfast speech at the Shrine Mosque for the 35th Division Association. Other recipients included US Army generals Omar Bradley and Matthew Ridgeway, J. C. Penny, Johnny Olson and Ralph Story.[12]

Communities within Springfield
The following are neighborhoods and communities actually within the city limits: • Brentwood • Northwest • Chesterfield • Parkwood Survival Village • Phelps • Cinnamon Square • Quail Creek • Cooper Estates • Ravenwood • Fairfield Acres • Rountree • Fox Grape • Spring Creek • Grant Beach • Southern Hills • Kingsbury Forest • Walnut Street • Kissick • West Central • Lakewood Village • Westside • Midtown Community • Mission Hills Betterment • National Place • Woodland Heights

Geography
Springfield is located at 37°11′42″N 93°17′10″W / 37.195°N 93.28611°W / 37.195; -93.28611 (37.195098, -93.286213),[13] on the Springfield Plateau of the Ozarks. The

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Springfield, Missouri

Suburbs
The following Springfield: • Ash Grove • Battlefield • Billings • Bolivar • Buffalo • Clever • Fair Grove • Fordland • Fremont Hills communities are suburbs of Highlandville Humansville Marshfield Nixa Ozark Pleasant Hope • Republic • Rogersville • • • • • • • • • • Seymour Sparta Strafford Walnut Grove • Willard

Economy
Springfield’s economy is based on health care, manufacturing, retail, education and tourism. The city’s gross metro product was $14.7 billion in 2005, 127th of 361 U.S. metro areas ranked by the U.S. Conference of Mayors. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics shows employment by sector as: 1. Education and Health Services 35,000 (17.4%) 2. Retail Trade 25,700 (12.8%) 3. Government 26,500 (13.2%) 4. Leisure and Hospitality (Tourism) 19,400 (9.7%) 5. Professional and Business Services 19,200 (9.6%) 6. Manufacturing 18,200 (9.1%) Springfield’s top 10 employers in 2008 were St. John’s Health System (7,717), CoxHealth (6,834), Wal-Mart Stores (3,927), Springfield Public Schools (2,822), Missouri State University (2,772), United States Government (2,540), Bass Pro Shops/Tracker Marine (2,525), State of Missouri (2,283), City of Springfield (1,842) and Citizens Memorial Healthcare (1,600). Nearly 900 doctors, 170 dentists and 5,300 nurses, 400 pharmacists, 600 therapists, 300 radiologists, and 500 emergency medical technicians and paramedics work in Springfield. More than 18,000 people are employed in manufacturing. The city’s largest manufacturers in terms of employment include the Paul Mueller Company, Kraft Foods, Hutchens Industries, SRC Holdings, Loren Cook Company, Positronic Industries, RegalBeloit, Carlisle Power Transmission, Solo Cup, Northrup Grumman Interconnect Technologies, Reckitt Benckiser and 3M.

Demographics
According to the US Census 2000,[1] 151,580 people, 64,691 households, and 35,709 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,072.0 people per square mile (800.0/ km²). There were 69,650 housing units at an average density of 952.1/sq mi (367.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.69% White, 3.27% African American, 0.75% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.31% of the population. There were 64,691 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.82. In the city 19.9% were under the age of 18, 17.4% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,563, and the median income for a family was $38,114. Males had a median income of $27,778 versus $20,980 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,711. About 9.9% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Bass Pro Shops

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Bass Pro Shops, John Q. Hammons Hotels & Resorts, BKD, LLP, Noble & Associates, Assemblies of God and O’Reilly Auto Parts have their national headquarters in Springfield. Springfield is a regional shopping center serving a large geographic area, including Southwest Missouri and Northwest Arkansas. It is the third-largest market in the state and one of the top 150 U.S. markets. Total retail sales exceed $4.1 billion annually in Springfield and $5.8 billion in the Springfield MSA. Its largest shopping mall is Battlefield Mall. The downtown area is currently going through a resurgence, with major investments in new and refurbished buildings accompanied by an influx of independent retailers. According to the Springfield Convention & Visitors Bureau, an estimated 3 million overnight visitors and millions of day-trippers visit the city annually. The city has more than 60 lodging facilities and 6,000 hotel rooms. The Convention & Visitors Bureau spends more than $1 million annually marketing the city as a travel destination. The Springfield Economic Area is a 29-county region with a population of more than 977,728. The Economic Area includes the following counties in Missouri: Barry, Christian, Dade, Dallas, Dent, Douglas, Greene, Hickory, Howell, Laclede, Lawrence, Oregon, Ozark, Phelps, Polk, Pulaski, Shannon, Stone, Taney, Texas, Webster and Wright. Also included are five counties in Arkansas: Baxter, Boone, Carroll, Marion and Newton.

Springfield, Missouri
Like many cities across the nation, Springfield has seen a major resurgence in its downtown area. Many of the older buildings have been, and are continuing to be, renovated into mixed-use buildings such as lofts, office space, restaurants, bars, boutiques, and music venues. There are currently more than 400 lofts in downtown Springfield, but the city expects there to be more than 1,200 by 2012. Located within the Downtown Springfield CID (Community Improvement District) are historic theaters that have been restored to their original state, including the Gillioz Theater and the Landers Theatre. In 2001 the first phase of the Jordan Valley Park opened along with the Mediacom Ice Park. 2001 also saw the opening of The Creamery Arts Center, a city-owned building inside Jordan Valley Park. It is home to the Springfield Regional Arts Council, Springfield Regional Opera, Springfield Ballet, and the Springfield Symphony Orchestra (2007) and provides office and meeting space for other arts organizations which serve the community. The center has been recently renovated to include two art galleries with monthly exhibitions, an Arts Library, rehearsal studios, and classrooms offering art workshops and hands-on activities. The facilities also include a one-of-a-kind outdoor classroom. A March, 2009 New York Times article[15] described the history and ascendancy of cashew chicken in Springfield, where local variations of the popular Chinese dish are ubiquitous. The Springfield Exposition Center opened in 2003 and development continues in the area.

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events
• Artsfest -- first weekend in May • Cider Days on Historic Walnut Street -September • Cherry Blossom Kite Festival in Mizumoto Japanese Stroll Garden -- spring • Dream Big Festival in Jordan Valley Park -summer • Japanese Fall Festival in Mizumoto Stroll Garden • Holiday Festival of Lights in Jordan Valley Park • First Night Springfield -- New Year’s Eve downtown

Downtown Springfield

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• Show-Me Missouri International Film Festival -- winter • Visioncon -- winter • Springfield Shakespeare Festival in Jordan Valley Park- last weekend of May and first weekend of June • Tent Theatre- Summer • Commercial Street Historic District • Flower Pentecostal Heritage Center • Founders Park • Gray-Campbell Farmstead

Springfield, Missouri
• The Creamery Arts Center • Trail of Tears National Historic Trail • US Route 66 marker • Wild Bill Hickok–Davis Tutt shootout site

Other annual events
Winter
• • • • Big Smith & BBQ Lawn & Garden Show Sertoma Chili Cook-Off HorseFest

National Register of Historic Places

Spring
• Earth Day - Discovery Center Free Family Fun Day • Spring Fishing Classic at Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World • Teddy Bear Rally at Dickerson Park Zoo

Summer
• • • • • • • SnowFest at Jordan Valley Park Mid-America Street Rod Nationals I Love America! Fireworks Celebration Ozark Empire Fair Fall Hunting Classic Greater Ozarks Blues Festival Moonlight Bike Ride Abou Ben Adhem Shrine Mosque • • • • • • • • • Abou Ben Adhem Shrine Mosque Christ Episcopal Church Gillioz Theater Jefferson Avenue Footbridge Landers Theatre Springfield National Cemetery Stone Chapel Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield Walnut Street Historic District

Fall
• • • • Ozark Fall Farmfest Art in the Park Spooktacular at Dickerson Park Zoo Bass Pro Shops Outdoor Fitness Festival

Museums and other points of interest
• Air & Military Museum of the Ozarks • Battle of Springfield Driving Tour • Civil War Library at Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield • Dr. Michael J. Clarke History Museum of Ozarks Scouting • History Museum for SpringfieldGreene County • Jewell Theatre marker - Jubilee Park • Missouri Institue of Natural Science - Riverbluff Cave • Railroad Historical Museum (closed) • Springfield Art Museum

Attractions
• Andy’s Frozen Custard • Askinosie Chocolate • America’s Incredible Pizza Company • Assemblies of God National Headquarters • Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World, the first and largest location • Brown Derby Stores Inc. • Missouri Sports Hall of Fame • Mizumoto Stroll Garden • OOVVDA Winery • Ozark Greenways • PFI Town • Pythian Castle • Railroad Historical Museum • Route 66 • Skinny Improv Theater • Vendor’s Mart, the Ozark’s

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International Wine Center Calaboose Candy House Gourmet Chocolates Crystal Cave Dickerson Park Zoo Discovery Center of Springfield Downtown Entertainment District EagleRider Eclectic Avenue Shops Fantastic Caverns Gillioz Theatre Global Fayre (a Fair Trade store) Grizzly Industrial History Museum for SpringfieldGreene County Honey Heaven and The Vineyard Tearoom Jefferson Avenue Footbridge JumpMania Landers Theatre Master Gardeners Demonstration Garden Mediacom Ice Park Missouri Institute of Natural Science-Riverbluff Cave largest indoor flea market and antique mall The Softball Museum Springfield Art Museum Springfield Cardinals AA Baseball Springfield Conservation Nature Center Springfield Little Theatre Springfield National Cemetery Swan Repertory Theatre Company Ted E. Bear’s Toy Factory Wild Animal Safari Wild Bill Hickok Shootout Site Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield Wonders of Wildlife Museum & Aquarium (American National Fish and Wildlife Museum) – closed for major renovation and expansion. Expected to reopen in early 2010. Xeriscape Demonstration Garden

Springfield, Missouri

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Galloway Creek Greenway Trail at Sequiota Park Program fosters efforts in tennis, weightlifting, ice hockey and volleyball. The department is incorporating a network of linear parks and trails that run near and around geologically unique areas of the Ozarks, such as creek beds and springs. These parks and greenways protect the environment and the animals that make a habitat in them, in addition to offering play space. A nationally-known organization, the Parks Department’s efforts were recognized by the National Recreation and Park Association in 2000 when named a Gold Medal Award winner. In 2003, Springfield-Greene County was named Missouri Sportstown USA by Sports Illustrated magazine. The facilities have also been host to state, local and national tournaments in softball, soccer, hockey and tennis. Whether area residents and visitors wish to quietly meander preserved lands or skateboard at the Skatepark, there is something for everyone – in the area becoming known as a community set in a park. Take your pick, choose your activity, and take part. Six recreational lakes are within 100 miles (160 km) of Springfield. Table Rock Lake and the Branson entertainment area are within 45 miles (72 km).

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Sports and recreation
Any sport, any fitness regimen, any need for relaxation or competition can be met through 92 parks, 3 golf courses, a zoo and other facilities owned or managed by the SpringfieldGreene County Park Board. The mission to take parks to another level is evidenced with programs such as Hearts ‘n Parks, which encourages people to enjoy a more active lifestyle. The Community Olympic Development

Sports
Springfield is home to a number of minor league professional sports teams. The city also is the home to college teams including the Missouri State Bears and the Drury University Panthers; and many amateur sporting events. The city is also home to the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame.

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Club Springfield Cardinals Springfield Lasers Springfield Wolfpack Springfield Demize Missouri Thrill League Texas League, Baseball WTT, team tennis APFL, Arena football PDL, Soccer UBL, Basketball Venue Hammons Field Cooper Sports Complex

Springfield, Missouri
Established Championships 2005 1996 0 0 1 0 0

Mediacom Ice Park 2002 Cooper Sports Complex Glendale HS Gym 2006 2006

Hammons Field on game day

Government
Springfield city government is based on the council-manager system. By charter, the city has eight council members, each elected for a four-year term on a non-partisan basis, and a mayor elected for a two-year term. The mayor is Jim O’Neal (term expires 2011). The city manager, appointed by the council to be the city’s chief executive and administrative officer, enforces the laws as required by the city charter. The presiding officer at council meetings is the mayor. Council meetings are held every other Monday night in City Council Chambers. City council elections are held the first Tuesday in April.

Laboratory School is a lab school located on the Missouri State campus. Private Christian schools in Springfield include New Covenant Academy, Springfield Lutheran School, Springfield Catholic High School, and Christian Schools of Springfield. Springfield offers a variety of higher education opportunities with student enrollment of nearly 42,200. Colleges and universities include the state’s second-largest university, Missouri State University (known until 2005 as Southwest Missouri State University, or SMSU), Assemblies of God Theological Seminary, Baptist Bible College, Central Bible College, Drury University (known as Drury College until 2000) (attended by Bob Barker), Evangel University (known until 2000 as Evangel College, or EC), Forest Institute of Professional Psychology, Ozarks Technical Community College, St. John’s College of Nursing and Health Sciences of Southwest Baptist University, Vatterott College, Everest College, Cox College (nursing school), Webster University, and Bryan College. There are also three cosmetology schools: Academy of Hair Design, The System (a Paul Mitchell school) and Missouri College of Cosmetology (a Pivot Point school).

Media
Newspapers
• The Springfield News-Leader - daily • Community Free Press - weekly • Springfield Business Journal - weekly

Education
The public high schools in Springfield are Central High School, Kickapoo High School (attended by Brad Pitt and Lucas Grabeel), Hillcrest High School, Parkview High School, and Glendale High School. Private schools include Springfield Sudbury School, and The Summit Preparatory School. Greenwood

Television
• • • • KOLR-TV (CBS) KOZK-TV (PBS) KSFX-TV (FOX) KSPR-TV (ABC)

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• KYTV-TV (NBC) • KWBM-TV (MNT)

Springfield, Missouri
Avenue, Kansas Expressway, Battlefield Road, Republic Road, West Bypass, Chestnut Expressway and Kearney Street. Springfield has public transportation operated by City Utilities (CU) that serves most areas inside the city limits with its fleet of biodiesel-fueled buses.

Radio
• • • • • • • • • • • • • KGBX-FM KKLH-FM KOMG-FM KOSP-FM KQRA-FM KSCV-FM KSMU-FM KSPW-FM KTOZ-FM KTTS-FM KTXR-FM KWFC-FM KWNDFM • KWTO-FM • KXUS-FM • KWTO-AM • KBNN-AM • KSWMAM • KBFL-AM • KSGF-AM • KADI-AM • KGMY-AM • KMRF-AM • KLFJ-AM • KLTI-AM

Airport
Springfield-Branson National Airport (SGF) serves the city with direct flights to 12 cities with 33 daily flights. It is the principal air gateway to Springfield region. In May 2009, the airport opened its new passenger terminal. Financing included $97 million in revenue bonds issued by the airport and $20 million of discretionary federal aviation funds, with no city taxes used. The new building includes 275,000 square feet (25,500 m2), 10 gates (expandable to 60) and 1,826 parking spaces. Direct connections from Springfield are available to Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Las Vegas, Memphis, Minneapolis, Orlando, Phoenix, St. Louis, Tampa and Los Angeles. Future connections may include Daytona Beach, New York City and destinations in the Caribbean. No international flights currently have regular service into Springfield-Branson, but it does serve international charters.

Magazines
• • • • • 417 Magazine The Apple Magazine Downtown Now Ozarks Signature Senior Living

Infrastructure
Parks
Springfield has nearly 100 public parks. For information, visit www.ParkBoard.org.

Railroads
Passenger trains have not served Springfield since 1967, but more than 65 freight trains travel to, from, and through the city each day. Springfield was once home to the headquarters and main shops of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railroad (Frisco). The Frisco was absorbed by the Burlington Northern (BN) in 1980, and in 1994 the BN merged with the Santa Fe, creating the current Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway. BNSF has three switch yards (two small) in Springfield. Mainlines to and from Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis and Tulsa converge at the railroad’s yard facility in the north part of the city. In October 2006, BNSF announced plans to upgrade its Tulsa and Memphis mainlines into Springfield to handle an additional four to six daily intermodal freight trains between the West Coast and the Southeast. The Missouri and Northern Arkansas Railroad also operates several miles of (former

Transportation
Springfield is served by Interstate 44 which connects the city with St. Louis, Missouri and Tulsa, Oklahoma. Route 13 (Kansas Expressway) carries traffic north towards Kansas City, Missouri. U.S. Route 60, U.S. Route 65, and U.S. Route 160 pass through the city. Formerly U.S. Route 66 and U.S. Route 166 passed through Springfield, and sections of historic US 66 can still be seen in the city. US 166’s eastern terminus was once located in the northeast section of the city, and US 60 originally ended (westbound) in downtown Springfield. US 60 now goes through town on the James River Freeway. Major streets include Glenstone Avenue, Sunshine Street (Missouri Route 413), National Avenue, Division Street, Campbell

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Missouri Pacific) industrial trackage within the city. In 2006, the Missouri Department of Transportation and Amtrak studied the possibility of restoring service to the city from St. Louis. The proposed service would have utilized the current BNSF "Cuba Subdivision" mainline between the two cities via Rolla. The plan, however, did not materialize.

Springfield, Missouri

Sister cities
Springfield has three sister cities: • • • Isesaki, Japan Tlaquepaque, Mexico Tours, France

Notes

Utilities
City Utilities of Springfield (CU) is a community-owned utility cooperative serving southwest Missouri with electricity, natural gas, water, telecommunications and transit services. CU provides service to over 106,000 customers.

Healthcare

Cox South Hospital on the "Medical Mile" Springfield is a regional medical center with six hospitals and more than 2,200 beds. The city’s health care system offers every specialty listed by the American Medical Association. Two of the top 100 hospitals in the U.S. (CoxHealth and St. John’s Health System) are located in Springfield, and both are in the midst of expansion projects. The industry employs 30,000 people throughout the Springfield metro area. The United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners, one of six federal institutions designed to handle the medical concerns of federal inmates, is located at the corner of W. Sunshine Street and Kansas Expressway.

Notable natives and residents
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[1] ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [2] "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [3] "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/ Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [4] United States Census Estimates 2006 [5] http://www.business4springfield.com/ news/07-10-08.htm [6] http://www.business4springfield.com/ news/07-06-28.htm [7] http://www.business4springfield.com/ demographics/recognition/erc.pdf [8] http://www.phs.ki.se/csp/safecom/ springfield.htm [9] ^ Van Riper, Tom (2007-07-20). "In Pictures: America’s Wildest Weather Cities: No. 9: Most Variety (biggest variations in temperature, precipitation, wind), Springfield, Mo.". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2007/07/20/ weather-storms-united-states-bizcx_tvr_0720weather_slide_10.html?thisSpeed=15000 [10] Dark, Phyllis & Harris. Springfield of the Ozarkas: An Illustrated History. Windsor Publications, 1981. ISBN 0-89781-028-7. [11] Dessauer, Phil "Springfield, Mo.-Radio City of Country Music" (April, 1957), Coronet, p. 152 [12] Dessauer, Phil "Springfield, Mo.-Radio City of Country Music" (April, 1957), Coronet, p. 151 [13] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [14] Haugland, Matt (1998) Cities with most weather variety

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[15] Edge, John T., Missouri Chinese: Two Cultures Claim This Chicken, March 10, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/ 11/dining/11cashew.html

Springfield, Missouri

External links
• Official site of the City of Springfield, Missouri • Official site of the Springfield Convention & Visitors Bureau • Official site of the Springfield Area Chamber of Commerce • Official site of the Springfield Business Development Corporation • Springfield-Greene County Parks Department

References
• "History of the University". 6 December 2006. http://www.missouristate.edu/about/ history.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-18.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Springfield,_Missouri" Categories: Springfield, Missouri, Springfield, Missouri metropolitan area, Cities in Missouri, County seats in Missouri, Christian County, Missouri, Greene County, Missouri This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 09:48 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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