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Norman, Oklahoma

Norman, Oklahoma
Norman, Oklahoma

Location of Norman, Oklahoma

Coordinates: 35°13′18″N 97°25′6″W / 35.22167°N 97.41833°W / 35.22167; -97.41833 Country State County Government - Type - Mayor - City Manager Area - Total - Land - Water Elevation Population (2006) - Total - Density Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID United States Oklahoma Cleveland Council-Manager Cindy Rosenthal Steven Lewis 189.5 sq mi (490.8 km2) 177.0 sq mi (458.4 km2) 12.5 sq mi (32.4 km2) 1,171 ft (357 m) 102,827 540.6/sq mi (208.7/km2) Central (CST) (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 73000-73099 405 40-52500[1] 1095903[2]

Bizzell Library, University of Oklahoma Norman is best known as the location of the University of Oklahoma (with about 35,000 full-time students), making it a center of culture, technology, and scientific research. OU is home to the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, one of the largest of its kind, and the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art. The Jones Museum made news in 2000 when it was given the Weitzenhoffer Collection, one of the most important collections of impressionist art ever given to an American university[6], including works by Mary Cassatt, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Camille Pissarro, among others. Norman’s picture-book Main Street is a great source of pride for Normanites, as are the many shady, tree-lined housing areas that surround the OU campus. The west side of town has seen the most development in recent years, including affluent areas like Brookhaven, a sprawling neighborhood of townhomes, apartments, large estates and

Norman is the largest city in and the county seat of Cleveland County in the U.S. state of Oklahoma,[3] and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. Norman is situated approximately 20 miles south of downtown Oklahoma City and is the third largest city in the state.[4] As of 2006, the city was estimated to have 102,827 full-time residents.[5] It is the business and employment center of Cleveland County.

Overview
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upscale retail and dining. Growth in Norman is also occurring close to campus, where there are infill developments underway that are making Norman a denser, and more chic college town. The central and eastern sections of town are older and include the areas around the OU campus and downtown. Both areas retain their historic appearance and resemble what most people would think of as the core area of a college town. In 2008, Money Magazine ranked Norman as the 6th best place to live in the United States, the highest of any city in Oklahoma.[7] The city itself actually pulls from a shopping base and a workforce outside of its own city, with major new shopping developments, and major employers like OU and the USPS.

Norman, Oklahoma
Approximately 27 square miles (70 km2) are developed. Elevation at the Max Westheimer Airport is 1,184 feet (361 m) above mean sea level. The lowest point within city limits is the Little River, a tributary of the Canadian River, just after it exits the Lake Thunderbird Dam. The terrain in the undeveloped western parts of Norman is prairie and the eastern section, including the area surrounding Lake Thunderbird, is cross timbers forest.

Demographics
As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 95,694 people, 38,834 households, and 22,562 families residing in the city. The population density was 540.6 people per square mile (208.7/km²). There were 41,547 housing units at an average density of 234.7/sq mi (90.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.36% White, 4.26% African American, 4.45% Native American, 3.49% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.37% from other races, and 4.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.89% of the population. There were 38,834 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 21.4% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $36,713, and the median income for a family was $51,189. Males had a median income of $35,896 versus $26,394 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,630. About 7.8% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Meteorology

National Weather Center at the University of Oklahoma. Norman is a prominent center of meteorological research, specifically severe weather. The National Weather Center, located on OU’s Research Campus near State Highway 9 and Jenkins Avenue, houses several NOAA organizations, including the Storm Prediction Center and the National Severe Storms Laboratory, along with the University’s weatherrelated units including the College of Atmospheric and Geographic Sciences and the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms. Private sector meteorological companies are located alongside the 2006 facility at "Partners Place".

Geography
Norman is located at 35°13′18″N 97°25′6″W / 35.22167°N 97.41833°W / 35.22167; -97.41833 (35.221617, -97.418236)[8]. The city has a total area of 189.51 square miles (490.8 km2), of which 177.01 square miles (458.5 km2) is land and 12.5 square miles (32 km2) or 6.60% is water[9].

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Norman, Oklahoma
camped in tents and covered wagons on town lots that wouldn’t remain vacant for long. Almost overnight, the settlement developed into a thriving town. It was near Norman, in 1895, that Doolin Gang members George "Bittercreek" Newcomb and Charlie Pierce were killed by the "Dunn Brothers", who were bounty hunters from Ingalls, Oklahoma. Through the middle of the twentieth century, Norman was a sundown town, from which African Americans were systematically excluded from living.[11] The city is also the original hometown of actor James Garner. On April 21, 2006, a ten-foot bronze statue of Garner as his 1957 television character Bret Maverick was unveiled near the center of town, with Garner present at the ceremony.

Business
Norman is the nation’s center for the study of severe weather and is home of the National Storm Prediction Center, National Severe Storms Laboratory, the National Weather Center (a cooperative between the University of Oklahoma and the National Weather Service), and is the proposed location of a future National Weather Museum.[12] Because of this strong foundation in weather research, Norman is now home to many weather-related private businesses including Weathernews Americas, Inc., Vieux and Associates, Inc., Weather Decision Technologies, WeatherBank, Inc., and Computational Geosciences, Inc.[13] In addition, the state’s center of geology-related study, the Oklahoma Geological Survey, is located in Norman.[14] High-tech business is not limited to the weather-related in Norman. A recent promising addition to the local business landscape is SouthWest NanoTechnologies (SWeNT). SWeNT is a producer of single-walled carbon nanotubes, which are tiny hollow cylinders of carbon that exhibit extraordinary properties.[15] Applications include new thermal-optical coatings on aircraft, bullet-proof armor, lighter and more efficient wind turbine blades, touch-screen coatings, solar cells, next-generation flat-panel displays, and noninvasive cancer treatments.[16] With so many of these possible markets involving green technology, perhaps it is no coincidence that Norman is home to the Oklahoma Renewable Energy Council.[17]

Abner Norman statue outside City Hall.

History
In 1870, the United States Land Office contracted with a professional engineer to survey much of Oklahoma territory. Abner E. Norman, a young surveyor, became chairman and leader of the central survey area in Indian Territory. The surveyor’s crew burned the words “NORMAN’S CAMP” into an elm tree near a watering hole to taunt their younger supervisor.[10] The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway planned Norman as a station site in Indian Territory in 1886-87. The town itself, while platted by the railroad, wasn’t settled until the Great Land Run of 1889. When the “SOONERS” (those who headed west before the official Land Run date of April 22, 1889) and the other settlers arrived in the heart of Oklahoma, they kept the name “NORMAN.” By nightfall on April 22, 1889, Norman probably had several hundred residents,

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In addition to the above, the local business community boasts many major employers, such as: York International/Johnson Controls, Hitachi, Astellas Pharma, Albon Engineering, Xyant Technology, Office Max, Sitel (formerly ClientLogic), the USPS National Center for Employee Development, Sysco Foods, AT&T, and several research companies and smaller firms that take advantage of Norman’s business climate.[18] The nation’s fourth-largest retail site[19], University North Park, is currently under construction in Norman along the I-35 corridor between Robinson Street and Tecumseh Road. When completed the project will feature a two mile stretch of parks, offices, and high-end retail. Recently completed projects include anchor tenants such as Super Target, Petco, Kohl’s, Office Depot,[19] and a ten story Embassy Suites Hotel and Conference Center.[20]

Norman, Oklahoma

Rail
Norman’s Depot is served by Amtrak’s Heartland Flyer providing daily round trip service to downtown Oklahoma City and Fort Worth, Texas.

Road
Norman is served by several major roadways. • • • • • Interstate 35 State Highway 9 U.S. Highway 77 State Highway 77H State Highway 74A

Education
Colleges and universities
• University of Oklahoma

Community events
• • • • • • • • Medieval Fair (Reaves Park) GrooveFest (Andrews Park) Norman Music Festival (Downtown) Jazz in June (different venues) May Fair Arts Festival (Andrews Park) SummerBreeze Concert Series Mardi Gras parade (downtown Norman) Midsummer Nights Fair (Lion’s Park)

Career and Technical Education
• Moore Norman Technology Center

Public primary and secondary schools
• Norman Public Schools (or Independent School District Number 29 of Cleveland County, Oklahoma), which includes: • Norman High School, • Norman North High School, • 4 Middle Schools named after famous American writers (Whittier, Longfellow, Alcott, and Irving) • 15 Elementary Schools. 14 of which named after presidents of the United States and 1 (Lakeview) named so due to its close proximity to Lake Thunderbird.

Transportation
Air
Norman is served locally by Max Westheimer Airport, a general aviation airport run by the University of Oklahoma.[21] Major commercial air transportation is available at Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City, approximately 20 miles north of Norman.

Public Transit
Cleveland Area Rapid Transit provides bus service to the Norman area on weekdays with some routes also running on Saturdays. A route also runs to Oklahoma City and connects with OKC’s Metro Transit.[22] The service is operated by the University of Oklahoma and is free to faculty, staff, and students. The regular fare for all other riders is 50 cents.

Private primary and secondary schools
• Community Christian School kindergarten through 12th grade • Robinson Street Christian School kindergarten through 12th grade • Blue Eagle Christian Academy kindergarten through 11th grade • All Saints Catholic School - prekindergarten through 8th grade • Norman Christian Academy - prekindergarten through 7th grade

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• Trinity Lutheran School - pre-kindergarten through 6th grade • Veritas Classical Christian Academy - prekindergarten through 10th grade • •

Norman, Oklahoma
Colima, Col., Mexico Seika, Japan

Misc. Schools
• Hollywood Cosmetology Center

See also
• 2005 University of Oklahoma bombing

Notable residents and natives
Actors
Candy Clark, Darryl Cox, James Garner (a statue of Garner as Bret Maverick was unveiled in Norman on April 21, 2006, with Garner present at the ceremony), Alice Ghostley[23], Milena Govich, Christian Kane, Doris Eaton Travis, Ed Harris[24]

References

Musicians and bands
Jesse Ed Davis, Chainsaw Kittens, Vince Gill, Toby Keith[25], Reba McEntire, Eli Wilson, Wayne Coyne[26], Yolanda Kondonassis, Starlight Mints, Evangelicals

Athletics
Dean Blevins, Dominic Cervi, Sherri Coale, Nadia Comaneci, Bart Conner, Tommie Harris, Cedric Jones, Jimmy McNatt, Steve Owens, Adrian Peterson, Jim Ross, Bob Stoops, Barry Switzer, Zac Taylor, Ron Tripp, J. C. Watts, Jason White, Roy Williams, Steve Williams, Mickey Tettleton

Writers
Martin Gardner[27], Harold Keith

Politicians
Carl Albert, David L. Boren, Jack Mildren, J. C. Watts

Scientists
Karl Guthe Jansky David Deming Daniel Resasco

Designers
Kayne Gillaspie

Sister cities
• Clermont-Ferrand, France

[1] ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [2] "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [3] "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/ Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [4] "Oklahoma by Place - GCT-T1-R. Population Estimates (geographies ranked by estimate)" (in English) (HTML). United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ GCTTable?_bm=y&geo_id=04000US40&-_box_head_nbr=GCTT1-R&ds_name=PEP_2006_EST&-_lang=en&format=ST-9S&-_sse=on. Retrieved on 2007-07-20. [5] "Norman city, Oklahoma" (in English) (HTML). United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ SAFFPopulation?_event=&geo_id=16000US4052500 Retrieved on 2007-07-20. [6] Frenchculture.org [7] "Best Places to Live" (in English) (HTML). MONEY Magazine. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/ moneymag/bplive/2008/. Retrieved on 2008-07-17. [8] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [9] "Oklahoma by Place - GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000" (in English) (HTML). United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ GCTTable?_bm=y&-context=gct&-

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Norman, Oklahoma

ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&http://www.normantranscript.com/ mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1_ST7&localnews/local_story_347025000. CONTEXT=gct&-tree_id=4001&Retrieved on 2009-01-11. geo_id=04000US40&[21] "Max Westheimer Airport". University of format=ST-7%7CST-7S&-_lang=en. Oklahoma. http://airport.ou.edu. Retrieved on 2007-07-20. Retrieved on 2007-08-14. [10] City of Norman’s Website [22] "Norman CART". CART. [11] Norman, Oklahoma page from James W. http://cart.ou.edu/. Retrieved on Loewen’s Sundown Towns webpage 2007-08-14. [12] "National Weather Museum in the [23] University of Oklahoma School of Drama Works" (in English) (HTML). Denver (PDF) Weather Examiner. [24] Ed Harris Biography at Tiscali. Retrieved http://www.examiner.com/x-219-Denveron May 14, 2008 Weather-Examiner~topic56390-weather[25] "Toby Keith named to Hall of Fame". news. Retrieved on 2009-01-11. Norman Transcript. 2007-05-30. [13] Oklahoma Department of Commerce http://www.normantranscript.com/ [14] Oklahoma Geological Survey moorenews/local_story_150012331. [15] "A New Silicon Valley on the Oklahoma Retrieved on 2007-09-03. Prairie?" (in English) (HTML). Huffington [26] "Fearless Freaks". Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alhttp://www.fearlessfreaks.com/. eisele/a-new-silicon-valley-onRetrieved on 2008-04-11. t_b_132448.html. Retrieved on [27] Page 602 of "Interview with Martin 2009-02-07. Gardner" Notices of the AMS [16] "SWeNT Opens Commercial-Scale 6(52):602-611 June/July 2005. Nanotube Manufacturing Plant" (in English) (HTML). Nanotechnology Now. http://www.nanotech-now.com/ • Norman, Oklahoma is at coordinates news.cgi?story_id=30826. Retrieved on 35°13′18″N 97°25′06″W / 35.221617°N 2009-02-07. 97.418236°W / 35.221617; -97.418236 [17] Oklahoma Renewable Energy Council (Norman, Oklahoma)Coordinates: [18] Norman Chamber of Commerce 35°13′18″N 97°25′06″W / 35.221617°N [19] ^ "Businesses Coming to University 97.418236°W / 35.221617; -97.418236 North Park" (in English) (HTML). The (Norman, Oklahoma) Norman Transcript. • Norman Professional Fire Fighters http://www.normantranscript.com/ • Norman Convention & Visitor’s Bureau localnews/local_story_226234449. • Official city website Retrieved on 2009-01-11. • Jazz in June festival [20] "Embassy Suites Celebrates Grand • Norman Public Library Opening With United Way Benefit" (in • Norman Chamber of Commerce English) (HTML). The Norman Transcript.

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman,_Oklahoma" Categories: Norman, Oklahoma, Cities in Oklahoma, Cleveland County, Oklahoma, County seats in Oklahoma, Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area, University towns in the United States This page was last modified on 17 May 2009, at 10:15 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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