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2006 North Korean nuclear test

2006 North Korean nuclear test
North Korean nuclear test

An anonymous official at the North Korean Embassy in Beijing told a South Korean newspaper that the explosive output was smaller than expected.[4] Due to the secretive nature of North Korea and small yield of the test, there remains some question as to whether it was an unusually small successful test, or a partially failed "fizzle" or dud. It was reported that the government of the People’s Republic of China was given a 20-minute advance warning that the test was about to occur.[5] China sent an emergency alert to Washington, D.C. through the United States embassy in Beijing and President George W. Bush was told by National Security Advisor Stephen Hadley "shortly after" 10 p.m. (UTC-4) that a test was imminent.[6]

Background
North Korea and weapons of mass destruction

Graphic from the United States Geological Survey showing seismic activity at the time of the test Type Location Nuclear test site 41°17′39″N 129°08′03″E / 41.2943°N 129.1342°E / 41.2943; 129.1342 near Kilchu North Korea Unknown October 9, 2006

Operator Status In use

The 2006 North Korean nuclear test was the detonation of a nuclear device conducted on October 9, 2006 by North Korea. North Korea announced its intention to conduct a test on October 3, six days prior, and in doing so became the first nation to give warning of its first nuclear test.[1] The blast is estimated to have had an explosive force of less than one kiloton, and some radioactive output was detected.[2][3] United States officials suggested the device may have been a nuclear explosive that misfired.[2]

Events • North Korean missile tests: • 1993 • 1998 • 2006 • 2006 nuclear test • 2009 Weapons • Taepodong-1 • Taepodong-2 See also • Musudan-ri • Ryanggang explosion • Yongbyon • Korean People’s Army North Korea had been suspected of maintaining a clandestine nuclear weapons development program since the early 1990s when it

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constructed a plutonium-producing Magnox nuclear reactor at Yongbyon, and various diplomatic means had been used by the international community to attempt to limit North Korea’s nuclear work to peaceful and scientific means and encouraging North Korea to participate in international treaties. In 1994, the United States and North Korea signed the "Agreed Framework", whereby North Korea agreed to freeze its plutonium production program in exchange for fuel, economic cooperation, and the construction of two modern nuclear power plants powered by light-water reactors. Eventually, North Korea’s existing nuclear facilities were to be dismantled, and the spent reactor fuel taken out of the country. However, in 2002, rumors circulated that North Korea was pursuing both uranium enrichment technology and plutonium reprocessing technologies in defiance of the Agreed Framework (Pakistani metallurgist Abdul Qadeer Khan confessed in 2004 to selling uranium enrichment technology to North Korea between 1991 and 1997 and additional technology up until 2000[7]). North Korea reportedly told American diplomats in private that they were in possession of nuclear weapons, citing American failures to uphold their own end of the "Agreed Framework" as a motivating force. North Korea later clarified that it did not possess weapons yet, but that it had a right to possess them. In late 2002 and early 2003, North Korea began to take steps to eject International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors while re-routing spent fuel rods for plutonium reprocessing for weapons purposes. Throughout the course of 2003, North Korean and American officials exchanged harsh words and staged military exercises which were interpreted by the other party to be aggressive. As late as the end of 2003, North Korea claimed that it would freeze its nuclear program in exchange for American concessions – in particular a non-aggression treaty – but a final agreement was not reached and talks continued to be cancelled or fall through. North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 2003 after not receiving light-water reactors promised by the U.S. which were going to be delivered in exchange for North Korea not developing their own power plants, as understood in the "Agreed Framework."

2006 North Korean nuclear test
In early 2004 former Los Alamos National Laboratory director Siegfried S. Hecker, as part of an unofficial U.S. delegation, was allowed to inspect North Korea’s plutonium production facilities. Hecker later testified before the United States Congress that while North Korea seems to have successfully extracted plutonium from the spent fuel rods, he saw no evidence at the time that they had actually produced a workable weapon.[8] In September 2004, though, North Korean officials announced they had successfully processed Yongbyon plutonium into a workable nuclear deterrent. Through 2005 more diplomatic talks were attempted between the United States, North Korea, South Korea, China, Japan, and Russia (the six-party talks) but little concrete change occurred. Because North Korea had not conducted a successful test of a nuclear device, the extent of its nuclear weapons program remained ambiguous through 2005 and much of 2006. Though North Korea conducted numerous missile tests (some of which were branded failures by international experts), the question of whether they had actually mastered all aspects of nuclear weapons technology – ranging from material production to complex nuclear weapon design needed to produce the final detonation – remains unanswered.

North Korean statements
Rumours of an impending nuclear test circulated during 2005 and early 2006, though none came to immediate fruition. On October 3, 2006, however, North Korea claimed that it would soon conduct a nuclear test, and on October 9, 2006, the state claimed to have successfully conducted a test. The Korean Central News Agency, the state’s news agency, issued the following statement: [9] “ The field of scientific research in the ” DPRK successfully conducted an underground nuclear test under secure conditions on October 9, Juche 95 (2006), at a stirring time when all the people of the country are making a great leap forward in the building of a great, prosperous, powerful socialist nation. It has been confirmed that there was no such danger as radioactive emission in the course of the nuclear test as it was carried out under scientific

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consideration and careful calculation. The nuclear test was conducted with indigenous wisdom and technology 100 percent. It marks an historic event as it greatly encouraged and pleased the KPA and people that have wished to have powerful self-reliant defence capability. It will contribute to defending the peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and in the area around it. Later, the North Korean envoy to the U.N. said it would be better for the Security Council to offer its congratulations rather than pass "useless" resolutions.[10]

2006 North Korean nuclear test

Kim Jong Il’s alleged apology
On October 20, 2006, Kim Jong Il allegedly said that he was "sorry" over his country’s nuclear test, and wished to return to talk with the UN. Kim Jong Il was quoted by a Chinese envoy as saying, “ If the U.S. makes a concession to some degree, we will also make a concession to some degree, whether it be bilateral talks or six-party talks ”

Kim Jong Il also said that he has no future plans to test another nuclear device. The U.S. State Department discounted this report.[16]

Return to six-party talks
On October 31, 2006, North Korea agreed to rejoin six-nation disarmament talks. The agreement was struck in a day of unpublicized discussions between the senior envoys from the United States, China and North Korea at a government guesthouse in Beijing. [17] The talks resumed on December 18, 2006 [18].

Threats of war
On October 10, 2006, an unnamed North Korean official was quoted as saying that North Korea could launch a nuclear missile unless the U.S. sits down for face-to-face talks.[11] However, few, if any, military and defense experts believe that the North Koreans possess the technology to mount a nuclear warhead to a ballistic missile.[12] On October 11, the Associated Press reported that North Korea has threatened war if attempts are made to penalize them through further sanctions.[13] This statement occurred even as Japan moved to tighten sanctions on the communist country.[13] South Korea said they were ensuring their troops were prepared for nuclear war.[13] A U.S. Army major, stationed along the border between North and South Korea, said that the overall situation was "calm" but that "Communist troops were more boldly trying to provoke their southern counterparts: spitting across the demarcation line, making throat-slashing hand gestures, flashing their middle fingers and trying to talk to the troops."[13] On that day, the North Korean Foreign Ministry stated that "if the U.S. keeps pestering us and increases pressure, we will regard it as a declaration of war and will take a series of physical corresponding measures."[14] On October 17 North Korea denounced U.N. sanctions over its nuclear test as a declaration of war and the United States and other nations suspect that North Korea is seeking to conduct a second nuclear test despite international pressure.[15]

Yield estimates and authenticity

The site vs. 50-year predictions, according to USGS, indicating the probability of the detected blast being due to natural causes. The apparent low yield of the test has raised questions as to whether or not it was a successful nuclear detonation, as the North

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Korean announcement claimed. Initially doubts existed as to whether it was a detonation of conventional explosives meant to appear like a nuclear detonation, but detection of airborne radioactive isotopes appears to have confirmed that it was to some degree nuclear.[3] The advance warning of the test sent to the Chinese government reportedly said that the planned test yield was to be equivalent to approximately four kilotons in strength,[19] but most outside estimates, based largely on seismic readings, have put the yield at much less than that. At a meeting with President Putin, Russian Defense Minister Sergey Ivanov stated that "the power of the tests carried out was 5 to 15 kilotons",[20] though this early estimate is now much higher than any other international estimate. An early report by the Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (South Korea) said the blast was equivalent to an earthquake registering 3.58 on the Richter scale,[21] which corresponds to the explosion of 100 tons of TNT. This was later revised to at least 800 tons,[22] corresponding to a blast wave of 4.2. The U.S. Geological Survey also estimates the blast wave at 4.2.[23] (Note that 4.2 is considerably more powerful than 3.58 because the Richter scale is a logarithmic scale.) According to Jane’s Defence Weekly, "initial and unconfirmed South Korean reports indicate that the test was a fission device with a yield of 0.55 kT ... The figure of 0.55 kT, however, seems too low given the 4.2 register on the Richter scale. This could suggest — depending upon the geological makeup of the test site — a yield of 2–12 kT."[24] An official in France’s Atomic Energy Commission reported that they estimated the blast was "about or less than a kiloton" and expressed uncertainty about whether or not the blast was actually nuclear.[25][26] There have been various large planned and unplanned non-nuclear explosions comparable in yield to small nuclear detonations, such as the U.S. "Minor Scale" explosion from 1985, which used conventional explosives to simulate a 4 kiloton detonation. According to the Washington Times anonymous U.S. intelligence sources speculated there "was a seismic event that registered about 4 on the Richter scale, but it still isn’t clear if it was a nuclear test. You can get that kind of seismic reading from high explosives."[27] The Wall Street Journal explains that this blast was

2006 North Korean nuclear test
equivalent to the explosive force of about $100,000 worth of ammonium nitrate.[28] International experts have said that it will take some time to confirm whether it was a successful nuclear test, as North Korea claimed, or an unsuccessful one, or perhaps not even a nuclear test at all.[29] By comparison, the first plutonium-core nuclear device tested by the United States (Trinity test) had a yield of 20 kilotons of TNT, and the first nuclear device detonated by India in 1974, though of primitive design, had a yield in the region of 12 kilotons of TNT. If the North Korean nuclear test is less than even a kiloton in yield, it would be a historically small inaugural nuclear test. Even if it were as many as the reported intentional yield of 4 kt it would be the smallest nuclear test ever conducted by a state as a first test. Some advanced nuclear powers have produced very small tactical nuclear weapons in the low-kiloton range, but their development is far more technologically challenging than that of weapons in the 15-20 kiloton range, requiring advanced weapons materials and core geometries.[30] If the North Korean device was significantly short of its predicted yield, it could be classified as a "fizzle" indicating that some aspect of the nuclear weapon design or material production did not function correctly. In a fizzle the warhead blows itself apart too fast for the nuclear reactions to generate a large amount of energy, or fails to form a supercritical mass for some other reason. A fizzle can result from predetonation, insufficient precision in the explosive lenses used to compress the plutonium core, or impurities in the plutonium itself, among other factors.[30] A fizzle can also result from the use of reactor grade plutonium rather than weapons grade material.[31] On October 13, 2006, CNN reported that two U.S. government officials with access to classified information stated that the initial air sampling over North Korea shows no indication of radioactive debris from the event that North Korea says was an underground nuclear test. Some hours later, the report was reversed and stated there was evidence of radiation, though not enough data has been collected yet to be conclusive. The newspaper Hankyoreh reported an unnamed North Korean diplomat had acknowledged that the actual yield was smaller than expected.[32]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
On October 16, 2006, the United States government reported that a test had found radioactive gas compatible with a nuclear explosion.[2] The office of John Negroponte, the US National Intelligence Director confirmed that the size of the explosion was less than 1 kiloton.[33]

2006 North Korean nuclear test
The Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources reported seismic waves measuring 3.58 on the Richter scale.[21] The United States Geological Survey reported that a seismic event occurred at 01:35:27 UTC (10:35:27 a.m. local time, UTC+9) on October 9, 2006 and measured 4.2 on the Richter scale. It occurred at the geographic coordinates 41°17′38.4″N 129°08′2.4″E / 41.294°N 129.134°E / 41.294; 129.134 with a horizontal location uncertainty of ±9.6 km (6.0 miles). This is 73 km (45 miles) north of Kimchaek, 90 km (55 miles) southwest of Chongjin, 180 km (112 miles) south of Yanji, and 385 km (240 miles) northeast of Pyongyang.[36]

Test site location

Possible further testing
October 11 false alarm
A suspected second North Korean nuclear test was reported by the Japanese broadcaster NHK the next day on October 11, 2006. While the Japanese government confirmed there was a tremor, it claimed no knowledge of whether it was due to a nuclear test.[37][38] The second tremor was a magnitude 5.8, which is larger than the earthquake caused by the first possible nuclear explosion.[39] United States and South Korean sources stated it was unlikely the event was due to a nuclear test.[40] The earthquake did not occur in North Korea but east of Japan in a seismically-active area of the Pacific.[41]

A map of the Korean peninsula. The estimated location of the test (41.311°N, 129.114°E) is marked in red.

Evidence of second test preparation
On October 16, 2006, U.S. spy satellites detected vehicles and people near the site of North Korea’s initial nuclear test. U.S. officials said they could not be certain of what the North Koreans were doing in the area, but the activity could be preparations for a second nuclear blast, NBC and ABC said. [42] On October 18, 2006, U.S. officials say North Korea’s military has informed the People’s Republic of China it intends to carry out a series of underground nuclear tests, NBC News reported. [43] The Associated Press, citing CNN Television, reports that the North Koreans have informed the People’s Republic of China that they are prepared to make "as many as three additional tests." [44] No further tests occurred in 2006, however.

NASA Blue Marble Image of estimated location of the test (41.2943° N 129.1342° E) According to initial reports from South Korean government sources, the test was carried out at a mountain in Musadan-ri in Hwadae-kun, near the city of Kilchu, in North Hamgyŏng province on the northeast coast.[34] However, later reports from the state National Intelligence Service identified the site as being a place in Sangpyong-ri, about 15 km from the coastal city of Kimchaek and about 50 km west of Musadanri.[35]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2006 North Korean nuclear test
the resolution, the sanctions would be lifted. The U.S. compromised on its initial desire to block all imports of military equipment, and to have an unlimited reference to Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter so providing a legal justification for future military action, in order to gain full support for the resolution.[54]

International reaction
International condemnation of the tests by governments has been nearly unanimous, including from North Korea’s close ally and benefactor,[45] the People’s Republic of China. All five veto-wielding permanent members of the United Nations Security Council condemned the nuclear test. On October 10, however, South Korean Prime Minister Han Myung-Sook told Parliament that South Korea will not support any United Nations resolution containing military measures against North Korea in retaliation for its nuclear test.[46] The People’s Republic of China and Russia have also ruled out "military measures" against North Korea. The Japanese government also deemed the nuclear test "totally unforgivable."

See also
Related topics
• North Korea and weapons of mass destruction • Six-party talks (2003 - ?) • North KoreanAmerican relations • Agreed Framework between the US and the DPRK (1994) • Japan-Korea relations#JapanNorth Korea • Japan-North Korea Pyongyang Declaration (2002) • Milestone nuclear explosions • 2006 North Korean missile test • United Nations Security Council Resolution 1718

Wikinews story chronology
• February 10: "North Korea declares it has nuclear weapons; cancels talks" • February 19: "North Korea has no further interest in negotiations with United States" • May 11: "North Korea removes spent nuclear fuel rods" • June 23: "No resolution in North Korean nuclear stalemate" • September 19: "Nuclear arms agreement reached with North Korea" 2006 • August 18: "North Korea reportedly planning nuclear bomb test" • October 3: "North Korea says it will test a nuclear weapon in the future" • October 9: "North Korea claims it has conducted a nuclear test"

Economic impact
Negative economic effects were seen throughout the region after the test. South Korea’s KOSPI index fell 2.4% to 1319.4,[47] forcing the Korea Exchange to suspend trading for five minutes upon receiving the news.[48] The Japanese and Taiwanese stock exchanges were closed for a market holiday on the day of the test.[49] The Japanese yen also fell to a seven-month low against the United States dollar while oil on the world market rose above US$60 a barrel.[50] Gold prices rose 1% as a safe haven investment.[51] Several stock markets in Asia from Singapore to Manila have traded lower possibly due to the tests.[52] American stock markets were mixed, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average down at its open the next day; however, at 10:30 a.m. EDT, the Dow rebounded and concluded the day with an increase of 7.60 points (+0.06%).[53]. NSE and BSE of India, however, showed some strength.

United Nations’ response
On October 14, 2006, the UN Security Council unanimously approved limited military and economic sanctions against North Korea. All five permanent members stated that the sanctions, set out in UNSC Resolution 1718, were intended to penalize the country’s regime, not inhabitants. They also stated that if North Korea were willing to cooperate and complied with all the measures contained in

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2006 North Korean nuclear test

References

[15] North Korea Declares UN Scanctions As An Declaration Of warYahoo News [1] "N. Korea to conduct ’safe’ nuclear test", October 17, 2006 UPI, October 3, 2006 [16] "Report: Kim ‘sorry’ about N. Korea [2] ^ "U.S.: Test Points to N. Korea Nuke nuclear test". NBC News, The Associated Blast", Guardian Unlimited, October 14, Press and Reuters. October 20, 2006. 2006 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/ [3] ^ "North Korea Nuclear Test Confirmed 15341349/. by U.S. Intelligence Agency". [17] MSNBC article http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/ [18] Wikipedia article on 6-party talks news?pid=20601101&sid=aO7kW.RjqqaE&refer=japan. U.S. official: ’Something went [19] cnn.com, Retrieved on 2006-10-16. wrong’ on blast [4] " Dud or deception? Experts examine N. [20] "North Korea’s Power Checked". Korea claims", CNN, October 10, 2006 http://www.kommersant.com/p712035/ [5] "North Korea says conducted nuclear r_539/North_Korea_Nuclear_Test/. test". http://today.reuters.com/news/ Retrieved on 2006-10-11. articlenews.aspx?type=newsOne&storyID=2006-10-09T042325Z_01_L08141538_RTRUKOC_0_US[21] ^ "???? ????. ????? Seismic waves. An KOREA-NORTH.xml&WTmodLoc=HomeExplosion." (in Korean). C1-TopStories-newsOne-2. Retrieved on http://www.chosun.com/national/news/ 2006-10-09. 200610/200610090665.html. Retrieved [6] "Test follows warning from U.N.". on 2006-10-09. International Herald Tribune. [22] "?? ??? ??? ?? The Scale and Implication http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/10/09/ of North Korea’s Nuclear Test" (in asia/web.1009korea.php. Retrieved on Korean). http://news.sbs.co.kr/ 2006-10-09. section_news/ [7] David E. Sanger, "Pakistan Leader news_read.jsp?news_id=N1000173833. Confirms Nuclear Exports," New York Retrieved on 2006-10-09. Times (13 September 2005): A10. [23] Defense Tech: NORK Nuclear Test: It’s A [8] Visit to the Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Dud (Updated) Research Center in North Korea, [24] "North Korea claims nuclear test". Siegfried S. Hecker, 21 January 2004 http://www.janes.com/security/ [9] "DPRK Successfully Conducts international_security/news/jdw/ Underground Nuclear Test". KCNA. jdw061009_2_n.shtml. Retrieved on 2006-10-10. http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/ 2006-10-09. 2006/200610/news10/10.htm#1. [25] "France says North Korean blast ’about Retrieved on 2006-10-10. half a kiloton’". http://www.iht.com/ [10] US Asks for Tough UN Sanctions On articles/ap/2006/10/09/europe/ North Korea Voice of America October 9, EU_GEN_France_Koreas_Nuclear.php. 2006 Retrieved on 2006-10-09. [11] "North Korean test ’went wrong,’ U.S. [26] Scientists Probe North Korea Nuke Test official says". http://www.cnn.com/2006/ October 9, 2006 WORLD/asiapcf/10/10/korea.nuclear.test/ [27] Gertiz, Bill, U.S. doubts Korean test was index.html. Retrieved on 2006-10-11. nuclear, Washington Times, October 10, [12] "Nuclear Weapons Program - North 2006 Korea". http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/ [28] Seitz, Russel (October 13, 2006). dprk/nuke/index.html. Retrieved on "Commentary - Parody Physics 2006-10-11. Package?". Wall Street Journal. [13] ^ Greimel, Hans (October 11, 2006). http://online.wsj.com/article/ "North Korea threatens war over SB116070423640191496.html?mod=opinion. sanctions". Associated Press. Retrieved on 2006-10-13. http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/K/ [29] "Success, failure or bluff? Scientists pore KOREAS_NUCLEAR?SITE=CADIU&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT. over data". http://www.khaleejtimes.com/ Retrieved on 2006-10-11. DisplayArticleNew.asp?xfile=data/ [14] North Korea: Increased U.S. Pressure theworld/2006/October/ Would Be ’Act of War’ Fox News October theworld_October303.xml&section=theworld. 11, 2006 Retrieved on 2006-10-09.

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2006 North Korean nuclear test

[30] ^ For general reference on the history of http://in.today.reuters.com/news/ nuclear weapons and on general newsArticle.aspx?type=worldNews&storyID=2006-1 parameters of nuclear weapons design, Retrieved on 2006-10-18. see, for example, Carey Sublette’s [44] "N. Korea informs China of plan to Nuclear Weapon Archive (esp. the conduct 3 more nuke tests: CNN+". Nuclear Weapons Frequently Asked http://www.breitbart.com/news/2006/10/ Questions section). For detailed 18/D8KR5TG00.html. Retrieved on information, see Chuck Hansen, The 2006-10-18. Swords of Armageddon: US nuclear [45] "North Korea’s neighbors caution it not weapons development since 1945 to conduct nuclear test". (Sunnyvale, CA: Chukelea Publications, http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/ 1995). 2006-10-03-north-korea-nuclear_x.htm. [31] Reactor-Grade and Weapons-Grade Retrieved on 2006-10-10. Plutonium in Nuclear Explosives [1] [46] "South Korea opposes any UN military [32] cnn.com, U.S. official: ’Something went measures against North". wrong’ on blast http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/ [33] "US confirms N Korea nuclear test". afp_asiapacific/view/234718/1/.html. http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/ Retrieved on 2006-10-10. 37C567C3-7C0A-4454-92DA-8B6B961637FA.htm. [47] "Seoul stocks tumble after North Korea Retrieved on 2006-10-17. confirms nuke test". [34] "N Korea’s nuclear test backlash". http://www.marketwatch.com/news/ http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/nstory/ koreas-nuclear-test-happiness/2006/10/ Story.aspx?guid=%7B8416EB92-BEF2-4D62-A9C7-C 09/1160246048496.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2006-10-09. 2006-10-09. [48] "N Korea says conducted nuclear test". [35] "North Korean nuclear test site". http://www.ft.com/cms/s/ http://home.kyodo.co.jp/modules/ 7c9f359a-5744-11db-9110-0000779e2340.html. fstStory/index.php?storyid=275873. Retrieved on 2006-10-09. Retrieved on 2006-10-09. [49] "Market impact". [36] "Magnitude 4.2 - NORTH KOREA". http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/ http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/ news?pid=20602063&sid=a3VyBF9OeQ4Y&refer=m recenteqsww/Quakes/ustqab.php. Retrieved on 2006-10-09. Retrieved on 2006-10-09. [50] "Nth Korea says nuclear test conducted". [37] "N.Korea may have conducted another http://tvnz.co.nz/view/page/411749/ nuclear test: NHK," Reuters, 11 Oct. 848142. Retrieved on 2006-10-09. 2006 [51] "Gold prices rise 1%". [38] "N. Korea may have done 2nd nuke test", http://www.businessday.co.za/articles/ MSNBC, 11 Oct. 2006. markets.aspx?ID=BD4A286371. [39] "Japan reports magnitude-6.0 Retrieved on 2006-10-09. earthquake", Associated Press, October [52] "Asian stocks tumble on North Korean 11, 2006 nuclear test announcement". [40] "U.S., South Korean, monitors deny http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/ Japan report North Korea conducted 2nd singaporebusinessnews/view/234563/1/ test", Associated Press, October 11, 2006 .html. Retrieved on 2006-10-09. [41] "Magnitude 5.8 OFF EAST COAST OF [53] "Current Dow Jones Industrial Average HONSHU, JAPAN Tuesday, October 10, trading". http://finance.yahoo.com/ 2006 at 23:58:07 UTC", United States q?s=%5EDJI. Retrieved on 2006-10-09. Geological Survey, October 11, 2006 [54] "North Korean Test Provokes [42] "Activity at NKorea Test Site". Widespread Condemnation". Arms http://today.reuters.com/news/ Control Today. November 2006. articlenews.aspx?type=topNews&storyID=2006-10-17T005702Z_01_N14268552_RTRUKOC_0_UShttp://www.armscontrol.org/act/2006_11/ KOREANKTest.asp. Retrieved on 2006-11-05. NORTH.xml&WTmodLoc=NewsHomeC1-topNews-4. Retrieved on 2006-10-16. [43] "NKorea to China: NK will conduct more nuclear tests".

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2006 North Korean nuclear test
• Position (according to USGS) at Google Maps • Military history of the Chik-Tong area • Newspaper article on reasons for conducting test • Satellite Picture of test site on BBC News website • CNN report on nuclear test

External links
• Feature: North Korean Nuclear Test, Arms Control Today, November 2006 • UN-Resolution 1718 full text • USGS Earthquake Details • Seismic data from Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology • North Korea’s nuclear facilities by Google Earth, including the site of the October 2006 test

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_North_Korean_nuclear_test" Categories: 2006 in North Korea, Nuclear tests, Military equipment of North Korea, Military of North Korea, Anti-Korean sentiment in Japan, Underground nuclear explosive tests, Nuclear program of North Korea This page was last modified on 17 April 2009, at 18:48 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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