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Pittsburgh Pirates

Pittsburgh Pirates
For current information on this topic, see 2009 Pittsburgh Pirates season.
Pittsburgh Pirates Established 1882 Ballpark • • • • • • Three Rivers Stadium (1970–2000) Forbes Field (1909–1970) Exposition Park (II) (1891–1909) Recreation Park (1884–1890) Exposition Park (I) (1882–1883)

Major league titles World Series titles (5) NL Pennants (9) 1979 • 1971 • 1960 • 1925 1909 1979 • 1971 • 1960 • 1927 1925 • 1909 • 1903 • 1902 1901 None 1992 • 1991 • 1990 • 1979 1975 • 1974 • 1972 • 1971 1970 None

Team Logo

Cap Insignia

Central Division titles (0) East Division titles (9) Wild card berths (0)

Major league affiliations • • Current uniform

Owner(s): Robert Nutting, others Manager: John Russell General Manager: Neal Huntington

Retired Numbers Colors • Name •

1, 4, 8, 9, 11, 20, 21, 33, 40, 42

The Pittsburgh Pirates are a Major League Baseball club based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. They play in the Central Division of the National League, and are five-time World Series Champions, in addition to the distinction of playing in the first modern World Series. The Pirates are also often referred to as the Bucs or sometimes the Buccos (derived from buccaneer).

Franchise history
19th century
Professional baseball has been played in the Pittsburgh area since 1876. The teams of the era were "independents", barnstorming throughout the region and not affiliated with any organized league, though they did have salaries and were run as a business organization.[1] In 1882 the strongest team in the area joined the American Association as a

• Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1887–1889) • Allegheny (1882–1886)
(Also referred to as "Infants" in 1890 and Pittsburg for a time)

Other nicknames •

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founding member. Their various home fields in the 19th century were in a then-separate city called Allegheny City, across the Allegheny River from Pittsburgh. The team was listed as "Allegheny" in the standings, and was sometimes called the "Alleghenys" (not the "Alleghenies") in the same generic way that teams from Boston, New York, and Chicago were sometimes called the "Bostons", the "New Yorks", and the "Chicagos", in the sportswriting style of that era. After five mediocre seasons in the A.A., Pittsburgh became the first A.A. team to switch to the older National League in 1887. At this time, the team renamed itself the Pittsburgh Alleghenys,[2] although Allegheny remained a separate city until it was annexed by Pittsburgh in 1907. At that time, owner-manager Horace Phillips sold the team to Dennis McKnight; Phillips stayed on as manager.[3] In those early days, the club benefited three times from mergers with defunct clubs. The A.A. club picked up a number of players from a defunct Columbus, Ohio, team in 1885. The Alleghenys were severely crippled during the 1890 season, when nearly all of their stars jumped to the Pittsburgh Burghers of the Players’ League. With a decimated roster, the team experienced what is still the worst season in franchise history, going 23-113.[4] The battle nearly ruined McKnight, and he was forced to return his franchise to the league. However, almost immediately after this, McKnight joined the backers of the Burghers as a minority owner, which then repurchased the Pittsburgh National League franchise and rechartered it under a different corporate name. They were thus able to legally recover the services of most of the players who had jumped to the upstart league a year earlier.[3] The new owners also signed several players from American Association teams. One of them was highly regarded second baseman Lou Bierbauer, who had previously played with the A.A.’s Philadelphia Athletics. The Athletics failed to include him on their reserve list, and the Alleghenys picked him up. This led to loud protests by the Athletics, and in an official complaint, an AA official claimed the Alleghenys’ actions were "piratical".[5] This incident (which is discussed at some length in The Beer and Whisky League, by David Nemec, 1994) quickly accelerated into a schism between the leagues that

Pittsburgh Pirates
contributed to the demise of the A.A. Although the Alleghenys were never found guilty of wrongdoing, they made sport of being denounced for being "piratical" by renaming themselves "the Pirates" for the 1891 season.[2] The nickname was first acknowledged on the team’s uniforms in 1912. After the 1899 season, the Pirates made what is arguably the best player transaction in franchise history when they picked up nearly all of the star players from the Louisville Colonels. Louisville owner Barney Dreyfuss had been told that the Colonels were slated for elimination when the N.L. contracted from 12 to 8 teams. He secretly purchased a half-interest in the Pirates, then after the season sent nearly all of the Colonels’ stars up the Ohio River to Pittsburgh. Since the transaction occurred before the Colonels officially folded, it was structured as a trade; the Pirates sent four relatively unknown players to Louisville.[3] Despite their nickname, the Pirates at least waited until after the season to pull off this blockbuster trade. This is unlike what happened in 1899 to the Cleveland Spiders and, to a lesser extent, the Baltimore Orioles, who were also part of two-team ownerships. Dreyfuss later bought full control of the team and kept it until his death in 1932.

1901–1945
Bolstered by former Colonels shortstop Honus Wagner (who was born and raised in the Pittsburgh area) and player/manager Fred Clarke, the Pirates completely dominated the National League, in part because they lost few star players to the rival American League. However, owing to injuries to their starting pitchers, they lost the first modern World Series ever played, in 1903 to Boston. Deacon Phillippe pitched five complete games, winning three of them, but it was not enough. With largely the same star players, the Pirates would continue to be a strong team over the next few years, and got their first World Series title in 1909, defeating the Detroit Tigers in seven games, the same year they opened Forbes Field. The Pirates originally played in Recreation, Union and Exposition Parks, all in what was then Allegheny City. Allegheny City was annexed by Pittsburgh in December, 1907. Accordingly, the Pirates did not play their

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first major league game in Pittsburgh until 1908—over 25 years after their founding.[6] The decline of Honus Wagner, considered by many to be the greatest shortstop ever, led to a number of losing seasons, culminating in a disastrous 51-103 record in 1917; however, veteran outfielder Max Carey and young players Pie Traynor and Kiki Cuyler, along with a remarkably deep pitching staff, brought the Pirates back into the spotlight. The Pirates recovered from a 3-1 deficit to win the 1925 World Series over the Washington Senators, and reached the 1927 World Series before losing in a sweep to the New York Yankees, who at that time had built the most dominant team in baseball. The 1927 season was the first for the sharp-hitting combination of brothers Lloyd Waner and Paul Waner, who along with shortstop Arky Vaughan ensured that the Pirates had plenty of Hall of Fame-caliber position players through 1941. However, the Pirates’ crushing defeats of 1927 and 1938 (they lost the pennant to the Chicago Cubs in the final days of the 1938 season) were tremendous setbacks.

Pittsburgh Pirates
roster of its higher-salaried veterans (including Kiner in 1953) and flooded the team with young players. Many of those youngsters faltered; however, those who fulfilled Rickey’s faith in them — pitchers Vern Law, Bob Friend and Elroy Face, shortstop Dick Groat, second baseman Bill Mazeroski, and especially outfielder Roberto Clemente, drafted from Brooklyn after his only minor league season (1954) — would form the nucleus of the Pirates’ 1960 championship club. Moreover, Rickey put into place one of baseball’s most successful farm and scouting systems that kept the team competitive into the late 1970s. But all this was not evident when Rickey retired due to ill health in 1955, with the Pirates still struggling to escape the NL basement. The postwar Pirates would have only one winning season until 1958, Danny Murtaugh’s first full season as their manager. Murtaugh is widely credited for inventing the concept of the closer by frequently playing pitcher Elroy Face late in close games. The 1960 team featured eight All-Stars, but was widely predicted to lose the World Series to a powerful New York Yankees team. In one of the most memorable World Series in history, the Pirates were defeated by ten or more runs in three games, won three close games, then recovered from a 7-4 deficit late in Game 7 to eventually win on a walk-off home run by Mazeroski, a second baseman better known for defensive wizardry. (The 1960 Pirates were the only team between 1945 and 2001 to have not succumbed to the so-called "Ex-Cubs Factor" in the postseason. They were also unique for winning a World Series on a home run, a feat duplicated by the Toronto Blue Jays in 1993, though it should be noted that Joe Carter’s home run came in Game 6 of the 1993 World Series--Mazeroski’s is the only Game 7 walk-off in World Series history.) The 1960s would continue with extremely solid defensive play by Mazeroski and the first Puerto Rican superstar, Roberto Clemente. Clemente was regarded as one of the game’s best all-time hitters, and possessed a tremendous arm in right field. Although not the first black-Hispanic baseball player (an honor belonging to Minnie Miñoso), Clemente’s charisma and leadership in humanitarian causes made him an icon across the continent. During his playing career, Clemente was often overlooked. Looking back,

1946-1969
The post-World War II years were not kind to the Pirates, despite the presence of a genuine star in Ralph Kiner, who led the National League in home runs for seven consecutive seasons (1946 through 1952). But the team around Kiner placed in the first division only one time — in 1948 — and in 1952 compiled one of the worst records in major league history, winning 42 and losing 112 games (.273) and finishing 54½ games out of first place. In 1946, the long era of ownership by the Barney Dreyfuss family came to an end when a syndicate that included entertainer Bing Crosby bought the team. By 1950, Columbus, Ohio-based real estate tycoon John W. Galbreath emerged as majority owner, and his family would run the team for another 35 years and supervise its rise to the top of the NL. Galbreath’s first major move, the hiring of Branch Rickey as general manager after the 1950 campaign, was initially a great disappointment to Pittsburgh fans. Rickey had invented the farm system with the Cardinals and broken the baseball color line with the Dodgers — and built dynasties at each club. But in Pittsburgh, he purged the Pirates’

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however, many consider Clemente to have been one of the greatest right fielders in baseball history. Even with Clemente, however, the Pirates struggled to post winning marks from 1961-64, and Murtaugh was replaced by Harry Walker in 1965. With Walker, a renowned batting coach, at the helm — and the hitting of Clemente, Matty Alou, Manny Mota and others — the Pirates fielded contending, 90-plus win teams in both 1965 and 1966. However, Pittsburgh had no answer for the pitching of the Dodgers and the Giants, and finished third each season. In 1967, they fell back to .500, and did not contend through the rest of the 1960s.

Pittsburgh Pirates
posted an outrageous 9.85 ERA. To this day, pitchers who suddenly lose the ability to throw strikes are said to have "Steve Blass disease." Some speculated that the emotional shock of his friend Clemente’s death contributed to his breakdown. He retired soon afterwards; he has since been one of the Pirates’ radio and TV announcers for almost two decades. The Pirates would make the playoffs in 1974 and 1975, but they lost to Los Angeles Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds each time, respectively. Around this time, the speedy Omar Moreno and the power-hitting Dave Parker would join Stargell in the lineup. After the 1976 season where the Pirates finished in 2nd place, Danny Murtaugh passed away. A trade was made with the Oakland Athletics where catcher Manny Sanguillen was traded for manager Chuck Tanner. The Pirates would finish in 2nd once again in 1977 with Parker winning a batting title. It was also in 1977 where the Pirates would begin using the gold and black uniforms with their pillbox caps. Willie Stargell would award teammates with "Stargell Stars" on their caps for excellent plays on the field. The following year, the Pirates turned end of the 1978 season into an impromptu pennant race for the NL East, as they tried to chase down the collapsing Philadelphia Phillies, who ultimately won the division, only to fall short during the final home stand of the season (ironically against the Phillies). Despite this, Dave Parker would win another batting title and a National League MVP to go with it. Adopting the popular song "We Are Family" by the Philadelphia disco group Sister Sledge as their theme song, the 1979 Pirates held off the Montreal Expos to claim the pennant. "We Are Family" was elevated from theme song to anthem status (and is still nearly synonymous with the ’79 Pirates), with fans chanting "Fam-a-lee!" from the stands. The Pirates faced the Baltimore Orioles again in the World Series, which (like 1971) they won in seven games, on October 17, 1979. During the 1979 championship season, a Pirate player was designated as Most Valuable Player in every available category: All-Star Game MVP (Dave Parker), NL Championship Series MVP (Willie Stargell), World Series MVP (Willie Stargell), and National League MVP (Willie Stargell, shared with Keith Hernandez of the Cardinals).

1970–1979 and "The Family"
Slugger Willie Stargell became a fixture in the Pittsburgh lineup in the late 1960s, and the Pirates returned to prominence in 1970. Murtaugh returned as manager and the Pirates’ home field, Forbes Field, was demolished in favor of the multi-purpose Three Rivers Stadium. In 1970, the Pirates won their first of five division titles over the next seven years, and won their fourth World Series in 1971 behind a .414 Series batting average by Clemente. They also thought they had a genuine superstar pitcher (historically rare for the Pirates) in Steve Blass, who pitched two masterful games in the World Series against Baltimore and had excellent seasons in 1968 and 1972. In 1971, the Pirates also became the first Major League Baseball team to field an allblack starting lineup.[7] That lineup, on September 1, was Rennie Stennett, Gene Clines, Roberto Clemente, Willie Stargell, Manny Sanguillen, Dave Cash, Al Oliver, Jackie Hernandez, and Dock Ellis.[8] Clemente died in a plane crash on December 31, 1972 while accompanying a shipment of relief supplies to the victims of an earthquake in Nicaragua. He had reached the milestone of 3,000 career hits, a standup double, just a few months earlier, on September 30, 1972, in what would prove to be his last regular-season hit. The Baseball Hall of Fame waived its usual waiting requirement and inducted Clemente immediately. Pittsburgh would eventually erect a statue and name a bridge and park near the stadium after him. In 1973, Blass suffered a mysterious breakdown in his pitching abilities and

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Pittsburgh Pirates
week, despite having a losing record and a payroll of only $9 million.

1980s and early 1990s: The Leyland era
Following was a period of decline until the Pirates were regarded as the worst team in baseball during the mid-1980s. Jim Leyland took over as manager, and the Pirates gradually climbed out of the cellar behind mostly young and exciting players such as "outfield of dreams" Bobby Bonilla, Barry Bonds (also known as the "Killer B’s" due to their prowess at the plate), and Andy Van Slyke; infielders Jay Bell, Steve Buechele, Mike LaValliere, Sid Bream, and Jose Lind; and pitchers Doug Drabek, John Smiley, and Stan Belinda. As a rookie in 1982, Johnny Ray played in every game and was named the Rookie of the Year by the Sporting News. In 1988, the young team finished 85-75 and seemed ready to compete for a pennant. However, the 1989 season was a major setback, with injuries depleting the squad and leading to a 5th-place finish. Among the low points of the season was a game on June 8, 1989, where the Pirates became the first team in major-league history to score 10 runs in the first inning and nevertheless lose the game.[9] Pirates broadcaster (and former pitcher) Jim Rooker famously vowed that if the team blew the lead, he would walk home from Philadelphia—a vow he fulfilled after the season while raising money for charity.[10] The Pirates would win the first three division titles of the 1990s, but failed to advance to the World Series each time, the second two losing closely contested seven-game series to the Atlanta Braves.

Aerial view of Three Rivers Stadium, Its final year in 2000. In 2001, the Pirates opened a new stadium, PNC Park. Due to its simple concept and strategic usage of the Pittsburgh skyline, it is frequently regarded as currently the best park in baseball .[12] General manager Dave Littlefield was installed July 13, 2001, midway through the 2001 season and began overhauling the team to comply with owner Kevin McClatchy’s dictum to drastically reduce the payroll. Enigmatic but talented third baseman Aramis Ramírez was traded to the Chicago Cubs in 2003 for a fairly minimal return under pressure to dump his $6 million salary for 2004, and he proceeded to become a star for the Cubs. Brian Giles was one of the National League’s best hitters for several years, but he and his $9 million salary were also traded in 2003 to the San Diego Padres for youngsters Oliver Pérez, Jason Bay, and Cory Stewart. Pirate fans found this trade much more palatable in the short run, as Pérez led the majors in strikeouts per inning and Bay won the Rookie of the Year Award award in 2004, while Giles put up a subpar season by his standards. After the 2004 season, Jason Kendall went to the Oakland Athletics in a cross-exchange of high-salary players. Though this rash of trades has not been popular in Pittsburgh, it is generally accepted that it can mostly be attributed to the aforementioned "small market syndrome." Illustrating the Pirates’ rebuilding efforts, at the close of the 2005 season, the team fielded the youngest roster in baseball, with an average age of 26.6. (The next youngest team was the Kansas City Royals, with an

1990s–2007: The McClatchy/Littlefield era
After the 1992 season, manager Jim Leyland set out to rebuild the team, giving up several high-payroll players in favor of a younger crew. The Pirates have been unable to come up with a winning season since, accumulating a 16-year losing streak. The current losing season streak has tied the Philadelphia Phillies, who had losing seasons from 19331948, the longest in any of the country’s four major professional sports leagues. [11] The closest to a winning team was the 1997 team, which finished second in the NL Central. It was eliminated during the season’s final

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average age of 27.1.) During the course of the season, 14 players were called up from its Triple-A affiliate, the Indianapolis Indians, 12 of whom made their first major league appearance. On September 6, manager Lloyd McClendon was fired after 5 losing seasons as manager. On October 11, Jim Tracy was hired as the new manager. The 2006 season got off to a slow start with the Pirates losing their first six games. Manager Jim Tracy earned his first win as the new Pirate’s skipper on April 9 against the Cincinnati Reds. The Pirates hosted the All Star Game at PNC Park. The Pirates went into the game with a disastrous and disappointing 30-60 record. During the second half of the season, the Pirates made a successful turn around and finished the second half with a 37-35 record. This is the first time the Pirates have finished the second half of the season with a winning record since 1992. Third baseman Freddy Sanchez won the National League batting title for the 2006 season with an average of .344. 2007 was a year of transition for the Pirates. After 52 seasons with Newsradio 1020 KDKA AM, the Pirates switched their flagstation affiliate to WPGB FM Newstalk 104.7. In addition, Robert Nutting replaced McClatchy as majority owner, becoming the sixth majority owner in Pirates history. On July 6, 2007, Kevin McClatchy announced he is stepping down as the Pirates CEO at the end of the 2007 season.[13] On September 7, 2007, Nutting fired general manager Dave Littlefield.[14]

Pittsburgh Pirates
manager John Russell, who eventually was named the new manager November 5, 2007. He had originally been the third base coach under previous manager Lloyd McClendon from 2003–2005 until he was fired by the previous General Manager Dave Littlefield.[18] During the July trade dealine, the Pirates made several deals that sent several accomplished veterans to other franchises. However the Pirates received some highly rated prospects in return. On July 26, 2008, the Pirates traded left fielder Xavier Nady and pitcher Dámaso Marté to the New York Yankees in return for Jose Tabata, Ross Ohlendorf, Dan McCutchen, and Jeff Karstens. Tabata is dubbed as an enigmatic center fielder with huge potential but comes with equally large question marks. Karstens began his career with the Pirates at 2-0 and came within 4 outs of pitching the first perfect game in franchise history on August 6, 2008.
[19]

2007–present: New organizational management
The Pittsburgh Pirates began to shape their organizational management as the fall of 2007 came. On September 13, Frank Coonelly, chief labor counsel for Major League Baseball, was introduced as the team’s new president.[15] On September 25, 2007, the Pirates announced the hiring of Neal Huntington, formerly a scout in the Cleveland Indians organization, as the team’s new general manager.[16] On October 5, 2007, Jim Tracy was fired by the Pirates, leaving them with another search for a manager. Torey Lovullo had originally been named as a leading candidate for the position[17], but his name was gradually replaced by others in the minor league ranks, one being Ottawa Lynx

Then on July 31, Jason Bay was traded to the Boston Red Sox in a three-team deal that sent Manny Ramírez to the Los Angeles Dodgers and Andy LaRoche and Bryan Morris to the Pirates from the Dodgers and Brandon Moss and Craig Hansen to the Pirates from the Red Sox. Accoding to Huntington, these are risky deals, to be sure. But he insists that there is a lot of upside if just two or three of the newly acquired players develop to their fullest. [20] The Pirates are hoping to use their new young talent and combine them with their developed players like Matt Capps, Freddy Sanchez, and Nate McLouth and create a solid foundation for team. On November 24 the same year, the Pirates signed Rinku Singh and Dinesh Patel as undrafted free agents, making them the first Indian citizens to sign a contract with any American professional sports team. [21] Both men are pitchers, who were first spotted in the "Million Dollar Arm" contest organised in India by J.B. Bernstein earlier in 2008. Both men are scheduled to report to the Pirates’ instructional league team in January 2009. On December 12, the Pirates addressed another offseason need, signing utility player Ramón Vázquez to a $4 million, two-year contract. [22] On January 20, the Pirates signed Eric Hinske to a one-year, $1.5 million deal.
[23]

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Pittsburgh Pirates
• 44 Brandon Moss • 48 Delwyn Young Outfielders • 51 Steve Pearce • 31 Jose Tabata

World Series titles
Year Manager Regular World Season Series Opponent 110-42, .724 Detroit Tigers WS Result (PIT•OPP) 4-3

† 15-day d abled list list list

* Suspend

1909 Fred Clarke

# Bereave

1925 Bill 95-58, McKechnie .621 1960 Danny Murtaugh 1971 Danny Murtaugh 1979 Chuck Tanner 95-59, .617 97-65, .599 98-64, .605

Washington 4-3 Senators New York Yankees Baltimore Orioles Baltimore Orioles 4-3 4-3 4-3

Roster upd

2009-05-1

Transactio

Depth Cha

→ More ro

Players
Baseball Hall of Fame
• Jake Beckley (1888–1889, 1891–1896) • Jim Bunning Coaches/ (1968–1969) Other • Max Carey Manager (1910–1926) • 7 John • Jack Russell Chesbro Coaches (1899–1902) • 86 • Fred Clarke Heberto (Player/ Andrade Manager, (coach) 1900–1915) • 29 Tony • Roberto Beasley Clemente (third base) (1955–1972) • 60 Luis • Joe Cronin Dorante (1926–1927) (bullpen) • Kiki Cuyler • 6 Perry (1921–1927) Hill (first • Barney base) Dreyfuss • 39 Joe (Owner, Kerrigan 1900-1932) (pitching) • Frankie • 59 Don Frisch Long (Manager, (hitting) 1940–1946) • 14 Gary • Pud Galvin Varsho (1887–1889, (bench) 1891–1892) 60-day dis• Rich abled list Gossage • 32 Phil (1977) Dumatrait • Ned Hanlon (1889, 1891) • Billy Herman (1947) • Waite Hoyt (1933–1937) • Joe Kelley (1891–1892) • George Kelly (1917) • Ralph Kiner (1946–1953) • Chuck Klein (1939) • Freddie Lindstrom (1933–1934) • Al Lopez (1940–1946) • Connie Mack (1894–1896) • Heinie Manush (1938–1939) • Rabbit Maranville (1921–1924) • Bill Mazeroski (1956–1972) • Bill McKechnie (1907, 1910–1912, • Bob Prince (Announcer, 1948–1975) • Branch Rickey (Executive, 1950-1955) • Billy Southworth (1918-1920) • Willie Stargell (1962–1982) • Casey Stengel (1918–1919) • Pie Traynor (1920–1934; Player/ Manager, 1934–1939) • Dazzy Vance (1915) • Arky Vaughan (1932–1941) • Rube Waddell (1900–1901) • Honus Wagner (1900–1917; Manager, 1917)T206 card

Total World Series Titles — 5

Current roster
Pittsburgh Pirates roster Active roster Pitchers
Starting rotation

Inactive roster Catchers • 23 Robinzon Díaz • 35 Jason Jaramillo Infielders • 25 Adam LaRoche • 15 Andy LaRoche • 12 Freddy Sanchez • 5 Ramón Vázquez • 2 Jack Wilson Outfielders • 16 Eric Hinske • 13 Nate McLouth • 18 Craig Monroe • 3 Nyjer Morgan Pitchers • -- Eric Hacker • 38 Craig Hansen † • -- Steven Jackson • 61 Jeff Sues • 63 Ronald Uviedo • 76 Virgil Vasquez • 30 Tyler Yates † Catchers • 41 Ryan Doumit † • 64 Steve Lerud Infielders • 53 Pedro Alvarez • 10 Brian Bixler • 36 Luis Cruz • 19 Neil Walker

• 57 Zach Duke • 27 Jeff Karstens • 28 Paul Maholm • 49 Ross Ohlendorf • 45 Ian Snell
Bullpen

• 17 Sean Burnett • 43 Jesse Chavez • 24 Tom Gorzelanny • 34 John Grabow • 47 Evan Meek • 56 Donald Veal
Closer

• 55 Matt Capps

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• Hank Greenberg (1947) • Burleigh Grimes (1916–1917, 1928–1929, 1934) 1918, 1920; Manager, 1922–1926)

Pittsburgh Pirates

there would have been another game had • Lloyd they lost this one). Waner • First ever Major League Baseball game , a (1927–1941, game between the Pirates and the host 1944–1945) Philadelphia Phillies aired August 5, 1921, • Paul Waner on (1926–1940) KDKA (AM) Pittsburgh. The Pirates • Vic Willis won the game 8-5. • During the 1953 season, the Pirates (1906–1909) became the first team to permanently adopt batting helmets on both offense Retired numbers and defense. These helmets resembled a • Billy Meyer, Manager, 1948–1952 primitive fiberglass “miner’s cap”. This (Retired 1954) was the mandate of general manager • Ralph Kiner, OF, 1946–1953 (Retired Branch Rickey, who also owned stock in 1987) the company producing the helmets. • Willie Stargell, OF-1B, 1962–1982; Coach, Under Rickey’s orders, all Pirate players 1985 (Retired 1982) had to wear the helmets both at bat and in • Bill Mazeroski, 2B, 1956–1972; Coach, the field. The helmets became a 1973 (Retired 1987) permanent feature for all Pirate hitters, • Paul Waner, OF, 1926–1940 (Retired but within a few weeks the team began to 2007) abandon their use of helmets in the field, • Pie Traynor, 3B, 1920–1934; Manager, partly because of their awkwardly heavy 1934–1939 (Retired 1972) feel. Once the Pirates discarded the • Roberto Clemente, OF, 1955–1972 helmets on defense, the trend disappeared (Retired 1973) from the game.[24] • Honus Wagner, SS, 1900–1917; Manager, • The first was played in Three Rivers 1917; Coach, 1933–1951 (This was his Stadium on October 13, 1971 — eleven number only as a coach) (Retired 1956) years to the day since Mazeroski’s walk• Danny Murtaugh, IF, 1948–1951; Coach, off homer brought the Pirates their last 1956–1957; Manager, 1957–1964, 1967, World Series title in 1960. In this case, 1970–1973, 1973–1976 (Retired 1977) however, it was Game 4 between the • Jackie Robinson, retired throughout Major Pirates and the Baltimore Orioles, rather League Baseball (Retired 1997) than a decisive Game 7. Apparently, good things happen for the Pirates on this date, as they knotted the ’71 Series at two games apiece on their way to their fourth title. Won-loss records • The first in MLB history took the field on • • 1902 (103-36), Fred Clarke September 1, 1971.[25] The lineup was • 1909 (110-42), Fred Clarke Rennie Stennett, Gene Clines, Roberto • • 1890 (23-113), Guy Hecker Clemente, Willie Stargell, Manny • 1917 (51-103), Jim Callahan and Honus Sanguillen, Dave Cash, Al Oliver, Jackie Wagner Hernandez, and Dock Ellis.[8] • 1952 (42-112), Billy Meyer • The first in MLB history took place at • 1953 (50-104), Fred Haney Three Rivers Stadium on July 12, 1997. • 1954 (53–101), Fred Haney Francisco Cordova (9 innings) and Ricardo • 1985 (57-104), Chuck Tanner Rincon (1 inning) combined to no-hit the • 2001 (62-100), Lloyd McClendon Houston Astros, 3-0 in 10 innings. Pinchhitter Mark Smith’s three-run walk-off First-in-MLB accomplishments home run in the bottom of the 10th inning • First franchise to (1960 World Series) in sealed the victory and the no-hitter for the the decisive 7th game. The only other Pirates. It remains the only such no-hitter team to meet this feat is the Toronto Blue to date.[26] Jays in 1993, who accomplished it in the • The Pirates became the first MLB team to 6th game of the Series (non-decisive, i.e. sign Indian players when they acquired the non-draft free agents of Rinku Singh

Franchise records

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and Dinesh Patel.[27][28] This was also seen by the Pirates General Manager as "not only add[ing] two prospects to our system but also hope to open a pathway to an untapped market."[29]

Pittsburgh Pirates
Announcers Greg Brown, Bob Walk, John Wehner, and Steve Blass shuttle between the radio and TV booths. Also, Tim Neverett will begin calling Pirates games this season (2009) after Lanny Frattare, also known as the voice of the Pirates, retired after the 2008 season. He was the longest working announcer in Pirates history (33 seasons). Neverett, has called NHL, MLB, and Olympic games. His last job was calling the Colorado Rockies in 2008. On October 1, 2008, longtime play-by-play announcer Lanny Frattare retired after 33 seasons, having called Pirates’ games since the 1976 season. He is the longest-tenured announcer in Pirates’ history, surpassing the man he replaced, the late Bob Prince (28 seasons, 1948-1975). On December 18, 2008, the Pirates hired former Colorado Rockies broadcaster Tim Neverett as the new play-by-play announcer. Neverett will join Greg Brown in calling Pirates games on radio and television.[31]

Minor league affiliations
• • • • • • • • Indianapolis Indians, International League Altoona Curve, Eastern League Lynchburg Hillcats, Carolina League West Virginia Power, South Atlantic League State College Spikes, New York-Penn League Gulf Coast Pirates, Gulf Coast League VSL Pirates, Venezuelan Summer League DSL Pirates, Dominican Summer League

Radio and television
See also: List of Pittsburgh Pirates broadcasters In 2007, the Pirates chose to end the longest relationship between a team and a radio station in American professional sports. KDKA first broadcast the Pirates on August 5, 1921; with Westinghouse foreman Harold Arlin behind the mic. Broadcasts ended in 1924, but returned in 1936. Except for a few years on WWSW in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Pirates were on KDKA for 61 years. KDKA’s 50,000-watt clear channel enabled Pirates fans across the eastern half of North America at night to hear the games. That changed for the 2007 season, when the Pirates moved to FM talk radio station WPGB. The Pirates cited the desire to reach more people in the 25-54 age bracket coveted by advertisers. The acquisition of the rights means that Clear Channel Communications holds the rights to every major sports team in Pittsburgh. The Pirates have long had a radio network that has extended across four states. Stations for the 2007 season include Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, and Maryland radio broadcasters.[30] Games are televised on Fox Sports Pittsburgh, the Pirates’ cable television outlet since 1986. There has been no over-the-air coverage of the Pirates since 2002, when some games were on WCWB. KDKA-TV aired Pirates games for 38 years (1957-1994). Games aired on WPXI from 1995-96 and on WPGH-TV and WCWB from 1997-2002.

Logos & Uniforms

1888 Alleghenys Logo

1908-1909 Logo

1922 Logo

1933-1935 Logo

1936-1947 1948-1959 Logo Logo

1960-1967 Logo

1968–1986 Logo

1997-Present Alternate 1997-Present Logo Logo The Pirates have had many uniforms and logo changes over the years, with the only consistency being the "P" on the team’s cap. It was adopted in the mid-1940s. Aside from style

1987-1996 Logo

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changes in the cap itself, the "P" logo has remained since. The Pirates have long been innovators in baseball uniforms. In 1948, the team broke away from the patriotic "Red, White, & Blue" color scheme when they adopted the current black & gold color scheme, to match that of the colors of the Flag of Pittsburgh and, to a lesser extent at the time, the colors of the then-relatively unknown Pittsburgh Steelers of the NFL. While they weren’t the first baseball team to do this, they were one of the first to do this permanently. Along with the San Francisco Giants, the Pirates are one of two pre-expansion National League teams that completely changed their colors, although red returned as an "accent color" in 1997 and remains today. In the late 1950s, the team adopted sleeveless jerseys. While not an innovation by the team (that honor goes to the Cincinnati Reds), the Pirates did help to popularize the look. The team brought back the vested jerseys in 2001, a style it has retained since, although the away jerseys said "Pittsburgh" in script instead of "Pirates." To coincide with the move into Three Rivers Stadium in 1970, the team introduced pullover spandex uniforms, the first such team in baseball, and a look that would quickly be adopted by most other teams by the end of the decade. The Pirates ditched the pullover style in favor of the traditional button-down style in 1991, one of the last teams to switch. The Pirates were also innovators in third jerseys. Even though it would be the Oakland A’s that would beat them to having such jerseys, the Pirates, by 1977 had different uniform styles that included two different caps, two different undershirts, three different jerseys and three different pairs of trousers. They would actually rotate (and sometimes mix, with painful results) these styles daily until returning to the basic white and gray uniform ensemble in 1985. In 1976, the National League celebrated its 100th anniversary. To coincide with it, certain NL teams wore old-style pillbox hats complete with horizontal pinstripes. After the season, the Pirates were the only team to adopt the hats permanently, (alternating between a black hat and a gold hat for several seasons until keeping the black hat in 1985) and kept the hat through the 1986 season, which would be Barry Bonds rookie

Pittsburgh Pirates
season with the team. The hats, which recall the team’s last World Series championship season (1979), remain popular items in the throwback market.

Represented in other media
• The Pirates are the team managed by Aloysius X. "Guffy" McGovern in the 1951 film Angels in the Outfield starring Janet Leigh and Paul Douglas. • In the 1968 film The Odd Couple the Pirates are playing the New York Mets at Shea Stadium in one scene. • In the 1984 film The Natural the Pirates are the team opposing the fictional New York Knights in the film’s climax. • At the end of the 1992 film The Babe the Pirates are the team in the climax at Forbes Field (where Babe Ruth hit his final career home runs). • In the 1993 film Rookie of the Year, there is a scene featuring former Pirates stars Barry Bonds and Bobby Bonilla striking out. • The 2008 film Chasing 3000 features two brothers travelling to Pittsburgh to see Roberto Clemente get his 3,000th base hit in 1972. This is the first film that focuses on the team since 1951’s Angels in the Outfield.

References

[1] Pittsburgh Pirates | BaseballLibrary.com [2] ^ Pirates official team history, part 1 [3] ^ Purdy, Dennis (2006). The Team-byTeam Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. New York City: Workman. ISBN 0761139435. [4] St. Louis trumps Pirates’ rally, 4-3 [5] Why is our baseball team called the Pirates? Pittsburgh City Paper, August 14, 2003. [6] DeValeria, Dennis and Jeanne Burke, Honus Wagner: A Biography. Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995, p.177 [7] John Perrotto (August 14, 2006). "Baseball Plog". Beaver County Times. http://www.timesonline.com/site/ news.cfm?newsid=17047895&BRD=2305&PAG=461

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Pittsburgh Pirates

[8] ^ "Honoring First All-Minority Lineup". [20] http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/ New York Times: p. Sports p. 2. tribunereview/sports/pirates/archive/ September 17, 2006. s_580843.html [9] "Royals make history with loss after 10 [21] http://pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com/news/ first-inning runs". Associated Press. article.jsp?ymd=20081124&content_id=3691650&vk August 24, 2006. [22] http:// http://sports.yahoo.com/mlb/ http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/ news;_ylt=AmfB36Y81GS4Ij40QGbYbUiFCLcF?slug= story?id=2560010. pirates-vazquez&prov=ap&type=lgns [10] Paul Meyer (August 27, 2006). "The [23] http://sports.yahoo.com/mlb/ 10-run trail". http://www.postnews;_ylt=AjyZvWLq3gJB_d0g8mjCn6GFCLcF?slug= gazette.com/pg/06239/716661-63.stm. pirates-maholm[11] Dejan Kovacevic (January 13, 2007). hinske&prov=ap&type=lgns "Nutting becomes Pirates’ principal [24] Oakland A’s Fan Coalition - Athletics owner". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. baseball enthusiasts dedicated to http://postgazette.com/pg/07013/ watching a winner 753573-63.stm. [25] John Perrotto (August 14, 2006). [12] Jim Caple. "Pittsburgh’s gem rates the "Baseball Plog". Beaver County Times. best". ESPN Page2. http://espn.go.com/ http://www.timesonline.com/site/ page2/s/ballparks/pncpark.html=. news.cfm?newsid=17047895&BRD=2305&PAG=461 [13] Dejan Kovacevic (July 6, 2007). "Pirates’ [26] Sporting News description and assertion McClatchy to step down as CEO later of first combined extra-innings no hitter; this year". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Box score via Baseball Reference http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/07187/ [27] http://nbcsports.msnbc.com/id/ 799784-63.stm. 27896829/ [14] Dejan Kovacevic (September 7, 2007). [28] http://pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com/news/ "Pirates fire GM Littlefield; interim article.jsp?ymd=20081124&content_id=3691650&vk replacement is Graham". Pittsburgh [29] http://pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com/news/ Post-Gazette. article.jsp?ymd=20081124&content_id=3690968&vk http://www.pittsburghpostgazette.com/ [30] Pirates Radio Network | pirates.com: pg/07250/815475-100.stm. Schedule [15] Paul Meyer (September 16, 2007). [31] http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/ "Pirates to make it official today: 28297181/|1 Coonelly is club’s new president". • Markusen, Bruce. The Team That Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Changed Baseball: Roberto Clemente and http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/07256/ the 1971 Pittsburgh Pirates. [1]. Yardley: 817137-63.stm. Westholme Publishing. 2005. ISBN [16] Paul Meyer (September 26, 2007). 1-59416-030-9 "Pirates hire Huntington as general • McCollister, John (1998). The Bucs!: The manager". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Story of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Lenexa: http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/07268/ Addax Publishing Group. ISBN 820379-63.stm. 1-886110-40-9. [17] http://www.timesonline.com/site/ • Nemec, David (2004). The Beer and printerFriendly.cfm?brd=2305&dept_id=478568&newsid=18893313 Whisky League : The Illustrated History of [18] Associated Press (November 6, 2007). the American Association—Baseball’s "Former Pirates third-base coach Renegade Major League. Guilford: The succeeds Tracy as manager". ESPN. Lyons Press. ISBN 1-59228-188-5. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/ story?id=3095222/pg/07268/ 820379-63.stm. • Pittsburgh Pirates Official Website [19] http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/ tribunereview/sports/pirates/archive/ s_581488.html

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pittsburgh_Pirates"

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Pittsburgh Pirates

Categories: Major League Baseball teams, Professional baseball teams in Pennsylvania, Sports in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Sports clubs established in 1882, Pittsburgh Pirates This page was last modified on 20 May 2009, at 15:54 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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