The Roaring Twenties The Roaring Twenties The

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					The Roaring Twenties

     The Jazz Age
•   FACTS about this decade.
•   106,521,537 people in the United States
•   2,132,000 unemployed, Unemployment 5.2%
•   Life expectancy: Male 53.6, Female 54.6
•   343,000 in military (down from 1,172,601 in 1919)
•   Average annual earnings $1236; Teacher's salary $970
•   Illiteracy rate reached a new low of 6% of the population.
•   Gangland crime included murder, swindles, racketeering
•   It took 13 days to reach California from New York There were
    387,000 miles of paved road.
Warren G. Harding, Rep.
       • Harding died while in office,
         perhaps due to the scandals
         that dogged his presidency.
         Chief scandal was the Teapot
         Dome oil leasing by his Sec.
         Of the Interior, Albert Fall.
         His V.P., “Silent” Calvin
         Coolidge became our next
Teapot Dome Scandal
          • Sec. Of the Interior,
            Albert Fall, leased the
            Naval oil reserves
            competitive bidding.
          • He became the first
            presidential cabinet
            member to go to jail.
Gertrude Ederle
        • First woman to swim
          the English Channel
          (20 miles). Broke the
          men’s record by over
          2 hours; this record
          stood for 35 years!
Calvin Coolidge - 30th Pres.
     Republican Party
              • Kellogg-Briand Treaty
                was one of his
                accomplishments. The
                Kellogg-Briand Treaty
                would supposedly
                outlaw war. Ironically
                Adolph Hitler was
                beginning his climb to
                power in Germany.
Gertrude Stein
     • Woman writer who coined
       the phrase “The Lost
       Generation” to describe
       the Americans who
       moved to Europe (mostly
       France) in despair over
       conditions in America.
       These Americans are
       known as “ex-patriots”
Henry Ford
     • His Model T was also
       known as a Tin Lizzie
       or a flivver. He
       changed America
       forever, thanks to his
       electric assembly line
       to mass produce cars.
The Model T
         • Could go just
           about anywhere
           and for only
           around $300
A model T
            • But its not
    The changes made by the car:
•   Highway system was built for cars
•   Motels were created for car travelers
•   Fast food restaurants were developed
•   Jobs created:
    –   service/gas stations - rubber industry (tires)
    –   tourism flourished - need for motels, food
    –   parking garages
    –   buses and taxi cabs
Charles “Lucky” Lindbergh
• Charles “Lucky” Lindberg flew from the
  U.S. to France, alone, for a $25,000 prize.
• He was one of the greatest heroes of the
• He plane was named THE SPIRIT OF ST.
Amelia Earhart
  • Our first woman to fly solo
    across the Atlantic.
  • Amelia is another symbol of
    women’s rights…sometimes she
    was referred to as “Lady
• President Herbert
  Hoover and
  Amelia Earhart,
  famous aviatrix
  (female pilot)
• Marcus Garvey began
  the “back to Africa”
  movement. Although
  the movement failed,
  he provided African
  Americans a new
  sense of pride
          Harlem Renaissance
• Langston Hughes was
  a great African
  American writer and
  poet. He was religious
  and had a deep respect
  for women. He loved
  Harlem and lived there
  until he died in 1967.
     Dream Deferred by Langston Hughes

– What happens to a dream deferred?
  Does it dry up
  Like a raisin in the sun?
  Or fester like a sore--
  And then run?
  Does it stink like rotten meat?
  Or crust and sugar over--
  like a syrupy sweet?
  Maybe it just sags
  like a heavy load.
  Or does it explode?
Countee Cullen
               Incident by Countee Cullen

– Once riding in old Baltimore,
  Heart-filled, head-filled with glee,
  I saw a Baltimorean
  Keep looking straight at me.
– Now I was eight and very small,
  And he was no whit bigger,
  And so I smiled, but he poked out
  His tongue, and called me, "Nigger."
– I saw the whole of Baltimore
  From May until December;
  Of all the things that happened there
  That's all that I remember.
Bessie Smith, blues singer
              Duke Ellington
• One of the all time
  great Jazz musicians
  and composers.
Texas Guinan - speakeasy owner
 All Wet - Describes an erroneous idea or individual, as in,
  "he's all wet."
 Applesauce - an expletive (curse); same as horse-feathers,
  As in "Ah applesauce!"
 Bee's Knees - An extraordinary person, thing, idea; the
 Berries - That which is attractive or pleasing; similar to
  bee's knees, As in "It's the berries."
 Big Cheese - The most important or influential person;
  boss. Same as big shot.
 Blind Date - going out with someone you do not know
 Bluenose - An excessively puritanical person, a prude
 Bump Off - To murder, To kill.
 Cake-Eater - An effete (sissy) ladies' man, or someone
  who attends tea parties.
 Carry a Torch - To have a crush on someone.
 Cat's Pajamas - Same as cat's meow.
 Cheaters - Eyeglasses.
 Crush - An infatuation.
 Dogs - feet.
 Drugstore Cowboy - a guy that hangs around on a street corner
  trying to pick up girls
 Dumb Dora - a stupid female.
 Fall Guy - Victim of a frame.
 Flapper - A stylish, brash, hedonistic young woman with short
  skirts and shorter hair.
 Flat Tire - A dull witted, insipid, disappointing date. Same as
  pill, pickle, drag, rag, oilcan.
 Frame - To give false evidence, to set up someone.
 Gams - A woman's legs.
 Giggle Water - An intoxicating beverage; alcohol.
 Gin Mill - An establishment where hard liquor is sold; bar.
 Hard Boiled - a tough, strong guy.
 Heebie-Jeebies - The jitters.
 High-Hat - To snub.
 Hooch - Bootleg liquor
 Hoofer - Dancer.
 Hotsy-Totsy - Pleasing.
 Jake - OK, as in, "Everything is Jake."
 Jalopy - Old car.
 Joint - A club, usually selling alcohol.
 Keen - Attractive or appealing.
 Sheik - A man with sex appeal (from the Valentino movies).
 Kisser - Mouth.
 Line - Insincere flattery.
 Lounge Lizard - a guy that is sexually active.
 Moll - A gangster's girl.
 Neck - Kissing with passion.
 Ossified - a drunk person.
 Pet - Same as neck, but more so.
 Pinch - To arrest.
 Pushover - A person easily convinced or seduced.
 Ritzy - Elegant (from the hotel).
 Scram - Ask someone to leave immediately.
 Sheba - A woman with sex appeal (from the move Queen
  of Sheba) or (e.g. Clara Bow).
 Speakeasy - An illicit bar selling bootleg liquor.
 Spiffy - An elegant appearance.
 Struggle Buggy - the backseat of a car. A parent's worst
 Stuck On - Having a crush on.
 Swanky - Ritzy.
 Swell - Wonderful. Also: a rich man.
 Take for a Ride - To drive off with someone in order to
  bump them off.
 Torpedo - A hired gun.
 Upchuck - To vomit when one has drunk too much.
 Whoopee - To have a good time.
          Frank Lloyd Wright
• Famous architect who
  believed a home
  should fit in with its
  environment, using
  natural materials and
Chrysler Building-NYC
       William Jennings Bryan
• Ran for president 3
  times, Bryan
  prosecuted John
  Scopes in the Monkey
  Trial. He won, but the
  victory was considered
  hollow. He died a few
  days after the trial.
Clarence Darrow & Bryan
Suffragettes fighting for the vote
             Margaret Sanger
• Pioneered the first
  birth control program
  in the U.S. Was
  arrested for handing
  out “pornography”
The Flapper
        “Shoeless” Joe Jackson
• Baseball’s first
  major scandal-a
  fix on the world
  series -
• say it ain’t so,
              The Red Scare
• The Palmer raids -
  many Russian
  immigrants were
  arrested and sent back
  to the U.S.S.R., even
  tho’ they had done no
  wrong. We would
  have another Red
  Scare in the 1950s.
     Prohibition - Volstead Act
• The 18th amendment
  prohibited the sale and
  consumption of
  alcoholic beverages.
  This law helped to
  increase organized
  crime and the rise of
  the mobsters...
        Al “Scarface” Capone
• One of Chicago’s
  most notorious
  gangsters! He
  was responsible
  for the St.
  Valentine’s Day
  Massacre. He
  died of syphilis.
    Thompson Submachine gun

• Also
  known as
  the tommy
• gangster’s
St. Valentine’s day massacre
• Charlie Chaplin was
  one of the greatest
  film comedians. His
  character, “The little
  tramp” combined
  comedy with sadness.
         The first talking picture
• The Jazz Singer was
  the first talking motion
  picture. Although
  studio executives
  thought “talkies” were
  just a temporary fad,
  they were wrong!
           George Gershwin
• Gershwin made Jazz
  acceptable to white
  audiences. Some of
  his most famous
  works are “Porgy and
  Bess”, an American
  opera and “Rhapsody
  in Blue”
                 Babe Ruth
• One of the NY
  Yankees’ famous
  murderers of
  “murderers’ row” also
  known as the Sultan of
  Swat and the Big
Benjamin O. Davis
         • First African
           American to achieve
           the rank of General in
           the army (1940s).
           Taught military tactics
           at Tuskegee Institute.
         • His son became the 1st
           Af. Am. Air Force
Flapper fashions
Ku Klux Klan
            “Fatty” Arbuckle
• One of the great
  Hollywood scandals of
  the 20s. Arbuckle was
  a popular movie star
  who was accused of
  raping and murdering
  a young starlet. Found
  innocent, his career
  was still ruined.
Sacco and Vanzetti
   Found guilty!

Of being Italian anarchists
F. Scott Fitzgerald
          • Considered one of the
            great writers of the
            20s, Fitzgerald and his
            wife, Zelda, were
            famous for their
            boozing and partying.
            His greatest work may
            be THE GREAT
Harry Houdini – escape artist
The Oxford Bags
Marion Davies (Hearst’s sweetie)
Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. 1st Zorro
Mary Pickford, America’s Sweetheart
Clara Bow – “it” girl
Lon Chaney – “The Man of 1,000 Faces”
Rudolph Valentino – 30,000 women attended his
Greta Garbo – “I want to be alone”
                     Will Rogers - humorist
Live in such a way that you would not be ashamed to sell your parrot
  to the town gossip.
All I know is what I read in the papers.
A fool and his money are soon elected.

There's no trick to being a humorist when you have the whole
  government working for you.

Half our life is spent trying to find something to do with the time we
  have rushed through life trying to save.

Everything is funny as long as it is happening to somebody else.
  The income tax has made more liars out of the American people
  than golf has.
• We don't know what we want, but we are ready to
  bite somebody to get it.

• We can't all be heroes because somebody has to sit
  on the curb and clap as they go by.

• I don't make jokes. I just watch the government
  and report the facts.
I never met a man I didn't like
All I know is what I read in the papers
Presidents become great, but they have to be
   made Presidents first
Ammunition beats persuasion when you are
   looking for freedom
 I am a peace man. I haven't got any use for
   wars and there is no more humor in 'em than
   there is reason for 'em
Diplomacy is the art of saying “nice doggy”
   until you can pick up a rock.
No man is great if he thinks he is.

Everybody is ignorant. Only on different

If stupidity got us in to this mess, how come it
   can't get us out?

Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run
 over if you just sit there.

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