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Haley Barbour

Haley Barbour
Haley Barbour Residence Alma mater Profession Religion Yazoo City, Mississippi University of Mississippi Lawyer Presbyterian

Haley Reeves Barbour (born October 22, 1947 in Yazoo City, Mississippi) is an American politician currently serving as the Governor of Mississippi. He gained a national spotlight in August 2005 after Mississippi was hit by Hurricane Katrina. Barbour won re-election as Governor in 2007.[1] Under Mississippi’s term limits, Barbour cannot run again for Governor in 2011 when his term ends. Prior to being elected Governor, Barbour worked as a lawyer and lobbyist, and also served as Chairman of the Republican National Committee from 1993 to 1997, during which the Republicans captured both the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives for the first time since 1954.

63rd Governor of Mississippi Incumbent Assumed office January 13, 2004 Lieutenant Preceded by Amy Tuck (2004–2008) Phil Bryant (2008–present) Ronnie Musgrove

Early years
Barbour, the youngest of three sons, was born in Yazoo City, Mississippi, where he was raised, to Jeptha Fowlkes Barbour, Jr. His father, a lawyer, died when Barbour was two years old. He attended the University of Mississippi in Oxford, where he was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, but skipped the first semester of his senior year to work on Richard Nixon’s 1968 election campaign. He never earned a bachelor’s degree. At the age of twenty-two, he ran the 1970 census for the state of Mississippi. He enrolled at the University of Mississippi Law School, receiving a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree in 1972. Subsequently he joined his father’s law firm in Yazoo City.[2]

56th Chairman of the Republican National Committee In office 1993–1997 Preceded by Succeeded by Born Richard Bond Jim Nicholson October 22, 1947 (1947-10-22) Yazoo City, Mississippi Republican Marsha Barbour

1982 campaign
In 1982, Barbour was the Republican candidate for United States Senate but lost to incumbent Democrat John C. Stennis.[3]

Political party Spouse


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During this failed bid for Senator a controversy arose at a campaigning stump. According to The New York Times, in the presence of the press an aide was complaining to Barbour that "coons" were going to be at a campaign stop at the state fair. Barbour warned the aide, in front of reporters, that if the aide persisted in racist remarks, he would be "reincarnated as a watermelon and placed at the mercy of blacks."[4]

Haley Barbour
racial integration by the American Civil Rights movement. The Blackhawk rally was hosted by the Council of Conservative Citizens (CCC or CofCC). The key element of Citizens’ Councils has traditionally been opposition to racial integration in public schools. A photograph of Barbour with CCC members appeared on the CCC webpage, and some commentators and pundits demanded that Barbour ask for his picture to be removed from the site, but Barbour refused. [6] Barbour stated that "Once you start down the slippery slope of saying,’That person can’t be for me,’ then where do you stop?... I don’t care who has my picture. My picture’s in the public domain." Barbour’s Democratic opponent, Governor Musgrove, declined to be critical, stating that he had also attended Blackhawk rallies in the past, and would have done so that year except for a scheduling conflict.[11] Barbour defeated incumbent Democrat Ronnie Musgrove in the general election on November 4, 2003, with 53 percent of the vote to Musgrove’s 46 percent. Barbour became just the second Republican governor elected in Mississippi since Reconstruction, the first being Kirk Fordice.[12]

Lobbying career
In 1991, Barbour helped found Barbour & Rogers, LLC[5], a Washington, D.C.-based lobbying firm, with Ed Rogers, a lawyer who formerly worked in the George H. W. Bush administration. In 1994, Lanny Griffith (also a former Bush Administration appointee) joined the firm to form Barbour, Griffith & Rogers, LLC. In 1998, Fortune magazine named Barbour Griffith & Rogers the secondmost-powerful lobbying firm in America.[6] In 2001, after the inauguration of George W. Bush, Fortune named it the most powerful.[7] The firm has made millions of dollars lobbying on behalf of the tobacco industry.[8]

RNC Chairman
In 1993, Barbour became chairman of the Republican National Committee. In 1994, during his tenure as RNC chair, Republicans captured both houses of the United States Congress, taking the House of Representatives for the first time in forty years.[9][10] In 1997, Barbour ceased being chairman of the RNC.

2007 re-election
See also: Mississippi gubernatorial election, 2007 Barbour announced on February 8, 2007 that he would seek a second term as Governor of Mississippi. He announced the beginning of his re-election campaign at a series of meetings across the state on February 12, 2007. During his campaign, Barbour signed the Americans for Tax Reform "Taxpayer Protection Pledge" and vowed not to institute any new taxes or raise any existing ones.[13] He defeated Frederick Jones in the Republican primary on August 7 and Democrat John Arthur Eaves, Jr. in the November general election. Governor Barbour received four notable Democratic endorsements, including Xavier Bishop, Mike Espy, Brad Dye, and Bill Waller.[14] Bill Waller and Brad Dye are conservative Democrats who served as Governor and Lt. Governor of Mississippi. Xavier Bishop is a long-time Democratic activist and the Democratic Mayor of Moss Point. Mike Espy is a former Democratic Congressman from

2003 campaign
After two decades in Washington, D.C., Barbour announced in 2003 his intention to run for governor of Mississippi. On August 5, 2003, he won the Republican gubernatorial primary over Canton trial attorney Mitch Tyner. Barbour’s campaign manager was his nephew Henry Barbour. During the campaign a controversy arose when Barbour chose to speak at the Blackhawk Rally, a fundraiser for the Blackhawk "council school" in Blackhawk, Mississippi. Such "council schools", also referred to in Mississippi lexicon as "academies", were established by the White Citizens’ Council movement in reaction to the demands for


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the 2nd District of Mississippi and served as Secretary of Agriculture under President Bill Clinton. He noted Governor Barbour’s competency and character as reasons for his endorsement.[15]

Haley Barbour
group to have no public accountability of its expenditures of state funds. In 2006, Judge Jaye Bradley, the same judge that awarded Moore the annual $20 million in 2000, vacated her previous decision. Bradley claimed she did not decide against The Partnership because of its inability to perform but because she believes that the state legislature is the only body that can legally decide how state funds can be delegated. Following the decision, Barbour stated that it says a lot about Judge Bradley “…that she is a strong enough person to have the gumption to vacate her own order. The only way for the state to spend state funding is for the Legislature to appropriate it through the legislative process."[19]? After an appeal by Moore, Barbour went on to win a Mississippi Supreme Court battle that prevented the tobacco settlement moneys from funding the program, maintaining that is unconstitutional for a judge to award state proceeds to a private organization. Barbour’s lawyer stated The Partnership was "the most blatant diversion of public funds to a private corporation in the history of the state of Mississippi" as The Partnership refuses to allow a state audit of its expenditures of the state’s money.[20]


Haley Barbour with Condoleezza Rice and other Governors Barbour took office in January 2004.

Barbour vs. The Partnership
Barbour’s taxation policies have not been without contention. In March 2006 Barbour vetoed a bill that would lower grocery taxes, while simultaneously raising tobacco taxes.[16] Mississippians pay some of the highest grocery taxes in the nation.[17] The "Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids" insinuated that Barbour’s lobbying-era affinity with the tobacco industry may also explain his 2006 proposal to dismantle Mississippi’s controversial youth-tobacco-prevention program, called The Partnership for a Healthy Mississippi.[18] The Partnership is a private, non-profit group which receives $20 million annually and is led by former Attorney General Mike Moore. Moore created the organization when he, representing the State of Mississippi, settled a multi-billion dollar suit with the tobacco industry. According to the suit, the funds were to offset the extra costs incurred by Medicaid while dealing with smoking related illnesses. Opponents have consistently claimed that Moore uses the organization to further his political ambitions. The Partnership regularly offers up huge grants to political organizations such as the Legislative Black Caucus. Many point to even more facts such as The Partnership not allowing a public audit which in turn permits the

Hurricane Katrina response
See also: Criticism of government response to Hurricane Katrina On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina slammed into Mississippi’s coast, killing 231 people,[21] devastating the state’s $2.7 billion-a-year casino industry and leaving tens of thousands homeless.[22] (see Effect of Hurricane Katrina on Mississippi). Barbour’s response was characterized by a concerted effort at evacuation, tough-minded talk on looters and an unwillingness to blame the federal government.[23] His response was compared, favorably, to that of Rudy Giuliani in the wake of the September 11 attacks.[24][25] Barbour credited the countless government workers who helped southern Mississippi cope with the hurricane. But Barbour was praised by the coast’s citizens as a strong leader who can communicate calmly to the public, and provide “a central decisionmaking point for when things get balled up or go sideways, which they do,” as Barbour says.[26]


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While the reconstruction process doesn’t dictate how localities should rebuild, Barbour has touted New Urbanist principles in constructing more compact communities. “They have the chance to build some things very differently,” he says. “The goal is to build the coast back like it can be, rather than simply like it was.”[26] The evacuation order was issued by local officials more than 24 hours before the hurricane hit, and Mississippi activated 750 National Guard troops as of August 29, the day of the hurricane.[27][28][29]

Haley Barbour
during his gubernatorial campaign without mentioning this subject and was able to convert political support into law, overcoming the resistance of House Democratic leaders, who argued that further legislation would disenfranchise people with legitimate complaints against corporations.[40][41] Barbour then embarked on a "tort tour" to encourage other states to follow Mississippi’s lead. "We’ve gone from being labeled as a judicial hellhole and the center of jackpot justice to a state that now has model legislation," says Charlie Ross (R), the chair of the state Senate Judiciary Committee.[42] Under Barbour’s leadership, Mississippi has enacted some of the most restrictive anti-abortion laws in the US, including a complete ban (with exceptions only in cases where the woman’s life is threatened or she has been raped) in the event that the Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade.[43]

Other actions in office
Barbour has been praised for translating his lobbying skills into success at winning over a legislature dominated by Democrats. He has called several special legislative sessions to force an issue.[30][31] When Barbour took office, the state of Mississippi had run a $709 million budget deficit for the 2004 fiscal year. With bipartisan support, and without raising taxes, Barbour implemented a plan called Operation: Streamline to cut the budget deficit in half.[32] He accomplished this largely by reducing spending on social services, most notably Medicaid; the 2005 budget drastically reduced coverage for 65,000 individuals classified as Poverty-Level Aged and Disabled (PLAD), most of whom qualified for the federal Medicare program, and also significantly limited prescription drug coverage. In 2005, the state was budgeted to spend a total of $130 million less on Medicaid than in the previous year.[33][34] This trend continued in the state budget for the 2006 fiscal year. After a long special session, the legislature approved a budget that featured more social service cuts but also increased educational spending.[35] With tax revenues higher than expected during the 2006 fiscal year, due in large part to increased sales tax revenues in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, the state achieved its first balanced budget in years.[36] In the 2008 fiscal year budget, for the first time since its enactment in 1997, the state has fully funded the Mississippi Adequate Education Program.[37][38] Building on a 2002 tort reform bill passed by his predecessor,[39] Barbour also introduced a new tort reform measure that has been described as one of the strictest in the nation.[26] Barbour rarely made a speech

Recent activities
In April 2009 Barbour joined a conservative policy group to discuss Republican policies in town hall meetings. The group also includes former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, former Florida Governor Jeb Bush, Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal, and Senator John McCain.[44]

Barbour has been accused of personally profiting from Hurricane Katrina recovery.[45] Barbour is an owner of the parent company of lobbying firm Barbour Griffith & Rogers Inc., and he receives a pension and profit-sharing plan benefits from it.[45] The lobbying firm has lobbied the state to give recovery contracts to its clients.[45] Some of the proceeds of the firm’s lobbying activities are deposited into Barbour’s investment account.[45] According to Barbour’s attorney, a blind trust executed in 2004 prevents Barbour knowing the composition of his investments in order to eliminate any conflicts of interest.[45] Barbour has also received criticism for his refusal to approve a bill to increase the cigarette tax and decrease the grocery tax passed the state House of Representatives. Mississippi currently has the third-lowest cigarette tax and the highest grocery tax—while being the poorest state in the country. Barbour


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stated that the lack of revenue generated after the tax swap would quite possibly result in bankrupting the state government which was already fragile due to the devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina. The House of Representatives could produce no figures to dispute this assertion. Also, in his successful 2004 campaign, Barbour ran on the platform that he would veto any tax increase.[46] The criticism was compounded by the fact that he broke his anti-tax pledge by advocating higher hospital bed taxes.[47] Fred Thompson’s campaign finance investigation found that Barbour, as RNC chair, was involved in illegally raising money from overseas sources.[48] In September 2008, Democrats accused Barbour of trying to influence the outcome of the 2008 Senate race by placing the candidates at the bottom of the ballot. Since Mississippi electoral law mandates the placing of federal elections at the top of the ballot, Barbour was ordered by a circuit court to comply with the ballot laws.[49]

Haley Barbour


[2] [3]


[5] [6] [7]

[8] [9] fullpage.html?res=9A06E0DE163AF936A15754C0A9 Reference/Times%20Topics/People/B/ Barbour,%20Haley. Retrieved on 2007-11-01. [10] Wayne, Leslie (1997-07-27). "Democrats Get to Scrutinize G.O.P. Asian Connection". New York Times. fullpage.html?res=9E0CE2D7123BF931A15754C0A9 Reference/Times%20Topics/People/B/ Barbour,%20Haley. Retrieved on 2007-11-01. [11] Barbour won’t ask CCC to take photo off Web site [12] List of Mississippi Governors: Definition and Links by [13] ’No Tax’ Pledge Signers Win in Mississippi and Kentucky - by John Skorburg - The Heartland Institute [14] MS-Gov: Haley Barbour Wins Endorsement of Prominent Dems | Redstate [15] "Text of Haley Barbour’s Endorsement Ceremony". Y’All Politics. Jackson New Media. 2007-10-17. "Haley Barbour". The Washington Times. 5277/. Retrieved on 2008-03-28. November 7, 2007. [16] Legislature should override pro-tobacco Barbour elections/candidate/19/. Retrieved on [17] Clarion Ledger article: Grocery, 2009-03-14. cigarette tax shift passes USA Today Campaign 2004 Mississippi [18] Gov. Barbour’s Proposal Would Destroy Governor Retrieved May 10, 2007 One of Nation’s Best Tobacco Prevention Ladd, Donna; Jesse Yancy (2003-10-29). Programs, Help Big Tobacco At the "Haley’s Choice: Native Son Comes Expense of Mississippi’s Kids Home". Jackson Free Press. [19] No Moore Partnership??June 8, 2006 [20] Tobacco Wars comments.php?id=1885_0_9_0_C. [21] "Four Bodies Found Since Dec. 21; Retrieved on 2008-03-28. Katrina Death Toll Now 1,326". Raines, Howell (1982-10-20). "Age Issue Is Focus of Mississippi Race". New York 01/four_bodies_fou.html. Retrieved on Times. 2008-03-28. restricted/ [22] Governor: Worse than Camille article?res=F30A12FC3E5F0C738EDDA90994DA484D81. [23] Science Daily article on Barbour’s Retrieved on 2007-07-16. reaction to Hurricane Katrina Barbour, Griffith & Rodgers website [24] article on Katrina reaction Time-Warner article on Barbour, Griffith [25] article on Katrina & Rogers reaction Fortune magazine naming Barbour, [26] ^ "Steady in a Storm: Reassuring and Griffith & Rogers most powerful lobbying rebuilding Mississippi after Katrina". firm in America Public Officials of the Year 2006. Big Tobacco’s 1997 Congressional Congressional Quarterly. November Lobbying 2006. Wayne, Leslie (1997-07-25). "No Dice, 2006/barbour.htm. Retrieved on Haley". New York Times. 2008-03-28.


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Haley Barbour

[27] report on National Guard activation 2007/EOSReports.html. Retrieved on [28] report 2007-07-16. [29] Washington Post article on National [39] Sawyer, Patrice (2002-12-04). "Gov. Guard reaction signs business tort reform bill". The [30] Mississippi House of Representatives Clarion-Ledger. Information Office. Highlights of 2004 Legislative Session. Press release. 04/m02.html. Retrieved on 2007-07-16. [40] Ladd, Donna; Stauffer, Todd HiLites04.html. Retrieved on (2004-07-25). "Face-Off: The Battle for 2007-07-16. ’Tort Reform’". Jackson Free Press. [31] Mississippi House of Representatives Information Office. Highlights of 2005 comments.php?id=3059_0_9_0_C. Legislative Session. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-07-16. [41] Ladd, Donna (2004-07-25). "Tort Reform: HiLites05.html. Retrieved on Myths and Realities". Jackson Free 2007-07-16. Press. [32] Kanengiser, Andy (2004-01-29). "Gov. comments.php?id=3061_0_9_0_C. calls for cost-cutting". The ClarionRetrieved on 2007-07-16. Ledger. [42] Steady in a Storm: Reassuring and news/0401/29/ma01.html. Retrieved on rebuilding Mississippi after Katrina 2007-07-16. [43] Associated Press (2007-03-22). "MS: [33] Berry, Pamela (2004-03-04). "Medicaid Criminalize Abortion If R v. W bill goes to Senate". The Clarion-Ledger. Overturned". CBN News. 0403/04/m01.html. Retrieved on 124692.aspx. Retrieved on 2007-07-16. 2007-07-16. [44] Associated Press (2009-04-30). "GOP [34] Dewan, Shaila (2005-07-02). "In launches policy group outside RNC". AP. Mississippi, Soaring Costs Force Deep Medicaid Cuts". New York Times. article/ ALeqM5jzAtzeY9mKONCgUxpniciP8qM1OgD97SEOD national/02medicaid.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2009-05-01. 2007-07-16. [45] ^ "Mississippi Governor Barbour Held [35] Pender, Geoff (2005-05-31). "Mississippi Stock in Parent of Lobby Firm". lawmakers pass $4.6 million (sic) state Bloomberg L.P.. 2008-08-29. budget". The Sun Herald (Biloxi, Mississippi). news?pid=washingtonstory&sid=a3O8w8_QJ6KU. [46] Nossiter, Adam (2007-03-07), "Powerful summary_0286-8087765_ITM. Retrieved Governor Stands His Ground, Again, on on 2007-07-16. Food Tax", The New York Times, [36] Mississippi House of Representatives Information Office. Highlights of 2006 07groceries.html Legislative Session. Press release. [47] "Who pays for Medicaid? Is proposed ’hospital tax’ necessary?". HiLites06.html. Retrieved on 2007-07-16. pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080210/ [37] "A Win for Mississippi". Rural School and OPINION/802100331/1046. Retrieved on Community Trust. 2005-05-01. 2008-02-26. [48] "FOREIGN INFLUENCE". c.beJMIZOCIrH/b.2768169/apps/nl/ content.asp?content_id=%7BE45956A0-EA9B-4C0A3chap.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-02-26. BEB7-D249F3037DA3%7D&notoc=1. [49] Decio, Maria (2008-09-14). "Senate race Retrieved on 2007-07-16. one of the closest in U.S". The Sun [38] Mississippi Department of Education. Herald. End of the 2007 Regular Legislative story/813409.html. Retrieved on Session Reports. Press release. 2008-09-14.


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Political offices Preceded by Ronnie Musgrove Party political offices Preceded by none Republican nominee for United States Senator from Mississippi (Class 1) 1982 Chairman of the Republican National Committee 1993–1997 Republican nominee for Governor of Mississippi 2003, 2007 United States order of precedence In Mississippi Governor of Mississippi January 13, 2004 -

Haley Barbour

Succeeded by Incumbent Succeeded by Trent Lott

Preceded by Richard Bond Preceded by Mike Parker

Succeeded by Jim Nicholson Succeeded by most recent

Order of precedence in the United States of America Preceded by Joe Biden
Vice President of the United States

Succeeded by Mayors of Mississippi cities (if present) followed by Nancy Pelosi
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

Jill Biden
Second Lady of the United States (if present)

Preceded by Mitch Daniels
Governor of Indiana

United States order of precedence Outside Mississippi

Succeeded by Pat Quinn
Governor of Illinois

External links
• Mississippi Office of the Governor Haley Barbour official state site • Haley Barbour for Governor official campaign site • Biography at the National Governors Association • Campaign contributions at Follow the Money • Biography, interest group ratings, public statements, vetoes and campaign finances at Project Vote Smart • Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues • Collected news and commentary at The New York Times • Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post • Profile from SourceWatch Congresspedia Articles • Barbour showed early talent for politics AP, November 5, 2003 • Campaign 2004 - Haley Barbour USA Today

Persondata NAME ALTERNATIVE NAMES SHORT DESCRIPTION DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH Barbour, Haley Barbour, Haley Reeves Governor of Mississippi October 22, 1947 Yazoo City, Mississippi

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Haley Barbour

Categories: Republican National Committee chairmen, Governors of Mississippi, Mississippi lawyers, Bush Pioneers, American Presbyterians, American lobbyists, American lawyers, FEMA critics, People from Yazoo City, Mississippi, Mississippi Republicans, University of Mississippi alumni, 1947 births, Living people, Delegates to the Republican National Convention, People associated with Hurricane Katrina, People from Yazoo County, Mississippi This page was last modified on 11 May 2009, at 04:19 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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