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Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu
The Most Reverend Desmond Tutu Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town

compiled several books of his speeches and sayings.

Early years
Desmond Mpilo Tutu was born in Klerksdorp, Transvaal on 7 October 1931, the second of the three children of Zacheriah Zililo Tutu and his wife, Aletta, although the only son.[2] Tutu’s family moved to Johannesburg when he was 12 years old where his father was a teacher and his mother a cleaner and cook at a school for the blind.[3] Here he met Trevor Huddleston who was a parish priest in the black slum of Sophiatown. "One day", said Tutu, "I was standing in the street with my mother when a white man in a priest’s clothing walked past. As he passed us he took off his hat to my mother. I couldn’t believe my eyes -- a white man who greeted a black working class woman!"[3] Although Tutu wanted to become a physician, his family could not afford the training, and he followed his father’s footsteps into teaching. Tutu studied at the Pretoria Bantu Normal College from 1951 to 1953, and went on to teach at Johannesburg Bantu High School and at Munsienville High School in Mogale City. However, he resigned following the passage of the Bantu Education Act, in protest of the poor educational prospects for black South Africans. He continued his studies, this time in theology, at St Peter’s Theology College in Rosettenville and in 1960 was ordained as an Anglican priest following in the footsteps of his mentor and fellow activist, Trevor Huddleston. Tutu then travelled to King’s College London, (1962–1966), where he received his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Theology. During this time he worked as a part-time curate, first at St Albans Cathedral and then at St. Mary’s Church in Bletchingley, Surrey. He later returned to South Africa and from 1967 until 1972 used his lectures to highlight the circumstances of the African population. He wrote a letter to Prime Minister B. J. Vorster, in which he described the situation in South Africa as a "powder barrel that can explode at any time": the letter was never

Province See Enthroned Ended Predecessor Successor Ordination Other

Anglican Church of Southern Africa Cape Town (retired) 1986 1996 Philip Welsford Richmond Russell Njongonkulu Ndungane 1960 as Priest Bishop of Lesotho Bishop of Johannesburg Archbishop of Cape Town 7 October 1931 (1931-10-07) Klerksdorp, Transvaal, South Africa

Born

Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African cleric and activist who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid. In 1984, Tutu became the second South African to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Tutu was the first black South African Anglican Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa, and primate of the Church of the Province of Southern Africa (now the Anglican Church of Southern Africa). Tutu chaired the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and is currently the chairman of The Elders. Tutu is vocal in his defence of human rights and uses his high profile to campaign for the oppressed. Tutu also campaigns to fight AIDS, homophobia, poverty and racism. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, the Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitarianism, and the Gandhi Peace Prize in 2005.[1] Tutu has also

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answered. He became chaplain at the University of Fort Hare in 1967, a hotbed of dissent and one of the few quality universities for African students in the southern part of Africa. From 1970 to 1972, Tutu lectured at the National University of Lesotho. Tutu faced a difficult balancing act: voicing black discontent while leading a largely white parish. He alternated charm with challenges as he appealed to his parish’s Afrikaner heritage, recalling that their forebears had endured British concentration camps. Somewhat to the bewilderment of other black leaders, he patiently courted Vorster’s successor, P. W. Botha, explaining that even Moses continued to reason with Pharaoh. But white liberals grew nervous when Tutu called for a boycott of South African products.[4] In 1972 Tutu returned to the UK, where he was appointed vice-director of the Theological Education Fund of the World Council of Churches, at Bromley in Kent. He returned to South Africa in 1975 and was appointed Anglican Dean of St. Mary’s Cathedral in Johannesburg -— the first African person to hold that position.

Desmond Tutu
Town where he had begun serving his threeand-a-half year prison sentence after a court in East London refused to grant him bail.[7] His daughter, Naomi Tutu, founded the Tutu Foundation for Development and Relief in Southern Africa, based in Hartford, Connecticut. She has followed in her father’s footsteps as a human rights activist and is currently a program coordinator for the Race Relations Institute at Fisk University, in Nashville, Tennessee.[8] His other daughter, Mpho Tutu, has also followed her father’s footsteps and in 2004 was ordained an Episcopal priest by her father.[9] She is also the founder and executive director of the Tutu Institute for Prayer and Pilgrimage and the chairperson of the board of the Global AIDS Alliance.[10] In 1997, Tutu was diagnosed with prostate cancer and underwent successful treatment in the US. He subsequently became patron of the South African Prostate Cancer Foundation which was established in 2007.[11]

Personal life
On 2 July 1955, Tutu married Nomalizo Leah Shenxane, a teacher whom he had met while at college. They had four children: Trevor Thamsanqa Tutu, Theresa Thandeka Tutu, Naomi Nontombi Tutu and Mpho Andrea Tutu, all of whom attended the Waterford Kamhlaba School in Swaziland.[5] His son, Trevor Tutu, caused a bombscare at East London Airport in 1989 and was arrested. In 1991 he was convicted of contravening the Civil Aviation Act by falsely claiming there had been a bomb on board a South African Airways’ plane at East London Airport.[6] The bomb threat delayed the Johannesburg bound flight for more than three hours, costing South African Airways some R28000. At the time Trevor Tutu announced his intention to appeal against his sentence, but failed to arrive for the appeal hearings. He forfeited his bail of R15000.[6] He was due to begin serving his sentence in 1993, but failed to hand himself over to prison authorities. He was finally arrested in Johannesburg in August 1997. He applied for amnesty from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission which was granted in 1997. He was then released from Goodwood Prison in Cape

Tutu’s role during apartheid
Apartheid in South Africa
Events and Projects Sharpeville Massacre Soweto uprising · Treason Trial Rivonia Trial · Church Street bombing CODESA · St James Church massacre Organisations ANC · IFP · AWB · Black Sash · CCB Conservative Party · ECC · PP · RP PFP · HNP · MK · PAC · SACP · UDF Broederbond · National Party COSATU · SADF · SAP People P. W. Botha · Oupa Gqozo · D. F. Malan Nelson Mandela · Desmond Tutu F. W. de Klerk · Walter Sisulu Helen Suzman · Harry Schwarz Andries Treurnicht · H. F. Verwoerd Oliver Tambo · B. J. Vorster Kaiser Matanzima · Jimmy Kruger Steve Biko · Mahatma Gandhi Joe Slovo · Trevor Huddleston Places Bantustan · District Six · Robben Island Sophiatown · South-West Africa Soweto · Sun City · Vlakplaas

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Other aspects Afrikaner nationalism Apartheid laws · Freedom Charter Sullivan Principles · Kairos Document Disinvestment campaign South African Police

Desmond Tutu
and denounced terrorism and Communism. When a new constitution was proposed for South Africa in 1983 to defend against the anti-apartheid movement, Tutu helped form the National Forum Committee to fight the constitutional changes.[12] In 1985, Tutu was appointed the Bishop of Johannesburg before he became the first black person to lead the Anglican Church in South Africa when, on 7 September 1986, he became Archbishop of Cape Town on the retirement of former Archbishop Philip Welsford Richmond Russell. From 1987 to 1997 he was president of the All Africa Conference of Churches. In 1989 he was invited to Birmingham, England, United Kingdom as part of Citywide Christian Celebrations. Tutu and his wife visited many establishments including the Nelson Mandela School in Sparkbrook. Tutu was considered as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1990, however George Carey was chosen in his stead. Tutu has commented that he is "glad" that he was not chosen, as once installed in Lambeth Palace, he would have been homesick for South Africa, unhappy to be away from home during a critical time in the country’s history.[13] In 1990, Tutu and the ex-Vice Chancellor of the University of the Western Cape Professor Jakes Gerwel founded the Desmond Tutu Educational Trust. The Trust was established to fund developmental programmes in tertiary education and provides capacity building at 17 historically disadvantaged institutions. Tutu’s work as a mediator in order to prevent all-out racial war was evident at the funeral of South African Communist Party leader Chris Hani in 1993. Tutu spurred a crowd of 120,000 to repeat after him the chants, over and over: "We will be free!", "All of us!", "Black and white together!" and finished his speech saying: "We are the rainbow people of God! We are unstoppable! Nobody can stop us on our march to victory! No one, no guns, nothing! Nothing will stop us, for we are moving to freedom! We are moving to freedom and nobody can stop us! For God is on our side!"[14] In 1993, he was a patron of the Cape Town Olympic Bid Committee. In 1994 he was an appointed a patron of the World Campaign Against Military and Nuclear Collaboration

In 1976 protests in Soweto, also known as the Soweto Riots, against the government’s use of Afrikaans as a compulsory medium of instruction in black schools became a massive uprising against apartheid. From then on Tutu supported an economic boycott of his country. He vigorously opposed the "constructive engagement" policy of the Reagan administration in the United States, which advocated "friendly persuasion". Tutu rather supported disinvestment, although it hit the poor hardest, for if disinvestment threw blacks out of work, Tutu argued, at least they would be suffering "with a purpose".In 1985 the U.S and the U.K (Two primary investors into South Africa) stopped any investments. As a result, disinvestment did succeed, causing the value of the Rand to plunge down more than 35 percent, and pressuring the government toward reform. Tutu pressed the advantage and organised peaceful marches which brought 30 000 people onto the streets of Cape Town. That was the turning point: within months, Nelson Mandela was freed from prison, and apartheid was beginning to crumble.[4] Tutu was Bishop of Lesotho from 1976 until 1978, when he became Secretary-General of the South African Council of Churches. From this position, he was able to continue his work against apartheid with agreement from nearly all churches. Tutu consistently advocated reconciliation between all parties involved in apartheid through his writings and lectures at home and abroad. Tutu’s opposition to apartheid was vigorous and unequivocal, and he was outspoken both in South Africa and abroad. He often compared apartheid to Nazism and Communism, as a result the government twice revoked his passport, and he was jailed briefly in 1980 after a protest march. It was thought by many that Tutu’s increasing international reputation and his rigorous advocacy of nonviolence protected him from harsher penalties. Tutu was also harsh in his criticism of the violent tactics of some anti-apartheid groups such as the African National Congress

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with South Africa, Beacon Millennium and Action from Ireland. In 1995 he was appointed a Chaplain and Sub-Prelate of the Venerable Order of Saint John by Queen Elizabeth II,[15] and he became a patron of the American Harmony Child Foundation and the Hospice Association of Southern Africa.

Desmond Tutu
Since his retirement, Tutu has worked as a global activist on issues pertaining to democracy, freedom and human rights. In 2006, Tutu launched a global campaign, organised by Plan, to ensure that all children were registered at birth, as an unregistered child did not officially exist and was vulnerable to traffickers and during disasters.[17] Tutu is the Patron of the educational improvement charity, Link Community Development.

Tutu’s role since apartheid

Role in South Africa
Tutu is widely regarded as "South Africa’s moral conscience"[18] and has been described by former President of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, as "sometimes strident, often tender, never afraid and seldom without humour, Desmond Tutu’s voice will always be the voice of the voiceless".[16] Since his retirement, Tutu has worked to critique the new South African government. Tutu has been vocal in condemnation of corruption, the ineffectiveness of the ANC-led government to deal with poverty, and the recent outbreaks of xenophobic violence in townships across South Africa. After a decade of freedom for South Africa, Tutu was honoured with the invitation to deliver the annual Nelson Mandela Foundation Lecture. On 23 November 2004 Tutu was given the address entitled, "Look to the Rock from Which You Were Hewn." This lecture, critical of the ANC-controlled government, stirred a pot of controversy between Tutu and Thabo Mbeki, calling into question "the right to criticise."[19] He made a stinging attack against South Africa’s political elite, saying the country was "sitting on a powder keg"[20] because of its failure to alleviate poverty a decade after apartheid’s end. Tutu also said that attempts to boost black economic ownership were only benefiting an elite minority, while political "kowtowing" within the ruling ANC was hampering democracy. Tutu asked, "What is black empowerment when it seems to benefit not the vast majority but an elite that tends to be recycled?"[20] Tutu criticised politicians for debating whether to give the poor an income grant of $16 (£12) a month and said the idea should be seriously considered. Tutu has often spoken in support of the Basic Income Grant (BIG) which has so far been defeated in

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After the fall of apartheid, Tutu headed the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. He retired as Archbishop of Cape Town in 1996 and was succeeded by Njongonkulu Ndungane. At a thanksgiving for Tutu upon his retirement as Archbishop in 1996, Nelson Mandela said: His joy in our diversity and his spirit of forgiveness are as much part of his immeasurable contribution to our nation as his passion for justice and his solidarity with the poor.[16] Tutu is generally credited with coining the term Rainbow Nation as a metaphor for postapartheid South Africa after 1994 under African National Congress rule. The expression has since entered mainstream consciousness to describe South Africa’s ethnic diversity.

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parliament. After the first round of volleys were fired, South African Press Association journalist, Ben Maclennan reported Tutu’s response as: "Thank you Mr President for telling me what you think of me, that I am--a liar with scant regard for the truth, and a charlatan posing with his concern for the poor, the hungry, the oppressed and the voiceless."[21] Tutu warned of corruption shortly after the re-election of the African National Congress government of South Africa, saying that they "stopped the gravy train just long enough to get on themselves." [22] In August 2006 Tutu publicly urged Jacob Zuma, the South African politician who had been accused of sexual crimes and corruption, to drop out of the ANC’s presidential succession race. He said in a public lecture that he would not be able to hold his "head high" if Zuma became leader after being accused both of rape and corruption. In September 2006, Tutu repeated his opposition to Zuma’s candidacy as ANC leader due to Zuma’s "moral failings"."[23] The head of the Congress of South African Students condemned Tutu as a "loose cannon" and a "scandalous man" — a reaction which prompted an angry Mbeki to side with Tutu. Zuma’s personal advisor responded by accusing Tutu of having double standards and "selective amnesia" (as well as being old). Elias Khumalo claims Tutu "had found it so easy to accept the apology from the apartheid government that committed unspeakable atrocities against millions of South Africans", yet now "cannot find it in his heart to accept the apology from this humble man who has erred". Tutu and Zuma’s public criticism of each other are reflections of a turbulent time in South African politics.[24] Tutu has condemned the xenophobic violence which occurred throughout South Africa in May 2008. Tutu, who once intervened in the apartheid years to prevent a mob necklacing a man, said that when South Africans were fighting against apartheid they had been supported by people around the world and particularly in Africa. Although they were poor, other Africans welcomed South Africans as refugees, and allowed liberation movements to have bases in their territory even if it meant those countries were going to be attacked by the South African Defence force. Tutu called on South Africans to end

Desmond Tutu
the violence as thousands of refugees have sought refuge in shelters.[25]

Chairman of The Elders
On 18 July 2007 in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel, and Tutu convened The Elders, a group of world leaders to contribute their wisdom, leadership and integrity to tackle some of the world’s toughest problems. Mandela announced its formation in a speech on his 89th birthday. Tutu is serving as its Chair. Other founding members include Kofi Annan, Ela Bhatt, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Jimmy Carter, Li Zhaoxing, Mary Robinson, Muhammad Yunus and Aung San Suu Kyi, whose chair was left symbolically empty due to her confinement as a political prisoner in Burma. "This group can speak freely and boldly, working both publicly and behind the scenes on whatever actions need to be taken,” Mandela commented. “Together we will work to support courage where there is fear, foster agreement where there is conflict, and inspire hope where there is despair."[26] The Elders will be independently funded by a group of Founders, including Richard Branson, Peter Gabriel, Ray Chambers, Michael Chambers, Bridgeway Foundation, Pam Omidyar, Humanity United, Amy Robbins, Shashi Ruia, Dick Tarlow and the United Nations Foundation.

Role in the Third World
Tutu has focused on drawing awareness to issues such as poverty, AIDS and non-democratic governments in the Third World. In particular he has focused on issues in Zimbabwe and Palestine. Tutu also led The Elders’ first mission to travel to Sudan in SeptemberOctober 2007 to foster peace in the Darfur crisis. "Our hope is that we can keep Darfur in the spotlight and spur on governments to help keep peace in the region," said Tutu.[27] Tutu has also been vocal in his condemnation of Chinese crackdowns on Tibetan activists. Tutu spoke at a candle-lit vigil on the eve of the San Francisco relay. Tutu does not support a full boycott of the Olympic Games, but he has called on the heads of States worldwide to not attend the Opening Ceremonies of the 2008 Beijing Olympics.[28] "For God’s sake, for the sake of our children, for the sake of their

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Desmond Tutu
called Tutu an "angry, evil and embittered little bishop".[32] We Africans should hang our heads in shame. How can what is happening in Zimbabwe elicit hardly a word of concern let alone condemnation from us leaders of Africa? After the horrible things done to hapless people in Harare, has come the recent crackdown on members of the opposition ... what more has to happen before we who are leaders, religious and political, of our mother Africa are moved to cry out "Enough is enough?"[33] He has often stated that all leaders in Africa should condemn Zimbabwe: "What an awful blot on our copy book. Do we really care about human rights, do we care that people of flesh and blood, fellow Africans, are being treated like rubbish, almost worse than they were ever treated by rabid racists?"[18] After the Zimbabwean presidential elections in April 2008, Tutu expressed his hope that Mugabe would step down after it was initially reported that Mugabe had lost the elections. Tutu reiterated his support of the democratic process and hoped that Mugabe would adhere to the voice of the people: That is democracy. Democracy is, you change government when people decide. I mean when your time is over, your time is over. We hope the transition will be a peaceful one, relatively peaceful, and that Mr Mugabe will step down with dignity, gracefully.[34] Tutu called Mugabe "someone we were very proud of", as he "did a fantastic job, and it’s such a great shame, because he had a wonderful legacy. If he had stepped down ten or so years ago he would be held in very, very high regard. And I still want to say we must honour him for the things that he did do, and just say what a shame."[34] Tutu stated that he feared that riots would break out in Zimbabwe if the election results were ignored. He proposed that a peacekeeping force should be sent to the region to ensure stability.

Tutu and Brad Pitt on the cover of Vanity Fair children, for the sake of the beautiful people of Tibet - don’t go. Tell your counterparts in Beijing you wanted to come but looked at your schedule and realised you have something else to do."[29]

Zimbabwe
Tutu has been vocal in his criticism of human rights abuses in Zimbabwe as well as the South African government’s policy of quiet diplomacy towards Zimbabwe. In 2007 he said the "quiet diplomacy" pursued by the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) had "not worked at all" and he called on Britain and the West to pressure SADC, including South Africa, which was chairing talks between President Mugabe’s Zanu-PF party and the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, to set firm deadlines for action, with consequences if they were not met.[30] Tutu has often criticized Robert Mugabe in the past and he once described the autocratic leader as "a cartoon figure of an archetypical African dictator".[18] In 2008, he called for the international community to intervene in Zimbabwe - by force if necessary.[31] Mugabe, on the other hand, has

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Anything that would save the possibilities of bloodshed, of conflict, I am quite willing to support. The people of Zimbabwe have suffered enough, and we don’t...want any more possibilities of bloodshed. In a fraught situation such as we have had in Zimbabwe, anything that is helping towards a move, a transition, from the repression to the possibilities of democracy and freedom, oh, for goodness sake, please let us accept that.[34]

Desmond Tutu
over which they have no control". While the AJC was critical of some of Tutu’s views, it dismissed "insidious rumours" that he had made anti-Semitic statements.[42] The precise wording of Tutu’s statement has been reported differently in different sources. A subsequent Toronto Star article indicates that he described Zionism "as a policy that looks like it has many parallels with racism, the effect is the same.[43] In 2002, when delivering a public lecture in support of divestment, Tutu said "My heart aches. I say why are our memories so short. Have our Jewish sisters and brothers forgotten their humiliation? Have they forgotten the collective punishment, the home demolitions, in their own history so soon? Have they turned their backs on their profound and noble religious traditions? Have they forgotten that God cares deeply about the downtrodden?"[38] He argued that Israel could never live in security by oppressing another people, and continued, "People are scared in this country [the US], to say wrong is wrong because the Jewish lobby is powerful - very powerful. Well, so what? For goodness sake, this is God’s world! We live in a moral universe. The apartheid government was very powerful, but today it no longer exists. Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin, Pinochet, Milosevic, and Idi Amin were all powerful, but in the end they bit the dust."[38] The latter statement was criticized by some Jewish groups, including the Anti-Defamation League.[44][45] When he edited and reprinted parts of his speech in 2005, Tutu replaced the words "Jewish lobby" with "pro-Israel lobby".[46]

Solomon Islands
In 2009, Tutu assisted in the establishing of the Solomon Islands’ Truth and Reconciliation Commission, modelled after the South African body of the same name.[35] [36] He spoke at its official launch in Honiara on April 29, emphasising the need for forgiveness in order to build lasting peace.[37]

Israel
Tutu has spoken of the significant role Jews played in the anti-Apartheid struggle in South Africa, has voiced support for Israel’s security concerns, and has spoken against tactics of suicide bombing and incitement to hatred.[38]

Apartheid Reference
He is also an active and prominent proponent of the campaign for divestment from Israel[39], and has likened Israel’s treatment of Palestinians to the treatment of Black South Africans under apartheid.[38] Tutu drew this comparison on a Christmas visit to Jerusalem in 1989, when he said that he is a "black South African, and if I were to change the names, a description of what is happening in Gaza and the West Bank could describe events in South Africa." [40] He made similar comments in 2002, speaking of "the humiliation of the Palestinians at checkpoints and roadblocks, suffering like us when young white police officers prevented us from moving about".[41] In 1988, the American Jewish Committee noted that Tutu was strongly critical of Israel’s military and other connections with apartheid-era South Africa, and quoted him as saying that Zionism has "very many parallels with racism", on the grounds that it "excludes people on ethnic or other grounds

The Holocaust
Tutu preached a message of forgiveness during a 1989 trip to Israel’s Yad Vashem museum, saying "Our Lord would say that in the end the positive thing that can come is the spirit of forgiving, not forgetting, but the spirit of saying: God, this happened to us. We pray for those who made it happen, help us to forgive them and help us so that we in our turn will not make others suffer."[47] Some found this statement offensive, with Rabbi Marvin Hier of the Simon Wiesenthal Center calling it "a gratuitous insult to Jews and victims of Nazism everywhere."[48] Tutu was subjected to racial slurs during this visit to Israel, with vandals writing "Black Nazi pig" on the walls of the St. George’s Cathedral in East Jerusalem, where he was staying.[47]

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Desmond Tutu
Durban Conference because of Tutu’s criticism’s of Israel’s policy and Occupation.[3]

Palestinian Christians
In 2003, Tutu accepted the role as patron of Sabeel International,[49] a Christian liberation theology organization which supports the concerns of the Palestinian Christian community and has actively lobbied the International Christian community for divestment from Israel.[50] In the same year, Archbishop Tutu received an International Advocate for Peace Award from the Cardozo School of Law, an affiliate of Yeshiva University, sparking scattered student protests and condemnations from representatives of the Simon Wiesenthal Center and Anti-Defamation League.[51] A 2006 opinion piece in the Jerusalem Post newspaper described him as "a friend, albeit a misguided one, of Israel and the Jewish people".[52] The Zionist Organization of America has led a campaign to protest Tutu’s appearances at North American campuses.

United Nations role

Gaza
Tutu was appointed as the UN Lead for an investigation into Israel’s 2006 bombing of Beit Hanoun bombings [1]. Israel refused Tutu’s delegation access so the investigation didn’t occur until 2008. During that fact-finding mission, Tutu called the gaza blockade an abomination [2]and compared Israel’s behavior to the military junta in Burma.

Portrait of Tutu, 30" x 40" oil on canvas by Dick Zimmerman In 2003, he was elected to the Board of Directors of the International Criminal Court’s Trust Fund for Victims.[57] He was named a member of the UN advisory panel on genocide prevention in 2006.[58] However, Tutu has also criticised the UN, particularly on the issue of West Papua. Tutu expressed support for the West Papuan independence movement, criticizing the United Nations’ role in the takeover of West Papua by Indonesia. Tutu said: "For many years the people of South Africa suffered under the yoke of oppression and apartheid. Many people continue to suffer brutal oppression, where their fundamental dignity as human beings is denied. One such people is the people of West Papua."[59] Tutu was named to head a United Nations fact-finding mission to the Gaza Strip town of Beit Hanoun, where, in a November 2006 incident the Israel Defense Forces killed 19 civilians after troops wound up a week-long incursion aimed at curbing Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel from the town.[60] Tutu planned to travel to the Palestinian territory

US Protests against Tutu
In 2007, the president of the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota cancelled a planned speech from Tutu, on the grounds that his presence might offend some members of the local Jewish community.[53] Many faculty members opposed this decision, and with some describing Tutu as the victim of a smear campaign. The group Jewish Voice for Peace led an email campaign calling on St. Thomas to reconsider its decision[54], which the president did and invited Tutu to campus.[55] Tutu declined the re-invitation, speaking instead at the Minneapolis Convention Center at an event hosted by Metro State University.[56]

Dershowitz Comment
In April, 2009, Alan Dershowitz referred to Tutu as a "racist and a bigot," during the

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to "assess the situation of victims, address the needs of survivors and make recommendations on ways and means to protect Palestinian civilians against further Israeli assaults," according to the president of the UN Human Rights Council, Luis Alfonso De Alba.[61] Israeli officials expressed concern that the report would be biased against Israel. Tutu cancelled the trip in mid-December, saying that Israel had refused to grant him the necessary travel clearance after more than a week of discussions.[62] However, Tutu and British academic Christine Chinkin are now due to visit the Gaza Strip via Egypt and will file a report at the September 2008 session of the Human Rights Council.[63]

Desmond Tutu

Against unilateralism
In January 2003, Tutu attacked British Prime Minister Tony Blair’s stance in supporting American President George W. Bush over Iraq. The alliance of Britain and the United States of America led to the outbreak of the Iraq War later that year. Tutu asked why Iraq was being singled out when Europe, India and Pakistan also had weapons of mass destruction. Tutu demanded: "When does compassion, when does morality, when does caring come in? I just hope that one day that people will realise that peace is a far better path to follow. Many, many of us are deeply saddened to see a great country such as the United States aided and abetted extraordinarily by Britain. I have a great deal of time for your prime minister but I’m shocked to see a powerful country use its power frequently, unilaterally. The United States says you do this to the world, if you don’t do it we will do it - that’s sad."[66] In October 2004, Tutu appeared in a play at Off Broadway, New York called Guantanamo - Honor-bound to Defend Freedom. This play was highly critical of the US handling of detainees at Guantanamo Bay. Tutu played Lord Justice Steyn, a judge who questions the legal justification of the detention regime.[67] In January 2005, Tutu added his voice to the growing dissent over terrorist suspects held at Camp X-Ray in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, referring to detentions without trial as "utterly unacceptable." Tutu compared these detentions to those under Apartheid. Tutu also emphasised that when South Africa had used those methods the country had been condemned, however when powerful countries such as Britain and the United States of America had invoked such power the world was silent and in that silence accepted their methods even though they violated essential human rights. Tutu said: The rule of law is in order to ensure that those who have power don’t use their power arbitrarily and every person retains their human rights until you have proven conclusively that so-and-so is in fact guilty. Whilst we are saying thank you that

Political views
He is a supporter of the magazine New Internationalist, which campaigns for social and environmental justice worldwide.

Against poverty
Before the 31st G8 summit at Gleneagles, Scotland in 2005, Tutu called on world leaders to promote free trade with poorer countries. Tutu also called on an end to expensive taxes on anti-AIDS drugs. Tutu said: "I would hope they would begin to say, ’lets to do something about subsidies’. You ask the so-called-developing world, ’Why can’t you people produce more?’ - and they produce and then they find that the markets have barriers that are put down or are clobbered twice over."[64] Following this summit, the G8 leaders promised to increase aid to developing countries by $48bn a year by 2010. Further, they gave their word of honour that they would do the best they could to achieve universal access to prevention and treatment for the millions and millions of people globally threatened by HIV/AIDS. Before the 32nd G8 summit in Heiligendamm, Germany in 2007, Tutu called on the G8 to focus on poverty in the Third World. Following the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000, it appeared that world leaders were determined as never before to set and meet specific goals regarding extreme poverty.[65]

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these have been released, what is happening to those left behind? We in South Africa used to have a dispensation that detained people without trial and the world quite rightly condemned that as unacceptable. Now if it was unacceptable then how come it can be acceptable to Britain and the United States. It is so, so deeply distressing. I am opposed to any arbitrary detention that is happening, even in Britain.[68] In February 2006, Tutu repeated these statements after a UN report was published which called for the closure of the camp. Tutu stated that the Guantanamo Bay camp was a stain on the character of the United States, while the legislation in Britain which gave a 28 day detention period for terror suspects was "excessive" and "untenable". Tutu pointed out that similar arguments were being made in Britain and the United States which the South African apartheid regime had used. "It is disgraceful and one cannot find strong enough words to condemn what Britain and the United States and some of their allies have accepted," said Tutu. Tutu also attacked Tony Blair’s failed attempt to hold terrorist suspects in Britain for up to 90 days without charge. "Ninety days for a South African is an awful deja-vu because we had in South Africa in the bad old days a 90-day detention law," he said. Under apartheid, as at Guantanamo Bay, people were held for "unconscionably long periods" and then released, he said. Tutu stated: "Are you able to restore to those people the time when their freedom was denied them? If you have evidence for goodness sake produce it in a court of law. People with power have an incredible capacity for wanting to be able to retain that power and don’t like scrutiny."[69] In 2007, Tutu stated that the global "war on terror" could not be won if people were living in desperate conditions. Tutu said that the global disparity between rich and poor people creates instability. "You can never win a war against terror as long as there are conditions in the world that make people

Desmond Tutu
desperate - poverty, disease, ignorance, et cetera. I think people are beginning to realize that you can’t have pockets of prosperity in one part of the world and huge deserts of poverty and deprivation and think that you can have a stable and secure world."[70]

Against HIV/AIDS and TB
Tutu has been a tireless campaigner for health and human rights, and has been particularly vocal in support of controlling TB and HIV.[71] He has served as the honorary chairman for the Global AIDS Alliance. In 2003 the Desmond Tutu HIV Centre was founded in Cape Town, while the Desmond Tutu TB Centre was founded in 2003 at Stellenbosch University. Tutu suffered from TB in his youth and has been active in assisting those afflicted, especially as TB and HIV/ AIDS deaths have become intrinsically linked in South Africa. “Those of you who work to care for people suffering from AIDS and TB are wiping a tear from God’s eye,” Tutu said.[71] On 20 April 2005, after Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was elected as Pope Benedict XVI, Tutu said he was sad that the Roman Catholic Church was unlikely to change its opposition to condoms amidst the fight against HIV/AIDS in Africa: "We would have hoped for someone more open to the more recent developments in the world, the whole question of the ministry of women and a more reasonable position with regards to condoms and HIV/AIDS."[72] In 2007, statistics were released that indicated HIV and AIDS numbers were lower than previously thought in South Africa. However, Tutu named these statistics "cold comfort" as it was unacceptable that 600 people died of AIDS in South Africa every day. Tutu also rebuked the government for wasting time by discussing what caused HIV/ AIDS, which particularly attacks Mbeki and Health Minister Manto Tshabalala-Msimang for their denialist stance.[73]

Church reform
In 2002, Tutu called for a reform of the Anglican Church in regard to how its leader, the Archbishop of Canterbury is chosen. The ultimate appointment is made by the British Prime Minister and thus Tutu said that the

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selection process will only be properly democratic and representative when the link between church and state is broken. In February 2006 Tutu took part in the 9th Assembly of the World Council of Churches, held in Porto Alegre, Brazil. There he manifested his commitment to ecumenism and praised the efforts of Christian churches to promote dialogue to diminish their differences. For Tutu, "a united church is no optional extra." In the debate about Anglican views of homosexuality he has opposed Christian discrimination against homosexuals while suggesting homosexual church leaders should currently remain celibate. Commenting days after the 5 August 2003 election of Gene Robinson, an openly gay man to be a bishop in the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, Tutu said, "In our Church here in South Africa, that doesn’t make a difference. We just say that at the moment, we believe that they should remain celibate and we don’t see what the fuss is about."[74] Tutu has remarked that it is sad the Church is spending time disagreeing on sexual orientation "when we face so many devastating problems – poverty, HIV/AIDS, war and conflict".[75] Tutu has increased his criticism of conservative attitudes to homosexuality within his own church, equating homophobia with racism. Stating at a conference in Nairobi that he is "deeply disturbed that in the face of some of the most horrendous problems facing Africa, we concentrate on ’what do I do in bed with whom’".[76] In an interview with BBC Radio 4 on 18 November 2007, Tutu accused the church of being obsessed with homosexuality and declared: "If God, as they say, is homophobic, I wouldn’t worship that God."[77]

Desmond Tutu
against women, aims to generate mass mobilisation and draw maximum attention, in order to increase pressure on African States to ratify the international and regional women’s human rights protection instruments, without reservation, and to respect them, in domestic laws and in practice.

Academic role
In 1998, he was appointed as the Robert R Woodruff Visiting Professor at Emory University, Atlanta. He returned to Emory University the following year as the William R Cannon Visiting Distinguished Professor. In 2000, he founded the Desmond Tutu Peace Foundation to raise funds for the Desmond Tutu Peace Centre in Cape Town. The following year he launched the Desmond Tutu Peace Foundation USA, which is designed to work with universities nationwide to create leadership academies emphasising peace, social justice and reconciliation. In 2001, the Desmond Tutu Educational Trust, with funding from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, launched the Desmond Tutu Footprints of the Legends Awards which recognises leadership in combating prejudice, human rights, research and poverty eradication. Since 2004, he has been a Visiting Professor at King’s College London, although in 2007, he joined 600 college students and sailed around the world with Semester at Sea.[78]

One Young World
Desmond Tutu has signed up to be one of the Counsellors at One Young World a non-profit organisation which hopes to bring together 1500 young global leaders of tomorrow from every country in the world.

Women’s rights
On 8 March 2009, Desmond Tutu joined the campaign "Africa for women’s rights" launched by The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), The African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies (ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF), Women and Law in South Africa (WLSA) and hundred other african human rights and women’s rights organisations. This campaign for the fulfilment of women’s human rights, and the end of violence and discrimination

Honours
See also: List of honours for Desmond Tutu On 16 October 1984, Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. The Nobel Committee cited his "role as a unifying leader figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa."[79] This was seen as a gesture of support for him and The South African Council of Churches which he led at that time. In 1987 Tutu was awarded the Pacem in Terris Award.[80] It was named after a 1963 encyclical letter by Pope John XXIII that calls upon all people of good will to

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Desmond Tutu
d’honneur by France, Germany has awarded him the Order of Merit Grand Cross, while he received the Sydney Peace Prize in 1999. He is also the recipient of the Gandhi Peace Prize, the King Hussein Prize and the Marion Doenhoff Prize for International Reconciliation and Understanding. In 2008, Governor Rod Blagojevich of Illinois proclaimed 13 May ’Desmond Tutu Day’. On his visit to Illinois, Tutu was awarded the Lincoln Leadership Prize and unveiled his portrait which will be displayed at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library in Springfield.[84] In November 2008, Tutu was awarded the J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding. On May 8, 2009, Tutu was the featured speaker during Michigan State University’s spring undergraduate convocation. During the commencement, Tutu was bestowed with an honorary doctor of humane letters degree. Two days later, he received an honorary doctor of divinity degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.[85] The two schools had coincidentally met in the previous month’s NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Championship, a detail not missed by Tutu.[86]

The 14th Dalai Lama & Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Nobel Peace Prize winners. Photo by Carey Linde. 2004

Tutu at the University of Pennsylvania secure peace among all In 1992, he was awarded the Bishop John T. Walker Distinguished Humanitarian Service Award. In June 1999, Tutu was invited to give the annual Wilberforce Lecture in Kingston upon Hull, commemorating the life and achievements of the anti-slavery campaigner William Wilberforce. Tutu used the occasion to praise the people of the city for their traditional support of freedom and for standing with the people of South Africa in their fight against apartheid. He was also presented with the freedom of the city.[82] In 1978 Tutu was awarded a fellowship of King’s College London, of which he is an alumnus. He returned to King’s in 2004 as Visiting Professor in Post-Conflict Studies. The Students’ Union nightclub, Tutu’s, is named in his honour.[83] Tutu has been awarded the freedom of the city in cities in Italy, Wales, England and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He has received numerous doctorates and fellowships at distinguished universities. He has been named a Grand Officer of the Légion nations.[81]

Media/film appearances

Tutu at the "Deutscher Evangelischer Kirchentag" 2007 • The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson (2009) • Iconoclasts Desmond Tutu and Richard Branson (2008) • I Am Because We Are (2008) • For the Bible Tells Me So (2007) • Virgin Radio (2007) - Tutu contacted Virgin Radio on 15 October 2007 in the

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Who’s Calling Christian" phone in where famous people ring in to raise a substantial amount of money for charity. The Foolishness of God: Desmond Tutu and Forgiveness (2007) (post-production) Our Story Our Voice (2007) (completed) 2006 Trumpet Awards (2006) (TV) Nobelity DVD (2006) De skrev historie (1 episode, 2005) The Shot That Shook the World (2005) (TV) The Peace! DVD (2005) (V) The Charlie Rose Show (1 episode, 2005) Out of Africa: Heroes and Icons (2005) (TV) Big Ideas That Changed the World (2005) (mini) TV Series Breakfast with Frost (3 episodes, 2004-2005) Tavis Smiley (1 episode, 2005) The South Bank Show (1 episode, 2005) Wall Street: A Wondering Trip (2004) (TV) The Daily Show (1 episode, 2004) Bonhoeffer (2003) Long Night’s Journey Into Day (2000) Epidemic Africa (1999) Cape Divided (1999) A Force More Powerful (1999) Desmond Tutu was referenced in a Father Ted special episode, "A Christmassy Ted": • Mrs. Doyle: "Well, I think that Archbishop Tutu is a Protestant man". • Father Ted: "Alright, oh great; so a Protestant is better than me!"

Desmond Tutu
because in the end only an honest confrontation with reality can bring healing. Tutu is the author of seven collections of sermons and other writings: • Crying in the Wilderness, Eerdmans, 1982. ISBN 978-0802802705 • Hope and Suffering: Sermons and Speeches, Skotaville, 1983. ISBN 978-0620067768 • The Words of Desmond Tutu, Newmarket, 1989. ISBN 978-1557047199 • Worshipping Church in Africa, Duke University Press, 1995. ASIN B000K5WB02 • The Essential Desmond Tutu, David Phillips Publishers, 1997. ISBN 978-0864863461 • No Future without Forgiveness, Doubleday, 1999. ISBN 978-0-385-49689-6 • An African Prayerbook, Doubleday, 2000. ISBN 978-0385-47730-7 • God Has a Dream: A Vision of Hope for Our Time, Doubleday, 2004. ISBN 978-0385-47784-0 • The Rainbow People of God: The Making of a Peaceful Revolution, Doubleday, 1994. ISBN 978-0-385-47546-4 Tutu has also co authored numerous books: • "Bounty in Bondage: Anglican Church in Southern Africa - Essays in Honour of Edward King, Dean of Cape Town" with Frank England, Torguil Paterson, and Torquil Paterson (1989) • "Resistance Art in South Africa" with Sue Williamson (1990) • The Rainbow People of God with John Allen (1994) • "Freedom from Fear: And Other Writings" with Vaclav Havel and Aung San Suu Kyi (1995) • "Reconciliation: The Ubuntu Theology of Desmond Tutu" with Michael J. Battle (1997) • "Exploring Forgiveness" with Robert D. Enright and Joanna North (1998) • "Love in Chaos: Spiritual Growth and the Search for Peace in Northern Ireland" with Mary McAleese (1999) • "Race and Reconciliation in South Africa (Global Encounters: Studies in Comparative Political Theory)" with William Vugt and G. Daan Cloete (2000) • "South Africa: A Modern History" with T.R.H. Davenport and Christopher Saunders (2000)

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Writings
Tutu has contributed to the field of social psychology. His writing appeared in Greater Good Magazine, published by the Greater Good Science Center of the University of California, Berkeley. His contributions include the interpretation of scientific research into the roots of compassion, altruism, and peaceful human relationships. His most recent article with Greater Good magazine is titled: "Why to Forgive", which examines how forgiveness is not only personally rewarding, but also politically necessary in allowing South Africa to have a new beginning. However, Tutu states that forgiveness is not turning a blind eye to wrongs; true reconciliation exposes the awfulness, the abuse, the pain, the hurt, the truth. It could even sometimes make things worse. It is a risky undertaking but in the end it is worthwhile,

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• "At the Side of Torture Survivors: Treating a Terrible Assault on Human Dignity" with Bahman Nirumand, Sepp Graessner and Norbert Gurris (2001) • "Place of Compassion" with Kenneth E. Luckman (2001) • "Passion for Peace: Exercising Power Creatively" with Stuart Rees (2002) • "Out of Bounds (New Windmills)" with Beverley Naidoo (2003) • "Fly, Eagle, Fly!" with Christopher Gregorowski and Niki Daly (2003) • "Sex, Love and Homophobia: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Lives" with Amnesty International, Vanessa Baird and Grayson Perry (2004) • "Toward a Jewish Theology of Liberation" with Gustavo Gutierrez and Marc H. Ellis (2004) • "Radical Compassion: The Life and Times of Archbishop Ted Scott" with Hugh McCullum (2004) • "Third World Health: Hostage to First World Wealth" with Theodore MacDonald (2005) • "Where God Happens: Discovering Christ in One Another and Other Lessons from the Desert Fathers" with Rowan Williams (2005) • "Health, Trade and Human Rights" with Mogobe Ramose and Theodore H. MacDonald (2006) • "The Soul of a New Cuisine: A Discovery of the Foods and Flavors of Africa" with Marcus Samuelsson, Heidi Sacko Walters and Gediyon Kifle (2006) • "The Gospel According to Judas WMA: By Benjamin Iscariot" with Jeffrey Archer, Frank Moloney (2007)

Desmond Tutu
[3] ^ Aarvik, Egil (1984). "Presentation Speech of 1984 Nobel Prize for Peace". The Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/ laureates/1984/presentationspeech.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [4] ^ Wood, Lawrence (17 October 2006). "Tutu’s story". The Christian Century. http://www.christiancentury.org/ article.lasso?id=2441. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [5] "Our Patron - Archbishop Desmond Tutu". Cape Town Child Welfare. http://www.helpkids.org.za/ pages.php?id=26. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [6] ^ "Trevor Tutu freed from prison after being granted amnesty". SAPA. 28 November 1997. http://www.doj.gov.za/ trc/media/1997/9711/s971128s.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [7] "Tutu’s son in amnesty bid". Dispatch. 27 September 1997. http://www.dispatch.co.za/1997/09/27/ page%209.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [8] "Nontombi Naomi Tutu". Kent State University. http://dept.kent.edu/ violence_symposium/naomi_tutu.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [9] "Reverend Mpho Tutu". 2004 Women of Distinction. 2004. http://pages.interlog.com/~saww/ 2004Mpho.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [10] "The Reverend Mpho A. Tutu". Tutu Institute. http://www.tutuinstitute.org/ user/Tutu_BIO.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-02-06-01. [11] Prostate Cancer Foundation of South Africa (3 March 2007). Taking the fight against prostate cancer to South Africans. Press release. http://www.prostatecancerfoundation.co.za/ A_Aboutus_Media.asp. Retrieved on 2008-04-23. [12] Tutu, Desmond (1994). The Rainbow People of God: The Making of a Peaceful Revolution. New York: Doubleday. [13] "Tutu calls for church reform". BBC. 10 June 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/ programmes/newsnight/2036677.stm. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [14] Carlin, John (12 November 2006). "Former aide John Allen’s authorised biography offers an intimate view of

See also
• Black Nobel Prize laureates

Notes
[1] "Tutu to be honoured with Gandhi Peace Award". http://www.mg.co.za/article/ 2006-10-03-tutu-to-be-honoured-withgandhi-peace-award. Retrieved on 2008-11-11. [2] Miller, Lindsay. "Desmond Tutu - A Man with a Mission". http://www.ccds.charlotte.nc.us/History/ Africa/02/miller/miller.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-01.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Desmond Tutu". The Observer. http://observer.guardian.co.uk/review/ story/0,,1945580,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [15] London Gazette: no. 54002, p. 5286, 7 April 1995. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [16] ^ "Fact Sheet: Archbishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu". Racism. No Way.. 19 January 2006. http://www.racismnoway.com.au/ classroom/factsheets/42.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [17] "Tutu calls for child registration". BBC. 22 February 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/ 2/hi/africa/4289393.stm. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [18] ^ "Archbishop Desmond Tutu lambasts African silence on Zimbabwe". USA Today. 2007. http://www.usatoday.com/ news/world/2007-03-16-tutuzimbabwe_N.htm. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [19] Tutu, Mbeki & others (2005). "Controversy: Tutu, Mbeki & the freedom to criticise". Centre for Civil Society. http://www.nu.ac.za/ccs/ default.asp?3,28,10,1763. [20] ^ "Tutu warns of poverty ’powder keg’". BBC. 23 November 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/ 4035809.stm. [21] Maclennan, Ben (2 December 2004). "Quotes of the Week". Sapa. http://www.armsdeal-vpo.co.za/ quotes.html. [22] Carlin, John. "Interview with Tutu". PBS Frontline. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/ pages/frontline/shows/mandela/ interviews/tutu.html. Retrieved on 2006-09-07. [23] "S Africa is losing its way - Tutu". BBC. 27 September 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/ 5384310.stm. [24] "Zuma camp lashes out at ’old’ Tutu". Mail & Guardian. 1 September 2006. http://www.mg.co.za/ articlePage.aspx?articleid=282735&area=/ insight/insight__national/. Retrieved on 2006-09-01. [25] "’Please, please stop’". News24. 19 May 2008. http://www.news24.com/News24/ South_Africa/Politics/ 0,,2-7-12_2325358,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-31.

Desmond Tutu
[26] The Elders (18 July 2007). Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu Announce The Elders. Press release. http://theelders-news.blogspot.com/2008/ 01/for-immediate-releasejuly-18-2007.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [27] "Tutu denounces rights abuses". News24. 10 December 2007. http://www.news24.com/News24/Africa/ 0,,2-11_2236256,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [28] "Raw Video: Desmond Tutu On SF Torch Relay". CBS. 8 April 2008. http://cbs5.com/video/ ?id=32966@kpix.dayport.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-10. [29] "San Francisco set for torch relay". BBC. 9 April 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/ asia-pacific/7337925.stm. Retrieved on 2008-04-09. [30] "Zimbabwe needs your help, Tutu tells Brown". Daily Telegraph. 19 September 2007. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/ main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/09/19/ wtutu119.xml. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [31] "Tutu urges Zimbabwe intervention". BBC. 29 June 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/ 7479696.stm. [32] John Allen (10 October 2007). "Working with a rabble-rouser". Times Online. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/ comment/faith/article2631943.ece. Retrieved on 2008-01-22. [33] "Desmond Tutu Quotes". South African History Online. 2007. http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/ people/special%20projects/tutu-d/ timeline-tutu.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [34] ^ "‘Mugabe must step down with dignity’". The Times. 2 April 2008. http://www.thetimes.co.za/News/ Article.aspx?id=739329. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [35] "Solomon Islands gets Desmond Tutu truth help", The Australian, April 29, 2009 [36] "Archbishop Tutu to Visit Solomon Islands", Solomon Times, February 4, 2009 [37] "Solomons Truth and Reconciliation Commission launched", Radio New Zealand International, April 29, 2009

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Desmond Tutu

[38] ^ "Apartheid in the Holy Land". The [51] "Tutu Honor Too Too Much?". Jewish Guardian. 29 April 2002. Week. http://www.thejewishweek.com/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/ news/ comment/0,10551,706911,00.html. newscontent.php3?artid=7706&print=yes. Retrieved on 2006-11-28. [52] Derfner, Larry (15 October 2006). "Anti[39] "Israeli apartheid". The Nation (275): Semite and Jew". Jerusalem Post. p. 15. 4–5. 2002-06-27. [53] Furst, Randy (4 October 2007). "St. http://www.thenation.com/doc/ Thomas won’t host Tutu". Minneapolis 20020715/tutu. Retrieved on Star Tribune. 2006-11-28. http://www.startribune.com/462/story/ [40] Ruby, Walter (1 February 1989). "Tutu 1463394.html. says Israel’s policy in territories remind [54] Furst, Randy (15 October 2007). "St. him of SA". Jerusalem Post. Thomas urged to reconsider its decision [41] "Tutu condemns Israeli apartheid". BBC. not to invite Tutu". Minneapolis Star 29 April 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/ Tribune. http://www.startribune.com/ africa/1957644.stm. Retrieved on local/11591286.html. Retrieved on 2006-11-28. 2007-10-07. [42] Shimoni, Gideon (1988). "South African [55] "UST president says he made wrong Jews and the Apartheid Crisis" (PDF). decision, invites Tutu to campus". American Jewish Year Book (American University of St. Thomas Bulletin. http://www.stthomas.edu/bulletin/news/ Jewish Committee) 88: 50. 200741/Wednesday/Dease10_10_07.cfm. http://www.ajcarchives.org/AJC_DATA/ Retrieved on 2007-10-07. Files/1988_3_SpecialArticles.pdf. [56] Mador, Jessica (12 April 2008). [43] Barthos, Gordon (20 December 1989). "Desmond Tutu avoids politics while "Israelis uneasy about Tutu’s Yule visit". talking about peace". Minnesota Public Toronto Star. Radio. http://minnesota.publicradio.org/ [44] Anti-Defamation League (2006). ADL display/web/2008/04/12/tutu2/. Retrieved Blasts Appointment Of Desmond Tutu As on 2008-05-06. Head Of U.N. Fact Finding Mission To [57] "Amnesty International welcomes the Gaza. Press release. http://www.adl.org/ election of a Board of Directors". PresRele/UnitedNations_94/ Amnesty International. 12 September 4933_94.htm. Retrieved on 2007-10-04. 2003. http://web.amnesty.org/library/ [45] Phillips, Melanie (6 May 2002). "Bigotry Index/ and a corruption of the truth". Daily ENGIOR300072003?open&of=ENG-391. Mail. Retrieved on 2007-08-01. [46] Tutu, Desmond (forward) (2005). [58] "Desmond Tutu turns 75". News24. 6 Michael Prior. ed. Speaking the Truth: October 2006. http://www.news24.com/ Zionism, Israel, and Occupation. Olive News24/South_Africa/News/ Branch Press. p. 12. 0,,2-7-1442_2009103,00.html. Retrieved [47] ^ "Tutu Urges Jews to Forgive The on 2008-01-22. Nazis". San Francisco Chronicle. 27 [59] "Statement by Archbishop Desmond December 1989. Tutu, South Africa". West Papuan Action. [48] "Tutu assailed". Chicago Sun-Times. 30 23 February 2004. December 1989. p. 13. http://westpapuaaction.buz.org/ [49] "Desmond Tutu lends his name to unreview/. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. Sabeel". comeandsee.com. 18 June 2003. [60] Slosberg, Jacob (29 November 2006). http://www.comeandsee.com/ modules.php?name=News&file=print&sid=464. "Tutu to head UN rights mission to Gaza". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved on 2006-12-04. http://www.jpost.com/servlet/ [50] "A call for morally responsible Satellite?pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFul investment: A Nonviolent Response to [61] Hoffman, Gil; Keinon, Herb (19 the Occupation" (PDF). Sabeel. April December 2006). "Israel may give no-no 2005. http://www.sabeel.org/documents/ to Tutu’s A%20nonviolence%20sabeel%20second%20revision.pdf. trip to Beit Hanun". Jerusalem Post. http://www.jpost.com/servlet/ Retrieved on 2007-10-03. Satellite?cid=1164881856613&pagename=JPost%2F

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[62] "Desmond Tutu says Israel refused factfinding mission to Gaza". International Herald Tribune. 11 December 2006. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/12/ 11/news/UN_GEN_UN_Israel_Tutu.php. [63] "Tutu heads for Gaza Strip". News24. 26 May 2008. http://www.news24.com/ News24/World/News/ 0,,2-10-1462_2328948,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-31. [64] "Archbishop Tutu calls for G8 help". BBC. 2005-03-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/ 2/hi/uk_news/scotland/4356821.stm. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [65] World Aids Campaign (2006-10-19). Desmond Tutu: Keep your Promises. Press release. http://www.worldaidscampaign.info/ index.php/en/media__1/press_releases/ desmond_tutu_keep_your_promises. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [66] "Tutu condemns Blair’s Iraq stance". BBC. 5 January 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/ 2628607.stm. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [67] "Tutu in anti-Guantanamo theatre". BBC. 2 October 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/ hi/americas/3709288.stm. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [68] "Tutu calls for Guantanamo release". BBC. 12 January 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/ 4167369.stm. Retrieved on 2008-01-22. [69] "Tutu calls for Guantanamo closure". BBC. 17 February 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/ 4723512.stm. Retrieved on 2008-01-22. [70] "Tutu: Poverty fueling terror". CNN. 2007-09-16. http://www.cnn.com/2007/ WORLD/asiapcf/09/16/talkasia.tutu/. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [71] ^ "Archbischop Desmond Tutu urges TB/ HIV workers to continue to relieve suffering from dual scourges". Desmond Tutu HIV Centre. 2005-09-28. http://www.tbhiv-create.org/ NewsUpdates/ archbishop_desmond_tutu.htm. Retrieved on 2008-04-24. [72] "Africans hail conservative Pope". BBC News. 2005-04-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/ 2/hi/africa/4463873.stm. Retrieved on 2006-05-26. [73] "Aids stats ’cold comfort’- Tutu". News24. 2007-11-30. http://www.news24.com/News24/

Desmond Tutu

South_Africa/Aids_Focus/ 0,,2-7-659_2230486,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [74] "Desmond Tutu: gay bishop row is just "fuss"". Gay.com UK. 2006-08-11. http://uk.gay.com/headlines/4846. Retrieved on 2006-05-26. [75] "Tutu calls on Anglicans to accept gay bishop". Spero News. 2005-11-14. http://www.speroforum.com/site/ article.asp?idCategory=33&idsub=128&id=2141. Retrieved on 2006-05-26. [76] "Tutu stands up for gays". Pink News. 2007-01-19. http://www.pinknews.co.uk/ news/articles/2005-3528.html. [77] "Desmond Tutu chides Church for gay stance". BBC. 2007-11-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/ 7100295.stm. [78] "Nobel Peace Prize Winner Archbishop Desmond Tutu to Sail with Semester at Sea for Entire Spring Semester". University of Virginia. 2006-09-26. http://www.virginia.edu/uvatoday/ newsRelease.php?id=621. Retrieved on 2008-01-05. [79] Norwegian Nobel Committee. The Nobel Peace Prize for 1984. Press release. http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/ 1984/press.html. Retrieved on 2006-05-26. [80] Gish, Steven (1963). Desmond Tutu: A Biography. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 126. http://books.google.co.za/ books?id=S6UYpCoGUkgC&printsec=frontcover&dq Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [81] Habitat for Humanity (2007-11-01). Habitat for Humanity Lebanon Chairman to receive prestigious Pacem in Terris Peace and Freedom Award. Press release. http://www.habitat.org/ newsroom/2007archive/ 11_01_2007_HFH_Freedom_Award.aspx. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [82] "1999 Lecture: Archbishop Desmond Tutu". Wilberforce Lecture Trust. http://www.wilberforcelecturetrust.co.uk/ index.php/lectures/lecture-detail/ 1999-lecture-by-archbishop-desmondtutu/. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [83] King’s College London, "Famous People: Desmond Tutu". [84] Illinois Government News Network (2008-05-13). Gov. Blagojevich Proclaims Today "Desmond Tutu Day" in Illinois.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Preceded by Philip Welsford Richmond Russell Anglican Archbishop of Cape Town 1986-1996

Desmond Tutu
Succeeded by Njongonkulu Ndungane

Press release. http://www.illinois.gov/ pressreleases/ • Desmond ShowPressRelease.cfm?SubjectID=2&RecNum=6830. Tutu Diversity Trust • The Desmond Tutu Peace Centre Retrieved on 2008-06-06. • Tutu Foundation UK [85] University of North Carolina at Chapel • Archbishop Desmond Tutu Centre for War Hill (2009-04-24). Tutu, five others to and Peace Studies at Liverpool Hope receive honorary degrees at Carolina’s University May Commencement. Press release. • IMDB Profile http://uncnews.unc.edu/news/campus• Nobel lecture, 11 December 1984 and-community/tutu-five-others-to• Desmond Tutu on The Hour receive-honorary-degrees-at-carolinas• http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/ may-commencement.html. Retrieved on greatergood/archive/2004fallwinter/ 2009-05-13. Fall04_Tutu.pdf [86] "Archbishop Emeritus Tutu delivers 2009 • Dalai Lama, Bishop Tutu Join Seattle commencement address". Chapel Hill, Interfaith Discussion NC: University of North Carolina at • Desmond Tutu lights a candle for Rwanda Chapel Hill. 2009-05-10. http://uncnews.unc.edu/news/students/ archbishop-emeritus-tutuPersondata delivers-2009-commencementNAME Tutu, Desmond Mpilo address.html. Retrieved on 2009-05-13. ALTERNATIVE NAMES

External links

Further reading

• Shirley du Boulay, Tutu: Voice of the Voiceless (Eerdmans, 1988). • Michael J. Battle, Reconciliation: The Ubuntu Theology of Desmond Tutu (Pilgrim Press, 1997). • Steven D. Gish, Desmond Tutu: A Biography (Greenwood, 2004). • David Hein, "Bishop Tutu’s Christology." Cross Currents 34 (1984): 492-99. • David Hein, "Religion and Politics in South Africa." Modern Age 31 (1987): 21-30. • John Allen, Rabble-Rouser for Peace: The Authorised Biography of Desmond Tutu (Rider Books, 2007).

SHORT South African churchman, DESCRIPTION politician, archbishop, Nobel Prize winner DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH 7 October 1931 Klerksdorp, Transvaal, South Africa

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desmond_Tutu" Categories: Anglican archbishops, South African bishops, Anti-apartheid activists, Antipoverty advocates, Gandhi Peace Prize recipients, Nobel Peace Prize laureates, People of the National University of Lesotho, South African humanitarians, Alumni of King's College London, Fellows of King's College London, 1931 births, Living people, Archbishops of Cape Town, Bates College alumni, Hamilton College alumni, Hamilton College faculty, The Global Elders, Members of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, South African democracy activists, Commanders of the Order of St John, Bishops of Lesotho, Bishops of Johannesburg, University of South Africa alumni, Grand Officiers of the Légion d'honneur

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Desmond Tutu

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