Huntsville Alabama by zzzmarcus

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Huntsville, Alabama

Huntsville, Alabama
Huntsville, Alabama

Nickname(s): "Rocket City"

Coordinates: 34°42′49″N 86°35′10″W / 34.71361°N 86.58611°W / 34.71361; -86.58611 Country State Counties Government - Type - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water Elevation United States Alabama Madison, Limestone Mayor-Council Tommy Battle 202.4 sq mi (323.8 km2) 202 sq mi (323.2 km2) 0.4 sq mi (0.6 km2) 600 ft (193 m)

people, with the city proper having 171,327 residents (2007 estimate).[1] Started with a single cabin in 1805, the city was incorporated six years later as Twickenham. However, it was renamed "Huntsville" (after first settler John Hunt) during the War of 1812, and it has grown across nearby hills and along the Tennessee River, adding textile mills, then munitions factories, to become a major city, hosting the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center and Redstone Arsenal. As of the 2000 census, the population of Huntsville was 158,216. In 2008, the estimated population of the Huntsville Metropolitan Area was 395,645, with the city proper (in 2007) having 171,327 residents.[1] Huntsville is the largest city in the four-county Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area, which in 2008 had a total population of 545,770.

History
First settlers
Huntsville is named after Revolutionary War veteran John Hunt, the first settler of the land around the Big Spring. However, Hunt did not properly register his claim, and the area was purchased by Leroy Pope, who imposed the name Twickenham on the area to honor the home village of his distant kinsman Alexander Pope. Twickenham was carefully planned, with streets laid out on the northeast to southwest direction based on the Big Spring (see images below). However, due to anti-English sentiment during the War of 1812, the name was changed to Huntsville to honor John Hunt, who had been forced to move to other land south of the new city. Both John Hunt and Leroy Pope were Freemasons and charter members of Helion Lodge #1.[3]

Population (2006)[1] 171,327 - City 963.8/sq mi (372.14/km2) - Density 395,645 - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 35800–35899 256 01-37000 0151827 http://www.hsvcity.com/

Huntsville is a city in Madison and Limestone Counties in the U.S. state of Alabama, and the county seat of Madison County.[2] Huntsville includes the biggest space museum in the world. It is the largest city in northern Alabama in a region of a half-million

Incorporation 1811
In 1811, Huntsville became the first incorporated town in Alabama. However, the recognized "birth" year of the city is 1805, the year of John Hunt’s arrival. The city’s

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Huntsville, Alabama
legislature selected a permanent capital. (Today, the capital is Montgomery.)

Civil War

Bird’s Eye View of 1871 Huntsville, Alabama. In 1855, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed through Huntsville, becoming the first railway to link the Atlantic seacoast with the lower Mississippi River. Huntsville initially opposed secession from the Union in 1861, but provided many men for the state’s defense. The 4th Alabama Infantry Regiment, led by Col. Egbert J. Jones of Huntsville, distinguished itself at the Battle of Manassas/Bull Run, the first major encounter of the American Civil War. The Fourth Alabama Infantry, which contained two Huntsville companies, were the first Alabama troops to fight in the war and were present when Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox in April 1865. Eight generals of the war were born in or near Huntsville, evenly split with four on each side. On the morning of April 11, 1862, Union troops led by General Ormsby M. Mitchel seized Huntsville to sever the Confederacy’s rail communications. The Union troops were forced to retreat some months later, but returned to Huntsville in the fall of 1863 and thereafter used the city as a base of operations for the remainder of the war. While many homes and villages in the surrounding countryside were burned in retaliation for the active guerrilla warfare in the area, Huntsville itself was spared because it housed elements of the Union Army.

Huntsville, Alabama (top center), near the Tennessee border, is north of Birmingham and northeast of Decatur, across the Tennessee River flowing northwest. sesquicentennial anniversary was held in 1955 and the bicentennial was celebrated in 2005.

Emerging industries
Huntsville’s quick growth was from wealth generated by the cotton and railroad industries. Many wealthy planters moved into the area from Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolinas. In 1819, Huntsville hosted a constitutional convention in Walker Allen’s large cabinetmaking shop. The forty-four delegates meeting there wrote a constitution for the new state of Alabama. In accordance with the new state constitution, Huntsville became Alabama’s first capital when the state was admitted to the Union. This was a temporary designation for one legislative session only, and the capital was then moved to another temporary location, Cahawba, until the

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Huntsville, Alabama

Space flight

Child workers at Merrimac Mills in Huntsville, November 1910. Photographed by Lewis Hine.

After the Civil War
After the Civil War, Huntsville became a center for cotton textile mills, such as Lincoln, Dallas and Merrimack. Each mill had its own housing community that included everything the mill workers needed (schools, churches, grocery stores, theatres, and hardware stores, all within walking distance of the mill).

Historic rockets in Rocket Park of the US Space and Rocket Center, Huntsville, Alabama. On September 8, 1960, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicated the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville. (NASA had already activated this facility, which is located on Redstone Arsenal, on July 1 of that year.) Huntsville is thus home to both Redstone Arsenal and the Marshall Space Flight Center, and is nicknamed "The Rocket City" for its close history with U.S. space missions. Huntsville has been important in developing space technology since the 1950s, when the German scientists headed by Dr. Wernher von Braun, brought to the United States at the end of World War II through Operation Paperclip, arrived to develop rocketry for the U.S. Army. Their work included designing the Redstone ballistic missile, a variant of which, the Juno I, carried the first U.S. satellite and astronauts into space.

Great Depression 1930s
During the 1930s, industry declined in Huntsville due to the Great Depression. Huntsville became known as the Watercress Capital of the World[4] because of its abundant harvest in the area. Madison County led Alabama in cotton production during this time.[4]

World War II
By 1940, Huntsville was still a small quiet town with a population of only 13,150 inhabitants. This quickly changed at the onset of World War II, when Huntsville was chosen as the location of Redstone Arsenal, with its numerous munitions manufacturing plants. The Arsenal was almost closed in 1949 when it was no longer needed, but it saw new life when Major General Holger Toftoy with support from Senator John Sparkman convinced the U. S. Army to choose Huntsville as the location for its missile research program. In 1950, General Toftoy brought German rocket scientist Wernher von Braun and his colleagues to Redstone Arsenal to develop what would eventually become the United States’ space program.

Space Shuttle Pathfinder at Space Camp

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The Saturn V, utilized by the Apollo program manned Moon missions, was developed from the Redstone Arsenal. Huntsville continues to play an important role in the United States’ Space Shuttle and International Space Station programs. It is estimated that 1 in 13 of Huntsville’s population are employed in some engineering field of work. Huntsville’s economy was nearly crippled and growth came to a near standstill in the 1970s following the closure of the Apollo program, but the emergence of the Space Shuttle and the ever-expanding field of missile defense in the 1980s helped give Huntsville a resurgence that continues to this day. The city continues to be the center of rocketpropulsion research in the United States, and is home to large branches of many defense contractors. Huntsville is also the location of the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM). Huntsville’s contributions to United States Cold War missile armament and technology earned it a "red star" designation as a target of the Soviet Union in the event of a nuclear exchange, fourth behind only New York City, Washington, DC, and NORAD.

Huntsville, Alabama

The Big Spring, basis of street plan in Twickenham (renamed in 1812 to "Huntsville"). the west, and Weeden and Madkin Mountains on Redstone Arsenal in the south. Brindlee Mountain is visible in the south across the Tennessee River. As with other areas along the Cumberland Plateau, the land around Huntsville is karst in nature. The city was founded around the Big Spring, which is a typical karst spring, and many caves perforate the limestone bedrock underneath the surface, as is common in karst areas. The headquarters of the National Speleological Society are located in Huntsville.

Geography

Climate
Big Spring Park Huntsville is located at 34°42’ North, 86°35’ West (34.7, -86.6)[5]. According to the Huntsville Times from Tuesday April 15, 2008,[6] the city now has a total area of 202 square miles (451.8 km²). Recent annexations into Limestone County have pushed Huntsville City to a total of 4.5 square miles (12 km2) inside Limestone County and officially abuts Huntsville to Athens, a city to the west. Huntsville is located in the Tennessee River Valley. Several mesas and large hills partially surround the city. These mesas are associated with the Cumberland Plateau, and are locally called "mountains". Monte Sano Mountain (Italian for "Healthy Mount") is the most notable, and is east of the city along with Round Top (Burritt), Chapman, Huntsville, and Green Mountains. Others are Wade Mountain to the north, Rainbow Mountain to Huntsville has a humid subtropical climate. It experiences hot, humid summers and generally mild winters, with average high temperatures ranging from 89.0 °F (31.6 C) in the summer to 49.0 °F (9.4 C) during winter. Some years, Huntsville experiences tornadoes during the spring and fall. Significant tornado events include the Super Outbreak in 1974, the November 1989 Tornado Outbreak that killed 21 and injured almost 500, and the Anderson Hills Tornado that killed one and caused extensive damage in 1995. Since Huntsville is nearly 300 miles (480 km) inland, hurricanes are rarely experienced with their full force; however, many weakened tropical storms cross the area after a U.S. Gulf Coast landfall. While most winters have some measurable snow, significant snow is rare in Huntsville; but there have been some anomalies, like the 1963 New Years Day snowstorm, when 17 inches (43 cm) fell within 24 hours. Likewise, the Blizzard of 1993 and a Groundhog Day snowstorm in 1996

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Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep

Huntsville, Alabama
Oct Nov Dec Year

Average 48.9 54.6 63.4 72.3 79.6 86.5 89.4 89.0 83.0 72.9 61.6 52.4 71.1 (9.4) (12.6) (17.4) (22.4) (26.4) (30.3) (31.9) (31.7) (28.3) (22.7) (16.4) (11.3) (21.7) high °F (°C) Average 30.7 34.0 (-0.7) (1.1) low °F (°C) Average 5.52 4.95 rainfall: 140 126 inches/ mm 41.2 (5.1) 6.68 170 48.4 (9.1) 4.54 115 57.5 65.4 69.5 68.1 61.7 49.6 (14.2) (18.6) (20.8) (20.1) (16.5) (9.8) 5.24 133 4.22 107 4.40 112 3.32 84 4.29 109 3.54 90 40.7 (4.8) 5.22 133 33.8 (1.0) 5.59 142 50.1 (10.1) 57.51 1460

were substantial winter events for Huntsville. However, as of the winter of 2008-09, Huntsville has gone 13 years without any significant snowfall (>4 inches). source

Demographics
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 2,863 — 1850 3,634 26.9% 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 4,907 4,977 7,995 8,068 7,611 8,018 11,544 13,050 16,437 72,365 139,282 142,513 159,789 158,216 35.0% 1.4% 60.6% 0.9% −5.7% 5.3% 44.0% 13.0% 26.0% 340.3% 92.5% 2.3% 12.1% −1.0%

races. 2.04% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 66,742 households out of which 27.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% are married couples living together, 13.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% are non-families. 32.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.29 and the average family size is 2.91. Huntsville, Alabama Demographic Distribution Age Distribution % <18 23.1 18-24 10.7 25-44 29.3 45-64 23.4 65+ 13.4

Huntsville, Alabama Sex Ratio & Income Distribution Median Age = 37 Sex Ratio F:M = 100:92.8 Sex Ratio age 18+ F:M = 100:89.7 Median Income = 41,074 Family Median Income = 52,202 Male Median Income = 40,003 Female Median Income = 26,085 Per capita Income = 24,015 Percent Below poverty = 12.8 Age < 18 Below Poverty = 18.7 Age 65+ Below Poverty = 9.0

Est. 2007 171,327 8.3% As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 158,216 people living within the city limits. There are 66,742 households and 41,713 families residing in the city. The population density was 909.0 people per square mile (351.0/km²). There were 73,670 housing units at an average density of 423.3/sq mi (163.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.47% White, 30.21% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more

Politics and government
The current mayor of Huntsville is Tommy Battle, who was elected in 2008. The Deputy Mayor/City Administrator is Rex Reynolds, who also serves as the city’s Public Safety

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Huntsville, Alabama
currently carried out by the department’s two Deputy Chiefs, while the city looks for a new Fire Chief to replace the recently retired Danny Loggins.

Police
The Huntsville Police Department has 3 precincts and 1 downtown HQ, 360 sworn officers, 150 civilian personnel, and patrols an area of 194.7+ square miles (this number has grown due to recent annexations). The current chief is Henry Reyes. Huntsville’s Administration Building, also known as City Hall Director. The city has a five-member/district City Council. The current members are: • (Northwest): Richard Showers, Sr. • (East): Mark Russell (President) • (Southeast): Sandra Moon • (Southwest): Bill Kling • (West): Will Culver. Council elections are "staggered", meaning that Districts 2, 3, and 4 will have elections in August 2010, while Districts 1 and 5 will have elections simultaneously with mayoral elections in 2012. There are also many boards and commissions run by the city, controlling everything from schools and planning to museums and downtown development. See also: List of mayors of Huntsville, Alabama

Police Academy
The Huntsville Police Academy is one of the oldest police academies in the United States. To date the Academy has completed 49 basic academies, and 47 Lateral classes. On May 8, 2006 the Huntsville Police Academy began the 47th Basic Session. Until the 47th Lateral Session, academies were held at the Old Huntsville Airport on Airport Rd. After the gradation of the 46th Session, the academy moved to the Public Safety Training Complex on Sparkman Drive, which is also home to the Huntsville Fire Academy.

Economy
Huntsville’s main economic influence is derived from aerospace and military technology. Redstone Arsenal, Cummings Research Park (CRP), and NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center comprise the main hubs for the area’s technology-driven economy. CRP is the second largest research park in the United States and the fourth largest in the world, and is over 38 years old. Huntsville is also home for commercial technology companies such as the network access company ADTRAN, computer graphics company Intergraph and design and manufacturer of IT infrastructure Avocent. Telecommunications provider Deltacom, Inc. and copper tube manufacturer and distributor Wolverine Tube are also based in Huntsville. Cinram manufactures and distributes 20th Century Fox DVDs and Blu-ray Discs out of their Huntsville plant. Sanmina-SCI also has a large presence in the area. Forty-two Fortune 500 companies have operations in Huntsville. In 2005, Forbes Magazine named the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area as 6th best place in the nation for doing business, and number one in terms of the number

Public Safety
In 2007, Mayor Loretta Spencer combined the police, fire, and animal services departments to create the Department of Public Safety. The former chief of police, Rex Reynolds, was appointed as its director. The new department has nearly 900 employees and an annual budget of $63 million.

Fire
The Huntsville Fire Department has 19 engine companies, 4 ladder/rescue companies, and 2 hazardous materials companies located in 17 stations throughout the city of Huntsville. Many Huntsville firefighters are also members of the regional Hazardous Materials and Heavy Rescue response teams. The day-to-day operations of the department are

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of engineers per total employment. In 2006, Huntsville dropped to 14th; the prevalence of engineers was not considered in the 2006 ranking. • Other Media Recognition for Huntsville

Huntsville, Alabama
and major shopping areas like Memorial Parkway and University Drive and has recently expanded some of the buses to include bike racks on the front for a trial program. There is also a Tourist Trolley that makes stops at tourist attractions and shopping centers. The city also runs HandiRide, a demandresponse transit system for the handicapped, and RideShare, a county-wide carpooling program.

Retail
Huntsville is fast becoming a regional retail center. There are many strip malls and "power centers" throughout the city. Huntsville has two malls—Madison Square Mall, built in 1984, and Parkway Place, built in 2002 on the site of the former Parkway City Mall. The city also has a lifestyle center called Bridge Street Town Centre, built in 2007, in Cummings Research Park. Another "live, work, and play" center is being constructed on the former site of the Heart of Huntsville Mall. It is to be called Constellation with ground breaking in Fall 2007 and scheduled completion by 2010.[8]

Railroads
Huntsville has two active commercial rail lines. The mainline is run by Norfolk Southern, which runs from Memphis, TN to Chattanooga. The original depot for this rail line, the Huntsville Depot still exists, though it no longer offers passenger service. Another rail line, formerly part of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, successor to the Nashville, Chattanooga and Saint Louis Railroad, is being operated by HMCRA (Huntsville-Madison County Railroad Authority). The line connects to the Norfolk Southern line downtown and runs 13 miles (21 km) South, passing near Ditto Landing on the Tennessee River, and terminating at Norton Switch, near Hobbs Island. This service, in continuous operation since 1894, presently hauls freight and provides transloading facilities at its downtown depot location. Until the mid-fifties, L & N provided freight and passenger service to Guntersville and points South. The rail cars were loaded onto barges at Hobbs Island. The barge tows were taken through the Guntersville Dam & Locks and discharged at Port Guntersville. Remnants of the track supporting piers still remain in the river just upstream from Hobbs Island. The service ran twice daily. L & N abandoned the line in 1984 at which time it was acquired by the newly-created HMCRA, a State Agency. The North Alabama Railroad Museum in Chase maintains a line once owned by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N). The museum runs weekend tourist rides along a short track in Northeast Madison County. The origin of these rides was once the smallest Union Station in the United States when it served the predecessor to L&N and the predecessor to the Norfolk and Western Railroad.

Utilities
Electricity, water, and natural gas are all provided in Huntsville by Huntsville Utilities (HU). HU gets its power from the Tennessee Valley Authority, or TVA for short. TVA has two plants that provide electricity to the Huntsville area- Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Limestone County and Guntersville Dam in Marshall County. A third, Bellefonte Nuclear Power Plant in Jackson County, was built in the 1980s but was never activated. Due to the rapid growth of the region, TVA has plans to eventually activate the plant.[9] Telephone service in Huntsville is provided by AT&T, Knology and Comcast . Huntsville has 2 cable providers in the city limits: Comcast and Knology (Mediacom in rural outlying areas).

Transportation
Huntsville is served by several U.S. Highways, including 72, 231, 431 and an Interstate highway spur, I-565, that links the two cities of Huntsville and Decatur to I-65. Alabama Highway 53 also connects the city with I-65 in Ardmore, Tennessee.

Public transit
Public transit in Huntsville is run by the city’s Department of Parking and Public Transit. The Huntsville Shuttle runs 11 fixed routes throughout the city, mainly around downtown

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Huntsville, Alabama

Ports
The inland Port of Huntsville combines the Huntsville International Airport, International Intermodal Center, and Jetplex Industrial Park. The intermodal terminal transfers truck and train cargo. The port has on-site U.S. Customs and USDA inspectors and is Foreign Trade Zone No. 83. Huntsville International Airport is served by several regional and national carriers (including Delta, Northwest, US Airways, Continental, United, and American) and offers non-stop flights to many airports across the Eastern U.S. However, Huntsville International gets its name because of its reputation as a cargo transport hub. Many delivery companies have hubs in Huntsville, making delivery flights to Europe, Asia, and Mexico.[1]

Television
The Huntsville DMA serves 15 counties in North Alabama and 6 counties in Southern Middle Tennessee. TV Stations: • WTZT 11 Independent (Athens) • WHDF 15/DT 14 The CW (Florence) • WHNT 19/DT 59 CBS • WHIQ 25/DT 24 PBS/Alabama Public Television • WAAY 31/DT 32 ABC • W38BQ 38 3ABN • WAFF 48/DT 49 NBC • WZDX 54/DT 41 FOX • WAMY DT 54.2 My Network TV • WYAM-LP 51 Worship/Praise (Decatur)

Movie theaters
There are 6 movie theaters located in Huntsville. They are: • Rave Valley Bend 18 • Regal Hollywood Stadium 18 • Monaco Pictures 14 • Regal Madison Square Stadium 12 • Spacedome IMAX Theater • Carmike 10

Media and communications
Newspapers
The Huntsville Times has been Huntsville’s only daily newspaper since 1996, when the Huntsville News closed. Before then, the News was the morning paper, and the Times was the afternoon paper until 2004. The Huntsville Times has a weekday circulation of 60,000, which rises to 80,000 on Sundays. A few alternative newspapers are available in Huntsville. The Valley Planet covers entertainment in the Huntsville area. The Redstone Rocket is a newspaper distributed throughout Redstone Arsenal’s housing area covering activities on Redstone. Speakin’ Out News is a weekly newspaper focused on African Americans. El Reportero is a Spanishlanguage newspaper for North Alabama.

Feature films shot in Huntsville
A few feature films have been shot in Huntsville, including 20 years After (2008 originally named Like Moles, Like Rats in 2006),[11] Air Band (2005),[12] and Constellation (2005).[13] Portions of the film SpaceCamp (1986) were filmed at Huntsville’s U.S. Space and Rocket Center at the eponymous facility. The U.S. Space and Rocket Center stood in for NASA in the 1989 movie Beyond the Stars starring Martin Sheen, Christian Slater, and Sharon Stone. Parts of Tom and Huck (1995) were filmed in Cathedral Caverns, located on the outskirts of Huntsville. Following in the motif of the "Rocket City," Columbia Pictures filmed Ravagers (1979) in The Land Trust’s Historic Three Caves Quarry, at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, and on location at an antebellum home located next door to Lee High School. This cult classic starred Richard Harris, Ernest Borgnine, Ann Turkel, Art Carney and Cecily Hovanes. Huntsville’s legacy in the space program continues to draw film producers looking for background material for space-themed films. During the pre-production of the film Apollo 13 (1995), the cast and crew spent time at

Radio
See also: List of radio stations in Alabama Huntsville is the 113th largest radio market in the United States.[10] Huntsville’s National Weather Service forecast and warning station broadcasts as KIH20. Huntsville also receives several radio stations from Birmingham and Nashville.

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Space Camp and Marshall Space Flight Center preparing for their roles. Space Camp also garnered a mention in the film Stranger than Fiction and was featured in a 2008 episode of Penn & Teller: Bullshit! on NASA. • Farley Elementary [11] • Hampton Cove Elementary [12] • Highlands Elementary [13]

Huntsville, Alabama
• Montview Elementary Elementary [29] [20] • West • Morris Mastin Elementary Lake [21] Elementary • Mountain [30] Gap • Whitesburg Elementary Elementary [22] [31] • Providence • Williams K-8 [23] Elementary [32] • Schola Maxima [45] • St. John’s School [46] • Valley Fellowship Christian Academy [47] • Westminister Christian Academy [48] • Whitesburg Christian Academy [49]

Education
K-12 education
The majority of K-12 students in Huntsville attend Huntsville City Schools[14]. Nearly 25,000 students attend Huntsville City Schools. There are 29 elementary schools, 12 middle schools, and 7 high schools including 2 magnet elementary schools (The Academy for Academics and Arts and the Academy for Science and Foreign Language), 3 magnet middle schools (Williams Technology, The Academy for Academics and Arts, and the Academy for Science and Foreign Language), and 2 magnet high schools (New Century Technology High School and Lee High School). About 21 private, parochial, and religious schools also serve students ages preK-12. Several accredited private Christian schools serve Huntsville, AL and Madison County, AL. They include Faith Christian Academy [2], Westminster Christian Academy, and Madison Academy, and several others.

Private/Religious

Elementary schools
• Academy for Academics and Arts [4] • Academy for Science and Foreign Language [5] • Blossomwood Elementary [6] • Chaffee Elementary [7] • Challenger Elementary [8] • Chapman Elementary [9] • East Clinton Elementary [10] • Jones Valley Elementary [14] • Lakewood Elementary [15] • Lincoln Elementary [16] • Martin Luther King Jr. Elementary [17] • McDonnell Elementary [18] • Monte Sano Elementary [19] •

•

•

•

•

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• Country • Holy Spirit Day School [39] School • Madison [33] Academy • Faith [40] Christian • Montessori Academy School of (ACSI) Huntsville [34] [41] • Grace • Oakwood Lutheran Elementary School [42] [35] • Providence • Greengate Classical School for School [43] Dyslexia • Randolph [36] School [44] • Hampton Cove Ridgecrest Christian Elementary Academy [24] [37] Rolling • Holy Hills Family Elementary School [25] [38] Terry Heights Middle schools Elementary • Academy • Ed White [26] for Middle University Academics [56] Place and Arts • Hampton Elementary [51] Cove [27] Middle Weatherly • Academy for [57] Heights Science • Huntsville Elementary and Middle [28] Foreign [58] West Language • Mountain Huntsville [52] Gap

• Stone Middle [61] • Westlawn Middle [62] • Whitesburg Middle [63] • Williams Technology

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• Challenger Middle Middle [59] [53] • Providence • Chapman K-8 [60] Middle [54] • Davis Hills Middle [55] Private/Religious • Country Day School [65] • Covenant Christian Academy [66] • Faith Christian Academy ACSI (PK-12) [67] • Grace Lutheran School [68] • Holy Family School [69] • Holy Spirit Regional Catholic School [70] • Islamic • Valley Academy Fellowship of Christian Huntsville Academy [71] [76] • Madison • Westminister Academy Christian [72] Academy • Providence [77] Classical • Whitesburg School Christian [73] Academy • Randolph [78] School [74] • St. John the Baptist Catholic School [75] Middle School [64] Private/Religious • Catholic High School [89] • Covenant Christian Academy [90] • Faith Christian Academy (ACSI PK-12th) [91] • Islamic Academy Of Huntsville [92]

Huntsville, Alabama

• Madison • Valley Academy Fellowship [93] Christian • Oakwood Academy Adventist [97] Academy • Westminster [94] Christian • Providence Academy Classical [98] School • Whitesburg [95] Christian • Randolph Academy School [99] [96]

Higher education
Huntsville’s higher education institutions include: • Alabama A&M University[100] • University of Alabama in Huntsville[101] • Oakwood University[102] • J.F. Drake State Technical College The University of Alabama in Huntsville is the largest university serving the greater Huntsville area. The research-intensive university has more than 7,400 students. Approximately half of the university’s graduates earn a degree in engineering or science, making the university one of the largest producers of engineers and physical scientists in Alabama. Oakwood University, founded in 1896, is a Seventh-day Adventist university and a member institution of the United Negro College Fund. It is one of the nation’s leading producers of successful Black applicants to medical schools. Also, the school is home to the USCAA National Basketball Champions (2008) and the winning team of the 19th Annual Honda Campus All-Star Challenge National Championship Tournament (2008). Numerous colleges and universities have satellite locations or extensions in Huntsville: • Huntsville Regional Medical Campus of the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine [103] • Calhoun Community College[104]

High schools
• S.R. • Huntsville • New Butler High Century High School Technology School [83] High [80] • J. O. School [86] • Buckhorn Johnson • Columbia High High High School School School [87] [81] [84] • Seldon • Virgil I. • Lee High Center Grissom School [88] High [85] School [82]

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• Calhoun Community College at Cummings Research Park • Calhoun Community College at Redstone Arsenal • Athens State University[105] • Georgia Institute of Technology • Faulkner University[106] • Columbia College[107] • Virginia College[108] • Florida Institute of Technology[109] • Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University[110] One of two local hospitals, Huntsville Hospital[111] also has an accredited school of radiologic technology[112].

Huntsville, Alabama

Attractions
Historic districts
• Twickenham Historic District was chosen as the name of the first of three of the city’s historic districts. It features homes in the Federal and Greek Revival architectural styles introduced to the city by Virginia-born architect George Steele about 1818, and contains the most dense concentration of antebellum homes in Alabama. The 1819 Weeden House Museum, home of female artist and poet Howard Weeden, is open to the public, as are several others in the district. • Old Town Historic District [113] contains a variety of styles (Federal, Greek Revival, Queen Anne, and even California cottages), with homes dating from the late 1820s through the early 1900s. • Five Points Historic District [114], the newest historic district, consists predominantly of bungalows built around the turn of the 20th century, by which time Huntsville was becoming a mill town.

Museums
• U.S. Space & Rocket Center [115] is home to the U.S. Space Camp and Aviation Challenge programs as well as the only Saturn V rocket designated a National Historic Landmark. • Alabama Constitution Village [116] features eight reconstructed Federal style buildings, with living-museums displays downtown. • Burritt Museum and Park [117] located on Monte Sano Mountain Mountain, is a

The U.S. Space & Rocket Center exhibits a Saturn I (left, behind trees) and a much larger (and farther back) Saturn V mock-up along with a number of other rockets illustrating the history of United States space exploration. A simulator in the foreground was built from an adapter cone from the flight model Saturn V (not pictured). regional history museum featuring a 1930s mansion, nature trails, scenic overlooks and more.

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• Clay House Museum [118] is an antebellum home built ca. 1853 and showcases decorative styles up to 1950 and an outstanding collection of Noritake Porcelain. • Early Works Museum [119] is a child friendly interactive museum in downtown Huntsville. • Harrison Brothers Hardware Store [120] established in 1879, is the oldest operating hardware store in Alabama. Though now owned and operated by the Historic Huntsville Foundation [121], it is still a working store, and part museum featuring skilled craftsmen who volunteer to run the store and answer questions. • The Historic Huntsville Depot [122] completed in 1860 is the oldest surviving railroad depot in Alabama and one of the oldest surviving depots in the United States. • Huntsville Museum of Art [123] in Big Spring International Park offers permanent displays, traveling exhibitions, and educational programs for children and adults. • Sci-Quest [124] is an interactive premiere hands-on museum for early childhood education, aged four through sixth grade. • North Alabama Railroad Museum [125] is a railroad museum with over 30 pieces of rolling stock.

Huntsville, Alabama
• Land Trust of Huntsville & North Alabama is a member supported, non-profit organization dedicated to the conservation of the natural heritage of the area, and has preserved more than 5,000 acres (20 km2) of open space, wildflower areas, wetlands, working farms and scenic vistas in North Alabama, including 1,000+ acres (4.0 km²) of the Monte Sano Preserve (Monte Sano Mountain), 1,000+ acres (4.0 km²) of the Blevins Gap Preserve (Huntsville & Green Mountains), and 813 acres (3.29 km2) of the Wade Mountain Preserve. Volunteers have created and maintain 33+ miles (53+ km) of public trails - all of which are within the Huntsville city limits.[129] • The Lydia Gold Skatepark, located at 200 Cleveland Avenue, NW (behind the Historic Huntsville Depot, between Church and Meridian Streets) is a free venue open to the public from sunup until sundown. In 2003, it was dedicated to the late Lydia Leigh Gold (1953-1993), an area skateboarding activist in the 1980s and the former owner of “Tattooed Lady Comics and Skateboards.”[130]

Festivals
• Big Spring Jam is an annual three-day music festival held on the last full weekend of September in and around Big Spring International Park in downtown Huntsville. It features a diversity of music including rock, country, Christian, kidfriendly, and oldies. • The Panoply Arts Festival, an annual Huntsville tradition since 1981, is presented by The Arts Council and held the last full weekend of each April in and around downtown’s Big Spring International Park. This three-day festival features presentations, demonstrations, performances, and workshops while promoting and enhancing the arts. Over the years, Panoply has evolved into the South’s Most All-Embracing ARTStravaganza, featuring activities and events like the “Global Village” – a gateway to the area’s diverse cultures – to free hands-on children’s activities to the “Official Alabama State Fiddling Championship.” Panoply had a record attendance of about 150,000 in 2008. The Southeast Tourism Society consistently

Parks
• Monte Sano State Park [126] has over 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) and features hiking and bicycling trails, rustic cabins built by the Civilian Conservation Corps, campsites, full RV hook-ups, and a recently reconstructed lodge.[127] • Big Spring Park is a park in downtown Huntsville that is centered around a natural spring (Big Spring). The park contains the Huntsville Museum of Art and is home to festivals such as the Panoplr Art Festival and the Big Spring Jam. There are many fish that live in the spring’s niche. There is also a waterfall and a constantly-lit gas torch. Many Huntsvilleians enjoy walking around and spending time at the park. • Huntsville Botanical Garden features educational programs, woodland paths, broad grassy meadows and stunning floral collections.[128]

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ranks the festival among their “Top Twenty Events” and Gov. Bob Riley announced it as one of Alabama’s Top Ten Tourism Events for 2007. • The June Black Arts Festival[15] is the largest two-day ethnic festival in the Huntsville area. From the performing to the visual arts, it provides a glimpse of the wealth of talent among local, regional & national entertainers & artists within the black community. Begun in 1990 by veteran Huntsville broadcaster Hundley Batts, Sr., the first 17 events were held at the grounds surrounding the WEUP studio complex. Because of parking and traffic considerations, the festival (beginning with 2007) is now held on the grounds of Alabama A&M University, near the Louis Crews Stadium. • Con†Stellation is an annual generalinterest science fiction convention.[16] Con†Stellation (also written as Con*Stellation) is generally held over a Friday-Sunday weekend in September each year (as of 2009) but exact dates vary.

Huntsville, Alabama
• The Ledges is Huntsville’s newest golf community with 18 holes, dining and banquet facilities overlooking Jones Valley. • Valley Hill Country Club features 27 holes in South Huntsville’s Jones Valley.

Libraries
• The Huntsville Madison County Public Library[17] founded in 1818, is Alabama’s oldest continually operating library system with 12 branches throughout the county including one bookmobile. The Main Library Archives contains a wealth of historical resources, including displays of photographic collections and artifacts, has Alabama’s highest materials circulation rate, and features daily public programs.

Performing arts
• Flying Monkey Arts is located in the historic Lowe Mill, and hosts a variety of events such as the traditional Cigar Box Guitar festival and the edgy Sex Workers’ Art Show. The Flying Monkey is home to a variety of artists and shops including Crash Boom Bang Theatre, the Vertical House Record Store, Susan Knecht Glass Studio, Karma Rags, Virago, Happy Tummy, and many more. • Huntsville Symphony Orchestra[18] is Alabama’s oldest continuously operating professional symphony orchestra, featuring high quality performances of classical, pops and family concerts, and extensive music education programs serving public schools. • Fantasy Playhouse is Huntsville’s oldest children’s theater, with over 46 years of performing for the young and young at heart. An all volunteer organization, Fantasy Playhouse engages the children of North Alabama both on stage and off. Fantasy Academy, the organization’s dance, music and art school, teaches hundreds of children and adults each year. Fantasy Playhouse regularly produces three plays a year with an additional play, A Christmas Carol produced in early December. • Theatre Huntsville, the result of a merger between Twickenham Repertory Company (1979-1997) and Huntsville Little Theatre (1950-1997), is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, allvolunteer arts organization that presents

Public golf courses
• Becky Pierce Municipal Golf Course, known locally as the "Muni", off Airport Road (named for the old airport, not near the current airport). • Sunset Landing Golf Club (located next to the airport) • Colonial Golf Course • Fox Run Golf Course • Redstone Arsenal Golf Course (Open to military ID holders) • Hampton Cove is one of the Robert Trent Jones Golf Trails, named after Hampton Cove, and features two championship 18-hole courses and one par three. (Owens Cross Roads, AL) • Harvest Hills Golf Course (Harvest, AL) • Chriswood Golf Course (Athens, AL) • Southern Gayles (Athens, AL) • Canebrake Club (Athens, AL)

Private golf courses
• Established in 1925, the historic Huntsville Country Club boasts a challenging 18-hole course with dining and banquet facilities located just North of downtown at 2601 Oakwood Avenue.

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six plays each season in the Von Braun Center Playhouse, and also produces the annual "Shakespeare on the Mountain" in an outdoor venue, such as Burritt on the Mountain. Presentations range from such popular favorites as "The Foreigner" and "Noises Off" to original plays ("The Trial of Frank James in Huntsville, Alabama") to cutting-edge productions, including "Mrs. Bob Cratchit’s Wild Christmas Binge," "The Laramie Project" and "Angels in America," to the occasional musical ("Little Shop of Horrors," "Nunsense") and local works. • Independent Musical Productions, was founded in 1993 and presents at least one annual main production such as "Ragtime", "Civil War", "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum", "Into The Woods", and "Big River". In addition, musicals for children and outreach programs compliment the season. Productions are held at the local Lee High School Theatre for purposes of cost, parking, outreach, seating capacity and technical venue attributes afforded by the school. • Plays are also performed at Renaissance Theatre With two stages, (upstairs) MainStage and (downstairs) Alpha Stage each with the intimate setting of about 85 seats. Formerly the commissary building for the historic Lincoln Mill Village, the theatre is just north of downtown. Performances range from original works to standards, and have included the regional première of "The Maltese Falcon" (April 2008); "La Cage Au Folles", "Urinetown", "The Rocky Horror Show", "The Book of Liz" and "The Reindeer Monologues". • Theatre, music and dance can be seen atMerrimack Hall Merrimack Hall was home to the Company Store and became the central hub of the village, providing a place for socialization and recreation to all of the village’s residents. With renovations complete in June of 2007, Merrimack Hall Performing Arts Center now includes a 300-seat, state-of-the-art performance hall, a 3,000 square foot dance studio, and rehearsal and instructional spaces for musicians. At any given time such varied productions including "Menopause: The Musical", "Dixie’s Tupperware Party", and "Motherhood" can be seen. Past

Huntsville, Alabama
performers include Billy Bob Thornton, Claire Lynch, Step Afrika!, and Second City Comedy Troupe. • Huntsville hosts a season of broadway productions hosted by the Broadway Theatre League Such shows as "Rent", "Chicago", "Sweeney Todd", "Spamalot", and "Chitty Chitty Bang Bang" along with season extras such as "Happy Days" and "The Rat Pack" have been performed with featured performers in the Von Braun Center’s Concert Hall. • Ars Nova School of the Arts is a local conservatory for music and performing arts. Ars Nova also produces musical theatre and opera for the local stage. • Huntsville Community Chorus Association is Huntsville’s oldest performing arts organization, producing both choral concerts and musical theater productions. In addition, HCCA features its Madrigal Singers; "Glitz!" (a show choir); a Chamber Chorale; an annual summer melodrama; and two children’s groups, the Huntsville Community Children’s Chorus (HC3) and HC3Jr, for the younger set.

Convention centers and arenas
• The Von Braun Center, which opened in 1975, has an arena capable of seating 10,000, a 2,000-seat concert hall, a 500-seat playhouse, and 150,000 square feet (14,000 m2) of convention space.

Other
• The National Speleological Society[19] is headquartered in Huntsville on Cave Street. • The Von Braun Astronomical Society[20] has two observatories and a planetarium on 10 acres (40,000 m²) in Monte Sano State Park.

Sports
• Rocket City United - National Premier Soccer League (NPSL) • Huntsville Stars - Southern League (Class AA) baseball for Milwaukee Brewers • Huntsville Havoc - Southern Professional Hockey League (SPHL) • Huntsville Speedway - NASCAR sanctioned stock car racing • Tennessee Valley Vipers - arenafootball2

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• Dixie Derby Girls Roller Derby League Women’s Flat Track Roller Derby • Huntsville hosts the annual AHSAA State Soccer Championship tournament finals in mid-May at the Huntsville Soccer Complex • Alabama A&M Bulldogs (NCAA D-I/I-AA, SWAC) and UAH Chargers (NCAA D-II, GSC & CHA) athletics • Huntsville Rugby Club - USA Rugby South (DIVIII) • Oakwood College Ambassadors Men’s College Basketball (USCAA Div. 1) • Tennessee Valley Tigers[131] Independent Women’s Football League

Huntsville, Alabama
Locker Dancers who would appear on Soul Train during the 1970s Bo Bice, American Idol runner-up David B. Birney, Union Army general and son of James G. Birney James G. Birney, Southern abolitionist leader and presidential candidate of the Liberty Party (anti-slavery) in 1840 and 1845 William Birney, Union Army general and son of James G. Birney Michael E. Brown, noted astronomer José Canseco, Major League slugger, played for the Huntsville Stars, where he was nicknamed "Parkway Jose" for his many home runs Stewart Cink, PGA tour golfer Robert E. Cramer, former Congressman representing Alabama’s 5th Congressional District Thomas Turpin Crittenden, Union Army general Howard Cross, All-American tight end for the University Of Alabama and New York Giants Kenneth Darby, former star running back for the University of Alabama Dr. Julian Davidson, best known as the "Father" of Missile Defense; chairman of the board, Davidson Technologies Incorporated Clifton Davis, Grammy Award-winner for the Jackson Five song "Never Can Say Goodbye", actor, singer and television show host Dr. Jan Davis, former astronaut; among crew on three Space Shuttle missions in 1992, 1994, and 1997 Michael Durant, CW4 (Ret) Black Hawk Pilot, 160th Special Operations Group, New York Times bestselling author Bobby Eaton, professional wrestler Albert Russel Erskine, famed chairman of the Studebaker Corp. Andrew Jackson Hamilton, appointed Union military governor of Texas (with rank of general) by Abraham Lincoln (1862) and appointed Reconstruction governor of Texas by Andrew Johnson (1865-66) Cully Hamner, comic book artist Heartland, country music band John S. Hendricks, founder and chairman of the Discovery Channel Homer Hickam, author

• • •

• • •

Past sports franchises
• Alabama Hawks (1968-69) (Continental Football League) • Huntsville Lasers (1991-92) (Global Basketball Association) • Huntsville Blast (1993-94) (East Coast Hockey League) • Huntsville Fire (1997-98) (Eastern Indoor Soccer League) • Huntsville Channel Cats/Huntsville Tornado (1995-2001, 2003-04) (Southern Hockey League 1995-96; Central Hockey League 1996-2001; South East Hockey League 2003-04) • Huntsville Flight (2001-05) (NBA Development League) • Tennessee Valley Raptors (2005) (United Indoor Football league) • •

• •

• •

•

Stadiums
• • • • Joe Davis Stadium Goldsmith-Schiffman Field Milton Frank Stadium Louis Crews Stadium

•

•

Notable residents and famous natives
Main category: People from Huntsville, Alabama • Tallulah Bankhead, famous actress • William B. Bankhead, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1936-1940; father of Tallulah Bankhead; the local Bankhead Parkway is named in his honor • Fred "Rerun" Berry, best known as "Rerun" in the "What’s Happening" television sitcom; also a member of the

• • •

• • • •

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• Hallerin Hilton Hill, award winning songwriter, talk radio host, former station manager of WOCG radio, author of "Seven Pillars of Wisdom". • Margaret Hoelzer, 2004 and 2008 Olympic swimmer • Bill Holbrook, nationally published artist of the newspaper comic strip "On the Fastrack" • Dave James, 1987 graduate of Virgil I. Grissom High School and QVC host since May 2005[21][22] - the only QVC host in program history to be voted into position by viewers during the "America’s Host Search" held in 2004, beating over 4,000 contestants in the nationwide contest. • Buck Johnson, former University of Alabama and Houston Rockets basketball star • Jimmy Key, former MLB All-Star pitcher with the Toronto Blue Jays and New York Yankees. • Clarke Lewis, was a United States Representative from Mississippi. • Rev. Dr. Joseph Lowery, respectfully dubbed the "dean of the Civil Rights Movement" by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a Huntsville native, and cofounded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) with the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. • Dr. William R. Lucas, rocket scientist and former Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center • Mark McGwire, Major League slugger, got his start with the Huntsville Stars • Brian McKnight, Grammy Award-winning singer and writer • Jimmy Means, NASCAR driver • Don Mincher, born in Huntsville, major league baseball player[23] and president of the Southern League • John Hunt Morgan, general in the Army of the Confederate States of America • Amobi Okoye, defensive lineman for the Houston Texans • Edward A. O’Neal, governor of Alabama 1882-86; he was a major and lieutenant colonel in the Army of the Confederate States of America • Chris O’Neil, 1986 Goodwill Games gold medalist in Swimming (100 meter butterfly)[24] • John Piersma, 1996 Olympic swimmer

Huntsville, Alabama
• Brian Reynolds, game developer best known for designing Sid Meier’s Civilization II • Ramzee Robinson, former star cornerback for the University of Alabama • Debby Ryan, actress best known for her role as Bailey Pickett in Disney Channel original series The Suite Life on Deck • Dred Scott, slave who fought for his freedom lived on what is now known as Oakwood University • Bryan Shelton, professional tennis player • Mark Spencer, creator of the open source Gaim instant messenger, and the Asterisk open source PBX • John Stallworth, former Pittsburgh Steelers player and 2002 inductee into the Pro Football Hall of Fame • Gabby Street, born in Huntsville, major league baseball player[23] • Take 6, Grammy Award-winning gospel group formed in Huntsville • Harry Townes, 1914-2001, actor who appeared on Broadway, in movies, and on television • Dr. Wernher von Braun, German rocket scientist, "father of American space program" • Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia founder • Leroy Pope Walker, first Secretary of War of the Confederate States of America and briefly a brigadier general in the Confederate Army • Mervyn Warren, five-time Grammy-awardwinning recording artist, film composer, record producer, songwriter/arranger, and an original member of Take 6 • Jones M. Withers, major general in the army of the Confederate States of America

Hospitals
• Huntsville Hospital System • Crestwood Medical Center

Suburbs
• • • • • • • • • Athens Brownsboro East Limestone Gurley Harvest Hazel Green Lacey’s Spring Madison Meridianville

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• • • • • • • • Monrovia Moores Mill New Hope New Market Owens Cross Roads Redstone Arsenal (U.S. Army post) Toney Triana

Huntsville, Alabama

[11] "Filming Locations for Like Moles, Like Rats (2007)". Internet Movie Database. http://imdb.com/title/tt0825279/ locations. Retrieved on 2007-01-05. [12] "Filming Locations for Air Band or How I Hated Being Bobby Manelli’s Blonde Headed Friend (2005)". Internet Movie Database. http://imdb.com/title/ tt0480792/locations. Retrieved on 2007-01-05. [13] "Filming Locations for Constellation Huntsville’s sister cities include: (2005)". Internet Movie Database. • Tainan City, Taiwan[25] http://imdb.com/title/tt0315431/ locations. Retrieved on 2007-01-05. [14] Huntsville City Schools [15] 103. FM, WEUP radio 1. USA Today article on Huntsville tornadoes [16] "Con*Stellation, a Science Fiction 2. NWS report convention". http://www.con[1] ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population stellation.org. for Incorporated Places in Alabama, [17] Huntsville Madison County Public Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to Library July 1, 2006" (CSV). 2007 Population [18] Huntsville Symphony Orchestra Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, [19] National Speleological Society (NSS) Population Division. June 28, 2007. [20] Von Braun Astronomical Society http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/ [21] for high school graduation year tables/SUB-EST2006-04-01.csv. [22] for qvc contest Retrieved on June 28 2007. [23] ^ Reichler, Joseph L., ed (1979) [1969]. [2] "Find a County". National Association of The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition Counties. http://www.naco.org/ ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ 0-02-578970-8. ISBN cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved [24] "1986 Swimming - Men’s Competition". on 2008-01-31. Goodwill Games. [3] Helion Lodge #1, Huntsville, Alabama http://www.goodwillgames.com/html/ [4] ^ NASA MSFC Notes on the History of past_1986swimming.html. Huntsville [25] "Sister Cities". Tainan City Government. [5] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". http://www.tncg.gov.tw/ United States Census Bureau. tour.asp?sub1=01&sub2=0B&lang=E. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ Retrieved on 2008-08-19. www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [6] Huntsville now abuts Athens- al.com [7] "American FactFinder". United States • City of Huntsville Census Bureau. • Convention and Visitors Bureau http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on • Chamber of Commerce 2008-01-31. [8] Peck, John (May 17, 2007). "Project to • Huntsville, Alabama is at coordinates pump $150M into Heart of Huntsville". 34°42′44″N 86°35′47″W / 34.712341°N The Huntsville Times. http://www.al.com/ 86.596296°W / 34.712341; -86.596296 news/huntsvilletimes/index.ssf?/base/ (Huntsville, Alabama)Coordinates: news/1179393736245110.xml&coll=1. 34°42′44″N 86°35′47″W / 34.712341°N [9] TVA’s Bellefonte Site Selected by 86.596296°W / 34.712341; -86.596296 National Nuclear Consortium (Huntsville, Alabama) [10] Arbitron Rating of radio markets

Sister cities References

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huntsville,_Alabama"

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Huntsville, Alabama

Categories: Cities in Alabama, Madison County, Alabama, Limestone County, Alabama, Former United States state capitals, Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area, Huntsville, Alabama, County seats in Alabama, Settlements established in 1805 This page was last modified on 14 May 2009, at 12:12 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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