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Walking Surfaces Walk the Talk

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safety

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									Walking Surfaces Walk the Talk



          Don't fall down from the Walk


         P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
       One
       in
       Five
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
     Walking, Working Surfaces
• Quiz: Name three walking, working surfaces.




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                         Answer
•   Floors
•   Ladders
•   Stairways
•   Platforms
•   Walkways
•   Scaffolding



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                         QUIZ
• NAME THREE TYPES
  OF LADDERS.

  FIXED

  STEP

  EXTENSION



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    Which of the following will you not
      find on an extension ladder?
•   STEP
•   RUNG
•   CLEAT
•   FEET




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               DEFINITIONS
• Floor Hole- opening measuring less than 12
  inches and more than 1 inch.
• Floor Opening- opening measuring more than
  12 inches.
• Handrail- a pipe or single bar supported on
  brackets, as on a stairway or ramp, to furnish
  persons a handhold.


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Platform- an elevated working surface above the
surrounding floor or ground.

Toeboard- a verticle barrier constructed at the
edge of a runway, floor opening, platform or
ramp to prevent falls of materials. (4 inches)

Riser- The upright member of a step situated at
the back of the lower tread and at the leading
edge of the next higher tread.

Tread- the horizontal member
of a step.




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Ladders: an appliance consisting of two side
rails joined at regular intervals by cross pieces
called steps, rungs, or cleats, on which a person
may step either descending or ascending.

Types: Stepladder
           Single Ladder
           Extension Ladder
           Sectional Ladder
           Trestle Ladder
           Trolley Ladder
           Side Rolling Ladder




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Railings- a barrier constructed along the edges of
a floor opening, ramp, platform or runway to
prevent falls of persons.
           Top Rail- 39- 42 inches high
           Mid Rail- midway between floor and top rail
           Vertical Member- every 8 feet.
           Must be able to withstand 200 pounds of
      pressure.

Pitch- the angle between the horizontal and the
ladder, measured on the opposite side of the
ladder from the climbing side.




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Rungs- ladder cross pieces of circular or oval
cross-section on which a person steps ascending
or descending.

Cleats- ladder cross pieces of rectangular cross-
section placed on edge on which a person steps
ascending or descending.

Steps- flat cross pieces of a ladder on which a
person may step ascending or descending.

Cage- a guard or basket guard fastened to a fixed
ladder to encircle the climber to prevent falls- 7’.




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Guardrail- a rail secured to uprights and erected
along the exposed sides and ends of platforms.

Scaffold- any temporary elevated platform and its
supporting structure used to support workmen or
materials or both.




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         General Requirements
• Housekeeping:
  – All places of employment, passageways,
    storerooms, and service rooms shall be kept clean,
    orderly and sanitary.
  – Floors must be kept clean and dry. Where wet
    processes are used drains shall be maintained and
    false floors, mats or other dry standing places
    should be provided.
  – Working surfaces shall be kept clear of protruding
    nails, splinters, holes or loose boards

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        Aisles and Passageways
• Sufficient, safe clearances must be maintained
  for aisles, at loading docks, through doorways
  and wherever turns or passage must be made.
• Aisles and passageways shall be kept clear and
  in good repairs, with no obstructions across or
  in aisles that could create hazards.
• Permanent aisles and passageways must be
  marked.

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         Covers and Guardrails
• Covers and/or guardrails must be provided to
  protect personnel from the hazards of open
  pits, tanks, vats, ditches, etc.




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Guarding Floor and Wall Openings
• Any floor opening must be protected as
  follows:
  – Stairway openings by guardrails.
  – Ladderway or platform openings by guardrails.
  – Hatches or chutes by one of the following:
     •   Hinged floor opening cover.
     •   Removable guard rail with toeboard.
     •   Skylights by skylight screen or railing.
     •   Pits, manholes, temporary openings, etc. by covers or
         railings.

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Fixed Stairs
                       • Fixed stairs shall be
                         provided for access
                         from one level to
                         another where regular
                         travel between levels
                         is anticipated.
                       • Stairs must:
                              – Be able to carry a load
                                five times expected
                                load.

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•Have a minimum width of 22 inches.

•Be installed at angles to the horizontal of between 30 and 50
   degrees. For example:

   Angle to Horizontal                 Rise ( inches) Tread Run (inches)

       30 degrees                            6½                 11
       40 degrees                             8                  9½
       49 degrees                            9½                  8

•Treads and nosings shall be slip resistant.

•Stairway platforms shall be no less the width of the stairs and
at least 30 inches in length.

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•Railings shall be applied on the open side.

•Handrails shall be provided on at least one side of a closed
 stairway, preferably the right side-descending. Sorry all
you left handers.

•Vertical overhead clearance shall be at least seven feet.




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       Portable Wood Ladders
• Stepladders more than 20 feet shall not be
  supplied.
• Step spacing cannot be more than 12 inches.
• Minimum width between side rails at the top
  shall not be less than 11 ½ inches. From top
  to bottom side rails shall spread at least 1
  inch for every foot of length of the
  stepladder.

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•Single ladders longer than 30 feet shall not
          be used.
•Two section extension ladders shall not be
          longer than 60 feet.
•Ladders must be maintained in good shape
          at all times, joints must be tight, all
          hardware must be securely attached
          and moveable parts operate freely
          without binding.
•Safety feet shall be used and kept in good
          condition.




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•Never paint wood ladders.


•Question: When using a portable extension
         extension ladder, how does one figure
         the pitch-or angle the ladder must be
         placed on the wall?




ANSWER- The horizontal distance from the
top support to the foot of the ladder must be
one quarter of the working length of the
ladder or 1 foot from the wall for every 4 feet
of height.




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•Tops of stepladders shall not be used as steps.
•No ladder can be used to access to a roof unless
           the ladder extends at least 3 feet above the
           roof or surface.
•Portable stepladders fall into the following
categories:
•Type I- Industrial Stepladder, 3 to 20 feet,
for heavy duty use such as contractors or
industrial use.
Type II- Commercial Stepladder, 3 to 12 feet,
medium duty use such as painters or offices.
Type III- Household stepladder, 3 to 6 feet,
for light duty, such as light household use.




                           P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
             Primary Causes of
            Fall-Related Fatalities
• Unprotected sides, edges and holes
• Improperly constructed
  walking/working surfaces
• Improper use of access equipment
• Failure to properly use PFAS
• Slips and Trips (housekeeping)


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P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
       Read the Warning Labels
• Labels are there for a reason!




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P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
              Competent Person

• A competent person is someone
  who:
  – Is capable of identifying existing and
    predictable hazards in the
    surroundings or working conditions
    that are unsanitary, hazardous, or
    dangerous to employees, and
  – Has the authorization to take
    prompt corrective measures to
    eliminate them
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       Incident Free
•   Planning
•   Training
•   Inspection
•   Oversight
•   Lessons learned
•   Re-evaluate

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P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                         Holes
• Covers
• Guardrails




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         Fall
       Hazards




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               Access Ways
• Offset guardrails are recommended
• Watch for tripping hazards at tops of ladders
  and stairs




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           Slip & Trip Hazards
            - Housekeeping!
• Watch trip hazards
• Here trash creates a trip hazard for everyone
  in the building




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   Walking Risks are Everywhere
Are you aware of your surroundings




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