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Slip trip and Falls are Planned

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					    S.T.F. (slips trips falls )
                are
             Planned
Just like hazard assessments

      How is your planning
        PREVENTION !



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             What’s the problem ?

• It is the #1 leading cause of injury

• STF’s represent 20% of all COV claims

• Total incurred costs of these claims:




                                 $41,543,173 +
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     Slip, Trip and Fall Claims Breakdown
•   Different Level       3172 (32%)
•   Same Level            2278 (23%)
•   Liquid & Spills 1359 (14%)
•   Ice / Snow            1192 (12%)
•   Stairs                698 (7%)
•   Misc                  647 (7%)
•   Slip / No Fall        263 (3%)
•   Ladder / Scaffold     145 (1%)
•   Floor Openings        122 (1%)
                        9,876
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    Ways to prevent slips, trips, and falls:
• Designing the workplace and work processes

• Good housekeeping; maintaining clear pathways

• Safe walking practices

• Wearing proper footwear

• Falling “properly”




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Workplace/Work Process Design

   Apply slip-resistant coating or strips.




                                      Skid-resistant coating on ramp.
        Slip-resistant                Note highlighted edges for better
       strips on steps                visibility to prevent walking off
                                      ramp and falling.
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• Contain work processes to prevent discharge, splatter, or spillage of liquids,
  oils, particles, dusts, etc. onto floor.


     – local exhaust ventilation
     – extraction/collection systems
     – enclosures
     – work surfaces with raised or lipped
       edges
     – catch/drip pans, drain offs
                                                             Sander with dust collection system



• Use drip trays to prevent or contain leaks of lubricant onto
  the floor from machinery; perform regularly scheduled
  maintenance to keep in good condition.
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  Have adequate ventilation to keep
  oil, steam condensation, water
  and grease off floor.




Provide adequate lighting to
keep work areas, aisles, and
paths of travel well lit.

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              Workplace/Work Process Design

                                      Mark/highlight step edges and transition
                                      areas (changes in elevations). Use anti-skid
                                      paint.




Step edges are highlighted for
better visibility to prevent a
misstep and fall down the            Confusing the bottom
stairs.                              step with the floor is a
                                     common occurrence
                                     when it’s not marked.
                                     No missing the last step
                                     here.

Make sure stairs have sufficient lighting and
hand rails.
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              Workplace/Work Process Design




Provide effective floor draining
where water on the floor will occur



             Install slip-resistant floors in high risk
             areas (entrances, kitchens).
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      Workplace/Work Process Design

         Use slip-/skid- resistant matting




Skid-resistant, anti-fatigue mats in kitchen and food preparation
       areas. Worker is also wearing slip-resistant shoes.
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             Workplace/Work Process Design




                                                          Highlight or mark slip and trip
                                                          hazards for better visibility.


Wheelchair accessible curb leading to
building entrance is highlighted and
the surface is dimpled for better
visibility and traction.




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        Maintaining Work Areas: Housekeeping

                            Housekeeping
• Keep walkways, aisles, and stairs
  clear of materials, equipment, and
  other hazards.

• Cover or secure (or suspend
  overhead on construction sites)
  cables, cords, wires, and hoses
  away from walkways and other
  paths of travel.
                                                        Pathway is clearly marked and free
                                                                 of obstructions.
• Make sure rugs or mats are flat
  and not bunched up.
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      Maintaining Work Areas: Housekeeping


                                        • Securely fasten unanchored loose
                                          rugs or mats with skid-resistant
                                          backing and carpet tape.

                                        • Close desk, cabinet, and file drawers
                                          and doors immediately after each
                                          use.


Organized and tidy work space
                                        • Keep the floor around work spaces
                                          free of boxes, cords, cables,
                                          materials, and other objects.

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      Maintaining Work Areas: Housekeeping

                      Floor/Work Surface Care

• Keep floors clean and free of water,
  mud, grease, debris, etc, and damage.

• Clean spills immediately. Mop or
  sweep up any debris.

• Repair any damages immediately, or
  replace if necessary.

• Cone or block off area until surface is                    Note: When mopping, avoid
  completely dry or repaired before                          spreading the spillage and
  allowing people to walk through the                        thus increasing the area of
  area.                                                      contamination.


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        Maintaining Work Areas: Housekeeping

Clean surfaces according to recommended schedules. Follow cleaning and
drying methods and procedures, using appropriate cleaning products.




                             Use an adequate number of
                             highly visible wet floor signs or
                             cones.




              Remove signs and cones when area is dry.
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                Safe Walking Practices

• Pay attention to your surroundings. Look where you are going when
  you walk. Watch for slip and trip hazards in your work area and
  wherever you walk.


                               • Walk, don’t run or rush. Give
                                   yourself enough time.

                               • Do not engage in activities that
                                   distract your attention. Do not read,
                                   write, or work while you are walking.

                               • Use the handrails when climbing or
                                   descending the stairs. Do not rush
                                   and skip steps.

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                  Safe Walking Practices

• Check that your pathway is clear and your
  view is not blocked before you lift anything.

• Don’t carry a load you can’t see over or
  around. Use a cart. Carry small loads
  close to your body.

• When going to another floor/level, take the
  elevator if you are carrying a load requiring
  both hands.

• Report any missing or broken stair rails
  and slippery or damaged flooring, loose or
  deteriorating carpeting. Repair or report
  floor problems, such as missing tiles.

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Safe Walking Practices

                  • Walk carefully and slowly when you
                    transition from one type of walking
                    surface to another. Adjust your
                    walking (pace, stride).

                  • Take extra care when you come
                    indoors with wet shoes or boots.

                  • Slow down and take small careful
                    steps if the surface is uneven,
                    cluttered, slippery or at an angle.

                  • Wear stable shoes with non-slip soles.


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                 Safe Walking Practices

If you must walk on a slippery or wet surface, do the following:

• Wear high traction footwear

• Take short, slow steps

• Point your feet slightly outward to keep your
  center of balance under you

• Pay attention to the surface you are walking
  on

• Hold on to railings or other stable objects
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      Mounting/Dismounting Equipment Safely

• Clean footwear of mud, snow, ice, grease,
  or any other contamination.

• Make sure running board, tread, step,
  foothold, and platform of equipment are
  also clean and dry of any contamination.

• Always face equipment when mounting
  and dismounting.

• Have a good hand-hold before stepping
  up.
                                                                    Clean shoes
• Place your foot on the step or foothold                           Clean foothold and step
  just in front of your heel, under the arch.                       Proper foot placement on
                                                                          step and foothold


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     Mounting/Dismounting Equipment Safely




                                               Courtesy of Construction Safety Association of Ontario


     • Maintain three-point contact at all times while getting onto/off of the
            equipment until reaching ground, cab, or stable platform.
                                     – one hand, two feet
              Three-point contact:
                                     – two hands, one foot

• Do not jump off when dismounting or getting off the bed of a truck or other part
  of the equipment. Step down carefully while facing equipment (reverse order of
  the pictures above).     P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
        Climbing/Descending Ladders Safely

Follow the same procedures for mounting and dismounting equipment as
for climbing and descending ladders.

    • Clean footwear of mud & debris.
    • Clean and dry rungs or steps.
    • Face the ladder at all times.
    • Have a good hand-hold before stepping
      up.
    • Place your foot on the step or rung just
      in front of your heel, under the arch.
    • Maintain three-point contact.
    • Do not jump off ladder; step down
      carefully.

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                    Wearing Proper Shoes

Wearing proper shoes can help prevent or reduce the risk of a slip, trip,
and fall incident.


• Footwear should fit snugly and comfortably.

• Wear slip-resistant shoes/boots with good
  tread.
• Keep your footwear clean and in good
  condition at all times.
• Inspect regularly for any damage; repair or                           Don’t wear shoes with:
  replace worn or defective footwear.
                                                                        • Leather or smooth-
• Replace shoes or soles before                                           surfaced soles
  soles become worn smooth.                                             • Spiked/high heels
                                                                        • Taps on heels

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                           Wearing Proper Shoes

Wear shoes with slip-resistant soles or traction devices when walking or working on
surfaces that are wet, greasy, icy, or other-wise slick (e.g., in kitchen areas,
performing custodial work).




                               No footwear has anti-slip
                               properties for every condition so
                               make sure that the proper type of              Slip-resistant traction
                               footwear is selected for the work              devices for snow and
                               conditions and for the type of                 ice that fit over the
                                                                              soles
                               flooring or walking/working
                               surface.

Steel-toed safety boots with
oil-resistant soles
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                       Wearing Proper Shoes

The table below shows some types of soles with increased traction properties.
Consult with footwear manufacturers or your safety supplier for advice and
assistance in selecting the appropriate type of footwear for your work place.



      Type of Sole                                 Traction Properties
neoprene soles                    work well on both wet and dry surfaces
microcellular urethane,
                        the least slippery on level wet floors
rubber soles
                                 best for rough concrete, not suggested for
crepe soles
                                 smooth tiled or wood surfaces
                                 working in a machine shop or other work area
oil-resistant soles              where there may be oil or other slippery
                                 substances on the floor
                            P traction does not substitute
 Wearing shoes with increasedbar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada for safe walking practices!
                     Falling Properly

If you do fall, you can reduce the chance of serious injury if you:


 Roll with the fall; don’t reach out. Let your
  body crumple and roll.

 Bend your elbows and knees and use
  your legs and arms to absorb the fall.

 Get medical attention after a fall to treat
  anything torn, sprained, or broken.



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   SIMPLY IT MEAN FOUR THINGS
• Plus always do your hazard assessments




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                                  Slips
Slip
-loss of balance caused by too little friction between
a person’s foot and a walking surface.

Common Causes:
   –   Wet or oily surfaces,
   –   Occasional spills,
   –   Weather hazards,
   –   Loose, unanchored rugs or mats, and
   –   Flooring or other walking surfaces that are worn.

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                                  Trips
Trip
    - hit an object, lose your balance and fall

Common Causes:
   –   Obstructed view
   –   Poor lighting
   –   Clutter in your way
   –   Wrinkled carpeting
   –   Uncovered cables
   –   Drawers not being closed
   –   Uneven (steps, thresholds) walking surfaces


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                                    Falls
Fall:
  - when you lose your balance & drop to the floor

There are three types of falls:
• Falls on the same level
   – Slip or trip immediately precedes fall to floor or walkway
• Falls to lower level
   – Falls are from platforms, docks, ladders, steps or stairs
• Jumps to lower level
   – An intentional jump from one level to another
   – Employee jumps off ladder, dock, equipment

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                   Prevention

•Good housekeeping

•Quality of walking surfaces (flooring)

•Selection of proper footwear

•Appropriate pace of work




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              Housekeeping
• Clean up spills immediately

• Mark spills and wet areas

• Mop or sweep debris from floor

• Remove obstacles from walkways

• Keep walkways free of clutter

• Secure mats, rugs and carpets
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                  Housekeeping

– Close file cabinet or storage drawers

– Cover cables that cross walkways

– Keep working areas and walkways well lit

– Replace burned out bulbs




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                           Flooring
Change or modify walking surfaces

   – Recoat or replace floors
   – Install mats
   – Pressure-sensitive abrasive strips
   – Abrasive-filled paint-on coating
   – Metal or synthetic decking




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                     Footwear
Conditions:
  – Floors - oily or wet
  – Considerable time outdoors

Advantages
  – Properly fitted
  – Increased comfort
  – Prevent fatigue
  – Improve safety

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What can YOU do to avoid slipping at work?

  • Take your time

  • Pay attention

  • Adjust stride to the task

  • Walk with feet pointed slightly outward

  • Make wide turns at corners.

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What can YOU do to avoid tripping at work?

• Sufficient lighting

• Portable lighting

• Watch where you are walking

• Carrying or pushing objects
   – obstructions, spills or objects lying on the floor


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               Inclement Weather

– Slow down to react to a change in traction

– Wearing slip-resistant shoes or overshoes
   • carry your work shoes

– Sunglasses
   • outdoors in ice and snow

– Treat walking surfaces

– Wet shoes on dry floors – Caution !
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        Report Hazards Immediately

If you cannot fix the hazard yourself then:

   – Immediately report the hazard

   – Alert or warn others in the area
      • Mark the area or stay there until help arrives

   – Hazards not fixed in a timely manner
      • Contact the agency Safety Officer


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Questions




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