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									1. ------IND- 2009 0250 RO- EN- ------ 20090518 --- --- PROJET



                             for the approval of the
                  General provisions regarding fire protection in
                         buildings and related facilities

       In accordance with the provisions of Article 17(2) of Law No 307/2006 regarding
fire protection,
       On the grounds of the provisions of Article 3(1) to (2) and Article 11(c) of
Government Decision No 1490/2004 for the approval of the Rules for organisation and
operation and the organisational chart of the General Inspectorate for Emergency
       Taking into consideration the provisions of Article 1 of Government Emergency
Ordinance No 221/2008 for establishing certain measures for reorganisation of the
central public administration, which establish the implementation of the Ministry of
Administration and Interior by reorganisation of the Ministry of Interior and
Administrative Reform,
       On the grounds of the provisions of Article 7(4) of Emergency Ordinance No 30
of 25 April 2007 regarding the reorganisation and operation of the Ministry of
Administration and Interior, approved with modifications by means of Law No 15 of
2008, with its subsequent modifications,

The vice Prime Minister, Minister of Administration and Interior, hereby issues the
following order:

       Article 1. We hereby approve the General provisions regarding fire protection
in buildings and related facilities, stipulated in the Annex.

      Article 2.The present order shall come into force 30 days after the date of its
publication in the Official Gazette of Romania - Part I.

        The present General provisions regarding fire protection of buildings and related
facilities have been adopted in accordance with the notification procedure stipulated by
Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and the Council, published in the Official
Journal L204 on 21 July 1998, regarding the procedure for exchanging information
relating to technical standards and regulations, amended by means of Directive 98/48/EC
of the European Parliament and the Council, published in the Official Journal L217 on 5
August 1998.

                                     DAN NICA



                                      CHAPTER I
                        AIM AND FIELD OF APPLICATION

      Article 1. The aim of the present general provisions regarding fire protection,
hereinafter referred to as general provisions, is to establish the minimum requirements
necessary to reduce the risk of fire and protect the users, intervention forces, goods and
the environment of buildings and related facilities.

      Article 2. The present general provisions shall apply during operation of the
following categories of buildings and related facilities:
      a) administrative buildings and spaces;
      b) multi-functional halls, libraries, design rooms in civil buildings;
      c) storage spaces, store rooms, archives in civil buildings;
      d) car parks, garages in civil buildings with no more than 10 parking spaces;
      e) spaces for preparing and serving food in civil buildings;
      f) access and intervention routes, fire-fighting lifts;
      g) facilities relating to buildings: electrical, heating, ventilation and air
         conditioning, gas, sanitary;
      h) buildings, spaces and rooms relating to fire protection systems and facilities

      Article 3. The categories of buildings and facilities stipulated in Article 2, which
belong to the types or areas of activity for which specific regulations are issued in
accordance with the law, shall not be subject to the present provisions.

       Article 4. The requirements of the present general provisions shall be applicable
for the entire operating period of the buildings and related facilities, regardless of the
holder of the ownership right.

       Article 5. The present provisions add specific requirements to the General norms
for fire protection and the technical regulations in the field of fire protection, which are
applicable to the operation of buildings and related facilities.

                             CHAPTER II
                                         Section 1
                         Administrative buildings and spaces

       Article 6. During the operation of rooms, compartments and spaces in
administrative buildings, measures must be taken to reduce the risk of fire as much as
possible by limiting the quantities of combustible materials and any potential sources of
ignition to that which is strictly necessary.

       Article 7. It is prohibited to store materials or set up lockers on staircases, under
flights of stairs, in attics and in basements.
       Article 8. A maximum total quantity of 25 litres of flammable liquids may be
kept in administrative buildings, in closed metallic containers and in places that are
specially designated to enable cleaning, hygiene, disinfection and pest control.
       Article 9. (1) It is prohibited to clean the floor with petrol, benzine or other
flammable liquids.
       (2) The cleaning operation can only be carried out using materials especially
intended for this purpose, in daylight and in accordance with the instructions issued by
the manufacturer, and also according to the following rules and measures:
              a) smoking and any open-flame activities are prohibited for the entire
       duration of the activity;
              b) all electric equipment and electric lighting must be switched off, and the
       use of natural or liquefied gas must be discontinued;
              c) the required ventilation must be provided.
       Article 10. It is prohibited to use faulty or makeshift domestic appliances such as
radiators, heating plates or irons in offices, pantries and other rooms in these buildings.
       Article 11(1) Smoking and the use of open flames, as well as the use of open-
flame lighting equipment, is prohibited in spaces where administrative activities are
carried out, in attics, basements and other places that pose a risk of fire in the buildings
where these are located.
       Article 12(1) In spaces dedicated for administrative purposes, the activity must be
organised in order to avoid human overcrowding and overloading with furniture and
specific equipment that would slow down or block the exit in the event of a fire.
              (2) Waste paper from offices shall be collected in baskets and eliminated at
the end of the working day.
     Article 13. At the end of the working day, all domestic appliances and local
heating/ventilation/air-conditioning equipment shall be disconnected, artificial lighting
shall be switched off and the power supply to computers and other electrical equipment
that does not require continuous operation shall be discontinued.

                                      Section 2
                    Multi-functional halls, libraries, design rooms

      Article 14. The access of a larger number of users than that stipulated in the
design for multi-functional halls, libraries or design rooms is prohibited.
      Article 15. Smoking and the use of open flames in such rooms, as well as open-
flame lighting is prohibited.
       Article 16. In halls and rooms that are heated using stoves, the fuel supply shall
normally be discontinued before the users enter.
       Article 17. Ashtrays shall be provided in the designated smoking areas set up in
the foyers, halls and corridors of libraries and design rooms to collect cigarette butts and
matches, and shall be located at least 1.5 m away from curtains and nets.
       Article 18. All carpets, rugs and mats used in these rooms, in the corridors,
hallways, aisles and stairs shall be fixed to the floor in order to not slow down
evacuation of the users in the event of a fire.
       Article 19. When placing furniture inside this category of halls and rooms,
circulation corridors shall be created and appropriately sized, in accordance with the
requirements of the design document and the present provisions.
       Article 20. The following measures shall be ensured for multi-functional halls:
          a) all chairs and benches shall typically be fixed to the floor;
          b) when the surface area allocated to the user is larger than 2.5 m2/seat and the
              number of users is not larger than 20, it is admissible to use chairs that are
              not fixed to the floor;
          c) in halls that fall within the category of crowded halls, in which the surface
              area allocated to the user is smaller than 1.5m2/seat, all chairs and benches
              must be fixed to the floor;
          d) in halls with a capacity of more than 200 seats, the chairs and benches may
              not be fixed to the floor, providing that they are strengthened transversally,
              in groups of 5 chairs.
       Article 21. The following measures shall be taken into consideration for libraries:
              a) tables with a maximum of 8 seats shall be positioned with at least one
       side towards an exit corridor;
              b) rectangular tables positioned with the long side perpendicular to the exit
       corridors shall have no more than 8 seats on each side if they only have access to
       one corridor, and 16 seats, respectively, if they have access to two exit corridors.
       No chairs must be located at the ends of the tables on the exit corridors;
              c) if the number of seats on one side is higher than 3, between an exit
       corridor and the wall, or 6, between two exit corridors, access routes to the exit
       corridors shall be ensured, with a width of at least 0.45 m;
              d) the free width of the exit corridors shall be determined in relation to the
       number of users, according to the number of flows determined by calculation, and
       shall not be less than 0.90 m, or 0.80 m if folding chairs are used, respectively;
              e) the dimensions of the chairs shall also be taken into consideration when
       determining the free passage widths, being considered to be 0.15 m away from
       the edge of the table.
       Article 22. All books, registers, folders, manuscripts, cards and other similar
documents shall be stored on shelves or in piles, in rooms with suitable environmental
parameters and performance levels, so that they are away from ignition sources.
       Article 23. Clear spaces shall be ensured between the storage shelves or piles, to
enable easy access and exit if necessary.
       Article 24. To protect valuable goods, libraries must also be equipped and fitted
with the appropriate fire protection systems, facilities and equipment, in accordance
with the technical regulations.

      Article 25. When the respective halls fall within the category of crowded halls or
rooms with human overcrowding, the measures that are specific to the latter shall also
be complied with during their operation.

                                     Section 3
                      Store rooms and archives in civil buildings

      Article 26. The following requirements shall be complied with in store rooms and
        a) when placing hazardous materials, their specific behaviour in the event of a
           fire must be taken into consideration, both in terms of the possibility for
           them to interact with each other, and in terms of their compatibility with fire
           extinguishing products
        b) the compartments stipulated by design shall be maintained, and any changes
           can only be made on the basis of technical documentations drawn up in
           accordance with the specific regulations;
        c) flammable products shall be labelled and stored in places especially designed
           for this purpose, suitably marked and in the quantities stipulated in the
        d) textile products and other combustible materials shall be stored at least 1.00
           m away from any sources of heat, when these exist and are stipulated in the
        e) paper, books and archive documents shall be stored in piles or on shelves,
           making sure spaces and corridors are created for intervention in the event of
           a fire;
        f) when storing paper or archive documents on shelves or in piles, certain
           distances from lighting units and other facilities must be ensured, in
           accordance with the technical regulations;
        g) waste paper and packaging resulting from unpacking, sorting and delivery,
           shall be collected and removed from the storage spaces on a daily basis;
        h) all shelves and specific furniture shall be positioned so that the dimensions
           of the access and exit routes provided for the event of a fire are not reduced;
        i) products and materials must be stored so that they do not block or slow
           down the access to any primary intervention equipment;
        j) it is prohibited to block any doors located along exit routes with products
           and materials.
          Article 27. Access of unaccompanied unauthorised persons to the store rooms
and archives is prohibited.
          Article 28. It is prohibited to store liquefied petroleum gas bottles, pressurised
gas containers or any other materials that could cause explosions or fire in store rooms
or archives.
         Article 29(1) Any flammable paint and lacquers shall be kept in separate
rooms, in accordance with the requirements stipulated in the technical safety sheets,
away from moisture, sunlight, acids and gas emissions.
             (2) During storage, the instructions issued by the manufacturer and the
technical regulations must be complied with.
         Article 30. Incandescent lighting units in warehouses, archives and store
rooms shall be protected using protection bulbs and, when there is a possibility that they
might be knocked due to the nature of the activity carried out, protective shields shall
also be mounted.
          Article 31. It is prohibited to carry out open-flame activities inside these
rooms. When they cannot be avoided, these activities shall only be carried out on the
basis of a permit for working with fire issued in accordance with the General fire
protection norms.
          Article 32. Safety areas, as well as all areas designated for circulation,
intervention and evacuation in the event of a fire shall be kept clear at all times, in
accordance with the storage and evacuation plan for hazardous materials.
          Article 33. Smoking in storage rooms and archives is prohibited.
            Article 34. At the end of the working day, the electrical installation inside
these spaces shall be disconnected from power supply sources, except for safety lighting
and the lighting system that supplies the fire alarm and extinguishing systems and
      Article 35. Store rooms and archives shall be kept tidy and clean at all times.
      Article 36. It is prohibited to use heating plates and electric radiators inside store
rooms and archives, as well as electric lamps that have faults or improvisations, or are
not protected by glass bulbs and protective grids.
      Article 37. It is prohibited to keep flammable liquids that are not part of the
object of activity in warehouses.
        Article 38. It is prohibited to keep objects that are not on the warehouse inventory
list in warehouses, even if it is only temporary.
       Article 39. The personnel who work in store rooms and archives must supervise,
in accordance with the supplier's instructions, all hazardous materials that are sensitive
to heat or react when in contact with other materials.
       Article 40. All combustible materials and substances shall be stored and handled
in suitable packaging that is properly made and labelled, so that the type of fire risk can
be identified and adequate fire extinguishing procedures or neutralisation products can
be determined.
      Article 41. All hazardous materials and substances shall be stored in store rooms
and archives in accordance with the storage plan.
      Article 42. It is prohibited to exceed the thermal load density established by
technical regulations or the technical design documentation for the construction.
      Article 43. It is prohibited to store combustible and explosive materials with no
technical safety sheets.

       Article 44(1) In store rooms and archives, the safety distances between any non-
insulated heating elements and combustible materials stored therein must be complied
              (2) The distances from any lighting units shall be those stipulated in the
technical regulations.
              (3) The distances from the water nozzles of any sprinkler and drencher
systems shall be those required for their efficient operation, in accordance with the
specific technical regulation.
       Article 45. If possible, all shelves shall be made of non-combustible materials
from at least fire reaction class A2, and shall be fixed to prevent the overturning or
falling of stored materials.
       Article 46. It is prohibited to set up archives in basements, attics and lofts, except
for the situations in which these spaces have been stipulated in the design.
       Article 47. Each storage space must be equipped with storage plans and
intervention plans in the event of a fire, as well as specific fire protection instructions.

                                      Section 4
      Car parks, garages in civil buildings with no more than 10 parking spaces

      Article 48. Vehicles shall be parked in car parks and garages so that rapid
evacuation of these spaces is ensured in the event of a fire.
      Article 49. The following actions are prohibited in all spaces designated for
parking and holding vehicles:
   a) filling up vehicles with fuel, adding or extracting fuel from vehicle tanks or
      decanting combustible liquids;
   b) charging batteries, except for the places especially designated for this purpose;
   c) smoking and the use of any form of open flame;
   d) the use of open flame or other sources of fire to start engines, or for any other
   e) setting-up rooms and spaces for any other intended use or using underground
      parking spaces for any other purposes
   f) parking vehicles outside of designated spaces that are marked for this purpose
      (such as ramps, circulation lanes, etc.);
   g) carrying out vehicle maintenance or repair works and operations, regardless of
      their nature, duration or complexity, unless it is necessary to replace a wheel and
      carry out any admissible activities related to this;
   h) access to the underground car park for any vehicles and their trailers carrying
      flammable, explosive, radioactive or corrosive substances, or substances that
      could start a fire, except for vehicle fuel and lubricants.
      Article 50. It is prohibited to store, even temporarily, any fuels, lubricants, oils
and other combustible and flammable materials in these spaces.

                                         Section 5
                   Areas for preparing and serving food in civil buildings
       Article 51. Dining rooms shall be set up by maintaining the safety areas between
different items of furniture in order to ensure exit routes and all doors located along exit
routes shall open towards the exterior, in accordance with the specific technical
regulations, and shall be kept unlocked for as long as there are people inside.
       Article 52. The following measures shall be taken in areas designated for food
       a) to maintain cleanliness and tidiness at all times, for example: cleaning fat/oil
stains/leaks, providing boxes for fat-soaked cloths that are separate from those for
cigarette butts, keeping all working cloths away from any sources of ignition;
       b) to set up and mark special places for storing combustible materials from
packaging such as: wooden material, cardboard, paper, wood chips, straw, polystyrene,
textiles, etc.;
       c) to set up, organise and keep all access and exit routes in good condition, and
avoid blocking them;
       d) domestic appliances such as coffee makers, fryers, microwave ovens and other
similar equipment shall be used in accordance with the instructions issued by the
manufacturers and shall always be disconnected from the socket when not in use.
       Article 53. In these spaces, it is prohibited to:
       a) use any heating equipment and devices for preparing food that are faulty or
makeshift, or without observing and complying with the specific fire protection
       b) store LPG bottles, others than those in use;
       c) prepare various foods in a way that poses a fire hazard;
       d) overfill or mishandle any receptacles containing edible oils and fats;
       e) leave food/culinary products that pose a fire hazard, such as oil/fat, alcohol, in
           the vicinity of/on any sources of ignition.
       f) leave any heating equipment and devices for preparing food unsupervised;
       Article 54. Cooking machines, grills, cookers, oven and all other high
temperature equipment shall be located at least 1 m away from any combustible
elements of the buildings or any combustible materials in the rooms.
       Article 55(1) It is compulsory to carry out periodic inspections of all food
preparation and heating equipment, and immediately rectify any deficiencies found, so
that they do not become sources of fire.
       (2) It is prohibited to check for any gas leaks using an open flame.
       (3) Gas leaks shall only be checked with an emulsion of soap and water.
      Article 56(1) Cooking machines and grills shall be equipped with extraction
hoods and ventilation tubes that are fitted with protection filters or valves and, if
applicable, specific fire extinguishing systems.
      (2) The extraction hoods and ventilation tubes of cooking machines, grills and
baking ovens shall be cleaned and degreased weekly and whenever necessary.
      (3) It is prohibited to clean extraction hoods by burning.
      Article 57. Gas operating instructions shall be displayed in the immediate vicinity
of each cooking machine that uses natural/liquefied gas, and all valves shall only be
manipulated using special keys.
      Article 58(1) The operating instructions recommended by the manufacturer shall
be displayed next to each item of equipment inside the room used for food preparation.
      (2) The operating instructions shall also state specific rules for fire intervention.
       Article 59. At the end of the working day, the following compulsory operations
shall be carried out:
       a) switching off all machines, equipment, appliances and devices used for
cooking and heating the food;
       b) checking that all gas valves located on pipes and receptacles are closed;
       c) eliminating all waste resulting from carrying out the activity, and cleaning the
work place;
       d) switching off all artificial lighting and, if applicable, handing in the keys in the
places designated by the management.

                                         Section 6
                   Access and intervention routes, fire-fighting lifts

       Article 60(1) All site entrances and road ways inside these sites, which ensure
access to buildings and facilities, as well as water pipe connections, networks, basins,
rivers, lakes, ramps or railway crossings, must be kept accessible, clean and clear of any
obstacles that could prevent timely fire fighting intervention regardless of the season.
       (2) The access and intervention routes shall be marked in a suitable manner or, if
applicable, detour routes shall be provided.
       Article 61. In order to save, help persons in danger, put out fires, and limit their
effects the equipment and persons required for timely fire-fighting intervention must be
given permanent access to the following:
   a) administrative buildings;
   b) technical equipment for fire protection, as well as their control points, such as:
manual fire alarm stations and buttons, water pumping stations, fire hydrants, fire
extinguishers, fire panels, basins, tanks and water tower, as well as ramps for natural
water sources;
   c) actuation devices for certain fire protection equipment, safety curtains, smoke
flaps, smoke and hot gas discharge systems, valves located on ventilation tubes, doors
and shutters for closing the gaps in the fire separation elements;
   d) switchboards and switches for the electric power and safety lighting systems, as
well as backup power sources designed to supply any electrical receivers that have a
role in the event of a fire;
   e) other equipment used for intervention in the event of a fire, such as vehicles used
for towing or transportation, water tanks or tank cars;
        Article 62. All legal entities or individuals that own or manage the buildings,
facilities, systems, devices or equipment stipulated in Article 61 must indicate their
position by means of signs, in accordance with the legal provisions in force, SR ISO
3864-1, SR ISO 3864-2, SR ISO 3864-3 and SR ISO 6309, and draw attention to the
rules that must be complied with.
     Article 63. In the event of any works being carried out, strengthened walkways
and walking boards shall be placed over any ditches and digging made along circulation
routes, or access and detour circulation routes shall be provided that are adequately
       Article 64(1) Railways located within the sites must not prevent the free and
quick access of fire fighting machines and equipment, and any potential intersections
shall be kept clear.
              (2) It is prohibited to park any railway engines and carriages at the
intersection with other roads or road access routes.
       Article 65. Access to any hydrants, special fire extinguishing equipment, fire
extinguishers, main valves of the water, gas, liquid fuel or flammable liquid pipes, and
electric switchboards must kept clear, to enable easy intervention in the event of any
      Article 66. It is prohibited to block access and intervention routes with any
materials that would reduce the pre-established free circulation width or height, or could
pose the risk of fire or explosion, and bring any modification to these routes that could
worsen the initial situation.
       Article 67. The platforms used to enable the access and positioning of height
intervention and rescue vehicles, located in the immediate vicinity of the buildings,
must be marked accordingly and kept clear.
      Article 68. Fire fighting lifts shall be kept operational at all times, so that they can
be used whenever necessary.
       Article 69. For fire fighting lifts installed in tall and very tall buildings and
underground car parks, the provisions of the technical regulations, SR EN 81-72 must
be complied with, along with the specific instructions issued by the manufacturers and
specific rules and measures for the prevention and fighting of fire during operation,
designed to ensure the following levels of performance that are necessary:
       a) capacity to transport 3-5 attendants with equipment weighing at least 630 kg;
       b) operating conditions, for at least 2 hours after the onset of the fire;
       c) ensuring access for fire fighters to all storeys of the building;
       d) equipping these fire fighting lifts with priority call devices/fire fighting
           switches and operating them when the priority call command is initiated and
           the lift is operated using the fire fighting switches;
       e) suitable operation of the control, priority call and communication systems;
       f) The fire fighting lift must reach the storey that is furthest from the fire fighter
           access storey within 60 seconds after the doors close;
       g) Marking the fire fighting switch and the control box located inside the lift cab
           with the “fire fighting lift” icon, in accordance with Annex F of SR EN 81-72;
     i) connecting the mains for the electric panel of the intervention lift to the general
         switchboard, before the general switch;
     j) supplying electrical power via two independent routes that cannot be
         simultaneously jeopardised in the event of a fire and damaged during normal
     k) Availability of information for using the fire fighting lift with regard to the
        concept of rescuing people from outside and safe-rescuing of the fire fighters,
        description of the way in which the control system operates, carrying out
        maintenance of the power supply routes and power switch systems,
        requirements for the periodic maintenance of the fire fighter communication
    l) Availability of rescue equipment in the event of the fire fighters being stuck
       inside the lift cabin, such as fixed or portable ladders, rope, safety rope systems
       and the hatch that enables access to the lift to not be blocked;
       Article 70(1) Personnel must be trained how to carry out their tasks stipulated in
the evacuation and intervention plans, both when first employed and when changing
jobs, as well as periodically.
              (2) Employees are obliged to take part in training sessions and tactical
practice and applications regarding fire prevention and fire extinguishing, organised in
accordance with the legal provisions.
      Article 71. The evacuation and intervention plans must be updated and displayed
in accordance with the specific regulations.

                                        Section 7
                             Utility systems relating to buildings

        Article 72(1) The systems relating to buildings, such as gas, electrical, water,
heating, ventilation, air conditioning and sewage systems, etc., as well as technological
facilities shall be operated in accordance with the technical regulations and specific fire
protection measures, so that they do not become sources for starting and/or propagating
a fire.
       (2) For a good operation of the systems relating to buildings, it is compulsory to
comply with the design, the provisions of the operation, maintenance and repair
instructions stipulated in the design and the specific technical regulations for the
operation and tracking of buildings.
       Article 73. All systems relating to buildings must be suitable for the destination,
type and importance category of the buildings, as well as the level of risk of fire, have
the correct level of protection for the environment in which they are located and comply
with the provisions of the specific fire protection regulations.
       Article 74. The following is prohibited during operation of any systems relating
to buildings:
              a) not ensuring their supervision in accordance with the operating
              b) operating without the systems, apparatus and equipment necessary, in
                  accordance with the operating instructions, in order to control and
                  maintain the operating safety parameters, or replacing these with
                  oversized ones;
              c) improper maintenance of the elements stipulated for thermal or
                  electrical insulation, or for separation;
              d) exceeding the deadlines set for carrying out maintenance and repair
                  works, or carrying out these works in an unsuitable manner;

             e) maintenance and repair activities, or modifications being carrying out
                by unauthorised personnel;
             f) using any improvisations that could pose the risk of fire and/or
             g) not ensuring adequate fire protection from existing combustible
                materials and substances in the area where they are used;
             h) leaving them in operation outside of the preset working schedule, if the
                specific instructions prohibit it.
      Article 75. For buildings and facilities, as well as technological equipment and
machinery, it is compulsory to maintain the facilities and systems for the capture and
ground leakage of atmospheric electric discharges in good condition, in accordance with
the specific technical regulations.
      Article 76. It is compulsory to use the systems for the capture and ground leakage
of static electricity in accordance with the specific instructions and technical
      Article 77. During the operation of electrical appliances, it is prohibited to:
             a) replace any fuses, protective relays and automatic switches with non-
                calibrated ones;
             b) connect users that exceed the rated output of the circuits;
             c) overload the electrical installation and the wires, cables, breakers,
                switches, sockets and transformers, respectively;
             d) leave the ends of any electric wires non-insulated, in the event of
                equipment being partially dismantled;
             e) use temporary connections by inserting any electric conductors that do
                not have a plug directly into the socket;
             f) use sockets that are not equipped with a differential protection and
                power-limiting device, and are located less than 1.00 m away from any
                combustible materials or inside warehouses and store rooms containing
                combustible materials;
             g) use makeshift electrical receivers such as radiators, heating plates,
                irons, convection air heaters, etc. without taking measures to isolate
                them from any combustible materials and elements located in the
                respective space or room;
             h) use mobile or portable lamps that are supplied by makeshift and/or
                used cable cords;
             i) use makeshift light filters or shades made of cardboard, paper or other
                combustible materials, for lighting units;
             j) place combustible materials, such as cloths, paper, plastic sheets and
                other similar materials on any electric motors;
             k) use an electrical appliance and/or electrical receivers that are faulty,
                used and/or makeshift;
             l) suspend lighting units directly onto the supply wire conductors, unless
                this is stipulated by design;
             m) insert any objects of any kind inside electric panels, recesses, boards,
                channels or tunnels;

               n) store combustible objects and/or materials inside substations and/or the
                  enclosures of general switchboards;
               o) store or keep any combustible materials in the vicinity of substations
                  and/or general switchboard enclosures, as well as block access to these
                  enclosures with these type of materials;
               p) carry out maintenance, revision and repair works using non-qualified
                  and unauthorised personnel.
      Article 78. The following main rules shall be complied with during operation of
gas systems:
             a) the system and its components must be checked and kept in good
                 operating condition, in order to prevent any gas leaks;
             b) if gas can be smelt, the respective room must be aired, and authorised
                 personnel must find and remove the faults that led to the gas leaks
                 before lighting the fire;
             c) the fire shall be lit and put out only by personnel who are especially
                 trained for this purpose; a label shall be attached near each stove,
                 stipulating the time it was lit and put out, as well as the following text:
                 “(Name and surname of the person) is responsible for lighting and
                 putting out the fire)”;
             d) the valve must be closed before lighting the gas burner; when the burner
                 is on, the ash box door must be opened;
             e) the gas shall be kept turned off whilst the fire is lit and put out, and shall
                 be turned on first from the main safety valve, then from the operating
                 valve of the burner or equipment;
             f) it is prohibited to use gas in faulty stoves or equipment whose air-
                 tightness is not ensured;
             g) any gas leaks shall be checked using water and soap emulsion only.
               Article 79(1) The provisions of the specific technical regulations, as well
               as the following main rules shall be complied with during the operation of
               central heating systems:
          a)   all heating stations, as well as the related boiler systems shall only be
               operated by personnel who are trained in the field or, if applicable,
               authorised in accordance with the law;
          b)   it is prohibited to store equipment or materials that have no connection
               with the actual operation of the heating station inside the heating station;
          c)   the devices for controlling the temperature and pressure in boilers and
               pipes, fuel level indicators, safety valves, etc. shall be kept in perfect
               operating condition;
          d)   boilers supplied with liquid fuel shall be equipped with sand-filled metal
               trays for collecting any potential leaks from the systems, which are located
               in front of the furnaces, under the injectors, and any accidental fuel leaks
               shall be collected and eliminated as soon as they are discovered;
          e)   the tanks for daily consumption shall be equipped with overflow pipes, air
               pipes and level indicators, and shall be maintained in a suitable manner;
               these must not be equipped with level indicators made of glass;

f) it is prohibited to use an open flame to fluidise the fuel inside the tanks by
g) the furnace shall be checked and any potential fuel leaks shall be remedied
   before igniting the fuel in the injectors;
h) the furnaces and smoke ducts shall be ventilated for 10 minutes, using the
   system especially provided for this purpose and for discharging any flue
   gases, respectively;
i) the fuel pulverised in the boiler furnaces shall be ignited either electrically
   or using a torch that is fixed to a metallic rod approximately 80 cm long,
   since no improvisations are admissible;
j) it is prohibited to relight the fire using the incandescent masonry of the
   furnace or the flame from another burner;
k) heating stations that use gaseous fuel shall only be set into operation after
   the burners have been checked and only if these correspond to the pressure
   in the gas pipes, within the limits stipulated by the norms;
l) the leak-tightness of the gas pipes, installations and equipment shall be
   checked using a water and soap emulsion or any other method stipulated in
   the technical specifications; it is prohibited to check gas tightness using a
m) in non-automated gas fuel installations, the gas burners inside the furnaces
   of boilers in heating stations shall be ignited following the gas on flame
n) periodic revision and repair tasks shall be carried out for each boiler, in
   accordance with the deadlines stipulated by the specific regulations.
o) for smoke ducts and the smoke chimney, it must be ensured that they are
   periodically cleared and cleaned, in accordance with the operating
   instructions, as well as their leak-tightness, the operation of all control and
   safety accessories, explosion valves and vane valves, as well as the
   integrity of their thermal insulation;
p) in supply, storage and burning facilities that operate on liquid gaseous fuel,
   it must be ensured that the fuel supply pumps and the burners are operating
   in accordance with the technical manual and the design parameters, that
   the boiler burners switch off automatically if the gas, air or electricity
   supply is cut off or if the maximum admissible temperature or pressure of
   the heat carrier is reached, that any excess liquid fuel is discharged from
   the tanks, via the overflow pipe, if the maximum level is exceeded, that
   mixed assemblies operating on gas or liquid fuel can switch from one type
   of fuel to another, that the pump is disconnected when switching to gas
   and that all pipes, pumps, tank reinforcements and, especially, the pipe
   connections to the burners are leak-tight.
q) in coal-burning systems, it must be ensured that the coal supply systems
   and slag and ash removal systems operate automatically, that the burning
   intensity is reduced if the air or electricity supply is cut off, and that the
   supply is automatically discontinued if the temperature limit or pressure
   limit of the heat carrier is reached. Slag and ash shall be disposed of to
   designated places, using equipment made of non-combustible materials.
   Ash and slag shall be sprayed with water.
          r) any combustible dust deposits shall be periodically removed from warm-
             air heating systems, pipes, convector heaters and heater batteries, and no
             flammable liquids, combustible materials and pressurised gas receptacles
             shall be stored in the vicinity of the heater batteries or convector heaters.
          s) it is prohibited to place flammable liquid containers, clothing and other
             combustible materials on the heaters and heating pipes.
          t) it is compulsory to switch off the boilers if the water level is found to have
             raised or dropped outside of the admissible limits and cannot be brought
             back to normal, if any control instruments or safety devices are
             malfunctioning, if there are any broken pipes inside the boiler, if the soot
             and coke deposits inside the smoke ducts ignite, etc.
      (2) The following measures shall be applied at the liquid fuel unloading points:
             a) the tanker shall firstly be connected to the earth terminal, to enable the
                 discharge of static electricity;
             b) all connection and disconnection operations, as well as the unloading of
                 fuel shall only be carried out with the engine turned off;
             c) the driver shall supervise the unloading process at all times, and shall
                 begin the operation only after they have made sure that the vehicle is in
                 the appropriate condition from a fire safety point of view;
             d) whilst the tanker is unloaded, the circulation of other vehicles, access of
                 unauthorised persons, as well as open fire or smoking are prohibited.
             e) When the fuel unloading operation is completed, the pipe connection
                 for the tank filler pipe shall be sealed closed using the designated
       (3) The following shall be taken into consideration during the operation of stoves
with or without the accumulation of heat, and heating and cooking machines and
             a) any combustible materials or elements located in front of the furnaces
                  and ash boxes shall be placed at least 1.25 metres away, whilst slightly
                  combustible materials can be located 1.00 metres away;
             b) it is prohibited to store more combustible material than is necessary for
                  24 hours of consumption in the rooms where the stoves are located;
             c) all combustible materials shall be stored more than 1.00 m away from
                  stoves without heat accumulation and more than 0.50 metres away
                  from stoves with heat accumulation;
             d) cooking machines and devices that use solid fuel or gas, as well as the
                  consumption tanks of stoves that use liquid fuel, whose thermal
                  protection was provided by the manufacturer on the basis of tests
                  carried out and was accepted upon homologation of the product, may
                  only be located at smaller distances than those given above if this is
                  stipulated in the operating instructions;
             e) it is prohibited to store combustible material, books, clothing, candles,
                  etc. above stoves;
             f) in front of the feed door of the stove, combustible flooring shall be
                  protected by a metal sheet with the dimensions of 0.70 x 0.50 metres;

              g) before being used, the stoves and chimneys must be thoroughly
                 checked, repaired, cleaned and set into operation in perfect operating
              h) it is not admissible to use stoves with missing furnace and ash box
                 doors, or which are faulty or improperly isolated from the combustible
                 elements of the buildings;
              i) when operating stoves that use solid fuel, the furnace and ash box doors
                 must be kept closed and unlocked;
              j) it is strictly prohibited to light the fire inside stoves by spraying petrol,
                 petroleum or other combustible liquids;
              k) it is prohibited to dry clothes or other combustible materials on stoves
                 or in their immediate vicinity;
              l) it is not admissible to use wood that is longer than the stove furnace
                 floor or coal with a higher heat output than that established by the
                 manufacturer of the heating equipment;
              m) individuals shall be appointed to be responsible for lighting and putting
                 out the fire for each area or construction which is heated in this way;
              n) the resulting ash shall be periodically eliminated to a designated place
                 that poses no fire hazard, only after all embers have died out;
              o) it is prohibited to operate overheated stoves.
      (4) The following additional measures shall also be taken into consideration when
operating stoves without heat accumulation:
              a) the distance between the stoves or stove pipes and the neighbouring
                 combustible materials must be at least 1.00 m, whilst the distance from
                 slightly combustible materials must be 0.70 metres;
              b) in stoves with legs that are at least 0.25 m high, the floor underneath
                 shall be protected by a 6 cm thick insulating layer of solid brick
                 combined with clay mortar, or another non-combustible material from
                 class A1FL for reaction to fire that has the same thermal insulating
                 capacity and on top of which sheet metal is laid;
              c) the thermal insulating base must exceed the perimeter of the stove by
                 0.25 m, and by 0.50 m in front of the furnace;
              d) when the stoves have no legs, or the legs are shorter than 0.25 m, in
                 order to ensure their isolation from combustible floors, they shall be
                 protected by a base made of two rows of brick and clay mortar (along
                 their width), or other thermal insulating non-combustible materials
                 from at least class A1FL for reaction to fire.
      (5) When operating small heating stations with a maximum power of no more
than 0.3 MW, the provisions of the specific technical regulation shall be complied with
and the following is prohibited:
          a) absence of approved technical documentation;
          b) not providing or blocking the combustion air intake holes, sized in
             accordance with the specific regulations, except for heating stations that
             are equipped with boilers with air intake and forced evacuation of the flue
             gases, which are technically approved for this purpose;
          c) not providing or blocking any vitreous surfaces, sized in accordance with
             the specific technical regulations;
             d) decommissioning the flue gas discharge sensor for the safe operation of the
                 heating mini-station;
             e) not meeting the location and mounting requirements;
             f) putting any heating units supplied with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in
                 the basement of buildings;
             g) supplying the burners of the boiler from individual liquefied petroleum gas
             h) not meeting the flue gas discharge requirements;
             i) absence, inadequate operation or decommissioning of the minimum
                 protection devices designed to block the supply if ignition fails, the flame
                 going out, existence of a flame before fuel intake, gas pressures under the
                 admissible limit, cut off of the electricity supply;
             j) absence, inadequate operation or decommissioning of the fuel intake
                 blocking devices when the electricity supply is cut off, when the gas supply
                 is cut off or when the pressure drops below the value stipulated by the
                 manufacturer of the burner;
          (6) If using liquefied combustible gas bottles, it is prohibited to:
          a) use faulty or makeshift and non-homologated bottles;
          b) place the bottles in the vicinity of any sources of intense heat;
          c) cause the liquefied gas inside the bottle to leak by shaking or heating the
       d) connect the bottle directly to any heating equipment, without using a pressure
       e) use a connecting hose that is not homologated for gas, is improperly fixed,
used, faulty or longer than 1.00 m.
       Article 80. The following main rules shall be complied with during the operation
of ventilation systems:
       a) naturally-organised ventilation systems and mechanical ventilation systems
used in rooms in which combustible gas, vapours, dust or powders are released into the
atmosphere shall be maintained and used so that, during their normal operation,
accumulation of these substances in quantities that could pose the risk of fire or
explosion is prevented.
       b) for ventilation points, the wire nets or protection grids shall be kept in good
condition, in order to prevent various foreign bodies from entering the ventilation ducts.
       c) absorption holes shall be placed in the rooms depending on the specific weight
of the gases or vapours that are released and, for local ventilation, these must be as close
as possible to the place where the combustible vapours, gases or powders are formed.
       d) fans mounted in rooms/areas where combustible substances such as gases,
vapours or dust are released which, in combination with air, can form explosive
mixtures or can carry such substances shall be kept operational and be equipped with
protection that is adequate for the environment.
       e) it is prohibited to discharge combustible and flammable substances, as well as
any substances which, when mixed, can ignite or cause an explosion, through the same
ventilation system.
       f) a continuous exhaustion and a constant air circulation speed through the ducts
shall be ensured in order to prevent the formation of explosive mixtures;
      g) the use of any sources of heat or sparks in systems located in environments
where there are combustible or flammable dust, vapours or gases shall be prohibited;
       h) the ducts, tubing and fans shall be periodically maintained, checked and
cleaned of any combustible deposits;
       i) the possibility for fire propagation via the ducts of the ventilation system shall
be limited by keeping the fire valves in good condition;
      j) in rooms that are equipped with ventilation systems that are only designed for
accidental discharges of combustible or flammable gases or vapours, the ventilation
system shall be set and kept operational from the moment the discharge takes place until
the moment when its causes have been removed, ensuring the complete evacuation of
the gases or vapours from these rooms;
      k) if the discharges only take place during certain operations or stages of the
production process, the ventilation system shall be set into operation 10 minutes before
the operation or process begins and shall be turned off after complete evacuation of the
room, 10 minutes after the respective operation or process has been completed.
      Article 81. The following specific measures shall also be taken for ventilation
systems that pose a risk of fire or explosion:
      a) the suction pipes must enable its easy cleaning;
      b) the ventilation pipes must be kept in good condition, to prevent any flammable
      particle and vapour leaks;
      c) the grids that are located above the suction ducts placed under the floor must
be made of materials that do not cause sparks when hit.
       Article 82. The following main rules shall be complied with during operation of
lightning protection systems:
       a) the lightning protection systems shall be maintained and operated in good
operating condition, by maintaining the integrity of all its components and the
continuity between them.
       b) all verifications and maintenance shall only be carried out by specialised
personnel and in accordance with the requirements of the technical regulations in force.
       c) the lightning protection systems shall be periodically checked, in accordance
with an established schedule, aiming to assess the physical integrity, continuity and
good operation of all components.

                                        Section 8
    Buildings, areas, and rooms relating to fire protection systems and facilities

      Article 83. The following specific rules and measures shall also be applied inside
the chambers of electrical generator sets and pumps that are activated by heat engines,
which are backup sources for the power supply for fire protection systems:
      a) ensuring the supply of fresh air and the discharge of flue gases (exhaust),
         positioned and made so that they do not lead to recirculation of the discharged
      b) maintaining the functional parameters for activating batteries, in accordance
         with the instructions issued by the manufacturers;
      c) connecting the liquid fuel supply system to the ground socket in a correct
      d) maintaining the liquid fuel supply tanks, supply and distribution pipes,
         overflow pipes, level indicators (which will not be made of glass) and air
         ducts that communicate directly with the exterior (equipped with the
         appropriate flame arresters) in a good condition;
      e) ensuring the fuel reserves needed so that the assemblies can operate in
         accordance with the specific regulations;
      f) maintaining the minimum temperature in the cooling circuit of the assemblies
         (when required by their instructions).
      Article 84(1) The fire pumps shall be turned on in accordance with the provisions
of the design and/or the operating instructions for the installation, in either of the
following ways:
       a) manually, from the pumping station, and remotely, by activating the designated
start-up buttons located next to each interior fire hydrant – in the case of fire pumps that
are designed to operate regardless of the pressure inside the water supply plant, as well
as by activation from the pumping station, the emergency service (when available) and
various points of the buildings within the site, in the case of fire pumps that serve the
networks of exterior fire hydrants; their activation shall take place in due time, within 5
minutes after the alarm signal sounds at the latest; the valves that enable the water
reserve to be used for the fire must be operated within the same time interval as opening
the fixed backup pumps;
       b) automatically, usually when the pressure within the network drops (the start-up
pressure of the fire pumps is higher than the minimum pressure required for the fire
extinguishing system to operate);
               (2) In the case of pumping stations that include several assemblies, the
pumps shall come into operation successively, in a delayed manner, in order to avoid
creating overloads and setting off the protection equipment, in accordance with the
operating instructions.
               (3) In all situations, the fire pumps shall only be turned off manually,
from the pumping station (which is equipped to protect the assemblies and
automatically switch them off in the event of a lack of water).
               (4) During use, the "choked pump"-type operation of the water supply
assemblies for putting out fires or, if applicable, the correct operation of the self-
priming system for the pumps that are equipped with this system shall be ensured, in
accordance with the instructions issued by the manufacturer.
                 (5) To cover for any potential network losses and maintain the pressure
within the system, one must ensure the good operation and maintenance during use of
the low output pilot pumps that the fire-water pumping stations are equipped with; in
the event of numerous abnormal start-ups, the causes for this situation shall be analysed
and measures shall be taken to reduce the network losses.
                 (6) The self-closing devices for the fire-resistant doors that enable
communication between the pumping station and the rest of the civil building shall be
kept in the "normally closed" position and operational;
                 (7) Preventive inspections and revisions shall be carried out by
specialised service personnel, who will:
                    a) check the leak tightness of all joints in stuffing boxes, flanges and
                    other devices;
                   b) check the temperature of the bearings in pumps and electric
                   c) detect any potential abnormal noises or vibrations;
                   d) lubricate the bearings and moving parts;
                   e) check the readings of the measurement and control instruments, to
                   make sure that the systems are operating correctly at the preset
                   f) carry out periodic operating tests for the fire pumps, etc.
       Article 85. The electric gate valves of the open sprinkler/drencher systems or the
fire hydrant systems, which separate the water network from the air network, shall be
kept in good operating condition, ensuring:
       a) that the ambient temperature in the space where it is mounted is higher than
          4°, in order to avoid freezing;
       b) that the safety lighting is operational;
       c) easy access in the event of a fire;
       d) that the electric gate valve and the manually activated fire valve are
       e) that the water is eliminated from the air pipes before the cold season, as well
          as periodically during this season;
       f) that the pressure gauge is mounted downstream from the gate valve and
          operates correctly, in order to confirm that the electric gate valve and/or the
          parallel-mounted fire valve is open.
       Article 86(1) To ensure the correct maintenance and operating safety of pumping
stations, chambers of water collection tanks, electric gate valves and fire valves, the
following measures shall also be applied during their operation:
       a) conditions for easy identification of the components, such as assemblies,
          valves, check valves, alarm (signal) valves and pressure gauges, by applying
          symbols, labels and, if applicable, by colour coding, in accordance with the
          provisions of SR ISO 3864-1, SR ISO 3864-2, SR ISO 3864-3 and the
          notations used in the operating diagrams and instructions for the respective
       b) the sealed valves shall be kept in the normal working position “Normally
          open” or “Normally closed” – stipulated in the diagrams and instructions;
       c) the minimum pressure required for normal operation and, in special situations,
          the maximum admissible pressure shall be marked in red on the display of the
          pressure gauges that are mounted on the discharge pipe of each fire pump, as
          well as on the display of the general pressure gauges mounted on distribution
          pipes, water supply plants and branch pipes, in order to enable control of the
          functional parameters;
       d) the functional parameters of the pumping assemblies, electric gate valves and
          control and signalling devices shall be specified by means of diagrams and
       e) in pumping stations without permanent monitoring personnel (24 hours a day),
          it is recommended that the functional (optical and acoustic) signals are also
          sent to the emergency service or the permanent control and monitoring centre
          (if available);
       f) an intangible water reserve shall be ensured at all times, and the consumption
           of water from this reserve for any other purposes is prohibited; after the fire,
           the reserve shall be restored in accordance with the regulations in force;
       g) the technical condition of the second electricity source that supplies the
           pumping station must ensure that, if needed, it can start up efficiently;
       h) the technical condition of the fire pumps, including the actuation assemblies,
           electric motors, internal combustion engines, etc. must enable them to be able
           to operate perfectly, at the designed parameters, at all times;
       i) the temperature in the room shall be that required to prevent the systems from
       j) the diagram and operating instructions for the pumping station shall be
           displayed in a visible place.
         (2) When operating the pumps, power supply sources and tanks related to
sprinkler systems, the provisions of SR EN 12845 regarding the maintenance, periodic
verification (weekly, quarterly, annually) and the marking of sprinklers shall be
complied with, ensuring the following:

   a) each water supply source must be checked quarterly, together with the control
        and signal valve for the system. the pumps, if provided, must be automatically
        turned on and the corresponding output pressure must not be below the level
        corresponding to the value in accordance with SR EN 12845;
   b)   monthly check of the secondary source for supplying power from Diesel
        generators, to ensure its satisfactory operation;
   c)   yearly check of the water supply pumps for the system at maximum load (via the
        test pipe connected to the pump discharge pipe that is located downstream from
        the check valve on the pump discharge pipe) to ensure the pressure and output
        values written on the label plate are reached;
   d)   annual check of the float valves inside water tanks to ensure their correct
   e)   the suction filters of the pumps, as well as the settling tank and its filters must be
        inspected at least once a year and cleaned whenever necessary;
   f)   external examination of the tanks at least every three years, to check for any
        signs of corrosion. These must be emptied, cleaned and examined for internal
        corrosion. If necessary, all tanks shall be repainted and/or restored with regard to
        their corrosion protection;
   g)    checking and recording, on a weekly basis, the readings of the water and air
        pressure gauges located on the systems, the main pipe section and water supply
        plants, where the pressure inside the pipe network of water-air, mixed or pre-
        activated systems must not drop by more than 1.0 bar per week, as well as the
        water levels inside raised private tanks, rivers, canals, lakes, water storage tanks
        (including water tanks for priming pumps and water supply pumps, and the
        correct position of all main stop valves);
   h)   weekly check of the operation of alarm devices equipped with a hydraulic motor,
        to ensure that they sound for at least 30 s;
   i)   weekly check of the automatic pumps with regard to the fuel and lubricant levels
        in diesel engines; reducing the water pressure in the start-up device by simulating
        the conditions for automatic start-up, and recording the start-up pressure at the
        moment when the pump is turned on; the oil pressure in diesel engines and the
        cooling water flow rate through the open cooling circuits;
    j) weekly check of the way in which diesel engines restart, in accordance with SR
        EN 12845;
    k) checking the stop valves of the supply sources, the alarm and one-way valves at
        least once every three years, and replacing or repairing any faulty ones if
    l) emptying the storage tanks at least every 10 years, in order to clean them and
        carry out their internal examination and of the construction and, if required,
        perform the necessary repairs;
    m) checking that the overall plan of the system and the markings for the power
        supply breaker designed for sprinkler pumps, control and signal valve(s) are
    n) checking that there is a fuel reserve for operating the pumping groups activated
        by diesel engines, during the timed period of operation depending on the risk of
        fire, in accordance with the requirements of SR EN 12845;
       (3) In joint pumping systems used both for domestic consumption and in the
event of a fire, or in independent fire pumping systems, the requirements of the
instructions for operation and periodic verification of fire extinguishing systems shall be
complied with, which must also include the way in which these systems should be used
and maintained in normal situations and in the event of a fire.
       (4) Electrical installations that supply receivers with roles in fire safety must be
operated so that they ensure an adequate power supply to the fire pump electric panels,
fire gate valves, de-smoking equipment, fire-fighting lifts and other devices for the
prevention and extinguishing of fire, within the limits of the designed parameters and in
accordance with the provisions of the technical regulations in the field and the
instructions issued by the manufacturers; the following shall be complied with during
       a) operation of the general switchboard where the connection is made must not
           be jeopardised by a fire starting in the respective building;
       b) the routes along the power supply lines of the switchboards shall be
           periodically checked and protected against fire;
       c) the receiver supply manifolds shall continue to be connected before the master
           breaker device or the general fuses;
       d) a sealed blocking device shall be available, which would avoid human errors
           and only allow the supply to be cut off when necessary.
       (5) In fire-water storage tanks, it must be ensured that:
               a) the gate valves are sealed in the normal operating position;
               b) the fire valves are operating appropriately;
               c) the valves are only operated by designated personnel and in compliance
                   with the specific instructions;
               d) the quality of the water is controlled (for tanks that only contain water
                   for putting out fires, measures shall be taken for its refreshment should
                   any microflora, microfauna or unpleasant smells occur);
               e) the leak-tightness is checked and the tank is cleaned annually;
               f) protection against the access of foreign persons is provided;

             g) the appropriate measures for winter operation, stipulated in the specific
                instructions, are taken;
             h) the (optical and acoustic) signalling system for the level of the fire
                reserve operates in a way which, if necessary, would allow for the
                measures regarding use of the water facilities in the failure mode,
                stipulated in the operating instructions (limiting or discontinuing certain
                consumptions, remedying the failure in a timely manner, enhancing the
                fire control and monitoring regimen, etc.) to be taken. The local level
                indicators for both the water tanks and the water towers (which must be
                visible from the ground) are checked, together with the systems
                designed to transmit the characteristic fire-water levels to the pumping
                stations and the emergency service, or to the central monitoring point of
                the facility (which is permanently served by service personnel);
             i) intervention vehicles have direct access to the point that supplies water
                directly from the tank. The fixed pipe fittings of the suction pipe shall
                be fitted with an absorption gland and a blank pipe fitting (equipped
                with a chain and connected to the fixed pipe fitting to prevent foreign
                bodies from entering the suction pipe and blocking it). The points used
                for parking and supplying mobile fire pumps directly from the tanks
                shall be marked with signs, in accordance with SR ISO 3864-1, SR ISO
                3864-2 and SR ISO 3864-3, and kept clear.
      (6) The spaces and places where the fire protection equipment (fire-water
pumping stations, electric generator sets, rooms for control and signalling equipment,
spaces dedicated to emergency services, telephone exchanges, etc.) is located, shall
benefit from the safety lighting being operational, in order to allow for intervention and
for the work to be carried out during the theoretical period of operation of this
equipment, in accordance with the specific technical regulations and instructions.

                                 CHAPTER V
                          EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLY OF
                         FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT

      Article 87(1) The buildings shall be supplied and equipped with fire protection
systems and other fire protection equipment, the specific categories, types and
parameters shall be established and the fire protection equipment shall be dimensioned
and located in accordance with the technical regulations and the technical design
       (2) Administrative buildings from the category of historical monuments shall be
equipped with fire detection and alarm systems in accordance with the provisions of the
present document, taking into consideration the following criteria:
          a) making sure that the monuments that are entered in the World Patrimony
             list or belong to group A of historical monuments – historical monuments
             of national and universal value - are equipped with fire detection and
             alarm systems;
          b) the provisions stipulated in letter a) are only recommendations and can
             also be applied to group B of historical monuments – historical
             monuments that are representative for the local cultural heritage;
             c) making sure that fixed fire protection systems are fitted in the special areas
                of the building (rooms that contain or house objects with an exceptional
                heritage value) or in areas that house unique collections of historical
                objects and, for unique buildings made of wood, ensuring their exterior
                protection as well.
     Article 88. Only certified or approved fire protection equipment can be used in
administrative building/spaces, in accordance with the law.
     Article 89. At least one fire extinguisher shall be provided for a surface area of
200 m , providing that there are at least 2 fire extinguishers per storey.
       Article 90(1) For portable fire extinguishers, the reference documents to be used
are Directive 97/23/EEC and SR EN 3 (with its parts).
       (2) Portable fire extinguishers shall comply with the requirements stipulated in
SR EN 3 (with its parts) with regard to their fire extinguishing capacity, providing that
the following conditions are met:
       a) CO2 fire extinguishers shall be at least the 55B type;
       b) powder fire extinguishers shall be at least the 21A, 113B type, with a
           minimum capacity/load of 6 kg;
       c) spray water/foam fire extinguishers shall be at least the 21 A, 113 B type, with
           a minimum capacity/load of 6 litres.
       d) when equipping the related technical spaces with fire extinguishers, the
           specific technical regulations must also be complied with;
        (3) For mobile fire extinguishers with a nominal load of 50 kg/l, the reference
document to be used is SR EN 1866-1.
         Article 91(1) Portable fire extinguishers must be maintained in an operational
      (2) These shall be visibly displayed in the places stipulated by the technical
regulations, which should be easily accessible when they need to be used for the
purpose they were designed for.
      (3) They can be located on the floor or walls of the room, in special holders,
depending on the instructions issued by the manufacturer.
      Article 92. It is advisable to comply with the following distance and height values
for mounting fire extinguishers within the perimeter of the protected area:
      a) maximum 15 m and 20 m, respectively, from the most important sources of
         fire belonging to classes B and A;
      b) maximum 1.4 m high from the floor.

                                      CHAPTER VI
                                   FINAL PROVISIONS

       Article 93(1) The owners of any buildings, spaces and systems that are subject to
the present provisions are obliged to apply the measures established herein, making sure
that they organise and carry out their fire protection activity in their field of activity in
accordance with the law and the provisions of the present document.

       (2) The owner of the buildings, spaces and systems that are subject of the present
document is understood to be their owner, manager, administrator, lessor, lessee or
other similar persons, as applicable.
        (3) In the related spaces, buildings and systems, it is compulsory to organise,
under the conditions of the law, the activity for internal control of the way in which the
fire protection norms, provisions and measures are complied with.
       (4) In accordance with the law, the internal control of the way in which the fire
protection norms, provisions and measures are complied with shall be carried out, as
applicable, by the owner, the structures with fire protection responsibilities that are
formed within the economic operator/institution, the work place managers, the technical
personnel or the specialised personnel with fire protection responsibilities, the
emergency service personnel of the lessor or lessee, or by individuals or legal entities
that are certified to carry out fire protection activities, on the basis of a contract.
       Article 94. The results of the inspection carried out by the fire prevention
inspectors of the county/Bucharest emergency inspectorates and by the personnel with
control responsibilities in the field of fire protection, shall be mentioned in the control
reports, recorded in the control register and analysed by the persons listed in Article 93
and the personnel who hold fire protection responsibilities.
       Article 95(1) On the basis of the conclusions drawn following the inspections
carried out by the state authority or the internal inspections, the director of the economic
operator, the manager of the institution, the lessor or the lessee is obliged to take
immediate measures in order to rectify all irregularities found in the field of fire
       (2) The findings, measures and decisions adopted following such inspections
shall be communicated to all persons involved by means of written documents.



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