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Republican Party of Virginia

Republican Party of Virginia
Republican Party of Virginia Party Chairman Senate Leader House Leader Founded Headquarters Pat Mullins Tommy Norment William J. Howell 1854 Obenshain Center 115 E. Grace St. Richmond, Virginia 23219 Center-right Conservatism Economic liberalism Republican Party are conducted by party officials and volunteers. Primaries are administered by the State Board of Elections at all established polling places. Because Virginia does not have party registrations, participation in primaries are open to any register voter regardless of party. However, on June 15, 2006, the Plan was amended to redefine a primary: "Primary" is as defined in and subject to the Election Laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia, except to the extent that any provisions of such laws conflict with this Plan, infringe the right to freedom of association, or are otherwise invalid. At the same time, the Plan was amended to require participants in any of the candidate selection methods to "express in open meeting either orally or in writing as may be required their intent to support all [Republican] nominees for public office in the ensuing election". The candidate selection process has been criticized as favoring "party insiders" and disfavoring moderate candidates. For example, both Jim Gilmore and the more moderate Thomas M. Davis were seeking the 2008 Republican candidate for U.S. Senate. However, two weeks following the decision that the candidate will be selected at a convention instead of a primary,[2] Davis announced that he would not seek the nomination.

Political ideology National affiliation Web Site

http://www.rpv.org/

The Republican Party of Virginia (RPV) is based in Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is affiliated with the National Republican Party of the United States.

Organization and candidate selection
The State Party Plan[1] specifies the organization of the state party and how candidates will be selected. The 79-member State Central Committee sets the policy and plans for the party between larger State Conventions, which gather at least once every four years. Candidates for elective office can be selected by (1) mass meetings, (2) party canvasses, (3) conventions, or (4) primaries. A mass meeting consists of a meeting where any participants must remain until votes are taken at the end. A party canvass or "firehouse primary" allows participants to arrive anytime during announced polling hours, cast a secret ballot, and then leave. A convention includes a process for selecting delegates, and then only the delegates may vote. Mass meetings, party canvasses and conventions

Open primary litigation
Virginia does not provide for voters to register by party. Virginia law requires "open" primaries that are not restricted based on party registration: All persons qualified to vote... may vote at the primary. No person shall vote for the candidates of more than one party.[3] In 2004, the Republican Party amended the State Party Plan to attempt to restrict participation in primaries to exclude voters who had voted in a Democratic primary after

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March 1, 2004, or in the last five years, whichever is more recent. In August 2004, Stephen Martin, an incumbent State Senator, designated that the Republican candidate for his seat in the November 2007 election should be selected by primary. The Republicans then sued the State Board of Elections demanding a closed primary be held, with taxpayer funding of a mechanism to exclude voters who had participated in past Democratic primaries.[4] The Federal District Court dismissed the suit on standing and ripeness grounds. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit reversed and sent the case back for a trial on its merits. The District Court then ruled that the rule forcing a party to accept the choice of its incumbent office holder of an open primary was unconstitutional. The state could continue to hold open primaries if a party opted for a primary instead of a mass meeting, party canvass, or convention to choose its nominees. [5] On October 1, 2007, the Fourth Circuit affirmed this holding, which largely left Virginia’s primary system intact, striking down only the rule allowing an incumbent officeholder to choose an open primary over the objection of his or her party. [6] The Republican State Central Committee dropped plans to require voters to sign a loyalty oath before voting in the February 2008 Presidential Primary. The party had proposed to require each voter to sign a pledge stating "I, the undersigned, pledge that I intend to support the nominee of the Republican Party for President." However, there was no way to enforce the pledge, and the proposal caused vocal public opposition.[7]

Republican Party of Virginia
when the 42-year old candidate and two others were killed in an airplane crash of a twin engine aircraft on August 2, 1978 while attempting a night landing at the Chesterfield County Airport. They had been returning to Richmond from a campaign appearance.

Current leadership
Pat Mullins was elected Chairman of the RPV in a meeting of the State Central Committee on May 3, 2009. A new chairman will be elected at the state Republican convention to be held in May, 2009.

Past leadership 2004-2009
Kate Obenshain Griffin of Winchester became the party’s chairman in 2004. Following Senator George Allen’s unsuccessful 2006 reelection bid, Griffin submitted her resignation as Chairman effective November 15, 2006. Her brother, Mark Obenshain, is a State Senator from Harrisonburg in the Virginia General Assembly. Both are the children of the late Richard D. Obenshain. Ed Gillespie was elected as the new Chairman of the RPV on December 2, 2006. He resigned on June 13, 2007 to become the counselor to President George W. Bush. Mike Thomas served as interim chairman until July 21 when former Lieutenant Governor of Virginia John Hager was elected chairman. On April 9, 2007 the RPV named Fred Malek to serve as the Finance Chairman and Lisa Gable to serve as the Finance Committee CoChair.[8] On May 31, 2008, Hager was defeated in his bid for re-election by a strongly conservative member of the House of Delegates, Jeff Frederick of Prince William County. Frederick, who was then 32 years old, was the 5th party chairman in 5 years.[9] In December 2008, the Republican Party State Central Committee considered removing Frederick from the Chairmanship, but the party leaders offered him another chance.[10] Another vote to remove Frederick was scheduled for the April 4, 2009 Central Committee Meeting, where a 75% vote is required to remove him from the post.[10] On March 4, 2009, 80 % of the central committee members signed a letter to Frederick asked him to resign.[10] In response, Frederick issued a statement

Richard D. Obenshain Center
The party headquarters building is named the Richard D. Obenshain Center in memory of Richard D. Obenshain (1936-1978), the State Party Chairman who beginning in 1972, helped lead the party’s renaissance in Virginia following 85 years of virtual control by the State’s Democratic Party (since Reconstruction when William Mahone and the Readjuster Party coalition dominated affairs for a few years). In 1978, "Dick" Obenshain had won the party’s nomination to run for the U.S. Senate to replace retiring Senator William Scott

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saying, "I have every intention of continuing as Chairman and completing my term in May 2012. I have the commitments necessary to win the vote on April 4th and will fulfill my term and the commitment to the people who entrusted me to lead our Party back to victory."[10] On March 5, 2008, Attorney General Robert F. McDonnell, who is expected to be the 2009 Republican candidate for Governor, issued a statement saying, "It would be helpful for the Republican Party of Virginia to have more effective leadership in this pivotal year."[10] On April 4, 2009, after a six-hour closed door debate, the Central Committee voted 57 to 18 to remove Frederick. After the vote, Frederick stated that he might fight to get his job back at the State Convention to be held in May 29-30, 2009.[11]. In an email to supporters on May 4, 2009, Frederick stated he would not run for Chairman at the 2009 Convention.

Republican Party of Virginia
• - blocked judicial appointments in the 2007 legislative session.[21] • - defeated "early voting proposals" to allow voters to vote in-person at the County Registrars 45-days before election day[22] • - defeated measures to restrict smoking rights or raise the tax on cigarettes.[20] In a special session of the legislature held on April 8, 2009 to consider extending unemployment insurance benefits in order to implement the federal stimulus package, the Republicans voted along party lines, 53 to 46 in the House of Delegates to defeat the proposal.[23] Two Republican delegates from high unemployment districts voted in favor of Kaine’s proposal.

Current events
Republicans lost control of the State Senate in the 2007 election, and narrowed their majority in the House of Delegates. Republicans hold a 9 seat majority in the House, with 53 seats total. Democrats hold 44 seats, with 2 independents (who caucus with Republicans) and 1 vacancy. [24] Candidates from both parties are now gearing up for the 2009 Governor’s race with Attorney General Robert McDonnell, as the intended nominee. Republican candidates for the 2009 Attorney General’s race include Senator Ken Cuccinelli II (Fairfax), John L. Brownlee, and Arlington School Board member David M Foster. Although it is difficult to measure total fundraising contributions because money is donated to political action committees as well as directly to the parties, public records show that in 2007, the Virginia Republican Party has received $3,376,215 compared with $8,245,806 for the Democrats. [25]

Policy positions
While Virginia Republicans take positions on a wide variety of issues, some of the noteworthy ones include: • - the Party creed states, "That faith in God, as recognized by our Founding Fathers, is essential to the moral fiber of the Nation." [12] • - offered legislation to limit government services, such as in-state tuition at state colleges, to undocumented residents. State and local law enforcement should cooperate in enforcing immigration laws.[13][14][15] • - opposed funding transportation needs through increases in taxes and/or fees, offered abusive driver fees as an alternative revenue source; seeks to fund projects through bonds which will be funded from future general funds.[16][17] The Republican leadership has announced that it will resist any new taxes during the special session called for June 23, 2008 to fund transportation needs. • - opposed Governor Kaine’s initiative to fund Pre-K education.[18] • - expanded the rights to carry concealled handguns and eased the process for issuing concealled weapon permits;[19] oppose background checks for weapons purchased at gun shows.[20]

2008 elections
As of January 2009, Republicans hold neither seat in the U.S. Senate, five of the eleven seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, and a majority in the Virginia House of Delegates. The Lieutenant Governor of Virginia and Attorney General of Virginia are Republicans. A recount confirmed Virgil Goode’s narrow loss in Virginia’s 5th congressional district.

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Republican Party of Virginia
Western District of Virginia in the race to replace Attorney General Robert F. McDonnell.
[33]

2009 elections
Special elections
The Republican Party sought to reverse its November 2008 defeat, in a series of special elections which historically draw low voter turnout. Because Gerald Connolly was elected to Congress from the 11th Congressional district, a special election was held on February 3 to fill his seat as Chairman of the Fairfax County Board. In that election, about 16% of the registered voters participated with Sharon Bulova (D) defeating Pat S. Herrity (R) by 1,206 votes. Anthony Bedell, chairman of the Fairfax County Republican Party told the Washington Post, "In November, we got our clocks clened. Three months later, even in a special this was a squeaker. That’s good news for Republicans."[26] Another special election was held to fill Bulova’s county board seat on March 10.[26] Attorney John Cook, 45, is the only Republican candidate for the county board seat against a Democratic candidate that will be selected in a "firehouse" primary to be held on February 9 and 10.[27] Cook won the seat by 89 votes. [28] In the January 13 special election to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Delegate Brian Moran to run for Governor, Democrat Charniele Herring became the first African-American woman from Northern Virginia to be elected to the House of Delegates, defeating Republican candidate Joe Murray by 16 votes.[29] She was seated on Jan. 26, following repeated efforts by the Republican caucus to delay her seating until a recount could be completed.[30]

Under Virginia law, the Republicans could select their candidates in either in June statewide primary or by a convention or caucus. The Republicans will select their candidates at a State Convention to be held on May 29-30, 2009 in Richmond. Under the Call to the Convention, candidates for the state-wide offices must each collect 4,000 signatures between November 4, 2008 and December 1, 2008. If more than one candidate files for each office, the nominee will be selected at the convention. Delegates to the convention were selected at local caucuses held between February 1, 2009 and April 1, 2009, with each delegate being asked to pay a $35 fee. The number of delegates that each city or county can send to the convention is based on the size of the Republican vote in the last Presidential (2008) and the last gubernatorial (2005) elections divided by 250, which means that over 2,000 delegates could be sent to the convention. However, most jurisdictions could not fill all of their delegate slots.

Control of House of Delegates
Both parties are focusing on which party will control the House of Delegates — following the Democrats taking back the Senate in 2007. All 100 House seats are elected in 2009 for a two-year term, and the Republicans currently have a majority of 9 seats, and there are 15 Republican districts that President Obama carried in the 2008 election. Two of the most visible are Del. David B. Albo (R) who faces a second challenge from Democrat Greg Werkheiser, and Del. Ward Armstrong.[29]

Statewide elections
On February 3, 2009, Attorney General Robert F. McDonnell announced that he would resign effective Feb. 20 to allow him to campaign full-time for Governor.[31] The House and Senate will appoint a replacement before they adjourn on Feb. 28. Incumbent Lt. Governor Bill Bolling and Patrick Muldoon, who is both a lawyer and "a beef cattle farmer in SW Virginia,"[32] are competing for the Lt. Governor nomination. On November 19, 2008, David M. Foster announced that he will run for Attorney General in Virginia elections, 2009. He joins State Senator Ken Cuccinelli and John Brownlee, a former U.S. attorney for the

References
[1] Hager,, John H.; John Padgett, Charles E. Judd (October 2007). ""The Plan of Organization of the Republican Party of Virginia"" (PDF). rpv.org. Republican Party of Virginia. http://www.rpv.org/ PDF/PartyPlanOct2007.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. [2] ""Va. GOP decision favors Gilmore"". InRich.com. 13 October 2007. http://www.inrich.com/cva/ric/news.apx.content-articlesRTD-2007-10-13-0212.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-20.

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[3] ""§ 24.2-530: Who may vote in primary"" (HTML). Code of Virginia. Virginia General Assembly Legislation Information System. http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/ legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-530. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. [4] Hudson, Henry E.; Duncan, Widener Wilkins (1 October 2007). "Miller v. Brown, No. 06-2334, pages 4-5" (PDF). ca4.uscourts.gov. U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. http://pacer.ca4.uscourts.gov/ opinion.pdf/062334.P.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. [5] Hudson, Henry E.; Duncan, Widener Wilkins (1 October 2007). "Miller v. Brown, No. 06-2334, page 6" (PDF). ca4.uscourts.gov. U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. http://pacer.ca4.uscourts.gov/ opinion.pdf/062334.P.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. [6] Hudson, Henry E.; Duncan, Widener Wilkins (1 October 2007). "Miller v. Brown, No. 06-2334, page 18" (PDF). ca4.uscourts.gov. U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. http://pacer.ca4.uscourts.gov/ opinion.pdf/062334.P.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. [7] Craig, Tim (1 December 2007). "Va. GOP Abandons Loyalty Pledge". Washington Post: p. B01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/ content/article/2007/11/30/ AR2007113002348.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. [8] ""RPV Announces New Finance Chairman"". Press Releases. Republican Party of Virginia. 9 April 2007. http://www.rpv.org/ 040907Fundraising.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. [9] "Republican party has new chairman," The Examiner (Dena Potter, AP News), May 31, 2008. [10] ^ Kumar, Anita (March 6, 2009). ""80% of Party Leaders Want Frederick to Quit". Washington Post: p. B2. [11] Kumar, Anita (05-04-2009). "Va. GOP Ousts Chairman Who Ignored Call to Resign". Washington Post: p. A1. [12] About the Republican Party of Virginia | Republican Party of Virginia

Republican Party of Virginia

[13] http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/ legp504.exe?ses=081&typ=bil&val=hb623 Retrieved 2008-03-20. [14] http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/ legp504.exe?ses=081&typ=bil&val=hb926 Retrieved 2008-03-20 [15] http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/ legp504.exe?ses=081&typ=bil&val=hb440 Retrieved 2008-03-20 [16] Howell, William J. (March 12, 2008). "Statement of House Speaker -Regarding Successful Conclusion of Budget Negotiations on House Bill 30" (Microsoft Word). http://www.williamjhowell.org/files/ 20080312%20-%20Speaker%20News%20Release%2 Retrieved on 2009-01-01. [17] Howell Stmt at End of Session 2008 Microsoft Word. Retrieved 2008-03-20. [18] Nuckols, Christina (16 August 2008). "Governor’s pre-K plan boils down to money". The Virginia Pilot. http://hamptonroads.com/node/311291. Retrieved on 2008-03-20. [19] McCaffery, Jen (10 March 2008). "Virginia Tech-inspired bills yield few gun law changes". The Virginia Pilot. http://hamptonroads.com/2008/03/ virginia-techinspired-bills-yield-few-gunlaw-changes. Retrieved on 2008-03-20. [20] ^ Kumar, Anita; Tim Craig (2009-02-04). "Va. Still Holds Cuns, Tobacco Dear". Washington Post: p. B1. [21] Walker, Julian (3 March 2008). "Time is running out for judicial appointments". The Virginia Pilot. http://hamptonroads.com/2008/03/timerunning-out-judicial-appointments. Retrieved on 2008-03-20. [22] Kumar, Anita (Jan. 20, 2009). "Delegates Toss Early Voting, Redistricting Bills". Washington Post: p. B2. [23] Kumar, Anita (April 9, 2009). "Assembly Rejects $125 Million for Expanded Jobless Benefits". Washington Post: p. B5. [24] Craig, Tim; Anita Kumar (8 November 2007). "Kaine Hails ’Balance’ in New Political Landscape". Washington Post: p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ wp-dyn/content/article/2007/11/07/ AR2007110700553.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. [25] ""PACs: Most Money Raised"". vpap.org. Virginia Public Access Project.

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http://www.vpap.org/pacs/raised.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-02-14. [26] ^ Sommashekhar, Sandhya (2009-02-05). "Close Loss Cheers Republicans". Washington Post: p. B5. [27] "Voters Face Another Special Election". Washington Post: p. C5. Feb. 8, 2009. [28] Somashekhab, Sandhya (Mar. 12, 2009). "Republican Wins Close Fairfax Race in Delayed Count". Washington Post: p. B1. [29] ^ Tim Craig and Anita Kumar (Jan. 20, 2009). "Despite Pledge, Va. Legislators Bickering". Washington Post: p. B1. [30] Lewis, Bob (Jan. 26, 2009). "Northern Va.’s First Female Black State Delegate Seated". NBC News. http://www.nbcwashington.com/news/ local/Northern-Virginias-First-FemaleBlack-State-Delegate-Seated.html. [31] Kumar, Anita (2009-02-04). "McDonnell Says He’ll Resign to Focus on Race". Washington Post: p. B4.

Republican Party of Virginia
[32] http://www.rpv.org/candidates/ Retrieved 05-04-2009 [33] Craig, Tim (2008-11-20). "Arlington Lawyer Enters GOP Race". Washington Post: p. B5.

See also
• Democratic Party of Virginia • Virginia elections, 2008 • Virginia elections, 2009

External links
• • • • Republican Party of Virginia College Republican Federation of Virginia Virginia Public Access Project Official website for 2007 Transportation law

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