Craig__Alaska

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Craig, Alaska

Craig, Alaska
City of Craig, Alaska ZIP code Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website 99921 [7] 907 02-17740 1421260 City of Craig website

Craig is a first-class[8] city in the Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area in the Unorganized BoroughA[›] in the U.S. state of Alaska. The population was 1,397 at the 2000 census.
Oblique aerial view of Craig from the south

Geography
Craig is located at 55°28′35″N 133°8′54″W / 55.47639°N 133.14833°W / 55.47639; -133.14833 (55.4763889, -133.1483333),[5] on Craig Island connected to the West coast of Prince of Wales Island by a causeway.[3] Craig is approximately 56 miles (90 km) by air northwest of Ketchikan and 220 miles (350 km) south of Juneau.[3] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.3 km²), of which, 6.7 square miles (17.3 km²) of it is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km²) of it (28.94%) is water.

Location of Craig, Alaska

Coordinates: 55°28′35″N 133°8′54″W / 55.47639°N 133.14833°W / 55.47639; -133.14833Coordinates: 55°28′35″N 133°8′54″W / 55.47639°N 133.14833°W / 55.47639; -133.14833 Country State Borough Census area B[›] Township Settled Incorporated C[›] Incorporated
D[›]

United States of America Alaska Unorganized [1][2] Prince of Wales-Hyder B[›] T74S R81E Copper River Meridian 1907[3] 1922[4] 1973[4]

History
Originally, Craig’s townsite was a temporary fishing camp, used for gathering herring eggs.[9]

Name
Craig was named after Craig Miller (alternate spelling: Millar) who established a fish saltery on nearby Fish Egg Island in 1907[9] with the assistance of the local Haida natives who moved onto Prince of Wales Island from Haida Gwaii (British Columbia’s Queen Charlotte Islands) starting in the 1700s.[3][10] Craig Miller constructed a cold storage plant and packing company at the present site of Craig,[3] and in 1922 was instrumental in the incorporation of the city (originally as an Alaska second-class[8] city within the Alaska Territory, pre-statehood).

Government [4] - Type - Mayor Area - Total - Land - Water Elevation [5]

Mayor-council Dennis Watson 9.4 sq mi (24.3 km2) 6.7 sq mi (17.3 km2) 2.7 sq mi (7 km2) 23 ft (7 m)

Population (2000)[6] 1,397 - Total Time zone - Summer (DST) Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9) AKDT (UTC-8)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Craig, Alaska
$20,176. About 7.8% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Growth
The commercial fishing industry was responsible for Craig’s relatively large population compared neighboring communities.[3] In the 1930s, record pink salmon runs brought many new settlers.[3] The 1950s saw a collapse of the fishing industry because of depleted salmon populations.[3] In 1972, a large sawmill was established nearby providing a steady source of year-round employment.[3] Today, Craig relies on commercial fishing, fish processing, and the timber industry.[3]

Transportation
Craig, the island’s largest population center[12] and administrative hub[9] for many island companies and organizations,[13] actually has limited-direct transportation off of Prince of Wales Island.

Seaplane Base
Transportation is primarily via fixed-wing floatplane charters at Craig Seaplane Base. Klawock Airport can accommodate wheeledaircraft and is a short drive away.

Demographics
Craig’s demographic characteristics have varied following trends in the commercial fishing industry,[3] from 1980 through 2000 Craig’s population more than doubled.[3] As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 1,397 people, 523 households, and 348 families residing in the city. The population density was 209.1 people per square mile (80.7/ km²). There were 580 housing units at an average density of 86.8/sq mi (33.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.07% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 21.69% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.57% from other races, and 10.02% from two or more races. 2.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 523 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.16. In the city the population was spread out with 31.9% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 119.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 118.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $45,298, and the median income for a family was $52,500. Males had a median income of $41,111 versus $23,558 for females. The per capita income for the city was

Ferry
Inter-Island Ferry Authority provides regularly scheduled year-round ferry service between Ketchikan and Hollis located on the Eastern coast of Prince of Wales island. The Inter-Island Ferry Authority’s central offices are located in Craig.[14] There are a few marine shipping companies providing scheduled cargo barge service to South-Eastern, Alaska. Craig is usually one of their ports-of-call, handling inter-modal shipping containers for deliveries to other communities.[15]

Shuttle
Prince of Wales Transportation based in Craig, provides island-wide shuttle services from the ferry terminals to the other communities and island attractions.[16]

Economy
Commercial fishing and related support business comprises the largest portion of Craig’s economy.[3] This is supplemented by timber industry related activities like the sawmill, and many residents use subsistence resources in addition to the formal economy.[3] In 2000, Craig had 42 vessel owners with operations in federal fisheries, 84 vessel owners with operations in state fisheries, and 149 registered crew members; 199 residents held 437 commercial fishing permits; 3,405 sport fishing licenses were sold, 2,590 licenses to non-residents of Alaska.[3]

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Commercial fishing generates much of the income in Craig. There are two harbors in the center of town one which primarily contains smaller charter and recreational boats, and the North Cove Harbor where the trollers, seiners, longliners, shrimp, crab, and dive boats that make up the local fleet are moored. During the peak of the fishing season in summer, the harbor is usually so full that boats must anchor out in the bay. Tourism provides jobs and income to the community.[9] Many charter fishing lodges cater to guests who visit the island for the salmon fishing as well as black bear and deer hunting. The other main employer in Craig is the U.S. Forest Service. The rest of the economy is mainly supportive. There is a city-run medical clinic,[3] a few restaurants, a general store, two banks, a grocery store, a coffeeshop/bookstore, clothing store, gift store, nursery and outdoor outfitter.[9]

Craig, Alaska
state law.[19][20] other than for determining federal electoral boundaries and federal assistance applications. In Craig’s case: the Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area provides a method of subdividing the huge Unorganized Borough (over half of Alaska’s area, 374,712 square miles (970,500 km²), an area larger than any other US state, with a population of 81,803, 13% in the 2000 Census), and consolidating Craig statistics with "nearby" communities on Prince of Wales Island along with other "nearby" communities surrounding Ketchikan. ^ C: Craig incorporated in Territory of Alaska as a second-class city. ^ D: Craig (re-)incorporated as a first-class city in State of Alaska.

Further reading
• "City of Craig on Alaska CIS" (HTML). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. http://www.commerce.state.ak.us/dca/ commdb/ CIS.cfm?Comm_Boro_Name=Craig.

Schools
Craig has four schools with 35 teachers and about 860 students.[3]

Utilities
City of Craig provides piped water from the North Fork Lake reservoir, as well as providing a public sewage system.[3] Alaska Power & Telephone provides hydro-electric power, telephone, and internet service to much of southeastern Alaska, including Craig.[3] There are a few cellular carriers providing service on Prince of Wales Island, mostly to the more densely populated communities like Craig.[17]

References
[1] ^ "Alaska Statutes - Title 29 Chapter 03. The Unorganized Borough" (HTML). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. http://www.dced.state.ak.us/dca/logon/ pubs/29_03.htm. [2] "Legislative Directive for Unorganized Borough Review" (HTML). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. http://www.commerce.state.ak.us/dca/ lbc/boroughstudy/home.htm. [3] ^ "Community Profiles For North Pacific Fisheries - Alaska/South East Alaska/ Craig" (PDF). Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Department of Commerce. http://www.afsc.noaa.gov/Publications/ AFSC-TM/NOAA-TM-AFSC-160/ COMMUNITIES/Craig.pdf. [4] ^ "Official site" (HTML). City of Craig, Alaska. http://www.craigak.com/. [5] ^ "USGS detail on Craig". United States Board on Geographic Names, United

Notable residents
• Holly Madison, one of Hugh Hefner’s girlfriends, was raised in Craig.[18]

Notes
• ^ A: Alaska’s boroughs are equivalent to counties in other U.S. states.[1] • ^ B: Census Areas are abstractions of the U.S. Census Bureau to either consolidate or sub-divide legal-official civil subdivisions to make counting and presenting population statistics easier and more meaningful. Census abstractions have no legal or official basis in either federal or

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States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/ f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1421260. Retrieved on 2007-02-18. [6] "US Census 2000 est" (HTML). United States Census Bureau, United States Department of Commerce. http://www.census.gov/popest/ estimates.php. [7] "Zip Code Lookup - Find a list of cities that are in a ZIP Code." (HTML). United States Postal Service. http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/ citytown_zip.jsp. [8] ^ "Alaska Statutes Title 29 Chapter 04. Classification of Municipalities" (HTML). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. http://www.dced.state.ak.us/dca/LOGON/ pubs/29_04.htm. [9] ^ "Tongass National Forest - Prince of Wales Island communities - Craig" (HTML). U.S. Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.fs.fed.us/r10/tongass/ districts/pow/island_info/ communities.shtml. [10] "Craig, Alaska" (HTML). SEATrails.Org. http://www.seatrails.org/com_craig/ index.htm. [11] "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [12] "Prince of Wales Island Community Profies - Craig" (HTML). Prince of Wales Island Chamber of Commerce. http://www.princeofwalescoc.org/ profiles.html. [13] "Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Census Area: Economic Overview" (HTML). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development.

Craig, Alaska
http://www.dced.state.ak.us/dca/aeis/ POW/General/ POW_General_Narrative.htm. [14] "Inter-Island Ferry Authority" (HTML). Inter-Island Ferry Authority. http://WWW.InterIslandFerry.Com/. [15] "Prince of Wales Island Transportation Craig" (HTML). Prince of Wales Island Chamber of Commerce. http://www.princeofwalescoc.org/ transport.html. [16] "Prince of Wales Island guide - 2007" (PDF). Prince of Wales Chamber of Commerce. http://www.princeofwalescoc.org/ POW_2007.pdf. [17] "Prince of Wales Island - Utilities" (HTML). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. http://www.dced.state.ak.us/dca/AEIS/ POW/Utilities/ POW_Utilities_Narrative.htm. [18] The Girls Next Door Episode 3: "HalfBaked Alaska" - 12/23/2007 [19] "United States Code Title--13 Census" (HTML). Government Printing Office. http://www.access.gpo.gov/uscode/ title13/title13.html. [20] "Alaska Statutes" (HTML). Alaska Legislature. http://www.legis.state.ak.us/ folhome.htm.

External links
• City of Craig website • Craig, Alaska is at coordinates 55°28′35″N 133°08′54″W / 55.4763889°N 133.1483333°W / 55.4763889; -133.1483333 (Craig, Alaska)Coordinates: 55°28′35″N 133°08′54″W / 55.4763889°N 133.1483333°W / 55.4763889; -133.1483333 (Craig, Alaska)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Craig,_Alaska" Categories: Cities in Alaska, Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska This page was last modified on 4 May 2009, at 02:21 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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