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United Kingdom Energy Report

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Enerdata’s United Kingdom energy market report offers a precise and reliable overview of the energy sector in the country. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With timely updated market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights, to help tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Enerdata publishes energy market reports since 20 years. With highly experienced energy experts and analysts, and an active professional network, Enerdata is reckoned as a trustworthy energy source for data, forecasts & analysis, globally.

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									United Kingdom
Energy report
Latest update: October 2010




Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                         2

GENERAL OVERVIEW                                                3

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                  4

ENERGY COMPANIES                                               10

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                  14

ENERGY PRICES                                                  18

ENERGY CONSUMPTION                                             21

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                           27

DATA TABLES                                                    35




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LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES

List of Graphs

Graph   1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)                               9
Graph   2: Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2009, %)           14
Graph   3: Gross Power Production by Source (TWh)                    15
Graph   4: Power Generation by Source (2009, %)                      15
Graph   5: Gasoline & Diesel Prices (€/l)                            18
Graph   6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (€c/kWh)   19
Graph   7: Gas Prices for Industry and Households (€c/kWh GCV)       20
Graph   8: Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)                21
Graph   9: Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2009, %)        22
Graph   10: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2009, %)       22
Graph   11: Oil Products Consumption (Mt)                            23
Graph   12: Oil Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)            23
Graph   13: Electricity Consumption (TWh)                            24
Graph   14: Electricity Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)    24
Graph   15: Natural Gas Consumption (bcm)                            25
Graph   16: Gas Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)            25
Graph   17: Coal Consumption (Mt)                                    26
Graph   18: Coal Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)           26



List of Tables

Table 1: Economic indicators
          Population, GNP growth
          Imports & exports
          Inflation rate, exchange rate
          Energy security indicators
          Energy efficiency indicators
          CO2 emissions


Table 2: Supply indicators
             Oil & Gas proven reserves
             Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
             Production by energy source
             Power production by technology (5 technologies)
             External trade by energy source

Table 3: Demand indicators
         Consumption / inhabitant
         Consumption trends
         Total consumption by energy source
         Final consumption by energy source and by sector
         Electricity consumption by sector

Table 4: Energy Balance
          Total energy balance
          Detailed energy balance by energy source




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GENERAL OVERVIEW




Table 1 : Economic Indicators
                                                                     1990      2007        2008        2009
Population                                               Millions    57.2      61.0       61.4         61.8
GDP growth rate                                          %/year      0.77       3.0        0.7         -4.9
GDP/capita                                                US $      17397    45424      42743        36544
Inflation Rate                                           %/year       9.5       4.3        4.0          2.2
Exchange rate                                              lc/$      0.56      0.50       0.54         0.64
                                                                                  Sources : World Bank , IMF


ENERGY SECURITY                                                      1990      2007        2008        2009
Energy independence rate                                       %      100        83         80           80
Share of oil imported(+) exported(-)                           %      -13       0.8          9            8

ENERGY EFFICIENCY                                                    1990      2007        2008        2009
Total consumption/GDP *                                  koe/$05     0.15     0.10        0.10         0.10
Total consumption/GDP *                                 2005=100      134     89.5        88.0         87.8
Transport and distribution rate of losses                      %       9.5     9.3        10.0         11.0
Efficiency of thermal power plants                             %     36.5     43.2        44.0         44.0

CO2 EMISSIONS                                                        1990      2007        2008        2009
CO2 emissions/GDP *                                      kg/$05      0.41     0.25        0.25         0.24
CO2 emissions/capita                                    tCO2/cap.     9.7      8.6         8.4          7.6
* at purchasing power parity




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INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) was created in October
2008. It is in charge of the energy policy, which was previously the responsibility of
the DBERR, and of the climate change policy, which was previously the responsibility
of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).


In 2007 the Ministry of Trade and Industry (DTI), which was responsible for the
								
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