Blank Printable 2008 Calendars in Spanish by xvd48382

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									              Disseminating statistics: Internet and Publications
                                    Madrid, 3-5 March 2008
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              Powering dissemination
                                                                        European
• Accessibility                                                         Statistical
                                                                        Training
• IT tools                                                              Programme
• Other interesting topics


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                                 ESTP
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                   Accessibility
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                 The movie goes …
               For your … eyes only?
                For your eyes only
              But what about websites?


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                                                   Index
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              Evolution
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              Some definitions and a fact
              Norms and laws
              Accessibility testing tools
              Accessibility comparison results
              Possible approaches to increase accessibility
              INE website accessibility improvements
              Some useful links
              Conclusion
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                                          Evolution
              ·    To disseminate SOME                                              statistical information
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              ·   First, humanity evolved ... to the Internet age information
                  To disseminate MORE                      statistical
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              ·   To disseminate ALL                                                statistical information
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              ·   To disseminate FREE                                               statistical information
              ·   To disseminate SORTED                                             statistical information
              ·   To disseminate BILINGUAL                                          statistical information
              ·   To disseminate ATTRACTIVE                                         statistical information
              ·   To disseminate COMPLETE                                           statistical information
              .   To disseminate „SWIVELized‟(Civilized?)statistical information
              Then the evolution of statistics dissemination in the web began
              And now, it may be the moment to increase the dissemination of
                                 ACCESSIBLE                   statistical information
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                           Some definitions and a fact
              Wikipedia: Web accessibility refers to the practice of making
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              websites usable by people of all abilities and disabilities. When sites are
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              correctly designed, developed and edited, all users can have equal access
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              to information and functionality
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              W.H.O. : E-Accessibility, is the ease of use by people with disabilities
              of information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as the
              Internet. Web sites need to be presented so that disabled users can access
              the information

              European Union Site: eAccessibility is about:
               - using ICT to overcome traditional barriers,
               - making sure that ICTs are not creating barriers themselves

              The Fact:”Worldwide, over 750 million people are
              affected by some type of disability”
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                              More about „The fact‟
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                   “The Mission of ReadSpeaker (founded in Uppsala,
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                                     Sweden, in 1999
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                  is to make the "miracle of the Internet" accessible for
                 dyslexics, people with learning disabilities, low literacy
              level, people with English as a second language, elderly with
              impaired vision and others that like to listen as well as read.

              These groups represents more than 20% of the population
              in most European countries and are also an untapped part
               of the market for online commerce, online banking, etc.”

                              http://www.readspeaker.com/

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                            Norms and laws
              1.- Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
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                             http://www.w3.org/WAI/
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              2.- UNITED NATIONS to focus on improving web access,
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              technology standards for persons with disabilities
                      http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/iddp2006.htm
              3.- Communication from COMMISSION OF THE
              EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES to the Council, the European
              Parliament, the economic and social Committee, and the
              Committee of Regions. Brussels, 13.09.2005
              http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/einclusion/d
              ocs/access/cec_com_eacc_2005.html
              4.- Americans with Disabilities Act
              http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/p70-107.pdf

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                           Testing Google homepage (1)
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                         Testing brightness, and contrast (colour difference)
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                        (http://www.accesskeys.org/tools/color-contrast.html)
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              Results

                                                      Brightness is
                                                       OK, but not
                                                     enough contrast
     Tested website




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                  Testing Google homepage (2)
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              Testing contents with http://www.tawdis.net/taw3/cms/en
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                                                                                     Results.
                                                                               (lower) Priority 1=A
                                                                                               2=AA
                                                                               (higher)     3=AAA


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                       Testing our                    sites (using same test)
              Dissemination Statistics : Internet and Publications
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                                   HOME                      SEARCH ENGINE ( 'CPI' )                 SITEMAP
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                 WEB
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                           A         AA         AAA           A          AA            AAA     A         AA        AAA
                  1        0          11         1            2           6              2     0          7          1
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                  2        21        339        101           5           7              1     2          6          1
                  3        0          24         7            0          22              6     0         15          5
                  4        0          0          14           0           1             11     0          1         10

R                 5
                  6
                  7
                           16
                           2
                           2
                                     155
                                      2
                                      24
                                                 19
                                                 5
                                                 2
                                                              6
                                                              0
                                                                         39
                                                                         11
                                                                   Not available
                                                                                         7
                                                                                         4    0
                                                                                                  Not available
                                                                                                          2
                                                                                                   Not available
                                                                                                                    2

                  8        0          59         3           0           54             3     52         158        9
E                 9
                  10
                           4
                           0
                                      44
                                     158
                                                 5
                                                 9
                                                             4
                                                             0
                                                                         17
                                                                         123
                                                                                        3
                                                                                        7
                                                                                              5
                                                                                              0
                                                                                                         17
                                                                                                         129
                                                                                                                    3
                                                                                                                    7
                  11       4          42         17          2           45            18    1097       3752       442

S                 12
                  13
                           3
                           17
                                     112
                                     545
                                                 12
                                                149
                                                             2
                                                             16
                                                                         61
                                                                         526
                                                                                       11
                                                                                       136
                                                                                              3
                                                                                              16
                                                                                                         57
                                                                                                         669
                                                                                                                    6
                                                                                                                   125
                  14       3          7          0           1           37             9     1          63        16
                  15       46        215         42          25          92            23     24         99        23
U                 16
                  17
                           4
                           0
                                      24
                                      0
                                                 13
                                                 6
                                                             4
                                                             0
                                                                         25
                                                                          4
                                                                                        9
                                                                                        2
                                                                                              4
                                                                                              0
                                                                                                         23
                                                                                                          3
                                                                                                                    8
                                                                                                                    0
                  18       2          41         1           1           11             1     5          10         1

L                 19
                  20
                           1
                           2
                                     892
                                     202
                                                 78
                                                 21
                                                             1
                                                             1
                                                                         750
                                                                         80
                                                                                       53
                                                                                       14
                                                                                              1
                                                                                              2
                                                                                                        1145
                                                                                                         81
                                                                                                                   50
                                                                                                                   14
                  21       43        154         78          31          125           68     43         175       71
                  22       0          2          3           0            0             0     0          74         6
T             Total: 22    32%      9%          5%         33%            5%           5%    35%         0%        5%

S             Google.com    0         18          3                   'A' in Home+Search+Map: 5 (22) =   23%

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                                     5 Sites with those 3 pages accessible
              Possible approaches to increase accessibility ( 1)
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              http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikiproyecto:Wikipedia_grabada
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              •“Blind or visually-impaired persons can use screen readers, but these programs are
              still far from being as accurate as human reading” ( and very expensive too).
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              •“Spoken articles make the Wikipedia accessible to persons who understand a
              language but are unable to read it.”




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              Possible approaches to increase accessibility (2 )
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                European Commission site: Listening to the screen texts, saving an
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                audio file, and a special printable layout
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              Possible approaches to increase accessibility (3)
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                         Selecting visual styles (colours, contrast)
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                http://www.seg-social.es/inicio/?MIval=cw_usr_view_Folder&LANG=6&ID=40247
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              Possible approaches to increase accessibility (4)
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              Spain‟s Organization for the Blind ( www.once.es)
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                             Changing colours and contrast
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              Possible approaches to increase accessibility (5)
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              CEAPAT (site only in Spanish) http://www.ceapat.org/accesibilidad.do
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                       Accesskeys or keyboard shortcuts
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              Possible approaches to increase accessibility (6)
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                        GOOGLE Custom Search Engine
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                       (http://www.google.com/coop/cse/ )
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                  „Reading‟ numbers for people with disabilities
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              Possible approaches to increase accessibility (7)
                          Scottish Statistical office,
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                           Statistics Denmark, ...
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                              Easy fontsize change
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              INE website. Accessibility improvements (1)
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                                                                             Accessible
                                                                              common
                                                                               header

                                                                              Toolbar



                            Content section
                                                                             Accessible
                                                                              common
                                                                               footer




                    Customisable toolbar for every section in our site
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              INE website. Accessibility improvements (2)
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              Different sections but same header and footer, and different toolbars
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               (buttons, icons, logo, background colour) in order to increase our
                                website accessibility and usability
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                                                               T
                                                               O

                                                               O

                                                               L
                                                               B
                                                               A

                                                               R

                                                               S



                                                                              Listening option under implementation
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               INE website. Accessibility improvements (3)
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                                       Search engine and language options available for most of our pages



                        Main options ( contact, favourites, sitemap) accessible by clicking on an icon

                  Listening option accessible via icons and accesskey

               Easy fontsize change

              Easy page printing

                  Accessibility page displaying keyboard
                          shortcuts ( accesskeys)




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              INE website. Accessibility improvements (4)
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                                                              New tool developed using SAPI 5
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                                                              Two languages using two different
                                                                          voices
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                                                              Possibility of generating .flv, .wav,
                                                                           .mp3 files

                                                                Manually and automatically
                                                             converting different kinds of files,
                                                             especially text files, into sound files

                                                                Two dictionaries containing the
                                                               correct pronunciation for special
                                                                 words, symbols or acronyms

                                                             The original voices can be tuned to
                                                              achieve a more „human‟ sound

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                       Some recommended links
              •
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                  WAI: Strategies, guidelines, resources to make the Web
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                       accessible to people with disabilities
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                                         http://www.w3.org/WAI/
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              •   Complete List of Web Accessibility Evaluation Tools
                        http://www.w3.org/WAI/ER/tools/complete

              •   Audio contents (links ordered by product price H -> L) :
                     Loquendo          http://www.loquendo.com/en/demos/demo_tts.htm
                     Readspeaker http://www.readspeaker.com/
                     Cepstral          http://www.cepstral.com/demos/
                     Sodeslscot        http://www.sodelscot.com/
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                                    ESTP
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                      Accessibility
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              For your … eyes only?


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                Powering dissemination : Accesibility, IT tools ...
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              • IT Tools
              • Other interesting topics




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                   Powering dissemination : Accesibility, IT tools ...
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              Our principles with
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               regard to online
                dissemination




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                       Guidelines for designing and maintaining INEbase
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                            (common to our entire website) (1)
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              •   Our products are free of charge.
              •   Availability of the maximum amount of information
                  possible.
              •   Immediate publication on the website of disseminated
                  information.
              •   Our information is bilingual, with this option existing on
                  almost all INEbase pages (with certain restrictions).

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                        Guidelines for designing and maintaining INEbase
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                             (common to our entire website) (2)
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              •   Navigability (bookmarking) of our web pages.
              •   Accessibility of our web pages (as far as is possible).
              •   Dual-purpose in terms of target-audience (general public
                  and experts).
              •   Compatibility with main O.S. and browsers.



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                        Guidelines for designing and maintaining INEbase
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                             (common to our entire website) (3)
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              •   Adherence to a corporate image common to all our
                  products.
              •   Concentration of information (details, calendars,
                  methodology…) on an operation on the same webpage.
              •   Inclusion of the search tool throughout almost all of
                  INEbase.
              •    Minimise the number of „clicks‟ necessary to reach an
                  item of information, and time taken to load webpages.
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                       Users our data is aimed at
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                                  Spanish                    English               Observations
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              Non-expert                                                                 More
                 user                YES                         YES               straightforward
                                                                                     text and tools
               Expert                                                              Adding methodologies
                                                                                    and statistical tools
                                   YES        YES
              People with          Work in progress                                   Accessible
              disabilities
                                                                                       content
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                                          Storage system for online INE
                                              statistical information
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              • All the information produced by the INE in electronic formats,
              organised by subject
              • Up-to-date and highly-detailed data. Also summaries. Annual data
              and data in series format
              • A wealth of methodological, descriptive data, ….                    accessible from
              the menu for each operation.
              • Data from other bodies (Statistical System)
              • European data (Eurostat)
              • Aimed at all kinds of users (general, specialised)
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                               INEbase Structure. Directories and
                               files of which the system is composed
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                                                                            The „Jaxi‟ program is the data file and
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              Different software applications browse
              the thematic tree structure                                   results screen viewer.
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                  Trying solutions against phishing
                                                  “Phishing is an IT term referring to a type of criminal
                                                      activity group with fraud, and which is committed
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                                                       by using the type of social engineering which by
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                                                            nature attempts to fraudulently obtain
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                                                       confidential information (such as a password or
                                                        detailed information regarding credit cards or
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                                                           other banking-related information). The
                                                       fraudster, known as a phisher, masquerades as a
                                                      trusted person or company in what appears to be
                                                        an official electronic communication, usually in
                                                         the form of an email, or an instant messaging
                                                              system, or even via telephone calls”



                                               1.- Informing...
                                               2.- Detecting downloads from
                                              „suspicious‟ IP‟s



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                         NOTE: We endeavour to tackle phishing
              As highlighted at http://www.internautas.org/html/4077.html
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              The following
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              message was
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              being sent:
                     Our webpage                                             The „phisher‟s‟ webpage




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                     Summary of part of what was
                             highlighted
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              At the INE, by the nature of how we work, we mainly use …
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              1. Two ways of storing data in our INEbase system
                 •   as Series: previously in Tempus, now in Tempus 2 (Oracle)
                 •   as Tables: PC-Axis files
              2. Two ways of presenting/viewing (disseminating) stored information on
                 the website
                 •   in Series: previously in Tempus with a CGI script, now in Tempus 2
                     (Oracle) with a special software application (jsp)
                 •   in Tables: by means of a common “Jaxi” (JSP) development for
                     PC-Axis tables and for tables formed by Tempus 2 series.
              NOTE: Information could quite easily be stored only as series, and
                displayed only through tables.
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                            Development of
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                             applications
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              In online software applications, we use:


              •   J2EE Technologies
              •   Data storage in an Oracle RDBMS
              •   Platform used as a web server is Apache




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                        Elements (methodologies,
                      frameworks, libraries...) used
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                      Online software applications :
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              •   Struts (is a support tool for developing Web applications under the
                  VCM template under the J2EE (Java 2, Enterprise Edition)
                  platform. Struts was developed as part of the Apache Software
                  Foundation Jakarta project, but is currently an independent
                  project known as Apache Struts)
              •   JSF (JavaServer Faces (JSF) is a framework for Java applications
                  based on a website which aids user interface development in Java
                  EE applications. JSF uses JavaServer Pages (JSP) as the
                  technology enabling the layout of webpages, but it can also
                  accommodate other technologies such as XUL)

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                      Elements (methodologies,
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                    frameworks, libraries...) used
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                     Other elements used
              •   POI (The POI project consists of APIs for manipulating
                  several file formats based on the Microsoft OLE 2
                  compound document format, using pure Java). We use it
                  for exporting to Excel.
              •   PDFlib (PDFlib is an extensively-used program library,
                  which enables the programmer to generate and
                  manipulate files in Adobe format). We use it to generate
                  .PDF files

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                                 Tools used
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              Software applications for internal use (Intranet)


                Applications of this type are developed using
                Visual Studio .NET
                We currently have the 2005 version at the
                INE



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                                            Tools used
                      Internet/Intranet Applications.
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              Jbuilder for programming applications (Jbuilder is a Borland Java IDE –
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                 Integrated Development Environment). This software was created in 1995
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              Toad for handling and designing data models. TOAD is an SQL and database
                  administration software application, regarded as a useful tool for Oracle
                  DBAs (database administrators). TOAD is available for the following
                  databases: Oracle Database, Microsoft SQL Server, IBM DB2, and
                  MySQL
              Paessler Webstress for stress and load testing applications. This tool is
                 designed to realistically simulate several browsers requesting websites
                 from a web server. It may be used to gather information on the
                 functioning and user stability of a Web application, firing requests from a
                 single machine
              XMLspy as an editor and generator of XML applications


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              A look at some sophistications to
                   round off this subject




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                                                  Eye tracking
              It is a sophistication, but we can also design our website with prior
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              knowledge of which parts of it our users look at, concentrate on, and
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              those parts they don‟t bother reading
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              This is a hot topic which has been the subject of many recent
              international meetings. In summary we will look at some conclusions
              from one of the studies carried out:
              (http://www.alt64.com/eyetrackingmedia/patron_de_navegacion.php ).

              According to Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_tracking)
              “Eye tracking consists of measuring the point being focused on, or eye
              movement in relation to head movement”

              According to ( http://www.xperienceconsulting.com/servicios.asp?ap=27
              ), 'Eye Tracking' is a non-intrusive, yet highly accurate means of
              analysing pupil movement


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                                                    Eye tracking
              Different scanning patterns, by sex of persons, or by order of loading of
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              page elements
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                                                    Eye tracking

              If a title (without white space) is followed by the content or news
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              summary (lead), the users reads it all, whereas if a space is left between
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              both sets of content, the user skips over that section. Also the catchiness
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              of the initial words of the aforementioned title determines whether or not
              the person reads on.
                     (http://www.alt64.com/eyetrackingmedia/entradillas2.php)

              Keywords: certain words attract the attention of certain users. These
              words are not read in the context of the article, but are perceived
              through lateral vision. Detection of those words halts the scan for the
              person to decide whether or not the subject is of interest.


              The majority of subjects looking at advertisements looked, among other things,
              at the banner at the top of the page, where there was one


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                                                        Eye tracking
                                                 Useful links
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              1.   Wikipedia article:
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                           •   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_tracking
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              2.   Website of a Spanish company dedicated to this subject (very interesting
                   study and conclusions):
                           •   http://www.alt64.com/eyetrackingmedia/
              3.   Previously mentioned comprehensive study:
                           •   http://www.alt64.com/extras/Eyetracking_Media_Espana.pdf
              4.   An English-speaking company:
                           •   http://www.eyetracking.com/
              5.   Another English-speaking company:
                           •   http://www.enquiroresearch.com/
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       ADÍSTICA
                          Natural Finder http://www.bitext.com/natural-finder.asp

                  Statement by the manufacturer: “NaturalFinder is the essential complement
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                      to any Internet or intranet search facility: it enables natural-language
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                      look-ups (Spanish or English), without the need to use operators only
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                      suitable for advanced users (Boolean, wildcards...). Thanks to linguistic
                      technology, the user concentrates on writing the look-up in his or her
                      own language, as if asking another person”

Search text examples:
•                 I want information regarding transportation of dangerous goods by road
•                 I need data on exchanging one position for another
•                 I want information regarding high technology public examinations
•                 Current law on rural leases
•                 I want information on public works in Majorca
•                 Information on taxes in Poland
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                                         Natural Finder
                             http://www.bitext.com/natural-finder.asp
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              Our verdicts after trying it out:
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              •   We managed to change the search tool, adding „empty‟ words (some verbs,
                  prepositions, adverbs...) for them to be removed before searching the index.
                  For example: „I want the national cpi‟ would return the same links as
                  „national cpi‟
              •   Natural Finder would not be able to search any of the important areas of
                  our site, for example Tempus2
              •   The cost(time and money)/benefit relationship was not to our advantage
              •   Users have grown accustomed to searching in computer-speak, in other
                  words, not using perfect Spanish: „General National CPI‟ rather than „I
                  want to know which was the General National CPI‟. This means that they
                  would obtain the same thing by typing fewer words.

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                      Other issues to be aware of and investigate (1)
              •   AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript And XML) :
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                  1.    a new term to describe two browser capabilities which have been around for years,
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                        but overlooked by many web developers:
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                  •     The ability to query the server without needing to reload the page.
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                  •     The ability to analyse and work with XML documents
                  •     http://developer.mozilla.org/es/docs/AJAX:Primeros_Pasos
                  2.    It stands for Asynchronous JavaScript And XML, which is a web development
                        technique for creating interactive applications. These are executed on the client side,
                        in other words, in users‟ browsers, and run asynchronous communication with the
                        server in the background. In this way it is possible to make changes on the actual
                        page without having to reload it. This means an increase in page interactivity, speed
                        usability

              •   Web 2.0 http://www.internality.com/web20/       “when we talk about the term Web 2.0, we
                  mean a series of applications and Web pages which use collective intelligence to provide
                  interactive network services giving the user control of his or her data”. Example of
                  statitical web2.0 experiences on following slide:



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                                   Powering dissemination : Accesibility, IT tools ...
                    Other issues to be aware of and investigate (2)
              -An extremely interesting application with OECD data and using the SDMX format
                   http://stats.oecd.org/nawwe/csp/default.html
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              -Curious example of SVG graphics for the British population pyramid:
                   http://www.statistics.gov.uk/populationestimates/svg_pyramid/uk/index.html
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              -Curious and overloaded clock with a whole host of indicators
                   :http://www.poodwaddle.com/worldclock.swf


              -Well-presented page with names in the Swiss canton of Zurich :
                    http://www.statistik.zh.ch/vornamen/vorname.php?nam=&M=&F=&year=9999


              -Appealing and useful European atlas from the Swiss :
                   http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/fr/index/international/02/statatlas_europa.html ( pinchar
                   'statatlas' )


              -Interesting Swiss tool:
                    http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/en/index/international/laenderportraets/spain/blank/kennza
                    hlen/comparator.html
              -Automatic website translation, by Google: http://www.google.com/language_tools?hl=en
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               Other issues to be aware of and investigate (3)
              The wayback machine (http://www.archive.org/)
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              Old version ( 1998)       Current version
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                        Powering dissemination : Accesibility, IT tools ...
                      Other possibilities for improving the
                          performance of a website.
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DE ADÍSTICA




                                           Akamai Servers
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              According to one distributor: “it is a revolutionary online content and
              application delivery service which transforms the Internet from an
              unreliable transfer medium, into a high-performance network.
              The service makes it possible, with a simple change in the DNS, to
              download at speeds between 2 and 10 times faster than the times
              stipulated as normal, also guaranteeing a secure and reliable download. It
              is based on the simple concept of replicating client server content on
              Akamai and distributing it from the latter on the basis of certain criteria,
              such as: geographical location, server availability, etc.”



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                               Powering dissemination : Accesibility, IT tools ...
               When on site : navigation and indices*
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                                                                            Up to 30% use the web
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                                                                            site navigation to find
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                                                                            the information they
                                                                            are looking for.


              As nearly 80% of all visitors come to a website by using
              search engines, every page (not only the “Homepage”)
              becomes a landing page.
              Consequence: A clear, context oriented navigation is
              needed and shows users the way. Indices may foster
              orientation.
              * Armin Grossenbacher FSO
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               Things are moving faster than ever in dissemination*
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              Official Statistics
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              • has to make up its mind in disseminating, explore
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                new paths and opening new paths to users
              • should never forget to manage its treasures, which
                are not only high qualitative data but also big trust
                gained over centuries
              • needs an additional code about the usage of new
                technologies and interacting
              * Armin Grossenbacher FSO

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                     Disseminating statistics: Internet and Publications
                                           Madrid, 3-5 March 2008
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                     Powering dissemination
                                                                               European
• Accessibility                                                                Statistical
                                                                               Training
• IT tools                                                                     Programme
• Other interesting topics
              Thank you very much for your attention.
                       Any questions, please?
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                         Powering dissemination : Accesibility, IT tools ...

								
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