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Christine Todd Whitman

Christine Todd Whitman
Christine Todd Whitman

Instruments[1] and United Technologies.[2] Whitman is also co-chair of the CASEnergy Coalition, and in 2007, voiced support for a stronger future role of nuclear power in the United States.[3]

Official photo as EPA administrator, c. 2001

Early life and family
Whitman was born in New York City and grew up in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, the daughter of Eleanor Prentice Todd (née Schley) and Webster B. Todd, both interested in New Jersey Republican politics. She attended Far Hills Country Day School[4] and the Chapin School in Manhattan. She graduated from Wheaton College in 1968, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in government. After graduating, she worked on Nelson Rockefeller’s presidential campaign. Whitman is a descendant of two New Jersey political families, the Todds and the Schleys, and related by marriage to New York’s politically-active Whitmans. She is married to John R. Whitman, a private equity investor. They have two children. She is the granddaughter-in-law of former Governor of New York Charles S. Whitman. Her maternal grandfather, Reeve Schley, was a member of Wolf’s Head Society at Yale. Whitman’s daughter Kate has followed her mother into politics.[5] Most recently, Kate Whitman ran for the 2008 Republican nomination for New Jersey’s 7th District seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, placing second in a primary field of seven candidates with about 20 percent of the vote.[6] Previously, Kate Whitman served as press secretary for Craig Benson’s 2002 gubernatorial campaign in New Hampshire, and later, communications director for the New Hampshire Republican State Committee.[7] She also was a Congressional aide[8] and in 2007, she was named executive director of the Republican Leadership Council, her mother’s organization which promotes moderate Republicanism.[9] Kate Whitman made news in 1998 at the age of 21, while her mother was governor, when she was cited by police in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania for littering.[10]

50th Governor of New Jersey In office January 18, 1994 – January 31, 2001 Preceded by Succeeded by James Florio Donald DiFrancesco

9th Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency In office January 31, 2001 – June 27, 2003 President Preceded by Succeeded by George W. Bush Carol Browner
Marianne Lamont Horinko (Acting)

Michael Leavitt Born September 26, 1946 (1946-09-26) New York City, New York Republican John R. Whitman Presbyterian

Political party Spouse Religion

Christine Todd "Christie" Whitman (born September 26, 1946) is an American Republican politician and author who served as the 50th Governor of New Jersey from 1994 to 2001, and was the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in the administration of President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2003. She was New Jersey’s first, and to date, only female governor. She was the second woman and first Republican woman to defeat an incumbent governor in a general election in the United States. Today Whitman has an energy lobbying group called the Whitman Strategy Group which is "a governmental relations consulting firm specializing in environmental and energy issues." She is a director of Texas

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Whitman also has a Scottish Terrier named Coors, who is the mother of former president Bush’s dog Barney.

Christine Todd Whitman
As Governor, Whitman failed to fund fully the state pension system, and instead floated bonds to avoid raising taxes.[13] Although Whitman’s predecessors did not take the same approach to state pensions, recent governors from both political parties have diverted billions of dollars from the New Jersey pension fund into other government purposes over the last 15 years.[14] In 1996, Whitman rejected her Advisory Council’s recommendation to spend tax money on a needle exchange, in an effort to reduce the incidence of HIV infections.[15] In 1997, she rolled back the 1 cent sales tax increase her predecessor Governor Florio had imposed, instituted unspecified education reforms, and removed excise taxes on professional wrestling, which led the World Wrestling Federation to resume holding events in New Jersey. In 1999, Governor Whitman vetoed a bill that outlawed partial birth abortion; the veto was overridden, but the statute was later declared unconstitutional by the courts. In 2000, under Whitman’s leadership, New Jersey’s violations of the federal onehour air quality standard for ground level ozone dropped to 4 from 45 in 1988. Beach closings reached a record low, and the state earned recognition by the Natural Resources Defense Council for instituting the most comprehensive beach monitoring system in the nation. Additionally, New Jersey implemented a new watershed management program and became the United States leader in opening shellfish beds for harvesting. Governor Whitman agreed to give tax money to owners of one million acres (4,000 km²) more of open space and farmland in New Jersey. In 2000, when Democratic U.S. Senator Frank Lautenberg announced his retirement, Whitman seriously considered being a candidate [1], but ultimately decided against running.

Career in politics
Nixon administration and early politics
During the Nixon administration, Whitman worked in the Office of Economic Opportunity under the leadership of Donald Rumsfeld. She conducted a national outreach tour for the Republican National Committee, was Deputy Director of the New York State Office in Washington, and worked on aging issues for the Nixon campaign and administration. She was appointed to the Board of Trustees of Somerset County College (now Raritan Valley Community College). Elected to two terms on the Somerset County Board of Chosen Freeholders, she served as Deputy Director and Director of the Board. Among her accomplishments as freeholder was construction of a new county courthouse. From 1988 to 1990 she served as President of the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities in the cabinet of Gov. Thomas Kean. In 1990, Whitman ran for the U.S. Senate against incumbent Bill Bradley, and lost a close election.[11] She was considered a longshot candidate against the popular Bradley. During her campaign, Whitman criticized the income tax hike proposed by then Gov. James Florio, which Bradley did not take a stance on.

Governor of New Jersey
Whitman ran against James Florio for governor in 1993, and defeated him by one percentage point plurality to become the first female governor in New Jersey history. She was the second woman and first Republican woman to defeat an incumbent governor in a general election. Charges of suppression of minority votes were raised during this campaign.[12] She was re-elected in 1997, narrowly defeating Jim McGreevey, the mayor of Woodbridge Township, who criticized her record on property taxes and automobile insurance rates. Though earlier considered a safe incumbent, the Governor’s re-election bid also had only a one-percent plurality, with pro-life Libertarian Party nominee Murray Sabrin receiving five percent of the vote.

Racial profiling controversy
In 1996, Whitman joined a New Jersey State Police patrol in Camden, New Jersey. During the patrol, the officers stopped a 16-year-old African American male named Sherron Rolax, and frisked him. After the police found nothing on him, Whitman also frisked the youth while a state trooper photographed her. In 2000, the image of the smiling governor frisking Rolax was published in newspapers statewide, which drew criticism

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Christine Todd Whitman
0.05 mg/L (equal to 50 ppb) arsenic had been in effect since 1942, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) had been studying the pros and cons of lowering the arsenic Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) since the late 1980s.[19] The incoming Bush administration suspended the midnight regulation, but after some months of study, Whitman approved the new 10 ppb arsenic standard and its original effective date of January 2006.[20]

Climate change
Under her direction as the first director of the EPA under the Bush administration, in 2001 the EPA produced a report detailing the expected effects of global warming in each of the states in the United States. The report was dismissed by President Bush who called it the work of "the bureaucracy."[21] Governor Whitman frisking Sherron Rolax (1996) from civil rights leaders who saw the incident as a violation of Rolax’s civil rights and an endorsement by Whitman of racial profiling – especially since Rolax was not arrested or found to be violating any law. Whitman told the press that she regretted the incident and pointed to her 1999 efforts against the New Jersey State Police force’s racial profiling practices. In 2001, Rolax learned about the photograph and sued Whitman in federal court, claiming that the search was illegal and an invasion of privacy. The appeals court agreed that the acts did indeed suggest "an intentional violation" of Rolax’s rights, and that he "was detained and used for political purposes by his governor," but upheld the trial court’s decision that it was too late to sue.[16]

September 11 attacks
Whitman appeared twice in New York City after the September 11 attacks to inform New Yorkers that the toxins released by the attacks posed no threat to their health.[22] On September 18, the EPA released a report in which Whitman said, "Given the scope of the tragedy from last week, I am glad to reassure the people of New York and Washington, D.C. that their air is safe to breathe and their water is safe to drink." She also said, "The concentrations are such that they don’t pose a health hazard...We’re going to make sure everybody is safe."[23] Later, a 2003 report by the EPA’s inspector general determined that such assurances were misleading, because the EPA "did not have sufficient data and analyses" to justify the assertions when they were made.[24] A report in July 2003 from the EPA’s Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response gave extensive documentation supporting many of the inspector general’s conclusions, and carried some of them still further.[25] Further, the report found that the White House had "convinced EPA to add reassuring statements and delete cautionary ones" by having the National Security Council control EPA communications after the September 11 attacks.[26] In February 2006, U.S. District Court Judge Deborah A. Batts issued a ruling that rejected Whitman’s request for immunity in a 2004 class action lawsuit brought by a group who claimed exposure to hazardous debris from the collapse of the World Trade Center. The judge stated that "No reasonable person

Environmental Protection Agency
Whitman was appointed by President George W. Bush as Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, taking office on January 31, 2001.[17][18]

Arsenic in drinking water
In January 2001, the Clinton administration in its final weeks declared a new drinking water standard of 0.01 mg/L (10 parts per billion, or ppb) arsenic to take effect January 2006. The old drinking water standard of

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
would have thought that telling thousands of people that it was safe to return to lower Manhattan, while knowing that such return could pose long-term health risks and other dire consequences, was conduct sanctioned by our laws," and called Whitman’s actions "conscience-shocking."[27][28] In June 2007, Whitman testified in front of Congress about the Agency’s culpability in telling rescue workers that the air was safe. She was repeatedly booed by rescue workers and activists who attended the hearing. She defended herself by saying her statements about the air being safe were to people living or working near the area, not to rescue workers. She also said terrorists, not the EPA, were responsible for the tragedies that befell people after September 11.[29] In December 2007, legal proceedings began in a case on the question of responsibility of government officials in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. Whitman is among the defendants in the suit; plaintiffs in the suit allege that Whitman is at fault for saying that the downtown New York air was safe in the aftermath of the attacks.[30] In April 2008, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit overruled the district court, holding that as EPA head Whitman could not be held liable for saying to World Trade Center area residents that the air was safe for breathing after the buildings collapse. The court said that Whitman had based her information on contradictory information and statements from President Bush. The U.S. Department of Justice had argued that holding the agency liable would establish a risky legal precedent because future public officials would be afraid to make public statements.

Christine Todd Whitman
Whitman decided that President Bush should have an EPA administrator willing to defend the new rule in court, which she could not bring herself to do.[33] Federal judges later overturned the new rule, saying it violated the Clean Air Act.[33]

Political philosophy
In 1993, Whitman helped to found the Committee for Responsible Government (CRG), a political advocacy group espousing moderate positions in the Republican Party. In 1997, the CRG softened its pro-choice stance and renamed itself the Republican Leadership Council. In early 2005, Whitman released a book entitled It’s My Party, Too: Taking Back the Republican Party... And Bringing the Country Together Again in which she criticizes the policies of the George W. Bush administration and its electoral strategy, which she views as divisive. She formed a political action committee called "It’s My Party Too" (IMP-PAC), intended to help elect moderate Republicans at all levels of government. IMPPAC is allied with the Republican Main Street Partnership, The Wish List, the Republican Majority for Choice, Republicans for Choice, Republicans for Environmental Protection and the Log Cabin Republicans. After the 2006 midterm elections, IMP-PAC was merged into RLC-PAC, the Republican Leadership Council’s PAC.

Electoral history
• Christine Todd Whitman (R) (inc.), 47% James McGreevey (D), 46% - Murray Sabrin (LBT), 5% • Christine Todd Whitman (R), 49% - James Florio (D) (inc.), 48% • Bill Bradley (D) (inc.), 50% - Christine Todd Whitman (R), 47%

Resignation
On June 27, 2003, after having several public conflicts with the Bush administration, Whitman resigned from her position to spend more time with her family.[31][32] In an interview in 2007, Whitman stated that Vice President Dick Cheney’s insistence on easing air pollution controls, not the personal reasons she cited at the time, led to her resignation.[33] At the time, he pushed the EPA to institute a new rule allowing large polluting plants to make major alterations without installing costly new pollution controls.[33] Refusing to sign off on the new rule, Whitman announced her resignation.[33]

Quotations
• "The defining feature of the conservative viewpoint is a faith in the ability, and a respect for the right, of individuals to make their own decisions - economic, social, and spiritual - about their lives. The true conservative understands that government’s track record in respecting individual rights is poor when it dictates individual choices."[34]

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Christine Todd Whitman

See also
• EPA 9/11 pollution controversy • Health effects of September 11, 2001 attacks

References
[1] "Corporate Governance: Board of Directors". Texas Instruments. http://www.ti.com/corp/docs/csr/corpgov/ BoardOfDirectors.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-02-04. [2] "Board of Directors". http://investors.utc.com/bios.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-02-04. [3] Nuclear Energy Needs to Grow, by Christine Todd Whitman, San Francisco Chronicle, September 12, 2007 [4] Bumiller, Elisabeth. "POLITICS: ON THE TRAIL; In Political Quest, Forbes Runs in Shadow of Father", The New York Times, February 11, 1996. Accessed December 11, 2007. "Christine Todd, Mr. Forbes’s childhood friend from the Far Hills Country Day school, would grow up to become Governor Whitman." [5] Chen, David W. "Former Governor’s Daughter Seeks a Congressional Seat in New Jersey", The New York Times, November 30, 2007. Accessed June 5, 2008. [6] "Lance takes 7th District GOP race", The Star-Ledger, June 4, 2008. Accessed June 4, 2008. [7] "The Floridazation of American Politics", The Weekly Standard, November 5, 2002. [8] “UPI’s Capital Comment for December 18, 2002”, United Press International, December 18, 2002 [9] "On the Road to Reform: An Interview with Kate Whitman", The Moderate Voice, April 16, 2007 [10] "Whitman’s Daughter Cited For Littering", The New York Times, June 16, 1998 [11] King, Wayne. " THE 1990 ELECTIONS: What Went Wrong?; Bradley Says He Sensed Voter Fury But It Was Too Late to Do Anything", The New York Times, November 8, 1990. Accessed March 29, 2008. [12] Hanson, Christopher. "Insider Cynicism: Ed Rollins Meets the Press", Columbia

Journalism Review, January/February 1994. Accessed October 22, 2007. [13] State Budget Contains First Appropriation for State Pension Funds in Many Years [14] Walsh, Mary Williams. "New Jersey Diverts Billions, Endangering Pension Fund", The New York Times, April 4, 2007. Accessed August 7, 2007. [15] Whitman Rejects Panel’s Suggestions About Needle Exchange [16] Nick Hepp and John P. Martin. "Used by governor, killed by streets", Star Ledger, May 28, 2008. [17] "Christie Todd Whitman — Biography". Environmental Protection Agency. September 21, 2007. http://www.epa.gov/history/admin/ agency/whitman.htm. Retrieved on 2008-09-05. [18] "Environmental Protection Agency, Administrator Christie Todd Whitman". The White House, President George W. Bush. http://georgewbushwhitehouse.archives.gov/government/ whitman-bio.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-05. [19] "The history of arsenic regulation". Southwest Hydrology: 16. May/June 2002. [20] EPA (October 31, 2001). EPA announces arsenic standard for drinking water of 10 parts per billion. Press release. [21] "Compilation of Exhibits for 110th Congress’s examination of political interference with climate science" (PDF). House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives. March 19, 2007. http://oversight.house.gov/documents/ 20070319103023-10422.pdf. [22] "Video: Health Effects of 9/11 Dust". Google Video. http://video.google.co.uk/ videoplay?docid=-9137295628446919478&q=genre% [23] "EPA Response to September 11: Whitman Details Ongoing Agency Efforts to Monitor Disaster Sites, Contribute to Cleanup Efforts". EPA. September 18,2001. http://www.epa.gov/wtc/stories/ headline_091801.htm. [24] "EPA Report No. 2003-P-00012" (PDF). EPA. August 21, 2008. 7. http://www.epa.gov/oig/reports/2003/ WTC_report_20030821.pdf. [25] "EPA’s Response to the World Trade Center Towers Collapse, A Documentary

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Political offices Preceded by James Florio Government offices Preceded by Carol Browner Party political offices Preceded by Mary V. Mochary Preceded by Jim Courter Administrator of the EPA January 31, 2001–June 27, 2003 Governor of New Jersey January 18, 1994–January 31, 2001

Christine Todd Whitman

Succeeded by Donald DiFrancesco Succeeded by Michael Leavitt

Republican Nominee for the U.S. Succeeded by Senate (Class 2) from New Jersey Dick Zimmer 1990 Republican Nominee for Governor of New Jersey 1993, 1997 Succeeded by Bret Schundler

Basis for Litigation" (PDF). New York [31] Seelye, Katharine Q. "Often Isolated, Environmental Law and Justice Project. Whitman Quits As E.P.A. Chief". The http://www.nyenvirolaw.org/PDF/ New York Times. May 22, 2003. Jenkins-7-4-03-documentary-d2.pdf. [32] Griscom Little, Amanda. "Muchraker: In [26] Heilprin, John (August 23, 2003). "White her forthcoming memoir, former EPA House edited EPA’s 9/11 reports". chief Christine Todd Whitman takes Seattle Post-Intelligencer. stock of the GOP’s "rightward lurch" http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/ under Bush". Salon.com. January 15, 136350_epa23.html. Retrieved on 2005. 2007-08-07. [33] ^ Becker, Jo; Gellman, Barton. "Angler: [27] "Judge Slams Ex-EPA Chief Over The Cheney Vice Presidency: Leaving No September 11". ABC News. February 2, Tracks". The Washington Post. Page A01. 2006. http://abcnews.go.com/US/ June 27, 2007. wireStory?id=1574211. [34] It’s My Party Too, by Christine Todd [28] Preston, Julia (February 3, 2006). "Public Whitman, p.73 Misled on Air Quality After 9/11 Attack, Judge Says". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/03/ • New Jersey Governor Christine Todd nyregion/ Whitman, National 03suit.html?scp=1&sq=whitman%20batts%20conscience&st=cse.Governors Association • biographical information for Christine "The allegations in this case of Todd Whitman from The Political Whitman’s reassuring and misleading Graveyard statements of safety after the September • It’s My Party Too! 11, 2001 attacks are without question • Republican Leadership Council conscience-shocking. – Judge Batts" • Christine Todd Whitman profile [29] "Whitman on Hot Seat Over 9/11 • Laura Flanders, Bushwomen (ISBN Aftermath". Forbes. June 25,2007. 1-85984-587-8) http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2007/06/ 25/ap3855357.html. [30] Portlock, Sarah (December 11, 2007). "The New York Sun". http://www.nysun.com/new-york/ governments-post-9-11-actionsquestioned/67846/. Retrieved on 2008-07-06.

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christine_Todd_Whitman"

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Christine Todd Whitman

Categories: 1946 births, Living people, Administrators of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, George W. Bush Administration cabinet members, American Presbyterians, Governors of New Jersey, New Jersey Republicans, New Jersey County Freeholders, People from New York City, People from Somerset County, New Jersey, State cabinet secretaries of New Jersey, American women state governors, Women in New Jersey politics, American pro-choice activists This page was last modified on 21 May 2009, at 22:14 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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