15th_Expeditionary_Mobility_Task_Force

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15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force

gained Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard personnel, operate and support airlift, tanker and aeromedical aircraft as part of the 15 EMTF. Primary aircraft assigned to its units are the C-5 Galaxy, C-9 Nightingale, C-17 Globemaster III, C-21, C-130 Hercules, KC-10 Extender, and KC-135 Stratotanker.

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force emblem Active Country Branch Part of Garrison/HQ Engagements • World War II European Campaign (1943–1945) October 30, 1943 – Present United States of America United States Air Force Air Mobility Command Travis Air Force Base, California

Units
Primary operating units of 15 EMTF are: • 22d Air Refueling • 375th Airlift Wing Wing Scott Air Force McConnell Air Base, Belleville, Force Base, Illinois Wichita, Kansas • 515th Air Mobility • 60th Air Mobility Operations Wing Wing Hickam Air Travis Air Force Force Base, Base, Fairfield, Hawaii California • 615th • 62d Airlift Wing Contingency McChord Air Response Wing Force Base, Travis Air Force Pierce County, Base, Fairfield, Washington. California • 92d Air Refueling Wing Fairchild Air Force Base, Spokane, Washington. • 317th Airlift Group Dyess Air Force Base, Abilene, Texas. The 15 EMTF commander is also the Commander, Task Force 294 (TF 294), which provides aerial refueling to aircraft assigned to the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) in time of war. TF 294 includes 28 units from the 15 EMTF and 21

The Fifteenth Expeditionary Mobility Task Force (15 EMTF) is one of two EMTFs assigned to the Air Force’s Air Mobility Command. It is headquartered at Travis Air Force Base, California. The 15 EMTF was a redesignation of Fifteenth Air Force, effective October 1, 2003. The 15th EMTF reports to Headquarters, Eighteenth Air Force at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois,

Mission
The mission of 15 EMTF is to provide strategic and theater airlift for all Department of Defense agencies as well as air refueling for the Air Force in both peace and wartime. This includes the aeromedical evacuation of sick and injured. 15 EMTF provides rapid and flexible Global Reach for America from six major Air Force bases in the United States and 47 locations throughout the Pacific. More than 71,000 people, including active duty and

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EMTF, the Air National Guard, and the Air Force Reserve Command. The 15 EMTS staff assures the operational readiness of its units by conducting readiness assessment visits and staff assistance visits. It acts as an advocate for its subordinate units and enforces higher headquarters policies and directives.

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
Eighteenth Air Force, October 1, 2003 – Pres.

Components
World War II Wings • 5th Bombardment: 1943–1945. • 42d Bombardment: 1943 • 47th Bombardment: 1944–1945 • 49th Bombardment: 1944–1945 • 55th Bombardment: 1944–1945 • 304th Bombardment: 1943–1945. • 305th Bombardment: 1943–1945 • 306th Fighter: 1944–1945 • 307th Bombardment: 1944. Postwar Air Divisions • 1st Strategic Aerospace Division, September 1, 1988 – September 1, 1991 • 4th Air Division, March 31, 1970 – August 23, 1988 • 12th Air Division, February 10, 1951 – June 16, 1952; June 16, 1952 – July 1, 1989 • 13th Strategic Missile Division, July 1, 1959 – July 1, 1963; July 1, 1965 – July 2, 1966 • 14th Air Division, February 10, 1951 – June 16, 1952; June 16, 1952 – September 1, 1991 • 17th Air Division, March 31, 1970 – June 30, 1971 • 18th Strategic Aerospace Division, July 1, 1959 – July 2, 1968 • 21st Air Division, July 16, 1952 – October 16, 1952 • 22d Strategic Aerospace Division, September 9, 1960 – July 1, 1965 • 40th Air Division, July 7, 1989 – June 14, 1991 • 57th Air Division, April 16, 1951 – June 16, 1952; June 16, 1952 – September 4, 1956; January 1975 – June 14, 1991 • 58th Air Division, March 31 – November 1, 1946 • 73d Air Division, March 31 – May 31, 1946 • 311th Air Division, May 1, 1946 – March 31, 1947 • 802d Air Division, May 28, 1952 – July 1, 1955; January 1, 1959 – June 20, 1960 • 810th Strategic Aerospace Division, April 1, 1955 – July 1, 1963; July 2, 1966 – June 30, 1971 • 813th Strategic Aerospace Division, July 15, 1959 – July 2, 1966 • 818th Air Division October 11, 1954 – July 1, 1955

History
Overview
Since its establishment November 1, 1943, in Tunis, Tunisia, under the command of Major General James Doolittle, the 15 EMTF, previously designated Fifteenth Air Force (15th AF), has flown almost every type of aircraft in the Air Force inventory and has participated in every war and major contingency in which the United States has been involved. Originating during World War II as a overseas Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces, it became part of Strategic Air Command in 1946. In 1991, it became part of Air Mobility Command, and is currently engaged in operations as part of the Global War on Terrorism. The command was inactivated at the Numbered Air Force echelon and activated at the Task Force echelon, being assigned to Eighteenth Air Force on October 1, 2003.

Lineage
• Constituted as on October 30, 1943. Activated on November 1, 1943 Inactivated on September 15, 1945 • Activated on March 31, 1946 Inactivated on October 1, 2003 Redesignated and activated as 15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force, October 1, 2003

Assignments
• Headquarters, United States Army Air Forces, November 1, 1943 – February 1944 • United States Strategic Air Forces, February 1944 – March 31, 1946 • Strategic Air Command, September 15, 1946 – January 1, 1942 • Air Mobility Command, January 1, 1992 – October 1, 2003

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• 819th Strategic Aerospace Division, February 1, 1956 – July 1, 1965 • 821st Strategic Aerospace Division, January 1, 1959 – June 30, 1971

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
to reach targets in southern France, Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and the Balkans, some of which were difficult to reach from England. Operational Units • (B-17 Flying Fortress) "Y" Tail Code Transferred from: Twelfth Air Force Headquartered: Foggia, Italy, December 13, 1943 – November 2, 1945 2d Bombardment Group "Circle-Y" 97th Bombardment Group "TriangleY" 99th Bombardment Group "Diamond-Y" 301st Bombardment Group "SquareY" (Green) 483d Bombardment Group "Y-Star" (Red) Transferred from MacDill Field, Florida, March 2, 1944 Attached: 68th Tactical Reconnaissance Group: November 1943 – April 1944

Stations
• Tunis, Tunisia, November 1 – December 31, 1943 • Bari, Italy, December 1, 1943 – March 31, 1946 • Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 15, 1946 – November 7, 1949 • March AFB, California, November 7, 1949 – January 1, 1992 • Travis AFB, California, January 1, 1992 – Present

Operational History
World War II

Fifteenth Air Force (15th AF) was established on November 1, 1943 in Tunis, Tunisia as part of the United States Army Air Forces in the World War II Mediterranean Theater of Operations as a strategic air force and commenced combat operations the day after it was formed. The first commander was General Jimmy Doolittle. 15th AF resulted from a reorganization of Doolittle’s Twelfth Air Force into the 15th with Doolittle in command, and the Ninth Air Force (9th AF) with Lewis H. Brereton in command. The new air force was activated with a strength of ninety B-24 Liberators and 210 B-17 Flying Fortresses, inherited from the Twelfth Air Force and Ninth Air Force. In December, new groups, most of which were equipped with B-24s soon started arriving from the United States. Thirteen new groups were added. It was hoped that the 15th AF stationed in the Mediterranean would be able to operate when the Eighth Air Force (8th AF) in England was socked in by bad English weather. The 9th AF would later move to England to serve as a tactical unit to take part in the invasion of Europe. Once bases around Foggia in Italy became available, the 15th was able

463d Bombardment Group "WedgeY" (Yellow)

Airfields: Amendola (2d BW), Celone (463d BW), Cerignola (97th BW), Foggia (2d BW, 463d BW), Lucera (301st BW), Manduria, (68th RG), Maricianise (97th BW), Sterparone (483d BW), Torotella (99th BW, 483d BW) • (B-24 Liberator) "The Pyramidiers" "Triangle" Tail Code Transferred from Ninth Air Force Headquartered: Manduria, Italy, November 11, 1943 – May 1945 98th Bombardment Group Triangle (Yellow/Black Tail Stripe) 376th Bombardment 449th Bombardment Group "Triangle Circle 3" 450th Bombardment

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Group "Triangle Circle 2" Group "Triangle Circle 5"

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
Group "Black Diamond" 455th Bombardment Group "Black Diamond Yellow Tail" 456th Bombardment Group "Black Diamond Red Tail" Airfields: Giulia (455th BG), San Giovanni (454th BG, 455th BG, 456th BG) • (P-38 Lightning) Transferred from Twelfth Air Force, 1943 Headquartered: Foggia, December 29, 1943 – January 19, 1944 Spinazzola, January 19 – March 6, 1944 1st Fighter Group 27FS (HV Red), 71st (LM Black), 94th (UN Yellow) 14th Fighter Group Airfields: Gioia del Colle (1st FG), Leisna (14th FG 82d FG), Salosa (1st FG), Triolo (14th FG), Vincenzo (82d FG) • (P-51 Mustang) Activated in Italy Headquartered: Bari, Italy, Torremaggiore, Italy, March 8 Bari, March 6 – December 1944 Torremaggiore, December 1944 – September 9, 1945 Group "Black Diamond Yellow/Black Check Tail"

Airfields: Brindisi (98th BG), Grottaglie (449th BG), Lecce (98th BG), Manduria (98th BG), San Pancrazio (376th BG, 450th BG) • (B-24 Liberator) "Red Tail" Transferred from Greenville AAB, South Carolina April 6, 1944 Headquartered: Bari, Italy, April 6, 1944 – October 16, 1945 451st Bombardment Group "Red Tail Red Dot" 461st Bombardment Group "Red Tail Red Dash" Airfields: Gina del Colle (451st BG), San Pancrazio (451st BG), Torretta (484th BG) • (B-24 Liberator) "Yellow/Black Tail" Transferred from: MacDill Field, Florida Headquartered: Taranto, Italy, March 1944 – July 1945 460th Bombardment Wing "Yellow/ Black Tail Square Dot" 464th Bombardment Wing "Yellow/ Black Tail Square l" 465th Bombardment Wing "Yellow/ Black Tail" 485th Bombardment Wing "Yellow/ Black Tail Square X" 484th Bombardment Group "Red Tail Red Bow"

82d Fighter Group

Airfields: Gioia (464th BG), Panatella (464th BG), Spinazzola (460th BG), Venosa (485TH BG) • (B-24 Liberator) "Black Diamond" Activated in Italy Headquartered: Cerignola, Italy, December 29, 1943 – September 1945 454th Bombardment 459th Bombardment

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January 15–27, 1944 Foggia, Italy, January 27 – February 23, 1944 Lucera, Italy, February 23 – March 8, 1944 31st Fighter Group Red diagonal tail stripe 307FS (MX), 308FS (HL), 309FS (WZ) 325th Fighter Group (P-47 Thunderbolt, B-26 Marauder, P-51 Mustang) Black/ Yellow chex Tails 317FS (10-39), 318FS (40-69), 319FS (70-99) 52d Fighter Group (Yellow Tails) 2FS (QP) 4FS (WD), 5FS (VF) 332d Fighter Group ’Tuskegee Airmen’ / ’Red Tail Angels’ 99FS (A00 A39, Blue), 100FS (1-39, Black), 301FS (40-69, White), 302FS (70-99,01-09, Yellow) • – September 3, 1944 Lesina, Italy, September 3, 1944 – March 5, 1945 Fano, Italy, March 5 – July 15, 1945

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
Assigned to 15th Air Force in June 1944 Stationed at Brindisi Re-designated 2641st Special Group (Provisional) 859th BS flew Carpetbagger operations out of England until September 1944 before being moved to MTO 885th BS was initially known as 122nd BS assigned to 68th Reconnaissance Group operating B-17s in the MTO. Assigned to the 15th Special Group in January 1945.

Activated in Italy, December 29, 1943, No units assigned until June 13, 1945 Headquarters: Torremaggiore, December 1944 – September 1945 1st Fighter Group 14th Fighter Group 31st Fighter Group 52d Fighter Group Initial Operations 82d Fighter Group 325th Fighter Group 332d Fighter Group

Airfields: Capodichino (332d FG), Cattolica (332d FG), Madna (52d FG), Mondolfo (31st FG. 325th FG), Montecorvino (332d FG), Piagiolino (52d FG), Ramitelli (332d FG), Rimini (325th FG), Vincenzo (325th FG) .* Sent to Aghione, Corsica from August 10–21, 1944 for Operation DRAGOON (Invasion of Southern France) • Reported directly to Fifteenth Air Force

Restored P-51D of the 31st Fighter Group, 308th Fighter Squadron, "Flying Dutchman", showing 12 aerial victories. The 15th Air Force began its operations on November 2, 1943, attacking the Messerschmitt factory at Wiener Neustadt, Austria.

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15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
On December 1, 1943, the Headquarters was moved to Bari, Italy. On January 4, 1944, Fifteenth, along with Twelfth Air Force were organized into the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces (MAAF), along with the Royal Air Force 205 Group. MAAF was the southern component of U.S. Strategic Air Forces, Europe (USSTAF), the overall USAAF command and control organization in Europe. The first major operation carried out by Fifteenth Air Force was bombing missions in support of the Anzio Landings in Italy, Operation Shingle beginning on January 22, 1944. Strikes on German and fascist Italian targets were carried out and caused widespread damage to Axis forces. Big Week "Big Week" was the name of an intense Eighth and Fifteenth Air Forces series of attacks on Germany in a series of co-ordinated raids on the German aircraft industry. The plan, code-named "Operation Argument", was to use both American strategic air forces in Europe, with support by the Royal Air Force with night bombing raids to destroy or seriously cripple the German ability to produce combat aircraft. The Americans were facing strong Luftwaffe fighter opposition to their daylight bombing raids over Nazi-occupied Europe, and it was planned to initiate Operation Argument at the earliest possible date. On February 22, 1944, Fifteenth Air Force made its first attack on Germany, with an attack on Regensburg. The Fifteenth dispatched a force of 183 bombers to the Oberstraubing Messerschmidt assembly plant. Some 118 bombed with good results but fourteen were shot down. The next day the 15th sent 102 bombers to the Steyr ball-bearing works in Austria where they destroyed twenty percent of the plant. On the 24th, over 180 Liberators inflicted considerable damage to the Messerschmitt Bf 110 assembly plant at Gotha, losing 28 aircraft. On February 25, 114 B-17s and B-24s were dispatched to Steyr again, but the force became separated and the Liberators bombed the Fiume oil refinery instead. Seventeen bombers were lost. Despite these losses, it was believed that the USSTAF had dealt the German aircraft industry a severe blow.

B-24 of the 464h Bomb Group

B-17F of the 97th Bomb Group over the Alps

B-24 of the 451st Bomb Group

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Oil Industry Targets In April, General Eisenhower ordered the USSTAF to attack German fuel production centers by striking both the oil refineries and the factories producing synthetic fuels. The 15th started the offensive on April 5 when it dispatched 235 B-17s and B-24s from Italy to transportation targets in the vicinity of the Ploesti oilfields in Romania. The refineries were attacked again on April 15 and 24, inflicting additional damage. Attacks on oil targets had assumed top priority by October and vast fleets of heavy bombers, escorted by P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang fighters escorted missions to attack refineries in Germany, Czechoslovakia and Romania. The P-51 escorts were able to establish an environment of air superiority, enabling the bombers to roam widely across southern and eastern Europe, attacking targets at Brux in Czechoslovakia, Budapest, Komorom, Győr and Pertfurdo in Hungary, Belgrade and other cities in Yugoslavia and Trieste in north-eastern Italy. Soviet Support By June 1944, the 15th Air Force was bombing railway networks in south-east Europe in support of Soviet military operations in Romania. Throughout the summer of 1944, Austrian aircraft manufacturing centers at Wiener Neustadt were bombed and oil producing centers were attacked. On June 2, 15th Air Force flew its first "shuttle" mission when 130 B-17s and P-51 escorts landed in Russian controlled territory after a raid in Hungary. Two more shuttle missions followed. Operation Anvil In July, the 15th began attacking targets in Southern France in preparation for Operation Anvil, the invasion of Southern France. Marseilles, Lyon, Grenoble and Toulon were all attacked by B-24s and B-17s. The end of the Third Reich The largest 15th Air Force operation of all occurred on April 15, 1945 when 1,235 bombers were dispatched to Wowser near Bologna. The last major air battle took place on April 18 when 305 B-17s and 906 B-24s, plus more than 1,200 fighters were sent to attack Berlin. Jadeschwader 7 "Hindenburg" had managed to assemble forty Messerschmitt Me 262 jets and they tore into the heavy bomber formations. The Messerschmidts were far too fast for the American

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
P-51, which stood little chance against them which managed to shoot down two of them. The Me-262s managed to shoot down twenty five bombers with their rockets. However, the fact was that the German jets were too few and too late to stop the Allied aerial armadas from simply overwhelming the Luftwaffe and leveling their targets. The end came on April 25 when 15th Air Force B-17s bombed the Skoda factory at Pilzen in Czechoslovakia, while B-24s prevented German troops from escaping north into Germany by bombing roads in Austria and rail lines in the Brenner Pass. With the German surrender in Italy, 15th Air Force aircraft began dropping parachutes of supplies and evacuating Allied Prisoners of War. A total of around 2,110 bombers were lost on operations by its fifteen B-24 and six B-17 bombardment groups, while its seven fighter groups claimed a total of 1,836 enemy aircraft destroyed. The Fifteenth was de-activated in Italy September 15, 1945.

Postwar Era
On March 31, 1946, Fifteenth Air Force was reactivated at Colorado Springs AAB, Colorado and assigned to the ten day old Strategic Air Command. 15th AF assumed the assets and personnel of the former Continental Air Forces Second Air Force, which was inactivated on March 30. The original bomb groups assigned to 15th Air Force were: • • Activated at Activated at Smoky Grand Island Hill AAF, Kansas, AAF, Nebraska August 4, 1946 on August 4, Established as 1946 97th Transferred to Bombardment Eleventh Air Wing (Very Force, Heavy), Elmendorf September 11, AAF, Alaska, 1947* October 20, Reassigned to 1946 Eighth Air Force, Reassigned to May 16, 1948 15th AF at • Rapid City AAF, South

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Dakota May 3, 1947 Established as 28th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy), July 28, 1947* • Activated at Ft Worth AAF, Texas, August 4, 1946 Reassigned to Smoky Hill AAF, Kansas, October 1946 Reassigned to Spokane AAF, Washington, June 1947 Established as 92d Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy), November 17, 1947* • Activated at Castle Field, • California, June 21, 1946 Established as 93d Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy), July 28, 1947* Activated at Clovis AAF, New Mexico on August 4, 1946 Inactivated July 16, 1947 Reactivated at Smoky Hill AAF, Kansas, July 16, 1947 Established as 301st Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy), October 15, 1947* Reassigned to Barksdale AFB, Louisiana , November 7, 1949 • Activated at MacDill AAF, Florida on August 4, 1946 Established as 307th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy), July 28, 1947* Reassigned to MacDill AAF, Florida on April 17, 1946 Transferred to Fifteenth Air Force on May 1, 1946 Redesignated as 311th Air Division (Reconnaissance) on April 6, 1948 .*Group became subordinate element to wing. However, demobilization was in full swing and few of these groups were fully equipped or manned. All of these groups were

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force

B-29s stored at Pyote AAF about 1946. Boeing B-29A-35-BN Superfortress 44-61527 in foreground.

SAC B-50A Superfortresses equipped with B-29 Superfortresses, most or all of which were aircraft which returned from Twentieth Air Force groups which returned from the Pacific War. When SAC was established in 1946, its primary bomber aircraft was the B-29. Although there were many in storage they were war-weary. The plane was greatly improved and soon new models, designated the B-50 Superfortress, began joining the inventory replacing the older aircraft. On September 16, 1947, the Army Air Forces became the United States Air Force as a separate and equal element of the United States armed forces. The fledging Air Force quickly established its own identity. Army Air Fields were renamed Air Force Bases and personnel were soon being issued new uniforms with new rank insignia. Once the new Air Force was free of army domination, its first job was to discard the old and inadequate ground army organizational structure. This was the "Base Plan" where the combat group commander reported to the base commander, who was often regular army, with no flying experience.

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General Carl A. Spaatz established a new policy, "No tactical commander should be subordinate to the station commander." This resulted in a search for a better arrangement. The commander of the 15th Air Force, Major General Charles Born, proposed the Provisional Wing Plan, which basically reversed the situation and put the wing commander over the base commander. The USAF basic organizational unit became the BaseWing.

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
groups and squadrons beneath it. As a result, the base and the wing became one and the same unit. On June 16, 1952, the legacy combat groups were inactivated and the operational Combat Squadrons were assigned directly to the Wing. The World War II history, lineage and honors of the combat group were bestowed on the Wing upon its inactivation The USAAF Wing then was redesignated as an Air Division, which was commanded Brigadier General or higher, who commanded two or more wings usually, but not always, on a single base. Numbered Air Forces (NAF) commanded both Air Divisions or Wings directly, and the NAF was under the Major Command (SAC, TAC, ADC, etc.).

Boeing B-50D of 15th Air Force displaying while on detachment to England in May 1953 15th Air Force org chart, 1947 Under this plan, the base support functions - supply, base operations, transportation, security, and medical were assigned to squadrons, usually commanded by a Major or Lt. Colonel. All of these squadrons were assigned to a Combat Support Group, commanded by a Base Commander, usually a Colonel. Combat fighter or bomber squadrons were assigned to the Combat Group, a retention of the USAAF Group. All of these groups, both combat and combat support, were in turn assigned to the Wing, commanded by a Wing Commander. This way the Wing Commander commanded both the combat operational elements on the base as well as the non-operational The Wing Commander was an experienced air combat leader, usually a Colonel or Brigadier General. All of the hierarchical organizations carried the same numerical designation. In this manner, for example, the 28th became the designation for the Wing and all the subordinate The 15th AF returned to a combat-ready role as a result of the 1948 Berlin Crisis, A squadron from the 301st Bombardment Group was deployed with its B-29s at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base, Germany. SAC immediately ordered the group’s other two squadrons to Goose Bay Air Base, Labrador to prepare for immediate deployment to Germany. The 307th and 28th Bombardment Groups were placed on alert and ordered to be ready to deploy within three and twelve hours respectively. Within a few weeks, the other 301st Bomb Groups squadrons had joined the first. Later in July the 28th Bombardment Group left Rapid City AFB, South Dakota for RAF Scampton, England. The 307th Bombardment Group left MacDill AFB, Florida for RAF Marham and RAF Waddington England. On November 7, 1949, Headquarters Fifteenth Air Force was relocated to March AFB, California. As part of this realignment, Most SAC bomber forces west of the Mississippi River were reassigned to 15th AF. Those east of the Mississippi were assigned

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to SAC’s other strategic air force, Eighth Air Force, was reassigned to Westover AFB, Massachusetts, where it commanded all SAC bases in the eastern United States.

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
On July 8, a special FEAF Bomber Command was set up under the command of Major General Emmett O’Donnell. Although President Truman wasn’t willing to risk extensive use of the U.S. bomber force in the United States, which was being used as a deterrent for possible Soviet aggression in Europe, a few groups of B-29 bombers — that were not part of the nuclear strike force — were released. On July 13, the FEAF Bomber Command took over command of the Twentieth Air Force 19th Bombardment Group and of the Fifteenth Air Force’s 22nd and 92nd Bombardment Groups which had been transferred from SAC bases in the United States. Later in July, the Fifteenth Air Force 98th and 307th Bombardment Groups were sent to Japan to join the FEAF. The 92nd and 98th BGs and the 31st SRG operated from bases in Japan, whereas the 19th, 22nd, and 307th BGs were based in Okinawa. When the Korean War ended on July 27, 1953, the B-29s had flown over 21,000 sorties, nearly 167,000 tons of bombs had been dropped, and 34 B-29s had been lost in combat (16 to fighters, four to flak, and fourteen to other causes). B-29 gunners had accounted for 34 Communist fighters (16 of these being MiG-15s) probably destroyed another 17 (all MiG-15s) and damaged 11 (all MiG-15s). Losses were less than 1 per 1000 sorties.

Korean War

Over the course of the war, at least 16 B-29 bombers were shot down by communist aircraft. On June 25, 1950, the armed forces of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) invaded South Korea. On June 27 the United Nations Security Council voted to assist the South Koreans in resisting the invasion. President Harry S. Truman authorized General Douglas MacArthur (commander of the US occupying forces in Japan) to commit units to the battle. MacArthur ordered General George E. Stratemeyer, CIC of the Far Eastern Air Force (FEAF) to attack attacking North Korean forces between the front lines and the 38th parallel. At that time, the 22 B-29s of the Twentieth Air Force 19th Bomb Group stationed at Andersen Field on Guam were the only aircraft capable of hitting the Korean peninsula, and this unit was ordered to move to Kadena Air Base on Okinawa and begin attacks on North Korea. These raids began on June 28. On June 29, clearance was given for B-29 attacks on airfields in North Korea.

Cold War

B-52D Dropping bombs over Southeast Asia With the end of fighting in Korea, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who had taken office in January 1953, called for a "new look" at national defense. The result: a greater reliance on nuclear weapons and air power to deter war. His administration chose to invest in the Air Force, especially Strategic Air

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15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
As a result of the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, Fifteenth Air Force was redesignated the Fifteenth Expeditionary Mobility Task Force, and is currently engaged in operations in support of the Global War on Terrorism.

Quotes
“ KC-135 refueling F-15s and F-16s Command. The nuclear arms race shifted into high gear. The Air Force retired nearly all of its propeller-driven B-29/B-50s and they were replaced by new Boeing B-47 Stratojet aircraft. By 1955 the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress would be entering the inventory in substantial numbers, as prop B-36s were phased out of heavy bombardment units rapidly. Also after the deployment of forces to Far East Air Force to engage in combat over Korea, the history of Fifteenth Air Force becomes indistinguishable from that of Strategic Air Command. During the Cold War, Fifteenth Air Force aircraft stood nuclear alert, providing a deterrence against an attack on the United States by the Soviet Union. During the Vietnam War, squadrons of 15th Air Force B-52 Stratofortesses (B-52Ds mostly, some B-52Gs) were deployed to bases on Guam, Okinawa and Thailand conducting Arc Light strikes on communist forces. I could see omens of the war’s end almost every day in the blue southern sky when, flying provocatively low, the bombers of the American Fifteenth Air Force crossed the Alps from their Italian bases to attack German Industrial targets. — Albert Speer, Hitler’s Minister for Armaments, Inside the Third Reich, Memoirs of Albert Speer ”

References
Notes Bibliography
• Ambrose, Stephen. The Wild Blue: The Men and Boys Who Flew the B24s over Germany, 1944–1945. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001. • Currier, Lt. Col. Donald R. 50 Mission Crush. Burd Street Press, 1992. ISBN 0-94259-743-5. • Capps, Robert S. Flying Colt: Liberator Pilot in Italy. Manor House, 1997. ISBN 0-9640665-1-3. • Capps, Robert S. 456th Bomb Group (H): Steed’s Flying Colts 1943–1945. Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1-56311-141-1. • Dorr, Robert F. B-24 Liberator Units of the Fifteenth Air Force. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2000. ISBN 1-84176-081-1. • Harley, R. Bruce. A Brief History of the Fifteenth Air Force, "Aggresive in War, Alert in Peace". Silver Anniversary, 1 November 1943 – 31 October 1968. March Air Force Base, California: Headquarters Fifteenth Air Force, 1968. • McGuire, Melvin W. and Robert Hadley. Bloody Skies: A 15th AAF B-17 Combat Crew, How They Lived and Died. Yucca Tree Press, 1993. ISBN 1-881325-06-7.

Post Vietnam
Between the Vietnam War and 1991, 15th AF units commanded reconnaissance aircraft and intercontinental ballistic missiles. Fifteenth Air Force became exclusively a tanker command on September 1, 1991. When Strategic Air Command was inactivated June 1, 1992, and its assets divided between the newly created Air Mobility Command and Air Combat Command, Fifteenth Air Force became part of Air Mobility Command. Headquarters Fifteenth Air Force moved from March Air Force Base to Travis Air Force Base on July 2, 1993 with the closure of March, and merged its tankers with the airlift aircraft of the Twenty-Second Air Force. The Twenty-Second Air Force’s flag moved to the Air Force Reserves at Dobbins Air Force Base, Georgia.

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• Millet, Jeffrey R. The Fifteenth Air Force Story: A History 1943–1985. Fifteenth Air Force Association, 1986. • Rust, Kenn C. Fifteenth Air Force Story...in World War II. Temple City, California: Historical Aviation Album, 1976. ISBN 0-911852-79-4. • Scutts, Jerry. P-47 Thunderbolt Aces of the Ninth and Fifteenth Air Force. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1999. ISBN 1-85532-906-9. • Weatherill, David. Aces, Pilots & Aircraft of the 9th, 12th & 15th USAAF. Melbourne, Australia: Kookaburra Technical Publications Pty Ltd., 1978. ISBN 0-85880-032-2.

15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force
• WWII Bomb Groups - European Theater of Operations (ETO) • 2nd Bombardment Group Association • The 99th Bomb Group in WWII • 301st Bombardment Group Heavy • 463rd Bombardment Group Historical Society • 461st Bombardment Group Heavy / 764th, 765th, 766th, 767th sqdn • 483rd Bombardment Group Website • A website about the U.S.A.A.F. • B-17 Bombardier with the 463rd BG • Honor Thy Father: A Tuskegee Airman • Sgt. Coleman D. Moberly, 463rd BG, Stalag Luft I POW • Sam Hewitt, 301st BG, Stalag Luft 4 POW • 15th Army Air Force • 15th Air Force

External links
• The 15th Air Force

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/15th_Expeditionary_Mobility_Task_Force" Categories: Numbered air forces of the United States Air Force, Military in California, Military units and formations of the United States in World War II, USAF Organizations in Korea, Military units and formations established in 1943, Strategic Air Command, Military units and formations of the United States Air Force, World War II European theatre, Cold War, Military units and formations of the United States in the Vietnam War, Conflicts in 1945, World War II strategic bombing This page was last modified on 8 May 2009, at 22:14 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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