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International recognition of Kosovo

International recognition of Kosovo
Kosovo representatives of the Serb minority boycotting the proceedings.[2] International reaction was mixed, and the world community continues to be divided on the issue of the international recognition of Kosovo.

Background
This article is part of the series:

Politics and government of Kosovo Political status of Kosovo • Declaration of independence • Diplomatic response • UNSC Resolution 1244 • Kosovo status process • Standards for Kosovo • UNMIK · EULEX · KFOR • International Steering Group • International Civilian Rep. • Pieter Feith • Military of Kosovo • Kosovo Protection Corps • Kosovo Police Service • Anthem of Kosovo "Europe" • Constitution • Provisional Institutions • President • Fatmir Sejdiu • Government / Prime Minister • Hashim Thaçi • Assembly / Chair • Jakup Krasniqi • Foreign relations • Political parties • Kosovan passport • Elections: • Parliamentary: 2001, 2004, 2007 • Local: 2007, 2008 • Subdivisions of Kosovo • Districts • Municipalities See also Portal:Politics Kosovo’s declaration of independence from Serbia was enacted on Sunday, 17 February 2008 by a unanimous quorum[1] of the Assembly of Kosovo, with 109 in favour and with no opposition, with all 11

As of 19 May 2009, 60 out of 192 sovereign United Nations member states have formally recognised the Republic of Kosovo as an independent state. Notably, a majority of European Union member states have formally recognised Kosovo (22 out of 27). 24 out of 28 NATO member states have recognised Kosovo. Of the four countries that border Kosovo, only Serbia refuses to recognise it. On 27 February 2008, Germany became the first country to formalise its recognition of Kosovo by renaming its diplomatic office in Pristina as an embassy. A number of states expressed concern over the unilateral character of Kosovo’s declaration, or announced explicitly that they will not recognise an independent Kosovo. The UN Security Council remains divided on this issue: of its five members with veto power, three (the United States, United Kingdom, France) have recognised the declaration of independence, while the People’s Republic of China has expressed concern, urging the continuation of previous negotiation framework. Russia has rejected the declaration and considers it illegal.[3] On 15 May 2008, Russia, China, and India released a joint statement where they called for new negotiations between the authorities of Belgrade and Pristina.[4] Although EU member states decide individually whether to recognise Kosovo, by consensus the EU has commissioned the European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX) to ensure peace and continued external oversight. Due to the dispute in the UN Security Council, the reconfiguration of the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) and partial handover to the EULEX mission met with difficulties. In spite of Russian and Serbian protests, the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon proceeded

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with the reconfiguration plan. On 15 July 2008, he stated: "In the light of the fact that the Security Council is unable to provide guidance, I have instructed my Special Representative to move forward with the reconfiguration of UNMIK ... in order to adapt UNMIK to a changed reality". According to the Secretary-General, the "United Nations has maintained a position of strict neutrality on the question of Kosovo’s status".[5] On November 26, 2008, the UN Security Council gave the green light to the plan by Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on the deployment of the EULEX mission in Kosovo. Under the plan, the EU mission is to assume police, justice and customs duties from the UN, while remaining neutral regarding Kosovo’s status and operating under the 1244 resolution that first placed Kosovo under UN administration in 1999.[6] A UN General Assembly resolution adopted on 8 October 2008 backed the request of Serbia to seek an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice on the legality of Kosovo’s unilaterally proclaimed independence.[7] As of late July 2008, UNMIK no longer provides the citizens of Kosovo with travel documents, while their ability to travel using the new Kosovan passport does not correlate with diplomatic recognition: for example Greece, Romania and Slovakia make it possible, while Senegal and Poland do not yet. As of 9 October 2008, the three neighbouring states that recognise Kosovo—Albania, Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia—all accept the Kosovan passport, which Serbia refuses.[8]

International recognition of Kosovo

Positions taken by states

Map of states that have recognised Kosovo independence Kosovo States which formally recognise Kosovo as independent States which do not recognise Kosovo as independent.

States which formally recognise Kosovo as independent
UN member states Non-UN member states

States which do not recognise Kosovo as independent
UN member states Non-UN member states

Positions taken by intergovernmental organisations
Under international law, intergovernmental organisations do not themselves possess the legal capacity to diplomatically recognise any state; their member states do so individually. However, depending on the intergovernmental organisation’s rules of internal governance and the positions of their member states, they may express positive or negative opinions as to declarations of independence, or choose to offer or withhold membership to a newly-declared state.

Serbia’s reaction
See also: 2008 protests in Serbia Serbia claims Kosovo as part of its sovereign territory. Among its reactions, Serbia recalled its ambassadors from countries that recognised Kosovo for consultations for several months, indicted the Kosovar leaders on charges of high treason, and announced plans to litigate the case at the International Court of Justice. Serbia also expelled ambassadors from countries that recognised Kosovo after the vote in the United Nations General Assembly in which the initiative of Serbia to seek an advisory opinion by the International Court of Justice was adopted.[9][10]

Positions taken by nonstate actors
Autonomous regions and secessionist movements

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Country[11] 1 Afghanistan[12]

International recognition of Kosovo

Date of Status of reciprocal Relevant international recognition diplomatic relations membership 02008-02-18 18 February 2008 02008-02-18 18 February 2008 [14] Current United Nations Security Council (UNSC) non-permanent member (member at time of declaration and recognition)

2

Costa Rica[13]

3

Albania[15][16][17]

02008-02-18 Embassy of Albania in North Atlantic Treaty Or18 February Pristina from 19 ganization (NATO) member 2008 February 2008[18] Embassy of Kosovo in Tirana[19][20][21] 02008-02-18 Embassy of France in 18 February Pristina [24] 2008 Embassy of Kosovo in Paris [20] 02008-02-18 Embassy of Turkey in 18 February Pristina[26][27] 2008 Embassy of Kosovo in Ankara[21][28] UNSC permanent member European Union (EU) member NATO member Current UNSC non-permanent member (not member at time of declaration or recognition) NATO member EU candidate UNSC permanent member NATO member

4

France[22][23]

5

Turkey[25]

6

United States[29]

02008-02-18 Embassy of United 18 February States in Pristina[30] 2008 Embassy of Kosovo in Washington, D.C.[20][31]

7

United Kingdom[23][32]

02008-02-18 Embassy of United UNSC permanent mem18 February Kingdom in Pristina ber 2008 from 5 March 2008[33] EU member Embassy of Kosovo in NATO member London[34] 02008-02-19 Diplomatic relations 19 February established on 21 May 2008 2008 [36] Ambassador of Australia to Kosovo, subordinate to the Embassy in Vienna[37] 02008-02-19 19 February 2008 02008-02-20 Latvia and the EU member 20 February Kosovan government NATO member 2008 established diplomatic relations on 10 June 2008[40]

8

Australia[35]

9

Senegal[11][38]

10

Latvia[39]

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11 Germany[41]

International recognition of Kosovo
EU member NATO member

02008-02-20 Embassy of Germany 20 February in Pristina from 27 2008 February 2008[42] Embassy of Kosovo in Berlin[20]

12

Estonia[43]

02008-02-21 Estonia and the EU member 21 February Kosovan government NATO member 2008 established diplomatic relations in Tallinn on 24 April 2008[44] Ambassador of Estonia to Kosovo, residing in Brussels[45] 02008-02-21 Embassy of Italy in 21 February Pristina from 15 May 2008 2008[48] Embassy of Kosovo in Rome[20] EU member UNSC non-permanent member at time of declaration and recognition (not currently a member) NATO member

13

Italy[46][47]

14

Denmark[49]

02008-02-21 Ambassador of DenEU member 21 February mark to Kosovo, sub- NATO member 2008 ordinate to the Embassy in Vienna from 6 March 2008[50] 02008-02-21 Liaison Office of Lux21 February embourg in 2008 Pristina[52] 02008-02-22 22 February 2008 02008-02-24 Liaison Office of BelgiEU member 24 February um in Pristina[56] UNSC non-permanent 2008 Embassy of Kosovo in member at time of declaraBrussels[20][31] tion and recognition (not currently a member) NATO member 02008-02-26 26 February 2008 02008-02-27 Embassy of Switzer27 February land in Pristina from 2008 28 March 2008[59][60] Embassy of Kosovo in Bern[20] 02008-02-28 Embassy of Austria in 28 February Pristina from 20 2008 March 2008[62][63] Embassy of Kosovo in Vienna[20][21] Current UNSC non-permanent member (not member at time of declaration or recognition) EU member EU member NATO member EU member NATO member

15

Luxembourg[51]

16

Peru[53][54]

17

Belgium[11][54][55]

18

Poland[57]

19

Switzerland[58]

20

Austria[61]

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21 Ireland[64]

International recognition of Kosovo
EU member

02008-02-29 Ambassador of Ireland 29 February to Kosovo, subordin2008 ate to the Embassy in Budapest from 11 November 2008[65] 02008-03-04 Liaison Office of 4 March Sweden in Pristina, 2008 subordinate to the Embassy in Skopje[67] Embassy of Kosovo in Stockholm, to open.[68]

22

Sweden[66]

EU member

23

Netherlands[69]

02008-03-04 Embassy of the NethEU member 4 March erlands in Pristina NATO member 2008 from 27 June 2008[70] Embassy of Kosovo in The Hague, to open.[68] 02008-03-05 5 March 2008 02008-03-05 Embassy of Slovenia 5 March in Pristina from 15 2008 May 2008[73][74] Embassy of Kosovo in Ljubljana, to open.[68] 02008-03-07 Embassy of Finland in 7 March Pristina[77] 2008 NATO member

24

Iceland[71]

25

Slovenia[8][11][72]

EU member President country of Council of the European Union at time of declaration NATO member EU member

26

Finland[75][76]

27

Japan[78]

02008-03-18 Diplomatic relations Current UNSC non-per18 March established 25 Febru- manent member (not mem2008 ary 2009[79] ber at time of declaration Liaison Office of Japan or recognition) in Pristina[80] Embassy of Kosovo in Tokyo, to open.[68] 02008-03-18 Ambassador of NATO member 18 March Canada to Kosovo, 2008 subordinate to the Embassy in Zagreb[82] 02008-03-19 19 March 2008 02008-03-19 Embassy of Hungary 19 March in Pristina [86] 2008 EU member NATO member

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Canada[81]

29

Monaco[83][84]

30

Hungary[85]

31

Croatia[8][87]

02008-03-19 Embassy of Croatia in Current UNSC non-per19 March Pristina from 6 manent member (member 2008 November 2008[88] at time of declaration and Embassy of Kosovo in recognition) Zagreb, to open.[68]

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International recognition of Kosovo
EU candidate NATO member

32

Bulgaria[11][89]

02008-03-20 Embassy of Bulgaria 20 March in Pristina[90] 2008 02008-03-25 Liechtenstein’s in25 March terests are represen2008 ted by the Swiss embassy[92] 02008-03-28 28 March 2008

EU member NATO member

33

Liechtenstein[91]

34

South Korea[93]

35

Norway[11][94]

02008-03-28 Embassy of Norway in NATO member 28 March Pristina[95][96] 2008 02008-04-17 17 April 2008 02008-04-23 23 April 2008 Current UNSC non-permanent member (member at time of declaration and recognition)

36

Marshall Islands[11][97] Nauru[98]

37

38

Burkina Faso[11][99] 02008-04-24 24 April 2008 Lithuania[100]

39

02008-05-06 Diplomatic relations EU member 6 May 2008 with Kosovo estabNATO member lished on 1 September 2008.[101] 02008-05-11 11 May 2008 02008-05-21 Embassy of the Czech EU member 21 May Republic in Pristina NATO member 2008 from 16 July 2008[104][105] Embassy of Kosovo in Prague, to open.[106] For details see: Czech Republic–Kosovo relations 02008-05-30 30 May 2008

40

San Marino[11][102]

41

Czech Republic[103]

42

Liberia[11][107]

43

Sierra Leone[11][108] 02008-06-13 13 June 2008 Colombia[109] 02008-08-06 Embassy of Kosovo in 6 August Bogotá, to open.[68] 2008

44

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45 Belize[109][110] 02008-08-07 7 August 2008 02008-08-21 21 August 2008 02008-09-15 15 September 2008

International recognition of Kosovo

46

Malta[11][111]

EU member

47

Samoa[11][112][113]

48 Portugal[114][115][116] 49 Montenegro[8][117][118] 50 Macedonia[8][119][120]

02008-10-07 Embassy of Kosovo in 7 October Lisbon, to open[106] 2008 02008-10-09 Embassy of Kosovo in 9 October Podgorica, to open.[68] 2008

EU member NATO member

02008-10-09 Liaison Office of EU candidate 9 October Macedonia in Pristina. 2008 Embassy of Kosovo in Skopje, to open.[68] 02008-10-14 Embassy of Kosovo in 14 October Abu Dhabi, to 2008 open.[68] 02008-10-30 Liaison Office of 30 October Malaysia in 2008 Pristina[125] 02008-12-05 5 December 2008 02009-01-16 16 January 2009 UNSC non-permanent member at time of declaration (not a member at time of recognition; not currently a member)

51

United Arab Emirates[121][122] Malaysia[123][124]

52

53

Federated States of Micronesia[126] Panama[127]

54

55

Maldives[128]

02009-02-19 Diplomatic relations 19 February established on April 2009 16, 2009.[129] 02009-03-06 6 March 2009 02009-04-07 7 April 2009 02009-04-20 Embassy of Kosovo in 20 April Riyadh, to open.[134] 2009 Liaison office of Saudi Arabia in Pristina.[135] 02009-05-14 14 May 2009

56

Palau[130]

57 58

Gambia[131] Saudi Arabia[132][133]

59

Comoros[136][137]

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60 Bahrain[138] 02009-05-19 19 May 2009

International recognition of Kosovo

Country

Date of Status of reciprocal diplomatic relations recognition

Republic of 02008-02-18 Has official diplomatic relations with 23 states. Kosovo has not China 18 February reciprocated, courting recognition from People’s Republic of [139] (Taiwan) 2008 China[140][141][142]

International non-governmental organisations

International Court of Justice advisory opinion proceedings
On 26 March 2008 the Government of Serbia announced its intention to litigate at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) the legality of the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo. On 15 August 2008 Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić filed a request at the United Nations, seeking the General Assembly’s referral to the ICJ for an advisory opinion in the matter. On 8 October 2008, in a vote was taken at the United Nations, 77 member states backed the initiative. The resulting adopted UN GA resolution, designated A/63/L.2, states:[7] Reflecting on the goals and principles of the UN, bearing in mind the functions and power in line with the UN Charter, we recall that on February 17, 2008 the provisional institutions of self-government of Kosovo proclaimed independence from the Republic of Serbia. Aware that this act was received differently by UN members in relation to its harmonisation with the existing legal order, We decide to request from the ICJ, in line with Article 96 of the UN Charter and Article 65 of the ICJ Statute, to give an advisory opinion on the following question: "Is the unilateral declaration of independence by provisional institutions of self-government in Kosovo in accordance with international law?"

On 21 April 2009, the ICJ announced that 35 member states of the United Nations had filed written statements within the time-limit fixed by the court (17 April 2009) on the question of the legality of Kosovo’s UDI. Kosovo also filed a written contribution.[377] The court later announced the inclusion of documents submitted by Venezuela and the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.[378]

See also
Diplomatic missions of Kosovo Foreign relations of Kosovo List of diplomatic missions in Kosovo List of states with limited recognition Membership of Kosovo in international sports federations • International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia • 2008 post-declaration of independence unrest in Kosovo • • • • •

Notes and references
[1] "Kosovo MPs proclaim independence". BBC. 2008-02-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/ 1/hi/world/europe/7249034.stm. Retrieved on 2008-10-13. [2] "Transkript: Nga Seanca Plenare e Jashtëzakonshme Solemne e Kuvendit Të Kosovës Me Rastin e Shpalljes Së Pavarësisë, Të Mbajtur Më 17 Shkurt 2008" (in Albanian) (PDF). Republic of Kosovo Assembly. 2008-02-17. http://www.assembly-kosova.org/ common/docs/proc/ trans_s_2008_02_17_al.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-10-12. [3] Harding, Luke (2008-02-15). "Kosovo breakaway illegal, says Putin". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/ world/2008/feb/15/russia.kosovo. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.

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Country Position

International recognition of Kosovo
Relevant international membership

Algeria

Mourad Medelci, Foreign Affairs Minister, said that "although Algeria sympathises with all Muslim countries, we cannot yet recognise Kosovo as an independent state. There are international laws and they must be respected. We are following the situation very closely".[143][144] On 19 June 2008, during the meeting of Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Algeria was among countries that opposed the recognition of Kosovo as an independent country.[145] In March 2009, Algerian Foreign Minister Mourad Medelci, following a meeting with Serbian counterpart, said "We also talked about Kosovo, and I had the opportunity to confirm to Mr Jeremic the constancy of the position of Algeria, in conformity with international legality. We believe that Kosovo is an integral part of the Republic of Serbia. We supported the effort of Serbia when it asked the UN General Assembly to take the problem to the International Court of Justice".[146] In May 2009, the Ambassador of Algeria to Serbia, Abdelkader Mesdoua stated "The Algerian government’s position on the issue of Kosovo is clear. We consider this to be a problem of partition, secession, not of self-determination... We will not recognize Kosovo as independent and we will remain firmly on this position, unless there is a development that would have Serbia change its stance, but that would be a different question that we would consider then".[147] On 23 June 2008, President José Eduardo dos Santos sent a message to his Serbian counterpart, Boris Tadić, regarding the unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo through Vicente Muanda, chargé d’affaires of the Angolan Embassy in Serbia. Muanda handed over the letter to Jovan Ratković, foreign policy advisor to the President. It reiterated the solidarity of President Eduardo dos Santos and Angola to Serbia, in regard to the preservation of its sovereignty and integrity.[148]

Angola

Argentina Argentine Foreign Minister Jorge Taiana said "if we were to recognize Kosovo, which has declared its independence unilaterally, without an agreement with Serbia, we would set a dangerous precedent that would seriously threaten our chances of a political settlement in the case of the Falkland Islands". He said that President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner would not give any official statement on the issue, reiterating that there would be no recognition of Kosovo.[149] Argentina will not recognise also because it "supports the principle of territorial integrity". Additionally, he stressed that the 1999 UN Resolution 1244 called for the mutual agreement of all parties to solve the dispute.[150] Armenia On 12 March 2008, President Serzh Sargsyan stated that "Armenia’s possible recognition of Kosovo’s independence will not strain the Armenian-Russian relations" but also noted that "Kosovo recognition issue needs serious discussion ... Armenia has always been an adherent to the right of nations to self-

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International recognition of Kosovo

determination and in this aspect we welcome Kosovo’s independence."[151] On 3 September 2008 President Serzh Sargsyan stated: "Today one is wondering from time to time why Armenia is not recognizing the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The answer is simple: for the same reason that it did not recognize Kosovo’s independence. Having the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Armenia can not recognize another entity in the same situation as long as it has not recognized the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic". A nation’s right to self-determination "takes times", requiring the understanding of "all interested parties". Accordingly, Armenia is trying to "convince" Azerbaijan to accept the loss of Karabakh, stated the president.[151][152] In November 2008, whilst commenting on Russia’s recognition of Georgia’s break away regions, Sargsyan said "In case with Kosovo the right of nations to self-determination was applied. However, Russia’s similar step was given a hostile reception"[153]. Azerbaijan Spokesman of the Foreign Ministry, Khazar Ibrahim, said "We view this illegal act as being in contradiction with international law. Proceeding from this, Azerbaijan’s position is clear: it does not recognise [Kosovo’s] independence".[154] Azerbaijan has also withdrawn peacekeepers from Kosovo. Zahid Oruj, member of the parliamentary committee on defence and security, explained it by saying "Owing to the change of situation in Kosovo, the Azeri peacekeeping battalion performing its mission within the Turkish contingent will be withdrawn. Azerbaijan acts in compliance with the country’s political stance".[155] At the summit of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on 10 March 2008, Azerbaijan opposed adoption of the document, proposed by Turkey, that would lend support to Kosovo’s declaration of independence.[156] On 19 June 2008, during the meeting of Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Azerbaijan was among countries that opposed the recognition of Kosovo as an independent country.[145] On 29 June 2008 the Prime Minister, Fakhruddin Ahmed, during a meeting with the United States Ambassador to Bangladesh, James F. Moriarty, affirmed that "Bangladesh will recognize the new European country". The Prime Minister also assured the US ambassador that "Bangladesh is committed to lobbing [sic] Asian Muslim countries to recognize Kosovo. Bangladesh will actively contribute to the development of Kosovo".[157] Following a meeting on 17 December 2008 between Bangladeshi Foreign Adviser Dr. Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury and United States Ambassador James F. Moriarty, the media were told that the question of Kosovo recognition was under "active consideration of the [Bangladeshi] government."[158] At a meeting in January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Kurt Mach, Barbados’ general consul assigned to Vienna, Mr. Mach promised to inform his government about Kosovo’s achievements, and that he would encourage his country to consider recognising Kosovo.[159]

Bangladesh

Barbados

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Belarus

International recognition of Kosovo

President Alexander Lukashenko wrote in a letter to Serbian President Boris Tadić that "Belarus expresses its solidarity with the Serbians’ intention to defend their sovereignty and territorial integrity".[160] The National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus had issued a statement condemning the declaration of independence and encouraged all nations to call the move "illegal" under international law.[161][162] The Foreign Ministry of the Republic of Belarus published a statement saying "that the settlement of the Kosovo and Metochia status should progress under international law, based on UN Security Council resolution 1244 (of 1999) which is a fundamental document for the Kosovo settlement certifying the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Serbia, and based on the key provisions of the UN Charter and Helsinki Final Act, with the essential role of the UN Security Council bearing a predominant responsibility for safeguarding international peace and security".[163] At a meeting on 24 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Jean-Francis Regis Zinsou, the head of Benin’s mission to the UN, Mr. Zinsou said that his government would review Kosovo’s request for recognition.[164] President Evo Morales refused to recognise Kosovo’s independence and compared Kosovo separatists to the leaders of four eastern Bolivian states who have demanded greater autonomy from the federal government.[165]

Benin

Bolivia

Bosnia On 27 August 2008, former Bosnian ambassador in Turkey and Hajrudin Somun wrote an editorial discussing Kosovan passHerzegovina ports, where he summarised to-date Bosnian position on Kosovo: "As in many other matters, Bosnia and Herzegovina is deeply divided over Kosovo’s independence. The parliament of the ’Republika Srpska’ entity, which covers 49 percent of the country’s territory, adopted a special resolution denouncing Kosovo’s independence and wide demonstrations have been organized there in protest. Keeping in mind that Serb leaders of that entity have threatened to secede from Bosnia and Herzegovina and join Serbia as compensation for losing Kosovo, Bosnian Presidency Chairman Haris Silajdžić said simply that his country is ’unlikely to recognize Kosovo’s independence any time soon due to strong objections from its own Serb community’".[8][166] The Foreign Minister Sven Alkalaj informed the public on 2 August 2008 that by law Bosnia and Herzegovina cannot accept Kosovan passports, until the Bosnian presidency makes such a determination.[167] On 26 September 2008 while attending General Assembly of the United Nations in New York, Bosnian President Haris Silajdžić said in a Voice of America interview broadcast back to Bosnia in Bosnian language that he supports Kosovo’s independence and is opposed to Serbia’s request that the International Court of Justice issue an opinion on the legitimacy of Kosovo’s independence.[168] Silajdžić spoke in his own name as the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina did not adopt a platform which would allow him to speak officially.[169]

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Brazil

International recognition of Kosovo

The Brazilian government reaffirmed its belief that a peaceful solution for the issue of Kosovo must continue to be sought through dialogue and negotiation, under the auspices of the United Nations and the legal framework of Resolution 1244 of the Council Security. In his recent declarations, the Minister of Foreign Relations Celso Amorim defended that Brazil should await a UN Security Council decision before defining its official position on the matter of Kosovo’s independence.[170][171] According to Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, Brazil will support Serbia by presenting their negative opinion about Kosovo independence to the ICJ.[172] In a 27 February 2008 press release, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile called on the parties concerned to achieve, by peaceable means, through dialogue and adherence to the international law, a solution that respects the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter. Chile will continue to analyse the discussions that have taken and are taking place, both in the UN Security Council, and in the Council of Ministers of the European Union.[173] The Chinese Foreign Minister has made a statement stressing UNSC perthat the PRC "expresses grave concern" over Kosovo’s unilater- manent al declaration of independence. The Minister’s remarks go on member to add that "The resolution of the Kosovo issue bares [sic] on peace and stability of the Balkan region, the fundamental norms governing international relations as well as the authority and role of the UN Security Council. China always believes that a plan acceptable to both Serbia and Kosovo through negotiations is the best way to resolve this issue. The unilateral move taken by Kosovo will lead to a series of consequences. China is deeply worried about its severe and negative impact on peace and stability of the Balkan region and the goal of establishing a multi-ethnic society in Kosovo. China calls upon Serbia and Kosovo to continue negotiations for a proper resolution within the framework of the international law and work together to safeguard peace and stability of the Balkan region. The international community should create favorable conditions for that."[174][175] On 15 May 2008, the Foreign Ministers of India, Russia and China made a joint statement regarding Kosovo during the conference in Ekaterinburg. It was read by the host minister, Sergey Lavrov of Russia, and it said "In our statement, we recorded our fundamental position that the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo contradicts Resolution 1244. Russia, India and China encourage Belgrade and Pristina to resume talks within the framework of international law and hope they reach an agreement on all problems of that Serbian territory".[4][176][177][178] Serbian Deputy Prime Minister Božidar Đelić told reporters after a meeting in Beijing with Politburo member Liu Yandong that China reiterated its support to help Serbia preserve her territorial integrity. "Just as Serbia supports the one China policy, China supports Serbia as its best and most stable friend in southeastern Europe."[179] The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cuba has not issued an official statement regarding the independence of Kosovo.

Chile

People’s Republic of China

Cuba

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International recognition of Kosovo

On 29 February 2008, writing in his personal "Reflections of Fidel" column, which is published in the official newspaper of the Communist Party of Cuba, Granma Internacional (and since translated into English and archived on the Trabajadores website), Fidel Castro, the ex-President and the current foreign policy advisor to Raúl Castro, attacked Javier Solana, accusing him of being the ideological father of Kosovo’s "independence", and by doing so, putting at risk the ethnic cohesion and the very state integrity of Spain or The United Kingdom, both of which experience separatist movements of their own. Referring to Kosovo "independence" (in quotes), Castro made no identifiable statement concerning Cuba possibly withholding its recognition of Kosovo, or granting it.[180] Cyprus Then Foreign Minister Erato Kozakou Marcoullis, of the EU Papadopoulos administration, stated "Cyprus will never recog- member nize a unilateral declaration of independence outside the U.N. framework, and in particular by side-stepping the role of the Security Council".[181] Newly elected President Dimitris Christofias has confirmed that Cyprus would not recognise Kosovo as an independent country, out of respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Serbia.[182] Christofias reiterated his opposition to recognition in an interview with a Russian newspaper, saying, "The one thing that Kosovo and Cyprus have in common, as far as the situation in these regions is concerned, is that in both cases, the basic principles of international law and legality, as well as UN decisions, are constantly being violated". The Cypriot president underlined that the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of both Serbia and the Republic of Cyprus were being violated in the most brutal manner.[183] On 23 February 2009, in a meeting with Serbian President Boris Tadic, Cypriot President Dimitris Christofias said, "Cyprus has not recognized the unilaterally declared independence of Kosovo and we will not recognize it in the future. We are on your side, not only because your case is similar to ours, but because it is a matter of principles".[184] In response to a request from the research department of the Faculty of Law of the University of Oxford regarding the analysis of developments related to the independence of Kosovo, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that there should be "unrestricted compliance with the rules and principles of the United Nations Charter and International Law".[185] At a meeting in January 2009 between Kosovan Foreign Minister Skender Hyseni and Maria Elena Moreira, Ecuador’s Ambassador to Austria, Mrs. Moreira said that the government of her country has carefully followed developments in Kosovo, and taking into account the recognition of Kosovo by European and Latin American countries, Ecuador will seriously consider the request for recognition of Kosovo as an independent and sovereign country.[186] At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Diego Morejón-Pazmino, the Ambassador of Ecuador to the UN, Mr. Morejón-Pazmino said that Ecuador has been carefully following developments in Kosovo, and he stressed the importance of

Ecuador

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International recognition of Kosovo

building democratic institutions and a society with rights guaranteed to all communities. Mr. Morejón-Pazmino also said that Ecuador would carefully examine developments before making a decision on whether to recognise Kosovo.[187] Egypt Soon after Kosovo’s declaration of independence, an Egyptian Foreign Ministry spokesman urged the parties to abide by international law and support regional stability, but did not say whether Egypt would recognise Kosovo.[188] At the summit of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on 10 March 2008, Egypt opposed adoption of the document, proposed by Turkey, that would lend support to Kosovo’s declaration of independence.[156] On 19 June 2008, during the meeting of Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Egypt was among countries that opposed the recognition of Kosovo as an independent country.[145] On 29 September 2008, Foreign Minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit said that his government was closely following all developments in Kosovo and the region, and that his country would act at the right time regarding the issue of the recognition of Kosovo.[189] In an interview to Večernje novosti on 29 September 2008, the Ambassador of Egypt to Serbia, Adel Ahmed Naguib, stated that Egypt respects Serbia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, and believes that an agreement should be found to satisfy both sides, for a win-win outcome.[190] In early November 2008, presidential adviser and former deputy foreign minister, Abdullah el-Esha’al stated "that recognition of Kosovo independence will assertively come from Egypt very soon, because we are keen to contribute to peace and stability to this part of the world, and now we are very well informed about your history and self-determination endeavors to build your independent state".[191][192][193] In late November 2008, however, Egypt blocked Kosovo’s delegation from taking part in the Organisation of the Islamic Conference’s second Ministerial Conference on Women to be held in Cairo. Even though the OIC had previously allowed Kosovo to participate with guest status on the request of Albania, Egypt objected and barred the delegation from talks.[194] On April 1, 2009, President Hosni Mubarak assured Serbian President Boris Tadić that Egypt will not recognise Kosovo, according to Tadić. The two leaders agreed that all global problems should be resolved within the United Nations.[195] On 15 May 2009, Arber Geci, a spokesman for the New Kosovo Alliance Party announced that party leader Behgjet Pacolli had received a promise of recognition from the President-elect of El Salvador, Mauricio Funes. Geci said that this recognition will be made when Funes takes charge on 1 June.[196] At a meeting in January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Kongit Sinegiorgis, Ethiopia’s Ambassador to Austria, Mrs. Sinegiorgis stated that the Ethiopian Government remains committed to considering Kosovo and its recognition, and will bring a decision at the right time.[197]

El Salvador

Ethiopia

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Georgia

International recognition of Kosovo

The Foreign Minister of Georgia, David Bakradze, said on 18 February 2008 that Tbilisi would not recognise Kosovo’s independence, adding: "I think everyone in Georgia, regardless of political orientation, is unanimous on this".[188][198][199] On 29 March 2008 the Prime Minister, Lado Gurgenidze, gave a recorded interview in Estonia, in which he clearly said in English that as Georgia’s friends have recognised Kosovo, it is only natural that eventually Georgia will do likewise. The printed publication of the interview elicited demands by the opposition to impeach him, and the government spokesman stated that the Prime Minister was misinterpreted, after which the Estonian paper Postimees, which conducted and printed the interview, released the audio to the world.[200] On 9 May 2008 President of Georgia, Mikhail Saakashvili, said "We are saying loud and clear that we have never planned to recognize Kosovo. Nor do we plan to do so in the future. The way out of the situation that has been chosen is not the best one. The Serbs should have been given more time for negotiations. The solution for Kosovo was a hasty one".[201] In mid-March 2008, Ghanaian president John Agyekum Kufuor stated that Ghana "would be guided by consultations through the United Nations (UN) system", and that he "wished the best for Serbia to attain genuine peace and stability".[202] At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Leslie Kojo Christian, Ghana’s ambassador to the UN, Mr. Christian said that in time, his government would make a decision on the recognition of Kosovo.[203] The day after the declaration, Greece stated that it would make EU mema decision whether to recognise independent Kosovo or not ber after examining the issue in depth and that its decision would NATO come as a result of close cooperation with European and neigh- member bouring countries, bearing in mind Serbia’s role in maintaining regional stability.[204] On 7 July 2008, according to New Kosova Report, President Karolos Papoulias said that his "country is doing positive small and diligent steps in the direction towards recognizing Kosovo independence".[205] According to Tanjug, on the other hand he pointed out that UN Security Council Resolution 1244 was still in force and questioned "how can the important principle of territorial integrity be ignored?" He also stated that both the U.S. and Russia had an interest in the Balkans, adding that "Europe has made big mistakes in the Balkans".[206] On 29 August 2008, following the crisis in the Caucasus, an MFA spokesman replied in passing during a press briefing that Greece did not recognise Kosovo and will not recognise South Ossetia and Abkhazia because "the basic principle of respect for the territorial integrity and independence of states" is of "long-standing importance to, and is a fundamental constant of, the Greek foreign policy of all Greek governments".[207] Subsequent official statements issued by the Greek Foreign Minister Dora Bakoyannis in August and September 2008 about Greece’s engagement in EULEX said that Greece has interest in the betterment of the living conditions in Kosovo, especially that of minorities.[208]

Ghana

Greece

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International recognition of Kosovo

According to Kosovo’s Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi, in September 2008 Dora Bakoyannis herself extended an invitation for Kosovo to open a visa-granting liaison office in Athens.[209] In November 2008, Koha Ditore, a daily from Pristina, reported that in an interview to Vizion +, a TV station from Albania, Bakoyannis allegedly declared that Greece would recognise Kosovo soon and quoted her as saying, "I can say that we don’t actually recognise Kosovo, but we will soon," and "Kosovo’s problem is one of the oldest problems of the Balkans. We do not recognise its independence based on the principle of territorial integrity, but on the other side we know that the flow of the river cannot change".[210] The same day however, the Greek Ambassador to Belgrade, Christos Panagopoulos, refuted those reports by saying that the position of Greece on Kosovo remained unchanged and that Greece "will not recognize any time soon Kosovo, in keeping with respect of territorial integrity of states". Allegations on Bakoyannis’ statement were also denied by the Greek foreign ministry.[211] In February 2009, a spokesman from the Greek embassy in Belgrade said that Greece has no plans to alter its stance on Kosovo despite the adoption of EP resolution calling on EU states that have not recognised Kosovo to do so. He also added that all Greek MEPs who attended the debate in Strasbourg "voted against the resolution".[212] In May 2009, Greece backed Kosovo’s IMF bid and voted in favour of it to become the IMF’s latest member.[213] See also: Kosovo passport#Recognition Grenada At a meeting on 24 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Dessima M. Williams, Grenada’s Ambassador to the UN, Mrs. Williams (who is also chair of CARICOM in the UN) said that Grenada, along with other CARICOM member countries, is trying to achieve unity to make a decision for Kosovo. She has also said that Grenada is closely following developments in Kosovo and the decision for recognition will be considered at the right time.[214] At a meeting on 26 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Gert Rosenfal, the Ambassador of Guatemala to the UN, Mr. Rosenfal said that his country’s government is carefully studying the developments in Kosovo, and the ongoing preparations to present a case to the International Court of Justice. He also said that Guatemala is working with others in Latin America to reach a decision.[215] On 28 August 2008, the Parliament Speaker of the Republic of Kosovo, Jakup Krasniqi, was informed in a meeting with the Ambassador of Haiti to the US, Raymond Joseph, that the "Haitian government is in the process of recognition of Kosovo independence".[216] At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Leo Merores, the Ambassador of Haiti to the UN, Mr. Merores said that the government of Haiti would very soon examine Kosovo’s demand for recognition.[217]

Guatemala

Haiti

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India

International recognition of Kosovo

On 18 February 2008, in response to questions on developments regarding Kosovo, an official spokesperson of the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said, "It has been India’s consistent position that the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries should be fully respected by all states. We have believed that the Kosovo issue should have been resolved through peaceful means and through consultation and dialogue between the concerned parties. We have taken note of the Unilateral Declaration of Independence by Kosovo. There are several legal issues involved in this Declaration. We are studying the evolving situation".[218] In March 2008, the Indian ambassador to Serbia, Ajay Swarup, told a Serbian newspaper, "India’s position on Kosovo has been and still is consistent, and that is that the sovereignty and territorial integrity of every country must be fully respected by all other countries". Swarup added that a "high level of India’s support to Serbia" can be seen from the comments and articles which appeared in the Indian press following Kosovo’s declaration. Swarup also pointed out that Kosovo "can set a very dangerous precedent for similar cases around the world".[219] On 15 May 2008, the Foreign Ministers of India, Russia and China made a joint statement regarding Kosovo during the conference in Ekaterinburg. It was read by the host minister, Sergey Lavrov of Russia, and it said "In our statement, we recorded our fundamental position that the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo contradicts Resolution 1244. Russia, India and China encourage Belgrade and Pristina to resume talks within the framework of international law and hope they reach an agreement on all problems of that Serbian territory".[4][176][177][178] On 31 July 2008, Ambassador Swarup stated that "India abides by the principles of international law and does not recognize Kosovo’s secession".[220] In January 2009, Ajay Swarup, the Indian ambassador to Belgrade, stated "India will support Serbia on the issue of protection of her sovereignty in all international forums".[221] UNSC nonpermanent member at time of declaration (not currently a member)

Indonesia On 19 February 2008, Foreign Ministry spokesman Kristiarto Soeryo Legowo said that the Indonesian government will closely observe developments in Kosovo and is not yet in a position to give its recognition to the unilaterally declared independence. The issue will be debated in parliament among the Indonesian parties.[222] At the summit of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on 10 March 2008, Indonesia opposed adoption of the document, proposed by Turkey, that would lend support to Kosovo’s declaration of independence.[156] On 27 March 2008, Indonesian Foreign Minister Hassan Wirajuda stated that Indonesia does not see Kosovo as a religious, but as an ethnic and political problem as well as the question of principle of respecting sovereignty and territorial integrity of a UN member. He said that "Indonesia supports a solution to the Kosovo problem with peaceful means, through dialogue and negotiations", and added that "Indonesia supports Serbia’s idea that the UN General Assembly asks for opinion from the International Court of Justice on the legality of declaration of

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independence by Kosovo".[223] On 19 June 2008, during the meeting of Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Indonesia was among countries that opposed the recognition of Kosovo as an independent country.[145] On 26 August 2008, the Ambassador of Indonesia in Belgrade, Muhammad Dalimunthe, said that "Indonesia stands firmly behind the notion that every move on the international scene must be based on international law, and that is not the case with the unilateral proclamation of Kosovo’s independence. Our stance starts with the fact that we respect Serbia’s integrity", and that Indonesia insisted among Islamic countries that Kosovo is a political and not a religious issue.[224] In January 2009, the Indonesian ambassador in Belgrade said that the the setting up of the Kosovo Security Force was unnecessary and that Indonesia has not changed its position that it backs UN Security Council Resolution 1244 which guarantees the territorial integrity of Serbia.[225] Whilst giving a lecture at a London school of Economics on 31 March 2009, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said "for now it is quite possible that Indonesia to accept the independent status of Kosovo after we examine carefully that there is a different situation in Myanmar, after the process of Balkanization you have the independent state of Kosovo" and that "we are still following the situation in Kosovo now and it is quite possible that some day Indonesia recognize the independence of Kosovo".[226][227] Iran On 13 March 2008, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said that Iran, after considering the region’s issues and conditions, had not recognised the independence of Kosovo.[228] In early March 2008, Gholamreza Ansari, Ambassador of Iran to Russia, said that "this question has very important aspects. Frankly speaking, the United Nations divided one of its members into two parts, though Article 1244 confirms the territorial integrity of Serbia. This is a very strange event. We think that some countries try to weaken international organizations. Presently, Iran is studying the question of Kosovo’s future. Iran... expresses its concern over the weakening of international organizations".[229] "We haven’t decided when we’re going to decide, and instead will monitor events and consider the issue," an Israeli Foreign Ministry official said. Israel will not recognise Kosovo’s independence at this time, in part because of the possibility of Palestinians using recognition of Kosovo to justify their own unilateral declaration of independence.[230] According to The Jewish Chronicle, Foreign Ministry officials and politicians are privately voicing a general sympathy towards the Kosovar cause, however Israel still won’t recognise Kosovo.[231] Knesset representative Ruhama Avraham Balila said that "at present the government of Israel has made decision not to join the group of countries which recognised the independence of Kosovo". She also said that Israel considers the situation "very disturbing".[232] On 28 April 2009, Arthur Koll, the Israeli ambassador to Serbia, said it had been more than a year since Kosovo unilaterally declared independence, and that Israel had no intention of

Israel

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recognising that independence and that "Israel is asked from time to time how solid this decision is, but the fact is that Israel’s position has not changed throughout this time. The Serbian people and government should appreciate Israel’s position, which also demonstrates the friendship between the two states".[233][234] Jordan In a meeting on 24 April 2009 with Kosovan politician Behgjet Pacolli, Jordan’s King Abdullah expressed willingness in finding a solution leading to recognition of Kosovo. Jordan is coordinating these preparations for recognition with Egypt.[235] A Kazakh foreign ministry spokesperson said that Kazakhstan opposes Kosovo’s unilateral proclamation of independence. Kazakhstan insists the Kosovo issue should be solved peacefully in accordance with UN principles on national sovereignty and territorial integrity, the spokesperson said.[236] In October 2008, Foreign Minister Marat Tazhin said that "the principle of territorial integrity is key in international law" and that for this reason Kazakhstan did not recognise Kosovo or Abkhazia and South Ossetia.[237] In December 2008, Prime Minister Karim Masimov stated that "We have an official position. Kazakhstan did not recognise Kosovo and does not recognise Abkhazia and South Ossetia. We consider that borders are defined and Kazakhstan will not recognise any new states".[238] On 30 July 2008, in a meeting between Kenya’s Minister for Foreign Affairs Moses Wetangula, and Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, Wetangula spoke of Kenya’s principled position regarding Kosovo and the territorial integrity of Serbia.[239] Kuwait’s ambassador to Russia said that his country "hopes that all participants of this discussion will listen to a voice of reason and will find the conciliatory proposal".[240] Kyrgyzstan will not recognise Kosovo’s independence and considers it a dangerous precedent for separatist organisations in the world.[241][242] On 27 February 2008, the Foreign Ministry issued a statement saying that "The Lao PDR urged all sides to respect the resolution of the UN Security Council No 1244, dated 10 June 1999, recognizing Kosovo as a Serbian province".[243] According to Serbia, Abdulhati Al Obeidi, Secretary for European Affairs of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, after meeting with the Serbian Minister of Foreign Affairs Vuk Jeremić on 17 March 2008, stated that Libya will not recognise a unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo. Al Obeidi said that Libya strongly supports the position of Serbia regarding Kosovo, despite the pressure from the European Union and some Islamic nations to recognise, and that Libya considers the unilateral declaration of independence illegal. Al Obeidi stated that Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi considers the UN Security Council to be the only place where the Kosovo problem can be solved the right way.[244] Current UNSC nonpermanent member (member at time of declaration)

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan Laos

Libya

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On 2 October 2008, according to Kosovan Foreign Minister Skender Hyseni, the Libyan ambassador at the United Nations, Giadalla Ettalhi, pledged to back Kosovo’s independence while opposing Serbia’s initiative to contest this.[245] However, Libya did not partake in the vote. According to Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, President Muammar al-Gaddafi reassured him, during an 9 April 2009 meeting, that Libya will not recognise Kosovo.[246] Libya demanded that Kosovo be returned to Serbia’s jurisdiction "immediately" in their statement to the ICJ.[247] Mali Mali’s President Amadou Toumani Touré was reported in the press as having expressed the Malian stance on Kosovo as follows: "International norms must be respected, because their abuse and the violation of territorial integrity could threaten a series of countries with a similar problem".[248] At an April 2009 military industry fair in Turkey, Mauritanian Defence Minister, Mohamed Mohamoud Mohamed Olud reportedly said that recognition from Mauritania will come fast due to other Arab countries having recognised Kosovo.[249] On 19 February 2008, the Foreign Ministry issued a statement: "Our country is closely paying attention to the situation as it develops in order to adopt, at an opportune moment, a position on what took place last Sunday".[250] The same statement calls on all parties to agree peacefully, through dialogue, on the final status of Kosovo and to reach an agreement on the rights of minorities and maintaining peace and security in the Balkans.[251] Kosovo’s declaration creates "deep concerns in the Republic of Moldova," the Moldovan government said in a statement. Moldova will not recognise Kosovo’s independence.[252] On 8 May 2009 Kosovan President Fatmir Sejdiu met Nyamaa Enkhbold, the Mongolian Deputy Parliament Speaker, to request recognition of Kosovo by Mongolia. Mr. Enkhbold reportedly promised to deal with the request once he had returned home.[253] At a meeting in January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni and Omar Zniber, Morocco’s Ambassador to Austria, Mr. Zniber said that the Kingdom of Morocco is carefully watching developments in Kosovo. He said, "People and institutions of my country understand and support the will of Kosovo people. We have been and remain close to Kosovo; I can tell you that my country is having wide consult[ation]s with other countries on the issue of Kosovo recognition. We will make a decision for Kosovo at [the] right time".[254] Current UNSC nonpermanent member (not member at time of declaration)

Mauritania

Mexico

Moldova

Mongolia

Morocco

In February 2008, Mozambican Deputy Foreign Minister HenMozambique rique Banze said in reference to Kosovo’s declaration of independence, "We shall wait for the appropriate moment. It’s a very sensitive matter and like all matters of this kind, it demands a lot of thought. Our government will work so that it may make the most appropriate decision in this case".[255] In November 2008 Mozambique’s ambassador to the UN, Filipe Chidumo, stated that his government is monitoring

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developments, and that it "understands Kosovo’s people’s will for freedom and independence".[256] New Zealand "It’s never been the New Zealand Government’s position to recognise in such circumstances. We will neither recognise nor not recognise. Over time the way in which we deal with those who govern in the territory will I suppose imply whether there is recognition but we are not intending to make a formal statement," said Prime Minister Helen Clark.[257]

Nicaragua The chancellor of Nicaragua, Samuel Santos, said that the government of his country maintains a position of "observation" to the unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo. "Nicaragua is watching the issue of Kosovo’s independence, we have friends who are in agreement with this independence and other friends who disagree, there are some who are saying that [independence] is a threat to peace in that tender area. We just look at [this case and] we have no opinion on this issue."[258] Niger Niger’s ambassador to the U.S. Toure Magiu discussed the situation in Kosovo with the Speaker of Kosovo’s Parliament, Jakup Krasniqi, and was given a copy of Kosovo’s constitution. Krasniqi asked Toure to call on his government to recognise Kosovo. Toure thanked Krasniqi for the information and said she would inform Niger’s government and the president of Niger on the political developments in Kosovo.[216] On 14 November 2008, it was reported that Kosovo’s Foreign Minister Skender Hyseni had received a promise of imminent recognition from Oman.[259] In February 2008, the Pakistani Foreign Ministry released the following statement: "We understand and support the legitimate aspirations of the Kosovars and the need for peace in Kosovo and the region. Pakistan is watching the developments in Kosovo carefully. We have noted the recognition extended by a number of important countries to the declaration of independence by the Kosovo Parliament and the statement made by the OIC Secretary General expressing happiness over this development, and solidarity and support with the Kosovars. Our policy will be guided by these developments and the aspirations of the people of Kosovo. It remains our earnest desire that situation remains calm and peaceful in Kosovo and the region."[260] At a meeting on 28 January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Mr. Shahbaz, Pakistan’s Ambassador to Austria, the ambassador said that the people and government of Pakistan support Kosovo on its path. He said that Pakistan is conducting intensive talks with its neighbours and other members of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on the issue, and that it is just a matter of time before Pakistan takes the decision to recognise Kosovo.[261] Paraguay has taken note of the independence declaration and is analysing the situation.[262] Foreign Secretary Alberto Romulo said in a statement: "Considering the existing sensibilities in the region, continued dialogue should be encouraged among all the parties concerned to ensure regional stability".[263] They also said they are not willing

Oman

Pakistan

Paraguay

Philippines

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to recognize Kosovo as an independent nation.[263] On 19 February 2008, Alberto Romulo, the Secretary of Foreign Affairs stated that recognition could complicate peace talks with Muslim separatists in Mindanao. He said that "while the Philippines does not oppose the idea of independence for Kosovo, it would prefer a settlement...taking into account the internationally accepted principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity".[264] Qatar On 19 June 2008, the Prime Minister who is also Foreign Minister, Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem bin Jabr Al Thani, at an Islamic summit in Uganda declared that "his country is in the process of recognizing the Republic of Kosovo". This information was earlier stated by Qatar’s UN representative during a May 2008 meeting with the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Kosovo.[157][265] On 10 March 2009, Sheikh Al Thani replied to a question about recognition of Kosovo’s independence saying that Qatar was studying it, and that it had been discussed in a meeting with the Albanian premier and the Emir of Qatar. Al Thani said "we will consider this issue and we hope to reply to it soon".[266] At an April 2009 military industry fair in Turkey, Kosovo Security Force General Sylejman Selimi and Kosovan chargé d’affaires to Turkey, Bekim Sejdiu, were reportedly told separately by Qatari minister Hamad Bin Ali Al-Attiyah that there could be a swift recognition by Qatar in the near future.[249] On 18 February 2008, a joint session of Parliament voted not to EU memrecognise Kosovo’s independence by 357 to 27, with support ber from all parties except the UDMR. Also the President and the NATO Prime Minister oppose recognition.[267][268] member In February 2009, Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs Cristian Diaconescu said that "Romania does not change its position and will not recognize Kosovo’s independence, which contradicts to the norms and principles of the international law" and that the EP resolution on Kosovo is not binding.[269][270] See also: Kosovo passport#Recognition Russian President Vladimir Putin described the recognition of UNSC perKosovo’s unilaterally declared independence by several major manent world powers as "a terrible precedent, which will de facto blow member apart the whole system of international relations, developed not over decades, but over centuries", and that "They have not thought through the results of what they are doing. At the end of the day it is a two-ended stick and the second end will come back and hit them in the face".[271] During an official state visit to Serbia following the declaration, Russian President-elect Dmitry Medvedev reiterated support for Serbia and its stance on Kosovo.[272] Russia has also said that the recent violence in Tibet is linked with the recognition by some states of the independence of Serbia’s breakaway province, Kosovo. Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, in an interview with a Russian newspaper, also linked the demands for greater autonomy by ethnic Albanians in Macedonia with the Kosovo issue. Lavrov said, "There are ground[s] to presume that this is not occurring by chance. You

Romania

Russia

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can see what is happening in Tibet, how the separatists there are acting. The Albanians in Macedonia are already demanding a level of autonomy that is a clear step toward independence. Furthermore, events in other areas of the world give us grounds to assume that we are only at the beginning of a very precarious process".[273] On 23 March 2008, Vladimir Putin ordered urgent humanitarian aid for Kosovo Serb enclaves.[274] The Prime Minister of Kosovo, Hashim Thaçi, opposed this plan, stating that Russia could only send aid if it were agreed and coordinated with Government in Pristina.[275] On 15 July 2008, President Dmitry Medvedev stated in a major foreign policy speech "For the EU, Kosovo is almost what Iraq is to the United States... This is the latest example of the undermining of international law".[276] On 19 February 2009, Hashim Thaçi announced that Russia is planning the recognition of Kosovo.[277] The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Sergey Lavrov, responded on the following day by saying "I think Mr. Thaci is indulging in wishful thinking... Mr. Thaci is the last person to make statements on behalf of the Russian Federation" and that "When discussing the problem of Kosovo, the Russian side confirms that our position remains the same and supports the settlement of this problem in accordance with Security Council Resolution 1244. Our support for Serbia’s course of action in defending its sovereignty and territorial integrity also stays firm".[278][279] Saint Kitts On 27 March 2008, Kosovo’s declaration of independence was and Nevis discussed at a meeting of St. Kitts & Nevis’ Foreign Affairs Consultative Committee. It is "to be researched for fuller examination in future meetings".[280] The St. Kitts & Nevis Foreign Ministry had the following to say in a commentary article: "The feud between Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo date[s] back to the 7th century and it would be naïve to expect the conflict will be resolved overnight. The issues relating to territory, sovereignty, religion, ethnicity and minority rights are intricate to the fracas in the Balkans".[281] Saint Lucia At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Donatus Keith St. Aimee, the Permanent Representative of Saint Lucia to the UN, Mr. St. Aimee said "We support the humans’ and peoples’ will to decide on their own the way they would like to live. We support people’s will of Kosovo to have the fate on their own hands. The Government of Saint Lucia will soon make [a] decision to recognize Kosovo."[282]

Singapore On 18 February 2008, the Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement through its spokesman regarding Kosovo’s declaration of independence: "Singapore is still studying the matter. This is a controversial move that has many complex ramifications around the world. The situation under international law is not clear and the kind of precedent that could be set needs to be carefully assessed. We hope international mediation efforts would continue so that a solution acceptable to all parties can be found".[283] According to the Serbian

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Foreign Minister, Vuk Jeremić, who met with Singaporean officials in August 2008, Singapore does not intend to recognise Kosovo and it considers the unilateral declaration a dangerous precedent which could cause instability throughout the world.[284] On 8 October the representative of Singapore at the UN said that he was sympathetic to the quest of the people of Kosovo, as they, indeed, had suffered terrible treatment in the past and that many countries had expressed sympathy for some form of autonomy for Kosovo. However he said that to date, Singapore had not supported Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence, and was concerned about the precedent it could set. He also said that Singapore preferred that the matter be resolved peacefully by the concerned parties.[285] Slovakia On the day of the declaration, the Slovak Ministry of Foreign EU memAffairs issued this statement on its website: "Ministry of Forber eign Affairs of the Slovak Republic takes note of the Kosovo NATO unilateral declaration of independence. For the time being member Slovakia does not consider recognizing Kosovo on the basis of this declaration. Slovakia has always been in favour of the final settlement of the Kosovo status based upon an agreement with the decisive role of the UN Security Council in accordance with the UN-approved principles of the Contact Group. As agreed by the international community prolonging of the status quo was not a solution, either. Slovakia will closely follow the development of the situation in Kosovo and the region as well as the steps of the international community. Only after evaluating the situation Slovakia will decide on its further steps. At the same time, Slovakia will support all activities of the UN, European Union, NATO OSCE and Council of Europe regarding Kosovo, primarily by the means of Slovak participation at NATO (KFOR) and the EU (EULEX) missions based on the UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999)".[286] On 18 February 2008, Foreign Affairs Minister Ján Kubiš said that Slovakia could not recognise Kosovo at this point, but state officials would continue to monitor the situation closely. "We will return to the issue after evaluating the developments in Kosovo, the region and the position of the international community. We will do so in about a hundred and twenty days." [287] On 19 February 2008, Deputy Prime Minister Dušan Čaplovič said that by declaring independence without Serbian consent, Kosovo broke international law and created a precedent.[287] On 20 February 2008, President Ivan Gašparovič said that Slovakia still had enough time to take a prudent stance. "I am sure that it will take not a year or two, but maybe even ten years, until countries can take a final position on Kosovo. And today, no one knows which standpoint is right."[287] On 24 February 2008, Prime Minister Robert Fico said "I do not exclude the possibility that Slovakia will never recognize Kosovo. Kosovo is not some independent territory, it is an integral part of Serbia where Serbs, and members of the Albanian ethnic minority live. The declaration of independence violate[s] the basic principles of international law". Fico also said that he wanted Kosovo to be debated at the UN, since it is the only organisation that can decide on the change of borders.

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Fico added "Historians compare what is happening today in Serbia with what happened at Munich in 1938 or with the Vienna arbitration".[288][289] On 11 July 2008, Foreign Affairs Ministry spokesman Ján Škoda announced that Slovakia would not accept Kosovan passports, and would consider its bearers to be illegally in Slovakia, even if they are in a possession of a valid Schengen visa.[290] On 13 October 2008, Prime Minister Robert Fico reiterated the Slovak opposition to Kosovo’s independence. He stated that Slovakia is suffering no pressure to recognise Kosovo because it left no room for pressures from the very beginning. He said he is "convinced that the declaration of Kosovo’s independence was not in line with international law" and that "Slovakia’s position on the Kosovo issue is well known and we see no reason to change it. Serbia and Slovakia share the same opinion, and that is that international law must be taken into account, otherwise, nothing makes sense. If there is at least a tiny piece of justice in this world, the International Court of Justice in The Hague will have to confirm it".[291] On 28 November 2008, it was reported that Slovakia had decided to recognise Kosovan passports on humanitarian grounds, but that it remained opposed to independence.[292] In February 2009, Slovak Foreign Ministry spokesman Ján Škoda said that "the adoption of the new EP resolution, that has not been backed by the Slovak MEPs, does not change anything in Slovakia’s position".[293] On 2 April 2009, President of Slovakia Ivan Gašparovič said that "Slovakia prefers respect for international law, and therefore doesn’t acknowledge independence for Kosovo."[294] Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajčak said in May 2009 that there is broad consensus across the Slovak Parliament, crossing party lines (with the exception of the Party of the Hungarian Coalition), that supports the government’s stance on Kosovo recognition.[295] Solomon Islands An official Solomon Islands government website states that Kosovo nationals require approval before entering the country, thus implying recognition of the Kosovan passport[296]. However, no official statement on recognition of Kosovo has been published. Following Kosovo’s declaration of independence, South Africa, in its capacity as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, called for further negotiation between Serbia and Kosovo.[297] At a press conference on 19 February 2008, a spokesman from South Africa’s Department for Foreign Affairs stated that the South African "government will be studying... the political and legal implications of this new development", that "there is no way South Africa can consciously not want to take a position on this. But you can only take a position in a matter that is not ongoing... It’s a question of time before South Africa takes a definite position", and that "it’s not a question of us being in the majority or minority, as it has never been. It’s not a question of us being with Russia or China and it has never been and it will never be. We’ve got our own principles that guide us".[298] UNSC nonpermanent member at time of declaration (not currently a member)

South Africa

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International recognition of Kosovo

On 9 May 2009, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić met the new South African President Jacob Zuma and other officials. Afterwards, Jeremić said, "Serbia is grateful for the support and consistency of the Republic of South Africa not to recognize Kosovo’s self-proclaimed independence".[299] Spain Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos said that EU mem"the Government of Spain will not recognise the unilateral act ber state proclaimed by the assembly of Kosovo... We will not recognise NATO membecause we consider... this does not respect international law". ber state He also added that in order for it to be legal, secession requires either an agreement between the parties or a U.N. Security Council resolution.[150] Spain will not take part in the EULEX mission until legal questions over how it will replace the UN administration are answered. Moratinos told a meeting of European Union Foreign Ministers in Slovenia that Spain will not send its contingent to the EULEX mission until there has been a formal transfer of powers from the United Nations.[300] In February 2009, Ambassador of Spain to Serbia Íñigo de Palacio España said that Spain’s position not to recognise Kosovo independence "would not change even after the adoption of the resolution by the European Parliament" and that "Most UN members do not recognize Kosovo’s independence. Just 54 of 194 have recognized. The EP resolution is not mandatory and was adopted by a narrow majority, which indicated that there was a division within the institution on the issue of Kosovo’s independence".[293] In May 2009 José García-Margallo, Spanish member of the EU parliament, said that Spain does not recognise Kosovo because of principles related to Spain’s Basque and Catalonia autonomous communities. However he also stressed that these Spanish autonomous communities are not comparable with Kosovo which is fundamentally different. García-Margallo said that despite Spain’s non-recognition of Kosovo it will continue to support Kosovo and its development.[301]

Sri Lanka The Foreign Ministry of Sri Lanka called Kosovo’s declaration of independence a violation of the U.N. Charter and emphasised its concern that the act "could set an unmanageable precedent in the conduct of international relations, the established global order of sovereign States and could thus pose a grave threat to international peace and security".[302] Sudan At the summit of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on 10 March 2008, Sudan opposed adoption of the document, proposed by Turkey, that would lend support to Kosovo’s declaration of independence.[156] On 28 August 2008, Sudan’s envoy to the UN Abdel-Haleem Abdel-Mahmood stated that his government remains opposed to the independence of Kosovo and that they will support Serbia’s request that the UN General Assembly ask for an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice.[303] On 13 May 2009, Syria’s ambassador to Serbia, Majed Shadoud, reported that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad told Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić that that his country continues to oppose the recognition of the independence of

Syria

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International recognition of Kosovo

Kosovo. Shadoud quoted as-Assad as saying "Syria urges a political solution for the situation in the Balkans and the Middle East and is opposed to any kind of divisions in both regions, regardless of whether religious, ethnic or nationalist reasons are in question".[304] Tanzania According to Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, during an 8 April 2009 meeting in Libya, the Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete reassured him that Tanzania would keep its policy of not recognising Kosovo’s independence.[305]

Tajikistan Asomudin Saidov, Foreign Minister, stated that Tajikistan will not recognise Kosovo’s independence as it considers it to be the violation of legal norms and a danger for Europe.[306] Thailand TimorLeste Trinidad and Tobago Thailand is awaiting the decision of the United Nations Security Council.[307] On 14 November 2008, it was reported that Kosovo’s Foreign Minister Skender Hyseni had received a promise of imminent recognition from Timor-Leste.[308] At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Maria Annette Valere, the Ambassador of Trinidad and Tobago to the UN, Mrs. Valere said that her country knows how important the process of international recognition is for Kosovo, and that the government of Trinidad and Tobago would address the request for recognition in the near future.[309] The Ugandan government is carefully studying Kosovo’s declaration of independence before it makes a decision to recognise it as a state or not.[236] At a meeting on 26 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skender Hyseni, and Ruhakana Rugunda, the Ambassador of Uganda to the UN, Mr. Rugunda expressed the need for intensification of contacts between the two countries for the purposes of information and co-operation. He also said that Uganda would in time take the optimal decision for Kosovo.[310] On 18 February 2008, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that "The multilateral mechanisms, such as EU, OSCE, UN, should play an important role".[311] The President stated on 19 February 2008 that Ukraine’s position on the situation is to first of all follow national interests and international law. He emphasised that Ukraine’s position proceeds from the opinion that the decision on recognising Kosovo or not requires timing for most of the world’s countries. "We proceed from hope that resources of regulation through talks have not been yet exhausted."[312] The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Committee for Foreign Affairs, Oleh Bilorus, said on 20 February 2008 that Ukraine will back Serbia’s stand on Kosovo at a session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly to be held 21-22 February in Vienna.[313] On 16 April 2008, the Office of Mass Media Relations of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukraine Secretariat issued the following statement on the Government Portal official website: "Ukraine will decide on its position concerning [the] Current UNSC nonpermanent member (not member at time of declaration)

Uganda

Ukraine

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International recognition of Kosovo

independence of Kosovo after [a] corresponding assessment by international institutions". Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko said that Ukraine lies in the neighbourhood of several countries facing territorial problems and "That’s why before taking any decision, Ukraine wishes to know whether Kosovo is already a norm, a common practice or a unique event the world should react on". Yulia Tymoshenko noted that Ukraine is holding multilateral diplomatic consultations, with the aim of establishing how Kosovo independence is perceived, which will allow it to determine its stand in this issue.[314] On 22 October 2008, Deputy Foreign Minister Kostyantyn Yeliseyev stated that Ukraine intends to maintain its neutral stance. "If Ukraine chooses any position, the security of our peacemakers will be put in question," he said.[315] On 4 December 2008, speaking at the OSCE meeting about separatism that took place in 2008, Foreign Minister Volodymyr Ohryzko said that "Ukraine will never make a compromise on question of territorial integrity of any state".[316] Uruguay According to Ultimas Noticias, a news agency from Uruguay, "Uruguay has not recognised Kosovo’s declaration of independence, because doing so would not be in accordance with its required three pillars of recognition: the principle of territorial integrity of states, achieving a solution through dialogue and consensus, and recognition by international organisations."[317] The Uzbek government believes that questions of independence should be decided in the UN assembly. As for Kosovo, Uzbekistan has yet to come up with a final position.[318]

Uzbekistan

Venezuela Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced that Venezuela does not recognise Kosovo’s independence on the grounds that it has been achieved through U.S. pressure and criticised a recent political movement calling out for a more autonomous Zulia state.[165][319] On 24 March 2008, Chavez accused Washington of trying to "weaken Russia" by supporting independence for Kosovo. He called Kosovo’s new leader, Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi, a "terrorist" put in power by the U.S. and noted that the former rebel leader’s nom de guerre was "The Snake".[320] Vietnam UN Ambassador Le Luong Minh "reaffirmed Vietnam policy that the fact that Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence is not a correct implementation of the U.N. Security Council Resolution 1244 and that will only complicate the situation in Kosovo and the Balkan region".[321] Current UNSC nonpermanent member (member at time of declaration)

Zambia

In early March 2008, Foreign Affairs Minister, Kabinga Pande, said that Zambia has not decided its position on the declaration of Kosovo’s independence. Pande said the government needs more time to analyse the matter.[322] [5] "UNSG Report on the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, 15 July 2008 (S/2008/458)". United Nations. 2008-07-18. http://www.un.org/Docs/

[4] ^ "Russia, India, China urge resumption of Kosovo talks". Xinhua. 2008-05-15. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/ 2008-05/15/content_8179173.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-19.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Country Position

International recognition of Kosovo
Relevant international membership

Abkhazia

President Sergei Bagapsh of the Republic of Abkhazia, another country with only partial recognition, regards "the promotion of Kosovo by the U.S.A. and some European states towards the declaration of independence as a visible demonstration of the policy of double standards". "Why does not the world community put any attention to the violent actions against ethnic minorities living in Kosovo..., the lack of interethnic reconciliation ...", Sergey Bagapsh noted. "We are solidly convinced of the fact that [now] we have got an even wider moral base for the recognition of our independence."[323] On 5 September 2008, the Abkhazian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergei Shamba, said he was ready to recognise Kosovo’s independence, "if Kosovo agrees to recognize our own (Abkhazia) independence, we will certainly recognize them as well". [324][325] Georgiy Petrosyan, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the non-recognised, de facto independent Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh, does not regard the conflict between his motherland and Azerbaijan, and the conflict between Kosovo and Serbia as completely similar. He noted that "approaches and solutions, which have recommended themselves while regulating one problem, can be used when looking for a solution to another one". Petrosyan stated that "the recognition of independent Kosovo will become an additional factor strengthening the status of [the] Stepanakert government" that he represents.[326] The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) is recognised only by Turkey and is an observer of The Organisation of the Islamic Conference. President Mehmet Ali Talat has welcomed Kosovo’s independence, but the TRNC has not yet decided to recognise Kosovo.[327] Shortly after the declaration, two senior Palestinian officials UN observer representing the Mahmoud Abbas West Bank-controlling government, who also are part of the team negotiating with Israel, disagreed on what the Kosovo events implied for Palestine. Yasser Abed Rabbo said, "If things are not going in the direction of continuous and serious negotiations, then we should take the step and announce our independence unilaterally. Kosovo is not better than us. We deserve independence even before Kosovo, and we ask for the backing of the United States and the European Union for our independence". Saeb Erekat responded that the Palestine Liberation Organization had already declared independence in 1988. "Now we need real independence, not a declaration," said Erekat, "We need real independence by ending the occupation. We are not Kosovo. We are under Israeli occupation and for independence we need to acquire independence".[329] The Polisario Front, which governs the partially recognised (by 45 states) Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, has stated that the speedy recognition of Kosovo’s independence by many countries shows the double standards of the international

NagornoKarabakh Republic

Northern Cyprus

Palestinian Authority[328]

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

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community, considering that the Western Sahara issue remains unsolved after three decades.[330] South Ossetia President Eduard Kokoity of the Republic of South Ossetia, stated that it is not fair to compare this breakaway region with Kosovo because South Ossetians have far more right to a state of their own than Kosovo Albanians. He said that "Kosovo Albanians got independence after NATO’s aggression on Serbia. Americans and NATO member countries took away Serbia’s province. I feel sincerely for the Serb people," and that "Serbs had a well-organized state that provided for a normal life for Albanians. For this reason, what Americans have done to the Serbs is injustice".[331] Transnistria, a de-facto independent, but internationally unrecognised republic which seceded from Moldova in 1990, has no policy towards Kosovo, but the Foreign Ministry has said that "The declaration and recognition of Kosovo are of fundamental importance, since thereby a new conflict settlement model has been established, based on the priority of people’s right to selfdetermination. Pridnestrovie [Transnistria] holds that this model should be applicable to all conflicts which have similar political, legal, and economic bases".[332] Pope Benedict XVI said the Vatican called for "prudence and UN observer moderation" in Kosovo and Serbia. The Holy See urged politicians in the region to show "a decisive and concrete commitment to ward off extremist reactions and violence", Vatican spokesman Father Federico Lombardi announced. "The Holy Father continues to look with affection at the people of Kosovo and Serbia, is close to them and is praying at this crucial moment of their history," the statement said.[334][335] In June 2008, Walter Cardinal Kasper, President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, stated that the Vatican has not recognised the independence of Kosovo and does not intend to do so in the near future.[336][337] [9] "Serbia Expels Montenegro Envoy over Kosovo". Balkan Insight. 2008-10-09. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ news/13886. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. [10] "Serbia Expels Macedonia Envoy over Kosovo". Balkan Insight. 2008-10-10. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ news/13901/. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. [11] ^ "Who recognized Kosova as independent state". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo. 2009. http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Njohjet/tabid/ 93/Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-02-11. [12] "The Statement of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on the Recognition of Independence of Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Afghanistan. 2008-02-18. http://www.mfa.gov.af/

Transnistria

Vatican City[333] (Holy See)

journal/asp/ws.asp?m=S/2008/458. Retrieved on 2008-07-18. [6] Worsnip, Patrick (2008-11-27). "U.N. council clears way for EU mission in Kosovo". Reuters UK. http://uk.reuters.com/article/worldNews/ idUKTRE4AP9JU20081127?sp=true. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. [7] ^ "Backing Request by Serbia, General Assembly Decides to Seek International Court of Justice Ruling on Legality of Kosovo’s Independence". United Nations. 2008-10-08. http://www.un.org/News/ Press/docs/2008/ga10764.doc.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-12. [8] ^ "Kosovo receives recognition boost". BBC. 2008-10-10. http://news.bbc.co.uk/ 1/hi/world/europe/7662149.stm. Retrieved on 2008-10-10.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
International Position organisation

International recognition of Kosovo

United Na- Russia called an emergency session of the United Nations Security Council on tions (UN) 17 February 2008, but the council members, given differences in stated position between permanent members, failed to reach a consensus. Russia requested another meeting on 18 February. With Russia stating its intention to use its veto to prevent any acceptance of independence by the United Nations, Kosovo has no current prospects for membership.[338] The UN has told Serbia to cease its interference in Kosovo.[339] Member states (60 / 192) It is expected that Russia’s refusal to recognise Kosovo will prevent Kosovo from attaining a seat at the UN, as Russia is one of the five permanent members of the Security Council from which Kosovo will need unanimous approval.[340] Britain, France, and the United States, which take the opposite position and recognise Kosovo, and China, which has expressed concern, are the other permanent members. There are ten other non-permanent members, six of which have recognised Kosovo. European Union (EU) Although the Common Foreign and Security Policy has harmonised the EU’s external relations to a considerable extent, the EU, like other IGOs, does not possess the legal capacity to diplomatically recognise any state; member states do so individually. The majority of member states have recognised Kosovo. To articulate a common EU policy of either support or opposition to Kosovo’s independence would require unanimity on the subject from all 27 member states, which does not presently exist. On 18 February 2008, the EU officially stated that it would "take note" of the resolution of the Kosovo assembly.[341] The EU is sending a EULEX mission to Kosovo, which includes a special representative and 2000 police and judicial personnel.[342][343]. Although the European Parliament is not formally vested with the authority to shape the EU’s foreign policy, it was seen to be expressing its acceptance of Kosovan independence when it hosted the Kosovan Assembly in an interparliamentary meeting on 30 May 2008. This was also the first time Kosovo’s flag was officially hoisted at an EU institution.[344][345] On 5 February 2009, the European Parliament adopted a resolution that encouraged all EU member states to recognise Kosovo. The resolution also welcomed the successful deployment of EULEX across Kosovo, and rejected the possibility of Kosovo’s partition. It was passed with 424 voted in favour, and 133 against. Some Romanian and Communist representatives called for a new international conference on Kosovo’s status or to allow the northern part of the country to join Serbia.[346][347] Member states (22 / 27) Candidates (3 / 3) Austria † • Belgium † • Bulgaria † • Cyprus • Czech Republic † • Denmark † • Estonia † • Finland † • France † • Germany † • Greece • Hungary † • Ireland † • Italy † • Latvia † • Lithuania † • Luxembourg † • Malta † • Netherlands † • Poland † • Portugal † • Romania • Slovakia • Slovenia † • Spain • Sweden † • United Kingdom † Candidates: Croatia † • Macedonia † • Turkey †
†

- Have recognised Kosovo.

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

On 10 July 2008, the IMF received a membership application from the Republic of Kosovo.[348] On 15 July 2008, the IMF issued a statement saying "It has been determined that Kosovo has seceded from Serbia as a new independent state and that Serbia is the continuing state," thus acknowledging the separation of Kosovo from Serbia.[349] IMF presently provides technical assistance and monitors the economic development of Kosovo.[350] On 8 May 2009, the IMF’s Executive Board certified a vote by their Board of

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International recognition of Kosovo

Governors to offer membership to Kosovo. Kosovo will become a member once it has agreed to and signed the IMF’s Articles of Agreement and any related terms and conditions.[351] North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) NATO maintains that its ongoing Kosovo Force mission and mandate remain unchanged and that "NATO reaffirms that KFOR shall remain in Kosovo on the basis of UNSCR 1244, as agreed by Foreign Ministers in December 2007, unless the UN Security Council decides otherwise".[352] Member states (24 / 28) Albania † • Belgium † • Bulgaria † • Canada † • Croatia † • Czech Republic † • Denmark † • Estonia † • France † • Germany † • Greece • Hungary † • Iceland † • Italy † • Latvia † • Lithuania † • Luxembourg † • Netherlands † • Norway † • Poland † • Portugal † • Romania • Slovakia • Slovenia † • Spain • Turkey † • United Kingdom † • United States †
†

- Have recognised Kosovo.

Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC)

Secretary General of the OIC Prof. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu said "Kosovo has finally declared its independence after a long and determined struggle by its people. As we rejoice this happy result, we declare our solidarity with and support to our brothers and sisters there. The Islamic Umma wishes them success in their new battle awaiting them which is the building of a strong and prosperous a state capable of satisfying of its people".[353] The OIC did not call on its individual member states to extend recognition, as some member states, including Azerbaijan, Egypt, Indonesia and Sudan, were firmly against any issuance of such a statement.[354] Member states (13 / 57) Afghanistan † • Albania † • Algeria • Azerbaijan • Bahrain † • Bangladesh • Benin • Burkina Faso † • Brunei • Cameroon • Chad • Comoros † • Côte d’Ivoire • Djibouti • Egypt • Gabon • Gambia † • Guinea • Guinea-Bissau • Guyana • Indonesia • Iran • Iraq • Jordan • Kuwait • Kazakhstan • Kyrgyzstan • Lebanon • Libya • Maldives † • Malaysia † • Mali • Mauritania • Morocco • Mozambique • Niger • Nigeria • Oman • Pakistan • Palestine • Qatar • Saudi Arabia † • Senegal † • Sierra Leone † • Somalia • Sudan • Suriname • Syria • Tajikistan • Turkey † • Tunisia • Togo • Turkmenistan • Uganda • Uzbekistan • United Arab Emirates † • Yemen
†

- Have recognised Kosovo.

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

On 19 February 2008, Chairman Ilkka Kanerva and OSCE Minorities Commissioner Knut Vollebæk called for Kosovo’s government to vigorously implement agreed-upon frameworks regarding minorities.[355] Serbia has vowed to oppose OSCE membership for Kosovo and is calling for the organisation to condemn the declaration of independence.[356] Member states (35 / 56) Albania † • Andorra • Armenia • Austria † • Azerbaijan • Belarus • Belgium † • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Bulgaria † • Canada † • Croatia † • Cyprus • Czech Republic † • Denmark † • Estonia † • Finland † • France † • Georgia • Germany † • Greece • Hungary † • Iceland † • Ireland † • Italy † • Kazakhstan • Kyrgyzstan • Latvia † • Liechtenstein † • Lithuania † • Luxembourg † • Macedonia † • Malta † • Moldova • Monaco † • Montenegro † • Netherlands † • Norway † • Poland † • Portugal † • Romania • Russia • San Marino † • Serbia • Slovakia • Slovenia † • Spain • Sweden † • Switzerland † • Tajikistan • Turkey † • Turkmenistan • Ukraine • United Kingdom † • United States † • Uzbekistan • Vatican City
†

- Have recognised Kosovo.

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Entity Position

International recognition of Kosovo

Usman Ferzauli, the Foreign Minister of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria’s govChechen ernment in exile, said that the rebels "welcome the declaration of state independRepublic ence by Kosovo and do not question the right of the people of Kosovo to distance of Ichker- themselves from the state that terrorized it".[357] ia (government in exile)

Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front

On 11 March 2008, the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front staged a demonstration in Brussels in front of the European Union Commission building. It was headed by one of its leaders, Barrister Abdul Majeed Tramboo, and its agenda cited Kosovo’s independence, demanding equal treatment and commensurate application of the same solution by the EU in the Kashmir dispute involving India, Pakistan and China. Protesters included EU Parliament members, students and various NGO constituents and representatives.[358] The nationalist-minded JKLF is part of the 26-entity political and religious coalition All Parties Hurriyat Conference. One of its leaders, Syed Faiz Naqshbandi, addressing the 7th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council, "appealed to the world body to impress upon India to allow international delegations to visit the occupied territory to take stock of the human rights situation".[359] Mustafa Cemilev, the Chairman of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People declared that he supported the right of self-determination for every nation, including Kosovo.[360] He also added that the Crimean Tatars will not start a secession process from Ukraine if their rights are respected. Cemilev stated that he believes the motive for the Kosovars to declare independence was the anti-Albanian situation in Kosovo.[361]

Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (Crimea in Ukraine)

Repub- Republika Srpska, one of the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, has adopted lika a resolution through which it denounces and refuses to recognise the unilateral Srpska declaration of independence of Kosovo from Serbia. In addition, the parliament has adopted a resolution which states that in the event that a majority of EU and UN states recognise Kosovo’s independence, Republika Srpska will cite the Kosovo secession as a precedent and move to hold a referendum on its own constitutional status within Bosnia and Herzegovina. Finally, the resolution calls upon all Republika Srpska officials to do everything in order to prevent Bosnia and Herzegovina from recognising Kosovo’s declared independence.[362] West Papua (Western New Guinea) Richard Samuelson, Co-Director of the Free West Papua Campaign, based in Oxford, published a letter questioning Sir John Sawers, UK Ambassador to the UN, pointing out that his official speech at the UN advocating and motivating Kosovo’s independence is completely congruent point for point with advocating and motivating West Papua’s independence from Indonesia, on which the UK has been silent.[363] [15] "Statement of Prime Minister of Albania Mr. Sali Berisha on Recognition of Independence of Kosova". Republic of Albania Council of Ministers. 2008-02-18. http://www.keshilliministrave.al/ index.php?fq=brenda&m=news&lid=7323&gj=gj2. [16] "Albania: US, EU states first to recognise Kosovo". Balkan Insight. 2008-02-17. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ news/7964/. Retrieved on 2008-02-17.

detail.asp?Lang=e&Cat=2&ContID=562. Retrieved on 2008-05-09. [13] "Costa Rica se pronuncia por la independencia de Kósovo" (in Spanish) (DOC). Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto. 2008-02-17. http://www.rree.go.cr/ministerio/files/ CostaRicaKosovo.doc. Retrieved on 2008-02-18. [14] 17 February 2008 local time

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
International organisation International Olympic Committee Position

International recognition of Kosovo

An Olympic Committee of Kosovo has been in existence since 1992,[364] which is not recognised by the IOC. On 17 February 2008, the president of the IOC’s commission of international relations announced that the IOC is set to recognise Kosovo.[365] A day later, an IOC spokeswoman specified the requirements that Kosovo needs to meet before being recognised by the IOC, most notably it has to be recognised by the United Nations as independent first, a condition not imposed on Taiwan or Palestine.[366] The Hague-based Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, whose members comprise 69 entities seeking self-determination and representation, of which Kosovo (listed as Kosova) is one, issued a statement on 18 February 2008: "for regions in similar conditions, Kosova’s independence represents new hope for the future of their own potential statehood". [367] In the days that followed, several African UNPO members expressed their own individual secession-minded reactions to Kosovo’s independence.[368]

Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)

Norwegian No- On 10 October 2008, former President of Finland Martti Ahtisaari received bel Committee the 2008 Nobel Peace Prize "for his important efforts... to resolve international conflicts",[369] including his work in Kosovo as a UN special envoy where he helped to develop the framework used to launch the declaration of independence,[370] thus forming the basis for Kosovo’s independence and EU integration.[371][372] The Norwegian Nobel Committee Secretary, who is also the Director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, Professor Geir Lundestad, said afterwards that the committee believed "there is no alternative to an independent Kosovo".[371] International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Kosovo is not currently a member of the governing structures for the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Independently of its ISO membership status, ISO will also potentially issue a standardised country code for Kosovo. According to rules of procedure followed by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency based in Geneva, a new ISO 3166-1 code for Kosovo will only be issued once it appears in the United Nations Terminology Bulletin Country Names or in the UN Statistics Division’s list of Country and Region Codes for Statistical Use.[373] To appear in the terminology bulletin, it must either (a) be admitted into the United Nations, (b) join a UN Specialised Agency or (c) become a state party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice. Criteria (b) will be met once Kosovo’s membership in the International Monetary Fund (see above) comes into effect. ICANN, through its Country Code Names Supporting Organization, is responsible for adding new country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) for use in Internet addressing. Rules of procedure dictate Kosovo must first receive an ISO 3166-1 code (discussed above) before the ccTLD can be introduced; speculation has centred on ".ks" as the likeliest candidate. [374][375] Kosovo officially became the 181st member of the IRU in May 2009. [376]

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) International Road and Transport Union (IRU)

[17] "Albania recognises independent Kosovo". Reuters. 2008-02-18. http://www.reuters.com/article/

newsMaps/idUSL1865943420080218. Retrieved on 2008-02-18. [18] "The Republic of Albania establishes Diplomatic Relations with the Republic of

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International recognition of Kosovo

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vest.php?s=a&id=1264437. Retrieved on [82] "Presidenti Sejdiu priti ambasadorin e 2008-03-05. Kanadasë, z. Thomas Marr" (in [73] "Republika e Sllovenisë hap ambasadën e Albanian). President of the Republic of saj në Kosovë" (in Albanian). President of Kosovo. 2009-04-07. the Republic of Kosovo. 2008-05-15. http://www.president-ksgov.net/ http://www.president-ksgov.net/ ?id=5,67,67,67,a,1369. Retrieved on ?id=5,67,67,67,a,830. Retrieved on 2009-04-09. 2009-03-28. [83] "Principata e Monakos njohu Republikën [74] "Kosovo - Slovenian Missions - Embassy e Kosovës" (in Albanian). President of the of the Republic of Slovenia". Republic of Republic of Kosovodate=2008-03-19. Slovenia, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. http://www.president-ksgov.net/ http://www.mzz.gov.si/en/ ?id=5,67,67,67,a,714. Retrieved on representations_abroad_and_information_on_countries/ 2008-03-19. europe/kosovo/. Retrieved on [84] "Serbia Neighbours To Recognise 2009-03-28. Kosovo". Balkan Insight. 2008-03-19. [75] "Finland recognised the Republic of http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ Kosovo". Ministry for Foreign Affairs of news/8741/. Retrieved on 2008-03-19. Finland. 2008-03-07. [85] "Hungary recognizes Kosovo’s http://formin.finland.fi/Public/ Independence". Ministry of Foreign default.aspx?contentid=123797&nodeid=15145&contentlan=2&culture=enAffairs of Hungary. 2008-03-19. US. Retrieved on 2008-03-07. http://www.mfa.gov.hu/kum/en/bal/ [76] "Finland recognises Kosovo". Ministry actualities/spokesman_statements/ for Foreign Affairs of Finland. Kosovo_recognition_080319.htm. 2008-03-07. http://newsroom.finland.fi/ Retrieved on 2008-03-19. stt/ [86] "Embassy of the Republic of Hungary in showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=18215&group=Politics. Pristina". Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Retrieved on 2008-03-07. Affairs. http://www.mfa.gov.hu/ [77] "The Finnish Liaison Office in Prishtina kulkepviselet/Pristina/en/mainpage.htm. transformed into Embassy". RTK. Retrieved on 2008-06-27. 2009-02-03. http://www.rtklive.com/eng/ [87] "Croatia recognises Kosovo". index.php?newsId=31662. Retrieved on Government of the Republic of Croatia. 2009-03-28. 2008-03-19. http://www.vlada.hr/en/ [78] "Statement by Foreign Minister naslovnica/novosti_i_najave/2008/ozujak/ Masahiko Koumura on the Recognition of hrvatska_priznala_kosovo. Retrieved on the Republic of Kosovo". Ministry of 2008-03-19. Foreign Affairs of Japan. 2008-03-18. [88] "Croatia establishes embassy to Kosovo, http://www.mofa.go.jp/announce/ seated in Pristina". Republic of Croatia, announce/2008/3/0318.html. Retrieved Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European on 2008-03-18. Integration. 2008-11-06. [79] "Intensifikohen marrëdhëniet bilaterale http://www.mfa.hr/custompages/static/ mes Kosovës dhe Japonisë" (in Albanian). hrv/templates/ RTK. 2009-02-25. http://rtklive.com/ _frt_Priopcenja_en.asp?id=4160. ?newsId=32631. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2009-03-28. 2009-04-09. [89] "Sofia Officially Recognizes Pristina [80] "Japan recognized Kosovo passports". Sovereignty". novinite.com. 2008-03-20. RTK. 2009-09-17. http://www.novinite.com/ http://www.rtklive.com/eng/ view_news.php?id=91485. Retrieved on index.php?categoryId=7&newsId=26305. 2008-03-20. Retrieved on 2009-04-09. [90] "Bulgaria to Issue Visas In Pristina". [81] "Canada joins international recognition Balkan Insight. 2008-05-27. of Kosovo". Canadian Foreign Ministry. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ 2008-03-18. news/10498/. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. http://w01.international.gc.ca/minpub/ [91] "Liechtenstein anerkennt den Kosovo" (in Publication.aspx?isRedirect=True&publication_id=385954&language=E&docnumber=59. German). Liechtenstein government. Retrieved on 2008-03-18. 2008-03-28. http://www.llv.li/amtsstellen/ llv-pia-pressemitteilungen/

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pressemitteilungenzinute_pr.php?inf_id=846596. Retrieved alt.htm?pmid=108807&lpid=3789&imainpos=15844. on 2009-03-28. Retrieved on 2008-03-28. [101]Lithuania Establishes Foreign Relations " [92] "Bilateral relations". Portal of the with the Republic of Kosovo". Ministry of Principality of Liechtenstein. Foreign Affairs of the Republic of http://www.liechtenstein.li/en/ Lithuania. 2008-09-12. eliechtenstein_main_sites/ http://www.urm.lt/ portal_fuerstentum_liechtenstein/fl-staatl.php?tmpl_into=middle&tmpl_name=m_article_view staat/fl-staat-aussenpolitik/fl-staatRetrieved on 2009-03-28. aussenpolitik-bilateral.htm. Retrieved on [102]Congresso di Stato: San Marino " 2008-03-28. riconosce il Kosovo" (in Italian). San [93] "Recognition of the Republic of Kosovo". Marino RTV. 2008-05-06. Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of http://www.sanmarinortv.sm/politica/ the Republic of Korea. 2008-03-28. default.asp?id=32&id_n=25819. http://www.mofat.go.kr/webmodule/ Retrieved on 2008-05-12. htsboard/template/read/ [103]The Czech Republic has recognized " engboardread.jsp?typeID=12&boardid=302&seqno=306110&c=TITLE&t=&pagenum=1&tableName independence of Kosovo". Ministry of Retrieved on 2008-03-28. Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. [94] "Norway recognises Kosovo as an 2008-05-21. http://www.mzv.cz/wwwo/ independent state". Norway - Ministry of mzv/ Foreign Affairs. 2008-03-28. default.asp?id=58430&ido=6569&idj=2&amb=1. http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/ud/ Retrieved on 2008-05-21. press/News/2008/ [104]Czech Republic opens its embassy to " norway_kosovo.html?id=505130. Pristina". Kosovapress. 2008-07-16. Retrieved on 2008-03-28. http://www.kosovapress.com/ks/ [95] "Presidenti Sejdiu priti ambasadorin e index.php?cid=2,2,49802. Retrieved on Norvegjisë, z. Carl Schiotz Wibye" (in 2008-07-16. Albanian). President of the Republic of [105]Embassy of the Czech Republic in " Kosovo. 2008-10-16. Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of http://www.president-ksgov.net/ the Czech Republic. http://www.mzv.cz/ ?id=5,67,67,67,a,1069. Retrieved on wwwo/mzv/ 2009-03-28. default.asp?id=44885&ido=7904&idj=2&amb=1. [96] "Norway opens new embassy in Kosovo". Retrieved on 2008-09-10. The Norway Post. [106] "Kosovo Missions Abroad". Ministry of ^ http://www.norwaypost.no/content/view/ Foreign Affairs of the Republic of 21157/. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. Kosovo. http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/ [97] "Marshall Islands recognize Kosovo". DiplomaticMissions/ B92. 2008-04-18. http://www.b92.net/ KosovoMissionsAbroad/tabid/138/ eng/news/politicslanguage/en-US/Default.aspx. Retrieved article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=04&dd=18&nav_id=49534. on 2009-03-28. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. [107]Liberia Recognizes Kosovo". Liberian " [98] "Republika e Naurusë Njohi Republikën Daily Observer. 2008-05-30. e Kosovës" (in Albanian). President of the http://www.liberianobserver.com/news/ Republic of Kosovo. 2008-04-23. fullstory.php/aid/11910/ http://www.president-ksgov.net/ Liberia_Recognizes_Kosovo.html. ?id=5,67,67,67,e,786,,. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2009-03-28. 2009-03-28. [108]Sierra Leone Recognized Kosova". " [99] "Burkina Faso recognizes Kosovo". New Kosova Press. 2008-06-13. Kosova Report. 2008-04-24. http://www.kosovapress.com/ks/ http://www.newkosovareport.com/ index.php?cid=2,2,47317. Retrieved on 20080424902/Politics/Burkina-Faso2009-03-28. recognizes-Kosovo.html. Retrieved on [109] "Colombia, Belize recognize Kosovo ^ 2008-04-24. independence". Xinhua News Agency. [100]Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo Rytinis " 2008-08-08. http://news.xinhuanet.com/ Posėdis" (in Lithuanian). ELTA. english/2008-08/08/ 2008-05-06. http://verslas.elta.lt/

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Montenegro-Kosovo-Serbia.php. Retrieved on 2008-10-09. [119]Macedonia recognizes Kosovo". " Macedonian Information Agency. 2008-10-09. http://www.mia.com.mk/ default.aspx?vId=57722300&lId=2. Retrieved on 2008-10-09. [120]Montenegro, Macedonia recognize " Kosovo - Summary". Earth Times. 2008-10-09. http://www.earthtimes.org/ articles/show/236284,montenegromacedonia-recognize-kosovo-summary.html. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. [121]UAE recognises Kosovo". Emirates " News Agency. 2008-10-14. http://www.wam.org.ae/servlet/ Satellite?c=WamLocEnews&cid=1223546208865&p T-LEN-FullNews. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. [122]UAE recognises Kosovo". IC " Publications. 2008-10-14. http://www.africasia.com/services/news/ newsitem.php?area=mideast&item=081014155526.3 Retrieved on 2008-10-14. [123]Press Statement by the Minister of " Foreign Affairs of Malaysia on the recognition of Kosovo’s independence". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. 2008-11-01. http://www.kln.gov.my/ ?m_id=26&vid=797. Retrieved on 2008-11-03. [124]Letter from Dr. Rais Yatim". Minister of " Foreign Affairs Malaysia. 2008-10-30. http://www.kosovothanksyou.com/files/ MalaysiaRecognizesTheIndependenceOfKosovo.jpg. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. [125]Welcome To The Official Website of " Liaison Office of Malaysia, Pristina". Malaysia Ministry of Foreign Affairs. http://www.kln.gov.my/perwakilan/ pristina. Retrieved on 2009-03-31. [126]Micronesia recognizes Kosovo " independence". New Kosova Report. 2008-12-06. http://www.newkosovareport.com/ 200812051471/Politics/Micronesiarecognizes-Kosovo-independence.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-06. [127]Comunicado de prensa sobre " reconocimiento de la República de Kosovo" (in Spanish). Presidencia de la República de Panamá. 2009-01-16. http://www.presidencia.gob.pa/ noticia.php?cod=10471. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.

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International recognition of Kosovo

[128]Maldives extends full diplomatic " de la Francophonie et du Monde Arabe recognition to the Republic of Kosovo". de l’Union des Comores (2009-05-14). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of "Note verbale" (in French) (pdf). The Maldives. 2009-02-19. Kosovo Times. http://kosovotimes.net/ http://www.foreign.gov.mv/v3/ kosovo-pdf-library-download-section/ ?p=news&view=sep&nid=3042. doc_download/40-recognition-by-theRetrieved on 2009-02-19. union-of-comoros.html. Retrieved on [129]Kosova dhe Maldivet vendosin " 2009-05-19. marrëdhënie diplomatike" (in Albanian). [138]BAHRAIN RECOGNIZES KOSOVO". " Telegrafi. 2009-04-16. Bahrain News Agency. 2009-05-19. http://www.telegrafi.com/ http://english.bna.bh/?ID=79090. ?id=2&a=4054. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2009-05-19. 2009-04-16. [139]MOFA Statements". Ministry of Foreign " [130]Official recognition letter by President " Affairs, Republic of China. of Palau" (pdf). Ministry of Foreign http://www.mofa.gov.tw/webapp/ Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo. content.asp?cuItem=30377&mp=6. http://www.ks-gov.net/mpj/Portals/0/ Retrieved on 2009-04-09. materialet/ [140]Newly independent Kosovo would like to " Recognition%20Note%20-%20Palau.pdf. establish relation with Mainland China". Retrieved on 2009-03-11. Voice of America. 2008-02-20. [131]Gambia recognizes the independence of " http://www.voafanti.com/gate/big5/ Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of www.voanews.com/chinese/ the Republic of Kosovo. 2009-04-07. w2008-02-20-voa57.cfm. Retrieved on http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/ 2008-02-21. 161/ItemID/284/View/Details/ [141]Taiwan recognises Kosovo " Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-04-08. independence". Tiraspol Times. [132]Kingdom of Saudi Arabia recognizes the " 2008-02-18. Republic of Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign http://www.newkosovareport.com/ Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo. 20080218607/Politics/Taiwan2009-04-20. http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/ recognizes-Kosovo-independence.html. Home/tabid/161/ItemID/292/View/ Retrieved on 2008-02-20. Details/Default.aspx. Retrieved on [142]The Government of Taiwan " 2009-04-21. Congratulates Kosovo on Gaining [133]Saudi Arabia announces recognition of " Independence". Ministry of Foreign the Republic of Kosovo". Saudi Press Affairs of the Republic of China. Agency. 2009-04-20. 2008-02-18. http://www.mofa.gov.tw/ http://www.spa.gov.sa/English/ webapp/content.asp?cuItem=30318. details.php?id=656348. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-02-18. 2009-04-20. [143]Verbatim French as given for Mourad ( [134]Kosovo plans Riyadh embassy". Arab " Medelci of Algeria by Le Soir d’Algerie: News. 2009-04-23. Interrogé, hier, sur la réaction de http://www.arabnews.com/ l’Algérie suite à l’annonce de ?page=1&section=0&article=121826&d=23&m=4&y=2009&pix=kingdom.jpg&category=Kingdom. l’indépendance du Kosovo, le ministre Retrieved on 2009-04-23. des Affaires étrangères a affirmé qu’une [135]Foreign Representations". In Your " reconnaissance de ce pays n’était pas Pocket. http://www.inyourpocket.com/ encore envisageable. «Nous ne pouvons kosovo/pristina/directory/category/ pas encore reconnaître le Kosovo en tant 61023-.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-23. qu’Etat indépendant. Il existe des lois [136]Comores recognizes Kosovo". Kosova " internationales et elles doivent être New Report. 2009-05-18. respectées. Nous suivons la situation de http://www.newkosovareport.com/ très près», a indiqué Mourad Medelci. Le 200905181776/Politics/Comoresministre tiendra à préciser que cette recognizes-Kosovo.html. Retrieved on reconnaissance ne peut avoir lieu 2009-05-18. actuellement «bien que l’Algérie éprouve [137] e Ministère des Relations Extérieures, L de la sympathie envers tous les pays de la Coopération, chargé de la Diaspora musulmans».)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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[144]Le gouvernement dénonce l’ " [154]Azerbaijan says not recognizing Kosovo " "ingérence" américaine" (in French). Le independence". Reuters. 2008-02-25. Soir d’Algérie. http://www.reuters.com/article/ http://www.lesoirdalgerie.com/articles/ newsMaps/idUSL1856553120080218. 2008/03/03/ Retrieved on 2008-02-26. article.php?sid=65238&cid=2. Retrieved [155]Azerbaijan going to withdraw " on 2008-03-18. peacekeepers from Kosovo". [145] "OIC foreign ministers split over ^ PanARMENIAN.net. 2008-02-27. Kosovo". APA. 2008-06-19. http://www.panarmenian.net/news/eng/ http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=50855. ?nid=25104. Retrieved on 2008-02-27. Retrieved on 2008-06-19. [156] "Turkey lobbying for stronger Muslim ^ [146]Algérie-Serbie : Entretiens Medelci-Vuk " support for Kosovo". APA. 2008-03-11. Jeremic à Alger" (in French). El http://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/ Moudjahid. 2009-03-21. detaylar.do?load=detay&link=136077&bolum=102. http://www.elmoudjahid.com/accueil/ [157] "Kosovo to receive more recognitions", ^ cooperation/29583.html. Retrieved on New Kosova Report, 30 June 2008. 2009-03-31. Retrieved 30 June 2008. [147]"Kosovo is about secession, not self" [158]Moriarty congratulates Iftekhar on " determination"". B92. 2009-05-17. lifting of emergency". Ministry of http://www.b92.net/eng/news/ Foreign Affairs, Bangladesh. 2008-12-17. in_focus.php?id=91&start=0&nav_id=59212. http://www.mofa.gov.bd/ Retrieved on 2009-05-19. Adviser%20press%20release.htm. [148]Angola: Head of State Sends Message to " Retrieved on 2009-03-07. Serbian Counterpart". Angola Press [159]Minister Hyseni requests recognition " Agency. 2008-06-24. http://allafrica.com/ from Barbados". Ministry of Foreign stories/200806240413.html. Retrieved Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo. on 2008-08-17. 2009-01-28. http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/ [149]Argentina rules out recognition". B92. " Home/tabid/161/ItemID/206/View/ 2008-02-29. http://www.b92.net/eng/ Details/Default.aspx. Retrieved on news/politics2009-02-07. article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=02&dd=29&nav_id=48079. supports Serbians’ pursuit of [160]Belarus " Retrieved on 2009-04-09. territorial integrity". National Center of [150] "Por las Malvinas, el Gobierno decidió ^ Legal Information of the Republic of no reconocer a Kosovo". Clarín. Belarus. 2008-02-28. http://law.by/work/ 2008-02-20. http://www.clarin.com/ EnglPortal.nsf/0/ diario/2008/02/20/elpais/p-00701.htm. 7B9B31D05C83F472C22573FD005407DF?OpenDocu Retrieved on 2008-02-20. Retrieved on 2008-02-29. [151] "Armenia doesn’t view Kosovo as ^ [161]Belarus’ Parliament issues statement in " precedent". PanArmenian.net. connection with Kosovo self-declaration 2008-03-12. of independence". BelTA. 2008-02-21. http://www.panarmenian.net/news/eng/ http://www.belta.by/en/news/politics/ ?nid=25331. Retrieved on 2009-03-31. ?id=201573. Retrieved on 2008-02-22. [152] anielyan, Emil (2008-09-04). "Armenia D [162]ЗАЯВЛЕНИЕ Постоянной комиссии " Rules Out Abkhazia, South Ossetia Совета Республики по Recognition". Armenialiberty.org. международным делам и http://www.armenialiberty.org/ национальной безопасности и armeniareport/report/en/2008/09/ Постоянной комиссии Палаты E5FDD453-D06C-4C03-B625-2C741767F725.ASP. представителей по международным Retrieved on 2009-03-31. делам и связям с СНГ Национального [153]Armenia can’t recognize Abkhazia and " собрания Республики Беларусь" (in South Ossetia before it recognizes Russian). National Assembly of the Karabakh". PanArmenian.net. Republic of Belarus. 2008-02-21. 2008-11-11. http://www.sovrep.gov.by/index.php/ http://www.panarmenian.net/news/eng/ .1.3763...0.0.0.html. Retrieved on ?nid=27633. Retrieved on 2009-03-31. 2008-02-22.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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[163]Statement by the Foreign Ministry of " article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=04&dd=18&nav_id=58 the Republic of Belarus relating to the Retrieved on 2009-04-18. unilateral proclamation of independence [173]Comunicado de Prensa Situaciòn en " by the Kosovo temporary authorities of Kosovo" (in Spanish). Ministry of Foreign self-government". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2008-02-27. Archived from the Affairs of the Republic of Belarus. original on 2008-03-12. http://www.mfa.gov.by/en/press/officialhttp://web.archive.org/web/ releases/ac692ee50d369a5d.html. 20080312234248/ Retrieved on 2009-03-07. http://www.minrel.gov.cl/webMinRel/ [164]Ministri Hyseni ka kërkuar njohjen e " showNoti.do?noticia=4795&&agina=bajadaKosovës nga Benini" (in Albanian). noticia-sb.jsp. Retrieved on 2008-02-28. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the [174]China ’deeply concerned’ over Kosovo " Republic of Kosovo. 2009-03-25. independence: govt". AFP. 2008-02-18. http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/ http://afp.google.com/article/ 161/ItemID/259/View/Details/ ALeqM5i3P7GRr55t2l7VZqxiWweagLgJqw. Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-03-26. Retrieved on 2008-07-18. [165] "Venezuela’s Chavez won’t recognise ^ [175]Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Liu " independent Kosovo". International Jianchao’s Remarks on Kosovo’s Herald Tribune. 2008-02-21. Unilateral Declaration of Independence". http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/02/ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the 21/america/LA-GEN-VenezuelaPeople’s Republic of China. 2008-02-18. Kosovo.php. Retrieved on 2008-02-22. http://www.mfa.gov.cn/eng/xwfw/s2510/ [166] ajrudin Somun (2008-08-27). "Doubtful H t408032.htm. Retrieved on 2008-07-18. Kosovo passports". [176] "Russia, China & India insist Kosovo ^ http://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/ and Serbia resume talks". Russia Today. detaylar.do?load=detay&link=151277&bolum=109. 2008-05-15. http://www.russiatoday.ru/ Retrieved on 2008-09-22. news/news/24794. Retrieved on [167]Bosnia to refuse Kosovo passports". " 2008-06-19. www.B92.net (Serbia). 2008-08-02. [177] "Russia, China, India in Kosovo Talks ^ http://www.b92.net/eng/news/regionPush". Balkan Insight. 2008-05-15. article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=08&dd=02&nav_id=52399. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ Retrieved on 2008-09-22. news/10202/. Retrieved on 2008-06-19. [168]VOA Interviews Balkan Presidents on " [178] "Russia, China & India insist Kosovo ^ Kosovo". Voice of America. 2008-09-27. and Serbia resume talks". Russia Today http://www.voanews.com/english/About/ Video. 2008-05-15. 2008-09-27-balkan-presidents.cfm. http://www.youtube.com/ Retrieved on 2009-03-31. watch?v=kPa5dxU7hMA. Retrieved on [169]Nebojša Radmanović: "Silajdžić istupa u " 2008-06-19. svoje ime"" (in Serbian). 24sata.info. [179]"China reiterates support for Serbia"". " 2008-09-18. http://www.24sata.info/ B92. 2009-04-07. http://www.b92.net/ 17224. Retrieved on 2009-03-31. eng/news/politics[170]Brasil não reconhece Kosovo sem " article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=04&dd=07&nav_id=58 acordo com Sérvia". Grupo RBS. Retrieved on 2009-04-07. 2008-02-22. http://www.clicrbs.com.br/ [180]I hope I never have reason to be " diariocatarinense/jsp/ ashamed". Reflections of Fidel Castro. default.jsp?uf=1&local=1&newsID=a1774669.xml. Trabajadores. 2008-04-12. Retrieved on 2008-03-15. http://www.trabajadores.cu/reflexiones[171]Brasil não reconhece Kosovo sem " de-fidel-castro/ingles/i-hope-i-never-haveacordo com Sérvia" (in Portuguese). reason-to-be-ashamed/. Retrieved on Canal Rural. 2008-02-22. 2009-03-31. http://www.fmss.org.br/canalrural/jsp/ [181]FM: Cyprus will never recognize " default.jsp?uf=1&local=1&action=noticias&id=1774669&section=noticias. unilaterally declared independence of Retrieved on 2009-03-31. Kosovo". People’s Daily Online. [172]Jeremić: Process of century at ICJ". B92. " 2008-02-12. 2009-04-18. http://www.b92.net/eng/ http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/ news/politics-

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International recognition of Kosovo

90777/90853/6353117.html. Retrieved article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=09&dd=29&nav_id=53 on 2009-04-09. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. [182]Cyprus president ’plans for unity’". Al " [191]Diplomat: Egypt will recognize Kosovo " Jazeera. 2008-03-07. soon". New Kosova Report. 2008-11-02. http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/ http://www.newkosovareport.com/ 9E33FC42-C69C-46A0-BA23-5E36BCA1109D.htm. 200811021354/Politics/Diplomat-EgyptRetrieved on 2009-04-09. will-recognize-Kosovo-soon.html. [183]Cyprus doesn’t recognize Kosovo " Retrieved on 2008-11-02. independence". B92. 2006-03-26. [192]Njohja nga Egjipti do të vijë shumë " http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politicsshpejt" (in Albanian). Telegrafi.com. article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=03&dd=26&nav_id=48811. 2008-11-01. http://telegrafi.com/ Retrieved on 2008-03-26. ?id=2&a=2668. Retrieved on [184]Cyprus will never recognize Kosovo ? " 2009-04-01. president". B92. 2009-02-23. [193]Egypt ’Weighing’ Kosovo Recognition". " http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politicsBalkan Insight. 2008-11-03. article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=02&dd=23&nav_id=57371. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ Retrieved on 2009-02-24. news/14501/. Retrieved on 2009-04-01. [185]Informes de Gestión - Representaciones " [194]Kosovo Barred from Islamic Conference " ecuatorianas en el exterior" (in Spanish). Talks". Balkan Insight. 2008-11-24. República del Ecuador - Ministerio de http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio e news/15007/. Retrieved on 2009-04-01. Integración. http://www.mmrree.gov.ec/ [195]Mubarak: Egypt will not recognize " mre/documentos/novedades/informes/ Kosovo". B92. 2009-04-01. ano2008/agosto/londres.htm. Retrieved http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politicson 2009-03-31. article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=04&dd=01&nav_id=58 [186]Ecuador seriously considers the " Retrieved on 2009-04-01. recognition of Kosovo". Ministry of [196]AKR: El Salvadori do ta njohë Kosovën " Foreign Affairs of the Republic of më 1 qershor" (in Albanian). Telegrafi. Kosovo. 2009-01-28. http://www.ks2009-05-14. http://www.telegrafi.com/ gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/161/ItemID/ ?id=2&a=4354. Retrieved on 205/View/Details/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2009-05-14. on 2009-02-07. [197]Ethiopia to come up with a decision for " [187]Ekuadori po ndjek me kujdes zhvillimet " Kosovo at right time". Ministry of në Kosovë" (in Albanian). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo. 2009-01-28. http://www.ksKosovo. 2009-03-26. http://www.ksgov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/161/ItemID/ gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/161/ItemID/ 208/View/Details/Default.aspx. Retrieved 266/View/Details/Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-02-07. on 2009-03-26. [198]Georgia not planning to recognise " [188] "Kosovo’s proclaimed independence ^ Kosovo-minister". Reuters. 2008-02-18. provokes mixed responses from http://www.reuters.com/article/ international community". Xinhua. latestCrisis/idUSL18159629. Retrieved 2008-02-17. http://news.xinhuanet.com/ on 2009-04-09. english/2008-02/18/ [199]Georgia Will Not Recognize Kosovo " content_7620326.htm. Retrieved on Foreign Minister". The Georgian Times. 2008-02-17. 2008-02-19. http://www.geotimes.ge/ [189]Kosovo leaders continue their activity at " index.php?m=home&newsid=9375. the UN". New Kosova Report. Retrieved on 2009-04-09. 2008-09-29. [200]Estonian Paper Releases Audio of PM " http://www.newkosovareport.com/ Saying Georgia would Recognize 200809291260/Politics/Kosovo-leadersKosovo". The Financial, Business News & continue-their-activity-at-the-UN.html. Multimedia. 2008-04-05. Retrieved on 2008-09-29. http://www.finchannel.com/ [190]Egypt: Serbia defending rights". B92. " index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=989 2008-09-29. http://www.b92.net/eng/ Retrieved on 2008-07-06. news/politics-

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International recognition of Kosovo

[201]Georgia will not recognize Kosovo". " [210]Greece ’Accepts Kosovo Reality’". " B92. 2008-05-09. http://www.b92.net/ Balkan Insight. 2008-11-19. eng/news/politicshttp://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=05&dd=09&nav_id=50095. news/14908/. Retrieved on 2008-11-19. Retrieved on 2008-06-22. [211]Greece won’t recognize Kosovo". B92. " [202]President Kufuor Receives Letters Of " 2008-11-19. http://www.b92.net/eng/ Credence Of Five New Envoys". Ghana news/politicsOfficial Portal. 2008-03-19. article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=11&dd=19&nav_id=55 http://www.ghana.gov.gh/ghana/ Retrieved on 2008-11-19. president_kufuor_receives_letters_credence_five_new_envoys.jsp. by EP resolution". B92. [212]Greece unmoved " Retrieved on 2009-04-01. 2009-02-06. http://www.b92.net/eng/ [203]Hyseni kërkon njohje nga Kina, Gana, " news/politicsGrenada, Bahreini, Libia..." (in Albanian). article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=02&dd=06&nav_id=56 Telegrafi.com. 2009-03-25. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. http://www.telegrafi.com/ [213]Kosovo says it is able to join IMF" " ?id=2&a=3876. Retrieved on ft.com 06 May 2009 Link accessed 06 2009-03-26. May 2009 [204]Statements of FM Ms. Bakoyannis " [214]Minister Hyseni’s activities in New " following the EU General Affairs and York". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the External Relations Council (GAERC, Republic of Kosovo. 2009-03-25. Brussels)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/ Greece. 2008-02-18. http://www.mfa.gr/ 161/ItemID/261/View/Details/ www.mfa.gr/Articles/en-US/ Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-03-26. 190208_alp_1300.htm. [215]Koha punon në të mirë të Kosovës" (in " [205]Greece President hints at recognition of " Albanian). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo". New Kosova Report. the Republic of Kosovo. 2009-03-26. 2008-07-07. http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/ http://www.newkosovareport.com/ 161/ItemID/265/View/Details/ 200807071025/Region/Greece-PresidentDefault.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-03-26. hints-at-recognition-of-Kosovo.html. [216] "Kosovo speaker meets with ^ Retrieved on 2009-04-01. ambassadors, world officials". New [206]"Europe’s made big mistakes in " Kosova Report. 2008-08-28. Balkans"". B92. 2008-07-04. http://www.newkosovareport.com/ http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics200808281171/Politics/Kosovo-speakerarticle.php?yyyy=2008&mm=07&dd=04&nav_id=51627. meets-with-ambassadors-worldRetrieved on 2009-04-01. officials.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-28. [207]Briefing of diplomatic correspondents " [217]Haiti së shpejti do të shqyrtojë kërkesën " by Foreign Ministry spokesman Mr. G. e Kosovës për njohje" (in Albanian). Koumoutsakos". Ministry of Foreign Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Affairs of Greece. 2008-08-29. Republic of Kosovo. 2009-03-26. http://www.mfa.gr/www.mfa.gr/Articles/ http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/ en-US/290808_alp_1636.htm. Retrieved 161/ItemID/267/View/Details/ on 2008-09-20. Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-03-26. [208]Official Website, Statements and News". " [218]In response to questions on " Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece. developments regarding Kosovo". 2008-08-29. http://www.mfa.gr/. Ministry of External Affairs, New Delhi. Retrieved on 2008-09-20. 2008-02-18. http://meaindia.nic.in/ [209]Kosovo’s Balkan neighbhors edge closer " pressbriefing/2008/02/18pb01.htm. to recognition". New Kosova Report. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. 2008-09-20. [219]Ambassador: India’s Kosovo stand " http://www.newkosovareport.com/ consistent". B92. 2008-03-31. 200809201235/Politics/Kosovo-s-Balkanhttp://www.b92.net/eng/news/politicsneighbhoors-edge-closer-toarticle.php?yyyy=2008&mm=03&dd=31&nav_id=48 recognition.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-06-19. 2008-09-23. [220]India to back Serbian UN GA bid". B92. " 2008-07-31. http://www.b92.net/eng/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International recognition of Kosovo

news/politicsSatellite?cid=1203343699593&pagename=JPost%2F article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=07&dd=31&nav_id=52346. on 2008-03-09. Retrieved Retrieved on 2008-07-31. [231] feffer, Anshel (2008-02-21). "Israel P [221]Ambassador: India continues to back " breaks ranks on Kosovo". The Jewish Serbia". B92. 2009-01-24. Chronicle. http://website.thejc.com/ http://www6.b92.net/eng/news/politicshome.aspx?AId=58213&ATypeId=1&search=true2& article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=01&dd=24&nav_id=56642. on 2009-04-04. Retrieved Retrieved on 2009-01-24. [232]Израиль пока не намерен признавать " [222] ambang Purwanto (2008-02-20). B независимость Косово" (in Russian). "Indonesia urged to recognise Kosovo’s RIA Novosti. 2008-02-19. independence". Antara. http://www.rian.ru/world/20080219/ http://www.antara.co.id/en/arc/2008/2/ 99597814.html. Retrieved on 20/indonesia-urged-to-recognize-kosovos2009-04-04. independence/. Retrieved on [233]Israeli position on Kosovo firm" " 2008-02-23. [234]Izrael ne menja stav o nezavisnosti " [223]Indonesia supports Kosovo problem " Kosova" (in Serbian). RTS. 2009-04-28. solution through negotiations". http://www.rts.rs/page/stories/sr/story/9/ http://www.ekonomskitim.sr.gov.yu/ Srbija/58293/ et.php?str=novost_detalji&jez=eng&nov=1967. Izrael+ne+menja+stav+o+nezavisnosti+Kosova.htm [224]Indonesia in strong support over " Retrieved on 2009-04-28. Kosovo". B92. 2008-08-26. [235]Jordania bëhet gati të njohë Kosovën?" " http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics(in Albanian). Telegrafi. 2009-04-24. article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=08&dd=26&nav_id=52989. http://www.telegrafi.com/ Retrieved on 2009-04-04. ?id=2&a=4156. Retrieved on [225]"Indonesia does not plan to recognise " 2009-04-25. Kosovo"". Ekonomist Media Group. [236] "Kosovo’s proclamation of ^ 2009-01-30. http://www.emportal.rs/en/ independence triggers more mixed news/serbia/77431.html. Retrieved on responses". Xinhua News Agency. 2009-04-04. 2008-02-18. http://news.xinhuanet.com/ [226]Indonesia to recognize Kosovo soon". " english/2008-02/18/ New Kosova Report. 2009-04-02. content_7626568.htm. Retrieved on http://www.newkosovareport.com/ 2009-04-09. 200904021696/Politics/Indonesia-to[237] orelova, Maria (2008-10-02). G recognize-Kosovo-soon.html. Retrieved "Казахстан не станет признавать on 2009-04-04. Южную Осетию" (in Russian). [227]Indonesia open towards recognition of " Komsomolskaya Pravda. Kosovo". Kosovo Thanks You. http://orenburg.kp.ru/online/news/ 2009-04-02. 147460/. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. http://www.kosovothanksyou.com/news/ [238]Руководство Казахстана не будет " ?p=377. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. признавать независимость Абхазии и [228]Ahmadinejad: US ’Enemies of All " Южной Осетии" (in Russian). Polit.ru. Humanity’". Alalam. 2008-03-14. 2008-12-12. http://www.polit.ru/news/ http://www.alalam.ir/english/en2008/12/12/independence.popup.html. NewsPage.asp?newsid=041030120080314111725. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. [239]ВЕСТИ АМБАСАДЕ (Embassy News)" " [229]Golamreza Ansari, Iran’s Ambassador to " (in Serbian). Embassy of the Republic of Russia: "We don’t have such missiles"". Serbia - Nairobi, Kenya. 2008-07-30. Moscow News. 2008-03-13. http://www.embassyofserbia.or.ke/ http://mnweekly.ru/world/20080313/ 01_4_vesti_ambasada.html. Retrieved on 55316656.html. Retrieved on 2009-02-23. 2009-04-04. [240]Кувейт выступает за продолжение " [230]Sources: Israel won’t recognize Kosovo, " диалога по проблеме Косово - посол" for now". The Jerusalem Post. (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 2008-02-21. 2008-02-19. http://www.jpost.com/ http://www.rian.ru/world/20080221/ servlet/ 99780445.html. Retrieved on 2008-02-22.

46

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International recognition of Kosovo

[241]The position of the Kyrgyz Republic on " México - Secretaria de Relaciones Kosovo". Kyrgyzstan Ministry of Foreign Exteriores. 2008-02-19. Affairs. http://www.mfa.kg/mews-of-mfahttp://www.sre.gob.mx/csocial/contenido/ kr/poziciya-kirgizskoi-respubliki-pocomunicados/2008/feb/cp_032.html. kosovo_en.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2009-04-09. 2009-03-08. [252]Moldova will not recognise Kosovo’s " [242]Kirgisien erkennt Kosovo" independence". Associated Press. Unabhängigkeit nicht an" (in German). 2008-02-18. http://www.iht.com/articles/ RIA Novosti. 2008-02-20. ap/2008/02/18/europe/EU-GEN-Moldovahttp://de.rian.ru/world/20080220/ Kosovo.php. Retrieved on 2008-03-27. 99706006.html. Retrieved on [253]Sejdiu: Mongolia te njohe Kosoven" (in " 2008-02-21. Albanian). Top TV. 2009-05-08. [243]Archive-Laonews: Laos comments on " http://www.top-channel.tv/new/ Kosovo". Yahoo groups archive of KPL artikull.php?id=151065. Retrieved on News. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ 2009-05-08. archive-laonews/message/14303. [254]People and institutions of Morocco " Retrieved on 2008-10-04. Kingdom support the will of Kosovo [244]Libya does not recognise Kosovo " people". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of independence". Serbian Government. the Republic of Kosovo. 2009-01-29. 2008-03-18. http://www.srbija.gov.rs/ http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/ vesti/vest.php?id=44250. Retrieved on 161/ItemID/209/View/Details/ 2009-04-04. Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-02-07. [245]Libya ’Won’t Back Serbia’s Kosovo " [255]Mozambique: Country Still Thinking " Case’". Balkan Insight. 2008-10-02. About Kosovo Recognition". http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ AllAfrica.com. 2008-02-27. news/13648/. Retrieved on 2008-10-03. http://allafrica.com/stories/ [246]Gaddafi: Libya has no intention of " 200802270862.html. Retrieved on recognizing Kosmet independence". 2008-02-27. Radio Srbija. 2009-04-09. [256]More Kosovo Recognitions ’Soon’". " http://glassrbije.org/E/ Balkan Insight. 2008-11-14. index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6854&Itemid=26. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ Retrieved on 2009-04-09. news/14784/. Retrieved on 2008-11-14. [247]Details emerge of ICJ statements". B92. " [257]Kosovo: PM explains why no formal " 2009-05-17. http://www.b92.net/eng/ statement from NZ". New Zealand news/politicsHerald. 2008-02-18. article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=05&dd=17&nav_id=59202. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/ Retrieved on 2009-05-17. story.cfm?c_id=280&objectid=10493183. [248]New governments of Spain and Cyprus " Retrieved on 2009-04-09. will refuse Kosovo recognition". Kosovo [258]Nicaragua mantiene postura de " Compromise. 2008-03-11. observación ante independencia de http://www.kosovocompromise.com/cms/ Kosovo" (in Spanish). Terra. 2008-02-19. item/topic/ http://noticias.terra.com/articulo/html/ en.html?view=story&id=679&sectionId=1. act1142155.htm. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-02-13. 2009-04-04. [249] "Paralajmërohet njohja nga Katari dhe ^ [259]More Kosovo Recognitions ’Soon’". " Mauritania" (in Albanian). telegrafi.com. Balkan Insight. 2008-11-14. 2009-04-30. http://www.telegrafi.com/ http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ ?id=2&a=4210. Retrieved on news/14784. Retrieved on 2009-02-08. 2009-04-30. [260]Declaration of Independence by " [250]Exact Spanish as given by the MFA ( Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, website: Nuestro país seguirá atento a la Pakistan. 2008-02-19. evolución de la situación para adoptar, http://www.mofa.gov.pk/Press_Releases/ en el momento oportuno, una posición 2008/Feb/PR_033_08.htm. Retrieved on sobre lo ocurrido el pasado domingo.) 2008-02-22. [251]Pronunciamiento de México en Torno a " [261]Recognition of Kosovo by Pakistan just a " la Situación en Kosovo" (in Spanish). matter of time". Ministry of Foreign

47

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Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo. 2009-02-10. http://www.csees.net/ 2008-01-28. http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/ ?page=news&news_id=70902&country_id=6. Home/tabid/161/ItemID/204/View/ Retrieved on 2009-04-04. Details/Default.aspx. Retrieved on [271]Putin calls Kosovo independence " 2009-02-07. ’terrible precedent’". 2008-02-22. [262]Comunicado de Prensa sobre la " http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/ Declaración de Independencia de 1203714121.65/. Retrieved on Kosovo.". Ministerio de Relaciones 2008-07-18. Exteriores. 2008-02-25. [272]Medvedev pledges support for Serbia". " http://www.mre.gov.py/dependencias/ Al Jazeera. 2008-02-26. prensa/Comunicados/ http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/ listado.asp?codigo=143. Retrieved on 4F26C374-04C6-49E9-90EC-5A835CB96817.htm. 2008-02-25. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. [263] "Philippines prefers negotiated ^ [273]Russia links Tibet violence to Kosovo " settlement to Kosovo’s independence precedent". RIA Novosti. 2008-03-18. declaration". International Herald http://story.malaysiasun.com/index.php/ Tribune. 2008-02-19. http://www.iht.com/ ct/9/cid/b8de8e630faf3631/id/338778/cs/ articles/ap/2008/02/19/asia/AS-GEN-Asia1/. Retrieved on 2008-03-19. Kosovo.php. Retrieved on 2008-10-05. [274] olovyov, Dimitry (2008-03-24). "Russia’s S [264]Philippines tiptoes around Kosovo " Putin orders aid for Kosovo Serb recognition". Reuters Tribune. enclaves". Reuters. 2008-02-19. http://www.reuters.com/ http://www.reuters.com/article/ article/newsOne/ latestCrisis/idUSL24554167. Retrieved idUSMAN6439620080219?virtualBrandChannel=10010. on 2009-04-04. Retrieved on 2009-03-11. [275]Thaci opposes Russian aid to Kosovo " [265]Kosovo Seeks Arab Recognition". Balkan " Serbs". B92. 2008-03-26. Insight. 2008-05-27. http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politicshttp://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=03&dd=26&nav_id=48 news/10480/. Retrieved on 2009-04-09. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. [266]H.E. the Premier: the Sudanese " [276]Russia’s Medvedev condemns Western " president is welcomed in Qatar". Arab ’paternalism’". ABC News. 2008-06-16. League Summit, Doha. 2009-03-10. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/ http://www.dohasummit.com/english/ 2008/07/16/2304710.htm?section=world. viewlastnews.php?id=8. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2009-04-04. 2009-04-25. [277]Thaçi: Russia will recognize Kosovo". " [267]President Basescu says Romania not to " New Kosova Report. 2009-02-19. recognise Kosovo independence". http://www.newkosovareport.com/ HotNews.ro. 2008-02-19. 200902191623/Politics/Thaci-Russia-willhttp://english.hotnews.ro/stirirecognize-Kosovo.html. Retrieved on top_news-2390491-president-basescu2009-02-20. says-romania-not-recognize-kosovo[278]Moscow on Kosovo: no means no!". " independence.htm. Retrieved on Russia Today. 2009-02-20. 2008-02-19. http://www.russiatoday.com/Politics/ [268]Romania will not recognise Kosovo " 2009-02-20/ independence". Reuters. 2008-02-19. Moscow_on_Kosovo__no_means_no_.html. http://www.reuters.com/article/ Retrieved on 2009-02-20. newsMaps/idUSL18447620080218. [279]Russia not getting ready to recognize " Retrieved on 2008-02-19. Kosovo - Lavrov". RIA Novosti. [269]FM Diaconescu reiterates Romania’s " 2009-02-20. http://en.rian.ru/russia/ stance on Kosovo". Nine o’Clock. 20090220/120237609.html. Retrieved on 2009-02-09. http://www.nineoclock.ro/ 2009-02-20. index.php?page=detalii&categorie=worldnews&id=20090208-20466.Consultative [280]The Foreign Affairs " Retrieved on 2009-04-04. Committee Holds Its Inaugural Meeting". [270]Romania will not recognize Kosovo " St. Kitts & Nevis Ministry of Foreign independence: FM". Centre for Affairs. 2008-03-27. http://gip.gov.kn/ SouthEast European Studies.

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ct.asp?xItem=832&ctNode=212&mp=6. [290]Slovakia Not to Recognize Kosovo " Retrieved on 2008-06-06. Passports". iStockAnalyst. 2008-07-14. [281]Kosovo’s Declaration of Independence". " http://www.istockanalyst.com/article/ SKNVibes. http://www.sknvibes.com/ viewiStockNews+articleid_2392709&title=Slovakia_ Commentary/Index.cfm/233. Retrieved Retrieved on 2008-07-15. on 2008-06-19. [291]Slovak PM voices strong support for " [282]Saint Lucia is soon expected to " Serbia". B92. 2008-10-13. recognize Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politicsAffairs of the Republic of Kosovo. article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=10&dd=13&nav_id=54 2009-03-26. http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/ Retrieved on 2009-04-04. Home/tabid/161/ItemID/271/View/ [292]Slovakia Recognizes Kosovan " Details/Default.aspx. Retrieved on Passports". Radio Slovakia International 2009-03-26. (RSI). 2008-11-28. http://www.rozhlas.sk/ [283]MFA Spokesman’s Comments in " inetportal/rsi/ Response to Media Queries on Kosovo’s core.php?page=showSprava&id=12101&lang=2. unilateral declaration of independence". Retrieved on 2008-11-28. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Singapore. [293] "Spain, Slovakia reject EP resolution". ^ 2008-02-18. http://app.mfa.gov.sg/2006/ B92. 2009-02-07. http://www.b92.net/ lowres/press/ eng/news/politicsview_press.asp?post_id=3719. Retrieved article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=02&dd=07&nav_id=56 on 2008-03-23. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. [284]Singapore to support ICJ initiative". " [294]Jeremic: Co-operation With Vojvodina " B92. 2008-08-13. http://www.b92.net/ Slovaks Is at Good Level". TASR. eng/news/politics2009-03-02. http://www.tasr.sk/ article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=08&dd=12&nav_id=52647. 30.axd?k=20090402TBB00350. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. [285]Backing Request by Serbia, General " [295]Lajčak: Intl. law based on principles". " Assembly Decides to Seek International B92. 2009-05-05. http://www.b92.net/ Court of Justice Ruling on Legality of eng/news/politicsKosovo’s Independence". United Nations. article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=05&dd=05&nav_id=58 2008-10-08. http://www.un.org/News/ Retrieved on 2009-05-06. Press/docs/2008/ga10764.doc.htm. [296]Immigration Requirements of Solomon " Retrieved on 2009-03-31. Islands". Solomon Islands Department of [286]Slovak MFA takes note of Kosovo " Commerce, Industries and Employment. unilateral declaration of independence". http://www.commerce.gov.sb/Divisions/ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Immigration/ Republic. 2008-02-17. Immigration_Requirements.htm. http://www.mzv.sk/servlet/content?MT=/ Retrieved on 2009-03-28. App/WCM/main.nsf/vw_ByID/ [297]South Africa: Govt Calls for Continued " ID_B282288063522198C1256C7D003A13DF_SK&OpenDocument=Y&NCH=Y&menu=0&OB=0&LAN Kosovo Negotiations". All Africa. Retrieved on 2008-08-22. 2008-02-19. http://allafrica.com/stories/ [287] Lesná, Ľuba (2008-02-25). "Slovaks ^ 200802191373.html. Retrieved on divided on Kosovo". The Slovak 2009-04-09. Spectator. http://www.spectator.sk/ [298]Notes following Briefing by Ambassador " articles/view/30829/2/ George Nene on Kosovo’s Unilateral slovaks_divided_on_kosovo.html. Declaration of Independence". Republic Retrieved on 2008-03-21. of South Africa Department of Foreign [288]Slovakia: Declaration violates basic " Affairs. 2008-02-20. international law". B92. 2008-02-25. http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/speeches/ http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics2008/nene0220.html. Retrieved on article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=02&dd=25&nav_id=47966. 2008-06-18. Retrieved on 2008-12-10. [299]South Africa "won’t change its mind on " [289]Slovakia Never To Recognize Kosovo". " Kosovo"". B92. 2009-05-10. Serbianna. 2008-02-24. http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politicshttp://www.serbianna.com/news/2008/ article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=05&dd=10&nav_id=59 01504.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-12-10. Retrieved on 2009-05-11.

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[300]Spain Holds Staff From EU Kosovo " [310]Uganda në kohë optimale do të marrë " Mission". Balkan Insight. 2008-03-31. vendimin e për Kosovën" (in Albanian). http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the news/9028/. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. Republic of Kosovo. 2009-03-26. [301]Spanish position visa vi Kosovo". The " http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/ Kosovo Times. 2009-05-13. 161/ItemID/264/View/Details/ http://kosovotimes.net/flash-news/ Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-03-26. 144-spanish-position-visa-vi[311]Statement on Kosovo by the Ministry of " kosovo-.html. Retrieved on 2009-05-13. Foreign Affairs of Ukraine". MFA of [302]Foreign Ministry Statement on the " Ukraine. 2008-02-18. Unilateral Declaration of Independence http://www.mfa.gov.ua/mfa/en/ by Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, publication/content/16732.htm. Sri Lanka. 2008-02-17. Retrieved on 2008-05-12. http://www.slmfa.gov.lk/ [312]President comments on Kosovo " index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1141&Itemid=75. President of Ukraine recognition issue". Retrieved on 2009-03-07. website. 2008-02-19. [303]Sudan UN envoy says Georgia war " http://www.president.gov.ua/en/news/ eased international pressure on his 9060.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-12. country". Sudan Tribune. 2008-08-29. [313]Ukraine to back Serbia’s position on " http://www.sudantribune.com/ Kosovo". Ukrainian Radio. 2008-02-20. spip.php?article28440. Retrieved on http://www.nrcu.gov.ua/ 2009-04-04. index.php?id=148&listid=60919. [304]Syria "refuses to recognize Kosovo"". " Retrieved on 2008-05-12. B92. 2009-05-13. http://www.b92.net/ [314]Yulia Tymoshenko: Ukraine will " eng/news/politicsdetermine its stance concerning Kosovo article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=05&dd=13&nav_id=59133. independence after respective evaluation Retrieved on 2009-05-14. of international institutions". Office of [305]Jeremić: Libya supports Serbia". B92. " mass media relations of the Cabinet of 2009-04-09. http://www.b92.net/eng/ Ministers of Ukraine Secretariat. news/politics2008-04-16. http://www.kmu.gov.ua/ article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=04&dd=09&nav_id=58405. control/en/publish/ Retrieved on 2009-04-09. article?art_id=126756232&cat_id=2297108. [306]Таджикистан не признает " Retrieved on 2008-05-12. независимость Косово" (in Russian). [315]Ukraine’s stance on Kosovo dictated by " Central Asian News. 2008-02-19. its desire to keep neutral status". Unian http://www.afn.by/news/ news agency. 2008-10-22. view.asp?newsid=95911. Retrieved on http://www.unian.net/eng/news/ 2008-02-22. news-280045.html. Retrieved on [307]Bangkok will ratify Asean charter in " 2008-10-22. June". Bangkok Post. 2008-02-18. [316]Огрызко обещает, что Украина " http://209.85.129.104/ никогда не признает республики типа search?q=cache:www.bangkokpost.com/ Косово или Абхазии" (in Ukranian). News/21Feb2008_news15.php. Retrieved Segodnya. 2008-12-04. on 2008-02-21. http://www.segodnya.ua/news/ [308]More Kosovo Recognitions ’Soon’". " 13044483.html. Retrieved on Balkan Insight. 2008-11-14. 2009-04-04. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/ [317]Situación de Kosovo a estudio" (in " news/14784. Retrieved on 2009-02-08. Spanish). Ultimas Noticias. 2008-03-04. [309]The Government of Trinidad and Tobago " http://www.ultimasnoticias.com.uy/ will consider the request of Kosovo for hemeroteca/190208/portada/ recognition". Ministry of Foreign Affairs general.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-04. of the Republic of Kosovo. 2009-03-25. [318]19 февраля с.г. в г.Вене состоялось " http://www.ks-gov.net/MPJ/Home/tabid/ ..." (in Russian). Uzbekistan Foreign 161/ItemID/270/View/Details/ Ministry. 2008-02-20. http://mfa.uz/rus/ Default.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-03-26. pressa_i_media_servis/200208r_4.mgr. Retrieved on 2008-02-31.

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[319]Chavez: Venezuela no reconoce " world/middle_east/7254434.stm. "independencia" de Kosovo.". Retrieved on 2009-04-04. YouTube.com. 2008-02-23. [330]Process of independence: POLISARIO " http://www.youtube.com/ Front denounces the policy of "two watch?v=sQVycPz6Xvw. Retrieved on weights two measures"". Sahara Press 2008-02-23. Service. 2008-02-20. [320]Chavez: U.S. encouraging Tibet " http://www.spsrasd.info/en/ violence". USA Today. 2008-03-24. detail.php?id=839. Retrieved on http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/ 2008-04-13. 2008-03-24-chavez-china_N.htm. [331]"S. Ossetia won’t recognize Kosovo"". " Retrieved on 2009-04-04. B92. 2008-09-02. http://www.b92.net/ [321]Vietnam says against unilateral Kosovo " eng/news/politicsindependence". Reuters. 2008-02-18. article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=09&dd=02&nav_id=53 http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/ Retrieved on 2009-04-04. idUSSP3143120080218. Retrieved on [332]PMR Foreign Ministry: "Kosovo sets " 2008-02-18. new model for conflict solving"". Tiraspol [322]Zambia to decide on Kosovo". ZNBC. " Times. 2008-02-22. 2008-03-03. http://www.znbc.co.zm/ http://www.tiraspoltimes.com/news/ media/news/ pmr_foreign_ministry_kosovo_sets_new_model_for_co viewnews.cgi?category=8&id=1204535399. Retrieved on 2008-02-22. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. [333] hough the Holy See is an observer state T [323]Vypusk №50-51...: Prezident Sergey " at the UN, it is not a member state. The Bagapsh..." (in Russian). Apsnypress. Holy See maintains official diplomatic 2008-02-18. http://www.apsnypress.info/ relations with most UN member states. archiv.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-27. [334]Vatican calls for moderation in Kosovo " [324]Abkhazia: We could recognize Kosovo". " and Serbia". Christian Today. Macedonian International News Agency. 2008-02-18. 2008-09-05. http://macedoniaonline.eu/ http://www.christiantoday.com/article/ content/view/3271/46/. Retrieved on vatican.calls.for.moderation.in.kosovo.and.serbia/ 2009-04-04. 16924.htm. [325]Abkhazia, Kosovo to recognize each " [335]Vatican advises moderation in response " other?". B92. 2008-09-05. to Kosovo independence". Catholic News http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politicsAgency. 2008-02-19. article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=09&dd=05&nav_id=53249. http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/ Retrieved on 2009-04-04. new.php?n=11835. [326]Георгий Петросян: "Признание " [336]Надо чаще встречаться" (in Russian). " Косово станет еще одним фактором, Itogi. 2008-06-17. http://www.itogi.ru/ усиливающим позиции vokrug/2008/25/37594.html. Retrieved Степанакерта"" (in Russian). Nagornoon 2009-04-04. Karabakh Republic Ministry of Foreign [337]Vatican Does Not Intend To Recognize " Affairs. 2008-02-18. http://www.nkr.am/ Kosovo Soon, Casper". Tanjug. ru/statement/44/. Retrieved on 2008-06-16. http://vesti.krstarica.com/ 2008-06-30. ?rubrika=aktuelno&lang=1&sifra=a691030fef5428e [327]President Talat’s Message on Kosovo’s " Retrieved on 2009-04-04. Declaration of Independence". Turkish [338]Security Council divided on Kosovo " Republic of Northern Cyprus Presidency. independence". The Times of India. 2008-02-18. http://www.kktcb.eu/ 2008-02-17. index.php?tpl=show_news&id=236. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/ Retrieved on 2009-04-04. World/ [328] hough Palestine is an observer entity at T Security_Council_divided_on_Kosovo_independence/ the UN, it is not a member state. articleshow/2790852.cms. Retrieved on Palestine maintains official diplomatic 2008-02-17. relations with most UN member states. [339] obinson, Matt (2008-03-21). "UN tells R [329]Palestinians ’may declare state’". BBC. " Serbia to quit interfering in Kosovo". 2008-02-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/ Reuters UK. http://uk.reuters.com/ article/homepageCrisis/

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International recognition of Kosovo

idUKL12922860._CH_.242020080312. [349]IMF recognizes Kosovo, begins to weigh " Retrieved on 2009-04-04. membership". Reuters. 2008-07-15. [340] zortzi, Ellie (2008-02-17). "Serbia T http://www.reuters.com/article/ pledges long-haul fight over Kosovo". newsMaps/idUSN1528175520080715. Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/ Retrieved on 2008-07-15. europeCrisis/idUSL17718644. Retrieved [350]Transcript of a Press Briefing by " on 2008-02-17. Masood Ahmed, Director, External [341] ucheva, Elitsa (2008-02-18). "EU fudges V Relations Department, International Kosovo independence recognition". Monetary Fund". International Monetary EUobserver. http://euobserver.com/9/ Fund. 2008-02-21. http://www.imf.org/ 25684. Retrieved on 2008-09-26. external/np/tr/2008/tr080221.htm. [342]Serbia, Russia fury as Kosovo " Retrieved on 2009-04-09. independence draws near". EurActiv. [351]IMF Offers Membership to Republic of " 2008-02-15. http://www.euractiv.com/en/ Kosovo". International Monetary Fund. enlargement/serbia-russia-fury-kosovo2009-05-08. http://www.imf.org/external/ independence-draws-near/ np/sec/pr/2009/pr09158.htm. Retrieved article-170333. Retrieved on on 2009-05-09. 2008-02-20. [352]Statement by the North Atlantic Council " [343] oldirova, Renata (2008-02-14). "EU G after Kosovo’s declaration of Kosovo mission to start Saturday independence". NATO. 2008-02-18. morning". EUobserver. http://www.nato.int/docu/pr/2008/ http://euobserver.com/9/25660. p08-025e.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-09-26. 2009-04-04. [344]Kacin: We have recognized " [353]Secretary General of the OIC declares " independence". Blic. 2008-05-30. support to the Kosovo Independence". http://www.blic.co.rs/news.php?id=2236. Organisation of the Islamic Conference. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. 2008-02-18. http://www.oic-oci.org/ [345] skanjan, Tatjana (2008-05-28). "Kosovo O topic_detail.asp?t_id=840&x_key=. Delegation Appears In European Retrieved on 2009-04-09. Parliament With "Independent Kosovo" [354]Turkey lobbying for stronger Muslim " Flag". e Yugoslavia. support for Kosovo". Today’s Zaman. http://eyugoslavia.com/kosovo/28/kosovo2008-03-11. delegation-appears-in-europeanhttp://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/ parliament-with-independent-kosovodetaylar.do?load=detay&link=136077&bolum=102. flag-22300/. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. [355]OSCE Chairman, Minorities " [346]EP adopts Kosovo resolution". B92. " Commissioner: Kosovo must remain 2009-02-05. http://www.b92.net/eng/ multi-ethnic". OSCE. 2008-02-19. news/politicshttp://www.osce.org/item/29762.html. article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=02&dd=05&nav_id=56938. on 2009-04-04. Retrieved Retrieved on 2009-02-07. [356]Daily Survey 19.02.2008". Ministry of " [347]The European Parliament urges " Foreign Affairs, Republic of Serbia. recognition of Kosovo by all EU 2008-02-19. http://www.mfa.gov.rs/ members". New Kosova Report. Bilteni/Engleski/b190208_e.html. 2009-02-05. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. http://www.newkosovareport.com/ [357]Russia’s Chechen rebels hail Kosovo " 200902051597/Politics/The-Europeanindependence". Reuters. 2008-02-17. Parliament-urges-recognition-of-Kosovohttp://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/ by-all-EU-members.html. Retrieved on idUSL1838576020080218. Retrieved on 2009-02-07. 2008-02-17. [348]Statement on Membership of the " [358]JKLF to protest outside EU’s Brussels " Republic of Kosovo in the IMF". office". Etala’at News Service. International Monetary Fund. 2008-03-10. http://www.mail2008-07-15. http://www.imf.org/external/ archive.com/sorabia@yahoogroups.com/ np/sec/pr/2008/pr08179.htm. Retrieved msg26628.html. Retrieved on on 2009-03-28. 2009-04-04.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International recognition of Kosovo

[359]Shaikh Aziz vows to continue freedom " nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2008/. struggle; Kashmir Centre stages protest Retrieved on 2008-10-10. demos in Brussels". Kashmir Media [370] ämäläinen, Unto (2008-01-12). "Blessed H Service. 2008-03-11. are the peacemakers: Mediators like [360]Джемілєв: Косово не визнали ті " Ahtisaari are a rare breed". Helsingin країни, у яких є внутрішні проблеми" Sanomat. http://www.hs.fi/english/ (in Ukrainian). NEWSru.ua. 2008-02-22. article/ http://www.newsru.ua/ukraine/ bUPDATED+1210+2008+Blessed+are+the+peacem 22feb2008/djemilev.html. Retrieved on 1135240192358. Retrieved on 2008-06-30. 2008-10-13. [361]Главред — Крымские татары не " [371] "Global troubleshooter Ahtisaari wins ^ последуют примеру Косово Nobel Peace Prize". Agence France Джемилев" (in Russian). Glavred.info. Press. 2008-10-10. http://afp.google.com/ 2008-02-22. http://www.glavred.info/ article/ archive/2008/02/22/170150-18.html. ALeqM5g5l2fRFVwVBwe7Ra-93SzRetrieved on 2008-09-26. pK9xSQ. Retrieved on 2008-10-10. [362]Priznanje Kosova i referendum u RS" (in " [372]Peace Prize for Martti Ahtisaari, a " Serbian). Tanjug. 2008-02-22. lifelong diplomat". Seattle Times. http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/ 2008-10-11. index.php?yyyy=2008&mm=02&dd=22&nav_id=285932. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/ Retrieved on 2008-02-22. nationworld/2008254603_nobel11.html. [363]Free West Papua (UK) message to Sir " Retrieved on 2008-10-11. John Sawers, UK Ambassador to the [373]General Questions". ISO - Maintenance " UN". Free West Papua Campaign (UK). Agency for ISO 1366 country codes. 2008-02-18. http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/ http://www.freewestpapua.org/ iso_3166-faqs/ index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=538&Itemid=2. iso_3166_faqs_general.htm. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2009-04-04. 2009-03-28. [364]Sport in Kosova. The contribution of " [374]Kosovo, Transnistria, Abkhazia Top " sport to the international projection of a Level Domains". DNXpert. 2008-09-04. country" (PDF). http://www.dnxpert.com/2008/09/24/ http://www.sportcountries.org/ kosovo-transnistria-abhkazia-top-levelprimera_conferencia/ponencies/ domains/. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. Kosovasport_eng.pdf. Retrieved on [375] unker, John (2007-07-09). "Of Kosovo Y 2008-03-16. and .ks". Global by Design. [365]IOC to recognize Kosovo". ANSA. " http://www.globalbydesign.com/blog/ 2008-02-17. http://www.24.com/sport/ 2007/07/09/of-kosovo-and-ks/. Retrieved ?p=SportArticle&i=818247. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. on 2008-02-20. [376]Kosovo becomes member of " [366]IOC: Kosovo Olympic Team ’Unlikely’". " International Road Transport Union". Associated Press. 2008-02-18. New Kosova Report. 2009-05-04. http://abcnews.go.com/Sports/ http://www.newkosovareport.com/ wireStory?id=4306795. Retrieved on 200905041731/Business-and-Economy/ 2008-02-20. Kosovo-becomes-member-of[367]Kosova’s Independence Sets " International-Road-TransportPrecedent". UNPO. 2008-02-18. Union.html. Retrieved on 2009-05-04. http://www.unpo.org/content/view/7609/ [377]Accordance with International Law of " 81/. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. the Unilateral Declaration of [368] ouahinga, François (2008-02-26). G Independence by the Provisional "Africa: Kosovo Revives Hopes for Institutions of Self-Government of Secession". allAfrica.com. Kosovo (Request for Advisory Opinion) http://allafrica.com/stories/ Filing of written statements and of a 200802260108.html. Retrieved on written contribution". International 2009-04-04. Court of Justice. 2009-04-21. [369]The Nobel Peace Prize 2008". Nobel " http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/141/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ 15125.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-04-23.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[378] etails emerge of ICJ statements "Details D emerge of ICJ statements". B92. 2009-05-17. http://www.b92.net/eng/ news/politics-

International recognition of Kosovo

article.php?yyyy=2009&mm=05&dd=17&nav_id=59 Details emerge of ICJ statements. Retrieved on 2009-05-19.

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