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Oldsmobile

Oldsmobile
Oldsmobile

Fate Founded Defunct Headquarters Key people Industry Products

Dissolved August 21, 1897 April 29, 2004 Lansing, Michigan, United States Ransom E. Olds, founder Automotive Luxury vehicles Mainstream vehicles, Muscle Cars General Motors

Parent

Oldsmobile was a brand of automobile produced for most of its existence by General Motors. It was founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. In its 107-year history, it produced 35.2 million cars, including at least 14 million built at its Lansing, Michigan factory. When it was phased out, Oldsmobile was the oldest surviving American automobile marque, and one of the oldest in the world, after Daimler and Peugeot. It is GM’s first brand to be phased out in the 2000s, since the phaseout of the Geo and Asuna (which was sold only in Canada) in the 1990s.

Setting the Pace painted in 1909 by William Hardner Foster depicts the race between an Oldsmobile Limited and the 20th Century Limited

History
Early history
Ransom Eli Olds Oldsmobiles were first manufactured by the Olds Motor Works in Lansing, Michigan, a company founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. In 1901, the company produced 425 cars, making it the first high-volume automobile manufacturer of the day. Olds became the 1904 Olds Model 6C Curved-Dash-Olds top selling car company in the United States for a few years. Ransom Olds left the company in financial difficulties and formed the REO Motor Car Company. The last Curved

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Oldsmobile
later, it was apparently the reputation of the vehicles that spawned a revival of the song for another round of popularity, essentially "returning the favor." The 1910 Limited Touring was a high point for the company. Riding atop 42-inch wheels, and equipped with factory "white" tires, the Limited was the prestige model in Oldsmobile’s two model lineup. The Limited retailed for US$4,600, an amount greater than the purchase of a new, no-frills three bedroom house. Buyers received goatskin upholstery, a 60 hp (45 kW) 707 CID (11.6 L) straight-6 engine, Bosch Magneto starter, running boards and room for five. Options included a speedometer, clock, and a full glass windshield. A limousine version was priced at $5,800. While Oldsmobile only sold 725 Limiteds in its three years of production, the car is best remembered for winning a race against the famed 20th Century Limited train, an event immortalized in the painting "Setting the Pace" by William Hardner Foster.

1934 Oldsmobile 8 Convertible Coupe

1930s
1957 Oldsmobile Super 88 Dash Olds was made in 1907. General Motors purchased the company in 1908. The 1901 to 1904 Curved Dash was the first mass-produced car, made from the first automotive assembly line, an invention that is often miscredited to Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company. After Olds sold the company in 1899, it was renamed Olds Motor Works and moved to a new plant in Detroit. By March 1901, the company had a whole line of models ready for mass production. Unfortunately, a mistake by a worker caused the factory to catch fire, and it burned to the ground, with all of the prototypes destroyed. The only car that survived the fire was a Curved Dash prototype, which was wheeled out of the factory by two workers while escaping the fire. A new factory was built, and production of the Curved Dash commenced. Officially, the cars were called "Olds automobiles," colloquially referred to as "Oldsmobiles." It was this moniker, as applied especially to the Curved Dash Olds, that was popularized in the lyrics and title of the 1905 hit song "In My Merry Oldsmobile." From then on, the company and its products were known as Oldsmobile. Some two decades In the 1930s through the 1990s, Oldsmobile used a two digit model designation. As originally implemented, the first digit signified the body size while the second represents the number of cylinders. Body sizes were 6, 7, 8, and 9, and 6- and 8-cylinder engines were offered. Thus, Oldsmobiles were named 66 through 98. In 1937, Oldsmobile was a pioneer in introducing a four-speed semi-automatic transmission called the "Automatic Safety Transmission", although this accessory was actually built by Buick, which would offer it in its own cars in 1938. This transmission featured a conventional clutch pedal, which the driver pressed before selecting either "low" or "high" range. In "low", the car shifted between first and second gears. In "high", the car shifted between first, third and fourth gears.

1940s
For the 1940 model, Oldsmobile was the first auto manufacturer to offer a fully automatic transmission, called the Hydramatic, which featured four forward speeds. The last pre-war Oldsmobile rolled off the assembly line on February 5, 1942. During World War II, Oldsmobile produced

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numerous kinds of material for the war effort, including large-caliber guns and shells. Production resumed on October 15, 1945 with a warmed-over 1942 model serving as the offering for 1946. Oldsmobile once again was a pioneer when, for the 1949 model, they introduced their Rocket engine, which used an overhead valve V8 design rather than the flathead "straight-8" design which prevailed at the time. This engine produced far more power than the engines that were popular during that era, and found favor with hot-rodders and stock car racers. The basic design, with few minor changes, endured until Oldsmobile redesigned their V8 engines in the mid-1960s

Oldsmobile
In the 1950s the nomenclature changed again, and trim levels also received names that were then mated with the model numbers. This resulted in the Oldsmobile 88 emerging as base Dynamic 88 and the highline Super 88. Other full-size model names included the "Holiday" used on hardtops, and "Fiesta" used on its station wagons. When the 88 was retired in 1999 (with a Fiftieth Anniversary Edition), its length of service was the longest model name used on American cars after the Chrysler New Yorker. GM styling as a whole lost its frontrunner status in 1957 when Chrysler introduced Virgil Exner’s "Forward Look" designs. When compared side to side, Oldsmobile looked dated next to its price-point competitor DeSoto. Compounding the problem for Oldsmobile and Buick was a styling mistake which GM called the "Strato Roof". Both makes had models which contained the heavily framed rear window, but Detroit had been working with large curved backlights for almost a decade. Consumers disliked the roof and its blind spots, forcing GM to rush a redesign into production on some of its models.

1950s
Oldsmobile entered the 1950s following a divisional image campaign centered on its ’Rocket’ engines and its cars’ appearance followed suit. Oldsmobile’s Rocket V8 engine was the leader in performance, generally considered the fastest cars on the market and by the mid 1950s their styling was among the first to offer a wide, "open maw" grille, suggestive of jet propulsion. Oldsmobile adopted a ringed-globe emblem to stress what marketers felt was its universal appeal. Throughout the 1950s, the make used twin jet pod-styled taillights as a nod to its "Rocket" theme. Oldsmobile was among the first of GM’s divisions to receive a true hardtop in 1949, and it was also the among the first divisions (along with Buick and Cadillac) to receive a wraparound windshield, a trend that eventually all American makes would share at sometime between 1953 and 1964.

1958 Oldsmobile Super 88 Oldsmobile’s only off year in the 1950s was 1958. The nation was beginning to feel the results of its first significant post war recession, and US automobile sales were down for the model year. Oldsmobile, Buick and Cadillac received a heavy handed makeover of the 1957 GM designs. The Oldsmobile that emerged in 1958 bore little resemblance to the design of its forerunners; instead the car emerged as a large, over-decorated "chromemobile". Up front, all 1958 Oldsmobiles received one of GM’s heavily styled front fascias and quad-headlights. Streaking back from the

1953 Oldsmobile Advertisement

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edge of the headlights was a broad belt consisting of two strips of chrome on regular 88s, three strips on Super 88s, and three strips (top and bottom thin, inside thick) on 98s that ended in a point at mid-body. The bottom of the rear fender featured a thick stamping of a half tube that pointed forward, atop which was a chrome assembly of four horizontal chrome speed-lines that terminated into a vertical bar. The tail of the car featured massive vertical chrome taillight housings. Two chrome stars were fitted to the trunklid. Ford styling consultant Alex Tremulis (designer of the 1948 Tucker Sedan) mocked the 1958 Oldsmobile by drawing cartoons of the car, and placing musical notes in the rear trim assembly. Another Detroit stylist employed by Ford bought a used 1958 Oldsmobile in the early 1960s, driving it daily to work. He detached and rearranged the OLDSMOBILE lettering above the grille to spell out SLOBMODEL as a reminder to himself and co-workers of what "bad" auto design meant to their business.

Oldsmobile
(1967-1968) on its least expensive full size models in the 1960s. Notable models for the 1960s: • Oldsmobile 442 - began as a 1964 muscle car option package (4-barrel carburetor, 4-speed manual transmission, 2 exhausts) on the F-85/Cutlass. In 1965, to better compete with the Pontiac GTO, the original 330 CID V8 rated at 310 hp (231 kW) was replaced by a new 400 CID V8 rated at 345 hp (257 kW). The 442 definition was changed to "4" hundred CID V8 engine, "4"-barrel carburetor, and "2" exhaust pipes, and was named by "Car Craft Nationals" as the "Top Car of 1965." In 1968 the 442 became its own model and got a larger 455 CID (7.5 L) V8 engine in 1970. • Oldsmobile Cutlass (1961 - 1999) - midsize car. Oldsmobile’s best seller in the 1970s and 1980s, and in some of those years America’s best selling car. In 1966 a top-line Cutlass Supreme was introduced as a four-door hardtop sedan with a more powerful 320 hp (239 kW) 330 CID Jetfire Rocket V8 than the regular F-85/Cutlass models, a more luxurious interior and other trimmings. In 1967 the Cutlass Supreme was expanded to a full series also including two-door hardtop and pillared coupes, a convertible and a fourdoor pillared sedan. Also came with a 7.0L 425 CID engine as an option in 1966-1967 • Oldsmobile F-85 (1961-1972) - compact sedan, coupe and station wagon powered by a 215 CID aluminum block V8 engine from 1961 to 1963. In 1964 the F-85 was upgraded to an intermediate sized car and the aluminum V8 was replaced by conventional cast iron six-cylinder and V8 engines. The Cutlass was initially the top model of the F-85 line but became a separate model by 1964 with the F-85 nameplate continued only on the lowest priced models through the 1972 model year, after which all Oldsmobile intermediates were Cutlasses. • Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser (1964-1977) - a stretched wheelbase Cutlass station wagon, which was stretched to 120" from 115" in the 1964-67 models and to 121" from 116" in the 1968-72 models, the stretched area being in the second-row seating area. This car featured an elevated roof over the rear seat and cargo area and glass skylights over the rear seating area,

1960s

Oldsmobile Headquarters (1966) - Building 70 In the 1960s Oldsmobile’s position between Pontiac and Buick in GM’s hierarchy began to dissolve. Notable achievements included the introduction of the first turbocharged engine in 1962 (the Turbo Jetfire), the first modern front-wheel drive car produced in the United States (the 1966 Toronado), the Vista Cruiser station wagon (noted for its roof glass), and the upscale 442 muscle car. Olds briefly used the names Jetstar 88 (1964-1966) and Delmont 88

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which consisted of a transverse skylight over the second seat (two-piece from 1964-67, one-piece from 1968-72) and small longitudinal skylights directly over the rear cargo-area windows, and also featured standard second-row sunvisors. The three-seat models featured forwardfacing seating, at a time when most threeseat station wagons had the third row of seats facing the rear. From 1965 - 1970, it would be Oldsmobile’s flagship station wagon, as no full-sized wagons were produced. The third-generation 1973-77 models no longer had skylights other than an optional front-row pop-up sunroof. This car was merely an up-line trim package on the Cutlass Supreme wagon and carried the Vista Cruiser nameplate rather than the Cutlass nameplate. The optional third seat was rear-facing in the thirdgeneration Vista Cruiser. • Oldsmobile Starfire (1961-1966) - a sporty and luxurious hardtop coupe and convertible based on the 88. The Starfire featured interiors with leather bucket seats and a center console with floor shifter, along with a standard Hydra-Matic transmission, power steering and brakes (and power windows and seats on convertibles). It was powered by Oldsmobile’s most powerful Rocket V8 engine, a 394 CID engine from 1961 to 1964 rated from 330 to 345 hp (257 kW), and a larger 425 CID Super Rocket V8 from 1965 to 1966, rated at 375 hp (280 kW). • Oldsmobile Jetstar I (1964-1966) - Life for the somewhat obscure Jetstar I started in 1964. It was designed to be a low cost option to the successful full size Starfire series - more of a direct competitor to the Pontiac Grand Prix. Standard equipment included the 345 hp (257 kW) 394ci Starfire engine, vinyl bucket seats and console. Keeping the “sport” part of the Starfire, it possessed less of the luxury and glitz. It weighed in at 4028 pounds, and 16,084 were produced for 1964. It was a Starfire without the frills and was informally dubbed “the poor man’s Starfire”. Proving to be an ill-fated model, 1965 concluded the 2 year run for the Jetstar I. Only 6,552 were sold. The introduction of the Pontiac GTO and Olds 4-4-2 in 1964 insured the future of the musclecars were the intermediates, and

Oldsmobile
the front-drive Toronado loomed big in Oldsmobile’s future taking over the flagship status from the Starfire. Further confused with its less brethren with the Jetstar 88 nameplate, there was no way but out for the Jetstar I. And close examination of prices revealed that unless one bought a sparsely optioned JS1, there was little financial incentive to buy a JS1 over the Starfire. Take the $3602 base price and add the $107.50 power steering, the $43.00 power brakes, and the $242.10 automatic transmission (all standard on the Starfire), and you had a $4,000 Jetstar I. And less than $150 more would buy you the $4148 based priced Starfire, which not only included those standard features but a more luxurious leather interior. But lost the mix was a jewel of a high performance car in the ’65 Jetstar I. Trimmed down to 3963#, the ’65 model was an overlooked performance car. The new 370 hp (276 kW) 425ci Starfire engine delivered 470 lb·ft (637 N·m) of torque, was durable, and was quite an improvement over the ’64 394. How serious was that horsepower and torque in ’65? If you wanted this much power in a Pontiac, it was only available in the top-ofthe-line 421 HO Tri-Power engine that was not standard in any Pontiac model, but an extra-cost option. The new Oldsmobile Turbo Hydra-Matic transmission was a vast performance improvement over the previous “slim-jim” Hydra-Matic transmission. But best of all, Olds offered the Muncie 4-speed with Hurst shifter in ’65. Oldsmobile boasted in a 1965 press release that “a Jetstar I proved to be the top accelerator of the entire event” at the 1965 Pure Oil Performance Trials in Daytona beach. Those trials were sanctioned and supervised by NASCAR. Note: between 1964 and 1966, Oldsmobile named its least expensive full size model the Oldsmobile Jetstar 88 which the Jetstar I was not related to, and priced $500–$600 below the Jetstar I. • Oldsmobile Toronado (1966-1992) - a front-wheel drive coupe in the personal luxury car category, introduced in 1966. At the time, the largest and most powerful front wheel drive car ever produced, and one of the first modern front wheel drive cars equipped with an automatic transmission. The original Toronado was

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powered by a 425 CID Super Rocket V8 engine rated at 385 hp (287 kW), mated to a three speed Turbo Hydra-Matic transmission. The Toronado was Motor Trend magazine’s 1966 "Car of the Year."

Oldsmobile
Oldsmobile V8, and as a result Oldsmobile quietly began equipping some full size Delta 88 models and the very popular Cutlass/Cutlass Supreme with the Chevrolet 350 engine instead. Although it was widely debated whether there was a difference in quality or performance between the two engines, there was no question that the engines were different from one another. Many customers were loyal Oldsmobile buyers who specifically wanted the Rocket V8, and did not discover that their vehicle had the Chevrolet engine until they performed maintenance and discovered that purchased parts did not fit. This became a public relations nightmare for GM. Following this debacle, disclaimers stating that "Oldsmobiles are equipped with engines produced by various GM divisions" were tacked on to advertisements and sales literature; all other GM divisions followed suit. In addition, GM quickly stopped associating engines with particular divisions, and to this day all GM engines are produced by "GM Powertrain" (GMPT) and are called GM "Corporate" engines instead of GM "Division" engines. Although it was the popularity of the Oldsmobile division vehicles that prompted this change, declining sales of V8 engines would have made this change inevitable as all but the Chevrolet (and, later, Cadillac’s Northstar) versions were eventually dropped.

1970s-1980s

1977 Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme Sedan

In 1985, Oldsmobile downsized the NinetyEight for the second time in a decade. Oldsmobile sales soared in the 1970s and 1980s (for an all-time high of 1,066,122 in 1985) based on popular designs, positive reviews from critics and the perceived quality and reliability of the Rocket V8 engine, with the Cutlass series becoming North America’s top selling car by 1976. By this time, Olds had displaced Pontiac and Plymouth as the #3 best selling brand in the U.S. behind Chevrolet and Ford. In the early 1980s, model-year production topped one million units on several occasions, something only Chevrolet and Ford had achieved. The soaring popularity of Oldsmobile vehicles resulted in a major issue in the late 1970s. At that time, each General Motors division produced its own V8 engines, and in 1977, Oldsmobile, Chevrolet, Pontiac and Buick each produced a unique 350 cubic inch displacement V8. It was during the 1977 model year that demand exceeded production capacity for the

1987 Oldsmobile 88 Notable models: • Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1967-1997) - more performance and luxury than the lower priced Cutlass and Cutlass S models, fitting in at the lower end of the personal luxury car market. Models were similar to the Pontiac Grand Prix, Chevrolet Monte Carlo, and Buick Regal.

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• Oldsmobile 98 - Oldsmobile full-sized luxury sedan that was downsized in 1977 and 1985, became front wheel drive in 1985 • Oldsmobile Toronado (1966-1992) personal luxury coupe, major redesign downsized the car in 1986, Motor Trend Car of the Year in ’66 • Oldsmobile Omega (1973-1984) - compact car based on the Chevrolet Nova and later the Chevrolet Citation. • Oldsmobile Calais (or Cutlass Calais) (1985-1991) - popular compact coupe or sedan on GM’s "N-body" platform, similar to the Pontiac Grand Am. The series’ name was taken from what was formerly the high-end option package for Cutlass Supreme models. • Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera (1982-1996) popular selling upscale mid-sized car based on GM’s A platform. During its run, the Cutlass Ciera was Oldsmobile’s bestselling model. It consistently ranked among the highest rated vehicles by J.D. Power and Associates; it was ranked the "Best in Price Class" on July 30, 1992 and the "Top-Ranked American-Made Car" on May 28, 1992. It was also named "Safe Car of the Year" by Prevention Magazine on March 6, 1992. • Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser (1971-1992) full-size station wagon. • Oldsmobile Starfire (1975-1980) - Sporty subcompact, hatchback coupe similar to the Chevrolet Monza, which was itself, based on the Chevrolet Vega. • Oldsmobile Firenza (1982-1988) - compact sedan, hatchback, coupe, and station wagon based on GM’s J-body, sharing the same bodyshell with the Chevrolet Cavalier, Pontiac Sunbird, Buick Skyhawk, and Cadillac Cimarron.

Oldsmobile

1994 Oldsmobile Eighty-Eight Royale technology, with Oldsmobile offering the Toronado Trofeo, which included a visual instrument system with a calendar, datebook, and climate controls. For 1995, Oldsmobile introduced the Aurora, which would be the inspiration for the design of its cars from the mid-1990s onward. The introduction of the Aurora marked as GM’s catalyst to reposition Oldsmobile as an upscale import fighter. Accordingly, Oldsmobile received a new logo based on the familiar "rocket" theme. Nearly all the existing model names were gradually phased out: the Cutlass Calais in 1991, the Toronado and Custom Cruiser in 1992, the Ninety-Eight and Ciera (formerly Cutlass Ciera) in 1996, Cutlass Supreme in 1997, and finally the Eighty-Eight and Cutlass (which had only been around since ’97) in 1999. They were replaced with newer, more modern models with designs inspired by the Aurora.

1990s
After the tremendous success of the early 1980s, things changed quickly for Oldsmobile, and by 1990 the brand had lost its place in the market, squeezed between the resurgent Pontiac and Buick divisions. Oldsmobile’s signature cars gave way to rebadged models of other GM cars, and GM shifted the performance mantle to Chevrolet and Pontiac. GM continued to use Oldsmobile sporadically to showcase futuristic designs and as a "guinea pig" for testing new

First Generation Oldsmobile Aurora Redesigned & new models introduced from 1990–2004: • Oldsmobile Achieva (1992-1998) - compact sedan & coupe

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• Oldsmobile Alero (1999-2004) - compact sport sedan & coupe • Oldsmobile Aurora (1995-2003) - full-size luxury/performance sedan (redesigned for 2001) • Oldsmobile Bravada (1991-2004) - midsize premium SUV (redesigned for 1996 and 2002) • Oldsmobile Cutlass (1997-1999) - mid-size sedan • Oldsmobile Eighty Eight (1949-1999) full-size premium sedan (redesigned for 1992) • Oldsmobile Intrigue (1998-2002) - mid-size luxury/sport sedan • Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight (1941-1996) full-size luxury sedan (redesigned for 1991) • Oldsmobile Silhouette (1990-2004) premium minivan (redesigned for 1997)

Oldsmobile
• June 2002: Production ends for and the Aurora V6 sedans • May 2003: sedan production ends • January 2004: SUV production ends • March 2004: minivan production ends • April 2004: compact car production ends The final 500 Aleros, Auroras, Bravadas, Silhouettes and Intrigues produced received special Oldsmobile heritage emblems and markings which signified ’Final 500’. All featured a unique Dark Cherry Metallic paint scheme. Auroras and Intrigues would be accompanied by special Final 500 literature. The final production day for Oldsmobile was April 29, 2004. The division’s last car built was an Alero GLS 4-door sedan, which was signed by all of the Olds assembly line workers. It is on display at the R.E. Olds Transportation Museum located in Lansing, Michigan.

2000s

Oldsmobile models

2002 Oldsmobile Alero In spite of Oldsmobile’s critical successes since the mid-1990s, a reported shortfall in sales and overall profitability prompted General Motors to announce in December 2000 their plans to phase out the Oldsmobile brand. The announcement took place just two days after Oldsmobile unveiled what would be its last new model ever, the Bravada SUV which became, somewhat ironically, another critical hit for the division. Although the Oldsmobile Bravada was a rebadged Chevrolet Trailblazer or GMC Envoy, it was the only model in this line up to offer AWD (all wheel drive) system. The phaseout was conducted on the following schedule: • Mid-2001: The 2002 , the company’s last new model, hits Oldsmobile showrooms

Late 1970s to early 1990s logo. • • • • • • • • • • • • Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Curved Dash (1901-1907) Limited Touring 40 53 66 (1940s) 88 (1949-1999) 98 (1941-1996) Series 60 (1939-1948) Series 70 (1946-1950) Series 90 (1941-1996) 442 (1968-1971) Cutlass (1964-1999)

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• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1970-1997) Cutlass Salon Cutlass Calais (1985-1991) Cutlass Ciera (1982-1996) Custom Cruiser (1971-1992) Vista Cruiser (1964-1977) F-85 (1961-1963) Toronado (1966-1992) Starfire (1975-1980) Firenza (1982-1988) Aerotech (1987-1992) Achieva (1992-1998) Alero (1999-2004) Aurora (1995-2003) Bravada (1991-2004) Intrigue (1998-2002) Silhouette (1990-2004)

Oldsmobile
The strong public relations efforts by GM in the 1950s was epitomized in the Motorama auto show. The impact of that traveling show, was literally a "one company", auto-show extravaganza. Millions of Americans attended, in a spirit not unlike a "mini-World’s Fair". Every GM division had a "Dream Car". Oldsmobile’s dream/concept car was called "The Golden Rocket".

Marketing themes
1970 Oldsmobile 442 The Dr. Oldsmobile theme was one of Oldsmobile’s most successful marketing campaign’s in the early ’70s, it involved fictional characters created to promote the wildly popular 442 muscle car. ’Dr. Oldsmobile’ was a tall lean professor type who wore a white lab coat. His assistants included ’Elephant Engine Ernie’ who represented the big block 455 Rocket engine. ’Shifty Sidney’ was a character who could be seen swiftly shifting his hand using a Hurst shifter. ’Wind Tunnel Waldo’ had slicked back hair that appeared to be constantly wind blown. He represented Oldsmobile’s wind tunnel testing, that produced some of the sleekest designs of the day. Another character included ’Hy Spy’ who had his ear to the ground as he checked out the competition. In the 1970s, the mid-size Oldsmobile Cutlass was the division’s best-selling model, and for several years in the late 1970s and early 1980s, it was the best-selling car in America. But the sales of the Cutlass and other Oldsmobile models fell beginning in the 1990s. The brand was hurt by its image as old and stuffy, and this perception continued despite a public relations campaign in the late 1980s that proclaimed this was "not your father’s Oldsmobile." Ironically, many fans of the brand say that the declining sales were in fact caused by the "this is not your father’s

A 1905 advertisement for Oldsmobile. Early on in their history, Olds enjoyed a healthy public relations boost from the 1905 hit song " In My Merry Oldsmobile". The well known song was updated in the fifties to sing about "The Rocket 88".

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Oldsmobile" campaign", as the largest market for Oldsmobiles was the population whose parents had in fact owned Oldsmobiles.[1]

Oldsmobile
• Gunnell, John, Editor (1987). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946-1975. Kraus Publications. ISBN 0-87341-096-3. • John Lawler, author. Collectible Automobile Magazine. February, 1994, pp.22–37.

See also
• List of automobile manufacturers • Oldsmobile V8 engine • Irving Jacob Reuter

Further reading
• Dead at 106: Oldsmobile, published in April 2004

Notes and references
[1] In the ’90s, General Motors hired a slew of marketers from outside the auto industry -- gurus of selling soap, toothpaste, disposable diapers and the like. But given the blunders behind Oldsmobile’s failure, perhaps GM should have taken its marketing lessons from radio instead! WINTER, 2001, RESEARCH INSIGHTS • Kimes, Beverly R., Editor. Clark, Henry A. (1996). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1945. Kraus Publications. ISBN 0-87341-428-4.

External links
• oldsmobile.com Oldsmobile’s old web site, now a GM-run Olds heritage site • oldsmobile.com Oldsmobile’s website of 2004: The last year of production • Encyclopedia of Oldsmobile • Oldsmobile at the Open Directory Project • Oldsmobile Club of America • Outright Oldsmobile Photo archive, history, concepts, vintage ads, videos and owners registry. • Oldsmobile Wiki An Oldsmobile Wiki

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oldsmobile" Categories: Motor vehicle manufacturers of the United States, Defunct motor vehicle manufacturers of the United States, Companies established in 1897, 2004 disestablishments, General Motors, Companies based in Lansing, Michigan, Oldsmobile, Motor vehicle manufacturers based in Michigan, Car manufacturers, Defunct brands, General Motors marques This page was last modified on 20 May 2009, at 16:36 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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