Free Powerpoint Cute Design Template - PowerPoint by xjt15346

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									                    Poster Presentations

                                 Basics




1   Poster Presentation Basics
          What do ACES judges look for in a
                poster presentation?
    See handout for detail
     Accessible to educated general audience?     Content

     Central issue clearly identified?
     Organization of poster?
     Evidence supports main claims?
     Are conclusions well-drawn?                 Design and
                                                 presentation
     Space on poster used effectively?
     Clear and error free text?
     Talking—clear and confident?
     Overall evaluation


2   Poster Presentation Basics
    Poster presentations involve two things

     Creating the poster
     The oral presentation you do standing by your poster




3   Poster Presentation Basics
    Effective posters
     A poster should convey the basic, most crucial points of your
      work to an observer who is only going to spend a few
      minutes studying it. Ask yourself “what do I want a reader to
      know when they leave my poster?”
     A poster should be an integrated, visual object that directs
      and guides a reader’s attention.
     The less work an observer has to do to understand what you
      want to convey the better.




4   Poster Presentation Basics
    An effective poster
     Describes just the key points needed for understanding
     Is designed to guide a reader to conclusions, minimizing
      distracting details
     Is not full of typed text.


       An effective poster is testimony to your ability to resist
       temptation! You must suppress the urge to add just a little
       more detail. A poster does not include anywhere near the
       amount of detail as a manuscript or journal-style paper.
                     BE STRONG AND RUTHLESS

5   Poster Presentation Basics
    A poster communicates visually
    A poster should be designed to make your point as visually as possible
     Photographs
     Illustrations
     Graphs
     Tables


    Text should support, explain and highlight information provided in
      your visuals.




6   Poster Presentation Basics
                                 Being Visual
    Poster visuals should
     Convey the point to the reader easily
     Be conceptually simple
     Generally not 3-D (hard to read)
    Visually emphasize key text or findings
     Accent with bullet points
     Mark with splash graphics
                                                Splash graphics, shading
                                                  call attention to key
                                                    points or findings




7   Poster Presentation Basics
    Presenting a Poster
     Prepare a 3-5 minute verbal overview of your poster.
     It should be comprehensible to someone who is not
      knowledgeable about your type of work.
     Stick to the point. Avoid discussion of small details or
      tangential information.

     Practice giving the overview!
     Have friends and advisor listen to and critique it.




8   Poster Presentation Basics
    Your verbal overview should contain key ideas that
    make your work significant
     contain a clear statement of your hypothesis or question and
      the critical reason(s)/justification(s) for investigating it
     mention key methods—those critical for understanding
      significance of your data
     highlight key data and findings and your conclusions.




9   Poster Presentation Basics
     Presenting your poster
      Dress appropriately
      Behave as you would if you were interviewing for a job.
      Don’t be shy. If someone stops to look at you poster,
       introduce yourself and ask if he or she would like you to
       summarize your work.
      DO NOT READ YOUR POSTER TO YOUR VISITOR!!




10   Poster Presentation Basics
     Elements of a Poster
      Title and affiliation information
      Abstract
      Introduction
      Methods and materials
      Results
      Summary (Discussion or Conclusions)
      Citations
      Acknowledgements (optional)
      Further information (optional)


11   Poster Presentation Basics
This is a Microsoft PowerPoint
template that has column widths
and font sizes optimized for
printing a 36 x 56‖ (length x
width) poster that I’ve adapted
from Purrington, CB 2006
www.swathmore.edu/NatSci/cp
urrin1/posteradvice.htm so that
it meets ACES requirements.—
                                                                                                            Title that hints at the underlying issue or question
just replace the ―tips‖ and ―blah,        Maintain a good amount of space between your                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Format in “sentence
blah, blah‖ repeat motifs with            columns. Although you could squeeze them                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         case.” This means only the
actual content, if you have it.           right up against each other, the poster’s                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ―t‖ in ―title‖ gets capitalized.
Use a non-serif font for your title       aesthetics would suffer. So when your mentor
and section headings.                     says to do it, just nod your head as if you’re
                                          listening.

                                                                                              Author Name, Author Name, Author Name, etc., Faculty Member Name, Advisor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Make sure the edges of your columns are aligned with


This is a header. If
                                                                                                          Department of X, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019                                                                                                                                   adjacent columns. Display gridlines on screen found in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          View. Don’t trust your eyes: select the columns, then
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ―Align‖ with the proper tool found under Draw –Align-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Distribute.
you make the font size
large, and then add
bolding…there is no
need to also apply
underlining or
italicization. Adding
multiple kinds of styles,                                                                                                                                                                  Orient your label horizontally
needlessly, just marks
you as a poster novice.
                                                           Abstract                                                 Results                                                                if at all possible. Graphs are
                                                                                                                                                                                           much easier to read when                          Rats with brains navigated mazes                                       Summary and conclusions
Adjust color as you see
fit.                                  This is a brief summary of the key elements of                                The overall layout for this section should be modified from            this is done.                                     faster                                                                 This section should be written with extreme care to assure
                                      the poster. It should provide a brief rationale for                           this template to best show off your graphs and other result-                                                                Brainectomized                                                      that the main points made by your poster are summarized
                                      the work, and a brief description of findings                                 related illustrations. You might want a single, large column                                                                                                                                    concisely. Again, people often read this section and the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Time (s)
The first sentence of
                                      and conclusions. Write this carefully so the                                  to accommodate a big map, or perhaps you could arrange 6                                                                                                                                        Abstract to decide whether they want to spend more time
the first paragraph
does not need to be
                                      main point of your presentation is clear.                                     figures in a circle in the center of the poster: do whatever it
indented. The next
paragraphs in the                     Viewers often just read the Abstract and the                                  takes to make your results graphically clear. Be sure to                                                                                          Control (brain intact)

section should be
                                      Conclusion to get a sense of whether they want                                make your graphs and tables big enough to read from 4-6                                                                                                                                         with your poster.          Conclusions should not be mere
indented.
                                      to spend more time with your poster                                           feet away.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Maze difficulty index
                                                                                                                        Paragraph format is fine, but sometimes a simple list of                                                                                                                                    reminders of your results. Instead, you want to guide the
                                                                                                                    “bullet” points can communicate results more effectively:                                                                                                                                       reader through what you have concluded from the results.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Figure 4. Avoid keys that force readers to labor through                                        What is the broader significance? Would anyone be mildly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    complicated graphs: just label all the lines (or bars) and then
                                                                                                                             • Rats treated with …. committed fewer errors than                                     delete the silly key altogether (as above). The above figure would                              surprised? Why should anyone care? This section should
                         Introduction                                                                                          untreated controls (Fig. 3a) (t= 12.36, df = 21, p                                   also be greatly improved if I had the ability to draw mini rats with                            restate the reasons, issues that motivated your study that
                         Be brief. State your major idea, hypothesis or claim clearly                                                                                                                               and without brains. I would then put these really cute little                                   you described in your Introduction.. A good conclusion will
                                                                                                                               < .01)                                                                               illustrations next to the lines they represent.
                         with as little qualification as possible.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  always refer to the literature on the topic -- how does your
                                                                                                                             • Control rats completed maze faster, on average,
                            Provide the minimum of background information needed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    research add to what is already published on the topic?
                                                                                                                               than rats treated with …(Fig. 3b) (t = 9.84, df =
                         by a reader to understand why you did what you did. It is                                             21, p = 0.032)
                         tempting to put too much in this section. Just provide the                                          • Tested one month after initial training, rats                                                                            Be sure to separate
                         main points that were background/reason/motivation for the                                            previously treated with …. retained the learned                                      figures from other figures by generous use of white space.
                         undertaking the work. These points should set the stage for                                           solution to the maze better than controls (Fig. 3c)                                  When figures are too cramped, viewers get confused about
                         the reader to understand the approach you took and the                                                (t = whatever)                                                                       which figures to read first and which legend goes with
                         significance of your findings. State your central claim, main                                                                                                                              which figure.
                         point clearly and with as little qualification as you can. A                                                                                                                                                                   Figures are preferred
                         clear statement of your hypothesis should be found here.                                   (a)                         (b)                     (c)                                         but tables are sometimes unavoidable. A table looks best                                                                                                                          Citation styles vary across
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      disciplines so follow the
                                                              Figure 1. Photograph or drawing of                                                                                                                    when it is first composed within Microsoft Word, then                                                                                                                             citation conventions of your
                                                              organism, chemical structure, or whatever.            Keep graphs as              Keep graphs as          Keep graphs                                 “Inserted” as an “Object.” If you can add small drawings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      discipline exactly.

                                                              Don’t use graphics from the web (they look            simple as                   simple as               as simple as
                                                              terrible when printed).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    or icons to your tables, do so!
                                                                                                                    possible.                   possible. Avoid         possible.
                                                                                                                    Avoid 3-D                   3-D images if           Avoid 3-D
                                                                                                                    images if                   possible                images if
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Literature cited
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    If you type your references in this box, they will be automatically
                                                                                                                    possible                                            possible                                                                                                                                         formatted for proper spacing along the left margin. If you don’t know
                         Materials and methods                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the format for citing the relevant work, find a style guide or look at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         the format of references in a major journal in your field.
                         Be brief, and opt for photographs or drawings whenever
                         possible to illustrate organism, protocol, or experimental                               Figure 3. Make sure legends have enough detail to explain to the
                         design. People commonly put too much information in this                                 viewer what the results are, but don’t go on and on. You can put
                         section and no one reads it. I find it useful to think of this as                        explanatory text, add arrows, circles, etc., directly on your graph to
                                                                                                                  guide a reader’s attention and understanding of crucial ―take home‖
                         a summary of materials and methods used in the work that
                                                                                                                  points. Note that for posters it is good to put some ―Materials and
                         only mentions the most important details. Other details can                              methods‖ information within the figure legends or onto the figures
                         be snuck into Figure captions—which is useful to do if the                               themselves—it allows the M&m section to be shorter, and gives
                         data take on their significance because of a particular                                  viewer a sense of the experiment(s) even if they have skipped                                                                                                                                                                                                       Abutting these last sections can save you a
                                                                                                                  directly to figures. Don’t be tempted to reduce font size in figure                                                                                                                                                                                                 little space, and subtly indicates to viewers that
                         methodological point—or explained if the reader wants
                                                      I sure
                                                       wish                                                       legends, axes labels, etc.—your viewers are probably most                                                                                                                                         Acknowledgments                                                   the contents are not as important to read.
                         more information.              I’d
                                                      prese                                                       interested in reading your figures and legends! Panel (a) shows                                                                                                                                   We thank X for technical support, note that people’s titles are omitted.
                                                               nted
                                                                                                                  rats previously treated with drug x for six consecutive days learned                                                                                                         Put a figure here
                                                                my                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Funding for this project was provided by .........
                                                              theor
                                                                 y                                                the maze more quickly than controls; Panel (b) shows treated rats                                                                                                             that explores a
                                                               with
                                                                 a
                                                                                           Note unhappy           ran more slowly. Finally, Panel (c) shows the drug treatment                                                                                                                 statistical result
                                                              poste
                                                                 r
                                                                                            expression            improved long-term retention of the maze task.
                                                              befor
                                                                eI
                                                              wrote
                                                                my
                                                              book.                                                                                                                                                                    This is the gene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of interest!




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Figure 5. You can use connector lines and arrows to visually guide                              For further information
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    viewers through your results. Adding emphasis this way is much,                                 Please contact email@blahcollege.edu. More information on this and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    much better than making the point with words in the text section.                               related projects can be obtained at (give the URL for general laboratory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    These lines can help viewers read your poster even when you’re not                              web site). A link to an online, PDF-version of the poster is nice, too.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    present.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    If you just must include a pretentious logo,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    hide it down here.
                            Figure 2. Illustration of important piece of equipment, or
                            perhaps a flow chart summarizing experimental design.
                            Scanned, hand-drawn illustrations are usually preferable to
                            computer-generated ones.
     Format Suggestions for the Body of the
                    Poster
      USE SANS SERIF fonts (Helvetica and Arial are examples )
      Title: Bold type, sentence style, 80 point
      Authors: Bold type, 60 point
      Section headings: 44 point minimum
      Text under headings: 24 point minimum
      Arrange text in small blocks, about 10 sentences
      Single or 1.5 space between lines of text
      A line of text should be about 40 characters/11 words long
      Left justify text
      Do not indent first word in the first paragraph under a section heading.
       Indent as you normally would for paragraphs in remaining paragraphs in
       that section.
      Avoid blocks of text when possible.


13   Poster Presentation Basics
     Abstract
     In about 150 words clearly state:
      Rationale behind study (why was your work important to
        do?)
      Your hypothesis
      Your key findings
      Conclusion and significance: what do the findings mean
        regarding your hypothesis, rationale for undertaking the
        study, etc.,



14   Poster Presentation Basics
     Crafting the Introduction
      Be brief and craft this carefully. The first paragraph needs to grab the reader’s
         attention. Why should they want to spend time at your poster.Your first
         paragraph should “hook” them.
        State your major idea, hypothesis or claim clearly with as little qualification as
         possible. This statement should be as direct and unequivocal as a responsible
         person can make it.
        Provide the minimum of background information needed by a reader to
         understand why you did what you did.
        These points should set the stage for the reader to understand the approach you
         took and the significance of your findings
        It is tempting to put too much in this section. Just provide the main points that
         were background/reason/motivation for the undertaking the work




15   Poster Presentation Basics
     Methods
      Brief description of equipment, materials
      A summary of what you did and how you did it.
      Emphasizes key elements that help in understanding key
        results

      Consider using graphics like flow diagrams of procedural
        steps or pictures of critical equipment to simplify
        presentation



16   Poster Presentation Basics
     Graphs and Tables
      Graphs, tables, charts, must be legible from a distance of
       about 4-5 feet
      Chose the format that conveys the information most easily to
       a reader
      When using line graphs, label the lines directly and avoid
       using keys to identify conditions where ever possible.




17   Poster Presentation Basics
     Graphs– Legends and Captions
      Should describe the results displayed in the graphic. Keep it
        short, emphasizing your most important findings
      Example:
       Fig. 1. Changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in cat
        owners and non-owners during a exposure to still pictures of cats
        (Panel A) mice (Panel B) and dogs (Panel C). None of the three
        types of pictures affected systolic blood pressure. Diastolic
        pressure was reduced while participants observed cat pictures, but
        not when they viewed pictures of mice or dogs




18   Poster Presentation Basics
             Slip in Additional Information in
                   Legends and Captions
      Investigators often add detail about materials and method in
        legends describing visually presented data. Co-location of
        these details with the data may help people understand the
        work better.

     Fig. 2. Taste aversions in humans varied in strength as a function
       of whether nausea was the primary symptom. Subjects
       reported on experiences in which ingestion of a food was
       followed within 4-hours by an illness. The food in question
       was rated on a 1(extremely unpleasant) to 9 (extremely
       pleasant) scale for feelings before and after the event. Little
       evidence of aversion was found when illness symptoms did
       not include nausea.

19   Poster Presentation Basics
     Summary/ Conclusions
       This section must be written with great care and attention to assure your
       main points and conclusion are clearly an concisely presented. What was
       your hypothesis? What did you find? Why are your findings important?
       What issues do your findings resolve? What issues do they raise?

      This section and your Abstract are usually the first things a person
       visiting your poster will read… and maybe the last things.
      You can write this in prose, or you can write simple sentences with
       bullets to make your points stand out.
      e.g. We hypothesized that substance X affects action Y. Our data support
       this hypothesis:
             As X increased,Y activity declined
             We controlled or can discount effects of other factors known to influence Y:
               1.    P was eliminated
               2.    Z was measured and did not vary


20   Poster Presentation Basics
                         Template for a poster
       http://grad.uta.edu/Events/ACES/postertemplate.ppt




21   Poster Presentation Basics

								
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