Lyon by zzzmarcus

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Coordinates: 45°46′1″N 4°50′3″E / 45.76694°N 4.83417°E / 45.76694; 4.83417
Ville de Lyon Region Department Subdivisions Intercommunality Mayor Statistics Land area1
City flag City coat of arms

Rhône-Alpes Rhône (69) 9 arrondissements Urban Community of Lyon Gérard Collomb (PS)

47.95 km2 (18.51 sq mi) 472,305 (2006) 2nd agglomeration in France 3rd city France 9,850 /km² (25,500 / sq mi)

Motto: Avant, avant, Lion le melhor. (Arpitan: Forward, forward, Lyon the best)

Population2 - Ranking

- Density Urban Spread
Lyon as seen from Fourvière

Urban Area - Population Metro Area - Population

954 km2 (368 sq mi)


1,783,400 (2007) 3,306 km2 (1,276 sq mi) (1999) 4,415,000[1] (2007)

French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Historic Site of Lyons* UNESCO World Heritage Site State Party Time Zone Coordinates CET (GMT +1) 45°46′1″N 4°50′3″E / 45.76694°N 4.83417°E / 45.76694; 4.83417 Type Criteria Reference Region** France France Cultural ii, iv 872 Europe and North America

Administration Country

Inscription history


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1998 (22nd Session)

* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List. ** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Lyon, also known as Liyon in Arpetan, is a city in east-central France in the region Rhône-Alpes. Its name is pronounced [ljɔ̃] in French and Arpitan, and /liːˈɒn/ (Lyon) or /ˈlaɪ.ənz/ (Lyons) in English. Lyon is the second-largest French urban area, the first being Paris and the third Marseille. It is a major center of business, situated between Paris and Marseille, and has a reputation as the French capital of gastronomy and having a significant role in the history of cinema with Auguste and Louis Lumière. The local professional football team, Olympique Lyonnais, has increased the profile of Lyon internationally through participation in European football championships. The residents of the city are called Lyonnais. Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon forms the second-largest metropolitan area in France after that of Paris, with a population estimated to be 1,783,400 in urban area and 4,415,000[2] in metropole area (2007). Its "urban region" (Urban Community of Lyon), represents half of the Rhône-Alpes région population with three million inhabitants[3]. Lyon is also a major industrial center specializing in chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. There is also a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games. Lyon is the préfecture (capital) of the Rhône département, and also the capital of the Rhône-Alpes région. The city is known for its historical and architectural landmarks and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Lyon was historically known as the silk capital of the world. The city is known as the culinary capital of France. It also hosts numerous international headquarters like Interpol, Euronews, International Agency for Research on Cancer or Cité Scolaire Internationale de Lyon.

Lucius Munatius Plancus, founder of Lyon and dúnon (hill-fort). Lyon was first named Lugdunum meaning the "hill of lights" or "the hill of crows". Lug was equated by the Romans to Mercury. Agrippa recognized that Lugdunum’s position on the natural highway from northern to south-eastern France made it a natural communications hub, and he made Lyon the starting point of the principal Roman roads throughout Gaul. It then became the capital of Gaul, partly thanks to its convenient location at the convergence of two navigable rivers, and quickly became the main city of Gaul. Two emperors were born in this city: Claudius and Caracalla. Today, the archbishop of Lyon is still referred to as "le primat des Gaules" and the city often referred to as the "capitale des Gaules". The Christians in Lyon were persecuted for their religion under the reigns of the

Lyon was founded on the Fourvière hill as a Roman colony in 43 BCE by Munatius Plancus, a lieutenant of Caesar, on the site of a Gaulish hill-fort settlement called Lug[o]dunon, from the Celtic god Lugus (’Light’, cognate with Old Irish Lugh, Modern Irish Lú)


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various Roman emperors, most notably Marcus Aurelius and Septimus Severus. Local saints from this period include saints such as Blandina (Blandine), Pothinus (Pothin) , and Epipodius (Épipode), among others. The great Christian bishop of Lyon in the 2nd century was the Easterner Irenaeus.


Lyon in the 18th century supported the Girondins. In 1793, the city was under siege for over two months, assaulted by the Revolutionary armies, before eventually surrendering. More than 2,000 people were executed and several buildings were destroyed, especially around the Place Bellecour. A decade later, Napoleon himself ordered the reconstruction of all the buildings demolished during this period. The silk workers of Lyon, known as canuts, staged two major uprisings: in 1831 and 1834. The 1831 uprising saw one of the first recorded uses of the black flag as an emblem of protest. The world’s first funicular railway was built between Lyon and La CroixRousse in 1862.

Lyon under siege (1793) Burgundian refugees from the destruction of Worms by Huns in 437 were resettled by the military commander of the west, Aëtius, at Lugdunum, which was formally the capital of the new Burgundian kingdom by 461. In 843, by the Treaty of Verdun, Lyon, with the country beyond the Saône, went to Lothair I, and later became a part of the Kingdom of Arles. Lyon only came under French control in the fourteenth century. Fernand Braudel remarked, Historians of Lyon are not sufficiently aware of the bi-polarity between Paris and Lyon, which is a constant structure in French development from the late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution (Braudel 1984 p. 327). The fairs in Lyon, the invention of Italian merchants, made it the economic countinghouse of France in the late 15th century. When international banking moved to Genoa, then Amsterdam, Lyon simply became the banking centre of France; its new Bourse (treasury), built in 1749, still resembled a public bazaar where accounts were settled in the open air. During the Renaissance, the city developed with the silk trade, especially with Italy; the Italian influence on Lyon’s architecture can still be seen. Thanks to the silk trade, Lyon became an important industrial town during the 19th century. Lyon was a scene of mass violence against Huguenots in the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacres in 1572. During the French Revolution, Lyon uprose against the National Convention and

Lyon in 1860 Lyon was a centre for the occupying German forces and also a stronghold of resistance during World War II, and the city is now home to a resistance museum. (See also Klaus Barbie.) The traboules, or secret passages, through the houses enabled the local people to escape Gestapo raids.


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several convents, the palace of the Archbishop, the Tour métallique (a highly visible TV tower, replicating the last stage of the Eiffel Tower) and a funicular (a railway on a steep hill). To the north is the Croix-Rousse, "the hill that works", traditionally home to many small silk workshops, an industry for which the city was once renowned. The original medieval city (Vieux Lyon) was built on the west bank of the Saône river at the foot of the Fourvière hill, west of the Presqu’île. (This area, along with portions of the Presqu’île and much of the Croix-Rousse are recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Place Bellecour is located on the peninsula (Presqu’île) between the rivers Rhône and Saône and is the third largest public square in France and one of the largest in Europe. Specifically, it is the largest clear square (i.e., without any patches of greenery, trees or any other kind of obstacles) in Europe. The broad, pedestrian-only Rue de la République leads north from Place Bellecour. The 2nd arrondissement has many of the finest old residential buildings in Lyon and the area is known for its concentration of old Lyonnaise Catholic families, particularly in the Ainay part of the arrondissement. East of the Rhône from the Presqu’île is a large area of flat ground upon which sits much of modern Lyon and most of the city’s population. Situated in this area is the urban centre of Part-Dieu which clusters the former Crédit Lyonnais Tower (central France’s only skyscraper), the Part-Dieu shopping centre, and one of Lyon’s two major rail terminals, Lyon Part-Dieu. North of this district is the relatively wealthy 6th arrondissement, which is home to the Parc de la Tête d’Or, one of Europe’s largest urban parks, the prestigious Lycée du Parc to the south of the park, and Interpol’s world headquarters on the park’s western edge. The park contains a free zoo that has recently been upgraded. Several buildings are being constructed in Part-Dieu such as the Tour Oxygène and other projects such as the Tour Incity

The Saône River in Lyon as seen from Pont La Feuillée

Lyon’s Part-Dieu district

Lyon’s geography is dominated by the Rhône and Saône rivers that converge to the south of the historic city center forming a peninsula or "Presqu’île"; two large hills, one to the west and one to the north of the historic city center; and a large plain which sprawls eastward from the historic city centre. To the west is Fourvière, known as "the hill that prays", the location for the highly decorated Notre-Dame de Fourvière basilica,



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Climate Table Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul 6.2 Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) Mean daily minimum 0.1 temperature (°C) Mean total rainfall (mm) 8.4 1.2


Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year 16.3 7.5

12.4 15.3 20.0 23.5 27.0 26.7 22.3 16.7 10.2 7.1 3.3 5.6 9.9 13.1 15.6 15.3 11.9 8.4 3.6 1.5

52.9 50.5 54.8 72.3 87.8 80.2 62.0 69.0 88.3 94.7 75.1 55.5 843.1 9.0 8.8 9.5 11.3 8.8 6.8 7.2 7.7 10.3 9.2 9.5 107.5

Mean number of rain 9.4 days

Lyon is the capital of the Rhône-Alpes région, the préfecture of the Rhône département, and the capital of 14 cantons, covering 1 commune, and with a total population of 488,300 (2007).

Place Bellecour, the "official" center of Lyon Like Paris and Marseille, Lyon is divided into a number of municipal arrondissements (sometimes translated into English as boroughs), each of which is identified by a number and has its own council and town hall. Five arrondissements were originally created in 1852, when three neighbouring communes (La Croix-Rousse, La Guillotière, and Vaise) were annexed by Lyon. Between 1867 and 1959, the 3rd arrondissement (which originally covered the whole of the Left Bank of the Rhône) was split three times, creating a new arrondissement in each case. Then, in 1963, the commune of SaintRambert-l’Île-Barbe was annexed to Lyon’s 5th arrondissement. A year later, in 1964, the 5th was split to create Lyon’s 9th – and, to date, final – arrondissement. Within each arrondissement, there are a number of recognisable quartiers or neighbourhoods: • 1starrdt : Pentes de la Croix-Rousse, Terreaux, Martinière/St-Vincent • 2nd arrdt: Cordeliers, Bellecour, Ainay, Perrache, Confluent • 3rd arrdt : Guillotière (north), Préfecture, Part-Dieu, Villette, Dauphiné/Sans Souci,

The arrondissements of Lyon.

Lyon’s early 17th-century town hall.


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Montchat, Grange Blanche (north), Monplaisir (north) 4th arrdt: Plateau de la Croix-Rousse, Serin 5th arrdt: Vieux Lyon (St-Paul, St-Jean, StGeorges), St-Just, St-Irénée, Fourvière, Point du Jour, Ménival, Battières, Champvert (south) 6th arrdt: Brotteaux, Bellecombe, Parc de la Tête d’Or, Cité Internationale 7th arrdt: Guillotière (south), Jean Macé, Gerland 8th arrdt: Monplaisir (south), Bachut, États-Unis, Grand Trou/Moulin à Vent, Grange Blanche (south), Laënnec, Mermoz, Monplaisir-la-Plaine 9th arrdt: Vaise, Duchère, Rochecardon, St-Rambert-l’Île-Barbe, Gorge de Loup, Observance, Champvert (north)


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Bartholdi Fountain at the Place des Terreaux


The NotreDame de Fourvière BaA silica, view of one of the many gardens in the Parc de la Tête d’Or which overlooks the city

• Since the Middle Ages, the residents of the region, speak several dialects of

The SaintJean Cathedral, seat of the ArchbishStatue of Louis XIV, with Ferris wheel in op background, at Bellecour of LyFranco-Provençal language. The Lyonnais on dialect was partly replaced by the French language as the importance of the city grew. However, it is still alive and, in addition, some "frenchified" FrancoProvençal words can also be heard in the


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there as a testimony, hosting many of their first inventions. December 8 each year is marked by "la Fête des lumières" (the Festival of Lights), a celebration of thanks to the Virgin Mary, who purportedly saved the city from a deadly plague in the Middle Ages. During the event, the local population places candles (lumignons) at their windows and the city of Lyon organizes impressive large-scale light shows onto the sides of important Lyonnais monuments, such as the medieval Cathédrale St-Jean. The church of Saint Francis of Sales is famous for its large and unaltered Cavaillé-Coll pipe organ, attracting audiences from around the world. Lyon also features a renowned opera house. Lyon is also the French capital of "trompe l’œil"-walls, a very ancient tradition. Many are to be seen everywhere around the city. This old tradition is now expending in a contemporary expression. See for example Guillaume Bottazzi art work [1][4] . The Brothers of the Sacred Heart, a Roman Catholic congregation that operates schools in Europe and North America, was founded in Lyon in 1821. The African Museum of Lyon is one of the oldest museums situated in Lyon.[5]


The "Fête des Lumières" expresses gratitude to Mary




The Roman-era Theatre on the Fourvière hill


UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Saint-Jean and the Croix-Rousse areas, which are noted for their narrow passageways (traboules) that pass through buildings and link the streets either side, were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1998.

For several centuries Lyon has been known as the French capital of gastronomy, due, in part, to the presence of many of France’s finest chefs in the city and its surroundings (e.g. Paul Bocuse). This reputation also comes from the fact that two of France’s best known wine-growing regions are located near Lyon: the Beaujolais to the North, and the Côtes du Rhône to the South. Beaujolais wine is very popular in Lyon and remains the most common table wine served with local dishes. Lyon is the home of very typical and traditional restaurants: the bouchons. Bouchons

The Ile Barbe island along the Saône in Lyon’s 9th arrondissement French of the Lyonnais, who call their little boys and girls "gones" and "fenottes" for example. • Lyon was an early centre for printing books, and nurtured a circle of 16th century poets. • The Lumière brothers invented cinema in the town in 1895. The Musée Lumière is


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are usually convivial restaurants serving local dishes, and local wines. Lyon is famous for its morning snacks, the mâchons, made up of local charcuterie and usually accompanied by Beaujolais red wine. Traditional local dishes include saucisson de Lyon (sausage), andouillette, coq au vin, esox (pike) quenelle, gras double (tripe cooked with onions), salade lyonnaise (lettuce with bacon, croutons and a poached egg), marrons glacés and cardoon au gratin.


Parks and gardens
• Jardin botanique de Lyon (8 hectares), also known as the Parc de la Tête d’Or, is a municipal botanical garden located in the Parc de la Tête d’Or, Lyon, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France. It is open weekdays without charge. The garden was established in 1857 as a successor to earlier botanical gardens dating to 1796, and now describes itself as France’s largest municipal botanical garden. Today it contains about 15,000 plants, including 3500 plants of temperate regions, 760 species of shrubs, a hundred species of wild roses, 750 varieties of historical roses, 200 varieties of peonies recognized by the Conservatoire Français des Collections Végétales Spécialisées (CCVS), 1800 species of alpine plants, 50 varieties of water lilies, and 6,000 species in its greenhouses. The garden’s greenhouses enclose a total of 6500 m² in area, and include a central pavilion for tropical plants including camellias over a hundred years old; a greenhouseaquarium with Amazonian water lilies; a Dutch greenhouse containing carnivorous plants; small greenhouses with orchids; and small cold greenhouses with azaleas, cactus, and so forth. • Parc de la Tête d’Or, (literally, Golden Head Park), in central Lyon, who’s is the largest urban park in France at 117 hectares. Located in the 6th arrondissement, it features a large lake on which boating takes place during the summer months. Due to the relatively small number of other parks in Lyon, it receives a huge number of visitors over summer, and is a frequent destination for joggers and cyclists. At the northern end of the park, there is a small zoo, with giraffes, elephants, tigers and other animals. There is also sporting equipment, such as a velodrome, boules court, minigolf, horse riding, and even a miniature train.

Main sights
These are the main sights of Lyon.

• • • • • • Place Bellecour Tour métallique de Fourvière (1894) Musée des beaux-arts de Lyon Hôtel-Dieu de Lyon Sainte Marie de La Tourette monastery (1960) designed by Le Corbusier Saint-Exupéry International Airport (formerly Satolas Airport, 1975), designed by Guillaume Gilbert. Opéra National de Lyon, renovated in 1993 by Jean Nouvel. Gare de Lyon Saint-Exupéry (1994) by Santiago Calatrava. Cité Internationale (1998), designed by Renzo Piano. It is a group of buildings for various functions. Cathédrale Saint-Jean Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière. Basilica of St-Martin-d’Ainay. The church of St-Martin-d’Ainay is one of the rare surviving Romanesque basilicastyle churches in Lyon. The doorway of St. Nizier’s (fifteenth century) was carved in the sixteenth century by Philibert Delorme. La Mouche Cattle Market and Abbatoir (1914, 1928), designed by Tony Garnier. The Roman ruins on the hillside near the Fourviere Basilica, and the accompanying Gallo-Roman Museum. The Medieval Quarter of town, with cobbled streets, shops, and dining. Tour du Crédit Lyonnais Tour Oxygène Tour Incity

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Colleges and universities
• ECE Lyon • CPE Lyon • École Centrale de Lyon


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• International School of Lyon (private school) • L’école Montessori de Lyon (private school)


Lyon is home to Ligue 1 football (soccer) team Olympique Lyonnais, commonly known as "Lyon" or "OL". The team has enjoyed unprecedented success recently, winning the last seven national titles and establishing themselves as France’s premier football club. The captain of the side, Juninho Pernambucano is one of several Brazilians at Lyon, and he has received many awards while leading his team to unrivalled success. The team competes in the prestigious UEFA Champions League and currently plays at the impressive Stade de Gerland, where the Danone Nation’s Cup is held every year. The team is set to move to a new stadium in DécinesCharpieu (in the eastern suburbs) in 2010, which will hold 67,895 people. Lyon also has a rugby union team, Lyon OU, currently playing in division 2, Rugby Pro D2. In addition, Lyon has a rugby league side: Lyon Villeurbanne Rhône XIII, or LVR XIII[6], play in the French rugby league championship. The club’s current home ground is Stade Georges Lyvet in Villeurbanne. Lyon is also home to the Lyon Hockey Club, an ice hockey team that competes in France’s national ice hockey league. Finally, Villeurbanne also has a renowned basketball team, ASVEL, who play at the Astroballe arena in Cusset.

The Hôtel-Dieu de Lyon today • ECAM Lyon (École Catholique d’Arts et Métiers de Lyon) • EM Lyon (École de Management de Lyon) • École Nationale des Travaux Publiques de l’Etat (ENTPE) • École des Beaux-Arts • École Normale Supérieure de Lyon • École Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines • Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon (located in Villeurbanne) • Institut des Sciences et Techniques de l’Ingénieur de Lyon (ISTIL) (located in Villeurbanne) • Institut d’études politiques de Lyon • ISARA-Lyon Institut Supérieur D’Agriculture Rhône Alpes • Institution des Chartreux • Université Claude Bernard (Lyon I) • Lumière University Lyon 2 • Université Jean Moulin (Lyon III) • Institut d’Administration des Entreprises de Lyon, Université Jean Moulin (Lyon III) • Catholic University of Lyon • ESDES Business School • Wesford Graduate Business School • Le Lycée du Parc • La Martiniere Lyon • Centre Européen d’Enseignement Supérieur de l’Ostéopathie- (CEESO)

The Saint-Exupéry International Airport is located 20 km (12 mi) to the east of Lyon, and serves as a base for regional and international flights. It is also directly connected to the TGV network with its own station Gare de Lyon Saint-Exupéry. Aéroport de Lyon-Bron is a smaller local airport to the east of the city centre. It’s reservated for the affairs.

International schools in Lyon
There are some international schools in Lyon, including: • Cité Scolaire Internationale de Lyon (private school) • École Interculturelle de Français pour Étrangers (French language school) • Ombrosa (private school)

Lyon is connected to the north (Lille, Paris, Brussels, and in the future Amsterdam) and the south (Marseille, Montpellier, and in the future Barcelona) by the TGV. It was the first


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city to be connected to Paris by the TGV in 1981. Lyon has two major railway stations: Lyon Part-Dieu, which was built to accommodate the TGV and has become the principal railway station for extra-regional trains; and Lyon Perrache, which is an older station that now primarily serves regional rail services. In practice, many trains, including TGVs, serve both stations. Smaller railway stations include Gorge de Loup, Vaise, Vénissieux, and St-Paul.



Public bicycle service Vélo’v

Lyon’s tramway Network of highways around Lyon The City is at the heart of a dense road network and is located at the meeting point of several highways: A6 (to Paris), A7 (to Marseille), A42 (to Geneve), A43 (to Grenoble). The city is now bypassed by the A46. The TCL (French: Transports en Commun Lyonnais), Lyon’s public transport system, consisting of metros, buses and trams, serves 62 communes of the Lyon agglomeration. The metro system has 4 lines, 39 stations and runs with a frequency of up to a metro every 2 minutes. The bus system consists of normal buses, trolleybuses and coaches for areas outside the centre, but which operate on the same ticketing scheme. There are four tram lines since April 2009: T1 from Montrochet in the south to IUT-Feyssine in the north, Tram T2 from Perrache railway station in the southwest to Saint-Priest in the southeast, Tram T3 from Part-Dieu to Meyzieu, and Tram T4 from Mendès-France to Feyzin. There is also two funicular linesfrom Vieux Lyon to Saint-Just and Fourvière. The REAL increase the traffic from suberbs There’s also LESLYS, Tram-Train from Part-Dieu to Saint-Exupery who’s in construction. The public transit system is complemented by Vélo’v, a bicycle network providing a low

Intercity coach
Lyon is served by the Eurolines intercity coach organisation. Its Lyon terminal is located at the city’s Perrache railway station, which serves as an intermodal transportation hub that also includes tramways, local and regional trains and busses, the terminus of metro line A, the bicycle service Vélo’v, taxis, and high-speed TGV trains.

Public transport
Further information: Lyon Metro, Tramways in Lyon, Transports in Rhône-Alpes and TER Rhône Alpes


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cost and convenient bicycle hire service where bicycles can be hired and dropped off at any of 340 stations throughout the city. Borrowing a bicycle for less than 30 minutes is free.

• 1974: Verdict, d’André Cayatte. • 1980: Une semaine de vacances, de Bertrand Tavernier. • 1981: Le Voyage à Lyon de Claudia von Aleman. • 1985: Parole de flic, de José Pinheiro avec Alain Delon. • 1993: Un crime, de Jacques Deray. • 1994: Lucie Aubrac, de Claude Berri. • 1996: Les Voleurs, d’André Téchiné. • 1998: Le Gone du Chaâba, de Christophe Ruggia, d’après le roman d’Azouz Begag. • 2000: Lyon police spéciale, de Bertrand Arthuys. • 2000: Tout va bien, on s’en va, de Claude Mouriéras. • 2000: Une affaire de goût, de Bernard Rapp. • 2002: Inventaire filmé des rues de la Croix-Rousse à Lyon, de Gérard Courant • 2002: Quand tu descendras du ciel de Éric Guirado. • 2003: Le Coût de la vie, de Philippe Le Guay. • 2004: Vaada, de Satish Kaushik, film de Bollywood. • 2005: Destination Fourvière, de Gérard Courant. • 2007: Après Lui, de Gaël Morel. • 2007: Détrompez-vous • 2007: J’veux pas que tu t’en ailles, de Bernard Jeanjean. • 2007: La fille coupée en deux, de Claude Chabrol. • 2008: Les Liens du sang, de Jacques Maillot.

People from Lyon
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Claudius Caracalla Irenaeus André-Marie Ampère Jean-Baptiste Say Louis Pradel Auguste and Louis Lumière Alexandre Lacassagne Edmond Locard Jean Moulin Abbé Pierre Bertrand Tavernier Paul Bocuse Maurice Jarre Jean Michel Jarre Liane Foly Gérard Collomb André Manoukian Clovis Cornillac Katsuni Sylvie Testud Jerome Kerviel Jean Baptiste Maunier Antoine de Saint-Exupéry Victor Augagneur Raymond Barre Azouz Begag

Movies in Lyon
• 1895: 14 vues Lumière filmées à Lyon entre 1895 et 1900 par Auguste et Louis Lumière. • 1946: Un revenant de Christian-Jaque, avec Louis Jouvet, Gaby Morlay, François Périer, Marguerite Moreno, Ludmila Tcherina, Louis Seigner. • 1953: Thérèse Raquin, réalisé par Marcel Carné, avec Simone Signoret, Raf Vallone et Jacques Duby. • 1956: Un condamné à mort s’est échappé de Robert Bresson • 1966: Le Voyage du père de Denys de la Patellière. • 1969: L’Armée des ombres de Jean-Pierre Melville • 1974: L’Horloger de Saint-Paul, de Bertrand Tavernier.

Arrondissements of Lyon History of Lyon Lugdunum Grand Lyon Rhône-Alpes Gallia Lugdunensis Lyon Dubai City Réseau Express de l’Aire métropolitaine lyonnaise • Olympique Lyonnais • Urban Community of Lyon • IAE Jean Moulin University Lyon 3 • • • • • • • •

International Relations

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International attraction

• Lyon in the year 1656 is described by Samuel Chappuzeau in his book Lyon dans The crazy project Lyon Dubai City, reproducson lustre. tion of some district of Lyon in Fubai, is a ma• A historical article about a 19th century jor point for the tourism in Lyon. flood inspired the 1979 song "The Flood at Lyons" by the rock band Renaissance. • In the Marillion song "Bitter Suite" from Twin towns - Sister cities Misplaced Childhood there is a reference to Lyon. The line is: "The sky was bible [7] Lyon is twinned with: black in Lyons, when I met the • • • Magdalene." Frankfurt Gothenburg Beersheba • Morrissey, former singer with The Smiths, in in Sweden in Israel briefly mentions Lyon in the 2006 song Germany • Pécs in • "Christian Dior," the B-side to "In The (since 1960) Hungary Birmingham Future When All’s Well". [10] • Jericho in United • Lyon is the name of a multi-player level in in West • Kingdom the real-time strategy game Company of Bank Leipzig in (since 1951) Heroes. Germany • Dubai, • Craiova In the video game Metal Gear Solid 2: • (since 1981) UAE in Romania Sons of Liberty, the character Revolver (since 1992) • • Curitiba Ocelot has gone through an arm Yokohama • Varna in Brazil transplant in Lyon, as revealed in one of in Japan in Bulgaria the dialogs. • (since 1959) • The lion is a common sight in Lyon: Guangzhou [11] Muntinlupa in China in • (since 1988) Philippines Kutaisi in • Milan in Georgia • Saint Italy (since The (since 2006) [8] Petersburg 1966) lion • in Russia A lion The li- A real on • Beirut Yerevan (since 1993) on at door Sculpture the in Lebanon lion in [15] in [9] seal knocker Maison the Parc of lions Armenia • of in Lyon des at the • Saint de la • Łódź YoshkarAvocats Tête Lyon Gare Louis in in Poland Ola in Part-Dieu United d’Or (since 1991) Russia States (since

• Philadelphia in United States

• Montréal in Québec, Canada
(since 1979)

[1] Espace_urbain_(France) [2] Espace_urbain_(France) [3] "The RUL website (French)". Retrieved on 2009-02-05. [4] "Bottazzi fait le mur". Brefonline.Com. numeroERA_affichearticle.asp?idA=3262. Retrieved on 2009-02-05. [5] "The African Museum of Lyon Website". Retrieved on 2009-02-05.


Minsk in Belarus
(since 1976)

Cultural references
• The city figures in the play The Lyons Mail by Charles Reade, which was adapted into a film in 1931.


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[6] Le site de Lyon Villeurbanne Rhône à XIII - LVR XIII [7] "Partner Cities of Lyon and Greater Lyon". © 2008 Mairie de Lyon. villes_partenaires/villes_partenaires_2/ ?aIndex=1. Retrieved on 2008-10-21. [8] "Milano - Città Gemellate". © 2008
Municipality of Milan (Comune di Milano). CDM?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/wps/wcm/ connect/ContentLibrary/In%20Comune/ In%20Comune/Citt%20Gemellate. Retrieved on 2008-12-05.

[12] "Twin Cities". The City of _Łódź_ Office. (English) and (Polish) © 2007 UM_. index.php?str=2029. Retrieved on 2008-10-23. [13] "Montreal partner city". villes_partenaires/villes_partenaires_2/ ?aIndex=1. Retrieved on 2009-02-05. [14] "Twin towns of Minsk". © 2008 The
department of protocol and international relations of Minsk City Executive Committee.

[9] "Twinning the Cities". City of Beirut. Retrieved on 2008-12-08. [15] "Saint Petersburg in figures Menu-Pages/ International and Interregional Ties". SisterCitiesEN.aspx?NRMODE=Published&NRORIGINALURL=%2fwww%2ebeirut%2egov%2elb%2fM Saint Petersburg City Government. A1AF-7F8F3693C3E6%7d&NRCACHEHINT=NoModifyGuest#. Retrieved on 2009-03-17. Retrieved on 2008-11-23. [10] "Frankfurt -Partner Cities". © 2008 Stadt
Frankfurt am Main. sixcms/detail.php?id=502645. Retrieved on 2008-12-05.

External links
• • • • City of Lyon official website Lyon travel guide from Wikitravel Lyon City Hall official website Lyon public transport company, including maps • Lyon Partner cities • Official Tourism Office Site • The site of the Grand Lyon

[11] "Official Yokohama City Tourism Website: Sister Cities". © Yokohama
Convention & Visitors Bureau. tourism/mame/a3000.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-11.

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