From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An independent contractor is a natural person, business, or corporation which provides goods or services to another entity under terms specified in a contract or within a verbal agreement. Unlike an employee, an independent contractor does not work regularly for an employer but works as and when required, during which time she or he may be subject to the Law of Agency. Independent contractors are usually paid on a freelance basis. Contractors often work through a limited company which they themselves own, or may work through an umbrella company. In the United States, any company or organization engaged in a trade or business that pays more than $600 to an independent contractor in one year is required to report this to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) as well as to the contractor, using Form 1099-MISC. This form is merely a report of monies paid; independent contractors do not have income taxes withheld from their pay as regular employees do. When computing taxable income on the federal income tax return, the independent contractor can deduct, from his gross income amount, the amount work related expenses, such as tools or safety gear needed for the work that were purchased by the contractor himself. performance of their job. This contrasts with the situation for regular employees, who usually work at the schedule required by the employer and whose performance is directly supervised by the employer. However many companies (particularly in the freight transport industry) specify the contractor’s schedule, require purchase of vehicles from the company and prohibit work for other companies. The main reason for independent contractor status is to avoid providing health insurance, and to reduce tax payments. Examples of occupations where independent contractor arrangements are typical: • General Practitioner • Boxer • Chef • General Contractor • Masons • Taxi cab and limo drivers • Courier’s • Lawn care workers • Freelancers • Entertainers • Professional Wrestlers • Professional sports • Newspaper Carriers • Interpreters/Translators • Doctors • Lawyers • Stockbroker • Private military company • Private Security • Butler • Maids • private investigator • Bodyguard • Talent Agent • Author • Dry Cleaners • Tradesman • accountant • market stall • barber • massage therapist • tutor • personal trainer • real estate
Independent Contractor versus Employee
Sometimes, it is not a straightforward matter to determine who is an independent contractor and who should be classified as an employee. To make a determination, the IRS advises taxpayers to look at three aspects of the employment arrangement: financial control, behavioral control, and relationship between the parties. While some independent contractors may work for a number of different organizations throughout the year, there are also many who retain independent contractor status even though they work for the same organization for the entire year. Generally speaking, independent contractors retain control over their schedule and number of hours worked, jobs accepted, and
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
tortious acts and omissions of the contractor, because the control and supervision found in an employer-employee or Principal-Agent relationship is lacking. However, vicarious liability will be imposed in three circumstances: 1. where the contractor injures an invitee to the real property of the employer, 2. the contractor is involved in an ultrahazardous activity (one likely to cause substantial injury, such as blasting with explosives), or 3. the employer is estopped from denying liability because he has held out the independent contractor as if he were simply an employee or agent.
Pros and Cons
Just like everything else in the world, life as an independent contractor has both benefits and hindrances.
• Since they are rarely tied to an employer, they are free to set their own rules of business. • Since they usually develop a large network of clients, the loss of one or two often has a negligible affect. • Many people simply like the idea of "being your own boss." Aside from materialistic benefits, many people simply enjoy being labeled as such.
 See generally 26 U.S.C. § 6041 and 26 C.F.R. sec. 1.6041-1.  Sample form 1099-MISC   IRS Frequently Asked Questions about form 1099-MISC
• Most independent contractors are usually also owners of a sole proprietorship, and as such, bear all the expenses of their product, which can only be made up by charging customers extra. • Income taxes for independent contractors are drastically more complicated than of employees. • There are several monetary incentives that are guaranteed to employees in the United States, but not independent contractors. Examples include worker’s compensation and unemployment insurance.
• • • • • • • Subcontractor Performance bond General contractor Contingent Workforce Real estate trends Inside contracting Misclassification of employees as independent contractors
An independent contract- External links or in tort • Independent Contractor Rights
The employer of an independent contractor is generally not held vicariously liable for the • http://www.irs.gov/taxtopics/tc762.html