Docstoc

1915

Document Sample
1915 Powered By Docstoc
					From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1915

1915
Millennium: Centuries: Decades: Years: 2nd millennium 19th century - 20th century 21st century
1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s 1930s 1940s

1912 1913 1914 - 1915 - 1916 1917 1918

Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1915

• January 1 – World War I: The battleship HMS Formidable is sunk off Lyme Regis, Dorset, England, by a German U-Boat. • January 12 – The Rocky Mountain National Park is established by an act of the U.S. Congress. • January 12 – The United States House of Representatives rejects a proposal to give women the right to vote. • January 13 – An earthquake (6.8 in Richter scale) in Avezzano, Italy, kills more than 29,000. • January 18 – Twenty-One Demands from Japan to China are made. • January 19 – Georges Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising. • January 19 – German zeppelins bomb the cities of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn in the United Kingdom for the first time, killing more than 20. • January 21 – Kiwanis International is founded in Detroit, Michigan. • January 28 – An act of the U.S. Congress designates the United States Coast Guard, begun in 1790, as a military branch. • January 31 – World War I: Germany uses poison gas against the Russians.

January 1: HMS Formidable

January
• January – While working as a cook at New York’s Sloan Hospital under an assumed name, Typhoid Mary infects 25 people, and is placed in quarantine for life. January 28: United States Coast Guard military branch.

1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1915

February
• February 8 – The controversial film, The Birth of a Nation, directed by D.W. Griffith, premieres in Los Angeles, California. • February 12 – In Washington, D.C. the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place. • February 20 – In San Francisco, CA the Panama-Pacific International Exposition is opened.

April
• April 24 – Onset of the Armenian Genocide.

May

March
• March to October – The 1915 locust plague breaks out in Palestine. • March 3 – NACA, the predecessor of NASA, is founded. • March 14 – World War I: Off the coast of Chile, the Royal Navy forces the German light cruiser SMS Dresden to scuttle. • March 14 – Britain, France and Russia agree to give Constantinople and the Bosporus to Russia in case of victory (the treaty is later nullified by the Bolshevik Revolution). • March 18 – World War I: A British attack on the Dardanelles fails. • March 19 – Pluto is photographed for the first time but is not then classified as a planet. • March 25 – The U.S. submarine F-4 sinks off Hawaii; 21 are killed. • March 28 – The first Roman Catholic Liturgy is celebrated by Archbishop John Ireland at the newly consecrated Cathedral of Saint Paul in Saint Paul, Minnesota.

May 7: (World War I) German U-boat sinks RMS Lusitania. • May 3 – John McCrae writes In Flanders Fields. • May 5 – World War I: The Turks begin shelling Anzac Cove from a new position behind their lines. • May 6 – Babe Ruth hits his first career home run off of Jack Warhop. • May 7 – World War I: The RMS Lusitania is sunk by a German U-boat, killing 1,198. • May 9 – World War I – Second Battle of Artois: German and French forces fight to a standstill. • May 17 – The last purely Liberal government in the United Kingdom ends when Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith forms an all party coalition. • May 22 – The Quintinshill railway disaster in Scotland leaves 200 dead. • May 23 – World War I: Italy joins the Allies after they declare war on AustriaHungary. • May 25 – China agrees to Twenty-One Demands. • May 29 – Teófilo Braga becomes president of Portugal.

June
• June 3 – Mexican Revolution: Troops of Obregon and Villa clash at León: Obregon loses his right arm in grenade attack but Villa is decisively defeated. • June 9 – U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding his nation’s handling of the RMS Lusitania sinking.

March 14: (World War I) Royal Navy forced the German light cruiser SMS Dresden to scuttle.

2

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• June 16 – The British Women’s Institute is founded.

1915

October
• October 12 – World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium. • October 15 – World War I: AustriaHungary invades the Kingdom of Serbia. Bulgaria enters the war, invading Kingdom of Serbia. The retreat of the Serbian First Army towards Greece begins the Serbian Campaign (World War I). • October 19 – Mexican Revolution: The U.S. recognizes the Mexican government of Venustiano Carranza de facto (not de jure until 1917). • October 27 – William Morris Hughes becomes the 7th Prime Minister of Australia.

July
• July 7 – An extremely overloaded Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, resulting in 15 casualties. • July 24 – The steamer Eastland capsizes in central Chicago, with the loss of 844 lives. • July 28 – The United States occupation of Haiti begins.

August
• August 5-August 23 – Hurricane Two of the 1915 Atlantic hurricane season over Galveston and New Orleans leaves 275 dead. • August 6 – World War I – Battle of Sari Bair: The Allies mount a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay. • August 16 – The Entente promises the Kingdom of Serbia, should victory be achieved over Austro-Hungary and its allied Central Powers, the territories of Baranja, Srem and Slavonia from the Cisleithanian part of the Dual Monarchy; Bosnia and Herzegovina; and eastern Dalmatia (from the river of Krka to Bar). • August 17 – Jewish American Leo Frank is lynched for the alleged murder of a 13-year-old girl in Atlanta, Georgia. • August 31 – Jimmy Lavender of the Chicago Cubs pitches a no hitter against the New York Giants.

November
• November – Sykes-Picot Agreement: The governments of Britain and France secretly agree to overtake the MiddleEastern regions of the Ottoman Empire (mostly Syria and Iraq), and establish their own zones of influence. • November 14 – A vision is allegedly encountered by various military personnel in Europe at 22:30 hours (as recounted on the television series One Step Beyond). • November 23 – The Triangle Film Corporation opens its new motion picture theater in Massillon, Ohio. • November 25 – The theory of general relativity is formulated.

December
• December 12 – Chinese president Yuan Shikai declares himself Emperor. • December 23 – The HMHS Britannic, the largest individual British loss in World War I, departs Liverpool on her maiden voyage. • December 25 – British and German forces get out of the trenches in World War I and have a free-for-all kick-around football game in no-man’s land. • December 26 – The Irish Republican Brotherhood Military Council decides to stage a rising on Easter Sunday 1916.

September
• September 6 – The first prototype tank is tested for the British Army for the first time. • September 7 – Former cartoonist John B. Gruelle is given a patent for his Raggedy Ann doll. • September 11 – The Pennsylvania Railroad begins electrified commuter rail service between Paoli and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, using overhead AC trolley wires for power. This type of system is later used in long-distance passenger trains between New York City, Washington, D.C., and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Undated
• Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of Pangaea.

3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Emory College is rechartered as Emory University, and plans to move its main campus from Oxford, Georgia to Atlanta. • Lord Beaverbrook buys the Daily Express. • An automobile speed record of 102.6 m.p.h. is set at Sheepshead Bay, N.Y. by Gil Anderson, driving a Stutz. • The first stop sign appears in Detroit, Michigan. • Women’s suffrage is introduced in Denmark and Iceland. • Franz Kafka’s short novel Die Verwandlung is first published in Germany. • There are 2 million Russian casualties during World War I.
Japanese calendar Korean calendar Thai solar calendar Taishō 4
(??4?)

1915

4248 2458

January-February
• January 2 – John Hope Franklin, American historian (d. 2009) • January 3 – Sid Hudson, American baseball player (d. 2008) • January 5 – Arthur H. Robinson, American geographer and cartographer (d. 2004) • January 6 – Don Edwards, American politician • January 9 – Anita Louise, American actress (d. 1970) • January 11 – Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier and co-founder of the Special Air Service (d. 1955) • January 14 – Mark Goodson, American television game show producer (d. 1992) • January 18 – Santiago Carrillo, Spanish politician • January 20 – Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 2006) • January 23 – Arthur Lewis, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991) • January 24 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (d. 1991) • January 29 – John Serry, Sr., American musician, composer, arranger (d. 2003) • January 30 – Joachim Peiper, German S.S. officer (d. 1976) • January 30 – John Profumo, British cabinet minister (d. 2006) • January 31 – Alan Lomax, American folklorist and musicologist (d. 2002) • January 31 – Thomas Merton, American monk and author (d. 1968) • February 1 – Artur London, Czech statesman (d. 1986) • February 1 – Sir Stanley Matthews, English footballer (d. 2000) • February 1 – Alicia Rhett, American actress and painter • February 2 – Khushwant Singh, Indian writer • February 4 – Sir Norman Wisdom, English comedian, singer, and actor • February 5 – Robert Hofstadter, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)

Ongoing
• World War I (1914-1918).

Births
1915 in other calendars Gregorian calendar Ab urbe condita Armenian calendar Bahá’í calendar Berber calendar Buddhist calendar Burmese calendar Byzantine calendar Chinese calendar 1915 MCMXV 2668 1364 ?? ???? 71 – 72 2865 2459 1277 7423 – 7424
?????????

(4551/4611-11-16) — to —
?????????

(4552/4612-11-25) Coptic calendar Ethiopian calendar Hebrew calendar Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat - Shaka Samvat - Kali Yuga Holocene calendar Iranian calendar Islamic calendar 1970 – 1971 1837 – 1838 5016 – 5017 11915 1293 – 1294 1333 – 1334 1631 – 1632 1907 – 1908 5675 – 5676

4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• February 7 – Teoctist Arăpaşu, ExRomanian Orthodox Church Patriarch (d. 2007) • February 11 – Patrick Leigh Fermor, British author and soldier • February 14 – Ray Evans, American composer (d. 2007) • February 16 – Jim O’Hora, American college football coach (d. 2005) • February 16 – Elisabeth Eybers, South African poet (d. 2007) • February 19 – John Freeman, British politician • February 23 – Paul Tibbets, American World War II bomber pilot (Enola Gay) (d. 2007) • February 26 – Preacher Roe, American baseball player (d. 2008) • February 28 – Zero Mostel, American film and stage actor (A Funny Thing Happened On The Way To The Forum) (d. 1977) • February 28 – Peter Medawar, Brazilianborn scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1987)

1915
• April 3 – Piet de Jong, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands • April 4 – Muddy Waters, African-American musician (d. 1983) • April 7 – Albert O. Hirschman, Germanborn economist • April 7 – Billie Holiday, African-American singer (d. 1959) • April 8 – Ivan Supek, Croatian physicist, author, and human rights activist (d. 2007) • April 10 – Harry Morgan, American actor (Dragnet) • April 12 – Július Tomin, Czech writer (d. 2003) • April 15 – Elizabeth Catlett, Americanborn artist • April 21 – Anthony Quinn, Mexican actor (Zorba The Greek) (d. 2001) • April 23 – Robert Kellard, American actor (d. 1981) • April 29 – Donald Mills, lead tenor of The Mills Brothers (d. 1999) • April 30 – Elio Toaff, Italian rabbi

March-April
• March 3 – Wally Cassell, American actor • March 4 – Carlos Surinach, Spanish composer (d. 1997) • March 6 – Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, Leader of the Dawoodi Bohra Community • March 9 – John Edgar "Johnnie" Johnson, English pilot (d. 2001) • March 10 – Harry Bertoia, Italian artist and designer (d. 1978) • March 11 – Vijay Hazare, Indian cricketer (d. 2004) • March 14 – Alexander Brott, Canadian conductor and composer (d. 2005) • March 17 – Bill Roycroft, Australian equestrian • March 19 – Patricia Morison, American actress • March 20 – Sviatoslav Richter, Ukrainian pianist (d. 1997) • March 23 – Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet sniper (d. 1991) • March 27 – Robert Lockwood Jr., American musician (d. 2006) • March 30 – Arsenio Erico, Paraguayan footballer (d. 1977) • March 30 – Pietro Ingrao, Italian politician • March 31 – Albert Hourani, English historian (d. 1993)

May-June
• May 1 – Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993) • May 2 – Doris Fisher, American singer and songwriter (d. 2003) • May 3 – Stu Hart, Canadian wrestling trainer (d. 2003) • May 5 – Alice Faye, American entertainer (d. 1998) • May 6 – Orson Welles, American film director (Citizen Kane) (d. 1985) • May 6 – George Perle, American composer (d. 2009) • May 8 – Milton Meltzer, American author • May 12 – Frère Roger, Swiss founder of the Taizé Community (d. 2005) • May 15 – Hilda Bernstein, English-born author, artist, and activist (d. 2006) • May 15 – Mario Monicelli, Italian film director • May 15 – Paul Samuelson, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate • May 20 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli military leader and politician (d. 1981) • May 20 – Peter Copley, English actor (d. 2008) • May 26 – Sam Edwards, American actor (d. 2004) • May 27 – Herman Wouk, American author (The Winds of War)

5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• May 29 – Karl Münchinger, German conductor (d. 1990) • June 1 – John Randolph, American actor (d. 2004) • June 9 – Les Paul, American inventor and musician • June 10 – Saul Bellow, Canadian-born writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005) • June 10 – Peride Celal, Turkish author • June 12 – David Rockefeller, American banker and philanthropist • June 15 – Thomas Huckle Weller, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2008) • June 17 – Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist and Holocaust survivor (d. 1996) • June 17 – Mario Echandi Jiménez, President of Costa Rica • June 20 – Paul Castellano, American gangster (d. 1985) • June 24 – Sir Fred Hoyle, British astronomer (d. 2001) • June 26 – Charlotte Zolotow, American author • June 27 – Grace Lee Boggs, American feminist and author • June 28 – David Honeyboy Edwards, American musician

1915
• August 19 – Ring Lardner Jr., American film screenwriter (d. 2000) • August 22 – Hugh Paddick, British actor (d. 2000) • August 25 – Walter Trampler, American violist (d. 1997) • August 27 – Norman F. Ramsey, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate • August 28 – Tasha Tudor, American illustrator (d. 2008) • August 28 – Max Robertson, British sports commentator • August 29 – Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (d. 1982) • August 30 – Princess Lilian, Duchess of Halland • August 30 – Robert Strassburg, American composer (d. 2003)

September-October
• September 2 – Meinhardt Raabe, American actor • September 3 – Knut Nystedt, Norwegian composer • September 8 – Frank Cady, American actor • September 8 – Frank Pullen, English business person and racehorse owner (d. 1992) • September 12 – Frank McGee, American television personality (d. 1974) • September 14 – John Dobson, American astronomer • September 14 – Douglas Kennedy, American actor (d. 1973) • September 15 – Ismail Yasin, Egyptian comedian and actor (d. 1972) • September 17 – M F Husain, Indian artist • September 17 – Adolfo Sánchez Vázquez, Spanish-born philosopher • September 23 – Julius Baker, American flautist (d. 2003) • September 23 – Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001) • September 29 – Vincent DeDomenico, American entrepreneur (d. 2007) • September 30 – Lester Maddox, Governor of Georgia (d. 2003) • October 1 – T. Llew Jones, Welsh author and poet (d. 2009) • October 9 – Clifford M. Hardin, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture • October 13 – Terry Frost, English artist (d. 2003)

July-August
• July 5 – John Woodruff, American athlete (d. 2007) • July 15 – Albert Ghiorso, American nuclear scientist • July 17 – Fred Ball, American movie studio executive, actor, and the brother of comedienne Lucille Ball (d. 2007) • July 24 – Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court (d. 2004) • July 26 – Pattabhi Jois, Indian yogi • July 28 – Charles Townes, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate • July 28 – Frankie Yankovic, American accordion player (d. 1998) • July 28 – Dick Sprang,American comic book artist during the golden age of comics and an explorer (d. 2000) • August 3 – Pete Newell, Canadian-born basketball coach (d. 2008) • August 3 – Frank Arthur Calder, Canadian politician (d. 2006) • August 12 – Michael Kidd, American choreographer (d. 2007)

6

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• October 15 – Nellie Lutcher, American singer (d. 2007) • October 15 – Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli politician • October 17 – Arthur Miller, American playwright (d. 2005) • October 19 – Farid al-Atrash, Arab composer, singer, virtuoso oud player, and actor (d. 1974) • October 24 – Bob Kane, American comic book artist/writer. Creator of Batman (d. 1998) • October 24 – Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (d. 1984) • October 28 – Dody Goodman, American actress and dancer (d. 2008) • October 29 – William Berenberg, American physician (d. 2005)

1915
• December 12 – Frank Sinatra, American entertainer (d. 1998) • December 13 – Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (d. 1983) • December 17 – Robert A. Dahl, American political scientist • December 19 – Édith Piaf, French singer (d. 1963) • December 21 – Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (d. 2007) • December 22 – Barbara Billingsley, American actress (Leave It To Beaver) • December 27 – Gyula Zsengellér, Hungarian footballer (d. 1999)

Deaths
January – June
• January 14 – Richard Meux Benson, English founder of an Anglican religious order (b. 1824) • January 15 – Mary Slessor, Scottish Christian missionary (b. 1848) • February 5 – Ross Barnes, American baseball player (b. 1850) • March 4 – William Willett, English promoter of daylight saving time (b. 1856) • March 9 – François Faber, Luxembourgian cyclist (b. 1887) • March 15 – George Llewelyn-Davies, one of the ’Lost Boys’ for the Peter Pan book (b. 1893) • March 31 – Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (b. 1882) • April 16 – Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (b. 1841) • April 23 – Rupert Brooke, English poet (b. 1887) • April 23 – Frederick Fisher, Canadian VC recipient (killed in battle) (b. 1894) • April 27 – Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (b. 1872) • May 24 – Private John Condon, youngest British soldier to die during the First World War {b. c. 1901) • May 26 – Julian Grenfell, poet (killed in battle) (b. 1888) • May 31 – Victor Child Villiers, 7th Earl of Jersey, 18th Governor of New South Wales (b. 1845) • June 7 – Charles Reed Bishop, preeminent businessman and philanthropist in Hawaii (b. 1822)

November-December
• November 4 – Wee Kim Wee, 4th president of Singapore (d. 2005) • November 9 – André François, French cartoonist (d. 2005) • November 9 – Sargent Shriver, American politician • November 11 – William Proxmire, U.S. Senator (d. 2005) • November 12 – Roland Barthes, French philosopher and literary critic (d. 1980) • November 14 – Martha Tilton, British actress (d. 2006) • November 17 – David "Stringbean" Akeman, American country music banjo player (d. 1973) • November 19 – Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974) • November 25 – Augusto Pinochet, President of Chile (d. 2006) • November 25 – Stanley Wilson, American musician (d. 1970) • November 28 – Evald Okas, Estonian painter • November 30 – Brownie McGhee, American musician (d. 1996) • November 30 – Henry Taube, Canadianborn chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005) • December 7 – Eli Wallach, American actor • December 8 – Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (d. 2005) • December 9 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, German-born soprano (d. 2006)

7

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1915
• October 23 – W. G. Grace, English cricketer (b. 1948) • October 30 – Charles Tupper, Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821) • November 15 – Booker T. Washington, American educator (b. 1856) • November 28 – Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1896)

July – December
• July 2 – Porfirio Díaz, President of Mexico (b. 1830) • July 16 – Ellen G. White, American prophetess, co-founder of Seventh-Day Adventism, most translated American author (b. 1827) • August 20 – Paul Ehrlich, German scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1854) • August 26 – John Bunny American silent film comedian (b. 1863) • August 31 – Adolphe Pegoud, aviator (KIA) (b. 1889) • September 9 – Albert Spalding, baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer (b. 1850) • September 11 – William Sprague IV, America politician from Rhode Island (b. 1830) • September 13 – Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835) • September 27 – Fergus Bowes-Lyon, brother of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (killed in battle) (b. 1889) • October 12 – Edith Cavell, nurse and war heroine (shot) (b. 1865) • October 12 – Charles Sorley, British poet (killed in battle) (b. 1895)

Nobel prizes
• • • • • Chemistry – Richard Willstätter Literature – Romain Rolland Medicine – not awarded Peace – not awarded Physics – William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg

Notes
[1] "Calendar in year 1915 (Russia)" (Julian calendar), webpage: Julian-1915 (Romania used Julian in 1919, when Russia adopted Gregorian).

External links
• 1915 Coin Pictures

Table of Contents

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1915" Categories: 1915 This page was last modified on 15 May 2009, at 00:13 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

8


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:187
posted:5/22/2009
language:English
pages:8