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Philippine general election, 2004

Philippine general election, 2004
‹ 2001 2007 ›

Philippine general election, 2004 May 10, 2004

Nominee

Gloria MacapagalArroyo K4 Noli de Castro 12,905,808 39.99%

Fernando Poe, Jr.

Party Running mate Popular vote Percentage

KNP Loren Legarda 11,782,232 36.51%

The colors indicate provinces where a candidate gathered the majority of votes: Blue for Arroyo, Red for Poe, Green for Lacs and Gold for Roco. Villanueva was unable to secure a majority any of the provinces. Incumbent President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Lakas-CMD President-elect Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Lakas-CMD

Philippines

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Philippine general election, 2004
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Politics and government of the Philippines Government
Political history · Constitution

Executive President (list)
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo 2001 – 2010

Vice President (list)
Noli de Castro 2004 – 2010

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(list)

Legislative 14th Congress
2007 – 2010

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Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman

Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. In the presidential election, incumbent president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo successfully won a full sixyear term as President, with a margin of just over one million votes over her leading opponent, highly popular movie actor Fernando Poe, Jr.. The elections were notable for several reasons. This election first saw the implementation of the Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003 (see Wikisource), which enabled Filipinos in over 70 countries to vote. This is also the first election since the 1986 People Power Revolution where an incumbent President ran for re-election. Under the 1987 Constitution, an elected president cannot run for another term. However, Arroyo was not elected president, but instead succeeded ousted President Joseph Estrada, who was impeached with charges of plunder and corruption in 2000, (later he was convicted on plunder charge but he was received a pardon from Arroyo). Moreover, this was the first time since 1986 that both the winning president and vice president were under the same party/coalition. This election was also held at a period in modern Philippines marked by serious political polarization. This resulted in lesser candidates for the Presidential and Vice Presidential elections compared to the 1992 and 1998 elections.

Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Jose Melo
Elections: 2010 | 2004 | 1998 | 1992 | 1986 | All Referenda: 1987 | 1984 | 1981

Background
The political climate leading up to the 2004 elections was one of the most emotional in the country’s history since the 1986 elections that resulted in the exile of Ferdinand Marcos. Philippine society has become polarized between the followers of former president Joseph Estrada who have thrown their support for Estrada’s close associate Fernando Poe, Jr. and those who support incumbent Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, or at best oppose Estrada. The several months leading to the May elections saw several presidential scandals, Arroyo reversing her earlier decision not to run for president, the sudden but not unexpected candidacy of Fernando Poe, Jr.,

Political parties • LakasCMD • NPC • Liberal
Capital Regions Provinces

• Nacionalista • • UNO • BAYAN • •
Cities Municipalities Barangays

PDPLABAN PMP Others

Administrative divisions

Foreign relations Government Website Human rights

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defection of key political figures from the Arroyo camp to the opposition, the controversial automated elections initiative of the COMELEC, and the split of the dominant opposition party, Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino, between Poe and Panfilo Lacson.

Philippine general election, 2004
However, on January 9, 2004, Victorino X. Fornier (a private citizen) filed a case against Poe and the COMELEC, saying that Poe wasn’t eligible to run for he is not a naturalborn Filipino before the COMELEC. On the 23rd of January, the COMELEC dismissed the petition for lack of merit. On February 10, Fornier finally filed the case to the Supreme Court, seeking Poe to be disqualified from the race. His case was later merged with cases filed by Maria Jeanette C. Tecson, and Felix B. Desiderio, Jr., and by Zoilo Antonio G. Velez. Death of Lawyer Maria Jeanette Tecson On September 28, 2007, 8:30 p.m, Senior Superintendent Francisco Uyami, Pasig police chief stated that Lawyer Maria Tecson, 40, was found dead (in a state of rigor mortis) inside room 204 at the Richmond Hotel, San Miguel Avenue, Pasig City (with her throat slit and with cuts on her wrist).[1] Maria Jeanette Tecson, Zoilo Velez (promoted to Court of Appeals Justice) and Victorino Fornier filed the disqualification case against Fernando Poe, Jr. She claimed Poe was born out of wedlock and that while Poe’s birth certificate was dated 1939, his parents Allan Poe and American mother Bessie Kelly did not marry until 1940.[2] On March 3, the Supreme Court, said in its decision, that for lack of jurisdiction and prematurity, and ruling that Poe’s father, Allan F. Poe would have been a Filipino citizen by virtue of the en masse Filipinization enacted by the Philippine Bill of 1902. Also, even if Poe wasn’t a natural-born Filipino citizen, he cannot be held guilty of having made a material misrepresentation in his certificate of candidacy. See also: The Supreme Court’s decision.

Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s candidacy
On a speech given on Rizal Day, December 30, 2002, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declared that she would not run in the 2004 elections. Arroyo claimed that withdrawing from the race would relieve her of the burden of politics and allow her administration to devote the last year and half to the following: First, strengthening the economy to create more jobs and to encourage business activities that are unhampered by corruption and red tape in government. Second, healing the deep divisions within Philippine society. Third, working for clean and honest elections in 2004. This was hailed as a welcome development by many people, especially those in the business and economic sectors. Nine months later, on October 4, 2003, Arroyo completely changed her mind. Arroyo stated that her change of heart was for a higher cause and that she cannot ignore the call to further serve the country. Many people, especially those who held on to her commitment, were dismayed by her turnabout, though most were unsurprised since there had been clues months before that she would probably not stand by her earlier decision. Others welcomed this development, saying that she needs more time to implement her projects, and that she would be the strongest contender against a likely candidacy by Fernando Poe, Jr.

Eddie Gil’s candidacy
The Commission on Elections originally affirmed the candidacies of six people for the president. The sixth person running for president was Eduardo "Eddie" Gil, a known Marcos loyalist. The party of Eduardo Villanueva filed a petition with the COMELEC seeking to disqualify Eddie Gil on the basis of him being a nuisance candidate, his incapacity to mount a nationwide campaign, and that because he was running with the aim to confuse voters because of their similar names.

Fernando Poe, Jr.’s candidacy
Months before the elections, members of the opposition have been encouraging Fernando Poe, Jr., a close friend of former president Joseph Estrada to run for president. Poe was very popular with the masses and it was widely believed that he would be a sure winner if he ran for president. On November 27, 2003, Poe ended months of speculation by announcing that he will run for president during a press conference held at the Manila Hotel.

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Eddie Gil claims to be an international banker having a net worth of billions of dollars. His platform for presidency promised to make every Filipino a millionaire within his first 100 days of being elected. He also promised to pay off the Philippines’ debt, worth trillions of pesos, from his own pocket. This was widely ridiculed, especially after a recent incident in which a check he had issued to pay his hotel bills during a campaign sortie, bounced.

Philippine general election, 2004

COMELEC’s move for an automated elections
Elections in the Philippines have always been a manual process with the results for national positions often being announced more than a month after election day. An attempt to rectify this was done by the Commission on Elections by automating the process of counting the votes. More than 30 billion pesos were spent in acquiring counting machines that were never used in this elections because of numerous controversies and political opposition.

The LDP split
The Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino party (LDP) would form the core of the main opposition party, the Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP). However, members of the party disagreed on which person to support for president. Panfilo Lacson, a member of the party, advanced his candidacy for president but was not considered by Edgardo Angara, the president of the party. Angara supported Fernando Poe, Jr. Together with the party’s secretary-general Agapito "Butz" Aquino, Lacson gathered the support of some members of the party and went ahead with his candidacy. The LDP was subsequently polarized between those supporting Angara and Poe, and those for Lacson and Aquino. By then, Poe and Lacson have both filed their certificates of candidacies. According to the rules of candidacy, every presidential candidate must have a political party to back him or her. With the obvious split within the ranks of the LDP, and with no signs that the two factions would come to an agreement, the COMELEC decided to informally split the party into the Aquino and the Angara wings. Lacson then ran under the LDP - Aquino Wing, and Poe under the LDP - Angara Wing, which would later become the KNP. During the campaign period, there had been numerous unification talks between the two factions. The opposition saw the need to become united under one banner to boost their chances of winning the presidential election against the organized political machinery of Arroyo. The plans of unification did not materialize due to the stubbornness of both Poe and Lacson. Lacson wanted Poe to concede to him and run as his vice-presidential candidate while the supporters of Poe wanted Lacson to back-out from his candidacy and instead support Poe, citing his low performance in the surveys.

Timeline
2002 • December 30 - President Arroyo declares that she will not run for President in 2004. 2003 • October 4 - President Arroyo announces her intention to run for President. • November 26 - Fernando Poe, Jr. declares his intention to run for President. • December 29 - Raul Roco, together with Herminio Aquino filed their candidacies for the position of President and Vice President. Senator Panfilo Lacson filed his candidacy as President without a running mate. • December 30 - Fernando, Poe, Jr. together with running mate Senator Loren Legarda filed their candidacies for the position of President and Vice President. 2004 • January 5 - President Gloria Arroyo and Senator Noli de Castro filed their candidacies for the position of President and Vice President. • January 13 - The Supreme Court nullified a contract for the computerization of the ballot-counting process, effectively forcing the Commission on Elections to revert to the manual counting of votes. • February 10 - Start of the official campaign period for national positions • March 3 - Poe was deemed as a natural born Filipino by the Supreme Court, thereby blocking any legal obstacles for his candidacy. • March 25 - Start of the official campaign period for local positions • • May 10 - NAMFREL starts its quickcount tally.

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• May 14 - Panfilo Lacson resigns from his party, the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP). • May 14 - Grenade explodes at the General Santos City Hall where canvassing was taking place. No one was hurt. • May 17 - Opposition groups stage protest at the PICC, site of the official COMELEC canvass for senators and party-list representatives. • May 17 - Raul Roco concedes to Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. • May 19 - Fernando Poe, Jr., proclaims himself winner in Zamboanga City. • May 25 - COMELEC proclaims the top 11 senators in its official canvass. • May 28 - Congress approves the rules for the canvassing of the Certificates of Canvass for the Presidential and VicePresidential positions. • June 2 - The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines issued a statement saying that the elections were generally peaceful and that there was no sign of massive electoral fraud on a nationwide scale. • June 3 - The 12th senator, Rodolfo Biazon, was proclaimed by the COMELEC. • June 4 - Congress, through the Joint Committee, starts canvassing the votes for the President and Vice-president. • June 8 - Supreme Court votes 14-0 against the KNP petition to declare the Congressional Joint Committee as the National Board of Canvassers unconstitutional. • June 20 - The Congressional Joint Committee finishes the canvassing of votes for the President and Vice-president; Arroyo is declared the winner. • June 24 - The Congress approves the report of the Joint Committee officially proclaiming Arroyo the winner. • June 30 - Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is inaugurated in Cebu City.

Philippine general election, 2004

Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4)
The Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow) or K-4, is the remnant of the People Power Coalition that was formed following the ascendancy of president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to power. Arroyo is seeking a complete term under this coalition with Sen. Noli de Castro, an independent, yet popular, politician, as her running mate. The leading party in this coalition is the ruling Lakas-CMD, of which Arroyo is a member. Other parties under this coalition are the Liberal Party, the Nacionalista Party, the Nationalist People’s Coalition and the People’s Reform Party.

Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP)
The Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (Coalition of United Filipinos), or KNP, is the coalition of the united opposition. Its standard bearers are Fernando Poe, Jr. for president and Sen. Loren Legarda for vice-president. The leading parties of this coalition is the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDPAngara Wing), the PDP-Laban and the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino. the LDP split is caused by stubbornness between FPJ and Ping Lacson. especially with the support of the former president Joseph Estrada and former first lady Imelda Marcos. The other major party under this coalition is Estrada’s Partido ng Masang Pilipino (PMP, Party of the Filipino Masses).

Alyansa ng Pag-asa
The third major coalition running in this election is the Alyansa ng Pag-asa (Alliance of Hope), This coalition fielded Raul Roco for president and Herminio Aquino for vice-president. The three major parties supporting this coalition are Roco’s Aksyon Demokratiko (Democratic Action), former Defense Sec. Renato de Villa’s Reporma Party, and Lito Osmeña’s Promdi (Probinsya Muna [Provinces First] Development Party). The three parties were the ones that bolted out of the People Power Coalition.

Parties and coalitions
This election has seen strong shifts of alliances and new parties as candidates switched allegiances. The two major coalitions seen in this elections were the K-4 (Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan), of the administration, and the KNP (Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino), the united opposition.

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Philippine general election, 2004

Summary of the final official congressional canvass of the 10 May 2004 Philippine presidential election results
Candidate Gloria MacapagalArroyo Party Lakas-Christian and Muslim Democrats / Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan Votes % 12,905,808 39.99

Fernando Poe, Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino Jr. Panfilo Lacson Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Agapito Aquino Wing) Raul Roco Eduardo Villanueva Total Aksyon Demokratiko / Alyansa ng Pag-Asa Bangon Pilipinas Movement

11,782,232 36.51 3,510,080 2,082,762 1,988,218 10.88 6.45 6.16

32,269,100 100.0 about 35.4 million ballots were cast giving a voter turn-out of 81.4%. Shown below are the official tallies of the Presidential, Vice-Presidential, and Senatorial races as well as the last tallies of the Quickcount conducted by the National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL), the citizens’ arm of the COMELEC.

Bangon Pilipinas Movement (BPM)
The Bangon Pilipinas (Rise up, Philippines) Movement is the political party of Bro. Eddie Villanueva. It consists mostly of volunteers, a majority of whom came from Villanueva’s Jesus Is Lord church (Villanueva resigned from the church before submitting his candidacy, to prevent questions on separation of church and state).

President
Final Official Congressional Canvass NAMFREL Quickcount (Partial and Unofficial)

Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) (Aquino Wing)
This was composed of Panfilo Lacson’s supporters in the LDP Party.

Breakdown
Based on the official canvass of the Congress of the Philippines

Partido Isang Bansa, Isang Diwa
This was Eddie Gil’s organization. Gil was deemed a nuisance candidate and was disqualified from the presidential race, however, the party qualified for other positions.

Vice-President
Final Official Congressional Canvass Summary of the final official congressional canvass of the 10 May 2004 Philippine Vice Presidential election election results Candidate Party Noli de Castro Votes % Koalisyon ng 15,100,431 49.80 Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan KNP Aksyon Demokratiko /
Alyansa ng PagAsa

Election results
The official results of the election were released in staggered dates with most winners in local elective positions declared within two weeks from the May 10 election date. The winners in the Senatorial and Party-list Representative elections were declared on May 24, with the exception of the 12th senator which was announced on June 3. The results of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential races were finalized by the Congress on June 20, more than a month after the elections. Out of the 43,536,028 registered voters,

Loren Legarda Herminio Aquino

14,218,709 981,500

46.90 3.24

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Candidate Gloria MacapagalArroyo Fernando Poe, Jr. Panfilo Lacson Raul Roco Eduardo Villanueva Total: Rodolfo Pajo Total NAMFREL Quickcount (Partial and Unofficial)
Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa

Philippine general election, 2004
Votes %

Party K4 KNP
Wing)

11,272,388 39.4% 10,456,243 36.6% 11.0% 6.8% 6.2%

Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino(Agapito Aquino 3,140,494 Aksyon Demokratiko Bangon Pilipinas Movement 1,942,921 1,782,547

28,594,593 100.0% 22,244 0.06 mandate of our people as Vice President." Legarda stated that she will file a motion for reconsideration in due course.[3][4] 100.0

30,322,884

Legislative and local elections
In the legislative elections, voters elected twelve Senators (half the members of the Senate), who are elected at large with the whole country voting as one constituency, and all 208 members of the House of Representatives, who are elected from single-member districts. In the local elections, voters elected governors, vice-governors, and board members of the country’s 79 provinces, and the mayor, vice-mayor and councilors of the nation’s more than 1,600 cities and municipalities.

PET Case No. 003, Legarda v. De Castro, January 18, 2008
On January 18, 2008, in a 21-page resolution, penned by Senior Justice Leonardo Quisumbing, the Supreme Court of the Philippines, acting as the Presidential Electoral Tribunal (PET), dismissed Sen. Loren Legarda’s electoral protest against Noli de Castro. 3 reasons supported the judgment: first, the PET approved the recommendation of Hearing Commissioner and former Commission on Elections (Comelec) Chair retired SC Justice Bernardo P. Pardo that “the pilot-tested revision of ballots or re-tabulation of the certificates of canvass would not affect the winning margin of the protestee in the final canvass of the returns, in addition to the ground of abandonment or withdrawal by reason of Protestant’s candidacy for, election and assumption of the office Senator of the Philippines;” second, Legarda’s failure to pay the P 3.9 million ($ 1 = P 40) revision of ballots (in 124,404 precincts) fee despite court extension under Rule 33 of the PET; and third, jurisprudence of Defensor Santiago v. Ramos, teaches that Legarda "effectively abandoned or withdrawn her protest when she ran in the Senate, which term coincides with the term of the Vice-Presidency 2004-2010." Meanwhile, Noli De Castro on television stated: "This is the triumph of truth. The truth that I won fair and square. I thank the Supreme Court for echoing the true voice of the people. From the very beginning I was confident that I received the overwhelming

Senators
The COMELEC sits as the National Board of Canvassers for the 12 senatorial positions.

Representatives
Summary of the 10 May 2004 House of Representatives of the Philippines PartyList election result Party-list Votes %
Below is the result of the party-list vote. Most seats in the Congress are not elected through the party list system

Bayan Muna Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives Akbayan ! Citizens’ Action Party Buhay Anakpawis

1,203,305 934,995

9.4585 7.3495

852,473 705,730 538,396

6.7008 5.5473 4.2320

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Province Abra Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Aklan Albay Antique Apayao Aurora Basilan Bataan Batanes Batangas Benguet • Baguio City Biliran Bohol Bukidnon Bulacan Cagayan Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Camiguin Capiz Catanduanes Cavite Cebu • Cebu City Compostela Valley Cotabato Davao del Norte Davao del Sur • Davao City Davao Oriental Eastern Samar Guimaras Ifugao Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Iloilo • Iloilo City Arroyo 32,644 138,402 100,998 87,197 172,777 92,992 15,018 16,755 79,702 65,955 4,198 264,007 56,894 32,546 27,865 337,336 191,409 237,080 142,653 46,641 117,427 21,760 149,832 17,358 183,719 965,630 220,060 94,867 131,749 131,537 115,728 193,880 82,098 75,049 44,987 29,404 42,488 140,736 512,812 105,597 Poe 50,866 66,125 61,949 84,080 74,711 63,650 15,789 42,282 48,685 171,070 2,166 377,915 19,996 17,809 27,133 94,380 149,987 505,164 166,209 70,566 89,080 15,093 86,023 39,342 239,749 123,099 58,591 80,544 171,950 133,018 154,144 192,074 67,006 73,439 6,528 13,941 104,695 76,040 82,244 35,251

Philippine general election, 2004
Lacson 11,256 12,585 10,905 11,247 23,079 10,586 4,195 7,492 4,796 28,646 442 141,122 20,336 23,928 2,909 17,175 24,333 131,759 49,141 13,240 16,894 1,959 12,040 4,657 347,539 46,056 22,055 17,673 72,417 32,253 20,667 49,400 7,607 6,377 2,215 10,023 80,077 41,524 34,470 10,477 Roco 2,251 7,152 4,643 8,830 197,345 12,024 787 1,911 2,290 12,447 426 46,520 8,806 8,017 1,771 26,660 11,107 69,139 11,065 37,846 351,868 1,058 12,828 32,635 46,925 42,213 15,251 5,911 9,115 8,391 7,037 18,434 3,964 3,779 4,011 2,283 4,941 10,493 44,229 10,930 Villanueva 3,741 18,680 15,649 10,158 11,802 9,260 2,992 4,754 824 16,970 197 66,540 19,434 12,577 3,675 20,166 28,003 106,065 17,953 6,462 13,979 1,606 13,129 4,399 76,213 31,812 11,715 14,935 19,037 15,658 13,055 29,803 10,581 7,232 2,814 13,558 15,091 12,570 26,773 12,071

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Isabela Kalinga La Union Laguna Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Leyte Maguindanao • Cotabato City Marinduque Masbate Metro Manila • Caloocan City • Las Piñas City • Makati City • Malabon-Navotas • Mandaluyong City • Manila • Marikina • Muntinlupa City • Parañaque City • Pasay City • Pasig City • Quezon City • San Juan • Taguig-Pateros • Valenzuela City Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental • Cagayan de Oro City Mountain Province Negros Occidental • Bacolod City Negros Oriental Northern Samar Nueva Ecija Nueva Vizcaya Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Pampanga Pangasinan Quezon 153,791 33,261 56,902 195,340 130,485 158,748 332,715 199,431 8,510 24,676 112,711 86,016 60,117 65,750 43,952 34,163 186,704 43,084 40,337 53,549 39,888 61,385 223,768 13,647 53,445 42,211 125,300 111,401 62,133 24,919 479,211 105,712 260,291 57,306 160,438 40,721 34,267 81,691 54,645 642,712 445,230 170,853 250,988 18,461 169,415 477,630 137,597 50,107 250,831 63,313 29,417 43,861 94,741 151,281 58,241 81,306 106,919 42,116 269,114 50,178 60,735 54,417 63,529 91,432 258,382 16,534 74,672 73,533 69,481 180,123 77,778 11,564 283,926 51,044 119,588 122,485 476,220 57,151 78,668 124,258 185,538 84,720 487,463 336,488

Philippine general election, 2004
74,992 12,688 53,595 121,600 25,308 9,987 43,755 15,199 10,925 13,242 6,139 69,774 34,080 51,194 33,474 21,428 140,039 25,275 29,193 35,366 35,814 41,527 161,053 13,596 41,065 32,002 8,566 13,276 13,013 9,765 31,994 12,040 12,134 7,837 90,426 35,670 15,670 26,188 18,557 19,881 62,397 69,261 12,491 3,110 9,771 68,296 8,667 11,156 24,167 7,222 2,107 3,240 25,452 30,998 16,856 19,133 11,999 9,165 38,960 12,423 15,486 17,493 13,249 22,629 61,169 3,340 18,700 15,499 6,714 8,695 8,077 4,416 35,838 11,024 11,686 3,490 20,710 4,726 4,302 9,075 12,847 16,173 30,770 33,747 23,712 11,769 15,194 87,757 12,520 2,012 21,407 2,183 1,847 4,730 12,896 34,275 20,474 26,035 16,178 12,746 61,214 16,812 18,872 19,531 14,940 26,012 78,195 6,042 18,696 17,877 15,882 16,944 14,139 9,378 48,651 21,925 23,829 6,807 34,696 12,103 9,270 21,987 19,932 35,779 52,474 35,475

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Quirino Rizal Romblon Samar Sarangani Siquijor Sorsogon South Cotabato Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Sulu Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur Tarlac Tawi-Tawi Zambales Zamboanga del Sur • Zamboanga City Zamboanga Sibugay Absentee voters Total Candidate Noli de Castro Loren Legarda Herminio Aquino Rodolfo Pajo Total: Citizen’s Battle Against Corruption Gabriela Women’s Party Partido ng Manggagawa Butil Farmers Party Alliance of Volunteer Educators Alagad Veterans Freedom Party 495,193 464,586 448,072 429,259 343,498 340,977 340,759 3.8924 3.6518 3.5220 3.3742 2.7000 2.6802 2.6785 21,185 156,356 41,562 84,754 46,893 27,629 73,724 91,508 125,096 126,622 78,429 123,986 114,075 210,171 33,634 75,085 203,122 61,705 65,836 106,058 24,574 324,703 45,909 167,974 66,718 10,174 97,040 188,143 28,138 40,714 60,807 70,440 68,192 166,248 49,803 146,974 107,330 96,556 142,236 95,677 46,254 6,746

Philippine general election, 2004
1,896 52,203 2,611 4,909 3,461 981 87,025 15,423 3,365 3,214 1,903 3,179 4,863 17,847 1,383 12,846 11,086 5,632 7,472 2,707 26,355 2,082,762 Votes 13,342,530 12,505,777 920,316 22,244 26,908,172 Cooperative NATCCO Network Party Anak Mindanao Ang Laban ng Indiginong Filipino An Waray ABA-AKO Alliance for Nationalism and Democracy Senior Citizens/ Elderly Philippines Guardians Brotherhood, Inc. 6,077 61,043 9,645 8,967 8,231 1,715 8,119 29,912 5,824 6,029 418 12,030 16,924 29,461 321 14,669 13,467 20,213 8,311 14,077 27,635 1,988,218 % 49.6% 46.5% 3.4% 0.1% 100.00% 2.1298 2.1204 2.1172 2.1079 1.9777 1.9190 1.8595 1.6795

106,063 8,649 11,441 17,258 1,773 10,277 105,410 6,258 60,189 5,095 17,158 10,481 40,833 2,379 34,540 8,750 9,654 29,422 3,913 29,254 3,510,080

Zamboanga del Norte 207,175

12,905,808 11,782,232 Party K4 KNP Aksyon Demokratiko /
Alyansa ng Pag-Asa Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa

270,950 269,750 269,345 268,164 251,597 244,137 236,571 213,662

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Philippine general election, 2004

Summary of the 10 May 2004 Senate of the Philippines election results
Rank Candidate 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. Manuel A. Roxas II Ramon B. Revilla Jr. Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr. Maria Ana Consuelo Madrigal-Valade Richard J. Gordon Pilar Juliana CayetanoSebastian Miriam Defensor-Santiago Alfredo S. Lim Juan Ponce Enrile Jose E. Estrada Manuel M. Lapid Rodolfo G. Biazon Robert Z. Barbers Ernesto M. Maceda John Henry R. Osmeña Orlando S. Mercado Robert S. Jaworski Maria Elisa C. Anson-Roa Francisco S. Tatad Heherson T. Alvarez Ernesto F. Herrera Perfecto R. Yasay, Jr. Francisco I. Chavez Carlos M. Padilla Salvador H. Escudero III Amina T. Rasul Jose Y. Sonza Parouk S. Hussin Didagen P. Dilangalen Melanio L. Mauricio, Jr. Pilar V. Pilapil Eduardo Nonato N. Joson Edgar U. Ilarde Nicanor B. Gatmaytan Jr. Party K-4 - Liberal Party K-4 - Lakas CMD KNP - PDP-LABAN KNP - LDP K-4 - Lakas CMD K-4 - Lakas CMD K-4 - PRP KNP - Independent KNP - PMP KNP - PMP K-4 - Lakas CMD K-4 - Liberal Party K-4 - Lakas CMD KNP - NPC K-4 - Independent K-4 - Lakas CMD K-4 - Lakas-CMD KNP - PMP KNP - Independent Independent (LDP-Aquino Wing) KNP - Independent Aksyon Demokratiko (Alyansa ng Pagasa) REPORMA-LM (Alyansa ng Pag-asa) Indepndent (LDP-Aquino Wing) KNP - Independent KNP - PDP-LABAN Aksyon Demokratiko K-4 - Lakas-CMD KNP - PMP Aksyon Demokratiko (Alyansa ng Pagasa) Independent Aksyon Demokratiko (Alyansa ng Pagasa) Independent REPORMA-LM (Alyansa ng Pag-asa) Votes 19,372,888 15,801,531 13,519,998 13,253,692 12,707,151 12,542,054 12,187,401 11,286,428 11,191,162 11,094,120 10,970,941 10,635,270 10,624,585 9,944,328 9,914,179 8,295,024 6,921,425 5,873,845 5,718,740 4,791,085 4,612,036 4,408,808 4,286,838 3,863,693 3,780,469 3,456,480 2,839,442 2,821,522 2,222,069 1,144,279 692,137 631,041 527,865 453,693

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35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. Olivia G. Coo Oliver O. Lozano Alvin Alvincent G. Almirante Ramon E. Montaño Matuan A. Usop Angel C. Rosario Ismael D. Aparri Norma C. Nueva Carmen X. Borja Pendatun M. Decampong Gerardo A. del Mundo El Cid C. Fajardo Iderlina P. Pagunuran Arturo V. Estuita

Philippine general election, 2004
338,846 238,272 206,097 159,735 137,376 98,932 97,430 96,129 95,755 94,713 88,962 79,471 59,712 39,094

Aksyon Demokratiko (Alyansa ng Pagasa) KBL KBL
Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa

KBL
Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa

Independent
Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa

Note: A total of 48 candidates ran for senator. Anak ng Bayan 213,068

Source: Philippine Commission on Elections

1.6748 1.5831 1.4897 1.4641 1.2930 1.2887

Exit polls
During and immediately after the elections, exit polls were conducted by various organizations including the Social Weather Stations. An exit poll conducted by the SWS in Metro Manila showed that Arroyo won by a wide margin. SWS later admitted that it made a huge error in its Metro Manila exit poll. The SWS exit poll said Mrs Arroyo won 34 percent of the vote in Metro Manila against Poe’s 25 percent. The official count showed Poe winning Metro Manila by 37 percent against the President’s 26 percent. A nationwide exit poll conducted by a research group called Proberz, on the other had, showed that Poe won the elections with 38% of the total 4,010 respondents against Arroyo’s 34%. The poll showed Poe leading in Regions II, III, IV-A, IV-B, VIII, IX, XII, Metro Manila, and the ARMM. GMA thriumphed over Poe in the rest of the regions. In the vice-presidential race, the exit poll indicates that Legarda won with 51% or the votes, followed by De Castro with 46%. On January 25, 2008, Pulse Asia survey (commissioned by Genuine Opposition (GO) per former Senator Sergio Osmeña III) stated that 58% percent of Filipinos in Mindanao believed that President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo cheated in the Philippine general election, 2004. 70% also "believed that because of recurring allegations of election fraud, the

Trade Union Congress 201,396 Party Sanlakas Bigkis Pinoy Movement Suara Bangsamoro Cocofed - Philippine Coconut Producers Federation, Inc. Sagip-Katwa Foundation, Inc. Aksyon Sambayan People’s Movement against Poverty Barangay Association for National Advancement and Transparency Abay Pamiliya Foundation, Inc. SMILE Abanse! Pinay Total Source: COMELEC 189,517 186,264 164,494 163,952

161,797 156,467 144,740 143,454

1.2718 1.2299 1.1377 1.1276

133,952 133,425 115,855 12,721,952

1.0529 1.0488 0.9107

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Philippine general election, 2004

Summary of the 10 May 2004 House of Representatives of the Philippines election results
Parties
This is the division of seats as published on the website of the House of Representatives. The first party affiliation mentioned is counted. This is not the result of the elections.

Seats

Lakas-Christian and Muslim Democrats Nationalist People’s Coalition Liberal Party Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino Nacionalista Party Philippine Democratic Socialist Party Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino Buhay Aksyon Demokratiko Partido ng Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan Kilusang Bagong Lipunan Sarro Alayon Partido Magdala Akbayan ! Citizens’ Action Party Bayan Muna (Nation First) Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives Anakpawis (Toiling Masses) Butil Farmers Party Coop VFP Amin Ave Alagad Gabriela Women’s Party An Waray Workers’ Party (Partido ng Manggagawa) Alif Citizen’s Battle Against Corruption (Cibac) Non-partisans Total Source: Congress Web site credibility of the balloting process Mindanao was at a record low."[5] in

79 40 34 26 7 5 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12 235

Official Congressional canvass
Under the constitution, the Congress is mandated to become the National Board of Canvassers for the top two positions, the

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President and the Vice-President. Tallying in the 216,382 precincts nationwide are submitted in Election Returns that are forwarded to the municipal and city board of canvassers. These are then tabulated and forwarded to the provincial board of canvassers which prepare the 176 Certificates of Canvass (CoC). These CoCs were forwarded to the joint session of the Congress at the Batasang Pambansa in Quezon City on May 25, 2004. Senators and representatives from the administration and opposition have debated heatedly on the procedure of counting the CoCs. The traditional way of counting the certificates, as used in the 1992 and 1998 elections, was to appoint a joint committee consisting of seven senators and seven representatives. Many opposition legislators, notably, Cong. Didagen Dilangalen of Maguindanao, opposed this traditional method as unconstitutional saying that it should be the whole Congress, not a committee, who should count the votes. Part of the argument was that "power delegated cannot be further delegated", referring to the delegation of counting to a committee. The proposal of some legislators was for the whole Congress to sit in a joint session counting each and every single Certificate of Canvass. The debates and deliberations for the rules of canvassing were finished by the Congressional joint session on May 28. The rules decided were very similar to the ones used in the 1992 and 1998 elections, which called for a joint committee to act as the National Board of Canvassers. The notable difference is the increase of the number of committee members from 14 to 22, this time consisting of 11 senators and 11 representatives. The composition of the committee was also announced by the Senate President, Franklin Drilon, and the Speaker of the House, Jose de Venecia. The composition was immediately lambasted by the Opposition; the House portion of the committee consisted of 9 administration representatives and 2 opposition. The Poe camp called for a more equal representation for all the involved political parties in the committee, despite the appointed commission mirroring the current composition of the House: there are 190 administration representatives in a 220-seat House. The official canvassing by the Congressional Joint Committee started on June 4, a little less than one month after election day. Canvassing was done in a slow pace,

Philippine general election, 2004
averaging about 12 Certificates of Canvass per day, as the Opposition accused Administration politicians of railroading the canvass. The Opposition lawyers wanted to question the validity of 25 CoCs, especially in those areas where Arroyo posted a wide margin over Poe. They wanted the Committee to examine the Statement of Votes at the municipal level and even down to the Election Returns at the precinct level to prove their claim that the Certificates of Canvass have been tampered with in favor of Arroyo. Administration lawyers contend that the Committee is not the proper place to lodge complaints of fraud and that the Opposition should go to the Presidential Election Tribunal (the Supreme Court) after the winner has been proclaimed.

Election scandal
In June 2004, two investigative writers Antonio Abaya and Roberto Verzola, analyzing the results independently of each other, separately published their conclusion that the discrepancies between the official count by Congress and the citizens’ tally by NAMFREL indicated significant cheating by winning candidate Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. [1]. However, few paid attention to the allegations, and Macapagal-Arroyo was proclaimed winner on June 24, 2004 [2]. Verzola’s findings that "Gloria Macapagal Arroyo did not win by around 1.1 million votes over Fernando Poe Jr." and that "it was a very close contest, with the most probable results ranging from a GMA win of around 156,000 votes or less, to an FPJ win of around 84,000 votes or less" were subsequently published in Kasarinlan, an internationally-refereed academic journal published by the country’s top university, the University of the Philippines [3] On the night of December 11, 2004, Poe was admitted into Saint Luke’s Medical Center in Quezon City, after complaining of dizziness at a gathering in his production studio premise. He suffered from a stroke and slipped into a coma while being treated for a brain clot. On December 14, Poe died due to a massive stroke. By this time, allegations were rife that Arroyo cheated in the elections. On June 10, 2005, Samuel Ong, a former deputy director of the country’s National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) said that he is

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a source of a set of original audio tapes of a wiretapped conversation between President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and an official of the Commission on Elections, allegedly Virgilio Garcillano. The contents of the tape allegedly proves, according to Ong, that the 2004 national election was rigged by Arroyo and that she is not the real winner of the said election. If the Supreme Court declares that Arroyo cheated and rigged the 2004 elections, Vice President De Castro would become President, that is if he is found to be innocent of poll fraud charges brought by Poe’s running mate Loren Legarda.

Philippine general election, 2004

Media sites and articles
• Eleksyon 2004 (Media website) • 4 exit polls have 3 different winners Philippine Daily Inquirer • Proberz exit polls: FPJ winner • Congress approves canvassing rules Philippine Daily Inquirer • SWS admits it made errors in exit poll Philippine Daily Inquirer

Others
• On Election Polls: Part IV WHO DID BETTER - SWS OR PULSE ASIA? - Dr. Romula A. Virola • Dec. 30, 2002 Arroyo speech declaring her intention not to run • P.E.T. Case No. 003, Legarda vs. De Castro

See also
• • • • • Commission on Elections Politics of the Philippines Philippine elections President of the Philippines 13th Congress of the Philippines

References
[1] Inquirer.net, Lawyer found dead in Pasig hotel [2] GMA NEWS.TV, Laywer who filed DQ case vs FPJ found dead in Ortigas hotel [3] Abs-Cbn Interactive, PET junks Loren’s VP electoral protest [4] supremecourt.gov.ph/news, PET Junks Legarda’s Poll Protest against VP De Castro [5] GMA NEWS.TV, Most Mindanaoans believe Arroyo cheated in ’04 polls Pulse

External links
General sites
• Philippine Presidency Project • Philippine Commission on Elections • National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL)

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