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Texas Tech University

Texas Tech University
Texas Tech University Mascot: Affiliations: Masked Rider Raider Red Texas Tech University System Big 12 Conference www.ttu.edu

Website:

Logos are trademarks of Texas Tech University. Enrollment figures are as of Fall 2008.[7]

Motto: Established: Type: Endowment: President: Faculty: Students: Undergraduates: Postgraduates: Doctoral students: Location:

From here, it’s possible.[1] February 10, 1923 State university US$792.8 million[2] Guy Bailey[3] 2,482[4] 28,422 23,662 4,760 693 Lubbock, Texas, U.S. 33°35′05″N 101°52′48″W / 33.584830°N 101.879990°W / 33.584830; -101.879990Coordinates: 33°35′05″N 101°52′48″W / 33.584830°N 101.879990°W / 33.584830; -101.879990 Urban, 1,839 acres (7.44 km2) Scarlet and Black [5]
[6]

Campus: Colors: Nickname:

Red Raiders

Texas Tech University (TTU) is a public, coeducational, research university in Lubbock, Texas. Established on February 10, 1923, and originally known as Texas Technological College, it is the leading institution of the Texas Tech University System and has the seventh largest student body in the state of Texas. With 1,839 acres (7.44 km2), it has the second largest contiguous campus in the United States and is the only school in Texas to house an undergraduate institution, law school, and medical school at the same location. The university offers degrees in more than 150 courses of study through 13 colleges and hosts 60 research centers and institutes. Texas Tech University has awarded over 200,000 degrees since 1927, including over 40,000 graduate and professional degrees. The Carnegie Foundation classifies Texas Tech as having "high research activity." Research projects in the areas of epidemiology, pulsed power, grid computing, nanophotonics, and wind energy are among the most prominent at the university. The Spanish Renaissance-themed campus, described by author James Michener as "the most beautiful west of the Mississippi until you get to Stanford", has been awarded the Grand Award for excellence in grounds-keeping, and has been noted for possessing a public art collection among the ten best in the United States. The Texas Tech Red Raiders are members of the Big 12 Conference (South Division) and compete in Division I for all varsity sports. The Red Raiders football team has made 32 bowl appearances, which is 19th most of any university. The men’s basketball

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team has made 14 appearances in the NCAA Division I Tournament. Bob Knight, the winningest coach in men’s NCAA D-1 basketball history, served as the team’s head coach from 2001 to 2008. The Lady Raiders women’s basketball team won the 1993 women’s national championship. In 1999, Texas Tech’s Goin’ Band from Raiderland received the Sudler Trophy, which is awarded to "recognize collegiate marching bands of particular excellence". Though the majority of the university’s students originate in the southwestern United States, the school has served students from all 50 states and more than 100 foreign countries. Texas Tech University alumni and former students have gone on to prominent careers in government, business, science, medicine, education, sports, and entertainment.

Texas Tech University
university system would better serve the needs of the region.[12] On February 10, 1923, Neff signed the legislation creating Texas Technological College, and in July of that year a committee began searching for a site.[11] When the members of the committee visited Lubbock, they were overwhelmed to find residents lining the streets to show support for the idea of hosting the institution.[13][14] That August, Lubbock was chosen on the first ballot over other area towns, including Floydada, Plainview, and Sweetwater.[13] Construction of the college campus began on November 1, 1924.[9] Ten days later, the cornerstone of the Administration Building was laid in front of a crowd of twenty thousand people. Governor Pat Neff, Amon G. Carter, Reverend E. E. Robinson, Colonel Ernest O. Thompson, and Representative R. M. Chitwood spoke at the event.[15] With an enrollment of 914 students—both men and women—Texas Technological College opened for classes on October 1, 1925.[16][17][18] It was originally composed of four schools—Agriculture, Engineering, Home Economics, and Liberal Arts.[12] Texas Tech grew slowly in the early years. Military training was conducted at the college as early as 1925, but formal ROTC training did not commence until 1936. By 1939, the school’s enrollment had grown to 3,890. Though enrollment declined during World War II, Texas Tech trained 4,747 men in its armed forces training detachments.[12] Following the war, in 1946, the college saw its enrollment leap to 5,366 from a low of 1,696 in 1943.[19] By the 1960s, the school had expanded its offerings to more than just technical subjects.[20] The Faculty Advisory Committee suggested changing the name to "Texas State University", feeling the phrase "Technological College" was insufficient to define the scope of the institution.[21] While most students supported this change, the Board of Directors and many alumni, wanting to preserve the Double-T logo, opposed it.[22] Other names—University of the Southwest, Texas Technological College and State [23] and The Texas University of University, Art, Science and Technology—were considered,[24] but the Board of Directors chose Texas Tech University, submitting it to the state legislature in 1964. A failed move by Governor John Connally to have the school

History

Administration Building (c. 1925) The call to open a college in West Texas began shortly after the arrival of settlers in the area in the 1880s.[8][9] In 1917, the Texas legislature passed a bill creating a branch of Texas A&M to be located in Abilene.[10] However, the bill was repealed two years later during the next session after it was discovered that Governor James E. Ferguson had falsely reported the site committee’s choice of location. After new legislation passed votes in the state house and senate in 1921, Governor Pat Neff vetoed it, citing hard financial times in West Texas. Furious about Neff’s veto, some in West Texas went so far as to recommend that West Texas secede from the state.[11] In 1923, the legislature decided that, rather than a branch campus, an entirely new

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Texas Tech University
languages, social sciences, communications, philosophy, electrical and petroleum engineering, art, and architecture. Some other buildings were significantly expanded.[29] On May 29, 1969, the 61st Texas Legislature created the Texas Tech University School of Medicine.[30] The Texas Legislature expanded the medical school charter in 1979, creating the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. TTUHSC, which is now part of the Texas Tech University System, includes Schools of Allied Health Sciences, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. It has locations in four Texas cities in addition to the main campus in Lubbock.[31]

Administration Building placed into the Texas A&M University System, as well as continued disagreement and heated debate regarding the school’s new name, kept the name change from being approved.[20][21] In spite of objections by many students and faculty, the Board of Directors again submitted the change in 1969. It finally received the legislature’s approval on June 6 and the name Texas Tech University went into effect that September.[24] All of the institution’s schools, except Law, became colleges.[12][25] The university was integrated in 1961 when three African-American students were admitted. After its initial rejection of the students’ enrollment and the threat of a subsequent lawsuit, the university enacted a policy to admit "all qualified applicants regardless of color".[26] The university offered its first athletic scholarship to a black student in 1967, when Danny Hardaway was recruited to play for the Red Raiders football team.[27] In 1970, Hortense W. Dixon became the first African-American student to earn a doctorate from the university.[28] In the 1960s and 1970s, the university invested US$150 million in the campus to construct buildings for the library, foreign English and Philosophy Building In 1996, the Texas Tech Board of Regents created the Texas Tech University System. John Montford was selected as the first chancellor to lead the combined academic enterprise.[32] Regents Chair Edward Whitacre, Jr., stated that the move was made due to the size and complexity of the institution. "It’s time", he said, "to take the university into the 21st century..."[29] The Texas Tech University system originally included Texas Tech University and Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. On November 6, 2007, the Texas Legislature ratified an amendment to the Texas Constitution re-aligning Angelo State University with the Texas Tech University System.[33] Kent Hance, a former United States Congressman and Texas Tech University graduate, assumed the duties of chancellor on December 1, 2006.[34] Even though growth continued at Texas Tech, the university was not immune to controversy. In 2003, a third-year student at the Texas Tech School of Law filed suit against the university over its policy on free speech zones, which restricted student speech to a single "free speech gazebo".[35] The following

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year, a federal judge declared the policy unconstitutional.[35][36][37] To meet the demands of its increased enrollment and expanding research, the university has invested more than $548 million in new construction since 2000. It has also received more than $65.9 million in private donations.[29] In April 2009, the Texas House passed a bill that will increase state funding for seven public universities. Texas Tech University is classified by the state as an "Emerging Research University" and is among the universities that will receive additional state funding for advancement toward "Tier 1" status. Three funds—the Research University Development Fund, the Texas Research Incentive Program, and the National Research University Benchmark Fund—have been established and will provide $500 million in grants and matching funds during fiscal years 2010 and 2011.[38]

Texas Tech University
the Western United States in its 2009 edition.[44][45] The 2008 Shanghai Jiao Tong Rankings placed Texas Tech University at 302 worldwide, which tied it with fellow Big 12 schools, Oklahoma and Kansas State, among others.[46] In its 2008 edition, U.S. News & World Report ranked the university as a "Tier 3" national university with a "selective" admissions policy.[47] As a state public university, Texas Tech is subject to Texas House Bill 588, which guarantees Texas high school seniors in the top 10 percent of their graduating class admission to any public Texas university. In 2008, 21 percent of incoming freshmen were admitted in this manner. Approximately half of incoming freshmen finished in the top quarter of their graduating class.[48] Texas Tech University is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.[49] The university offers 150 bachelor’s, 104 master’s, and 59 doctoral degree programs.[50] Texas Tech has five satellite campuses located in Texas—in Abilene, Amarillo, Fredericksburg, Highland Lakes, and Junction.[51] There are also two satellite campuses in Europe, located in Quedlinburg, Germany and Seville, Spain.[52] Additional study-abroad programs are offered in various countries, such as Denmark, England, and Italy.[53] The Office of International Affairs supports and facilitates the international mission of Texas Tech University. It provides services for faculty and students, offers international educational and cultural experiences for the school and community, and contributes to the university’s globalization process and its effort to grow as an international educational and research center. The International Cultural Center provides a continual series of conferences, lectures, art exhibitions, and performances.[54]

Academic profile

Civil Engineering Building By enrollment, Texas Tech is the seventh largest university in Texas and the largest institution of higher education in the western two-thirds of the state. It had a 2007/08 enrollment of 28,260 students.[39] Most of the students came from Texas (85.17%), followed by New Mexico, California, Oklahoma, Colorado, and Kansas.[40] Altogether, the university has educated students from all 50 U.S. states and over 100 foreign countries.[41] Enrollment has continued to increase in recent years and growth is on track with a plan to have 40,000 students by the year 2020.[42] Since 1927, the university has awarded 160,007 bachelor’s, 30,985 master’s, 5,197 doctoral, and 6,477 law degrees.[43] The Princeton Review ranked Texas Tech among the 117 best colleges in

Colleges and schools
Texas Tech has expanded from its original four schools to comprise ten colleges and two schools.[50] In 2008, the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources ranks among the 30 largest schools of agriculture in the country by enrollment.[55] In the 2009 U.S. News & World Report report on higher education, the Whitacre College of Engineering was ranked 78th in the nation.[56] The previous year, the college’s

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Petroleum Engineering Department within the college was ranked 10th best in the nation.[57][58] The college offers twelve engineering programs accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology.[59] On November 12, 2008, following a $25 million gift from from AT&T in honor of alumnus Edward E. Whitacre, Jr, the college was formally renamed the Edward E. Whitacre, Jr. College of Engineering.[60]

Texas Tech University
degrees in applied and professional studies, design, human development, nutrition, hospitality, and retailing. The College of Architecture was founded in 1927 and offers programs accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board.[62] The Rawls College of Business, which is accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, is the university’s business school.[63] In 2009 Business Week ranked it 36th best among approximately 800 U.S. public business schools.[64] The school offers bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees in business discip[65][66] From its origin in 1942, the busilines. ness school was known as the Division of Commerce, until it was renamed the College of Business Administration in 1956. In 2000, following a $25 million gift from alumnus Jerry S. Rawls, the school was formally renamed the Jerry S. Rawls College of Business Administration.[12]

Chemistry Building The largest academic division on campus, the College of Arts and Sciences offers bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees in a wide range of subjects from philosophy to mathematics. In 2004, the College of Mass Communications and the College of Visual and Performing Arts were created from programs that had belonged to the College of Arts and Sciences. The College of Mass Communications offers degrees in several areas, including journalism, advertising, and public relations. Programs offered through the College of Visual and Performing Arts are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design, the National Association of Schools of Music, and the National Association of Schools of Theatre.[61] Once the Division of Home Economics, the College of Human Sciences now offers

Architecture Building In 1967, both the College of Education and the Texas Tech University School of Law were founded. The College of Education instructs future teachers and is accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education. The School of Law is an American Bar Association-accredited law school on the main campus in Lubbock.[61] The school offers Juris Doctor degrees which can be earned in conjunction with Master of Business Administration or Master of Science degrees through the adjacent Rawls College of Business. In 2008, the law school had an 89.1% bar exam pass rate, placing it 49th among U.S. law schools.[67] All graduate programs offered at Texas Tech University are overseen by the Graduate School, which was officially established in 1954. The university’s Honors College allows select students to design a customized

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curriculum that incorporates a broad range of disciplines, and offers students the opportunity for early admission into Texas Tech University’s medical and law schools. In September 2008, the university added the College of Outreach and Distance Education. The college was created by bringing together the Division of Off-Campus Sites and the Division of Outreach and Distance Education. Texas Tech’s six in-state satellite campuses are under the auspices of the college. Additionally, it oversees the Texas Tech University Independent School District.[68] The Texas Tech University System also operates a medical school, the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. It offers Schools of Allied Health Sciences, Biomedical Sciences, Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy. While it is a discrete entity, separate from Texas Tech University, it offers joint degrees (such as MD/MBA) through coordination with the university. Further, the Health Sciences Center is located on the university’s main campus in Lubbock. In addition to the Lubbock campus, TTUHSC has campuses located in Abilene, Amarillo, El Paso, and Odessa.

Texas Tech University
on humans are expected to begin by 2010.[71][72][73] Texas Tech researchers also hold the exclusive license for HemoTech, a human blood substitute composed of bovine hemoglobin. HemoBioTech, the company marketing the technology, believes that HemoTech will diminish the intrinsic toxicities that have stifled previous attempts to develop a human blood substitute.[74] On January 14, 2008, Texas Tech University announced the creation of the West Texas Influenza Research Center. The university has concluded human clinical testing of oral interferon in a five-year study of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and continues its study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.[75] Following the May 11, 1970, Lubbock Tornado that caused 26 fatalities and over $100 million in damage in Lubbock, the Wind Science and Engineering Research Center (WISE) was established. The WISE Center, which includes 56,000 square feet (5,200 m2) of indoor laboratory space, is focused on research, education, and information outreach.[76] The interdisciplinary research program studies methods to exploit the beneficial qualities of wind and to mitigate its detrimental effects. The Center offers education in wind-science and engineering to develop professionals who are experts in creating designs which deal effectively with problems caused by high winds. WISE Center researchers contributed significantly to the development of the Enhanced Fujita Scale for rating the strength of tornadoes.[77]

Research

Texas Tech, in collaboration with Harvard University, has developed a treatment that may be a cure for HIV. Classified by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with "high activity",[69] Texas Tech University hosts 60 research centers and institutes.[70] In 2008, a team of researchers from Texas Tech University and Harvard University announced the development of a siRNA-based treatment that may ultimately counteract the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Human cells infected with HIV, injected into rats, have been cured by the experimental treatment. Clinical trials

Texas Tech alumnus Rick Husband was the final commander of the Space Shuttle Columbia.

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Texas Tech has made numerous contributions to NASA projects. Daniel Cooke, Computer Science Department Chair, and his colleagues are working to develop the technical content of the Intelligent Systems Program, and have been awarded a five-year budget valued at $350 million.[78] University scientists have also teamed with NASA’s guidance, navigation, and control engineers to develop the Onboard Abort Executive (OAE), software capable of quickly deciding the best course of action during an ascent failure.[79][80] The Texas Tech Space Research Initiative has also partnered with NASA to perfect methods for growing fresh vegetables in space and to determine the most efficient ways to recycle wastewater.[81] In November 1996, the university dedicated the Charles A. Bassett II Pulse Laboratory to honor engineering alumnus and Gemini-era astronaut Charles A. Bassett II.[82] In total, Texas Tech has helped to produce four astronauts: Bassett, Bernard A. Harris, Jr., Paul Lockhart, and Rick Husband, the final commander of space shuttle Columbia.[83][84] In 2008, the pulsed power electronics laboratory received $4 million in federal funding. Among other things, the money will be used to create compact generators for weapon systems designed to destroy improvised explosive devices (IEDs).[85] The College of Engineering’s Nano Tech Center has received approximately $20 million in grants toward its work in applied nanophotonics, the creation and manipulation of advanced materials at the nanoscale that can produce and sense light.[86] Texas Tech’s Center for Advanced Analytics and Business Intelligence performs grid computing research through collaboration with the SAS Institute that seeks to improve the speed with which large quantities of data (such as those present in genomics and global economics) can be processed.[87] Texas Tech’s College of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources has received state and federal grants for research projects including the fiber properties of cotton, the antibacterial properties of cotton fabric, and the development of chemical-warfare protective fabrics.[88] The college has also created two grass variants, Shadow Turf, a droughttolerant turf grass that thrives in shade, and Tech Turf (marketed as Turffalo), a turf grass with the rich color and texture of Bermuda and the resilience of buffalo grass.[89][90]

Texas Tech University

Campus

Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library Situated on 1,839 acres (7.44 km2), Texas Tech has the second largest contiguous university campus in the United States.[91][92] The Lubbock campus is home to the main academic university, law school, and medical school (Health Sciences Center). This arrangement makes it the only institution in Texas to have all three units (undergraduate institution, law school, and medical school) on the same campus.[93][94] The campus, which boasts Spanish Renaissance architecture, was described by American author James Michener as the "most beautiful west of the Mississippi until you get to Stanford" and by Stewart Mandel of Sports Illustrated as "easily one of the ten most beautiful campuses" he had seen.[95][96][97][98] Many buildings on campus borrow architectural elements from those found at University de Alcalá in Alcalá de Henares, Spain, and Mission San José in San Antonio, Texas.[99] In 2008, the Professional Grounds Management Society awarded Texas Tech the Grand Award for excellence in grounds-keeping.[100] In 1998 the Board of Regents created the Texas Tech University Public Art Collection to enliven the campus environment and extend the educational mission of the university. It is funded by using one percent of the estimated total cost of each new building on campus.[101] The collection features pieces from artists such as Tom Otterness and Glenna Goodacre. The Texas Tech University Public Art Collection is ranked among the ten best university public art collections in the United States by Public Art Review.[102][103] The university also hosts the Museum of Texas Tech University, which was founded in

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Texas Tech University
institution to sign a formalized exchange agreement with the State Records and Archives Department of Vietnam. This opens the door for a two-way exchange between the entities.[109][110]

Student life

Pfluger Fountain 1929 and is accredited by the American Association of Museums.[104] The museum is home to over three million objects and specimens and houses the Moody Planetarium, art galleries, a sculpture court, and a natural science research laboratory. The museum also operates the Val Verde County research site and the Lubbock Lake Landmark,[105] an archaeological site and natural history preserve in the city of Lubbock. The site has evidence of 12,000 years of use by ancient cultures on the Llano Estacado (Southern High Plains), and allows visitors to watch active archaeological digs. Visiting scientists and tourists may also participate in the discovery process. Lubbock Lake Landmark is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and is a designated National Historic and State Archaeological Landmark.[106] Located on the northern edge of the campus is the National Ranching Heritage Center, a museum of ranching history. The site spans 14 acres (5.7 ha) and is home to 38 historic structures that have been restored to their original condition. Structures represented at the center include: a linecamp, a dugout, a bunkhouse, a blacksmith shop, a cowchip house, a schoolhouse, corrals, shipping pens, windmills, chuckwagons, and a coal-burning locomotive.[107] The university maintains a number of libraries, some general-purpose and some dedicated to specific topics such as architecture and law. Among the most notable of these are the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library and the Vietnam Archive, the nation’s largest and most comprehensive collections of information on the Vietnam War.[108] On August 17, 2007, the Texas Tech Vietnam Center became the first U.S.

Goin’ Band from Raiderland There are over 390 student clubs and organizations at Texas Tech.[111] Many students participate in Greek Life.[112] The Student Union Building, located centrally on campus, is the hub of daily student activity. It houses restaurants, coffee shops, a book store, meeting rooms, lecture halls, movie rooms, and study areas as well as the offices and meeting rooms of several student organizations and the Student Government Association. Directly adjacent to the Student Union Building is the School of Music, home of the Texas Tech Goin’ Band from Raiderland. The 450-member band, which was awarded the Sudler Trophy in 1999, performs at all home football games and at various other events.[113] Approximately 20 percent of students live on campus, and most students live on campus for at least a portion of their academic careers.[114][115] Students with less than 30 hours of academic credit are required to live in university housing unless they receive an exemption. Specific dorms and communities exist for married students, graduate students, athletes, and various specific interests and academic disciplines.[116] International honor societies Phi Beta Kappa (liberal arts & sciences), Beta Gamma Sigma (business), and Tau Beta Pi (engineering) have chapters at the university.[117][118][119] Professional, service, and social fraternities and sororities on campus include Alpha Phi Omega (service), Delta

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Texas Tech University
eight times over a period of more than twenty years, Texas Tech was admitted to the Southwest Conference on May 12, 1956.[126] When the Southwest Conference disbanded in 1995, Texas Tech, along with the University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M University, and Baylor University, merged with the Big 8 Conference to form the Big 12.[127]

Student Union Building Sigma Pi (business), Phi Alpha Delta (law), Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia (music), and Tau Beta Sigma (band).[120][121][122][123][124] Professional development and research organizations hosted by the university include the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program, the Center for the Integration of Science Education and Research, the Society of Engineering Technologists, Student Bar Association, and the Texas Tech Forensic Union. Spirit organizations representing Texas Tech include the High Riders, Saddle Tramps, and the Sabre Flight Drill Team. The university formerly maintained KTXTFM 88.1, a student radio station focusing on alternative, indie rock, industrial, and hip hop music. After 47 years, the station went off the air on December 10, 2008.[125] National Public Radio station KOHM 89.1, which features classical music and news, is also found on campus. Additionally, the university owns and operates Public Broadcasting Service television station KTXT-TV. Students run a daily newspaper, The Daily Toreador, until 2005 known as The University Daily. The university also produces a yearbook, La Ventana.

Tech in action in 2007 Of its varsity sports, Texas Tech’s women’s basketball team has been the only one to claim a national title. The Lady Raiders, led by player Sheryl Swoopes and head coach Marsha Sharp, won the 1993 NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship.[128] The men’s basketball team has made 14 appearances in the NCAA Men’s Division I Tournament. Bob Knight served as men’s basketball coach from the beginning of the 2001 season until February 4, 2008. On January 1, 2007, he became the winningest coach in men’s NCAA Division I basketball history, when the Red Raiders defeated the New Mexico Lobos, 70–68.[129] Upon Knight’s retirement, his son Pat Knight became the head coach of the team.[130] Since 1999, home basketball games have been played at United Spirit Arena, a 15,020-seat multi-purpose facility which cost $62 million to build.[131] In addition to

Athletics
See also: Texas Tech Red Raiders baseball, Texas Tech Red Raiders men’s basketball, and Texas Tech Red Raiders football Texas Tech’s men’s athletic teams are known as the Red Raiders and the women’s athletic teams are known as the Lady Raiders. Texas Tech competes in NCAA Division I-A and is a member of the South Division of the Big 12 Conference. From 1932 until 1956, the university belonged to the Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association. After being rejected

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serving as home to the men’s and women’s basketball teams, the arena is used by the Lady Raiders volleyball team. The Red Raiders football team, coached by Mike Leach since 2000, is a member of the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly known as Division I-A). In each of its last thirteen seasons, Tech has finished with a winning record, the fourth-longest such streak in the nation.[132][133] The Red Raiders have made 32 bowl appearances, which is 19th most of any university.[134] From 1932 to 1956, as members of the Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association, the Red Raiders won eight conference championships and one cochampionship. After joining the Southwest Athletic Conference, the Red Raiders added conference co-championships in 1976 and 1994.[135]

Texas Tech University
the expansion and planned to add another $6 million through fund-raising initiat[139] On November 20, 2008, university ives. officials announced that the project’s fundraising goal had been exceeded.[140] Groundbreaking ceremonies for the expansion took place on November 29, 2008, and construction began following the 2008 football season.[139][141] The Red Raiders baseball team played its first game in 1925.[142] The team has two conference championships, two conference tournament championships, and has made nine NCAA Division I Baseball Championship tournament appearances.[143] Larry Hays coached the team from 1987 to 2008 and lead the team to a .639 winning percentage.[144] Following Hays’ retirement on June 2, 2008, Assistant Coach Dan Spencer was promoted to head coach.[145] At least 20 former Red Raiders baseball players have gone on to play in the Major Leagues. [146] The team plays its home games at Dan Law Field. The field, located on the main campus in Lubbock, has a seating capacity of 5,050.[147] In addition to varsity sports, the university’s Sport Clubs Federation offers 30 recreational and competitive sport clubs, including polo, rugby union, lacrosse, fencing, and soccer.[148] In 2006, Texas Tech beat rival Texas A&M to win the United States Polo Association National Intercollegiate Championship.[149][150][151]

Jones AT&T Stadium interior Jones AT&T Stadium serves as home to the Red Raiders football team. The stadium, named for Clifford B. and Audrey Jones, opened in 1947. In 2000, the stadium was renamed Jones SBC Stadium after SBC Communications made a $30 million contribution to the university. Following SBC Communications’ acquisition of AT&T Corporation in 2006 and its subsequent adoption of the AT&T name, the stadium was renamed Jones AT&T Stadium.[136] The stadium’s original seating capacity was 27,000, but it was expanded in 1959, 1972, and again in 2003 to the current capacity of 53,000. On August 7, 2008, the Texas Tech Board of Regents announced a $25 million expansion project.[137] The planned expansion will add a Spanish Renaissance-themed façade to the east side of the stadium. In addition to the improvements to the exterior of the facility, the expansion will add 1,000 general-admission seats, 550 club seats, and 26 suites.[138] Texas Tech allocated a total of $19 million to

Mascots
The Masked Rider is Texas Tech University’s oldest mascot. The tradition began in 1936, when "ghost riders" were dared to circle the field prior to home football games. The Masked Rider became an official mascot in 1954, when Joe Kirk Fulton led the team onto the field at the Gator Bowl. According to reports from those present at the game, the crowd sat in stunned silence as they watched Fulton and his horse Blackie rush onto the football field, followed by the team. After a few moments, the silent crowd burst into cheers. Ed Danforth, a writer for the Atlanta Journal who witnessed the event, later wrote, "No team in any bowl game ever made a more sensational entrance."[152][153] In 2000, The Masked Rider tradition was commemorated with the unveiling of a statue outside of the university’s Frazier Alumni Pavilion. The

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sculpture, created by artist Grant Speed, is 25 percent larger than life.[154]

Texas Tech University

Double T spirit logo The Masked Rider logo Today the Masked Rider, with guns up, leads the team onto the field for all home games. This mascot, adorned in a distinctive gaucho hat like the ones worn by members of the marching band, is one of the most visible figures at Texas Tech. Brianne Aucutt-Hight, a senior animal science major from Clovis, New Mexico, will represent the university as the Masked Rider during 2009/10.[155] Texas Tech’s other mascot, Raider Red, is a more recent creation. Beginning with the 1971 football season, the Southwest Conference forbade the inclusion of live animal mascots to away games unless the host school consented. For situations where the host school did not want to allow the Masked Rider’s horse, an alternate mascot was needed. Jim Gaspard, a member of the Saddle Tramps student spirit organization, created the original design for the Raider Red costume, basing it on a character created by cartoonist Dirk West, a Texas Tech alumnus and former Lubbock mayor.[156] Though the Masked Rider’s identity is public knowledge, it has always been tradition that Raider Red’s student alter ego is kept secret until the end of his or her tenure.[157] The student serving as Raider Red is a member of the Saddle Tramps or High Riders. players.[158] The Double T existed in its original form as an official logo from 1963 to 1999 and was updated in 2000. The new logo maintains the original premise but incorporates three-dimensional bevelling effects coupled with white trim. To recognize the importance of the Double T to Texas Tech, the class of 1931 donated the Double T bench. Per tradition, freshmen are not allowed to sit on the bench, which is currently located in the courtyard of the Administration Building. The logo is further embodied in the Double T neon sign, donated by the class of 1938 and affixed to the east side of Jones AT&T Stadium. At the time of its purchase, this was reputedly the largest neon sign in existence.[159]

Will Rogers and Soapsuds
One of the most well-known landmarks on campus is the statue of Will Rogers on his horse Soapsuds. The statue has resided at the center of the campus since it was dedicated on February 16, 1950 by Rogers’ longtime friend Amon G. Carter.[160]

Traditions
Double T spirit logo
The most readily identified symbol of Texas Tech is the Double T logo. The logo, generally attributed to Texas Tech’s first football coach, E. Y. Freeland, was first used as decoration on the sweaters for the football Will Rogers and Soapsuds Carter claimed that Texas Tech was the ideal setting for the statue and that it would

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be an appropriate addition to the traditions and scenery of West Texas.[161] The statue, estimated to cost (in 1950) $25,000, stands 9 feet 11 inches (3 m) and weighs 3,200 pounds (1,450 kg).[162] The inscription on the plaque at the base of the statue reads: "Lovable Old Will Rogers on his favorite horse, ’Soapsuds’, riding into the Western sunset."[163] According to one legend, the statue was originally to be positioned with Will Rogers facing due west, so that it would appear he was riding into the sunset. However, that position would cause Soapsuds’ posterior to face due east, towards the main entrance of the school. The horse’s rear would also be facing downtown Lubbock, potentially insulting the Lubbock business community. To solve this problem, the statue was turned 23 degrees to the northwest so Soapsuds’ rear would face southeast, toward College Station, Texas, home of rival Texas A&M University. Before every home football game, the Saddle Tramps wrap the statue with red crepe paper. In times of national tragedies, the statue has also been wrapped in black crepe paper.[163]

Texas Tech University

Notable people

Colonel Rick Husband The Texas Tech Alumni Association, with over 27,000 members, operates more than 120 chapters in cities throughout the United States and the world.[165][166] Throughout Texas Tech’s history, faculty, alumni, and former students have played prominent roles in many different fields. Among its Distinguished Alumni is Demetrio B. Lakas, President of the Republic of Panama from 1969 to 1978.[167][168] Three United States Governors, Daniel I. J. Thornton, Governor of Colorado from 1951 to 1955, John Burroughs, Governor of New Mexico from 1959 to 1961, and Preston Smith, Governor of Texas from 1968 to 1972, are graduates of the university.[169][170][171] Four astronauts, including Rick Husband, the final commander of Space Shuttle Columbia and recipient of the Congressional Space Medal of Honor, and Bernard A. Harris, Jr., the first African-American to walk in space, are Texas Tech alumni.[83][172] U.S. Marine Corps Major and Medal of Honor recipient, George H. O’Brien, Jr., is a distinguished alumnus.[173] Richard E. Cavazos is a two-time Distinguished Service Cross recipient and the first Hispanic and Mexican American to advance to the rank of four-star

Texas Tech ring
While the class ring had occasionally used a universal design, by the late 20th century various styles were available. In 1999, the university reverted to a single ring design for the university’s graduates. The new Official Texas Tech Alumni Association Class Ring symbolically captures the essence of Texas Tech with the prominent Double T logo surrounded by the school’s full name and date of foundation. By tradition, undergraduates wear the ring with the Double T logo facing themselves. Upon graduation, the ring is turned so the logo faces outward. One shoulder of the ring displays an image of the Administration Building, with the bells which represent victory. The other shoulder contains the university seal: an American eagle perched above a book, representing the church; a star, representing the State of Texas; a key, representing home; and, a lamp, representing knowledge. These elements are separated by a cross featuring ten cotton bolls, one each for Lubbock and its nine surrounding cotton-producing counties.[164]

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general in the U.S. Army.[174] The school’s influence on the business world is seen in such people as former AT&T Chairman and CEO Edward Whitacre, Jr., Finisar CEO Jerry S. Rawls, Belo Corporation CEO Dunia A. Shive, and Wellpoint, Inc. president and CEO Angela Braly, ranked by Fortune magazine as the most powerful woman in business.[175][176][177][178][179] Texas Tech alumni have also made contributions to sports, music, and acting. Texas Tech Red Raiders have gone on to play in the NFL, NBA, WNBA, and MLB. Current alumni standouts include NFL All-Pros Zach Thomas of the Kansas City Chiefs, Wes Welker of the New England Patriots, and 2009 first-round draft pick Michael Crabtree of the San Francisco 49ers.[180][181][182] Others among the university’s alumni are folk rocker John Denver, country singer Pat Green, and actor George Eads.[183][184][185] John Hinckley, Jr, who attempted to assassinate U.S. President Ronald Reagan in 1981, attended the university sporadically from 1973 to 1980.[186]

Texas Tech University
communications/identityguidelines/ idguidelines/ttu/elements/color.php. Retrieved on 05-19-2009. [7] Hartz, Marlena (2008-09-24). "Tech enrollment second highest ever for school". Lubbock Avalanche Journal. http://lubbockonline.com/stories/092408/ loc_336129571.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-09-26. [8] Hensley, Doug (2008-08-03). "Landing Tech may have been biggest step in Lubbock’s first 100 years". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. http://lubbockonline.com/stories/080308/ loc_312967413.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. [9] ^ "A History of Legendary Lubbock: The Hub City of West Texas" (PDF). Lubbock Chamber of Commerce. 9. http://www.lubbockchamber.com/ documents/ AHistoryofLegendaryLubbock.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-08-08. [10] Mares, Lluvia (2006-01-27). "Abilene home to three distinguished colleges". Abilene Reporter-News. http://www.reporternews.com/news/ 2006/Jan/27/abilene-home-to-threedistinguished-colleges/. Retrieved on 2008-08-06. [11] ^ "Tech History". Texas Tech University. http://grad.ba.ttu.edu/ GSC_Tech_Lubbock/ GSC_Tech_and_Lubbock_History.asp. Retrieved on 2008-08-06. [12] ^ "Handbook of Texas Online: Texas Tech University". Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/ handbook/online/articles/TT/kct32.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-28. [13] ^ "Texas Tech a Major Part of Hub City History". KCBD. 2008-07-02. http://www.kcbd.com/Global/ story.asp?S=8613752. Retrieved on 2008-07-31. [14] Reynolds, John. "Three universities power higher education in Lubbock". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/ 060505/lif_850412.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-08-06. [15] "Texas Tech University Archives". Southwest Collection. http://www.swco.ttu.edu/ University_Archive/uacollections10.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-20.

References and notes
[1] "Guidelines - Tagline". Texas Tech University. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ communications/identityguidelines/ idguidelines/ttu/brand.php#tagline. Retrieved on 2008-07-11. [2] "2008 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). NACUBO. 3. http://www.nacubo.org/documents/ research/NES2008PublicTableAllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-01-27. [3] "Guy Bailey named sole finalist for Texas Tech president post". The Dallas Morning News. 2008-07-02. http://www.dallasnews.com/ sharedcontent/dws/dn/latestnews/stories/ 070308dntextechpresident.360650b.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-09. [4] "Faculty Count by Rank - Fall 2007". Texas Tech University Institutional Research and Information Management. http://www.irs.ttu.edu/NEWFACTBOOK/ Faculty/2007/F07RANK.htm. Retrieved on 2008-08-18. [5] "Texas Tech Facts". Texas Tech University. http://www.ttu.edu/facts/. Retrieved on 05-19-2009. [6] "Official Colors". Texas Tech University. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/

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Texas Tech University

[16] "College of Arts and Sciences". Texas officialpublications/facultyHB/ Tech University System. general.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-12. http://www.texastech.edu/giving/ [26] Shabazz, Amilcar (2004). Advancing colleges%20&%20schools/TTU/ Democracy: African Americans and the arts&sciences.html. Retrieved on Struggle for Access and Equity in Higher 2008-08-09. Education in Texas. Greensboro, NC: [17] Arenas, Jesus (2001-06-23). "Joining of University of North Carolina Press. communities led to Lubbock". Lubbock pp. 205. ISBN 9780807855058. Avalanche-Journal. [27] Scott, Sam (1999-02-07). "Hardaway http://www.lifeinlubbock.com/stories/ relates Tech experience". Lubbock 062401/gen_0624010007.shtml. Avalanche-Journal. Retrieved on 2008-08-09. http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/ [18] Barrick, Nolan (1985). Texas Tech... The 020799/0207990053.shtml. Retrieved on Unobserved Heritage. Lubbock, Texas: 2008-08-27. Texas Tech University Press. pp. 38. [28] "Texas Tech University Archives: ISBN 0-89672-125-6. Graduation Milestones". Southwest [19] "Raw Enrollment Data". Texas Tech Collection. http://swco.ttu.edu/ University. http://www.irs.ttu.edu/ university_archive/ ARCHIVE/ENR/FALLENRL.HTM. uacollections5.html#IX.%20Texas%20Tech%20Firsts Retrieved on 2008-08-22. Retrieved on 2008-08-27. [20] ^ Clark, Robert (January - February [29] ^ "Welcome to Texas Tech". Texas Tech 1990). "The Name Change Controversy" University System. (PDF). Southwest Collection. http://web.archive.org/web/ http://www.swco.ttu.edu/ 20071220193335/ University_Archive/pdf/1990.pdf. http://www.texastech.edu/welcome.php. Retrieved on 2008-07-31. Retrieved on 2008-08-20. [21] ^ Siegrist, Nikki (2003-03-03). "Tech [30] "Texas Tech University Archives: Traditions: Fighting for Change". The Medical School". Southwest Collection. Daily Toreador. http://www.swco.ttu.edu/ http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ University_Archive/uacollections3.html. media/storage/paper870/news/2003/03/ Retrieved on 2008-08-16. 03/CampusNews/Tech[31] "Profile: Texas Tech University Health Traditionsfighting.For.Change-1276134.shtml. Sciences Center" (PDF). Texas Higher Retrieved on 2008-08-09. Education Coordinating Board. [22] "About Us: History". Texas Tech Alumni http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/ Association. GeneralPubs/Agenda/Ag2004_01/XE2/ http://www.texastechalumni.org/olc/pub/ XE2A1.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. TTAA/cpages/about_us/history.jsp. [32] "Perry suggests Montford for UT System Retrieved on 2008-08-10. chancellor". KCEN-TV. 2008-04-23. [23] Hensley, Doug. "Triumph, tragedy in http://www.kcentv.com/news/cworld’s spotlight". Lubbock Avalanchearticle.php?cid=2&nid=3347. Retrieved Journal. on 2008-08-15. http://www.lubbockcentennial.com/ [33] "Bill: HB 3564". The State of Texas. Section/1959_1983/3_Hensley.shtml. http://www.capitol.state.tx.us/BillLookup/ Retrieved on 2008-08-10. History.aspx?LegSess=80R&Bill=HB3564. [24] ^ Elizabeth Langton. "Tech began Retrieved on 2008-08-13. playing name-change game in ’50s". [34] "Kent Hance Officially Named Chancellor Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. of the Texas Tech University System". http://web.archive.org/web/ Texas Tech University System. 20020123163409/redraiders.com/ http://www.texastech.edu/stories/ techs75th/namechange.htm. Retrieved 0611-hance.php. Retrieved on on 2008-08-10. 2008-08-15. [25] "General Information". Texas Tech [35] ^ ""Speech zones" and "speech code" University Office of Official Publications. struck down at Texas Tech University". http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ Alliance Defense Fund. http://www.alliancedefensefund.org/

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Texas Tech University

news/story.aspx?cid=2809. Retrieved on loc_311690214.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-08-22. 2008-08-04. [36] Hall, Delany (2003-06-13). "Law student [45] Post, Sally (2008-07-30). "Texas Tech sues Texas Tech over free speech zones: University Named One of the ’Best in the Plaintiff claims First Amendment rights West’". Texas Tech Today. were violated by university". The Daily http://today.ttu.edu/2008/07/texas-techTexan. university-named-one-of-the-best-in-thehttp://media.www.dailytexanonline.com/ west/. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. media/storage/paper410/news/2003/06/ [46] "Academic Ranking of World Universities 13/News/Law- 2008" (PDF). Shanghai Jiao Tong Student.Sues.Texas.Tech.Over.Free.Speech.Zones-494208.shtml. University. http://www.arwu.org/ Retrieved on 2008-08-22. rank2008/Top500_EN(by%20rank).pdf. [37] Hervey, Christine (2008-04-29). "A look Retrieved on 2008-08-31. at the Free Speech Zone: Zone offers a [47] "Texas Tech University profile". U.S. default location to express sometimes News & World Report. 2008-08-10. unpopular ideas". The Del Mar College http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ Foghorn. http://www.delmar.edu/ college/items/3644. Retrieved on foghorn/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-10. 2008-08-22. [48] "Fact Sheet: Fall 2007" (PDF). Texas [38] "Texas House OKs plan to boost more Tech University. http://www.irs.ttu.edu/ state universities to ’top tier’". Dallas NEWFACTBOOK/FactSheets/FactSheetMorning News. 2009-04-25. Fall2007.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-08-31. http://www.dallasnews.com/ [49] "Institution Details: Texas Tech sharedcontent/dws/dn/education/stories/ University". Southern Association of 042409dntstcolleges.108b0869b.html. Colleges and Schools. Retrieved on 2009-04-26. http://www.sacscoc.org/ [39] "Texas Tech University". Texas details.asp?instid=74880. Retrieved on International Education Consortium. 2008-08-12. http://www.tiec.org/ [50] ^ "The Texas Tech Administration about_affuni_univ8a.html. Retrieved on Building". KCBD. http://www.kcbd.com/ 2008-08-10. global/story.asp?s=8613599. Retrieved [40] "2007-2008 Fact Sheet" (PDF). Texas on 2008-08-17. Tech University. http://www.irim.ttu.edu/ [51] Casady, Michelle. "Branching out: Tech’s NEWFACTBOOK/FactSheets/FactSheetroots stretch across Lone Star State". Fall2007.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-08-01. The Daily Toreador. [41] "This is Texas Tech". Texas Tech Official http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ Athletic Site. http://texastech.cstv.com/ media/storage/paper870/news/2007/08/ school-bio/text-school-bio1.html. 27/News/ Retrieved on 2008-08-19. Branching.Out.Techs.Roots.Stretch.Across.Lone.Star [42] Kiely, Maggie (2007-08-27). "Tech Retrieved on 2008-08-17. enrollment shows increase, on track with [52] "Academic Support Services: Study 2020 goal". The Daily Toreador. Abroad Program". Texas Tech University http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ Official Publications. media/storage/paper870/news/2007/08/ http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ 27/News/Techofficialpublications/catalog/ Enrollment.Shows.Increase.On.Track.With.2020.Goal-2935712.shtml. _AcademicSupport.php#Abroad. Retrieved on 2007-08-29. Retrieved on 2008-08-17. [43] "Degree Conferred Since 1927". Texas [53] "Study Abroad". Texas Tech University. Tech University. http://www.irs.ttu.edu/ 2008-08-10. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ ARCHIVE/DEGAWD/DEGSEXFR27.HTM. Honors/abroad/. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-08-01. 2008-08-10. [44] "Tech ranked among best universities in [54] "History &Facts". Texas Tech University. West by Princeton Review". Lubbock 2008-08-11. http://www.iaff.ttu.edu/ Avalanche-Journal. 2008-07-31. main/history.asp. Retrieved on http://lubbockonline.com/stories/073108/ 2008-08-11.

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Texas Tech University

[55] "About CASNR: Fast Facts". Texas Tech http://bwnt.businessweek.com/ University. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ interactive_reports/ agriculturalsciences/about_college/ undergrad_bschool_2009/ page7.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-01. index.asp?sortCol=school_type&sortOrder=2&pageN [56] Cranford, Leslie (2008-08-26). "U.S. Retrieved on 2009-03-23. News & World Report Raises Texas Tech [65] Bolls, Glenys (2007-03-22). "Business Engineering College Ranking". Texas College earns top 50 ranking". The Daily Tech University. http://today.ttu.edu/ Toreador. 2008/08/us-news-world-report-raiseshttp://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ texas-tech-engineering-college-ranking/. media/storage/paper870/news/2007/03/ Retrieved on 2008-08-26. 22/News/ [57] "Local News:Education briefly". Lubbock Business.College.Earns.Top.50.Ranking-2786200.sht Avalanche-Journal. 2008-04-19. Retrieved on 2008-08-01. http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/ [66] "Texas Tech University". Association to 041908/loc_270083441.shtml. Retrieved Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. on 2008-08-01. 2007-03-22. http://www.aacsb.edu/ [58] Bolls, Glenys (2008-04-22). "4 Tech members/Omd/ graduate programs ranked in annual Top Profile_page2.asp?LinkId=11989&CallingPage=InstL 100". The Daily Toreador. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ [67] "2008 Raw Data Law School Rankings: media/storage/paper870/news/2008/04/ Schools’ Bar Pass Rate (Descending)". 22/News/ Internet Legal Research Group. 4.Tech.Graduate.Programs.Ranked.In.Annual.Top.100-3339417.shtml. http://www.ilrg.com/rankings/law/ Retrieved on 2008-08-10. index.php/1/desc/Bar/2008. Retrieved on [59] "Accredited Programs List". 2008-08-10. Accreditation Board for Engineering and [68] Graham, Mike (2008-09-17). "New Tech Technology. http://www.abet.org/ college seeks to impact West Texas". The schoolstate.asp. Retrieved on Daily Toreador. 2008-08-14. http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ [60] "Texas Tech Names College of media/storage/paper870/news/2008/09/ Engineering After Former Regent and 17/News/NewAT&T CEO Edward E. Whitacre Jr.". Tech.College.Seeks.To.Impact.West.Texas-3434551.s Texas Tech University. 2008-11-12. Retrieved on 2008-09-17. http://today.ttu.edu/2008/11/street[69] "Texas Tech University profile". The insider-texas-tech-names-college-ofCarnegie Foundation. 2008-07-01. engineering-after-former-regent-and-atthttp://www.carnegiefoundation.org/ ceo-edward-e-whitacre-jr/. Retrieved on classifications/ 2008-11-12. sub.asp?key=748&subkey=16444&start=782. [61] ^ "College Navigator: Texas Tech Retrieved on 2008-08-25. University". National Center for [70] "University-Recognized Centers and Education Statistics. http://nces.ed.gov/ Institutes". Texas Tech University. collegenavigator/?id=229115. Retrieved 2008-07-01. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ on 2008-08-13. vprgs/RC&I.php. Retrieved on [62] "Texas Tech University profile". National 2008-08-13. Architecture Accrediting Board. [71] "Texas Tech Researchers May Have http://www.naab.org/schools/ Found AIDS Cure". KCBD. 2008-08-07. view.aspx?id=14439. Retrieved on http://www.kcbd.com/Global/ 2008-08-14. story.asp?S=8808748. Retrieved on [63] "Texas Tech University, Jerry S. Rawls 2008-08-16. College of Business Administration". [72] Swaminathan, Nikhil (2008-08-07). AACSB. https://datadirect.aacsb.edu/ "Researchers Silence HIV in Mice public/profiles/ Engineered to Be Like Humans". profile.cfm?runReport=1&unitid=54991&userType=All. American. Scientific Retrieved on 2009-02-28. http://www.sciam.com/ [64] "The Top Undergraduate Business article.cfm?id=researchers-silence-hivPrograms". Business Week. 2009-03-22.

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in-human-like-mice-rnai. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [73] "Researchers halt spread of HIV with RNAi". Harvard Medical School. http://web.med.harvard.edu/sites/ RELEASES/html/080708_shankar.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [74] "HemoTech Findings Show Significant Promise For Combating Two Major Complications Involved In Treating Patients With Coronary Artery Disease". Business Wire. 2007-10-04. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/ mi_m0EIN/is_2007_Oct_4/ai_n27396429. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [75] "Texas Tech University to Create the West Texas Influenza Research Center". Reuters. 2008-01-14. http://www.reuters.com/article/ pressRelease/ idUS153772+14-Jan-2008+MW20080114. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [76] "1970 Tornado Creates the Texas Tech Wind Science and Engineering Center". KCBD. 2005-05-09. http://www.kcbd.com/global/ story.asp?s=3318493. Retrieved on 2008-08-14. [77] "EF-Scale Training". National Weather Service. 2008-02-11. http://www.wdtb.noaa.gov/courses/EFscale/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. [78] "Space Ace". Texas Tech University. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ communications/vistas/archive/ 03-winter/stories/space-ace.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [79] "CEV abort system gains a brain". nasaspaceflight.com. http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/content/ ?cid=4153. Retrieved on 2008-08-17. [80] "NASA and Texas Tech to Develop New Spacecraft Systems" (PDF). Texas Tech University. http://www.cs.ttu.edu/ ~dcooke/NASA%20guidance.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-08-17. [81] Slaughter, Jody (2001-11-28]]). "Tech, NASA a growing tradition". The Daily Toreador. http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ media/storage/paper870/news/2001/11/ 28/CampusNews/TechNasa.A.Growing.Tradition-1273086.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-08-16.

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[82] "Texas Tech University Dedicates Laboratories to Gemini Astronaut Charles A. Bassett II". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/centers/johnson/ news/releases/1996_1998/j96-33.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [83] ^ "Biographical Data: Rick Husband". NASA. http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/ htmlbios/husband.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. [84] "Astronaut Biography:Rick Husband". Space.com. http://www.space.com/ missionlaunches/bio_husband.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [85] "Texas Tech Garners $6.6 Million in 2008 Defense Bill". Texas Tech Today. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ communications/news/stories/ 07-11-pulsed-power-defensefunding.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [86] "Gov. Perry Announces ETF Investment in Texas Tech Research Program". State of Texas. http://www.governor.state.tx.us/ divisions/press/pressreleases/ PressRelease.2008-04-02.3304/view. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [87] "The power of the grid". SAS Institute. http://www.sas.com/success/ texastech.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. [88] McGowan, Matt (2007-09-13). "Texas Department of Agriculture grants research money to Tech". The Daily Toreador. http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ media/storage/paper870/news/2007/09/ 13/News/ Texas.Department.Of.Agriculture.Grants.Research.M Retrieved on 2008-08-17. [89] "New Texas Tech grass". Houston Chronicle. http://www.landscapeonline.com/ research/article/10951. Retrieved on 2008-08-17. [90] "Tough as Buffalo, Green as Grass?". Texas Tech University. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ communications/vistas/archive/ 06-spring/stories/turffalo.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-17. [91] Peterson’s Graduate Programs in the Biological Sciences. Peterson’s. 2005. pp. 1423. ISBN 0768917409. [92] Russell, A. Yvonne; Martha S. Williams, Graciela Rodríguez (April 1988). Third

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Symposium on Health and Human Services in the United States and Mexico. University of Texas Medical Branch. pp. 190. [93] The University of Texas System has four medical schools, but none are located in Austin, the site of its flagship campus and only law school. Neither the Texas A&M University System nor the University of North Texas System has a law school, and the University of Houston System has no medical school. Baylor University has only a law school, which is located in Waco. Baylor College of Medicine, in Houston, has not been part of Baylor University since 1969. Baylor also operates the Baylor University Medical Center, which is a hospital system. [94] "Texas Tech University". Texas College Guide. http://www.texasmonthly.com/ collegeguide/2008/detail/46. Retrieved on 2008-08-29. [95] "Graduate Creative Writing Program". Texas Tech University. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ communications/english/. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [96] "Pretty Texas Tech". Texas Tech University. 2007-08-10. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ communications/news/stories/ 07-08-pretty-campus-msn.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [97] Barrick, Nolan (1985). Texas Tech... The Unobserved Heritage. Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University Press. pp. 18. ISBN 0-89672-125-6. [98] Mandel, Stewart (2008-11-01). "Touring Texas Tech’s picturesque campus". Sports Illustrated. http://www.fannation.com/si_blogs/ the_sweep/posts/19462. Retrieved on 2008-11-03. [99] Barrick, Nolan (1985). Texas Tech... The Unobserved Heritage. Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University Press. pp. 18, 23. ISBN 0-89672-125-6. [100]PGMS Green Star Awards: Honoring the " Best in Grounds Management". Professional Grounds Management Society. http://www.pgms.org/ 2008greenstar/index.htm. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [101]University Public Art Collection" (PDF). " Texas Tech University System.

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http://www.fpc.ttu.edu/pub_files/ UPAC07.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [102]Texas Tech Public Art Program Named " One of Ten Best". Texas Tech University. 2006-05-31. http://www.texastech.edu/ stories/0605-public-art.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [103]MIT’s campus art collection rated " among nation’s best". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 2006-07-26. http://web.mit.edu/arts/announcements/ prs/2006/0726_LVAC.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. [104]Museum of Texas Tech Receives " National Accreditation". Texas Tech University. 2008-10-06. http://today.ttu.edu/2008/10/museumreceives-national-accreditation/. Retrieved on 2008-10-06. [105]About the Museum". Museum of Texas " Tech University. 2007-05-09. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/museumttu/ about.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [106]Lubbock Lake Landmark". Texas " Archeological Research Laboratory. 2001-10-01. http://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/ lubbock/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. [107]Museum & Historical Park". Texas Tech " university. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ ranchhc/ body_museum_homeoverview.htm. Retrieved on 2008-08-19. [108]Vietnam Center and Archive Now " Available Online". Veterans of Foreign Wars. http://www.vfw.org/ index.cfm?fa=news.newsDtl&did=2367. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [109] iely, Maggie (2007-08-27). "Tech signs K agreement with Vietnam for records". The Daily Toreador. http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ media/storage/paper870/news/2007/08/ 27/News/TechSigns.Agreement.With.Vietnam.For.Records-2937042 Retrieved on 2007-08-07. [110] artz, Marlena (2007-08-18). "Texas H Tech seals deal with Vietnam records office for war documents". http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/ 081807/edu_081807020.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-08-29. [111]Student Organizations". Texas Tech " University Center for Student Life. 2007. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/

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centerforcampuslife/. Retrieved on [124]Active and Inactive Chapters". Tau Beta " 2007-03-24. Sigma. http://www.kkytbs.org/Online/ [112]Student Organizations: Greek Life". " fused/ Texas Tech University Student Affairs. index.cfm?fuseaction=ChapterDirectory.DisplayChap http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ Retrieved on 2008-08-28. centerforcampuslife/GreekLife/ [125] ull, Joshua (2008-12-10). "Tech radio H default.aspx. Retrieved on 2007-03-24. off air due to money issues". Lubbock [113]The Sudler Trophy". John Philip Sousa " Avalanche Journal. Foundation. November 2007. http://lubbockonline.com/stories/121008/ http://www.sousafoundation.org/ loc_366042611.shtml. Retrieved on allProjects/trophy.htm. Retrieved on 2009-01-05. 2008-08-14. [126] illiams, Don (1998). "Texas Tech Turns W [114] s of 2006, the most recent year for A 75: Tech travels long, winding road of which data is currently available. success to Big 12". Lubbock Avalanche[115]Students Who Live On-Campus: Fall " Journal. http://web.archive.org/web/ Enrollment Since 1985". Texas Tech 20080102015523/ University Institutional Research and http://www.redraiders.com/techs75th/ Information Management. 2006-10-31. athletics.htm. Retrieved on 2008-08-22. http://www.irim.ttu.edu/ARCHIVE/ [127]Texas Tech Football History Database". " ONCAMPUS.HTM. Retrieved on NationalChamps.net. 2008-08-24. http://www.nationalchamps.net/NCAA/ [116]Housing on Campus". Texas Tech " database/texastech_database.htm. University. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ Retrieved on 2008-08-14. housing/V1/HOC/ [128]Division I Women’s Basketball". " housing_on_campus.asp. Retrieved on National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2007-03-24. http://www.ncaa.com/history/ [117]Texas Tech University Receives New Phi " default.aspx?id=87932. Retrieved on Beta Kappa Chapter". Phi Beta Kappa 2008-08-14. Society. 2007-04-09. http://www.pbk.org/ [129]Texas Tech win gives Knight historic " home/newsview.aspx?id=135. Retrieved 880th victory". ESPN. on 2009-02-21. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncb/ [118]Chapter Directory". Beta Gamma Sigma. " recap?gameId=270012641. Retrieved on http://www.betagammasigma.org/ 2008-08-14. chapterlist.htm. Retrieved on [130] riffin, Tim (2008-06-03). "Pat Knight G 2008-08-14. proving he’s not quite like his father". [119]Chapter Directory". Tau Beta Pi. " ESPN. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncb/ http://www.tbp.org/pages/Chapters/ columns/story?id=3422654. Retrieved on CollegiateChapters.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-08-14. 2008-08-14. [131]Tech’s United Spirit Arena opens to " [120]Chapter Information". Alpha Phi Omega. " glowing reviews". Lubbock Avalanchehttp://www.apo.org/show/ Journal. http://lubbockcentennial.com/ Chapter_Resources/Chapter_Information. Section/1984_2008/USA.shtml. Retrieved Retrieved on 2008-08-28. on 2008-08-14. [121]Collegiate Chapters". Delta Sigma Pi. " [132] illiams, Don (2007-09-09). "Texas TechW http://www.dspnet.org/site/about_us/ SMU game facts". Lubbock Avalanchestateview.asp?location=TX. Retrieved on Journal. http://www.lubbockonline.com/ 2008-08-28. stories/090307/col_090307027.shtml. [122]Law Chapters". Phi Alpha Delta. " Retrieved on 2008-08-19. http://www.padcommunity.org/ [133] he Red Raiders moved to fourth in 2008 T page.php?page_id=9209. Retrieved on when the [[2008 Michigan Wolverines 2008-08-28. football team|Michigan Wolverines had a [123]Collegiate Chapters: Texas". Phi Mu " losing season. Alpha Sinfonia. http://www.sinfonia.org/ [134]Team Records - Most Bowl " Directory/ Appearances". College Football Data chapbystate.asp?STATE=TX&STATENAME=Texas. Warehouse. Retrieved on 2008-08-28. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/bowls/

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team_records_most_bowls.php. Retrieved http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ on 2008-08-12. media/storage/paper870/news/2008/06/ [135]Texas Tech Football History Database". " 03/Sports/ NationalChamps.net. Larry.Hays.Steps.Down.As.Tech.Baseballs.Head.Coac http://www.nationalchamps.net/NCAA/ Retrieved on 2008-08-19. database/texastech_database.htm. [145]Dan Spencer Named Head Baseball " Retrieved on 2008-08-14. Coach at Texas Tech". KCBD. [136]Jones AT&T Stadium. Delivered.". " http://www.kcbd.com/Global/ AT&T. http://www.att.com/gen/pressstory.asp?s=8488917. Retrieved on room?pid=4800&cdvn=news&newsarticleid=22200. 2008-08-20. Retrieved on 2008-08-30. [146]Texas Tech University Baseball Players " [137] oleman, Adam (2008-08-25). C Who Made it to the Major Leagues". "Expansion of Jones AT&T Stadium Baseball Almanac. http://www.baseballexpected to bring more than appeal". almanac.com/college/ The Daily Toreador. texas_tech_university_baseball_players.shtml. http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ Retrieved on 2008-08-19. media/storage/paper870/news/2008/08/ [147] aki, Ben (2007-09-20]]). "Tech baseball M 25/News/ begins fall practice at Lubbock Expansion.Of.Jones.Att.Stadium.Expected.To.Bring.More.Than.Appeal-3402150.shtml. Christian". The Daily Toreador. Retrieved on 2008-08-28. http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ [138] illiams, Don. "Tech rallies funding for W media/storage/paper870/news/2007/09/ stadium’s east side". The Dallas Morning 20/Sports/TechNews. http://lubbockonline.com/stories/ Baseball.Begins.Fall.Practice.At.Lubbock.Christian-2 080708/spo_315089828.shtml. Retrieved Retrieved on 2008-08-19. on 2008-08-28. [148]http://www.depts.ttu.edu/recsports/ " [139] "New Expansion Plan for Texas Tech ^ sports_clubs/index.php". Texas Tech Jones AT&T Stadium". KCBD. University. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ http://www.kcbd.com/Global/ recsports/sports_clubs/index.php. story.asp?S=8808300. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-10-20. 2008-08-28. [149]Things happen fast on Texas Tech’s Polo " [140] artz, Marlena (2008-11-20). "Tech H Grounds.". Texas Texas University. stadium expansion set after funding goal http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ met". Lubbock Avalanche Journal. communications/vistas/archive/ http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/ 06-spring/stories/battle-speed.php. 112008/loc_357959716.shtml. Retrieved Retrieved on 2008-08-25. on 2008-11-20. [150] eddle, Jason (2004-11-12). "Aggies, W [141] cClure, David (2008-11-19). M Tech renew rivalry". The Daily Texan. "Fundraising Goals Reached for Jones http://media.www.dailytexanonline.com/ media/storage/paper410/news/2004/11/ AT&T Stadium Expansion". Texas Tech 12/Sports/ University. http://today.ttu.edu/2008/11/ Aggies.Tech.Renew.Rivalry-803111.shtml. stadium-expansion-goals-reached/. Retrieved on 2008-08-25. Retrieved on 2008-11-20. [151] immer, Kellen (2001-11-15). "T-sippers Z [142]2008 Baseball Media Guide" (PDF). " or tortilla-throwers: Aggies should Texas Tech University Official Athletic consider Tech another school rival". Site. http://texastech.cstv.com/auto_pdf/ http://media.www.thebatt.com/media/ p_hotos/s_chools/text/sports/m-basebl/ storage/paper657/news/2001/11/15/ auto_pdf/2008mediaguide. Retrieved on Opinion/ 2008-07-06. TSippers.Or.TortillaThrowers-516399.shtml. [143]Texas Tech Year-by-Year Scores". Texas " Retrieved on 2008-08-25. Tech University Official Athletic Site. [152] mits, Garry (2007-12-26). "Mascots S http://texastech.cstv.com/sports/munmasked: A lasting tradition for Texas basebl/archive/text-m-baseblTech began at 1954 Gator Bowl". The scores.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-06. Florida Times-Union. [144] oleman, Adam (2008-06-30). "Larry C http://www.jacksonville.com/tu-online/ Hays steps down as Tech baseball’s head coach". The Daily Toreador.

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stories/122507/col_228878061.shtml. To.Live.As.A.Raider.In.12.Big.Ways-2250711.shtml. Retrieved on 2006-04-30. Retrieved on 2008-08-18. [153] itz, Jennifer. "History of Masked Rider: R [163] "Will Rogers & Soapsuds". Texas Tech ^ A history of one of Texas Tech’s Oldest University. http://www.ttu.edu/traditions/ and Best-Loved Traditions". Texas rogers.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-14. Techsan Magazine. [164]TTAA Class Ring & Ceremony". Texas " http://www.depts.ttu.edu/spiritsquads/ Tech University. http://www.ttu.edu/ MR_History.htm. Retrieved on traditions/ring.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-12. 2008-08-14. [154] olfe, Angel (2000-09-11). "Rider stands W [165]Chapter Network". Texas Tech Alumni " larger than life: A new statue dedicated Association. to the history of the Masked Rider finds http://www.texastechalumni.org/olc/pub/ its home". TTAA/cpages/chapter_network/ http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ chapter_network.jsp. Retrieved on media/storage/paper870/news/2000/09/ 2008-07-31. 11/CampusNews/ [166]Texas Tech Alumni Association". Texas " Rider.Stands.Larger.Than.Life-1270800.shtml. Tech University. http://www.ttu.edu/ Retrieved on 2008-09-01. departments/alumni.php. Retrieved on [155]New Tech Masked Rider from Clovis". " 2008-07-31. Clovis News Journal. 2009-04-20. [167] age, Eric (1999-11-07). "Demetrio P http://www.cnjonline.com/news/ Lakas, 74, Panama Leader Who Had Role tech_33398___article.html/ in Shaping Canal Pacts". The New York new_clovis.html. Retrieved on Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ 2009-04-23. fullpage.html?res=9403E1D8153AF934A35752C1A9 [156] ulick, Joe (2008-05-04). "Dirk West: G Retrieved on 2008-08-13. Before the mustache, guns". Lubbock [168]Activities & Programs: Distinguished " Avalanche-Journal. Alumni Dinner". Texas Tech Alumni http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/ Association. 050408/loc_275256359.shtml. Retrieved https://www.texastechalumni.org/olc/ on 2008-08-14. pub/TTAA/cpages/programs/ [157]Raider Red". Texas Tech University. " distinguished_alumni.jsp. Retrieved on http://www.ttu.edu/traditions/ 2008-08-28. raiderred.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-30. [169]Governor Daniel I.J. Thornton " [158]Double T Symbol". Texas Tech " Collection". Colorado State Archives. University. http://www.ttu.edu/traditions/ http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/ doublet.php. Retrieved on 2008-08-19. archives/govs/thornton.html. Retrieved [159]A Review of Tech Traditions" (PDF). " on 2008-08-13. Texas Tech University. [170]New Mexico Governor John Burroughs". " http://www.depts.ttu.edu/studentaffairs/ National Governor’s Association. parent2002/information/traditions.pdf. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/ Retrieved on 2008-08-13. menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/ [160] ooks, Michael Q.. "Will and Soapsuds" H ?vgnextoid=64e4a7983c98a010VgnVCM1000001a01 (PDF). Southwest Collection. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. http://swco.ttu.edu/University_Archive/ [171]Preston Smith Bio". Texas State " pdf/1982.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-08-18. Archive. [161]Will Rogers statue dedicated". Lubbock " http://www.cemetery.state.tx.us/pub/ Centennial. user_form.asp?step=1&pers_id=7163. http://lubbockcentennial.com/Section/ Retrieved on 2008-08-13. 1934_1958/WillRogers.shtml. Retrieved [172]Biographical Data: Bernard A. Harris, " on 2008-08-14. Jr.". NASA. http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/ [162] onahan, Stephen. "How to Live as a M htmlbios/harris.html. Retrieved on Raider in 12 Big Ways". The Daily 2008-08-13. Toreador. [173] oldstein, Richard (2005-03-21). "George G http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/ H. O’Brien Jr., 78, Marine Awarded media/storage/paper870/news/2006/08/ Medal of Honor, Dies". The New York 25/LaVida/HowTimes. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/03/

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21/national/21obrien.html. Retrieved on zachthomas/profile?id=THO415247. 2008-08-13. Retrieved on 2008-08-14. [174]Richard E. Cavazos: First Hispanic " [181]Wes Welker Profile". National Football " American Four-star General". United League. http://www.nfl.com/players/ States Army. http://www.goarmy.com/ weswelker/profile?id=WEL219433. hhm/profiles_cavazos.jsp. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-08-14. 2008-09-24. [182] illiams, Don (2009-04-25). "Crabtree W [175]Edward E. Whitacre Jr. - Chairman, " goes 10th overall to 49ers". Lubbock Chief Executive Officer and President, Avalanche-Journal. AT&T Inc.". AT&T. http://www.att.com/ http://www.redraiders.com/2009/04/25/ gen/investor-relations?pid=7815. crabtree-goes-10th-overall-to-49ers/. Retrieved on 2008-08-23. Retrieved on 2009-04-25. [176]Jerry Rawls Profile". Forbes. " [183]John Denver killed in plane crash". " http://www.forbes.com/finance/ CNN. 1997-10-13. http://www.cnn.com/ mktguideapps/personinfo/ US/9710/13/denver.nc. Retrieved on FromPersonIdPersonTearsheet.jhtml?passedPersonId=906071. 2008-08-14. Retrieved on 2008-08-23. [184] echert, Renee (2002-12-26). "Pat D [177]Dunia Shive: Executive Profile and " Green: Texas Songwriter". Pop Matters. Biography". BusinessWeek. http://www.popmatters.com/music/ http://investing.businessweek.com/ interviews/green-pat-021226.shtml. research/stocks/people/ Retrieved on 2008-08-14. person.asp?personId=255061&symbol=BLC. [185]Biography for George Eads". TV Guide. " Retrieved on 2008-08-23. http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/ [178] urphy, Tom (2007-02-26). "WellPoint M george-eads/bio/151586. Retrieved on CEO choice surprises some". The Boston 2008-08-14. Globe. http://www.boston.com/business/ [186]John Hinckley, Jr. brings infamy to " healthcare/articles/2007/02/26/ Lubbock". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. wellpoint_ceo_choice_surprises_some/. http://lubbockcentennial.com/Section/ Retrieved on 2008-08-23. 1959_1983/hinckley.shtml. Retrieved on [179]Fortune 500 Women CEOs - Angela " 2008-08-30. Braly (1)". Fortune. 2008-04-24. http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2008/ fortune/0804/ • Texas Tech University Official Site gallery.500_women_ceos.fortune/ • Official Texas Tech YouTube Channel index.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-14. • Southwest Collection/Special Collections [180]Zach Thomas Profile". National Football " Library League. http://www.nfl.com/players/ • Texas Tech Alumni Association

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