Duke_Nukem_Forever by zzzmarcus


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Duke Nukem Forever

Duke Nukem Forever
Duke Nukem Forever

Developer(s) Publisher(s) Engine Platform(s) Release date(s) Genre(s) Mode(s) Input methods

3D Realms (1997–2009?) Take-Two Interactive Unreal Engine 3.25/5 (heavilymodified)[1] Microsoft Windows[2] Formerly "When it’s done"[3] (see below) First-person shooter Single-player, Multiplayer Keyboard and mouse, Gamepad

Duke Nukem Forever instead became infamous for its severely protracted development schedule and is often declared either "the longest game ever in production or an elaborate in-joke at the expense of the industry".[5] DNF was officially first announced in April 1997, and promotional information for the game was released in one form or another in 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2007, and 2008. Due to this, the game had been subject to intense speculation and has won several vaporware awards. With the termination of the development team by 3D Realms in May 2009, production on Duke Nukem Forever has been halted. Although Take-Two still owns the publishing rights to the game, they do not have an agreement with 3D Realms to provide funding for the game’s continued development.[6] A lawsuit has been filed by Take-Two Interactive against 3D Realms over their failure to finish development of the game.[7]

The plot of Duke Nukem Forever is presented through newly released footage and screenshots. Key developer Glen Burke has played a key role following the franchise from the first title. 3D Realms released trailers at the 1998 and 2001 E3 conventions and screenshots between those years. However, as DNF has gone through extensive changes since its last trailer, the plot was not known in its entirety. The status of several secondary characters also remains unclear. The 2001 trailer shows an alien invasion in Las Vegas. It features Duke fighting with several weapons. Duke fights the aliens in many areas: a mine, some rural areas, the streets of Las Vegas, on water, and indoor areas.[8] As of 2003, the 3D Realms website states that "the screenshots and videos that were there have been removed as they no longer represent the game’s current look and feel."[3] In 2008, Miller confirmed that the plot involves a retired Duke, who owns a Casino known as "The Lady Killer," which comes under attack from aliens.[9]

Duke Nukem Forever (DNF) is a first-person shooter video game which was in development from 1997 to 2009 by 3D Realms. The publishing rights for the game still remain owned by Take-Two Interactive, although the future of the game remains unknown. It was to follow Duke Nukem 3D as the next game in 3D Realms’ Duke Nukem series and is to be directed by one of the creators of the original Duke Nukem game, George Broussard. After setting and pushing back several release dates, since 2001 they said it would be released "when it’s done".[3] The game was being touted for its "unprecedented interactivity", aiming to "push the limits of gaming and establish new standards in interactivity, variety, and pure fun."[4]


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Duke Nukem Forever
Duke Nukem Forever on the Unreal engine for the first time.[16] In December, 3D Realms released a Christmas card that suggested that DNF would be released in 2000.[17] In early December 2000, publisher Gathering of Developers announced that they had acquired the publishing rights for DNF.[18] Shortly afterwards, 3D Realms released another Christmas card that suggested that DNF would be released in 2001.[19] At the May 2001 E3, 3D Realms released a second video that showed a couple of minutes of in-game footage,[8] which notably showed the player moving in a what appears to be Las Vegas and a certain level of interactivity (the player buys a sandwich from a vending machine and pushing the keypads). In August, Gathering of Developers shut down its offices and Take-Two Interactive took over the publishing rights for DNF.[20] In 2002, after hiring several new programmers, the team completely rewrote the renderer and other game engine modules, beginning work on a new generation of game content. Broussard estimated that around 95% of the previous level design work was scrapped in the process. He also later stated that they were never less than two years away from shipping with the UT based version of the game. The engine, which now contains parts of an early version of Unreal Engine 2.0 (the team branched off from the engine in 2001) supports such features as pixel shading, normal mapping and high dynamic range based lighting.[21][22] Broussard has stated several times that the only parts of the Unreal engine that are still part of their code base are UnrealScript, the networking code, and the UnrealEd. Everything else (except the current physics engine) has been written from scratch by 3D Realms. The principal technical reason given by Broussard for the extensive delays was the unstable tech base. Once it was stabilized, 3D Realms expanded their team considerably, from 22 to 31 members.

Development history

Screenshot of Duke Nukem Forever from 1999. Duke Nukem Forever was officially announced on April 28, 1997 along with the purchase of a license to use the Quake II engine[10][11] and the intention of releasing the game no later than mid-1998.[12] Original prototype work on the game had begun as early as January. In August and September, the first screenshots of DNF were released in PC Gamer. In its November issue, Scott Miller restated that the intended release date was 1998. However, 3D Realms did not get the Quake II engine code until November 1997, and the earlier screenshots were simply mock-ups with the Quake engine that the team had made in their spare time.[13] 3D Realms unveiled the first video footage of DNF using the Quake II engine at the 1998 E3 conference.[14]

Change to Unreal engine
In June 1998, the 3D Realms team switched to Epic’s Unreal Engine.[15] Fans were concerned because switching game engines requires more development time and further delays the release of the game. Broussard said that the transition from the Quake to the Unreal engine would take from "a month to 6 weeks" and that the game would not be significantly delayed. He also reassured gamers that the items unveiled in the May 1998 E3 demo would carry over on the Epic engine. He also said that DNF would be released in 1999.[15] In 1999, 3D Realms announced that they had upgraded to the newer version of the Unreal Engine. They released a second batch of screenshots on November 1 that showcased

Physics engine switch
On September 14, 2004, 3D Realms announced that they had replaced the Karma physics engine with one designed by Meqon. Several sites have speculated that Duke Nukem Forever will be using the latest


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generation of this technology, which was designed for next-gen consoles.[23]

Duke Nukem Forever
On March 21, 2006, 3D Realms CEO Scott Miller talked of a sequel by stating, "of course as soon as Duke is done we’ll begin a new one."[34] In June, in a filing with the SEC, Take-Two revealed that they had renegotiated the deal and will receive $4.25 million instead of $6 million upon the release of the game.[35] The filing also revealed that Take-Two was offering a $500,000 bonus if DNF was commercially released by December 31, 2006.[36] However, Broussard denied the rumors that DNF would be released, saying that 3D Realms never cared for or asked for the bonus. He stated that he would "never ship a game early."[37] On August 30, 2006, Shacknews reported that several key employees had left 3D Realms.[38] They speculated that the departures would lead to further delays for DNF. However, 3D Realms strongly denied these claims, stating that the employees had left over a number of months and that the game was still moving ahead.[39]

Conflict with Take-Two
On May 20, 2003, Jeffrey Lapin, then CEO of Take Two, told reporters that the game would not be out by the end of 2003.[24] In response, George Broussard commented on Shacknews, saying that "Take Two needs to STFU imo."[25] Later in the year, on December 18, 2003, Jeffrey Lapin said that 3D Realms had told him that Duke Nukem Forever was expected to be finished by the end of 2004, or the beginning of 2005.[20] On September 9, 2004, GameSpot reported that Duke Nukem Forever had switched to the Doom 3 engine.[26] Many gaming news sites mailed George Broussard, asking him to confirm or deny the rumor. After receiving no answer from him, they published the rumor as fact, ending the article with "Attempts to contact 3D Realms for comment were unsuccessful as of press time." Later that day, George Broussard explicitly denied the rumor and explained that he was not able to answer the emails because he was working elsewhere in the building.[26] On March 20, 2007, Scott Miller explained in an interview with YouGamers that they were still using the Unreal Engine, albeit a heavily modified version at this point.[27]


Rumors in April 2005 suggested that the game would appear at 2005 E3, along with 3D Realms’ previously canceled Prey. While Prey did make an appearance, the rumors of Duke Nukem Forever’s appearance turned out to be false.[28] In February 2006, Broussard gave an interview and updated the status on DNF. He reported that everything was together and in full production, and that the guns, creatures, and everything else had been finished. Broussard said that the development team was tweaking and polishing the game and putting it all together.[29] In April 2006, Broussard demonstrated samples of the game, including an early level, a vehicle sequence, and a few test rooms.[30] One notable[31] demonstration, according to the May 2006 issue[32] of Computer Games magazine featured the interactive use of an in-game computer to send actual e-mails.[33]

Duke Nukem Forever 2007 teaser screenshot On January 25, 2007 and May 22, 2007, George Broussard posted two Gamasutra job ads with small (200x125 pixel) screenshots of Duke Nukem holding two guns and an enemy (mutated pig). Broussard later confirmed that these were real in-game screenshots.[40][41] In July 2007, Game Informer released two new, low-res screenshots, one of which appears to be a previously unseen shot of an ingame level, the other being the front shot of Duke seen in the first 2007 screen, but from a slightly different angle.[42] A new video was released[43][44] on December 19, 2007 claimed to be made by employees of 3D Realms during their spare time to show at the annual Christmas


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party.[45] The announcement had also confirmed earlier speculation that composer Jeremy Soule (Total Annihilation, Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic, Secret of Evermore, Prey, Guild Wars, The Elder Scrolls: Oblivion) had joined the team. George Broussard made clear that the video was a teaser, rather than a trailer. He noted that all other media related to Duke Nukem Forever was no longer relevant, including the trailer released in 2001, and that a brand-new trailer would be released in the coming months. Broussard also confirmed that the video was shot real-time from the game, with the exception of some introduction and ending shots.[46] No such trailer has yet been released. 3D Realms has made it clear there is no set release date for the game and any shops claiming to have "insider" information are lying.[3] Miller "confirmed" a 2008 release date in an email sent to the Dallas Business Journal on February 6, 2008, although this was reportedly "off the record", and as such, no official release date has yet been given to the public. Broussard later denounced the statement.[47] It was suggested that the developers were pushing for a late-2008 release, but it was also stated that they "would probably miss it by a few months," leading to speculation that a 2009 release date would be the most accurate presumption.[48] A small screenshot of an enemy character was displayed alongside one of Dallas Business Journal’s articles on the game.[49] On June 5, 2008, in-game footage of the game was featured on the premiere episode of The Jace Hall Show. Filmed entirely on hand-held cameras but not originally expected to be publicly released,[50] the video showed host Jason Hall playing through parts of a single level[51] on a PC at 3D Realms’ offices. The footage was confirmed to have been shot 6 months prior[52] to the episode air date and according to Broussard, contained outdated particle and combat effects that had since been replaced.[53] Another job ad update for "Level Designers or Programmers" appeared on June 20, 2008 at Gamasutra featuring a thumbnailsized, in-game screenshot of Duke Nukem Forever. It depicted an updated model of Duke Nukem wielding a pistol and pipebomb in his hands, posed within a daylight outdoor

Duke Nukem Forever
environment. The job ad was later carried on the 3D Realms website.[54] Duke Nukem Forever was also absent from 2008’s E3. Prior to the event, Scott Miller, the CEO of 3D Realms, described E3 as "irrelevant."[55] Two unlockable screenshots were included with the September 24, 2008 release of Duke Nukem 3D on the Xbox Live Arcade. Located in the game’s art gallery upon earning all of Duke Nukem 3D’s achievements, one DNF screenshot featured a first person view of Duke reloading his pistol, while facing an Octabrain, with another in the distance, in a Dam. The other screenshot depicted a frontal close-up of Duke in a strip joint.[56] On December 18, 2008 a wallpaper image of several Duke Nukem Forever enemies was released by 3D Realms as a Christmas present to fans.[57] The picture, with lighting and models all from an in-game shot,[58] featured six different enemy creatures including two larger boss-like characters. Interactive details were revealed at this time in a comment by George Broussard, who stated that the depicted armor is bolted on enemy characters that wear it and could be blasted off with guns.[59] A similar but partial image was earlier revealed as a Christmas gift wrapping in a twitter update by George Broussard, taken at 3D Realms’ annual Christmas party gift exchange.[60] On January 12th, 2009 George Broussard posted on his Twitter account "Game developers often say ’Cutting is shipping’. We begin this year with a vengeance and a chainsaw."[61] This added speculation and a strengthened impression, particularly within the 3D Realms forums, that the game would be released in 2009.[62] On February 11, 2009, he also posted a photo of a bug list.[63]

3D Realms possible shutdown (May 2009)
3D Realms DNF staff were released on May 6, 2009 due to lack of funding, but 3D Realms will still operate as a smaller company.[64][65] Development on DNF halted, and its fate is unknown. Publisher Take-Two Interactive, in response, stated that they still hold the publishing rights for Duke Nukem Forever, but they were not funding the game.[66]


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On May 7 and May 8, 2009, unreleased screenshots, concept art and pictures of models from the game were posted by former employees on: http://talkinrealatyou.blogspot.com/ and http://www.squidcakes.blogspot.com/. On May 9, 2009, an unofficial Duke Nukem Forever gameplay video was leaked by a user of the Duke4.net forums. According to the user, the video was to serve as a demo reel for animator Bryan Brewer (who had been working on the game with 3D Realms), and Brewer had been waiting for approval from George Broussard, former co-owner of 3D Realms, at the time of the leak.[67] Since then, G4TV and IGN journalists began speculating that the news of 3D Realms’s apparent closure may actually be an elaborate viral marketing stunt.[68][69] However, the real status of the company and the layoffs were confirmed by 3D Realms in a statement released on May 18, 2009.[65] On 14 May, 2009, Take-Two filed a lawsuit against 3D Realms – known by its legal name in the case, Apogee Software Ltd – over their failure to complete Duke Nukem Forever, citing that they paid $12 million to Infogrames in 2000 to acquire the publishing rights.[7] 3D Realms argues, however, that they never received that money, as it was a direct agreement between Infogrames and Take-Two. [70] The lawsuit seems to be over a contractual breach, but not regarding the $12 million mentioned above.[71] Take-Two has asked for a restraining order and a preliminary injunction, to make 3D Realms keep the Duke Nukem Forever assets intact during proceedings. [72]

Duke Nukem Forever
officially considered removing DNF from their annual list, citing that "even the best jokes get old eventually", only to reconsider upon viewing the handheld camera footage of the game in The Jace Hall Show, awarding the game with first place once again.[81] Duke Nukem Forever has drawn a number of jokes related to its development timeline. The video gaming media and public in general have routinely suggested several names in place of Forever, calling it "Never", "(Taking) Forever", "Whenever", "ForNever", "Neverever", and "If Ever". Many fans have noted that the game’s initials also stand for Did Not Finish.[82] When the GameSpy editors compiled a list of the "Top 25 Dumbest Moments in Gaming History" in June 2003, Duke Nukem Forever placed #18.[83] Zero Punctuation critic Ben Croshaw has noted that perhaps a decade of anticipation might raise the bar for the game to unreachable levels, saying, "I just hope that 3D Realms understands that if this game doesn’t turn out to be history’s greatest contribution to human culture and the cure for at least one type of cancer, I and every other reviewer on earth are going to saw its bollocks off."[84] Jason Hall, host of The Jace Hall Show, featured Duke Nukem Forever in the show’s premiere episode on June 4, 2008 and described his hands-on play experience with the game as "perfect", ending the segment with "I saw it. They have been working. It’s not a myth. You’re going to be pleased." Hall also jokingly asked Broussard and Miller in the interview segment "with the most love anyone could possibly [ask the question]: what the fuck is taking so long?", to which Broussard joked, "There’s of course been the hookers and the cocaine, there’s been a lot of mistakes, and a lot of lessons we had to learn, and most of all there’s been a lot of World of Warcraft."[85] In a subsequent interview with 1UP.com on June 5, 2008, Jason Hall described the game as "amazing" with the summation, "This might be the only game in history worth waiting 12 years for, perhaps longer.... It was good."[86]

Press coverage
Wired News has awarded Duke Nukem Forever its Vaporware Awards several times. It placed second in June 2000 and topped the list in 2001 and 2002.[73][74][75] Wired created the Vaporware Lifetime Achievement Award exclusively for DNF and awarded it in 2003. George Broussard accepted the award, simply stating, "We’re undeniably late and we know it."[76] In 2004, the game did not make the top 10; Wired editors said that they had given DNF the Lifetime Achievement Award to get it off of the list.[77] However, upon readers’ demands, Wired changed its mind, and DNF won first place in 2005, 2006 and 2007.[78][79][80] In 2008, Wired staff

Parody references
The game has been extensively made fun of in various media, competing videogames not being an exception. Arcade shooter Serious Sam II made numerous references to the


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game: this is because Serious Sam: First Encounter and Second Encounter and Serious Sam II were all started and finished during part of the development period of Duke Nukem Forever. The developers were well aware of this, making game characters in Serious Sam II talk constantly about some "blondie guy" who never arrived, which is why Sam has to save the world instead. In addition, every time the word "forever" is spoken in the game, it’s fully capitalised in the subtitles. On one of the marshland maps, there is also a secret location where Duke’s skeleton can be found hanging from a dead tree, with a rocket placed in his rear and equipment for Sam to collect. When the player discovers this location, Sam exclaims that the dead hero must’ve been hanging there "...FOREVER." Developer Prophets of Sam also maintain the website "Serious Sam Forever" with nothing but an undefined shot of the hero and a trailer movie accessible, to further parody 3D Realms.[87] The game is also referenced during the ending to Suda 51’s No More Heroes, when a character demands an obscene story be censored to avoid a game delay, asking, "You don’t want this to be No More Heroes Forever, do you?"

Duke Nukem Forever
[8] ^ IGN Staff. "Duke Nukem Forever". IGN. June 1, 2001. Accessed January 27, 2007. [9] Webster, Stephen C. "3D Realms readies its Duke Nukem sequel, finally". Dallas Business Journal. Retrieved November 28, 2008. [10] Broussard, George. "3D Realms Licenses id Software’s ’Quake II’ Engine for `Duke Nukem Forever’". Planet Duke. April 28, 1997. [11] "The Official Duke Nukem Forever FAQ". Planet Duke. Last updated January 8, 2005. [12] "Duke does Quake - The Big Question Answered - Why?" 3D Realms through archive.org. Retrieved May 10, 2007. [13] "The Fall Of Duke Nukem". Eurogamer. May 30, 2003. [14] "DNF from E3past". Kotaku. March 22, 2006. [15] ^ "Duke Nukem Forever Switches to Unreal Engine". 3D Realms. June 15, 1998. [16] Duke Nukem Forever screenshot gallery [17] 1999 3D Realms Christmas Card - Page 2. 3D Realms. Retrieved August 7, 2006. [18] "Duke Nukem Turns His Life Over to g.o.d.". 3D Realms. December 4, 2000. [19] 2000 3D Realms Christmas Card - Page 3. 3D Realms. Retrieved August 7, 2006. [20] ^ Thorsen, Tor. "No Duke Nukem Forever ’til 2005?". December 18, 2003. GameSpot. Retrieved January 31, 2007. [21] "Duke Nukem Forever Bits". Voodoo Extreme. April 13, 2004. [22] "DNF Engine Status". Duke4.de. January 14, 2004. [23] "GDC: Duke Nukem Forever physics surpass Half-Life 2". Gameindustry.biz. September 3, 2005. [24] Varanini, Giancarlo. "Take-Two reveals new games in lineup". GameSpot. May 29, 2003. [25] Morris, Chris. "Duke Nukem vs. Take Two". CNN Money. June 11, 2003. [26] ^ Thorsen, Tor. "3D Realms denies Duke Nukem Forever using Doom 3 engine". GameSpot. September 10, 2004. [27] "Scott Miller interview at YouGamers" [28] McNamara, Tom. "E3 2005: Duke Nukem Forever Not Here". IGN. May 19, 2005. [29] George Broussard Interview from 1UP.com. January 31, 2006. 1UP.com. Retrieved August 7, 2006.

[1] Comments - 3D Realms’ George Broussard Tosses Out Duke Nukem Forever Information Scraps - Shacknews - PC Games, PlayStation, Xbox 360 and Wii video game news, previews and dow... [2] http://www.3drealms.com/games.html [3] ^ "3D Realms official DNF info page". 3D Realms. Retrieved March 31, 2008. [4] Take-Two Interactive, Publisher "Duke Nukem Forever". Take-Two Games. [5] Walbank, Mark. "Feature: The Most Delayed Games". ComputerAndVideoGames.com. Retrieved November 28, 2008. [6] "http://www.shacknews.com/onearticle.x/ 58519". Shack News. Retrieved May 06, 2009. [7] ^ "http://kotaku.com/5255220/take+twosues-duke-nukem-forever-devs-overfailure-to-deliver". Kotaku. Retrieved May 14, 2009.


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[30] Carless, Simon. "Broussard Updates Duke Nukem Forever Status". Gamesutra. April 12, 2006 [31] Siegler, Joe "The Duke and I". 3D Realms. March 29, 2006. [32] Yatta "The Duke and I". Duke4.net. March 30, 2006. [33] "The Duke and I". Computer Games Magazine, May 2006. [34] 3D Realms Interview [35] Form 10-Q: Take-Two Interactive Software. Quarterly report ending April 30, 2006. Retrieved August 7, 2006. [36] Thorsen, Tor. "Take-Two stock tanks, Duke Nukem Forever due by Dec. 31?". June 9, 2006. GameSpot. [37] Thorson, Tor. "Broussard: We won’t rush Duke Nukem Forever". June 13, 2006. GameSpot. [38] Remo, Chris. "3D Realms Sees Major Employee Departures, Fate of DNF in Question?". Shacknews. August 30, 2006. [39] Thorson, Tor. "Staff shift stirs 3D Realms". GameSpot. August 31, 2006. [40] Sinclair, Brendan. ""Duke Nukem Forever resurfaces"". GameSpot. http://www.gamespot.com/news/ 6164892.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-26. [41] Broussard, George. "" Programmer ad"". 3D Realms. http://forums.3drealms.com/ vb/showthread.php?t=26857l. Retrieved on 2007-05-22. [42] "New DNF Screenshot in Game Informer". http://forums.3drealms.com/ vb/showthread.php?t=27262. Retrieved on 2007-07-14. [43] "New DNF Trailer. Official Forums". http://forums.3drealms.com/vb/ showthread.php?t=29639. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. [44] "New DNF Trailer. Shacknews". http://www.shacknews.com/onearticle.x/ 50457. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. [45] "Teaser Video Coming 3D Realms forums". http://forums.3drealms.com/vb/ showthread.php?t=29639. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. [46] "New DNF Trailer. Official Forums". http://forums.3drealms.com/vb/ showthread.php?t=29639&page=8#316. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. [47] 3D Realms Disputes ’Confirmed’ Reports of Duke Nukem Forever on PC and Consoles This Year - Shacknews - PC Games, PlayStation, Xbox 360 and Wii

Duke Nukem Forever
video game news, previews and downloads [48] Webster, Stephen C. "’Duke Nukem Forever’ release possible in 2008, coming to home consoles". Dallas Business Journal. http://www.bizjournals.com/dallas/ stories/2008/02/04/daily17.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-29. [49] "DNF Thumb Causes Sexplosion in Fans Worldwide". http://www.duke4.net/ comment.php?comment.news.172. Retrieved on 2008-02-15. [50] "New Duke Nukem Forever Footage Released". http://www.shacknews.com/ laryn.x?id=17125966. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [51] "The Jace Hall DNF Footage Thread". http://forums.3drealms.com/vb/ showpost.php?p=707889&postcount=791. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [52] "The Jace Hall DNF Footage Thread". http://forums.3drealms.com/vb/ showpost.php?p=708402&postcount=1180. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [53] "The Jace Hall DNF Footage Thread". http://forums.3drealms.com/vb/ showpost.php?p=708759&postcount=1361. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [54] "Help Wanted!". http://www.3drealms.com/news/2008/06/ help_wanted.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-23. [55] Earnest Cavalli (2008-06-30). "Duke Nukem Forever Devs: E3 is ’Irrelevant’". Wired. http://blog.wired.com/games/ 2008/06/3d-realms-we-vi.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-18. [56] "New Duke Nukem Forever Screenshots Released". http://www.shacknews.com/ onearticle.x/54940. Retrieved on 2008-09-26. [57] "Merry Christmas from 3D Realms". http://www.3drealms.com/news/2008/12/ merry_christmas_from_3dr.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-18. [58] "Morning Discussion". http://www.shacknews.com/ laryn.x?id=18740262#itemanchor_18740262. Retrieved on 2008-12-18. [59] "Morning Discussion". http://www.shacknews.com/ laryn.x?id=18740469#itemanchor_18740469. Retrieved on 2008-12-18.


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[60] "Couple of interesting wrappings.". http://twitpic.com/sp7x. Retrieved on 2008-12-14. [61] "Cutting is shipping 2009 comment". http://twitter.com/georgeb3dr/status/ 1113846468. Retrieved on 2009-01-21. [62] "Duke Nukem Forever shipping in 2009?". http://pcgametech.wordpress.com/2009/ 01/13/duke-nukem-forever-shippingin-2009/. Retrieved on 2009-03-19. [63] http://twitter.com/georgeb3dr/status/ 1200812416 [64] http://forums.3drealms.com/vb/ showthread.php?t=35716 [65] ^ Totilo, Stephen (2009-05-18). "3D Realms: We’re Not Closing, Spent $20 Million On Duke Nukem Forever". Kotaku. http://kotaku.com/5259942/3drealms-were-not-closing-spent-20-millionon-duke-nukem-forever. Retrieved on 2009-05-18. [66] http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/ 8037688.stm [67] http://www.duke4.net/forums/ index.php?showtopic=814 [68] http://g4tv.com/thefeed/blog/post/ 695479/Is-The-Duke-Nukem-ForeverCancellation-A-Huge-Publicity-Stunt.html [69] http://ve3d.ign.com/articles/news/47009/ Saved-Duke-Nukem-Dot-Com [70] "http://kotaku.com/5257517/3d-realmsmiller-responds-to-take+two-nukemsuit". Kotaku. Retrieved May 16, 2009. [71] Breckon, Nick (2009-05-14). "Take-Two Sues 3D Realms for Failing to Deliver Duke Nukem Forever (Updated)". Shacknews. http://www.shacknews.com/ onearticle.x/58642. Retrieved on 2009-05-16. [72] Breckon, Nick (2009-05-15). "Take-Two v. 3D Realms Court Documents Materialize, 3DR’s Scott Miller Responds". Shacknews. http://www.shacknews.com/onearticle.x/ 58651. Retrieved on 2009-05-16. [73] Kahney, Leander. "Vaporware 2000: Missing Inaction". December 27, 2000. Wired News.

Duke Nukem Forever

[74] Manjoo, Farhad. "Vaporware 2001: Empty Promises". January 7, 2002. Wired News. [75] Vaporware Team. "Vaporware 2002: Tech Up in Smoke?". Wired News. January 3, 2003. [76] Vaporware Team Null. "Vaporware: Nuke ’Em if Ya Got ’Em". Wired News. January 20, 2004. [77] Vaporware Team. "Vaporware Phantom Haunts Us All". January 7, 2005. Wired News. [78] Kahney, Leander. "Vaporware: Better Late Than Never". Wired News. February 6, 2006. [79] Calore, Michael. "Vaporware ’06: Return of the King". Wired News. December 27, 2006. [80] Calore, Michael. "Vaporware ’07: Long Live the King". Wired News. December 20, 2007. [81] Wired Staff. "Vaporware 2008: Crushing Disappointments, False Promises and Plain Old BS". Wired News. December 29, 2008. [82] http://www.google.co.uk/ search?sourceid=mozclient&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&q=% [83] "Never Bet on the Duke". Top 25 Dumbest Moments in Gaming History. GameSpy. June 10, 2003. [84] http://www.escapistmagazine.com/ videos/view/zero-punctuation/ 26-Yahtzee-Goes-to-GDC [85] "The Jace Hall Show". http://www.jacehallshow.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-04. [86] "Jason Hall Discusses His New Online Show". http://www.1up.com/do/ newsStory?cId=3168117. Retrieved on May 7, 2009. [87] http://www.serioussamforever.com/

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Duke Nukem Forever

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