Writing a Chemistry Research Paper - DOC

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					  Reading, Writing and Chemistry – a multidisciplinary Project (50 points)

        In studying chemistry, we look at historical perspectives, clear
analysis and communication, and the impact of chemistry on our economy.
This assignment will let you focus on all three of these as you find out much
more about one small area of chemistry that you think would be interesting.
Research and write a 3 page paper (Times New Roman 12 font, double
spaced, 1” margins; approximately 300 – 325 words per page) on one of the
following important discoveries in chemistry. Your paper should include but is
not limited to: who made the discovery, where and when? If background
information is important, what is it? What was the significance of the
discovery then and now? What uses were made of the discovery then and
now? If this is currently a material of commerce, or involved in materials of
commerce, what companies are major sources of the material or discovery?
What is current sales volume? (NOTE – this last item is IMPORTANT. Don’t
leave it out. Aside from how inherently fascinating and pervasive chemistry
is, I suspect if it was not also important economically, it would have a smaller
place in our curricula.) What is the important chemistry involved, including
names of materials, sources, balanced chemical equations for important
chemical reactions making or using the discovery? You must use and cite at
least three sources. Only two of these sources can be from the internet; one
or more must be from (a) printed source(s) other than an encyclopedia (that
is, no encyclopedias). The paper must be well-organized, clearly written, and
factually correct. Illustrations are welcome, and should be included (tables
of data, equations, structures, pictures, etc.), but do not count towards your
page count.

Select your topic by this Friday (12/4). Have back-up choices, because this
is one person to a topic; first come, first served. The paper is due Monday,
January 4. Where possible, you should demonstrate how this discovery links
to chemistry you have learned already.

1) Invention of nylon

2) Invention of black (gun) powder & DuPont Company; potassium nitrate

3) Discovery/invention of Teflon®
4) Invention of the Haber process

5) Invention of nitroglycerine and dynamite

6) First synthesis of mauve (and where it led)

7) Discovery and production of aspirin

8) Discovery and commercial production of aluminum

9) Discovery of radium

10) Discovery of vulcanization of rubber

11) Invention of Bakelite®

12) Invention of “DDT” (4,4'-(2,2,2-trichloroethane-
    1,1-diyl)bis(chlorobenzene))

13) Invention of process of uranium refining for the atomic bomb

14) Invention of Aspartame (Nutra-Sweet)

15) Invention of liquid fuel(s) for rockets

16) Invention of salversan

17) Invention of stainless steel

18) Synthesis/history of sulfuric acid

19) Invention of peanut butter (and related products)

20) Synthesis of progesterone, testosterone and cortisone

21) Invention of Kevlar®

22) Invention of CS (2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile)
23) Synthesis of insulin

24) Development of anesthetics for surgery

25) Introduction of antiseptics in surgery

25) Modern manufacturing of paper

26) Synthesis, use and mis-use of ammonium nitrate

27) Invention of “plate” glass (float process)

28) Invention of “Pyrex®” glass

29) Invention of rayon

30) Invention of Agent Orange

31) Invention of the “battery” – the electric pile

32) Invention of SBR (styrene-butadiene rubber)

33) Invention and uses of Nomex®

34) Invention of Celluloid®

35) Discovery, use, and phase-out of tetraethyl lead

36) Robert Boyle and the development of Boyle’s Law

37) Antoine Lavoisier and the discovery of oxygen

38) Invention of Prozac

39) Discovery of ibuprofen and related NSAID pain relievers
The next section consists of important basic chemicals: a good paper on one
of these will be heavy on the commercial uses.

40) Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

41) Benzene and Kekule’s dream

42) Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB’s)

43) Caffeine

44) Calcium oxide (lime)

45) Gypsum (CaSO4)

46) Citric Acid

47) Cocaine

48) Dichlorodifluromethane (CFC-12 and other CFC’s)

49) EDTA

50) Hydrogen Peroxide

52) Phenol

53) Quinine

54) Saccharine

55) Sodium Carbonate

56) Sulfuric Acid

57) Barbituric Acid (barbiturates)
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