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					      Job:


An Integrative Study
     Why an Integrative Study?
o   An integrative study provides a most
    complete framework for the study of Job
o   Allows us to consider facts and theology
    while not losing the practical implications
    of the book of Job
             Objectives of this Study
 To demonstrate that God is worthy of love apart from the
  blessings he provides.
 To explain that God may allow suffering as a means to
  purify and strengthen a person in godliness.
 To underscore that God has a vast frame of reference often
  difficult for us to construe but the absolutely correct frame
  of reference.
 To explore the justice of God who treats the righteous with
  suffering.
 To demonstrate to Satan that God’s blessing of believers is
  not contingent upon fearing him, but is unconditional
  because he first loved them.
 To address wrestling with affliction that defies human
  explanation.
                  Outline

I.   A Brief Introduction- Prologue
II.  A Court in Heaven and on Earth
III. A Study of Positions.- Dialogue
IV. An Apologetic of the Redeemer.- Epilogue
V.   A Practical Study
                I. Introduction
   Job is translated to boYa in Hebrew, which means to
    repent.
   He was pious (1:1), prosperous(1:2,3), and posteriors
    (1:4,5)
   Job could have been a contemporary of the patriarchs.
   This is one of the oldest books in the bible, along with
    Genesis. Believed to have been either authored or
    translated into Hebrew by Moses.
   He lived more than 140 yrs like the patriarchs.
   Other intangibles….
     II. A Court in Heaven and on Earth
Trial in Heaven:
Who is/are on trial? Job, God
Who is the plaintiff/accuser? Satan
Who is the Jury? The angels, us.

Trial on Earth:
Who is on trial? Job, God
Who is/are the plaintiff/accuser(s)? The three friends, Job.
Who is the Jury? Elihu, us.
Who is the Judge? God
Who and where is the defense????????????????????
*******What is the Verdict?*******
             Theme(verdict):
   The reasons for suffering in a believers life
    are not necessarily related to human
    explanations of personal unrighteousness,
    but are within the scope of God’s good and
    powerful providence resulting in the defeat
    of evil and glory to himself.
     III. A Study of Positions
What is a position?
 A position is a theological or philosophical
 stand regarding an issue.
Who had positions in the book of Job?
 Satan, Mrs. Job, Job’s friend, Job, Elihu,
 and God.
               Satan’s Position
“Does Job fear God for nothing?” 1:9
“Skin for skin, a man will give up all he has for his
  own life”2:4
   Serving God is only behaviorally contingent upon its
    rewards-1:9,10
   Removal of God’s contingency of rewards results in
    apostasy-1:11
   Application of an aversive stimuli in the sense of
    punishment would result in the extinction of God fearing
    behavior-1:11
   Adversity must produce apostasy-1:11
   This life is everything- 2:4,5
          Mrs. Job’s Position
“Are you still holding on to your integrity, curse God
  and die” Chap 2: 9

 Integrity should be conditional, shaped by
  contingencies of reward.
 Apostasy results in immediate judgment.
 The sufferings of this present time are too much
  cost compared to the glory that will follow.
     Position of Job’s Friends
In three cycles of speeches they rebuke Job:
1) Cycle 1 of Speeches and Job's
    Response-
    God Punishes the Wicked and Blesses the Good:
    4:1--14:22
2) Cycle 2 of Speeches and Job's
    Response- -
   The Wicked Suffer and Perish because They Are
   against God: 15:1--21:34
3) Cycle 3 of Speeches and Job's
   Response—
                   Eliphaz versus Job
   Eliphaz 1: Eliphaz accused           Job: Job responded by affirming
    Job of being inconsistent             that his suffering was causing his
    since suffering results from          rash desire to die, Eliphaz's
    sin and no one is pure                response has disappointed him,
    before God; thus he urged             and by asking for forgiveness if
    Job to ask God to help him            he has sinned 6:1--7:21
    and affirmed that God would
    deliver him after He had
    disciplined him 4:1--5:27            Job: Job responds rebuking his
                                          friends for being no help, desiring
   Eliphaz 2: Eliphaz affirms
                                          to plead his case with God, and
    that Job's words are
                                          affirming is situation of despair
    meaningless, that he is
    guilty, and that he is like the       16:1-- 17:16
    wicked because he is in
    distress 15:1-35                     Job: Job longs to plead his case
   Eliphaz 3: Proclaiming God's          before God 23:1--24:25
    disinterest in Job for his
    social deviations and
    spiritual defiance, Eliphaz
    urges him to repent for God
                    Bildad versus Job
   Bildad 1: Bildad affirmed that      Job: Job responds by
    history has confirmed that if        affirming God's wisdom and
    Job is righteous God will            power, asking why He is
    restore him, unlike the              against him, and requesting
    ungodly who perish 8:1-22            to die 9:1--10:22

   Bildad 2: Bildad rebukes Job        Job: Job rebukes his friends
    for his arrogant words about         for tormenting and insulting
    them, and affirms that the           him, affirms that God has
    wicked, like he, are                 wronged him, urges his
    weakened, ensnared,                  friends to have pity on him,
    diseased, insecure,                  and affirms that God will
    forgotten, hated, and alone          prove his innocence after his
    18:1-21                              death and judge his friends
                                         19:1-29
   Bildad 3: Bildad affirmed that
    because God is great and            Job: Job affirms that his
    man is small and impure              friends are not help to him
    there was no hope for Job to         since he knows that God is
    be just and clean 25:1-6             great and powerful over
                Zophar versus Job
   Zophar 1: Zophar              Job: Job responds by
    rebukes Job by                 criticizing Zophar for not
    affirming that God             telling him anything
    should show him true           new, not helping him,
    wisdom and by                  and not representing
    affirming that if he           God well, whereupon,
    would turn to God, he          he again asks God to
    would be blessed 11:1-         let him die 12:1--14:22
    20                            Job: Job retorts that his
                                   impatience is excusable
    Zophar 2: Zophar              and reminds Zophar
    accuses Job of insulting       that the wicked prosper
    him and reminds him            and live (unlike he)
    that the wicked may be         21:1-34
    blessed, but they will
    then loose their riches
    20:1-29
            Job’s Final Remarks
   Transitionary Discourse on God's Wisdom: Job affirms that
    although man is skillful in mining, wisdom is harder to find for it
    is God who knows where wisdom is 28:1-28
   Job's Desire for His Former Estate of Glory: Job wishes that he
    was in his former days of spiritual blessing, material prosperity
    and social prestige which occurred because he helped the
    needy, exercised justice and counseled others 29:1-25
   Job's Lament of His Present Miserable Humiliation: Job
    proclaims his misery as he is mocked by poor young men and
    vagabonds, and his humiliation as he is in pain and nobody
    helps him 30:1-31.
   Job's Ultimate Challenge--An Oath of Innocence which 'Legally'
    Calls God to Answer" 31:1-40
           Elihu’s Position
i.   Four Speeches by Elihu: 32:1--37:24
ii. Introduction of Elihu: 32:1-5
iii. Elihu's First Speech- God Instructs people
     through Affliction: 32:6--33:33
iv. Elihu's Second Speech to the Three Friends
     and Job—God is Just and Prudence is
     Vindicated: 34:1-37
v. Elihu's Third Speech to Job—There are
     Advantages to Piety: 35:1-16
vi. Elihu's Fourth Speech to Job (and Friends)–
     God is Great and Job is Ignorant: 36:1--
     37:24
              God’s Position
        “Brace yourself like a man, I will question
        you and you shall answer….” 38:9
God interviews Job in two speeches:
1. First Interview with Yahweh-- Job is Limited in
  Knowledge: 38:1--40:5
   1) Yahweh Challenged Job: 38:1-3
   2) Yahweh Questioned Job Regarding Two Areas of
     Creation: the physical and animal world.
   Here God asks Job to listen.
2. Second Interview with God –Job is Limited in
  Power: 40:6--42:6
  1) Yahweh Challenged Job to Listen: 40:6-14
  2) Yahweh questioned Job Regarding Two animals
  of Creation: the Behemoth and the Leviathan
                  Job’s Reply
   Job Replied with Repentance: 42:1-6
   “…Surely I spoke of things I did not understand,
    things too wonderful for me to know.
    4 "You said, 'Listen now, and I will speak;
    I will question you,
    and you shall answer me.'
    5 My ears had heard of you
    but now my eyes have seen you.
    6 Therefore I despise myself
    and repent in dust and ashes."
               Stuff to think about!!!
   Why do bad things happen to good people?
    (clichéic question)

   Do you think the book of Job answers this
    question?

   What about Satan’s position, is there an iota
    of truth in it? Ask behaviorist’s! Why is this
    position wrong?

   Think about the position of the three friends in
    a general sense, does sin result in immediate
    judgment? Why is their position wrong even
    in a general sense?
      IV. An Apologetic of the
             Redeemer
A.   Job as a type of Christ
B.   Job’s appeal to the Redeemer
                 Job as a Type of Christ
   In the character Job, Christ is certainly foreshadowed.
   Like Christ, Job was suffering innocently.
    Compare Job 16: 10,11 to Ps 22:13, 35:21
   Both were tried by Satan- Chap 1&2, Matt 4:1-11
   Both were regarded as being smitten by God and afflicted by him-
    Isaiah 53:4
   Both made atonement for the sins of their adversaries-Job 42:7-10,
    Dan 7: 13-14, Rom 5:10, Col 1:10
   Both learned submission to God through the things they suffered-
    42:1-6, Heb 5:7-10
   After their suffering, they became designated High priests, and neither
    was Levite- Job 42:7-10, Heb 5:7-10
   Both were restored to glory- 42:12-17, Matt 28:18, Mark 16:19, Heb
    1:2-13
             B. Appeal to the Redeemer

   Job on trial…..
   Judge- God, Satan-accuser, Three friends-witnesses…Elihu and us -
    bystanders.
   Where is Job’s defense?
   "He is not a man like me that I might answer him, that we might
    confront each other in court. If only there were someone to arbitrate
    between us, to lay his hand upon us both, someone to remove God's
    rod from me, so that his terror would frighten me no more. Then I
    would speak up without fear of him, but as it now stands with me, I
    cannot” –9:32-35
   We can almost hear Isaiah emphatically, “…he will send them a savior
    and a defender, and he will rescue them.” Is 19:20c
          A Heavenly Advocate
    “Even now my witness is in heaven, my advocate is on
    high. My intercessor is my friend as my eyes pour out tears
    to God; on behalf of a man he pleads with God as a man
    pleads for his friend” 16:19,20
   The arbitrator cannot be a mere human.
   The defender has access to heaven- Heb 4:14, 9:24
   This person is a friend who understand Job’s tears- John
    15:13-15, Heb 4:15
   This person makes petition on Job’s behalf-John 17:1-26
                     Key Verse:
   “I know that my Redeemer lives, and that in the end he
    will stand upon the earth. And after my skin has been
    destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God; I myself will see
    him with my own eyes--I, and not another. How my heart
    yearns within me! If you say, 'How we will hound him,
    since the root of the trouble lies in him,' you should fear
    the sword yourselves; for wrath will bring punishment by
    the sword, and then you will know that there is judgment.”
    19:25-27
           Who is the Redeemer?
The Hebrew word for redeemer is go’el, a person
  who makes a payment to free someone else from
  obligation.
“Surely mockers surround me;my eyes must dwell on
  their hostility. “Give me O God the pledge you
  demand. Who else will put up security for me?”-
  17:2,3
   V. A Practical Study- Socratic Method
Challenges from the Jobian positions:
-Can God present us as exceptions?
-If those contingent benefits were removed, would we go
    apostate?
-In the face of adversity, would we go apostate or stand in the
    rain?
-Are we willing to give up spiritual life for physical life?
Think about Mrs. Job and the three friends, how could they
    have been more supportive?
God rebukes the three friends for not speaking the truth about
    him and commends Job for doing so. What does this teach
    us?
Read 42:1-6. How can we see God through our suffering as
    Job saw God through his?
  Open Forum



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