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					                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)



             MASSACHUSETTS SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY AND READINESS CHART
                                (STAR CHART)
        Massachusetts Education Technology Advisory Council's1 (ETAC's) School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart) is
        designed to promote best practices in the use of technology in the Commonwealth’s schools. Districts can use it to find
        suggested next steps along the technology continuum to improve teaching, learning, and educational management. It can
        also be used to inform decision/policy makers about the complexity of the issue and how multiple elements must be
        addressed simultaneously to ensure the effectiveness of technology implementation and use.

        The STaR Chart is organized to address the impact of technology in four broad realms. Each realm contains multiple focus
        areas that describe a typical progression from early through advanced technology use. Each level builds upon the
        capabilities of the earlier level. The focus areas recommended for use in the Massachusetts Local Technology Plan
        Benchmarks are indicated below by an “*.” For these identified focus areas, ETAC recommends the STaR Chart’s "Proficient
        Tech" level as the targeted “Level of Progress.”

           1. Teaching and Learning
                    Impact of Technology on Teacher Role
                    Patterns of Teacher Use*
                    Design of Instructional Setting
                    Curriculum Areas
                    Patterns of Student Use*

           2. Educator Preparation and Development


Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                    Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                    Content of Training
                    Capabilities of Educators*
                    Leadership of Principals, Teacher Leaders, and District Administrators
                    Models of Professional Development
                    Levels of Understanding
                    Universal Access: Integration of Universal Design and Assistive Technology

           3. Administration and Support Services
                    Vision and Planning
                    Technical Support (hardware, operating system, network)*
                    Technology Integration Specialist*
                    Budget Levels
                    Budget Allocated for Technology (Total Cost of Ownership)*

           4. Infrastructure for Technology
                    Universal Design and Accessible Technology Considerations (e.g. Section 508)
                    Students Per Instructional Computer*
                    Internet Access Connectivity/Speed*
                    E-learning Environments*
                  LAN/WAN *
                    Other Technologies
                    Safety and Security*


Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                        Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

        The STaR Chart was derived from the Texas chart2 of the same name several years ago. The Massachusetts STaR Chart has
        subsequently been updated several times. This is the first update since November 2006. 3 Note that the axes of the 2006
        STaR chart have been transposed for the 2010 version.

   WHY A STAR CHART

        There are several reasons why ETAC maintains this chart:

           1. ETAC believes that any strategic technology plan for the Commonwealth should reflect the best practices
              incorporated in the chart. All plans should consider these expectations for schools, teachers, students, and
              infrastructure as goals to strive for over time.

           2. ETAC believes it is important to have clear standards for every school district. We recommend that Massachusetts
              Local Technology Plan Benchmarks be defined by the Proficient Tech level of the following focus areas:
                    Patterns of Teacher Use (Row B)
                    Patterns of Student Use (Row E)
                    Capabilities of Educators (Row G)
                    Technical Support (Row M)
                    Curriculum Integration Staffing (Row N)
                    Budget Allocated for Technology (Row P)
                    Students per Instructional Computer (Row R)
                    Internet Access (Row S)
                    E-Learning Environments (Row T)
                    LAN/WAN (Row U)


Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                        Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                    Safety and Security (Row W)

           3. The STaR chart provides a common set of goals for guidance to the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and
               Secondary Education when distributing technology grants. This guidance is part of ETAC's charge from the
               Commissioner.

   STAR CHART ASSUMPTIONS

        There are several assumptions built into this work:

           1. Technology should be integrated into teaching and learning so that its use extends opportunities and potential for all
              students.

           2. The effective use of technology involves the many elements specified by the focus areas. Technology in education,
              used appropriately and effectively, is a complex set of interactions of people, materials, infrastructure and continuous
              support. It is not a single investment at one time.

           3. The chart will be reviewed annually and updated as needed.

           4. The chart is "forward looking" because technology constantly changes and educators need to consider how these
              changes impact teaching and learning and educational management.

           The chart strikes a balance between what is reasonable in schools given the current funding and what is desirable given
           our goals for student learning and each community's expectations.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                        Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)


1. TEACHING AND LEARNING

                                                                       Levels of Progress
Row     Focus Areas             Early Tech              Developing Tech              Proficient Tech                Advanced Tech
 (A)     Impact of   Mostly teacher-centered         Mostly teacher directed    Mostly teacher-facilitated   Mostly student-centered
       Technology on lectures. Minimal               learning. Students use     learning. Students use       learning, teacher as
        Teacher Role student use of                  technology to work on      technology for               mentor/facilitator. Students
                     technology in                   individual projects.       cooperative projects in      use technology to
                     instruction.                                               their own classroom.         communicate and
                                                                                                             collaborate outside the
                                                                                                             classroom.
 (B)     Patterns of    85% of teachers use          85% of teachers explore    85% of teachers use          85% of teachers integrate
        Teacher Use     technology as a              using technology to        technology for research,     evolving technologies that
                        productivity tool (e.g.,     support curriculum goals   lesson planning,             transform the teaching
                        email, grades) and/or as     (e.g. research, lesson     multimedia and graphical     process by allowing for
                        a classroom supplement       planning).                 presentations, and           greater levels of access,
                        (e.g. drill and practice).                              simulations. Teachers        interest, inquiry, analysis,
                                                                                share technology uses        collaboration, creativity,
                                                                                with colleagues.             and content production.
 (C)      Design of     Mostly computer labs or Labs, libraries, many           Lab, libraries, all          Seamlessly integrated
        Instructional   libraries; scheduled use classrooms; flexible           classrooms, and portable     throughout classes and all
           Setting      only.                    scheduling.                    technology (e.g. wireless    content areas. Technology is
                                                                                laptops or handheld          available anytime both in
                                                                                electronic devices);         school and within the
                                                                                flexible scheduling.         community.



Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                            Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                       Levels of Progress
Row     Focus Areas             Early Tech              Developing Tech             Proficient Tech                Advanced Tech
 (D)     Curriculum     Limited to teaching         Use of technology is      Integrated into most          Integral to all curricular
           Areas        technology skills at        minimal in a few          Curriculum Framework          areas at all grade levels.
                        different grade levels.     curricular areas across   areas and activities at all
                                                    grade levels.             grade levels.
 (E)    Patterns of     Less than half of           More than half of         Almost all of students        All students show
        Student Use     students show               students show             show proficiency in all       proficiency in all
                        proficiency in all          proficiency in all        Massachusetts                 Massachusetts Technology
                        Massachusetts               Massachusetts             Technology Literacy           Literacy Standards and
                        Technology Literacy         Technology Literacy       Standards and                 Expectations for their grade.
                        Standards and               Standards and             Expectations for their
                        Expectations4 for their     Expectations for their    grade.
                        grade.                      grade.
 (F)     Content of     Technology skills (email,   Training encompasses      Training directly ties        Training focuses on
          Training      word processing,            more complex              technology to its use in      modeling, mentoring, and
                        Iinternet browser use,      professional uses         content areas and how to      adopting new technologies
                        etc.) for teachers'         (district applications    effectively manage it in      as well as the integration of
                        professional use.           such as attendance and    the classroom.                Universal Design and access
                                                    report cards, scanners,                                 considerations for all
                                                    cameras) and curriculum                                 students.
                                                    integration strategies.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                           Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)


2. EDUCATOR PREPARATION AND DEVELOPMENT


                                                                        Levels of Progress
Row       Focus Areas              Early Tech              Developing Tech               Proficient Tech              Advanced Tech
 (G)     Capabilities of   100% meet TSAT and/or       80% meet TSAT and/or         80% meet TSAT and/or         80% meet TSAT and/or
           Educators       local district teacher      local district teacher       local district teacher       local district teacher
                           technology                  technology                   technology                   technology competencies
                           competencies and            competencies and             competencies and             and implement them into
                           implement them into the     implement them into the      implement them into the      the school environment.
                           school environment.         school environment.          school environment.
 (H)     Leadership of     Recognizes benefits of      Supports use of              Recognizes and identifies    Promotes exemplary use
           Principals,     technology in instruction   technology in instruction.   exemplary use of             of technology in
        Teacher Leaders    to improve learning         Uses technology in daily     technology in instruction.   instruction. Models and
          and District     outcomes for all            work. Approaching            Uses technology skills in    uses in daily work in
         Administrators    students. Minimal           proficiency of national      daily work such as           communication,
                           personal use (email,        standards for                research and                 presentations, online
                           word processing,            administrators.              communication and            collaborative projects,
                           Internet browser use,                                    models appropriately         and management tasks.
                           etc.). Awareness of                                      with staff. Provides         Develops a school culture
                           national standards for                                   constructive feedback to     that expects all teachers
                           administrators.                                          teachers on their            to use technology.
                                                                                    technology use.              Advocates in the
                                                                                                                 community for the
                                                                                                                 integration of technology
                                                                                                                 in instruction. Expects all
                                                                                                                 teachers to use
                                                                                                                 technology well.

Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                             Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                       Levels of Progress
Row       Focus Areas              Early Tech              Developing Tech             Proficient Tech             Advanced Tech
 (I)      Models of        Whole group, skill-based Whole group curriculum-       Coaching, modeling best     Creates a culture of
         Professional      training with minimal    based training with           practices, district-based   inquiry, sharing and
         Development       follow-up.               follow-up to facilitate       mentoring. Involvement      knowledge building.
                                                    classroom                     in a development /          Anytime learning
                                                    implementation.               improvement process.        available through a
                                                                                  Study groups.               variety of delivery
                                                                                                              systems (e.g., just-in-time
                                                                                                              support, mentoring, peer
                                                                                                              observation).
 (J)       Levels of       Most at entry or            Most at adaptation stage   Most at appropriation       Most at invention stage
         Understanding     adoption stage (Students    (technology used to        stage (technology is        (teachers discover and
                           learning to use             enrich curriculum). Most   integrated, used for its    accept new uses for
                           technology; teachers use    beginning to use with      unique capabilities).       technology).
                           technology to support       students.
                           traditional instruction).




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                          Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                     Levels of Progress
Row       Focus Areas              Early Tech            Developing Tech           Proficient Tech             Advanced Tech
 (K)   Universal Access:   Emerging awareness of     Awareness of universal    Awareness of universal     Systemic adoption of
        Integration of     universal design and      design and assistive      design and assistive       universal design
       Universal Design    assistive technologies    technologies              technologies               strategies throughout the
         and Assistive     (hardware/software)       (hardware/software) by    (hardware/software) by     curriculum and the
          Technology       limited to special        special educators &       special educators & most   seamless integration of
                           educators; few examples   some general educators;   general educators;         assistive technology to
                           across the district of    universal design          universal design           promote access to the
                           universal design          strategies or assistive   strategies or assistive    general curriculum for all
                           strategies or assistive   technology used to        technology used to         students; staff are
                           technology used to        promote access to the     promote access to the      designated to provide AT
                           promote access to the     general curriculum        general curriculum         assessment,
                           general curriculum.       demonstrated across all   demonstrated across all    procurement, support
                                                     grade levels.             grade levels; staff are    (training), and
                                                                               designated to provide AT   maintenance.
                                                                               assessment,
                                                                               procurement, support
                                                                               (training) and
                                                                               maintenance.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                      Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)


3. ADMINISTRATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES

                                                                      Levels of Progress
Row      Focus Areas               Early Tech             Developing Tech              Proficient Tech             Advanced Tech
 (L)      Vision and      Minimal technology plan;     The technology plan is     In addition, the            The technology plan and
           Planning       technology used mainly for   aligned with the           Technology Plan is          vision are focused on
                          administrative tasks such    Massachusetts              integrated into district    improving the success of
                          as word processing,          Technology Plan, and is    plan; used for internal     all students based on
                          budgeting, attendance,       approved by the School     planning, budgeting,        needs, research, proven
                          grade book.                  Committee & supported      applying for external       teaching and learning
                                                       by the Superintendent.     funding and discounts.      principles and is actively
                                                       Plan collaboratively       Teachers and                supported by the School
                                                       developed by key           administrators have a       Committee and
                                                       stakeholders (e.g.,        vision for technology use   Superintendent.
                                                       teachers, parents,         in support of student       Technology plan is
                                                       community members,         learning, teacher           collaboratively
                                                       local business, and        professionalism, and        developed, guiding policy
                                                       individuals with           data management.            and practice; updated at
                                                       disabilities), guiding                                 least annually.
                                                       policy and practice.
                                                       Addresses local district
                                                       teaching and learning
                                                       standards.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                          Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                       Levels of Progress
Row      Focus Areas               Early Tech              Developing Tech               Proficient Tech               Advanced Tech
(M)        Technical      Some technical support       Sufficient technical staff   Sufficient technical staff    Sufficient technical staff
            Support       and minimal support tools    and support tools to         and support tools to          and support tools to
          (hardware,      to resolve 95% of problems   resolve 95% of               resolve 95% of problems       resolve 95% of problems
           operating      in greater than five days.   problems in two to five      within two days. Same-        within one day.
       system, network)   Problems cause major         days. Same-day               day in-classroom              Technical support is
                          disruptions to curriculum    technical support for        technical support             readily available on-site
                          delivery using technology.   infrastructure problems      available. Problems           for both infrastructure
                                                       by call-in. Problems         infrequently cause major      and application
                                                       sometimes cause major        disruptions to curriculum     problems. Problems do
                                                       disruptions to               delivery using                not cause major
                                                       curriculum delivery          technology. Network           disruptions to curriculum
                                                       using technology.            administrator.                delivery using
                                                       Designated Network                                         technology. Network
                                                       Administrator.                                             administrator.
 (N)      Technology      No district level            District level               District level Technology     District Technology
          Integration     Technology Director. Local   Technology Director.         Director. Dedicated           Director. Dedicated
           Specialist     instructional technology     One-half instructional       instructional technology      instructional technology
                          support is inconsistent.     technology specialist        specialist—one half           specialist—one half
                                                       per 60-120 staff.            person per 30-60 staff.       person per 30-60 staff.
                                                                                    Dedicated staff at district   Dedicated staff at district
                                                                                    level for data                level for data
                                                                                    management and                management and
                                                                                    assessment.                   assessment and to help
                                                                                                                  produce integrated
                                                                                                                  curriculum content.



Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                               Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                  Levels of Progress
Row      Focus Areas               Early Tech          Developing Tech            Proficient Tech            Advanced Tech
 (O)    Budget Levels     Budget for hardware and Budget for hardware        Budget for purchases,       Budget for purchases,
                          software purchases and    and software purchases   professional                incentives for
                          professional development. (new and replacement)    development, adequate       professional
                                                    and professional         staffing support, and       development, sufficient
                                                    development, minimal     ongoing costs. Other        staffing support, and
                                                    staffing support, and    state, federal, and local   ongoing costs.
                                                    some ongoing costs.      programs directed to        Appropriate budget to
                                                                             support technology          support district
                                                                             funding. Business           technology plan.
                                                                             partnerships, donations,
                                                                             and other local funding
                                                                             designated for
                                                                             technology.
 (P)   Budget Allocated Less than $175 per          Between $175- $300       Between $300 - $425 per $425 or more per
        for Technology student.                     per student.             student                 student
         (Total Cost of
          Ownership)




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                     Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                        Levels of Progress
Row      Focus Areas               Early Tech               Developing Tech              Proficient Tech              Advanced Tech
 (Q)   Universal Design   Considerations for             Considerations for         Considerations for           Universal design and
        and Accessible    universal design and           universal design and       universal design and         accessible technologies
          Technology      accessible technologies are    accessible technologies    accessible technologies      considerations are
        Considerations    limited to the Individual      are established in areas   are established in areas     established throughout
         (e.g., Section   Education Program (IEP)        of high student use        of high student use (e.g.,   the district; procurement
              508)        process for students with      (e.g., libraries,          libraries, computer labs),   policies for information
                          disabilities. Procurement      computer labs);            some classrooms and          and instructional
                          policies for information       inconsistent               administrative offices;      technologies that ensure
                          and instructional              implementation of          routine implementation       usability, equivalent
                          technologies do not ensure     procurement policies       of procurement policies      access, and
                          usability, equivalent          for information and        for information and          interoperability in
                          access, or interoperability.   instructional              instructional                accordance to the
                                                         technologies that          technologies that ensure     guidelines established by
                                                         ensure usability,          usability, equivalent        Section 508.
                                                         equivalent access, and     access, and
                                                         interoperability.          interoperability.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                             Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                    Levels of Progress
Row      Focus Areas               Early Tech           Developing Tech             Proficient Tech              Advanced Tech
 (R)     Students Per     10 or more students per    Fewer than 10 students    Fewer than 5 students        One student per Type A
         Instructional    Type A or B computer; no   per Type A and B          per Type A and B             and B computer or other
           Computer       firm computer              computer; replacement     computer; replacement        electronic device.
                          replacement policy         policy established; one   cycle established for 6      Replacement cycle
                          established by district.   computer per teacher.     years or less; one           established for 5-6 years
                                                                               computer per teacher—        or less; one computer
                                                                               possibly a laptop for        per teacher—possibly a
                                                                               working at home. Most        laptop for working at
                                                                               students have access to      home. 75% of computers
                                                                               handheld electronics.        meet Massachusetts A/B
                                                                               Maintains a list of places   standards. School works
                                                                               students can use             with community to
                                                                               technology outside of        provide equitable access
                                                                               school.                      to technology for
                                                                                                            students and community
                                                                                                            members after school
                                                                                                            hours.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                        Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)


4. INFRASTRUCTURE FOR TECHNOLOGY


                                                                        Levels of Progress
Row      Focus Areas          Early Tech            Developing Tech                Proficient Tech                  Advanced Tech
 (S)   Internet & WAN    Dial-up connectivity   Direct connectivity to the   District Internet connection   District Internet connection of
            Access,      to the Internet        Internet available at each   of 10 Mbps per 1,000           100 Mbps per 1,000 students
         Connectivity,   available only on a    school and in most           students and staff district-   and staff district-wide.6 School
             and         few computers.         rooms. Adequate              wide.5 School connection to    connection to district WAN of
            Speed                               bandwidth to the school      district WAN of 100 Mbps       1,000 Mbps per 1,000
                                                to avoid most delays.        per 1,000 students/staff to    students/staff. Easy access for
                                                                             avoid most delays. Easy        students and teachers
                                                                             access for students and        including most wireless
                                                                             teachers, including some       connectivity to enable
                                                                             wireless.                      interactive presentations and
                                                                                                            video.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                             Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                       Levels of Progress
Row     Focus Areas           Early Tech            Developing Tech               Proficient Tech                    Advanced Tech
 (T)    E-Learning       Web- and/or            Expanded web- and/or       Building upon Developing           Seamless IP-based
       Environments      satellite-based        satellite-based            Tech, development of               infrastructure expanded to K-
                         interactive learning   interactive learning       connections for improved           16 to allow development of
                         opportunities          opportunities with the     access to web-based and/or         high-quality web- and video-
                         delivered              possible addition of       interactive IP-based video         based content. Content
                         synchronously or       asynchronous video         learning on the local, state,      distribution available for all
                         asynchronously, on     streaming or               regional, national, and            students and teachers.
                         a scheduled or         synchronous                international level (school        Archives allow for content
                         unscheduled basis,     videoconferencing. The     to school, district to district,   review asynchronously and
                         primarily for          addition of courses for    school/district to state,          sharing/distribution of these
                         professional           professional               state to state, country to         resources.
                         development on a       development for            country). Applications to
                         limited basis.         teachers and student       include courses, cultural
                                                courses at the high        projects, virtual field trips,
                                                school and college level   etc.
                                                (K-16).




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                               Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                       Levels of Progress
Row     Focus Areas           Early Tech            Developing Tech               Proficient Tech                Advanced Tech
(U)         LAN          Limited print/file     Most rooms connected        All rooms connected to        All rooms connected to
                         sharing network at     to Internet via WAN and     Internet with significant     Internet with significant
                         each school for lab,   wireless connectivity       wireless connectivity at      wireless connectivity at each
                         administration, and    where possible at each      each school with sufficient   school with sufficient
                         some classrooms.       school with student         bandwidth for effective       bandwidth for effective
                         Some shared            access. Minimum 10/100      student access. Minimum       student access. Minimum 100
                         resources and some     Mbps Cat 5 switched         100 Mbps Cat 5e switched      Mbps/1 Gbps Cat 5e/6
                         secure storage         network. Basic servers      network. District-owned       switched network to
                         space. Minimum         for sharing some            servers or cloud computing    classroom. Different services
                         10/100 Mbps Cat 5      resources at each school.   provides secure storage,      (data, phone, video, guest
                         hubbed network.                                    backups, applications,        access, etc.) on different
                                                                            schedule, email, and          virtual LANs. All schools have
                                                                            website. Students, teachers   sufficient bandwidth for
                                                                            and parents have easy         content delivery through
                                                                            access to educational         resources such as video
                                                                            resources from home and       streaming and conferencing.
                                                                            school (e.g., web portal).    Students, teachers and parents
                                                                                                          have easy access to
                                                                                                          educational resources from
                                                                                                          home and school (e.g., web
                                                                                                          portal).




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                          Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                         Levels of Progress
Row     Focus Areas           Early Tech            Developing Tech                Proficient Tech                 Advanced Tech
(V)        Other         Shared teacher use     Shared use of resources      Dedicated and assigned use     Readily available fully
        Technologies     of resources such as   such as telephone,           of common technologies         equipped classrooms with
                         telephone, TVs,        computer video               such as telephone,             computer/video projectors,
                         VCRs, DVD players,     projectors, or interactive   computer video projectors,     interactive whiteboard, and
                         and classroom sets     white boards, classroom      or interactive white boards.   other technology to enhance
                         of programmable        sets of programmable         Programmable calculators       student instruction. Use of
                         calculators.           calculators, digital         assigned to each student as    new and emerging
                                                cameras, and scanners.       needed. In each school,        technologies.
                                                                             there is shared use of
                                                                             specialized technologies,
                                                                             digital cameras, scanners,
                                                                             handheld electronic devices.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                            Revised 6/14/2010
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                           Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)

                                                                         Levels of Progress
Row     Focus Areas           Early Tech            Developing Tech                 Proficient Tech                    Advanced Tech
(W)      Safety and      Backup and             Basic firewall protection     To Developing Tech, add          Usage authentication added
          Security       restoration            and diligent upgrading of     adequate network and             for mobile computer and
                         procedures and         network vulnerabilities       server availability protection   home/external access
                         virus protection to    added to protect against      for expanded capabilities        requirements. Use of virtual
                         guard individual       external threats.             and to ensure dependable         LANs (VLANs) to protect
                         computers. District-   Protection against a wide     access. Protection of            network infrastructure and
                         wide acceptable use    range of malware              workstations from internal       sensitive data. If guest devices
                         policy in place.       (viruses, worms, Trojans,     network attacks. Encryption      are allowed on the network,
                                                rootkits), adware, and        of sensitive personal data       guest traffic is on an isolated
                                                spyware. District-wide        on local networks. Network       VLAN and/or guest devices are
                                                responsible use policy in     supports board policy on         checked for currency of anti-
                                                place, as well as policy on   connecting student/staff-        virus software and operating
                                                connecting student/staff-     owned devices (guest             system security patches.
                                                owned devices to school       devices) on the network.
                                                network.




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                                Revised 6/14/2010
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                             Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness Chart (STaR Chart)



      END NOTES


1
 Educational Technology Advisory Council to the Massachusetts Board of Education and the Commissioner,
http://www.doe.mass.edu/boe/sac/edtech/
2
  Texas School Technology and Readiness (STaR) Chart, http://starchart.esc12.net/. The Texas Teacher STaR Chart is intended to assist all
classroom teachers in assessing needs and setting goals for the use of technology in the classroom to support student achievement.
3
    Massachusetts STaR Chart (School Technology and Readiness Chart), November 2006
4
 Massachusetts Technology Literacy Standards and Expectations, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, approved
by the Massachusetts Board of Education on April 29, 2008, http://www.doe.mass.edu/edtech/standards/itstand.pdf
5
 Based on recommendations the State Education Technology Directors Association (SETDA) in High-Speed Broadband Access for All Kids:
Breaking Through the Barriers for network speeds for “next 2-3 years” for a technology-rich learning environment, June 2008,
http://www.setda.org/web/guest/2020/broadband
6
 Based on recommendations the State Education Technology Directors Association (SETDA) in High-Speed Broadband Access for All Kids:
Breaking Through the Barriers for network speeds in “5-7 years” for a technology-rich learning environment, June 2008,
http://www.setda.org/web/guest/2020/broadband




Education Technology Advisory Council (ETAC)                                                                                  Revised 6/14/2010
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