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Supply Chain Risk Analysis

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					  Primary Raw Materials




Sulphur




Crude Oil


Heavy Metal (Nickel)

Selenium


Arsenic


Water


Vinyl Co-Polymer




Primary Raw Materials




Sulphur




Crude Oil


Heavy Metal
Selenium


Arsenic


Water


Vinyl Co-Polymer




Primary Raw Materials




Sulphur




Crude Oil


Heavy Metal

Selenium


Arsenic


Water


Vinyl Co-Polymer



Sources:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
[10]
[11]
                                               Material Source




                   Sicilian process - Melted and collected (requires distillation to purify)
                         Frasch process - Melted and extracted through a pipe (pure)




Drilling / Wells

Extractive metallurgy then Roasting and reduction processes and purification through the Mond
Process

Produced in chemical reactions and a by-product of processing certain ores


Roasting other minerals


                                 Oceans, Icecaps, ground water and lakes


                                         Chemical reaction process




Material Source




                   Sicilian process - Melted and collected (requires distillation to purify)
                         Frasch process - Melted and extracted through a pipe (pure)




Drilling / Wells

Extractive metallurgy then Roasting and reduction processes and purification through the Mond
Process
Produced in chemical reactions and a by-product of processing certain ores


Roasting other minerals


                                  Oceans, Icecaps, ground water and lakes




Material Source




                   Sicilian process - Melted and collected (requires distillation to purify)
                         Frasch process - Melted and extracted through a pipe (pure)




Drilling / Wells

Extractive metallurgy then Roasting and reduction processes and purification through the Mond
Process

Produced in chemical reactions and a by-product of processing certain ores


Roasting other minerals


                                  Oceans, Icecaps, ground water and lakes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulfur
http://www.epa.gov/air/urbanair/so2/hlth1.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum
http://www.dartmouth.edu/~toxmetal/TXQAni.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickel
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selenium
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water
http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthwherewater.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copolymer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polymer
                              Supply Chain Risk Analysis - Short Term (5 years)
     Resource Scarcity
                                                  Bitumen


         Abundant



Reserves are being drained
because of all the uses for
this material.


 24th most abundant metal

         Abundant


         Abundant
                                         Resin / Polymer Emulsion

  Most abundant resource


         Abundant




                              Supply Chain Risk Analysis - Mid Term (10 years)
Resource Scarcity
                                                  Bitumen


         Abundant




Reserves are being drained
because of all the uses for
this material.


 24th most abundant metal
         Abundant


         Abundant
                                         Resin / Polymer Emulsion

  Most abundant resource


         Abundant




                              Supply Chain Risk Analysis - Long Term (25 years)
Resource Scarcity
                                                  Bitumen


         Abundant



Reserves are being drained
because of all the uses for
this material.


 24th most abundant metal

         Abundant


         Abundant
                                         Resin / Polymer Emulsion

  Most abundant resource


         Abundant
Supply Chain Risk Analysis - Short Term (5 years)
                                 Human Health Risks
                   Bitumen

  SO2 gas can cause respiratory illness and can also aggravate existing heart
  disease. Sulfur particles gathered in lungs increase respiratory symptoms and
  disease, cause difficulty breathing and premature death.




  Extraction and combustion cause harmful byproducts.


  Most forms of Nickel don't cause human health concerns.

  Toxic in large doses but essential to life while in small amounts.


  Extremely poisonous
          Resin / Polymer Emulsion

                                        None


    Inhalation of fumes from burning copolymer can cause difficulty breathing.




Supply Chain Risk Analysis - Mid Term (10 years)
  Human Health Risks
                   Bitumen


  SO2 gas can cause respiratory illness and can also aggravate existing heart
  disease. Sulfur particles gathered in lungs increase respiratory symptoms and
  disease, cause difficulty breathing and premature death.




  Extraction and combustion cause harmful byproducts.


  Most forms of Nickel don't cause human health concerns.
  Toxic in large doses but essential to life while in small amounts.


  Extremely poisonous
          Resin / Polymer Emulsion

                                        None


    Breathing fumes of buring copolymer can cause serious respiratory illnesses.




Supply Chain Risk Analysis - Long Term (25 years)
  Human Health Risks
                    Bitumen


  SO2 gas can cause respiratory illness and can also aggravate existing heart
  disease. Sulfur particles gathered in lungs increase respiratory symptoms and
  disease, cause difficulty breathing and premature death.




  Extraction and combustion cause harmful byproducts.


  Most forms of Nickel don't cause human health concerns.

  Toxic in large doses but essential to life while in small amounts.


  Extremely poisonous
          Resin / Polymer Emulsion

                                        None


    Breathing fumes of buring copolymer can cause serious respiratory illnesses.
                     Environmental Impacts




            High levels of SO2 and Sulphur particles.


Contaminants are created as by-products and there is great
disturbance to the landscape.

Nickel is found everywhere in the environment and causes no
impact unless it is in very high concentrations.

Toxic in large doses but essential to life while in small amounts.

Can be very dangerous if it gets into the water supply. Very
poisonous if ingested.


               Source of life in the environment.

 Fumes from buring copolymer release harmful chemicals into
  the environment and can cause negative impacts over time.




Environmental Impacts


Reduced visibility across the U.S.A. has been caused by Sulfate
particles. SO2 mixes with atmospheric water and oxygen to
create sulfuric acid which lowers the PH level of soil and cause
great damage to the environment.


Contaminants are created as by-products and there is great
disturbance to the landscape.

Nickel is found everywhere in the environment and causes no
impact unless it is in very high concentrations.
Toxic in large doses but essential to life while in small amounts.

Can be very dangerous if it gets into the water supply. Very
poisonous if ingested.


               Source of life in the environment.

 Fumes from buring copolymer release harmful chemicals into
  the environment and can cause negative impacts over time.




Environmental Impacts


Reduced visibility across the U.S.A. has been caused by Sulfate
particles. SO2 mixes with atmospheric water and oxygen to
create sulfuric acid which lowers the PH level of soil and cause
great damage to the environment.


Contaminants are created as by-products and there is great
disturbance to the landscape.

Nickel is found everywhere in the environment and causes no
impact unless it is in very high concentrations.

Toxic in large doses but essential to life while in small amounts.

Can be very dangerous if it gets into the water supply. Very
poisonous if ingested.


               Source of life in the environment.

 Fumes from buring copolymer release harmful chemicals into
  the environment and can cause negative impacts over time.
         Sociopolitical Considerations            References




Broad availability from Canada will greatly
reduce sociopolitical instability.                 [1], [2]


Remaining reserves are in countries with
political turmoil causing very unstable prices.      [3]
Nickel is found across the globe in politically
stable countries who raise no sociopolitical
concerns.                                          [4], [5]
Refined and produced by politically stable
countries.
China is the main source of Arsenic and is
politically stable causing no concern for
sociopolitical problems.                             [7]

  Water's Great abundance will never cause
           sociopolitical concerns.                [8], [9]
   There is no concern with sociopolitical
   instability regarding the production of
     manufacturing of vinyl copolymers.           [10], [11]




Sociopolitical Considerations                     References




Broad availability from Canada will greatly
reduce sociopolitical instability.                 [1], [2]


Remaining reserves are in countries with
political turmoil causing very unstable prices.      [3]
Nickel is found across the globe in politically
stable countries who raise no sociopolitical
concerns.                                          [4], [5]
Refined and produced by politically stable
countries.
China is the main source of Arsenic and is
politically stable causing no concern for
sociopolitical problems.                             [7]

  Water's Great abundance will never cause
           sociopolitical concerns.                [8], [9]
   There is no concern with sociopolitical
   instability regarding the production of
     manufacturing of vinyl copolymers.           [10], [11]




Sociopolitical Considerations                     References




Broad availability from Canada will greatly
reduce sociopolitical instability.                 [1], [2]


Remaining reserves are in countries with
political turmoil causing very unstable prices.      [3]
Nickel is found across the globe in politically
stable countries who raise no sociopolitical
concerns.                                          [4], [5]
Refined and produced by politically stable
countries.                                           [6]
China is the main source of Arsenic and is
politically stable causing no concern for
sociopolitical problems.                             [7]

  Water's Great abundance will never cause
           sociopolitical concerns.                [8], [9]
   There is no concern with sociopolitical
   instability regarding the production of
     manufacturing of vinyl copolymers.           [10], [11]

				
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