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Net Income Teacher Pay Statistics - Excel

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Net Income Teacher Pay Statistics - Excel Powered By Docstoc
					   Variable                          Present
    Name          Variable label      in file                          Value labels                               Source
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL VARIABLES
File information
              Unique country/year id
 COUNTRY number                        YES 81 Italy 1995                                                 LIS code
              Unique household unit
 CASENUM number                        YES                                                               LIS code

                                                                                                         Original household level
 HWEIGHT    Sample weight            YES                                                                 weight data (peso1995 )

 DEFLATE    Deflation factor         YES                                                                 LIS code

            Country specific
  HSLOT1    household information     NO

           Country specific
  HSLOT2 household information        NO
Demographic variables
                                            0 no couple present in household
                                            1 married couple
                                            2 married couple, head and spouse interchanged by lis
                                            3 non-married cohabiting couple
            Married couple                  4 non-married cohabiting couple, lis interchanged partners   Derived from LIS
 MARRIED    indicator                YES    5 non-married cohabiting couple, both partners same sex      individual level data
                                                                                                         Derived from LIS
    D1      Age of head              YES                                                                 individual level data

                                                                                                         Derived from LIS
    D2      Age of spouse            YES                                                                 individual level data
                                            1 male                                                       Derived from LIS
    D3      Sex of head              YES    2 female                                                     individual level data
            Number of persons in                                                                         Derived from LIS
    D4      household                YES                                                                 individual level data
    D5      Family structure         YES    5 household                                                  LIS code

                                                                                                         Derived from original
                                                                                                         historical individual level
                                                                                                         structured income data
    D6      Number of earners        YES                                                                 (rper1995 )
 Variable                           Present
  Name          Variable label       in file                               Value labels                                Source
                                               101 North West PIEMONTE
                                               102 North West VAL D'AOSTA
                                               103 "North West LOMBARDIA
                                               107 North West LIGURIA
                                               204 "North East TRENTINO
                                               205 North East VENETO
                                               206 North East FRIULI
                                               208 North East EMILIA ROMAGNA
                                               309 Central TOSCANA
                                               310 Central UMBRIA
                                               311 Central MARCHE
                                               312 Central LAZIO
                                               413 South ABRUZZO
                                               414 South MOLISE
                                               415 South CAMPANIA
                                               416 South PUGLIA
                                               417 South BASILICATA                                           Original historical
                                               418 South CALABRIA                                             individual level
         Geographic location                   519 Islands SICILIA                                            demographic data
    D7   indicator A                 YES       520 Islands SARDINIA                                           (comp1995)
         Ethnicity/Nationality of
   D8    head                         NO
         Ethnicity/Nationality of
ETHNATSP spouse                       NO
                                               1 none (nessuno)
                                               2 elementary school (licenza elementare)
                                               3 middle school (medie inferiori)
                                               4 high school (medie superiori)
            Educational level                  5 bachelor's degree (laurea)                                   Derived from LIS
   D10      (head)                   YES       6 post-graduate qualification (specializzazione post-laurea)   individual level data
                                               1 none (nessuno)
                                               2 elementary school (licenza elementare)
                                               3 middle school (medie inferiori)
                                               4 high school (medie superiori)
            Educational level                  5 bachelor's degree (laurea)                                   Derived from LIS
   D11      (spouse)                 YES       6 post-graduate qualification (specializzazione post-laurea)   individual level data
                                               0 less than high school education
                                               1 HS professional studies
                                               2 HS technical school
                                               3 HS classical, scientific, language
                                               4 HS art school/institute
                                               5 HS teacher training
                                               6 HS other
                                               7 UNIV math,phys,chem,biol,sciences,pharmacy
                                               8 UNIV agricultural or veterinary sciences
                                               9 UNIV medicine & dentistry
                                               10 UNIV engineering
                                               11 UNIV architecture/city-planning
                                               12 UNIV economics or statistics
                                               13 UNIV political science, sociology
                                               14 UNIV law
            Occupational training              15 UNIV arts, philosophy, languages                            Derived from LIS
   D12      of head                  YES       16 UNIV other                                                  individual level data
Variable                           Present
 Name          Variable label       in file                                 Value labels                              Source
                                              0 less than high school education
                                              1 HS professional studies
                                              2 HS technical school
                                              3 HS classical, scientific, language
                                              4 HS art school/institute
                                              5 HS teacher training
                                              6 HS other
                                              7 UNIV math,phys,chem,biol,sciences,pharmacy
                                              8 UNIV agricultural or veterinary sciences
                                              9 UNIV medicine & dentistry
                                              10 UNIV engineering
                                              11 UNIV architecture/city-planning
                                              12 UNIV economics or statistics
                                              13 UNIV political science, sociology
                                              14 UNIV law
           Occupational training              15 UNIV arts, philosophy, languages                            Derived from LIS
  D13      of spouse                YES       16 UNIV other                                                  individual level data
  D14      Occupation of head       NO

  D15      Occupation of spouse      NO
                                              0 not working
                                              1 agriculture
                                              2 manufacturing
                                              3 building and construction
                                              4 wholesale and retail trade, lodging and catering serv.
                                              5 transport and communications
                                              6 services of credit and insurance institutions
                                              7 real estate & renting serv., other prof. & buis. actvities
                                              8 domestic services and other private services
                                              9 general gov., defence, educ., health & oth. publ. serv.      Derived from LIS
  D16      Industry of head         YES       10 extra-territorial org. and entities                         individual level data
                                              0 not working
                                              1 agriculture
                                              2 manufacturing
                                              3 building and construction
                                              4 wholesale and retail trade, lodging and catering serv.
                                              5 transport and communications
                                              6 services of credit and insurance institutions
                                              7 real estate & renting serv., other prof. & buis. actvities
                                              8 domestic services and other private services
                                              9 general gov., defence, educ., health & oth. publ. serv.      Derived from LIS
  D17      Industry of spouse       YES       10 extra-territorial org. and entities                         individual level data
                                              0 not working
           Type (status) of                   1 private sector                                               Derived from LIS
  D18      worker head              YES       2 public sector                                                individual level data


                                              0 not working
           Type (status) of                   1 private sector                                               Derived from LIS
  D19      worker spouse            YES       2 public sector                                                individual level data
Variable                             Present
 Name           Variable label        in file                              Value labels            Source
                                                1 < 5,000
                                                2 5,000-20,000                            Original historical
                                                3 20,000-50,000                           individual level
           Geographic location                  4 50,000-200,000                          demographic data
  D20      indicator B                YES       5 >200,000                                (comp1995)
                                                1 never married
                                                2 married
                                                3 separated / divorced                    Derived from LIS
  D21      Marital status of head     YES       4 widowed                                 individual level data
                                                1 never married
                                                2 married
           Marital status of                    3 separated / divorced                    Derived from LIS
MARTSP     spouse                     YES       4 widowed                                 individual level data


                                                1 home owner
                                                2 tenant                                  Original historical
           Tenure (owned/rented                 3 redemption agreement                    household level data
  D22      housing)                   YES       4 usufruct, use without charge            (fami1995)
           Disability status of                 0 no                                      Derived from LIS
  D25      head                       YES       1 yes                                     individual level data

           Disability status of                 0 no                                      Derived from LIS
  D26      spouse                     YES       1 yes                                     individual level data

           Number of children                                                             Derived from LIS
  D27      under age 18               YES                                                 individual level data

           Age of the youngest                                                            Derived from LIS
  D28      child                      YES                                                 individual level data
           Number of persons                                                              Derived from LIS
NUM6574    aged 65 to 74              YES                                                 individual level data

           Number of persons                                                              Derived from LIS
NUMGE75    aged 75 or more            YES                                                 individual level data
                                                0 not working
                                                1 blue-collar worker or similar
                                                2 office worker or school teacher
                                                3 junior manager/cadre
                                                4 manager, senior official
                                                5 member of the arts or professions
                                                6 sole proprietor
                                                7 freelance
                                                8 owner or member of family buisness      Derived from LIS
ACTIVHD    Activity status of head    YES       9 active shareholder/partner              individual level data
 Variable                            Present
  Name           Variable label       in file                                  Value labels                         Source
                                                0 not working
                                                1 blue-collar worker or similar
                                                2 office worker or school teacher
                                                3 junior manager/cadre
                                                4 manager, senior official
                                                5 member of the arts or professions
                                                6 sole proprietor
                                                7 freelance
            Activity status of                  8 owner or member of family buisness                       Derived from LIS
 ACTIVSP    spouse                    YES       9 active shareholder/partner                               individual level data
                                                1 born outside Italy
                                                2 born in the south (incl. islands), lives in the north
                                                3 born in the south (incl. islands), lives in the centre
                                                4 born in the centre, lives in the north
                                                5 born in the centre, lives in the south (incl. islands)
                                                6 born in the north, lives in the centre
         Immigration status of                  7 born in the north, lives in the south (incl. islands)    Derived from LIS
IMMIGRHD head                         YES       8 lives in the area of birth                               individual level data
                                                1 born outside Italy
                                                2 born in the south (incl. islands), lives in the north
                                                3 born in the south (incl. islands), lives in the centre
                                                4 born in the centre, lives in the north
                                                5 born in the centre, lives in the south (incl. islands)
                                                6 born in the north, lives in the centre
         Immigration status of                  7 born in the north, lives in the south (incl. islands)    Derived from LIS
IMMIGRSP spouse                       YES       8 lives in the area of birth                               individual level data
                                                1 employee
                                                2 self-employed
                                                3 first job-seeker
                                                4 housewife
                                                5 rentier
                                                6 pensioner
                                                7 unemployed
            Labour force status of              8 student                                                  Derived from LIS
  LFSHD     head                      YES       9 other not employed                                       individual level data
                                                1 employee
                                                2 self-employed
                                                3 first job-seeker
                                                4 housewife
                                                5 rentier
                                                6 pensioner
                                                7 unemployed
            Labour force status of              8 student                                                  Derived from LIS
  LFSSP     spouse                    YES       9 other not employed                                       individual level data


         Weeks worked full-                                                                                Derived from LIS
WEEKHDFT time head                    YES                                                                  individual level data



         Weeks worked full-                                                                                Derived from LIS
WEEKSPFT time spouse                  YES                                                                  individual level data
  Variable                           Present
   Name          Variable label       in file   Value labels            Source


         Weeks worked part-                                    Derived from LIS
WEEKHDPT time head                    YES                      individual level data



         Weeks worked part-                                    Derived from LIS
WEEKSPPT time spouse                  YES                      individual level data
         Weeks unemployed
WEEKHDUP head                          NO
         Weeks unemployed
WEEKSPUP spouse                        NO

             Hours worked per                                  Derived from LIS
  HRSHD      week head                YES                      individual level data


             Hours worked per                                  Derived from LIS
  HRSSP      week spouse              YES                      individual level data

Expenditure variables

                                                               Original historical
                                                               household level data
 FOODEXP Food expenditures            YES                      (fami1995)
                                                               Original historical
                                                               household level
                                                               residence data
 HOUSEXP Housing expenditures         YES                      (imma1995 )

  APPEXP Clothing expenditures         NO
         Transportation
 TRANEXP expenditures                  NO
         Child care
CHCAREXP expenditures                  NO
         Education
 EDUCEXP expenditures                  NO

             Out of pocket medical
 MEDEXP      expenditures              NO
  Variable                           Present
   Name          Variable label       in file   Value labels            Source




                                                               Original historical
                                                               structured household
             Total family unit                                 level expenditure data
  TOTEXP expenditures                 YES                      (cons1995)
Income variables
             Gross wages and
    V1       salaries                  NO




                                                               Original historical
                                                               household level
             Net wages and                                     structured income data
  V1NET      salaries                 YES                      (rfam1995)
             Mandatory Employer
    V2       Contribution              NO

             Non mandatory
    V3       Employer Contribution     NO



                                                               Aggregated over
                                                               individuals [from original
                                                               historical individual level
             Farm self-employment                              structured income data
    V4       income                   YES                      (rper1995 )]
Variable                            Present
 Name          Variable label        in file   Value labels            Source




                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
                                                              historical individual level
           Non-farm self-                                     structured income data
  V5       employment income         YES                      (rper1995 )]
                                                              Original historical
                                                              household level
                                                              structured income data
  V6       In-kind earnings          YES                      (rfam1995)
           Mandatory
           Contribution for Self-
  V7       Employment                 NO




                                                              Original historical
                                                              household level
                                                              structured income data
  V8       Cash property income      YES                      (rfam1995)
           Interests and
 V8S1      dividends                  NO
 V8S2      Rental income              NO
 V8S3      Private savings plans      NO
 V8S4      Royalties                  NO
           Other cash property
 V8SR      income                     NO
  V8X      Interest paid              NO

                                                              Original historical
                                                              household level
           Noncash property                                   structured income data
  V9       income                    YES                      (rfam1995)

           Market value:                                      Original historical
           residence                                          property level housing
  V10      (homeowners)              YES                      data (immp1995)
Variable                           Present
 Name           Variable label      in file   Value labels            Source
  V11      Income taxes              NO
           Property or wealth
  V12      taxes                     NO
           Mandatory Employee
  V13      Contribution              NO
  V14      Other direct taxes        NO
  V15      Indirect taxes            NO




  V16      Sick Pay                  NO




                                                             Aggregated over
                                                             individuals [from original
                                                             historical pension level
  V17      Accident Pay             YES                      data (pens1995 )]




                                                             Aggregated over
                                                             individuals [from original
                                                             historical pension level
  V18      Disability Pay           YES                      data (pens1995 )]


           Social Retirement
  V19      Benefits                 YES                      LIS household level data




                                                             Aggregated over
                                                             individuals [from original
                                                             historical pension level
V19S1      Basic old age benefit    YES                      data (pens1995 )]

           Supplementary old
V19S2      age benefit               NO
Variable                             Present
 Name           Variable label        in file   Value labels            Source
           Early retirement
V19S3      benefit                     NO




                                                               Aggregated over
                                                               individuals [from original
                                                               historical pension level
V19S4      Survivor's pensions        YES                      data (pens1995 )]




                                                               Aggregated over
           Other social retirement                             individuals [from original
           not included inV19S1-                               historical pension level
V19SR      V19S4                      YES                      data (pens1995 )]

           Family or Child
  V20      Allowance                   NO

V20S1      Child allowance             NO

           Advance maintenance
V20S2      (single parents pgm)        NO
           Orphan's pension
V20S3      allowance                   NO
           Other child allowance
V20SR      amounts                     NO


           Unemployment
  V21      Compensation               YES                      LIS household level data

                                                               Aggregated over
                                                               individuals [from original
           Unemployment                                        annual individual level
V21S1      insurance                  YES                      transfer data (allb6) ]
           Training or retraining
V21S2      allowance                   NO
           Placement/resettlemen
V21S3      t benefits                  NO

                                                               Aggregated over
                                                               individuals [from original
           Other unemployment                                  annual individual level
V21SR      benefits                   YES                      transfer data (allb6) ]
Variable                            Present
 Name          Variable label        in file   Value labels            Source

  V22      Maternity Allowances       NO

V22S1      Pay replacement            NO
V22S2      Birth premium              NO
           Other
           maternity/paternity
V22SR      benefits                   NO




                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
           Military/Vet/War                                   historical pension level
  V23      Benefits                  YES                      data (pens1995 )]




  V24      Other Social Insurance    YES                      LIS household level data




V24S1      Invalid care premium       NO

                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
           Non means-tested                                   historical payment level
V24S2      student premium           YES                      transfer data (tras1995 )]
           Non means-tested
V24S3      child-care benefit         NO
V24SR      Other social benefits      NO




           Means-Tested Cash
  V25      Benefits                  YES                      LIS household level data




                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
                                                              annual individual level
V25S1      Social assistance         YES                      transfer data (allb6 )]
Variable                            Present
 Name          Variable label        in file   Value labels            Source




                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
                                                              historical pension level
V25S2      Old age assistance        YES                      data (pens1995 )]
           Unemployment
V25S3      assistance                 NO
           Unmarried mother's
V25S4      allowance                  NO




                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
                                                              annual individual level
                                                              transfer data (allb6 ) and
                                                              original historical
           Other means-tested                                 pension level data
V25SR      allowance                 YES                      (pens1995) ]

  V26      All Near-Cash Benefits     NO
           Near cash food
V26S1      benefits                   NO
           Near cash housing
V26S2      benefits                   NO
           Near cash medical
V26S3      benefits                   NO
           Near cash heating
V26S4      benefits                   NO
           Near cash education
V26S5      benefits                   NO
           Near cash child care
V26S6      benefits                   NO

           Other near cash
V26SR      means-tested benefits      NO
           Value of non cash
  V27      food benefits              NO
           Value of non cash
  V28      housing benefits           NO
           Value of non cash
  V29      medical benefits           NO
 Variable                           Present
  Name        Variable label         in file   Value labels            Source
         Value of non cash
   V30   heating benefits             NO
         Value of non cash
   V31   education benefits           NO
         Value of non-cash care
  V31A   benefits                     NO
         Alternate non-cash
ALTNCASH income                       NO




   V32      Private Pensions         YES                      LIS household level data




                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
            Occupational                                      historical pension level
  V32S1     pensions                 YES                      data (pens1995 )]

  V32S2     Opting out pensions       NO




                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
            Other private pension                             historical pension level
  V32SR     income                   YES                      data (pens1995 )]




                                                              Aggregated over
            Public Sector                                     individuals (LIS
   V33      Pensions                 YES                      individual level file)

                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
            Alimony or Child                                  annual individual level
   V34      Support                  YES                      transfer data (allb6 )]
            Alimony/child support
  V34X      paid                      NO


            Other Regular Private
   V35      Income                   YES                      LIS household level data
Variable                            Present
 Name          Variable label        in file   Value labels            Source

                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
           Regular transfers from                             annual individual level
V35S1      relatives                 YES                      transfer data (allb6 )]

                                                              Aggregated over
           Reg.transfers from                                 individuals [from original
           private charitable                                 annual individual level
V35S2      organ.                    YES                      transfer data (allb6 )]
           Other regular private
V35SR      income                     NO
           Regular transfers paid
 V35X      to relatives               NO

                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
                                                              annual individual level
  V36      Other Cash Income         YES                      transfer data (allb6 )]


           Realized Lump Sum
  V37      Income                    YES                      LIS household level data
           Capital gains and
V37S1      losses                     NO




                                                              Aggregated over
                                                              individuals [from original
           Other lump sum                                     annual individual level
V37SR      income                    YES                      transfer data (allb6 )]
           Gross wage/salary of       NO
  V39      head
                                     YES

           Net wage/salary of                                 Derived from LIS
V39NET     head                                               individual level data
                                     YES


           Hourly wage rate of                                Derived from LIS
  V40      head                                               individual level data
           Gross wage/salary of       NO
  V41      spouse
  Variable                            Present
   Name          Variable label        in file   Value labels            Source




             Net wage/salary of                                 Derived from LIS
  V41NET     spouse                    YES                      individual level data



             Hourly wage rate of                                Derived from LIS
    V42      spouse                    YES                      individual level data
             Near cash housing
 NEARCHB benefits                       NO
             Near cash except
 NEARCOB housing                        NO
LIS income aggregates


             Total self employment
   SELFI     income                    YES                      LIS household level data




 EARNING     Total earnings            YES                      LIS household level data




     FI      Total factor income       YES                      LIS household level data


             Total occupational
  PENSIOI    pensions                  YES                      LIS household level data




     MI      Total market income       YES                      LIS household level data


             Total means-tested
  MEANSI     income                    YES                      LIS household level data

             Total social insurance
             (Excl. V19, V20 and
 OTHSOCI     V21)                      YES                      LIS household level data


             Total social insurance
   SOCI      transfer                  YES                      LIS household level data




SOCTRANS Total social transfers        YES                      LIS household level data
Variable                             Present
 Name          Variable label         in file   Value labels           Source




PRIVATI    Total private transfers    YES                      LIS household level data




TRANSI     Total transfer income      YES                      LIS household level data




  GI       Total gross income         YES                      LIS household level data
           Total mandatory
PAYROLL    payroll taxes               NO




  DPI      Net disposable income      YES                      LIS household level data
                                                                                                        Net / gross
                                                                              Missing values / not       (income
                             Variable construction                                applicable            variables)                                    Comments


                                                                                                                      Survey on Household Income and Wealth (SHIW); survey held in 1996;
COUNTRY = 81.                                                              No missing values.                         income data relate to 1995.
See variables definition.
(original variable: nquest = household id - numero di questionario ).      No missing values.

HWEIGHT = pesofl2 ,
where pesofl2 = post-stratified w eight (peso post-stratificato) .         No missing values.                         Inflates to total population.
                                                                                                                      Deflation factor serves to correct for extreme high inflation for some
DEFLATE = 1.                                                               No missing values.                         Eastern European countries. Value if per default 1 in other countries.




                                                                                                                      In 492 cases the female head and male spouse were interchanged by
See variable definition.                                                   No missing values.                         LIS.

D1 = PAGE if PPNUM = 1.                                                    No missing values.
                                                                           No missing values.
                                                                           Not applicable (no spouse)
D1 = PAGE if PPNUM = 2.                                                    = -1.

D3 = PSEX if PPNUM = 1.                                                    No missing values.
D4 = sum(iD4) over individuals,
where iD4=1.                                                               No missing values.
D5 = 5.                                                                    No missing values.
D6 = sum(iD6) over individuals in household,                                                                          The original variable yl includes net wages and salaries (see V1NET) as
where iD6 = 1 if yl >0 or ym >0,                                                                                      well as fringe benefits (see V6).
where yl = compensation of employees (reddito da lavoro dipendente) ,                                                 The original variable ym includes income from self-employment minus
ym = net income from self-employment and entrepreneurial income (reddito                                              depreciation plus entrepreunerial income (profits and dividends) for those
da lavoro autonomo e impresa) .                                            No missing values.                         actually working in the enterprise (see V4 and V5).
                                                                                   Net / gross
                                                         Missing values / not       (income
                           Variable construction             applicable            variables)                                    Comments




D7 = area5 *100 + ireg ,
where area5 = geographical area (area geografica) ,                                              The survey also includes the province and the municipality of residence,
ireg = ISTAT regional code (codice ISTAT regione) .   No missing values.                         but that information is not available for external users.

                                                                                                 Information collected but not available for external users.

                                                                                                 Information collected but not available for external users.




D10 = PEDUC if PPNUM = 1.                             No missing values.




                                                      No missing values.
                                                      Not applicable (no spouse)
D11 = PEDUC if PPNUM = 2.                             = sysmis.




                                                      No missing values.
                                                      Not applicable (lower than
D12 = PTOCC if PPNUM = 1.                             high school diploma) = 0.                  See comment for PTOCC.
                                                                                 Net / gross
                                                      Missing values / not        (income
                           Variable construction          applicable             variables)                                     Comments




                                                   No missing values.
                                                   Not applicable (no spouse)
                                                   = sysmis.
                                                   Not applicable (spouse with
                                                   lower than high school
D13 = PTOCC if PPNUM = 2.                          diploma) = 0.                               See comment for PTOCC.
                                                                                               Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                               Information not available in original survey.




                                                   No missing values.
                                                   Not applicable (not
D16 = PIND if PPNUM = 1.                           employed) = 0.




                                                   No missing values.
                                                   Not applicable (no spouse)
                                                   = sysmis.
                                                   Not applicable (spouse not
D17 = PIND if PPNUM = 2.                           employed) = 0.
                                                   No missing values.
                                                   Not applicable (not
D18 = PTYPEWK if PPNUM=1.                          employed) = 0.                              See comment for PTYPEWK.
                                                   No missing values.
                                                   Not applicable (no spouse)
                                                   = sysmis.
                                                   Not applicable (spouse not
D19 = PTYPEWK if PPNUM=2.                          employed) = 0.                              See comment for PTYPEWK.
                                                                                                               Net / gross
                                                                                   Missing values / not         (income
                            Variable construction                                      applicable              variables)                                    Comments


D20 = acom5 ,
where acom5 = division of municipalities by resident population (ripartizione
dei comuni per popolazione residente) .                                         No missing values.




D21 = PMART if PPNUM=1.                                                         No missing values.

                                                                                No missing values.
                                                                                Not applicable (no spouse)
MARTSP = PMART if PPNUM=2.                                                      = sysmis.
                                                                                                                             Code 2 includes tenants who rent or sublet the dwelling, while code 4
                                                                                                                             includes:
                                                                                                                             - occupied in usufruct;
D22 = godab ,                                                                                                                - occupied free of charge, i.e. owned by relatives or friends who lent the
where godab = resident status (titolo di godimento dell'abitazione di                                                        house free of charge or in exchange for services (caretaking, cleaning,
residenza) .                                                                    No missing values.                           etc.).

D25 = PDISABL if PPNUM=1.                                                       No missing values.
                                                                                No missing values.
                                                                                Not applicable (no spouse)
D26 = PDISABL if PPNUM=2.                                                       = -1.
D27 = sum(iD27) over individuals,
where iD27=1 if (PAGE<18 & PREL~=1 or 2 & PMART=1 or missing),
otherwise iD27=0.                                                               No missing values.                           Head, spouse and (ever) married children are excluded.
D28 = min(iD28) over individuals,                                               No missing values.
where iD28=PAGE if iD27=1, otherwise iD28=99                                    Not applicable (no children)
reset D28=-1 if D28=99.                                                         = sysmis.
NUM6574 = sum(iNUM6574) over individuals,
where iNUM6574=1 if (PAGE>64 & PAGE<75), otherwise iNUM6574=0.                  No missing values.
NUMGE75 = sum(iNUMGE75) over individuals,
where iNUMGE75=1 if PAGE>74,
otherwise iNUMGE75=0.                                                           No missing values.




                                                                                No missing values.
                                                                                Not applicable (not
ACTIVHD = PACTIV if PPNUM=1.                                                    employed) = 0.                               See comment for PACTIV.
                                                                                    Net / gross
                                                     Missing values / not            (income
                          Variable construction          applicable                 variables)                               Comments




                                                  No missing values.
                                                  Not applicable (no spouse)
                                                  = sysmis.
                                                  Not applicable (spouse not
ACTIVSP = PACTIV if PPNUM=2.                      employed) = 0.                                  See comment for PACTIV.




IMMIGRHD = PIMMIGR if PPNUM=1.                    No missing values.                              See comment for PIMMIGR.




                                                  No missing values.
                                                  Not applicable (no spouse)
IMMIGRSP = PIMMIGR if PPNUM=2.                    = sysmis.                                       See comment for PIMMIGR.




LFSHD = PLFS if PPNUM=1.                          No missing values.




                                                  No missing values.
                                                  Not applicable (no spouse)
LFSP = PLFS if PPNUM=2.                           = sysmis.
                                                  Missing values and not
                                                  applicable (not engaged in
                                                  any full-time regular activity)
WEEKHDFT = PWEEKFT if PPNUM=1.                    = sysmis.
                                                  Missing values and not
                                                  applicable (no spouse or
                                                  spouse not engaged in any
                                                  full-time regular activity) =
WEEKSPFT = PWEEKFT if PPNUM=2.                    sysmis.
                                                                                                                Net / gross
                                                                                    Missing values / not         (income
                            Variable construction                                         applicable            variables)                                     Comments
                                                                                Missing values and not
                                                                                applicable (not engaged in
                                                                                any part-time regular
WEEKHDPT = PWEEKPT if PPNUM=1.                                                  activity) = sysmis.
                                                                                Missing values and not
                                                                                applicable (no spouse or
                                                                                spouse not engaged in any
                                                                                part-time regular activity) =
WEEKSPPT = PWEEKPT if PPNUM=2.                                                  sysmis.

                                                                                                                              Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                              Information not available in original survey.
                                                                                Missing values and not
                                                                                applicable (not engaged in
HRSHD = PHOURS if PPNUM=1.                                                      any activity) = sysmis.
                                                                                Missing values and not
                                                                                applicable (no spouse or
                                                                                spouse not engaged in any
HRSSP = PHOURS if PPNUM=2.                                                      activity) = sysmis.

                                                                                                                              All expenditures variables are expressed in thousands of Italian Lire.
                                                                                 No missing values.                           Including food consumption only, i.e. spending on food products in
FOODEXP = consal ,                                                               Not applicable (no such                      supermarkets and the like and the spending on meals eaten regularly
where consal = amount of expenditure on food (ammontare delle spese per          expenditure in household) =                  outside the home.
consumi alimentari) .                                                            0.                                           This is one part of variable cn1 (see comment for TOTEXP).
                                                                                 No missing values.
                                                                                 Not applicable (no such
HOUSEXP = affpag ,                                                               expenditure in household) =                  Including only actual rent paid during the year for tenants, excluding
where affpag = annual rent actually paid (affitto annuo effettivamente pagato) . 0.                                           condominium charges, heating and other sundry expenses.

                                                                                                                              Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                              Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                              Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                              Information not available in original survey.


                                                                                                                              Information not available in original survey.
                                                                                                        Net / gross
                                                                               Missing values / not      (income
                            Variable construction                                  applicable           variables)                                       Comments
                                                                                                                      Including:
                                                                                                                      - variable cd1 (consumption of transport equipment net of sales earnings) :
                                                                                                                      value of the means of transport bought during 1995 (even if not paid for
                                                                                                                      completely) minus total value (I.e. amount received) of the means of
                                                                                                                      transport sold during 1995, including cars. motorbikes, caravans motor
                                                                                                                      boats, boats, bicycles;
                                                                                                                      - variable cd2 (consumption of other durables) : value of the furniture,
                                                                                                                      furnishing, household appliances and sundry rticles bought during 1995
                                                                                                                      (even if not paid for completely), including furniture, furnishings, carpets,
                                                                                                                      lamps, small household appliances, washing mashines, dishwashers,
                                                                                                                      vacuum cleaners, floor polishers, TVs, PCs, fridges, cookers, heaters, air
                                                                                                                      conditioners, radios, tape recorders, CD players, HI-FI equipment, mobile
                                                                                                                      phonesets, fax machines, cameras, camcorders, etc.;
                                                                                                                      - variable cn1 (consumption of monetary non-durables) : this is made up of
                                                                                                                      2 distinct components:
                                                                                                                      --- average spending on all consumer goods, in cash, by means of credit
                                                                                                                      cards, cheques, Bancomat cards, etc., including both food and non-food
                                                                                                                      consumption, and excluding only precious objects, cars, household
                                                                                                                      appliances and furniture, maintenance payments, other contributions
                                                                                                                      received from friends and relatives, extraordinary maintenance of hte
                                                                                                                      dwelling, rent for the dwelling, mortgage payments, life insurance
TOTEXP = c ,                                                                                                          premiums, contributions to private pension funds;
where c = total consumption (consumi totali) .                              No missing values.                        --- rent paid for the principal residence, excluding condominium charges,
                                                                                                                      All income variables are expressed in thousands of Italian Lire.

                                                                                                                      Only net incomes are available (see PNWAGE).
                                                                                                                      See coment for PNWAGE.
                                                                                                                      Included in the wages are also all the benefits paid out by the employer but
                                                                                                                      financed either by contributions or by the State, such as sick and maternity
                                                                            No missing values (all                    pay (indennita di malattia, indennita di maternita), the means-tested
                                                                            imputed).                                 maternity allowance (assegno di maternita) and the family allowance
V1NET = yl1 ,                                                               Not applicable (no such                   (assegno per il nucleo familiare) , the temporary work related cash benefit
where yl1 = net wages and salaries (retribuzione netta) .                   income in household) = 0.       net       from INAIL.

                                                                                                                      Information not available in original dataset.


                                                                                                                      Information not available in original dataset.




V4 = sum(iV4) over individuals in household,                                No missing values (all
where iV4 = ym if PIND=1,                                                   imputed).
and where ym = net income from self-employment and entrepreneurial income   Not applicable (no such
(reddito da lavoro autonomo e impresa) .                                    income in household) = 0.       net       See comment for PSLOT1.
                                                                                                             Net / gross
                                                                                    Missing values / not      (income
                              Variable construction                                     applicable           variables)                                      Comments




V5 = sum(iV5) over individuals in household,                                     No missing values (all
where iV5 = ym if PIND~=1,                                                       imputed).
and where ym = net income from self-employment and entrepreneurial income        Not applicable (no such
(reddito da lavoro autonomo e impresa) .                                         income in household) = 0.       net       See comment for PSLOT1.
                                                                                 No missing values (all
                                                                                 imputed).                                 Including the monetary value of fringe benefits in the form of lunch
V6 = yl2 ,                                                                       Not applicable (no such                   vouchers, trips, company cars, etc. (excluding housing).
where yl2 = cash value of fringe benefits (integrazioni non monetarie) .         income in household) = 0.       net       Based on basic variable ylnm from file ldip1995.


                                                                                                                           Information not, available in original dataset.
                                                                                                                           Variables ycf1 ycf2 and ycf3 have been calculated by multiplying two
                                                                                                                           different interest rates (one for savings in ycf1 and the other for savings in
                                                                                                                           ycf2 and ycf3 ) by the amounts held at the end of hte year in the following
                                                                                                                           forms of savings [basic variables from file fami1995 in brackets]:
                                                                                                                           - ycf1 : bank current account deposits [ldbcc] , bank savings deposits (i.e.
                                                                                                                           savings books, both tied and not) [ldbri] , certificates of deposit [lcd] , repos
                                                                                                                           [lpct] , postal deposits in current or savings accounts [ldp] , postal savings
                                                                                                                           certificates [lbfp] ;
                                                                                                                           - ycf2 : Italian government securities: BOTs (T-bills) [lbot] , CCTs (T-
                                                                                                                           certificates) [lcct] , BTPs (T-bonds) [lbtp] , CTZs (zero coupon) [lctz] , and
                                                                                                                           other (CTEs, CTOs et al.) [lats] ;
                                                                                                                           - ycf3 : bonds [lobb] , shares of Italian mutual funds [lqfc] , Italian shares
                                                                                                                           shares of listed companies (at their market value at end-1995) [lazq] ,
                                                                                                                           shares of societa a responsabilita limitata (limited liability company - at
V8 = ycf1 + ycf2 + ycf3 + yca1 ,                                                                                           their estimated realizable value at end-1995) [lsrl] , and shares of societa
where ycf1 = interest on bank and postal deposits (interessi su depositi                                                   di persone (partnerships - at their estimated realizable value at end-1995)
bancari e postali) ,                                                             No missing values (all                    [lper] , managed savings (by banks, SIMs and trust companies) [lgp] ,
ycf2 = interest on government securities (interessi su titoli di Stato) ,        imputed).                                 foreign securities, i.e. issued by non-residents (incl. bonds, government
ycf3 = income from other securities (interessi su altre attivita finanziare) ,   Not applicable (no such                   securities, shares and other) [lte] , and loans to cooperatives [lcoop] .
yca1 = actual rents (affitti effettivi) .                                        income in household) = 0.       net       Please note that dividends received by entrepreneurs actually working in

                                                                                                                           Variable introduced in Wave V.
                                                                                                                           Variable introduced in Wave V.
                                                                                                                           Variable introduced in Wave V.
                                                                                                                           Variable introduced in Wave V.

                                                                                                                           Variable introduced in Wave V.
                                                                                                                           Variable introduced in Wave V.
                                                                                                                           This records the rent that could be potentially received (excluding
                                                                                 No missing values (all                    condominum charges, heating or other sundry expenses) for the properties
                                                                                 imputed).                                 owned (incl. principal residence and other property owned, but excluding
V9 = yca2 ,                                                                      Not applicable (no such                   buildings used for self-employment) according to the owner; based on
where yca2 = imputed rent (affitti imputati).                                    income in household) = 0.       net       basic variable affimp from file immp1995 .
V10 = valabit if resid =1 & D22=1,
where valabit = value of the property (valore dell'immobile) ,                                                             That records the owner's best estimate of the price he/she could ask for
resid = main residence of the household (residenza principale della famiglia)    Not applicable (not                       the dwelling in which he/she lives (unoccupied, including any cellar, garage
[1: yes].                                                                        homeowners) = 0.                net       or attic).
                                                                                                              Net / gross
                                                                                     Missing values / not      (income
                            Variable construction                                        applicable           variables)                                     Comments
                                                                                                                            Information not available in original dataset.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original dataset.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original dataset.
                                                                                                                            Information not available in original dataset.
                                                                                                                            Information not available in original dataset.
                                                                                                                            Information not separately available in original survey (treatment
                                                                                                                            allowances for manual workers are included in V25SR and sickness
                                                                                                                            benefits for white-collar employees paid by the employer are included in
                                                                                                                            V1NET).
V17 = sum(iV17) over individuals in household,
where iV17 = [sum(tpens*mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =12,                                                                                                                Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della                                                  pensions (variable ytp ), so pension variables are constructed from the
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,                                                                                          more detailed individual level variables.
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,               No missing values (all                    Including direct invalidity and survivor's pensions from the National
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli          imputed).                                 Insurance Institute for Work Injuries (INAIL, Istituto Nazionale contro gli
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                      Not applicable (no such                   Infortuni sul Lavoro ); temporary cash benefits from INAIL are part of the
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [12: INAIL].                        income in household) = 0.       net       wage slip and thus included in V1NET.

V18 = sum(iV18) over individuals in household,
where iV18 = [sum(tpens*mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =2 or 6,                                                                                                            Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della                                                  pensions (variable ytp ), so pension variables are constructed from the
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,                                                                                          more detailed individual level variables.
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,                                                         Including disability pensions from the Institute for Social Protection (INPS,
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli          No missing values (all                    Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale) and from the National Welfare
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                      imputed).                                 Institute for the Protection of Public Administration (INPDAP - Istituto
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [2: INPS - disability pension       Not applicable (no such                   Nazionale della Previdenza delle Amministrazioni Pubbliche - former
(INPS - invalidità) ; 6: INPDAP - disability (INPDAP - invalidità) ].             income in household) = 0.       net       social security entities run by the Treasury).
                                                                                  No missing values (all
                                                                                  imputed).                                 Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
                                                                                  Not applicable (no such                   pensions (variable ytp ), so pension variables are constructed from the
V19 = V19S1 + V19S4 + V19SR.                                                      income in household) = 0.       net       more detailed individual level variables.
V19S1 = sum(iV19S1) over individuals in household,
where iV19S1 = [sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =1 & if [sum(tpens*mesip ) over pensions per individual]=ytp1 & if
[sum(arret ) over pensions per individual]=ytp2 ,
else PSOCRET = ytp1 + ytp2 ,                                                                                                Includes old-age (pensione di vecchiaia), long-service / seniority pensions
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della                                                  (pensione di anzianità) and means-tested integration to the minimum
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,                                                                                          pension (integrazione al trattamento minimo) from the National Institute for
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,                                                         Social Protection (INPS, Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale)
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli                                                    covering private sector workers and some self-employed (farmers,
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                                                                craftsmen, traders); other categories (such as industrial managers, liberal
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [1: INPS: old-age or long-service   No missing values (all                    professions, air transport workers, journalists, etc.) are covered by special
(vecchiaia o anzianità) ],                                                        imputed).                                 systems not included here.
ytp1 = pensions (pensioni [imputed variable]) ,                                   Not applicable (no such                   When missing, the amount has been imputed for all types of pensions, and
ytp2 = pension arrears (arretrati di pensione) [imputed variable].                income in household) = 0.       net       it is then included here (5 cases).

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey (some supplementary pensions
                                                                                                                            and supplementary benefits from INPS are included in V19SR).
                                                                                                           Net / gross
                                                                                  Missing values / not      (income
                            Variable construction                                     applicable           variables)                                     Comments
                                                                                                                         Information not separately available in original survey (long-service or
                                                                                                                         seniority pensins are included in V19S1).
V19S4 = sum(iV19S4) over individuals in household,
where iV19S4 = [sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =3,
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,                                                      Including survivor's pensions to the spouse, children grand-children or
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli       No missing values (all                    other relatives of a pensioner or a worker (pensione di reversibilità e
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                   imputed).                                 pensione indiretta) from the National Institute for Social Protection (INPS,
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [3: INPS - survivor's (INPS      Not applicable (no such                   Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale) ; see comment for V19S1 for
reversibilità) ].                                                              income in household) = 0.       net       coverage.
V19SR = sum(iV19SR) over individuals in household,
where iV19SR = [sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =99,
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della                                               The variable "other pensions" includes all pensions not exactly identified
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,                                                                                       by the respondent, the larger part of which being from the National Institute
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,            No missing values (all                    for Social Protection (INPS, Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale) ,
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli       imputed).                                 but it also includes pensions from special systems for specific categories
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                   Not applicable (no such                   (industrial managers, liberal professions, air transport workers, journalists,
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [99: other pensions (altro) ].   income in household) = 0.       net       etc.) and some private occupational pensions.
                                                                                                                         Information not separately available in original survey. In Italy there exists
                                                                                                                         a means-tested benefit for families with children; this is not separable from
                                                                                                                         the wage slip and included in V1NET.

                                                                                                                         Information not separately available in original survey (included in V1NET).


                                                                                                                         Information not available in original survey.
                                                                                                                         Information not separately available in original survey (orphan's pensions
                                                                                                                         are included in V19S4).

                                                                                                                         Information not available in original survey.
                                                                               No missing values (all
                                                                               imputed).
                                                                               Not applicable (no such
V21 = V21S1 + V21S3 + V21SR.                                                   income in household) = 0.       net       See comment for PUNEMP.

V21S1 = sum(iV21S1) over individuals in household,                             No missing values (all
where iV21S1 = ytb3 ,                                                          imputed).
where ytb3 = main unemployment benefits (indennità di disoccupazione -         Not applicable (no such
speciale, ordinaria, ecc.) .                                                   income in household) = 0.       net       Including the ordinary and extraordinary unemployment benefit.

                                                                                                                         Information not available in original survey (no such benefit in Italy).

                                                                                                                         Information not available in original survey (no such benefit in Italy).
V21SR = sum(iV21SR) over individuals in household,
where iV21SR = ytb1 + ytb2 ,                                                   No missing values (all                    Including ordinary and extraordinary earnings complements for company
where ytb1 = wage supplementation payments (assegni della cassa                imputed).                                 workers in certain categories and areas, as well as the mobility allowance
integrazione) ,                                                                Not applicable (no such                   for all salaried workers who qualified for the extaordinary earnings
ytb2 = other unemployment benefits (indennità di mobilità) .                   income in household) = 0.       net       supplement.
                                                                                                             Net / gross
                                                                                   Missing values / not       (income
                            Variable construction                                      applicable            variables)                                     Comments
                                                                                                                           Information not separately available in original survey (part of the pay slip
                                                                                                                           and included in V1NET).
                                                                                                                           Information not separately available in original survey (part of the pay slip
                                                                                                                           and included in V1NET).
                                                                                                                           Information not available in original survey.


                                                                                                                           Information not available in original survey.
V23 = sum(iV23) over individuals in household,
where iV23 = [sum(tpens*mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =10,
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli         No missing values (all                    Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                     imputed).                                 pensions (variable ytp ), so pension variables are constructed from the
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [10: State - war pensions (Stato - Not applicable (no such                   more detailed individual level variables.
guerra) ].                                                                       income in household) = 0.       net       Including war pensions (pensioni di guerra) from the Treasury.
                                                                                 No missing values (all
                                                                                 imputed).
                                                                                 Not applicable (no such
V24 = V24S2.                                                                     income in household) = 0.       net
                                                                                                                           Information not available in original survey; the care allowance (assegno
                                                                                                                           di accompagnamento) is paid directly to invalidity pensioners who need
                                                                                                                           help to move around or who need permanent attendance to accomplish
                                                                                                                           daily tasks and is included in V18.
                                                                                                                           Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
                                                                                No missing values (all                     transfers (variable yta ).
V24S2 = sum(iV24S2) over individuals in household,                              imputed).                                  Variable ytd1 of the annual data corresponds exactly to variable bors of
where iV24S2 = bors ,                                                           Not applicable (no such                    the historical database.
and where bors = student scholarships (borsa di studio) .                       income in household) = 0.        net       Includes private scholarships as well.

                                                                                                                           Information not available in original survey.
                                                                                                                           Information not available in original survey.
                                                                                                                           In the historical database all types of public economic support are lumped
                                                                                                                           together with other transfers such as unemployment benefits and
                                                                                                                           economic support from local health units, local government bodies and
                                                                                No missing values (all                     private social institutions at the individual level (variable assist ), and
                                                                                imputed).                                  together with all transfers at the household level (variale yta ); for this
                                                                                Not applicable (no such                    reason, the annual more detailed file on transfers was used for all
V25 = V25S1 + V25S2 + V25SR.                                                    income in household) = 0.        net       economic support variables.
V25S1 = sum(iV25S1) over individuals in household,
where iV25S1 = ytc1 + ytc2 + ytc3 + ytc4 ,
and where ytc1 = economic support from central government (assistenza
economica da amministratzioni pubbliche centrali) ,
ytc2 = economic support from regional government (assistenza economica da
amministratzioni regionali) ,
ytc3 = economic support from provincial government (assistenza economica        No missing values (all
da amministratzioni provinciali) ,                                              imputed).                                  See comment for V25.
ytc4 = economic support from municipal government (assistenza economica         Not applicable (no such                    Includes assistance for disabled persons, maintenance, guaranteed
da amministratzioni comunali).                                                  income in household) = 0.        net       minimum income, etc. from all government bodies.
                                                                                                              Net / gross
                                                                                     Missing values / not      (income
                             Variable construction                                       applicable           variables)                                     Comments
V25S2 = sum(iV25S2) over individuals in household,
where iV25S2 =[sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =4,
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli          No missing values (all                    Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                      imputed).                                 pensions (variable ytp ), so pension variables are constructed from the
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [4: INPS - social pension (INPS -   Not applicable (no such                   more detailed individual level variables.
pensione sociale) ].                                                              income in household) = 0.       net       Including the social pension (pensione sociale).

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.
V25SR = sum(iV25SR) over individuals in household,
where iV25SR = ytc5 + ytc6 + [sum(tpens*mesip + arret ) over pensions per
individual] if tipopen =11,
and where ytc5 = economic support from local health unit (assistenza
economica da USL/ASL - asssegno di cura, etc.) ,
ytc6 = economic support from other local government bodies (assistenza
economica da altri enti pubblici locali),
tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della pensione
al netto delle imposte),                                                                                                    See comment for V25. Information at the household level is constructed
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite),                                                          only for all types of pensions (variable ytp), so pension variables are
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli          No missing values (all                    constructed from the more detailed individual level variables.
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno),                                       imputed).                                 Includes food allowances, assistance for treatment, etc. from local health
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [11: State - disability (Stato -    Not applicable (no such                   units and other public agencies plus the means-tested State invalidity
invalidità civile) ].                                                             income in household) = 0.       net       pension for civil invalids.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.


                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                            Information not available in original survey.
                                                                                                          Net / gross
                                                                                 Missing values / not      (income
                            Variable construction                                    applicable           variables)                                      Comments

                                                                                                                        Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                        Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                        Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                        Information not available in original survey.
                                                                              No missing values (all
                                                                              imputed).
                                                                              Not applicable (no such
V32 = V32SR.                                                                  income in household) = 0.       net       Including only foreign pensions.
V32S1 = sum(iV32S1) over individuals in household,
where iV32S1 = [sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =13,
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,                                                     Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli      No missing values (all                    pensions (variable ytp ), so pension variables are constructed from the
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                  imputed).                                 more detailed individual level variables.
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [13: private pensions / life    Not applicable (no such                   Including private pensions and life annuities from Italian private bodies (i.e.
annuities (pensioni private e vitalizi) ].                                    income received) = 0.           net       insurances).

                                                                                                                        Information not available in original survey (no such possibility in Italy).
V32SR = sum(iV32SR) over individuals in household,
where iV32SR = [sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if
tipopen =14,
where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,
arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli      No missing values (all                    Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
arretrati di pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                  imputed).                                 pensions (variable ytp ), so pension variables are constructed from the
tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [14: pensions from foreign      Not applicable (no such                   more detailed individual level variables.
entities (pensioni estere) ].                                                 income received) = 0.           net       Including pensions from foreign entities.
                                                                                                                        Information at the household level is constructed only for all types of
                                                                                                                        pensions (variable ytp ), so pension variables are constructed from the
                                                                                                                        more detailed individual level variables.
                                                                              No missing values (all                    Including old-age, long-service and survivor's pensions from the National
                                                                              imputed).                                 Welfare Institute for the Protection of Public Administration (INPDAP -
V33 = sum(iV33) over individuals in household,                                Not applicable (no such                   Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza delle Amministrazioni Pubbliche -
where iV33 = PPUBPEN.                                                         income received) = 0.           net       former social security entities run by the Treasury).

                                                                              No missing values (all                    In the historical database, alimony payments are lumped together with
V34 = sum(iV34) over individuals in household,                                imputed).                                 other income at the individual level (variable enric ), and togethewr with all
where iV34 = ytd3 ,                                                           Not applicable (no such                   transfers at the household level (variable yta ); for this reason LIS used the
and where ytd3 = alimony (assegni per gli alimenti) .                         income received) = 0.           net       annual more detailed transfer file at the individual level.
                                                                                                                        Information on maintenance payments paid was collected only starting
                                                                                                                        from the 1998 survey.
                                                                              No missing values (all
                                                                              imputed).
                                                                              Not applicable (no such
V35 = V35S1 + V35S2.                                                          income received) = 0.           net
                                                                                                                Net / gross
                                                                                        Missing values / not     (income
                             Variable construction                                          applicable          variables)                                     Comments

V35S1 = sum(iV35S1) over individuals in household,                                   No missing values (all
where iV35S1 = ytd2 ,                                                                imputed).
and where ytd2 = gifts or cash from friends or relatives not living in the           Not applicable (no such
household (regali/contributi in denaro da parenti o amici non conviventi).           income received) = 0.          net       In the historical database, these payments were not considered at all.
                                                                                                                              In the historical database all types of economic support are lumped
V35S2 = sum(iV35S2) over individuals in household,                                   No missing values (all                   together at the individual level (variable assist ), and together with all
where iV35S2 = ytc7 ,                                                                imputed).                                transfers at the household level (variable yta ); for this reason, the annual
and where ytc7 = economic support from private social institutions (assistenza       Not applicable (no such                  more detailed file on transfers was used for all economic support
economica da istituzioni sociali private).                                           income received) = 0.          net       variables.

                                                                                                                              Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                              Varuiable introduced in Wave V.

                                                                                     No missing values (all                   In the historical database other income is lumped together with alimony at
V36 = sum(iV36) over individuals in household,                                       imputed).                                the individual level (variable enric ), and together with all transfers at the
where iV36 = ytd4 ,                                                                  Not applicable (no such                  household level (variable yta ); for this reason, the annual more detailed
and where ytd4 = other income (altre entrate).                                       income received) = 0.          net       file on transfers was used for this variable.
                                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                                     imputed).
                                                                                     Not applicable (no such
V37 = V37SR.                                                                         income received) = 0.          net


V37SR = sum(iV37SR) over individuals in household,
where iV37SR = yta1 + yta2 + yta3 + ytb4 ,
and where yta1 = payments under life insurance policies, excl. supplementary
pensions/life annuities (liquidazioni da assicurazione ramo vita, escluso
pensioni integrative vitalize) ,
yta2 = payments under causality policies (liquidazioni da danni - sinistri auto,
casa, ecc.) ,
yta3 = payments under health policies (liquidazioni sanitarie - rimborso visite      No missing values (all
specialistiche, degenza, ecc.) ,                                                     imputed).                                The variables yta1 , yta2 and yta3 of the annual data have been lumped
ytb4 = severance pay, incl. advances (liquidazione da lavoro, inclusi gli anticipi   Not applicable (no such                  together in variable liqv of the historical database, while variable ytb4
della liquidazione) .                                                                income received) = 0.          net       corresponds exactly to variable liql of the historical database.

                                                                                                                              Only net information available in original survey.
                                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                                     imputed).
                                                                                     Not applicable (head not
V39NET = PNWAGE if PPNUM=1.                                                          receiving wage) = 0.           net
                                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                                     imputed).
                                                                                     Not applicable (head not
                                                                                     receiving wage or not
V40 = PHRWAGE if PPNUM=1.                                                            derivable) = sysmis.           net

                                                                                                                              Only net information available in original survey.
                                                                                                     Net / gross
                                                                           Missing values / not       (income
                        Variable construction                                   applicable           variables)                                  Comments
                                                                       No missing values (all
                                                                       imputed).
                                                                       Not applicable (no spouse)
                                                                       = sysmis.
                                                                       Not applicable (spouse not
V41NET = PNWAGE if PPNUM=2.                                            receiving wage) = 0.              net
                                                                       No missing values (all
                                                                       imputed).
                                                                       Not applicable (no spouse,
                                                                       spouse not receiving wage
V42 = PHRWAGE if PPNUM=2.                                              or not derivable) = sysmis.       net

                                                                                                                   From wave IV on, this variable has been replaced by V26S2.

                                                                                                                   From wave IV on, this variable has been replaced byV26 - V26S2.
                                                                                                                   All income variables are expressed in thousands of Italian Lire.
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
                                                                     Not applicable (no such
SELFI = V4 + V5.                                                     income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
                                                                     Not applicable (no such
EARNING = V1NET + V4 + V5.                                           income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
                                                                     Not applicable (no such
FI = V1NET + V4 + V5 + V8.                                           income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
                                                                     Not applicable (no such
PENSIOI = V32 + V33.                                                 income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
                                                                     Not applicable (no such
MI = V1NET + V4 + V5 + V8 + V32 + V33.                               income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
                                                                     Not applicable (no such
MEANSI = V25 + V26.                                                  income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
                                                                     Not applicable (no such
OTHSOCI = V16 + V17 + V18 + V22 + V23 + V24.                         income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
                                                                     Not applicable (no such
SOCI = V16 + V17 + V18 + V19 + V20 + V21 + V22 + V23 + V24.          income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                     No missing values (all
                                                                     imputed).
SOCTRANS = V16 + V17 + V18 + V19 + V20 + V21 + V22 + V23 + V24 + V25 Not applicable (no such
+ V26.                                                               income in household) = 0.           net
                                                                                                     Net / gross
                                                                          Missing values / not        (income
                         Variable construction                                 applicable            variables)                                     Comments
                                                                      No missing values (all
                                                                      imputed).
                                                                      Not applicable (no such
PRIVATI = V34 + V35.                                                  income in household) = 0.          net
                                                                      No missing values (all
                                                                      imputed).
SOCTRANS = V16 + V17 + V18 + V19 + V20 + V21 + V22 + V23 + V24 + V25 Not applicable (no such
+ V26 + V34 + V35.                                                    income in household) = 0.          net
                                                                      No missing values (all
                                                                      imputed).
GI = V1NET + V4 + V5 + V8 + V16 + V17 + V18 + V19 + V20 + V21 + V22 + Not applicable (no such
V23 + V24 + V25 + V26 + V32 + V33 + V34 + V35 + V36.                  income in household) = 0.         net        This actually represents total net income (same as DPI).

                                                                                                                   Information not available in original survey.
                                                                         No missing values (all
                                                                         imputed).
DPI = (V1NET + V4 + V5 + V8 + V16 + V17 + V18 + V19 + V20 + V21 + V22 + Not applicable (no such
V23 + V24 + V25 + V26 + V32 + V33 + V34 + V35 + V36) - (V7 + V11 + V13). income in household) = 0.       net
 Number of
observations
          Missing and not applicable values have been excluded
 Unweighted


        8135

        8135


        8135

        8135


            0


            0




        8135

        8135


        5901

        8135

        8135
        8135




        8135
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




       8135

           0

           0




       8135




       5901




       8135
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




       5901
          0

           0




       8135




       5901


       8135




       5901
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




       8135




       8135




       5901




       8135

       8135


       5901


       8135


       2667

       8135


       8135




       8135
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




       5901




       8135




       5901




       8135




       5901




       4352




       1756
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded



         260




         275

           0

           0


       4450




       1992




       8119




       2009

           0

           0

           0

           0


           0
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




       8135


           0




       4518

           0


           0




         149
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




       1656




         441


           0




       6783




       6364




       5061
 Number of
observations
           0
          Missing and not applicable values have been excluded


             0

             0
             0
             0




             0




            76




           594




         3392




         2720


             0
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded
           0




       1003




          97


           0

           0


           0

           0

           0




         180




          79

           0

           0




         103
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded
           0

           0
           0


           0




          50




          68




           0




          68

           0
           0




         468




          99
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




         288

           0

           0




          99

           0

           0

           0

           0

           0

           0

           0


           0

           0

           0

           0
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded
           0

           0

           0

           0




          67




          24

           0




          43




         741




          39

           0




         189
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




         184




           6

           0




         123




         232

           0




         232

           0




       3186




       3163

           0
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




       1536




       1522

           0

           0




       1785




       5526




       7423




         796




       7497




         468




         773




       3879




       4021
 Number of
observations
         Missing and not applicable values have been excluded



         223




       4166




       8120

           0




       8120
                                                                                              Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard        (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation              (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded
                       Weighted by HWEIGHT


               81              81             81                   0

                 1          8135 3940.26864 2357.91361


     292.336404 25393.5539 2477.03337 2327.59964

                 1              1               1                  0




                 0              4 0.77128167 0.58491597

               18              94 54.7532818 15.7740643


               16              90 48.1619493 14.0854106

                 1              2 1.21932656 0.41379032

                 1              9 2.84201905           1.3372004
                 5              5          5                   0




                 0              8 1.05182682 0.93275213
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




              101            520 276.109123 144.452215




                 1              6 2.82558709 1.10236721




                 1              6 2.85867526 1.07189243




                 0             16 1.23028716 3.04713377
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




                 0             16 1.41813057 3.28655599




                 0             10 2.56680488 3.25212556




                 0             10 1.97197824 3.23086919


                 0              2 0.65708644 0.70700316




                 0              2 0.47301575 0.70421939
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




                 1              5 2.84208722 1.39660641




                 1              4 2.30113142 0.85862251




                 1              4 1.99739789 0.08339657




                 1              4 1.57742956 0.95618828

                 0              1 0.04368239 0.20438748


                 0              1 0.03928049 0.19426151


                 0              5 0.51128078 0.85518522


                 0             17 7.89917824 5.34020361

                 0              3 0.31569244 0.59243501


                 0              3 0.18358973 0.44402007




                 0              9 1.78816203 2.59118198
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




                 0              9 1.16240396 2.23657373




                 1              8 7.39510401 1.75949991




                 1              8 7.29827658 1.89431631




                 1              9 3.58573789 2.39455554




                 1              8 3.53701262           1.8674171




                 4             52 49.3449482 8.59376658




                 4             52 49.1067188 9.06558998
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded



                 4             52 36.0170661 19.6902121




                 4             52 42.9601406 15.9488222




                 1             97 43.0736683 13.0540721




                 2             97 36.6082546 13.6010036




              240          60000     9979.2709 5402.06834




               24          30000 4085.14443 2581.76371
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




             1620        431600 32954.6977 21320.2759




              400        170000 31157.9348 19130.3323




      -27127.345         390000 20884.6418 44558.1594
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




          -80000         600000 25446.1532             30290.849




              100          44000     3177.3841 5238.02519




      0.4544026 174205.061 3095.61782 8241.77409




     15.4745052          413600 9741.02183 11288.4927




             5000       3000000 224954.909 182952.439
                                                                                                      Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard             (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation                   (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




              800          37050 8522.58533 7974.94517




              156          52000 8572.60194 4837.02371             disabi1/disabi2 = [sum(tpens*mesip + arret) over pensions per individual] if tipopen=2/6




              325          88400 16487.1526 9923.16856




              195          88400 16485.6317 9674.77305 See PSOCRET.
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




              240          52000     8532.2901 5253.62948




             1950          67600 24169.1802 17672.9891




              500          22800 6690.63953 4413.41809




              570          14400 4409.75767 2394.43813




              500          22800 9413.78164 4776.92505 See PUNEMP.
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




              360          67850 5201.19539 8665.71366




              100          18700 4072.39497 4617.42973




              100          18700 4072.39497 4617.42973




              104          53000 7362.02294 5492.54753




              139          53000 8177.20261 8371.90742
                                                                                                     Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard             (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation                   (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




              104          24570 6459.02735            2913.5154




              800          52000 8044.73504 5967.14304             disabi3 = [sum(tpens*mesip + arret) over pensions per individual] if tipopen=11
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




              455          72000 12697.6762            11777.996




              540          54000 9455.50647 6595.93407




              455          72000 16377.8569 14877.0131




              260        102700 22148.5783 12415.2094 See PPUBPEN.




              600          13800 5314.42117 2755.17892




              150        260000 9051.95088             28038.111
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




              400        260000 9030.36223 28283.3565




              150          14400 6481.37383 6126.87801




              150        100000 9758.61131 16414.6173




              150        335000      23119.893         40299.815




              150        335000      23119.893         40299.815




              700        150000 25971.4979 12878.1447




     0.19230769 58.2264957           12.883532 6.55672436
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded




              400          85000 19655.5581 9071.01481




     0.21978022                55 11.9514815 6.38205291




          -80000         600000 25275.8651             32019.309




          -80000         600000 33807.3067 26280.0295




          -80000 734577.139 27768.9094 29891.3206




              260        102700 21956.3515 12502.4114




          -80000 751477.139 29600.1092 30344.2335




              104          53000 7362.02294 5492.54753




              100          67850 8157.97027 5645.64003




              100          88400 16285.2485 10163.3941




              100          88400 16483.3197 10288.6323
                                                                                          Original variable descriptives
                                                       Standard    (For income and expenditure variables calculated from more than 1 original variable)
     Minimum         Maximum           Mean            Deviation          (Please note that the most original variables are on the individual level)
Missing and not applicable values have been excluded



              150        260000 8622.55093 25944.6527




              100        264000 16371.6094 11760.9164




          -80000 751477.139 35913.0624 29705.1463




          -80000 751477.139 35913.0624 29705.1463
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Net / gross
  Variable                           Present                                                                                                                                                                                                  Missing values / not      (income
    Name          Variable label      in file                               Value labels                                     Source                                                   Variable construction                                       applicable           variables)                                       Comments
PERSON LEVEL VARIABLES
File information
              Unique country/year id
 COUNTRY number                        YES 81 Italy 1995                                                      LIS code                               COUNTRY = 81.                                                                        No missing values.
              Unique household unit                                                                                                                  See variables definition.
 CASENUM number                        YES                                                                    LIS code                               (original variable: nquest = household id - numero di questionario).                 No missing values.
                                              1 head
                                              2 wife or steady partner
                                              3 oldest other adult
                                              4 2nd oldest oth adlt
                                              5 3rd oldest oth adlt
                                              31 4th oldest oth adlt
                                              32 5th oldest oth adlt
                                              33 6th oldest oth adlt
                                              34 7th oldest oth adlt                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Note that if there is a married couple and the head is female, the head is
   PPNUM      Person number            YES 35 8th oldest oth adlt                                             LIS code                               See variables definition.                                                            No missing values.                         switched with the spouse, so that the head is male.
 PWEIGHT Person weight                 YES                                                                    LIS household level data               PWEIGHT = HWEIGHT.                                                                   No missing values.                         Original structured variable ym Includes income from self-employment net of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     taxes, contributions and depreciation based on the following structured
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     subvariables (and corresponding basic variables):
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     - variable ym1 (income from self employment) = sum of yml (from file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     linb1995 for members of professions, self-employed, sole proprietors and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     entrepreneurs with fewer than 20 employees) and yml (from file lind1995 for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     family businesses), including revenues from sales of goods or services net of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     VAT plus other receipts minus ordinary maintenance expenses, purchases of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     raw materials or goods, employee compensation (incl. social security
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     contributions), current expenses, rent of premises, taxes and other expenses
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (interest paid, leasing instalments) excluding depreciation/provisions;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     - (minus) variable ym2 (depreciation) = sum of ammort (from file linb1995)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and ammort (from file lind1995 as above) including the amount of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     depreciation, i.e. the amount needed to compensate for the wear of capital
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No missing values (all                     goods);
                                                                                                                                                     PSLOT1 = ym ,                                                                        imputed).                                  - variable ym3 (entrepreneurial income) = comfis + divid (both from file
           Person self-                                                                                       Original historical individual level   where ym = net income from self-employment and entrepreneurial income (reddito       Not applicable (no such                    linc1995 for entrepreneurs with 20 or more employees), including
  PSLOT1 employment income              YES                                                                   structured income data (rper1995)      da lavoro autonomo e impresa) .                                                      income in household) = 0.                  respectively the fixed compensation for work in the firm net of tax, and the
           Person specific
  PSLOT2 person information             NO
Demographic variables
                                                                                                              Original historical individual level   PAGE = età ,
   PAGE      Age                        YES                                                                   demographic data (comp1995)            where età = age in years (età - anni) .                                              No missing values.
                                               1 male                                                         Original historical individual level   PSEX = sesso ,
   PSEX      Sex                        YES    2 female                                                       demographic data (comp1995)            where sesso = sex (sesso) .                                                          No missing values.
                                               1 never married
                                               2 married
                                               3 separated / divorced                                         Original historical individual level   PMART = staciv (recoded),
  PMART      Marital status             YES    4 widowed                                                      demographic data (comp1995)            where staciv = marital status (stato civile) .                                       No missing values.
                                               1 head of household
                                               2 spouse / partner of head
                                               3 child of head                                                Original historical individual level   PREL = par ,
   PREL      Relationship               YES    4 other                                                        demographic data (comp1995)            where par = household position (grado di parentela dei membri della famiglia) .      No missing values.
 PETHNAT     Ethnicity / Nationality    NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Information collected but not available for external users.
                                                                                                                                                     PIMMIGR = 1 if nascarea =sysmis,
                                                                                                                                                     PIMMIGR = 2 if nascarea =3 & area3=1,
                                                                                                                                                     PIMMIGR = 3 if nascarea =3 & area3= 2,
                                               1 born outside Italy                                                                                  PIMMIGR = 4 if nascarea= 2 & area3= 1,
                                               2 born in the south (incl. islands), lives in the north                                               PIMMIGR = 5 if nascarea= 2 & area3= 3,
                                               3 born in the south (incl. islands), lives in the centre                                              PIMMIGR = 6 if nascarea= 1 & area3= 2,
                                               4 born in the centre, lives in the north                                                              PIMMIGR = 7 if nascarea= 1 & area3= 3,
                                               5 born in the centre, lives in the south (incl. islands)                                              PIMMIGR = 8 if nascarea=area3 ,
                                               6 born in the north, lives in the centre                                                              where nascarea = geographical area of birth (area geografica di nascita) [variable
                                               7 born in the north, lives in the south (incl. islands)        Original historical individual level   always available for persons born in Italy],                                                                                    Information on the region of birth outside Italy is collected but it is not
 PIMMIGR     Immigration Status         YES    8 lives in the area of birth                                   demographic data (comp1995)            area3 = geographical area of residence (area geografica di residenza) .              No missing values.                         available for external users.
                                               1 none (nessuno)
                                               2 elementary school (licenza elementare)
                                               3 middle school (medie inferiori)
                                               4 high school (medie superiori)
                                               5 bachelor's degree (laurea)                                   Original historical individual level   PEDUC = studio ,
  PEDUC      Educational level          YES    6 post-graduate qualification (specializzazione post-laurea)   demographic data (comp1995)            where studio = educational qualification (titolo di studio) .                        No missing values.
                                               0 less than high school education
                                               1 HS professional studies
                                               2 HS technical school
                                               3 HS classical, scientific, language
                                               4 HS art school/institute
                                               5 HS teacher training
                                               6 HS other
                                               7 UNIV math,phys,chem,biol,sciences,pharmacy
                                               8 UNIV agricultural or veterinary sciences
                                               9 UNIV medicine & dentistry
                                               10 UNIV engineering
                                               11 UNIV architecture/city-planning
                                               12 UNIV economics or statistics
                                               13 UNIV political science, sociology                                                                  PTOCC = tipolau + 6 if tipolau >0,
                                               14 UNIV law                                                                                           else PTOCC = tipodip ,                                                               No missing values.                         This variable actually contains the type of high school diploma or, if
                                               15 UNIV arts, philosophy, languages                            Original annual individual level       where tipolau = field of university degree,                                          Not applicable (lower than                 available, the field of universty degree. This information comes from the
  PTOCC      Occupational training      YES    16 UNIV other                                                  demographic data (carcom95)            tipodip = type of high school diploma.                                               high school diploma) = 0.                  annual data as it is not available in the historical panel database.
                                               1 employee
                                               2 self-employed
                                               3 first job-seeker
                                               4 housewife
                                               5 rentier                                                                                             PLFS = qualp3 if qualp3 <3, else
                                               6 pensioner                                                                                           PLFS = nonoc + 2 if qualp3 =3 & nonocc >0,
                                               7 unemployed                                                                                          where qualp3 = main emloyment, work status (occupazione principale, ripartizione
                                               8 student                                                      Original historical individual level   per condizione professionale) ,
   PLFS      Labor force status         YES    9 other not employed                                           demographic data (comp1995)            nonoc = not employed (ripartizione delle condizioni non professionali) .             No missing values.
                                     0 not working
                                     1 blue-collar worker or similar
                                     2 office worker or school teacher
                                     3 junior manager/cadre
                                     4 manager, senior official                                                                                                                                                                                                               Codes 1 to 4 are used for employees and 5 to 9 for self-employed.
                                     5 member of the arts or professions                                                                                                                                                                                                      Code 1 includes also apprentices and homeworkers; code 2 includes
                                     6 sole proprietor                                                                                                                                                                                                                        teachers in any type of school, those with term appointments, those under
                                     7 freelance                                                                                           PACTIV = qualp10 ,                                                                         No missing values.                      special contracts and similar.
           Activity code             8 owner or member of family buisness                           Original historical individual level   where qualp10 = main employment, work status (occupazione principale,                      Not applicable (not                     Code 10 of the original variable (not employed) has been recoded into not
  PACTIV   (occupation)        YES   9 active shareholder/partner                                   demographic data (comp1995)            ripartizione per condizione professionale) .                                               employed) = 0.                          working (0).
   POCC    Occupation          NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Information not available in original survey.
                                     0 not working
                                     1 agriculture
                                     2 manufacturing
                                     3 building and construction
                                     4 wholesale and retail trade, lodging and catering serv.
                                     5 transport and communications
                                     6 services of credit and insurance institutions
                                     7 real estate & renting serv., other prof. & buis. actvities
                                     8 domestic services and other private services                                                        PIND = settp11 ,                                                                           No missing values.
                                     9 general gov., defence, educ., health & oth. publ. serv.      Original historical individual level   where settp11 = main employment, branch of activity (occupazione principale,               Not applicable (not                     Code 11 of the original variable (not employed) has been recoded into not
   PIND    Industry            YES   10 extra-territorial org. and entities                         demographic data (comp1995)            ripartizione per settore di attività economica) .                                          employed) = 0.                          working (0).
                                                                                                                                           PTYPEWK = 1 if settp11 ~=9 or 11,
                                                                                                                                           PTYPEWK = 2 if settp11 =9,
                                     0 not working                                                                                         where settp11 = main employment, branch of activity (occupazione principale,               No missing values.
        Type (status) of             1 private sector                                               Original historical individual level   ripartizione per settore di attività economica) [9: general government, defence,           Not applicable (not
PTYPEWK worker                 YES   2 public sector                                                demographic data (comp1995)            education, health and other public services; 11: not employed].                            employed) = 0.                          Information on employment activities is recorded in 4 different files
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              (depending on the type of activity), where the unit of observation is the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              activity and not the individual:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              - ldip1995: payroll employment activities (lavoro dipendente) ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              - linb1995 : self-employment activities for members of the professions, self-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              employed, sole proprietors and entrepreneurs with fewer than 20 employees
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              (lavoro indipendente: liberi professionisti, lavoratori autonomi e imprenditori
                                                                                                                                           PHOURS = oretotdip + oretotb + oretotc + oretotd,                                                                                  individuali e fino a 20 addetti) ;
                                                                                                                                           where oretotdip = number of hours worked on average per week (incl. overtime) /                                                    - linc1995: self-employment activities for entrepreuneurs with 20 or more
                                                                                                                                           payroll employment [intermediate variable ceated by LIS on the basis of oretot from                                                employees (lavoro indipendente: imprenditori con oltre 20 addetti) ;
                                                                                                                                           ldip1995 )],                                                                                                                       - lind1995: self-employment activities for family buisness (lavoro
                                                                                                                                           oretotb = number of hours worked on average per week (incl. overtime) / self-emlp                                                  indipendente: imprese familiari) .
                                                                                                                                           <20 empl. [intermediate variable ceated by LIS on the basis of oretot from                                                         The information on the activities as unpaid family members (lavoro
                                                                                                                                           linb1995 )],                                                                                                                       indipendente: coadiuvanti) was available only for the 1989 survey year (file
                                                                                                                                           oretotc = number of hours worked on average per week (incl. overtime) / self-emlp.                                                 lina1989 ).
                                                                                                                                           >20 empl. [intermediate variable ceated by LIS on the basis of oretot from                                                         If a person is engaged both in a payroll employment activity and a self-
                                                                                                                                           linc1995 )],                                                                                                                       employment activity (either of the 3), all the hours/months worked are added
                                                                                                    Original historical activity level     oretotd = number of hours worked on average per week (incl. overtime) / family             Missing values and not                  together and topcoded at, respectively, 97 hours (same limit as in indvidual
           Hours worked per          1 1 hour or less                                               employment data (ldip1995,             buisness [intermediate variable ceated by LIS on the basis of oretot1 to oretot6           applicable (not engaged in              original variables) and 52 weeks.
 PHOURS    week                YES   97 97 hours or more                                            linb1995, linc1995 & lind1995)         from lind1995 )].                                                                          any activity) = sysmis.                 If the person is engaged in more than one payroll employment activity, the
                                                                                                                                           PWEEKFT = [mesilavdip (if partime =0) + (mesilavb + mesilavc + mesilavd) if
                                                                                                                                           attivp =1] *4.33,
                                                                                                                                           where mesilavdip = number of months of the year worked / payroll employment
                                                                                                                                           [intermediate variable ceated by LIS on the basis of mesilav from ldip1995 ],
                                                                                                                                           partime = part-time activity / payroll employment [0: no],
                                                                                                                                           mesilavb = number of months of the year worked /self-emlp. <20 empl.                                                               See comment for PHOURS.
                                                                                                                                           [intermediate variable ceated by LIS on the basis of mesilav from linb1995 ],                                                      Information on full-time versus part-time employment exists only for payroll
                                                                                                                                           mesilavc = number of months of the year worked /self-emlp. >20 empl. [intermediate                                                 employment activities.
                                                                                                                                           variable ceated by LIS on the basis of mesilav from linc1995 ],                                                                    For payroll employment activities, only weeks worked full-time in the main
                                                                                                                                           mesilavd = number of months of the year worked / family buisness [intermediate             Missing values and not                  activity are considered, whereas for the other 3 types of activities all the
                                                                                                    Original historical activity level     variable ceated by LIS on the basis of mesilav from lind1995 ],                            applicable (not engaged in              weeks worked in the main activity are considered (assuming that the main
           Weeks worked full                                                                        employment data (ldip1995,             attivp = type of activity /self-emlp. <20 empl., self-emlp. >20 empl., family business     any full-time regular activity)         activity is full-time).
PWEEKFT    time                YES                                                                  linb1995, linc1995 & lind1995)         [1: main].                                                                                 = sysmis.                               Occasional activities are not considered.
                                                                                                                                           PWEEKPT = [mesilavdip (if partime =1) + (mesilavb + mesilavc + mesilavd) if
                                                                                                                                           attivp =0] *4.33,
                                                                                                                                           where mesilavdip = number of months of the year worked / payroll employment
                                                                                                                                           [intermediate variable ceated by LIS on the basis of mesilav from ldip1995 ],
                                                                                                                                           partime = part-time activity / payroll employment [1: yes],
                                                                                                                                           mesilavb = number of months of the year worked /self-emlp. <20 empl.                                                               See comment for PHOURS.
                                                                                                                                           [intermediate variable ceated by LIS on the basis of mesilav from linb1995 ],                                                      Information on full-time versus part-time employment exists only for payroll
                                                                                                                                           mesilavc = number of months of the year worked /self-emlp. >20 empl. [intermediate                                                 employment activities.
                                                                                                                                           variable ceated by LIS on the basis of mesilav from linc1995 ],                                                                    For payroll employment activities, only weeks worked part-time in the main
                                                                                                                                           mesilavd = number of months of the year worked / family buisness [intermediate             Missing values and not                  activity are considered, whereas for the other 3 types of activities all the
                                                                                                    Original historical activity level     variable ceated by LIS on the basis of mesilav from lind1995 ],                            applicable (not engaged in              weeks worked in the secondary activity are considered (assuming that the
        Weeks worked part                                                                           employment data (ldip1995,             attivp = type of activity /self-emlp. <20 empl., self-emlp. >20 empl., family business     any part-time regular activity)         secondary activity is part-time).
PWEEKPT time                   YES                                                                  linb1995, linc1995 & lind1995)         [0: secondary].                                                                            = sysmis.                               Occasional activities are not considered.
PWEEKUP Weeks unemployed       NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Information not available in original survey.

                                                                                                                                           PDISABL = 1 if [sum(tpens*mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] for
                                                                                                                                           tipopen =2, 6 or 11,
                                                                                                                                           else PDISABL = 0,
                                                                                                                                           where where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
                                                                                                                                           pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
                                                                                                                                           mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,
                                                                                                                                           arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli arretrati di
                                                                                                                                           pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,
                                     0 no                                                           Derived from original historical       tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [2: INPS - disability (INPS - invalidità) ;
  PDISABL Disability status    YES   1 yes                                                          pension level data (pens1995 )         6: INPDAP - disability (INPDAP - invalidità) ; 11: State - disability (Stato - invalidità) ]. No missing values.                   A person is considered disabled if he/she receives any disability pension.
Income variables                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              All income variables are expressed in thousands of Italian Lire.
  PGWAGE Gross wage/salary     NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Only net income information is available.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              This records the employee income net of taxes and compulsory contributions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              from main and secondary activity, based on basic variable ylm (from file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ldip1995 for payroll employees), calculated as: average monthly net
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No missing values (all                  earnings (including overtime) times the number of months worked, plus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      imputed).                               additional monthly salary ("13th month" salary, "14th month" salary, etc.),
                                                                                                    Original historical individual level   PNWAGE = yl1 ,                                                                             Not applicable (no such                 plus any bonuses or special emoluments, plus any other compensation
 PNWAGE    Net wage/salary     YES                                                                  structured income data (rper1995 )     where yl1 = net wages and salaries (retribuzione netta) .                                  income received) = 0.             net   (produtivity bonuses, commissions, etc.).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No missing values (all
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      imputed).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not applicable (no such
                                                                                                    Derived from LIS individual level                                                                                                 income received or not
PHRWAGE Hourly wage rate       YES                                                                  data                                   PHOURS = PNWAGE/(PHOURS*52).                                                               derivable) = sysmis.              net
        Mandatory employer
 PMERC  contribution           NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Information not available in original survey.
           Personal self-
 PSELF     employment income       NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
 PYTAX     Income taxes            NO                                                                                                                                                                     Information not available in original survey.

 PWTAX     Property/wealth taxes   NO                                                                                                                                                                     Information not available in original survey.
           Mandatory employee
 PMEEC     contribution            NO                                                                                                                                                                     Information not available in original survey.
                                                                               PSOCRET = [sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if tipopen =1,
                                                                               3 or 99 & if [sum(tpens*mesip ) over pensions per individual]=ytp1 & if [sum(arret )
                                                                               over pensions per individual]=ytp2 ,
                                                                               else PSOCRET = ytp1 + ytp2 ,
                                                                               where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
                                                                               pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
                                                                               mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,
                                                                               arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli arretrati di                                      Including pension monthly benefit (multiplied by the number of months
                                         Partly aggrgegated over pensions      pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                                                                            received) and yearly arrears for old-age, long-service and survivor's pension
                                         [from original historical pension     tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [1: INPS: old-age or long-service                                            from INPS (main pension fund) and all pensions not exactly identified by the
                                         level data (pens1995 )] and partly    (vecchiaia o anzianità) , 3: INPS - survivor's (INPS reversibilità) , 99: other pensions   No missing values (all          respondent (but most of which coming from the INPS; some from other
                                         directly from original historical     (altro) ],                                                                                 imputed).                       funds for specific categories of workers and some private occupational).
                                         individual level structured income    ytp1 = pensions (pensioni [imputed variable]) ,                                            Not applicable (no such         When missing, the amount has been imputed for all types of pensions, and it
PSOCRET Social retirement          YES   data (rper1995)                       ytp2 = pension arrears (arretrati di pensione) [imputed variable].                         income received) = 0.     net   is then included here (3 cases).
         Person basic old-age
PSOCRET1 pension                   NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.

           Person supplementary
PSOCRET2   old-age benefit         NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
           Person early
PSOCRET3   retirement benefit      NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
           Person survivors
PSOCRET4   pension                 NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
           Person other social
PSOCRETR   retirement income       NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.



                                                                               PUNEMP = ytb1 + ytb2 + ytb3 ,                                                                                              In the historical database all types of unemployment benefits are lumped
                                                                               where ytb1 = wage supplementation payments (assegni della cassa integrazione),             No missing values (all          together with other economic support (e.g. assistance for disabled persons,
                                                                               ytb2 = other unemployment benefits (indennità di mobilità),                                imputed).                       maintenance, guaranteed minimum income, ec.) (variable assist ); for this
           Unemployment                  Original annual individual level      ytb3 = main unemployment benefits (indennità di disoccupazione - speciale,                 Not applicable (no such         reason, the annual more detailed file on transfers was used for
 PUNEMP    compensation            YES   transfer data (allb6 )                ordinaria, ecc.) .                                                                         income received) = 0.     net   unemployment benefits.

           Person unemployment
PUNEMP1    insurance               NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
           Person training or
PUNEMP2    retraining allowance    NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
           Person placement or
PUNEMP3    resettlement benefits   NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.




        Person other
        unemployment
PUNEMPR benefits                   NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.

                                                                                PPRVPEN = [sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if tipopen =13
                                                                                or 14,
                                                                                where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
                                                                                pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
                                                                                mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,
                                                                                arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli arretrati di     No missing values (all
                                         Aggregated over pensions [from         pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,                                                           imputed).                       Including pension monthly benefit (multiplied by the number of months
                                         original historical pension level data tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [13: private pensions / life annuities      Not applicable (no such         received) and yearly arrears for private pensions and life annuities from
PPRVPEN  Private pensions          YES   (pens1995 )]                           (pensioni private e vitalizi) , 14: pensions from foreign entities (pensioni estere) ]    income received) = 0.     net   Italian private bodies (i.e. insurances) and all types of pensions from abroad.
         Person occupational
PPRVPEN1 pensions                  NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
         Person opting-out
PPRVPEN2 pensions                  NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
         Person other private
PPRVPENR pension income            NO                                                                                                                                                                     Variable introduced in Wave V.
                                                                                PPUBPEN = [sum(tpens *mesip + arret ) over pensions per individual] if tipopen =5,
                                                                                7, 8 or 9,
                                                                                where tpens = pension benefits net of tax per month (importo mensile della
                                                                                pensione al netto delle imposte) ,
                                                                                mesip = monthly payments received (numero di mensilità percepite) ,
                                                                                arret = amount of pension arrears received during the year (valore degli arretrati di
                                                                                pensione percepiti nell'anno) ,
                                                                                tipopens = type of pension (tipo di pensione) [5: INPDAP - old-age or long-service        No missing values (all
                                         Aggregated over pensions [from         (INPDAP - vecchiaia o anzianità) ; 7: INPDAP - survivor's (INPDAP - reversibilià) ; 8:    imputed).                       Including old-age, long-service and survivor's pensions from INPDAP
           Public sector                 original historical pension level data State - old-age or long-service (Stato - vecchiaia o anzianità) ; 9: State - survivor's   Not applicable (no such         (former social security entities run by the Treasury for public employees) and
PPUBPEN    pensions                YES   (pens1995 )]                           (Stato - reversibilià) ].                                                                 income received) = 0.     net   the State (most likely for public employees as well).
   Variable                          Present
    Name         Variable label       in file                           Value labels                      Source
CHILD LEVEL VARIABLES
File information
 COUNTRY Unique Country Id            YES       81 Italy 1995                          LIS code


CASENUM Unique Unit Number            YES                                              LIS code
                                                6 youngest child
                                                7 2nd youngest child
                                                8 3rd youngest child
                                                61 4th youngest child
  PPNUM    Person Number              YES       62 5th youngest child                  LIS code
 CWEIGHT Child weight                 YES                                              LIS household level data
Demographic variables
                                                                                       Original historical individual level
   CAGE      Age of child             YES                                              demographic data (comp1995)
                                                1 male                                 Original historical individual level
   CSEX      Sex of child             YES       2 female                               demographic data (comp1995)

                                                3 child of head                        Original historical individual level
   CREL      Relationship of child    YES       4 other                                demographic data (comp1995)
                                                                                                  Net / gross
                                                                           Missing values / not    (income
                       Variable construction                                   applicable         variables)


COUNTRY = 81.                                                          No missing values.

See variables definition.
(original variable: nquest = household id - numero di questionario).   No missing values.




See variables definition.                                              No missing values.
CWEIGHT = HWEIGHT.                                                     No missing values.

CAGE = età ,
where età = age in years (età - anni) .                             No missing values.
CSEX = sesso ,
where sesso = sex (sesso) .                                         No missing values.
CREL = par ,
where par = household position (grado di parentela dei membri della
famiglia) .                                                         No missing values.
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Description: Net Income Teacher Pay Statistics document sample