Southwest_Airlines by zzzmarcus

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Southwest Airlines

Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines



Callsign SOUTHWEST 1971 • Las Vegas McCarran International Airport • Chicago Midway International Airport • Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport • Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport • Houston William P. Hobby Airport • Dallas Love Field • Oakland International Airport • Los Angeles International Airport • Orlando International Airport • Tampa International Airport • Denver International Airport[1][2][3][4][5][6] • San Diego International Airport • Nashville International Airport Rapid Rewards

Founded Focus cities

focus city at Las Vegas’ McCarran International Airport. Southwest is the largest airline in the United States by number of passengers carried domestically per year (as of December 31, 2007).[7] Southwest, the 6th largest U.S. airline by revenue,[8] maintains the second-largest passenger fleet of aircraft among all of the world’s commercial airlines. As of May 03, 2009, Southwest operates approximately 3,500 flights daily. Southwest is headquartered at 2702 Love Field Drive in the Love Field area of Dallas, Texas, adjacent to Love Field airport.[9] Southwest Airlines has carried more customers than any other U.S. airline since August 2006 for combined domestic and international passengers according to the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics.[10] Southwest Airlines is one of the world’s most profitable airlines, posting a profit for the 36th consecutive year in January 2009.[11] Southwest has built a successful business on an unusual model: flying multiple short, quick trips into the secondary (more efficient and less costly) airports of major cities, using only one aircraft type, the Boeing 737.

Southwest Airlines was originally incorporated to serve three cities in Texas as Air Southwest on March 15, 1967, by Rollin King and Herb Kelleher. According to frequently-cited story, King described the concept to Kelleher over dinner by drawing on a paper napkin a triangle symbolizing the routes.(Dallas, Houston, San Antonio)[12] Some of the incumbent airlines of the time (Braniff, Trans-Texas, and Continental Airlines) initiated legal action, and thus began a three-year legal battle to keep Air Southwest on the ground. Air Southwest eventually prevailed in the Texas Supreme Court, which ultimately upheld Air Southwest’s right to fly in Texas.[13] The decision became final on December 7, 1970, when the U.S. Supreme Court declined to review the case without comment.[14] That date is considered by

Frequent flyer program Fleet size Destinations Company slogan Headquarters Key people

542 65 You are now Free to move about the Country Dallas, Texas, United States Gary C. Kelly (Chairman, CEO and President) Herb Kelleher (Co-Founder) Laura Wright (CFO) Colleen Barrett (Ex-President)


Southwest Airlines Co. (NYSE: LUV) is an American low-cost airline with its largest


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many to be the de facto beginning of deregulation in the airline industry. The story of Southwest’s legal fight was turned into a children’s book, Gumwrappers and Goggles by Winifred Barnum in 1983. In the story, TJ Love, a small jet, is taken to court by two larger jets to keep him from their hangar, and then to try and stop him from flying at all. Taken to court, TJ Love’s right to fly is upheld after an impassioned plea from The Lawyer. While no company names are mentioned in the book, TJ Love’s colors are those of Southwest Airlines, and the two other jets are colored in Braniff and Continental’s colors. The Lawyer is designed to resemble Herb Kelleher. The book was adapted into a stage musical, Show Your Spirit, sponsored by Southwest Airlines, and played only in towns serviced by the airline.[15] Southwest Airlines founder Herb Kelleher studied California-based Pacific Southwest Airlines extensively and used many of the airline’s ideas to form the corporate culture at Southwest, and even on early flights used the same "Long Legs And Short Nights" theme for stewardesses on board typical Southwest Airlines flights. The original flight attendants that worked for Southwest Airlines were chosen by a committee of individuals that included the same person who had selected hostess for Hugh Hefner’s playboy jet. The selection resulted in a group of female flight attendants that were described as longlegged dancers, majorettes, and cheerleaders with "unique personalities". Southwest Airlines and Herb Kelleher proceeded to dress these individuals in hot pants and go-go boots. [16] The airline adopted the first profit-sharing plan in the U.S. airline industry in 1971. Through this plan and others, employees own about 10 percent of the company stock. The airline is about 87 percent unionized. The pilots are represented by the Southwest Airlines Pilots’ Association, a union separate from the much larger Air Line Pilots Association.

Southwest Airlines
that became the basis for Southwest’s popularity and rapid growth in the coming years. The start of service in June 1971 was accomplished with three 737-200 aircraft; a fourth was added in September of the same year. Over time, Southwest has added improved 737 variants but has stayed within the Boeing 737 family to hold down operating costs. Because this technique simplified training, maintenance, and ground operations, it revolutionized the industry’s approach to building aircraft fleets. In January 2005, Southwest retired its last 737-200, the oldest type in its fleet. To celebrate "putting the -200s to bed", selected employees donned Southwest pajamas for an early morning flight to celebrate the final landing at Dallas Love.

Early losses and financial troubles
The rest of 1971 and 1972 saw operating losses. One of the four aircraft was sold to Frontier Airlines and the proceeds used to make payroll and cover other expenses. Southwest continued to operate a schedule predicated on four aircraft but using only three, and in so doing the "ten minute turn" was born, and was the standard ground time for many years.[18] Southwest turned its first annual profit in 1973, and has done so every year since — a record unmatched by any other commercial airline.[19] Southwest has used financial techniques such as fuel hedging to bolster its profitability and counteract many of the fiscal disadvantages of operating an airline. By 1979, Southwest flew to all of the cities they currently serve in Texas, including El Paso, Amarillo, Beaumont, Lubbock, and Midland/Odessa. Interstate service began to New Orleans in 1979, and Albuquerque in 1980. Oklahoma City and Tulsa were added shortly thereafter. In 1981 Southwest co-launched the 737-300 with USAir. In 1982, the first expansion beyond the Texas area took Southwest to the West Coast, adding Phoenix, Las Vegas and San Diego. In late 1984, the 737-300 was placed into service. Chicago Midway and St. Louis service began in March 1985, spreading low-fare service into Midwest markets. Southwest hired its first African-American pilot, Louis Freeman, in 1980. In 1992, he

First flights
In early 1971, Air Southwest changed its name to Southwest Airlines, and the first flight was on June 18, 1971. Its first flights were from Love Field in Dallas to Houston and San Antonio,[17] short hops with no-frills service and a simple fare structure, features


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was named the first African-American chief pilot of any major U.S. airline.[20]

Southwest Airlines
profitability during the oil shocks related to the Iraq War and later Hurricane Katrina. According to an annual report, here is the company’s fuel hedge for forward years ("approximate" per barrel basis, as of mid-January): 2007 is 95% hedged at $50/barrel; 2008 is 65% hedged at $49/barrel; 2009 is over 50% hedged at $51/barrel; 2010 is over 25% hedged at $63/barrel; 2011 is over 15% hedged at $64/barrel; 2012 is 15% hedged at $63/barrel. According to its 2006 Annual Report, Southwest paid low prices for fuel thanks to the benefit of fuel hedges: • 2004 - 82.8 cents/gallon • 2005 - 103.3 cents/gallon • 2006 - 153.0 cents/gallon These are well below market rates, which Southwest factors into its low operating costs. However, this below-market oil cost will not continue forever; executives have said that Southwest faces increased exposure to the raw oil market every year. This is not a good sign for the airline, which is also facing tough competition from US legacy carriers that have lowered costs through bankruptcy. Southwest CEO Gary Kelly has decided to slow the airline’s growth as a response to this cost. Some analysts have argued against the style of profit-motivated energy trading Southwest did between 1999 and the early 2000s. They suggested that rather than hedging business risk (such as a hedge on weather to a farmer), Southwest was simply speculating on energy prices, without a formal rationale for doing so.[22] At present, Southwest has enjoyed much positive press (and a strong financial boost) from its energy trading skills.[23][24][25] However, while most analysts agree that volatility hedges can be beneficial,[26] speculative hedges are not widely supported as a continuing strategy for profits.[27] In the third quarter of 2008, Southwest recorded its first loss in 17 years due to its fuelhedging contracts being of lesser-value because of the drop in oil prices.[28]

A Southwest 737-300 at Portland International Airport

Fuel cost containment measures
Southwest Airlines earned a reputation for being very aggressive and proactive about containing fuel costs as a key to maintaining profit margins. [21]

Hedging fuel
Southwest has a longtime program to hedge fuel prices. It has purchased fuel options years in advance to smooth out fluctuations in fuel costs. In 2000, Southwest said it had "adjusted its hedging strategy" to "utilize financial derivative instruments... when it appears the Company can take advantage of market conditions." Additionally, the company hoped to "take advantage of historically low jet fuel prices." SEC statement Southwest’s decision proved to be a prescient and, for a time, an extremely profitable effort. To lock in the low historical prices Southwest believed were occurring at that time, Southwest used a mixture of swaps and call options to secure fuel in future years while paying prices they believed were low. The company also stated that with this new strategy, it faced substantial risks if the oil prices continued to go down. They did not. Previously, Southwest had been more interested in reducing volatility of oil prices. Now, they hoped to reap large gains from oil price appreciation. In 2001, Southwest again substantially increased its hedging in response to projections of increased crude oil prices. The use of these hedges helped Southwest maintain its

Blended winglets
All of Southwest’s 737-700s have blended winglets. Additionally, Southwest began installing blended winglets on up to 90 of its 737-300 aircraft beginning in mid-January 2007, with AAR of Indianapolis, Indiana, accomplishing the work. The first modified


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aircraft, N368SW, resumed service on February 22, 2007.

Southwest Airlines
On March 12, 2008, Southwest Airlines voluntarily grounded 44 planes to check if they needed further inspection. Federal Aviation Administration claims that Southwest Airlines flew almost 60,000 flights without fuselage inspection. Southwest Airlines could be facing a $10.2 million fine if they violated FAA regulations. There have also been rumors that the FAA knew about Southwest Airlines violations but decided not to fine the airline because it would disrupt the service of Southwest.[37] On March 2, 2009, Southwest settled these claims, agreeing to pay the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) fines of $7.5 million for these safety and maintenance issues. The original fine of $10.2 million - a sum which would have been the largest fine in the agency’s history - was negotiated down after a year of negotiations. The FAA gave Southwest two years in which to pay the fine. [38]

Jet engine pressure-washing
In 2008, Southwest contracted with Pratt and Whitney to supply the proprietary Ecopower water pressure-washing system, which allows Southwest to clean grime and contaminants off engine turbine blades while the aircraft is parked at the gate. Frequent use of the Ecopower system is estimated to improve fuel efficiency for Southwest and other customers by about 1.9%.[29][30]

Internet presence
On March 16, 1995, Southwest became one of the first airlines to have a web site. Originally called the "Southwest Airlines Home Gate", customers could view schedules, a route map, and company information at[31] The company later obtained the rights to its current home on the web,, from an unaffiliated business. Southwest consistently rejects syndicating its fares to fare search sites such as or[32] is the number one airline web site for online revenue, according to PhoCusWright. Nielsen/Netratings also reports that is the largest airline site in terms of unique visitors.[33] In 2006, 70 percent of flight bookings and 73 percent of revenue was generated from bookings on As of June 2007, 69 percent of Southwest passengers checked in for their flights online or at a kiosk.[33]

Southwest has fought against the development of a high-speed rail system in Texas.

Southwest Airlines is headed by Gary C. Kelly. Kelly has served as the airline’s CEO since 2004, replacing James F. Parker, who had been the CEO for the last 3 years. Gary C. Kelly was named chairman on May 21, 2008, replacing previous Southwest Airlines CEO and co-founder Herb Kelleher. Kelly also became president of Southwest Airlines earlier this year, replacing Colleen Barrett when her contract expired on July 15, 2008.

Violations of safety requirements
On March 6, 2008, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspectors submitted documents to the United States Congress, alleging that Southwest allowed 117 of its aircraft to fly carrying passengers despite the fact that the planes were "not airworthy" according to air safety investigators.[34] In some cases the planes were allowed to fly for up to 30 months after the inspection deadlines had passed, rendering them unfit to fly. Records indicate that thousands of passengers were flown on aircraft deemed unsafe by federal standards. Southwest declined comment at the time, and US Representative James Oberstar advised a hearing would be held. [35][36]

Rapid Turnaround
Southwest Airlines also pioneers a turn around service on the ground keeping its aircraft on the ground for a short twenty minutes to maximize profits.

Southwest made an announcement that they will soon start testing Wi-Fi connections on four planes in the summer of 2009. They say it will be the "fastest connection in the skies"[41]. This new Wi-Fi will allow passengers to send text messages, emails, as well as keeping passengers entertained in-flight. The connection will not allow passengers to place


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calls. It is unknown if Southwest will charge a fee for Wi-Fi or if there will be outlets to charge passengers’ laptops or phones. So far only four 737-700s are being used to test the Wi-Fi system. (N901WN, N902WN, N906WN and N907WN)

Southwest Airlines
56 seat loophole, even with its market strength at Love Field and the availability of more modern regional jets such as the CRJ-700/900 and the Embraer ERJ 145 family. Southwest’s efforts to repeal or even alter the Wright Amendment were met with opposition from American Airlines and Dallas Ft. Worth International Airport. Both American Airlines and DFW contended that repeal of the Wright Amendment restrictions would cripple DFW,[43] while Southwest contended that repeal of the Wright Amendment would be beneficial to both Love Field and DFW.[19] Continental Airlines has a successful hub and spoke operation at Houston Bush Intercontinental Airport despite unrestricted competition from Southwest at Houston Hobby Airport. In 1997, Southwest’s effort began to pay off with the Shelby Amendment, which added the states of Alabama, Mississippi, and Kansas to the list of permissible destination states. Southwest began offering non-stop service between Dallas Love Field and Birmingham, Alabama, which it could not do prior to the enactment of the Shelby Amendment. In late 2004, Southwest began actively seeking the full repeal of the Wright Amendment restrictions. In late 2005, Missouri was added to the list of permissible destination states via a transportation appropriations bill. New service from Love Field to St. Louis and Kansas City quickly started in December 2005. At a June 15, 2006 joint press conference held by the city of Dallas, the city of Ft. Worth, Dallas-Ft. Worth Airport, American Airlines, and Southwest Airlines, the said parties announced a tentative agreement on how the Wright Amendment was to be phased out. Both the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives passed Wright-related legislation on September 29, 2006, and it was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 13, 2006. The new law became effective on October 16, 2006, when the FAA Administrator notified Congress that any new aviation operations occurring as a result of the new law could be accommodated without adverse effect to the airspace. Southwest started selling tickets under the new law on October 19, 2006. Highlights of the agreement are the immediate elimination of through-ticketing prohibitions, and unrestricted flights to domestic destinations

Wright Amendment

A Southwest 737-700 preparing to land at Lindbergh Field in San Diego. Complete elimination of the Wright Amendment would allow non-stop service from Dallas Love Field to airports as far west as California After the opening of Dallas-Fort Worth Regional Airport, which was the original name of Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport in 1974, Southwest was the only airline to remain at Love Field. When airline deregulation came in 1978, Southwest began planning to offer interstate service from Love Field. This caused a number of interest groups affiliated with DallasFt. Worth Airport, including the city of Fort Worth, to push the Wright Amendment through Congress to restrict such flights.[42] Under the restrictions of the amendment, Southwest, and all other airlines, were barred from operating, or even ticketing passengers on flights from Love Field to destinations beyond the states immediately surrounding Texas. In effect, to travel through Love Field, a passenger and luggage would have to deplane and fly on a separate ticket, on a separate aircraft. The Wright Amendment’s restrictions did not apply to aircraft configured with 56 or fewer seats. In 2000, Legend Airlines attempted to operate long distance business-class flights using older DC-9s with 56 seats, but did not have the resources to survive American’s legal and marketing attacks, and quickly ceased operations. Southwest did not use the


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Southwest Airlines

Southwest’s tribute to Arizona undergoes maintenance at Portland International Airport eight years after the legislation takes effect. Because of the agreement, nationwide service became possible for Southwest; the law also defined the maximum number of gates at Love Field. Southwest controls all of the Love Field gates except for the two each that American and Continental control. The future of the Legend Airlines terminal for use by commercial airlines is in doubt because of the limit on number of gates. Southwest remains the dominant passenger airline at Love Field, maintains its headquarters, hangars, training centers, and flight simulators adjacent thereto, and reflects its ties to Love Field in its ticker symbol (LUV).

Ramp operations at William P. Hobby Airport, with a Boeing 737-300 parked at a gate to all but eight of Southwest’s locations.[48] Other airports with large Southwest operations include Chicago Midway International Airport, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, Baltimore-Washington International Airport, Orlando International Airport, Tampa International Airport and Houston’s William P. Hobby Airport, with all of these airports operating non-stop flights to more than half of the Southwest system. An average of 80 percent of Southwest passengers are local passengers, meaning only 20 percent of all passengers are connecting passengers. This is significantly higher than most airlines, where passengers often connect in hub cities.[49] As part of its effort to control costs, Southwest tries to use secondary airports which generally have lower costs and may, or may not be, more convenient to travelers than the major airports to the same destinations. For example, Southwest flies to Midway Airport in Chicago, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and West Palm Beach in South Florida, Love Field in Dallas, MacArthur Airport on Long Island, Hobby Airport in Houston, Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire and T. F. Green Airport in Providence, Rhode Island, instead of O’Hare International Airport, Miami International Airport, DFW International Airport, JFK Airport in New York City, Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston. In 2009, Southwest will expand its service to both Logan and LaGuardia. Southwest makes exceptions to the philosophy of serving secondary airports by flying into some larger airports in major cities, such as Las Vegas International Airport, Phoenix

Southwest Airlines currently flies to 65 destinations throughout the United States. The airline will add destinations 66, 67 and 68 in 2009, when it begins service from New York at LaGuardia Airport [44], Boston at Logan International Airport[45], and Milwaukee at General Mitchell International Airport[46]. As of March 2009, Southwest Airlines operates scheduled services to the following destinations:

Current service
Southwest does not use the more traditional "hub and spoke" flight routing system of most other major airlines, preferring instead the "Point to Point" system. Currently, Southwest serves 64 cities in 32 states, with more than 3,300 flights a day. It has notably large operations in certain airports. Las Vegas’s McCarran International Airport has non-stop service


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Southwest Airlines
Francisco Bay Area; the other two being Oakland International Airport and San Jose International Airport. Southwest withdrew from Houston Intercontinental in favor of using smaller airports with fewer operations nearby. Besides Houston (Intercontinental) and Denver (Stapleton International), the airline has withdrawn completely from airports in Beaumont, Texas and Detroit, Michigan (Detroit City Airport). The airline also once served Stapleton International Airport in Denver but withdrew in 1986 because of excessive ATC delays during poor weather exacerbated by minimal separation between the runways. Southwest returned to Denver in 2006 with service to the new Denver International Airport. Southwest is expanding its Denver service faster than it has at any previous Southwest city[50] at the cost of service to Orlando, Kansas City and Baltimore.[51] On March 8, 2009, Southwest Airlines began operations at Minneapolis/St. Paul (MSP) with 8 daily flights from the Hubert H. Humphrey Terminal to Chicago Midway International Airport. Recently, Southwest announced that they will be adding a MSP-Denver route on May 26, 2009. On April 7, 2009, Southwest Airlines announced they will operate five daily roundtrip, nonstop flights between LaGuardia and Chicago’s Midway Airport and three daily round-trip, non-stop flights between LaGuardia and Baltimore/Washington International Airport starting on Jun 28, 2009. On May 20, 2009, Southwest Airlines announced they will fly to multiple destinations from General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee starting on an unspecified date later in 2009.[52] Southwest is the largest intrastate airline in California, with 694 flights total in the state, 370 of which are intra-California.

A Southwest aircraft prepares for its next flight at Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, California Sky Harbor International Airport, Lambert St. Louis International Airport, Orlando International Airport, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Philadelphia International, Denver International Airport, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Kansas City International Airport, Seattle-Tacoma International and Pittsburgh International. In the Baltimore-Washington market, Southwest has limited flights into one major airport (Washington Dulles International Airport) while maintaining their east-coast focus city at the region’s other major airport, Baltimore-Washington International Airport. In the Los Angeles market Southwest flies to both the major city airport, Los Angeles International (LAX), and to three of the four secondary airports, Burbank-Bob Hope Airport, Santa Ana-John Wayne Airport, and LA/ Ontario International Airport (it does not serve Long Beach Airport). With the restoration of service out of San Francisco International Airport on August 26, 2007, Southwest now serves all three airports in the San

Markets lacking Southwest service
Due to congestion at certain airports and intense competition from entrenched airlines, some markets are not cost-effective for Southwest. Until recently, all New York Cityarea flights were serviced from Long Island MacArthur Airport instead of directly through the three main New York-area airports (LaGuardia Airport, Kennedy (JFK) International, or Newark Liberty International). Southwest recently announced that they will be entering LaGuardia with plans to


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overcome the delays and initially operate 8 flights a day. Severe overscheduling of flights at these airports creates rampant flight delays which would hamper Southwest’s business model of keeping its planes in service in the air as much as possible. Other large cities without Southwest service include Atlanta, Charlotte, Cincinnati, Memphis, and Miami. Southwest lost codeshare service to Washington-Reagan on November 28, 2007 when ATA Airlines discontinued service there. The beginning of service to and from Minneapolis/St. Paul, and the aforementioned, upcoming service to Milwaukee (will) partially close a large "gap": without service to these cities, the void persisted in the mid northern part of the US stretching from Wisconsin to Montana/Wyoming and also Alaska. According to the airline’s route map, 13 states are currently without Southwest service in their cities.[53] In 2005, Southwest proposed servicing Seattle using Boeing Field, which is smaller but closer to downtown than Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. However, King County officials refused to allow a terminal to be built or service to begin.[54] While other low cost carriers such as AirTran, Frontier, and JetBlue serve international destinations, Southwest does not serve any destinations outside the United States. However, Southwest has not ruled out the possibility of an international market in the future. Mexico, Central America, Canada, and the Caribbean are within the 3,365 nm range of their 737-700 aircraft, as are England and Ireland (a flight from BaltimoreWashington International Thurgood Marshall Airport to London’s Heathrow Airport is 3,158 nm), although, on westbound flights from the latter, the aircraft may have to stop for fuel. In July 2007, CEO Gary Kelly stated that because of shrinking profits, the airline will likely slow its rate of expansion.[55] Las Vegas ChicagoMidway Phoenix 238 227 194

Southwest Airlines
21 29 24 26 17 14 13 11 55 47 42 38 29 15 21 18 1982 1985 1982 1993 1972 1971 1989 1982

Baltimore/ 182 Washington HoustonHobby Dallas-Love Field Oakland Los Angeles (LAX) Denver (DEN) San Diego (SAN) 154 144 134 127

125 108

10 10

35 18

2006 1982

New service

Southwest announced that they will be participating in Disney’s Magical Express program in Orlando, Florida. The program allows passengers to check their bags from their home airport through to their rooms at a Walt Disney World resort. Effective May 26, 2009 • Daily nonstop service between Denver, Colorado (DEN) and Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota (MSP) Effective June 28, 2009 • Daily nonstop service between New YorkLaGuardia, NY (LGA) and Baltimore/ Washington, MD (BWI) • Daily nonstop service between New YorkLaGuardia, NY (LGA) and ChicagoMidway, IL (MDW) Effective August 16, 2009 • Daily nonstop service between Boston, MA (BOS) and Baltimore/Washington, MD (BWI) • Daily nonstop service between Boston, MA (BOS) and Chicago-Midway, IL (MDW) Top ten airports • Daily nonstop service between Phoenix, The following airports, as of December 2008, AZ (PHX) and Little Rock, AR (LIT) are the top ten most served by Southwest Expansion into LaGuardia (LGA) and BoAirlines:[33] ston’s Logan (BOS) Southwest Airlines top ten airports During November 2008, Southwest apCity Daily Number Nonstop plied to purchase 14 slots (for 7 roundtrips Service departures of gates cities established daily) previously used by ATA Airlines at served LaGuardia Airport.[56] The bid was approved


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about a month later, and further progress was made during late March, 2009. In early April, it was announced that the airline will (strategically) have a combined total of 16 daily arrivals and departures (5 and 3 each way with MDW and BWI respectively), despite the receipt of only 14 slots. [57] The airline is confident about future growth at LGA, including expanded service to other locations.[58] New York City is currently served by Southwest only at Long Island MacArthur Airport, some 50 miles (80 km) from Manhattan;[2] LGA is much closer to that borough, and considered as the most central of the three major New York City-metro airports. The airline’s most recent expansion announcement happened February 19: Boston’s Logan airport, in the Fall of 2009 [59]. On April 14, Southwest announced that service to Logan will begin August 16, 2009, with five daily roundtrips to both BWI and MDW [60]. Southwest says it is only going to complement their service to Manchester, NH and Providence, RI. The Boston Herald reports that they will have a two gate operation with an additional 2 gates as options at Logan [61]. Southwest is hoping to curve toward business travelers that stay in downtown Boston and bring lower ticket cost and fees to these travelers [62].

Southwest Airlines
from its current schedule and added 19 roundtrip flights for a net reduction of 13 roundtrip flights systemwide. The additions included reinstatements, from Nashville, TN (BNA) to both Oakland, CA (OAK) and Seattle, WA (SEA) for seasonal service.[63]

International service
Prior to ATA’s shutdown, Southwest Airlines had set a goal to codeshare with ATA and begin international codeshare services or ticket for international flights in 2009. Destinations served by ATA could have included Canada, the Caribbean, Mexico, and Europe. In 2010, Southwest plans to partner with other carriers for transatlantic and transpacific flights. On July 8, 2008, Southwest announced that it has agreed to a comprehensive codeshare agreement with Canada’s second largest carrier WestJet. The terms of the codeshare should be finalized by the end of 2009. Southwest has said that they have interest in flying to international destinations in the future, the Caribbean, Mexico, and England are all within their aircrafts’ range.[64][65][66] Southwest also has announced plans to codeshare with Mexico’s Volaris with flights starting in 2010. Plans have yet to be unveiled about which airline will be crossing the border. Southwest’s further plans for codeshares would require negotiation with its Pilot and Flight Attendant work groups due to contractual requirements.

Discontinued non-stop service between the following airports
Effective August 15, 2009 • Daily nonstop service between Jacksonville, FL (JAX) and Indianapolis, IN (IND) • Daily nonstop service between Cleveland, OH (CLE) and Orlando, FL (MCO) • Daily nonstop service between Las Vegas, NV (LAS) and Norfolk, VA (ORF) Notes: • On January 11, 2009, Southwest added 6 daily flights, and cut 196 overall. Such changes are mainly because of high fuel costs, the uncertainty of the economy, and the fact that the beginning months of the year traditionally are slower travel months than those preceding them. Also cutting flights adds more free planes, reducing problems due to harsh weather in the winter months. • On May 9, 2009, in a continuing effort to optimize the airline’s flight schedule, Southwest eliminated 32 existing roundtrip flights

Southwest Airlines Vacations
In 1989, Southwest Airlines and The Mark Travel Corporation entered into an exclusive agreement which gave customers an option to purchase complete vacation packages called Southwest Airlines Vacations. These vacation packages continue to include roundtrip air fare via Southwest Airlines, hotel accommodations, hotel taxes, ground transportation options, Rapid Rewards credit on the air portion and 24-hour traveler assistance. Area attraction passes, travel protection plans and ski lift tickets are also available.


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Southwest Airlines

The Southwest Effect and codeshare agreements

Morris Air
One airline influenced by Southwest was Morris Air, founded by June Morris and David Neeleman, based in Utah and operating in the northwestern U.S. Southwest Airlines purchased Morris Air and absorbed the capital and routes into its inventory and service. David Neeleman worked with Southwest for a short period. When his non-compete agreement expired, Neeleman founded JetBlue Airways, a competing airline that also incorporates many principles and practices pioneered by Southwest, including building a positive, warm employee culture and operating a simple fleet.[67]

A Southwest plane lands in Las Vegas, Nevada. Southwest and US Airways are the dominant carriers at McCarran International Airport. The success and profitability of Southwest’s business model led to a common trend being named after the company, the Southwest Effect. Since Southwest’s original mission in Texas was to make it less expensive than driving between two points (in the early 1970s, during the first major energy cost crisis in the U.S.), it developed a template for entering markets at rates that allowed the airline to be profitable, yet only on the basis of lean operations and high aircraft use. The key concept to the Southwest Effect is that when a low-fare carrier (or any aggressive and innovative company) enters a market, the market itself changes, and usually grows dramatically. For example, when fares drop by 50% from their historical averages, the number of new customers in that market may not just double, but actually quadruple, or more. Southwest has been a major inspiration to other low-cost airlines, and its business model has been repeated many times around the world. Europe’s EasyJet and Ryanair are two of the best known airlines to follow Southwest’s business strategy in that continent (though EasyJet operates two different aircraft models today). Other airlines with a business model based on Southwest’s system include Canada’s WestJet, Malaysia’s AirAsia (the first and biggest LCC in Asia), Qantas’s Jetstar (although Jetstar now operates three aircraft types), Thailand’s Nok Air and Mexico’s Volaris.

Muse Air
Southwest Airlines has mostly pursued a strategy of internal growth, rather than by acquisition of other airlines as commonly occurs. However, in addition to acquisition of Morris Air Transport (see above), Southwest did acquire competitor Muse Air in 1985, which operated McDonnell Douglas MD-80s. Muse Air was renamed TranStar Airlines. TranStar Airlines was then closed in August 1987

In 1997, Southwest and Icelandair entered into interline and marketing agreements allowing for joint fares, coordinated schedules, and transfer of passenger luggage between the two airlines at Baltimore. Icelandair operated flights between Baltimore and Keflavik Airport in Iceland. Connecting service between several U.S. cities and several European cities appeared in the Southwest timetable[68] The frequent flyer programs were not included in the agreement. This arrangement lasted for several years but is no longer in existence.

ATA Airlines
ATA Airlines, one of Southwest Airlines’ main competitors in the Chicago market, historically operated out of Midway Airport alongside Southwest. ATA declared bankruptcy, and in 2004, Southwest injected capital into ATA that (among other things) would have resulted in Southwest’s 27.5% ownership stake in ATA upon their exit from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings.


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In a departure from its traditional "go it alone" strategy, Southwest entered into its first domestic codesharing arrangement with ATA, which enabled Southwest Airlines to serve ATA markets in Hawaii, Washington, D.C., and New York City. In late 2005, ATA secured $100 million in additional financing from the firm of MatlinPatterson, and Southwest’s original deal with ATA was modified such that Southwest no longer retained the 27.5% stake (or any other financial interest) in ATA. The codeshare arrangement expanded to include all of ATA’s 17 destinations and all of Southwest’s 63 destinations. In 2006, Southwest’s pilot union approved a codeshare sideletter to their contract with limitations on the growth of this and other codeshare agreements. While these restrictions today are minor, outsourcing remains a growing concern in the union’s current contract negotiations. During 2006, Southwest Airlines began marketing ATA only flights. ATA’s dependence on the Southwest network continued to grow in 2006, and at the time of ATA’s demise in April 2008, the airline offered over 70 flights a week to Hawaii from Southwest’s focus cities in PHX, LAS, LAX, and OAK. Additional connecting service was available to many other cities across the United States. Plans had been announced for ATA to offer exclusive international service for Southwest by 2010, but were scratched when ATA abruptly ended operations on April 3, 2008. There was no plan to open the ATA/Southwest codeshare to ATA’s sister carriers, North American Airlines or World Airways, even though they are co-owned by the same corporate entity created from ATA Holdings. The ATA/Southwest codeshare was terminated when ATA filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on April 3, 2008. As of 4:00 A.M. EDT on April 3, ATA discontinued all operations. [69] Towards the end of November 2008, Southwest announced it was buying the operating certificate and the remaining assets of ATA Airlines thus enabling Southwest Airlines access to New York LaGuardia slots formerly controlled by ATA. According to Southwest Airlines " doesn’t include any aircraft, facilities or employees of ATA."[70]

Southwest Airlines
agreement with WestJet Airlines of Canada. The agreement would eventually include the ability of customers to purchase tickets on each others websites, as well as the synching of flights between Canada and the US. The partnership will be finalized by late 2009.[71]

Southwest announced its second international codeshare agreement on November 10, 2008, with Mexican low cost carrier Volaris. The agreement will allow Southwest to sell tickets on Volaris flights beginning in 2010, including international flights from the United States that the carrier expects to begin in early summer, 2009.[72] As of late April, the first two U.S. airports that Volaris will fly out of are both in California: Oakland (OAK) and Los Angeles (LAX). The former will be the first in the U.S. that the airline will provide nonstop service to/from focus city Guadalajara, while both will have service to/ from the airline’s hub in Toluca/Mexico City.[73]

Corporate culture
Southwest experience
Tickets cannot be purchased through common online venues like Orbitz or Travelocity; a minority are booked through travel agents. Most of Southwest’s tickets are issued directly by the airline over the phone or online at the company’s website which features Web-only fare discounts. Unlike other major airlines, Southwest allows passengers to change reservations without additional cost. While this provides flexibility to customers, Southwest does not allow same-day standby travel on a different flight (usually a free service at other airlines) without upgrading. Customers are not assigned seats; rather, they are assigned to one of three "boarding groups" depending on their check-in time (earlier check-ins get to board earlier), and are left to choose their own seats on the plane, which helps the airline to board passengers faster. At the May 2006 shareholders meeting, Southwest management announced a study of potentially adopting an assignedseating system in 2008, as part of a reservations-technology overhaul now under way. As of November 8, 2007 Southwest has

WestJet Airlines
On July 8, 2008, Southwest Airlines officially announced the intent to begin a codeshare


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Southwest Airlines
2007. As a result of litigation or threats thereof, the last early check-in services indefinitely ceased operations on September 15, 2008.

Concourses A and B were, in 2005, constructed and renovated (respectively) at BWI giving Southwest 26 gates there[74] Southwest historically allowed three pieces of luggage to be checked in free as opposed to the limit of two on the domestic flights of some other U.S. airlines. Starting January 29, 2008, passengers will be able to check up to two bags for free. A third bag will be checked for a $25 . You may also check a 4th through 9th bag for a charge of $50 a piece and any other pieces after that are $110 a piece. Prior to the 2000s, Southwest served smaller meals than the meals served by full service airlines, with shorter flights receiving single small snacks and soft drinks, and longer flights (with a duration of about 3 hours or more) meriting "Snack Pack"s of prepackaged goods. In the 2000s these meals in a bag typically exceed the food served on full-service airlines like United Airlines or American Airlines. Southwest also offers free in-flight beverages (excluding alcohol). There is no in-flight entertainment. Southwest is known for colorful boarding announcements and crews that burst out in song. The singing is unusual, and is quite popular among customers, but has been noted by some travel critics as being offensive and intrusive.[75] Southwest maintained excellent customer satisfaction ratings; in 2006, according to the Department of Transportation December year end operating statistics, Southwest ranked number one (lowest number of complaints) of all U.S. airlines for customer complaints, with 0.18 per 100,000 customers

Boarding area at a gate at Orlando International Airport implemented an update to their Boarding Procedure in which passengers are now assigned their Boarding letter (A, B or C) along with a number which provides them a specific place in line (Example: A32). The idea behind this is to allow customers to not have to wait in line and spend their time relaxing or catching up on work. They have also introduced Business Select fares, which adds a guaranteed "A" group boarding pass, extra Rapid Rewards credit, and a drink. As a result of the boarding policy, several independent companies offered automatic check-in services for Southwest. These companies took customers’ orders for check-in ahead of the 24 hour mark (when the airline makes a flight available for online check-in) and transmitted the necessary data for check-in to Southwest as soon as the airline opens up online check-in for a particular flight. The result of this service was that people using it generally get the first boarding group (known as the "A" boarding group). Southwest has not embraced this practice and in fact sued one company ( in federal district court in Dallas for impermissible commercial use of its website and succeeded in getting the company shut down in October


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enplaned. Southwest Airlines has consistently received the fewest ratio of complaints per passengers boarded of all major U.S. carriers that have been reporting statistics to the Department of Transportation (DOT) since September 1987, which is when the DOT began tracking Customer Satisfaction statistics and publishing its Air Travel Consumer Report.

Southwest Airlines
In early 2006, Southwest expanded its codeshare agreement with ATA Airlines and allowed redemption of award tickets on Hawaii flights at the rate of two awards per round trip flight. On April 3, 2008, ATA airlines ceased all flights due to bankruptcy, including the codeshare service to Hawaii.

The company has employed humor in its advertising. Slogans include "Just Plane Smart", "The Somebody Else Up There Who Loves You" and "THE Low Fare Airline". The airline’s current slogan is "A Symbol of Freedom". A select history of print and video ads are available on the company website.[76] Since the 1990s, Southwest has been running a television ad campaign based on the phrase "Wanna get away?" The commercials present comical, embarrassing situations in which people find themselves wanting to "get away". Most ads are accompanied by the sound clip "[ding] You are now free to move about the country"; self-parody of the inflight announcement that "you are now free to move about the cabin". The Southwest Airlines television commercial "Flight Attendant" was named in ’Adweek’s ‘Best Spots’ in August 2006.

Rapid Rewards
Southwest’s frequent flier program is called Rapid Rewards. Customers receive one credit for each one-way trip (even though the flight may have stopovers). A free ticket, expiring after 11 months, is automatically issued when a member accumulates 16 credits in a 24-month period. In addition, one half credit is earned for using a Southwest partner to book any car rental and/or hotel stay, regardless of whether a Southwest flight is involved. Rapid Reward members can also earn one credit for every $1,200 charged to a Rapid Rewards branded Visa credit card (with charges from Southwest or its partners counting double). If members register their credit card with Rapid Rewards Dining, they will receive 0.25 credits for every US$100 spent on restaurant partners. In early 2009, Southwest announced their first retail partner, TeleFlora Flower Club, from which members can earn 0.5 or 1.0 credits with each flower order (depending on the total cost of the order). The Rapid Rewards program has won numerous Freddie Awards over the years. In the past, Double Rapid Rewards credits were awarded for trips booked online, but this policy was modified at the end of 2003, at which time the bonus was reduced to one half credit for each segment booked online (so a round trip booked online would be eligible for three Rapid Rewards credits). The bonus for online booking was discontinued completely in April 2005. Prior to February 2006, reward travel was subject to blackout dates but not capacity controls: one could use a reward to travel on any flight for which seats were available, provided it was not on one of the five blackout dates. In February 2006, these policies were reversed: the blackout dates were eliminated, but capacity controls were instituted, limiting the quantity of seats available to those traveling on reward credits.

A Southwest plane at Chicago Midway International Airport

"Just Plane Smart"
Shortly after Southwest started using the "Just Plane Smart" motto, Stevens Aviation, who had been using "Plane Smart" for their motto, threatened a trademark lawsuit. Instead of a lawsuit, the CEOs for both companies staged an arm wrestling match. Held at the now demolished Dallas Sportatorium (the famed wrestling facility) and set for two out of three rounds, the loser of each


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round was to pay $5,000 to the charity of their choice, with the winner gaining the use of the trademarked phrase. A promotional video was created showing the CEOs "training" for the bout (with CEO Herb Kelleher being helped up during a sit up where a cigarette and glass of whiskey (Wild Turkey 101) was waiting) and distributed among the employees and as a video press release along with the video of the match itself. Herb Kelleher lost the match for Southwest, with Stevens Aviation winning the rights to the phrase. Kurt Herwald, CEO of Stevens Aviation, immediately granted the use of "Just Plane Smart" to Southwest Airlines. The net result was both companies having use of the trademark, $15,000 going to charity and a healthy dose of goodwill publicity for both companies.

Southwest Airlines
Operations agents are represented by the Transport Workers Union (TWU).

The American version of the reality show Airline showcased Southwest Airlines passengers and employees in daily mishaps and life at some of Southwest’s major airports (BWI, MDW, LAX, & HOU). The show premiered January 5, 2004 on the A&E Network, but was canceled after 70 episodes on December 15, 2005.

Current fleet

The President and CEO of Southwest is Gary C. Kelly, who replaced Colleen Barrett as president on July 15, 2008. Southwest’s CFO is Laura Wright. In July 2007, Herb Kelleher resigned his position as Chairman. Colleen Barrett left her post on the Board of Directors and Corporate Secretary in May 2008 and President in July 2008. Both are still active employees of Southwest Airlines. Concerns attributed to labor unrest and complaints by the Transport Workers Union of America (TWU) representing Southwest flight attendants were reportedly a factor in the resignation of Kelleher’s hand-picked replacement as CEO. Jim Parker resigned in July 2004 and was replaced by Chief Financial Officer Gary Kelly.[77]

An example of a Southwest Boeing 737-700 with the airline’s leather seating

The Southwest Airlines fleet consists of the following 539 aircraft as of August 15, 2008: Southwest Airl

Aircraft Total Orders Options Purchase Passen Rights (Econom

Organized labor
Although Southwest is considered a "low fare" airline, it is heavily unionized when compared to other airlines.[78] The Southwest Airline Pilots’ Association, a union not affiliated with the Air Line Pilots Association, International, represents the airline’s pilots.[79] The Aircraft Maintenance Technicians’ are represented by the Aircraft Mechanics Fraternal Association (AMFA).[80] Customer Service Agents and Reservation Agents are represented by the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers Union (IAM). Flight Dispatchers, Flight Attendants, Ramp agents and

Boeing 737-300 Boeing 737-500 Boeing 737-700

185 25 329

0 0 104

0 0 62

0 0 54

137 122 137

The airline operates more Boeing 737s in its fleet than any other airline in the world; Southwest is often cited as an example of an airline streamlining operations by having only one type of aircraft. However, Southwest operated leased 727-200 aircraft during the late-1970s and again in the mid-1980s and subsidiary TranStar Airlines operated DC-9s and MD-80s during the mid-1980s.


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Southwest has been a launch customer for all three of the Boeing 737 variants it currently operates, and was the first airline to put both the Model 500 and next-generation Model 700 into service. Southwest has a mix of old and new aircraft with both its "classic" and "next generation" 737 aircraft.[81] As of September 2008, Southwest has an average fleet age of 13.5 years,[82] and fly an average of about 7 flights per day. The average aircraft trip length is 633 miles (1,019 km) with an average duration of one hour and 48 minutes. This means the daily utilization of each plane is, on average, 12 hours and 36 minutes.[33] Southwest’s seats are the same width as any other operator of 737s in the United States. However seats are approximately one inch narrower than Airbus A320 series operated by low cost carriers such as Frontier Airlines, JetBlue, Virgin America, USA 3000, and several other competitors. Southwest’s seat pitch averages between 32 and 33 inches (840 mm), which compares to average of 31 to 32 inches (810 mm) for U.S. domestic airlines. However, low-fare carrier JetBlue Airways offers from 32 inches (810 mm) to 36 inches (910 mm).[83] Southwest’s 737-300 and 737-500 aircraft are not equipped with glass cockpit technology, as the 737-300s, 737-400s, and 737-500s of some other airlines are. Instead, the flight decks are fitted with analog gauges, more similar to those of the earlier 737-100 and 737-200 variants. Note the analog attitude indicator (ADI) and horizontal situation indicator (HSI) (the blue-colored instrument and one below it) in this Southwest 737-3H4 and note the electronic versions of the same instruments (EADI and EHSI) in this United Airlines 737-322. There are electronic displays throughout the cockpit of the 737-700 and other "Next Generation" 737 variants, and Southwest has programmed their 737-7H4 models to emulate the appearance of the 737-300 and 737-500 for standardization purposes. All three versions of the Boeing 737 that Southwest operates use (HUD) Heads Up Display in the flight deck. This technology consists of a glass panel which folds down on the Captain’s side, and displays primary flight information as a hologram. Since production of the 737-300 and 737-500 has ended, recent Southwest orders have been exclusively for the 737-700 model.

Southwest Airlines
Southwest began retiring some older 737-300 models, beginning in December 2007, reducing its -300 fleet from its original count of 194. However, newer -300 models are being retrofitted with new electronic flight decks. These retrofits will make them compatible in operation with the -700, and will support the airline’s move to embrace the Required Navigation Performance initiative; among other advances, these improvements will give the -300 a glass cockpit and allow navigation via the Global Positioning System. Southwest expects substantial cost savings from this initiative.[84] Southwest is the world’s largest operator of the 737. Their current active fleet is over 500 aircraft. In terms of total 737 production (all models in history), deliveries of new aircraft from Boeing to Southwest accounts for approximately 9% of total production. Southwest has one of the largest fleets in North America.

Retired fleet
Southwest Airlines Retired Fleet Aircraft Year Replacement Notes Retired Boeing 737-200 2005 Boeing 737-700 Southwest’s first aircraft type


Southwest Boeing 737-300 (N340SW) in the 1971-2000 livery Southwest’s original primary livery was beige and red, with orange on the tail end, and pinstripes of white separating each section of color. The word Southwest appeared in white on the beige portion of the tail. (Although, on the original three 737-200s, from June 1971,


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Southwest Airlines
November 16, 2007, Southwest had nearly completed updating the fleet.[33] Southwest’s livery designs exploit the aesthetic appeal of blended winglets as well. The first planes to be fitted with the winglets remain in the plain colored winglet (matching the stripes on the fuselage), but later aircraft to be fitted have winglets with "SOUTHWEST.COM" written on them. All aircraft will eventually be repainted to the ".com" winglets. Special livery aircraft with winglets, such as Shamu, have plain white winglets.[33] Some Southwest planes feature special themes, rather than the normal livery. These theme planes have been given special names, usually ending in "One". Some of the most well-known examples are: • Shamu: The three aircraft are painted to look like an Orca, with advertisements for SeaWorld. (N334SW), (N713SW), (N715SW) • The first aircraft to be painted in the "Shamu" scheme was N334SW (1988), a 737-300, and it was later followed by N507SW (Shamu II) and N501SW (Shamu III), both 737-500s. Subsequent to the retirement of Southwest’s 737-200s, the 737-500s began to stay within a smaller geographic area formerly operated by the 737-200s, and as such, Sea World was no longer getting the optimal national exposure from these two aircraft. Two 737-700 aircraft, N713SW and N715SW, were repainted as the new Shamu aircraft, and both N501SW and N507SW were eventually repainted in Canyon Blue colors. All three current Shamu aircraft are no longer referred to as Shamu I, II, or III. The artwork on the nose of each aircraft simply states "Shamu". The overhead bins on the -700 series aircraft display ads for Sea World, except towards the front and back of the airplane, where the bins get smaller and are no longer uniform. • Formerly wearing the "Shamu" livery, is the very first 737-500 ever built. (N501SW). • The Spirit of Kitty Hawk: (1984) Livery and title introduced the first three Boeing 737-300 aircraft to the Southwest Airlines fleet. (N300SW) is the oldest 737-300 in Southwest’s fleet, followed by sister ships (N301SW) and (N302SW).

Southwest Boeing 737-300 in the 2001-Present livery

The original blended winglets of Southwest Airlines meet the new, blue variant at Tucson International Airport. on the left side of the plane, the word Southwest was placed along the upper rear portion of the fuselage, with the word Airlines painted on the tail where Southwest is today N21SW. On the right side, the word Southwest was in the same place as today, but also had the word Airlines painted on the upper rear portion of the fuselage.N20SW. Southwest introduced the Canyon Blue Fleet in 2001, its first primary livery change in its 30-year history. Spirit One was the first plane painted in the color scheme. The new livery replaces the primary beige color with canyon blue and changes the Southwest text and pinstripes to gold. (The orange tail end is still used.) The pinstripe along the plane is drawn in a more curved pattern instead of the straight horizontal line separating the colors in the original. The original livery is gradually being phased out, but three aircraft will remain in the original livery to commemorate Southwest’s original three cities. As of


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• Lone Star One: (1990) The flag of the state of Texas applied across the aircraft. (N352SW) • Arizona One: (1994) The flag of the state of Arizona applied across the aircraft. (N383SW) • The June M. Morris: (1994) In honor of June Morris, Signature and Morris Air logo on the nose. Logo removed for Canyon Blue repaint. (N607SW, Original, Canyon Blue) • California One: (1995) The flag of the state of California applied across the aircraft. (N609SW) • Silver One: (1996) 25th Anniversary aircraft. Originally polished bare metal, it was later painted silver for easier maintenance. It was then re-painted with a silver metallic paint. This aircraft also featured silver seats, which were replaced to conform with the rest of the fleet for simplicity. Silver One also featured silver heart shaped drink stirrers.(N629SW, Original, Silver Paint, Canyon Blue) • Triple Crown One: (1997) Livery dedicated to the employees of Southwest, in recognition of Southwest receiving five Triple Crown airline industry awards (best on-time record, best baggage handling, and fewest customer complaints). The overhead bins in Triple Crown One one are inscribed with the names of all employees that worked for Southwest at the time, in honor of their part in winning the award.(N647SW) • Nolan Ryan Express: (1998) Commemorative sticker dedicated to famous Texas pitcher Nolan Ryan who is MLB’s all-time strikeout leader with 5,714 strikeouts. (N742SW) • Nevada One: (1999) The flag of the state of Nevada applied across the aircraft. (N727SW) • New Mexico One: (2000) The flag of the state of New Mexico applied across the aircraft. (N781WN) • Spirit One: (2001) 30th Anniversary aircraft. (First Aircraft in New Canyon Blue paint scheme) (N793SA) • The Spirit of Hope: (2004) Dedicated to the Ronald McDonald House. Overhead bins are covered in artwork from kids at a Ronald McDonald House in Washington State. (N443WN), (The overhead bins)

Southwest Airlines
• Maryland One: (2005) The flag of the state of Maryland applied across the aircraft. (N214WN) • Slam Dunk One: (2005) Basketball superimposed on side of aircraft and a different NBA team logo on each overhead bin in the cabin, recognizing Southwest’s partnership with the National Basketball Association. (N224WN) • Illinois One: (2008) The flag of the state of Illinois applied across the aircraft. (N918WN) • Southwest received both the (February 13, 2006) (N230WN) and the 2,000th "Next Generation" 737 produced (July 27, 2006) (N248WN). The 2,000th "Next Generation" 737 is marked as such in its livery, though the 5,000th 737 is not similarly marked on the outside. It does have a placard stating that it is the 5000th 737 on the upper part of the inside entry door frame. • Southwest received their on June 28, 2007. This aircraft is marked to honor this milestone. (N281WN) • Tinker Bell One: (2008) Pictures of Tinker Bell (N912WN) • Sports Illustrated: (2009) A large decal of Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition Cover Model Bar Refaeli adorns the fuselage of N922WN (N922WN) [85] • Although not in a special livery, Southwest operates the very first 737-700 ever built. (N707SA). All special planes prior to Spirit One originally wore the standard beige, red and orange livery colors on the vertical stabilizer and rudder. Subsequent special editions—Maryland One, Slam Dunk One, etc. so far—feature tails with the canyon blue color scheme, and all earlier specials, with the exception of Triple Crown One, have been repainted to match.

Environmental record
In April 2007, The Port of Portland presented Southwest Airlines with the Environmental Excellence Award in recognition of an exemplary effort in the category of Environmental Innovation.[86]

Incidents and accidents

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Southwest Airlines
took about eight minutes to extinguish the fire.[88]

Awards and recognitions
• The American Brand Excellence Awards recognize leading national brands that best serve the needs of small- and medium-sized businesses. For 2007, Southwest Airlines came out tops in the Travel segment, based on a City Business Journals Network nationwide survey of 1,000 business decision-makers who evaluated 251 brands. • Southwest Airlines’ Rapid Rewards program was honored in InsideFlyer magazine’s 2006 annual Freddie Awards for Best Program of the Year, Best Award Redemption, Best Award, Best Web Site, and Best Bonus Promotion Honors. • For 2007, the eighth year in a row, Business Ethics magazine lists Southwest Airlines in its "100 Best Corporate Citizens", a list that ranks public companies based on their corporate service to various stakeholder groups.[89] Southwest is one of only 11 repeat winners that have made the list all eight years. • In 2005 and again in 2008 The American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) recognized Southwest Airlines as leading the industry in customer satisfaction. The ACSI, conducted by the University of Michigan, independently tracks customer satisfaction levels by measuring the household consumption experience. [90] • Since 2000, HISPANIC magazine has listed Southwest Airlines as Corporate 100 for leadership in providing opportunities for Hispanics and for supporting recruitment, scholarships, and minority vendor programs. • The Express Delivery & Logistics Association honored Southwest Airlines as the "2006 Airline of the Year." • In 2005, American Small Business Travelers Alliance ranked Southwest Airlines as the "Best Airline Among Small Business Travelers." • Southwest president Colleen Barrett was chosen as 2007’s Tony Jannus Award winner,[91] becoming the first woman to be honored in the 44-year history of the respected aviation award.

Southwest Airlines Flight 1248 Southwest has had three major incidents of note and has never had a passenger fatality due to an accident. • On March 5, 2000, Southwest Airlines Flight 1455 overran the runway upon landing at Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport, now called Bob Hope Airport, Burbank, California, injuring 43. The incident resulted in the dismissal of the pilots. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair. This incident is the only hull loss incident in the 37+ year history of the airline. • On August 11, 2000, passenger Jonathan Burton broke through the cockpit door aboard Southwest Airlines Flight 1763 while en route from Las Vegas to Salt Lake City. In their own defense, the other passengers restrained Burton who later died of the resulting injuries.[87] "Unfriendly Skies", a CSI episode reflecting similar plot elements, aired on December 8, 2000. • On December 8, 2005, Southwest Airlines Flight 1248 skidded off a runway upon landing at Chicago Midway International Airport in heavy snow conditions. A sixyear old boy died in a car struck by the plane after the plane skidded into a street. Passengers on board the aircraft and on the ground reported several minor injuries. The aircraft involved, N471WN, became N286WN after repairs. • On May 12, 2009, one of the starboard rear tires of Southwest Flight 519 from New Orleans burst upon landing at Houston Hobby Airport. The metal hub of the wheel made contact with the tarmac, and the resulting sparks ignited the tire. It


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• Professional Women’s magazine included Southwest Airlines in their 2006 ranking of the "Most Admired Companies Among Women." • According to Institutional Investor magazine, Southwest Airlines ranked number one in the Consumer category among all airlines as the "Most Shareholder Friendly Company" based on the effectiveness of Southwest’s governance and investor relations as part of their overall efforts to maximize share holder value. • Southwest Airlines took top honors in the ninth Business Travel News Annual Airlines Survey. • In 2006, Southwest ranked in GIjobs.nets list of 50 military friendly employers. At number 37, Southwest was the only major commercial airline to make the list. • In its January 2006 issue, Institutional Investor ranked Southwest CEO Gary Kelly as one of America’s top CEO’s. He was ranked best CEO in the airline sector.

Southwest Airlines
[11] "Q4 loss, but full year in the black: Southwest". 2009-02-03. showarticle.asp?id=87650&nav=14. Retrieved on 2009-02-03. [12] Gayle Sato Stodder (1997). "Making people count: Southwest Airlines Company Profile". mi_m0DTI/is_n9_v25/ai_19892335. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. [13] Reversed and injunction denied, Texas Aeronautical Commission et al. v. Braniff Airways et al., 454 S.W. 2d 199 (Supreme Court of Texas, May 13, 1970) [14] Certiorari denied, 400 U.S. 943 (1970) [15] "Winifred Barnum". Retrieved on 2007-06-09. [16] Freiberg, Kevin, and Jackie Freiberg. NUTS!. Austin, Texas: Bard Press, 1996. [17] "We Weren’t Just Airborne Yesterday". Southwest Airlines. 2007-05-02. airborne.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-09. [18] Libby Sartain (1998). "Why and how Southwest Airlines uses consultants". Journal of Management Consulting. c19/SW%20Airlines.htm. Retrieved on 2007-06-09. [19] ^ Southwest Airlines. "The Case for Repeal". caseforrepeal.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-09. [20] "BWI Airport and Southwest Airlines Salute African American Aviation Pioneers - 1st African American Chief Pilot, 1st African American President of female flying organization highlight Feb. 24 program". Baltimore/Washington International Airport. 2005-02-05. press_releases/106/. Retrieved on 2006-06-09. [21] NY Times Advertisement [22] Carlos Blanco; J. Lehman and N. Shimoda (2005). "Airlines Hedging Strategies: The Shareholder Value Perspective". ma-article-8.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. [23] Southwest Airlines’ fuel hedging pushes profits -

[1] San Antonio Business Journal article on Southwest and Denverretrieved May 2008 [2] Norfolk Airport News retrieved 5/1/2008 [3] Connections on the Southwest Network retrieved from 5/1/2008 [4] About MNAA/Nashville International Airport official site retrieved 5/1/2008 [5] Local Flavors Land at Nashville International retrieved 5/1/2008 [6] Southwest ’03 Annual Report Top Ten ListOther references are presently dated/ See them first [7] International Air Transport Association. "Scheduled Passengers Carried". wats_passengers_carried.htm. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. [8] - Southwest Tweaks ’Cattle Call’ Boarding Process - Business And Money | Business News | Financial News [9] "Southwest Airlines Fact Sheet." Southwest Airlines. December 15, 2008. Retrieved on February 11, 2009. [10] Southwest has maintained this rating every month that statistics have been released..Southwest Airlines Industry Standings


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[24] Airlines That Hedged Against Fuel Costs Reap Benefits [25] Southwest Airlines gains advantage by hedging on long-term oil contracts International Herald Tribune [26] Carlos Blanco; J. Lehman and N. Shimoda (2005). "Airlines Hedging Strategies: The Shareholder Value Perspective". ma-article-8.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. [27] 24/7 Wall St.: Southwest Airlines: Losing Its Fuel Hedge Competitive Advantages [28] Southwest Airlines posts 1st loss in 17 years Associated Press [29] Southwest Ecopower Press Release June 11, 2008 [30] Lunsford, J. Lynn. “Airlines Dip Into Hot Water to Save Jet Fuel.” Wall Street Journal. 11 June 2008: B1. [31] Brian Lusk. "LUV and the Blogosphere". 21/luv-and-the-blogoshpere/. Retrieved on 2007-06-24. [32] Susan Breslow Sardone. "Southwest Airlines - Fly Smart on Southwest - Air Southwest". airlinessites/qt/Southwest_Air.htm. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. [33] ^ Southwest Airlines. "Southwest Airlines Fact Sheet". press/factsheet.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-30. [34] Drew Griffin and Scott Bronstein (2008). "Records: Southwest Airlines flew ’unsafe’ planes". 2008/US/03/06/southwest.planes/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-06. [35] Drew Griffin and Scott Bronstein (2008). "Records: Southwest Airlines flew ’unsafe’ planes". 2008/US/03/06/southwest.planes/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-06. [36] Ivanovich, David. "Inspector: Southwest’s FAA ties let planes fly with cracks". headline/biz/5672128.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-03. [37] CNN. "Southwest grounds planes, places three on leave". 2008/US/03/12/southwest.airlines/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-12.

Southwest Airlines

[38] Jerry Chandler (2009). "FAA Fines Southwest $7.5M for Safety Issues". 2009/03/faa-fines-southwest-75m-forsafety-issues.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-01. [39] Railway Age. "Texas TGV Corp. wins funding reprieve". mi_m1215/is_/ai_13261300. Retrieved on 2008-10-24. [40] Railway Age (Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation). Dec, 1992. [41] story/01-23-2008/0004741059&EDATE= [42] Southwest Airlines. "History of the Wright Amendment". historyofwright.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. [43] American Airlines. "New Comprehensive Study Shows Opening Dallas Love Field To Long-Haul Flying Would Have Serious Consequences". content/amrcorp/pressReleases/2005_10/ 07_wright_impact.jhtml. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. [44] news?pid=20601087&sid=a2V5D6lnxVog&refer=ho [45] logan_announce.html [46] 45482677.html [47] phoenix.zhtml?c=92562&p=irolnewsArticle&ID=1275941&highlight= [48] "Where We Fly". routemap_dyn.html. [49] Jeremy Sickler. "Chapter 7: Flight Arrival Flow: Southwest vs. Legacy Carriers". chapters/ch7.htm. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. [50] Southwest Airlines growing rapidly in Denver | Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Business News [51] Southwest Airlines cutting Orlando flights - Orlando Business Journal: [52] 45482677.html [53] Southwest Airlines Cities [54] Airline Industry Information (2005-10-12). "Southwest Airlines addresses rejected offer at Boeing Field


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Southwest Airlines

in King County". Cancellation of Key Military Charter p/articles/mi_m0CWU/is_2005_Oct_12/ Agreement: Financial News - Yahoo! ai_n15691518. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. Finance [55] "Southwest Airlines Mulls Slowing [70] "Southwest Airlines Seeks Rights to Expansion". 2007-06-10. Operate at LaGuardia Airport". 2009-02-03. 1181087199.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. phoenix.zhtml?c=92562&p=na048&ID=1228269&hi [56] Retrieved on 2009-02-03. southwest-and-laguardia-start[71] Want to Get Away - Eh? Southwest spreadin%E2%80%99-the%E2%80%A6possibility Airlines to Offer International Service via [57] Pact With Canadian Carrier WestJet, southwests-now-in-a-new-york-state-ofService Scheduled for Late 2009: mind Financial News - Yahoo! Finan... [58] [72] item.aspx?type=blog& swa-to-offer-online-link-to-volaris-service[59] on-southwestcom logan_announce.html [73] [60] 2009-04-25-volaris.html 2009/04/14/ [74] "BWI Timeline: BWI At A Glance". BWI southwest_will_start_logan_run_in_august/ Airport. ?p1=Well_MostPop_Emailed2 about_bwi/bwi_timeline/. Retrieved on [61] 2008-07-29. general/view/ [75] David Grossman (2005-10-17). "I don’t 2009_02_19_Southwest_to_begin_flights_to_Boston_in_fall/ hate Southwest anymore". USA Today. srvc=home&position=3 [62] columnist/grossman/ 2009/02/19/ 2005-10-14-grossman_x.htm. Retrieved southwest_to_serve_logan_by_fall/ on 2007-06-10. [63] [76] "Southwest Airlines Historical item.aspx?type=blog& Advertising Gallery." Southwest Airlines. [64] Retrieved on February 11, 2009. Southwest.Airlines.Canada.2.766199.html [77] Trebor Banstetter (2004-07-16). Southwest to offer flights to Canada "Southwest Airlines CEO quits". Knight [65] "Southwest Airlines working toward Ridder Newspapers. international flights via ATA" International Herald Tribune Article businesstechnology/ accessed November 12, 2007 2001980855_southwestair16.html. [66] Evolution at Southwest, Aviation Week Retrieved on 2007-06-10. and Space Technology, September 3, [78] Southwest gets new CEO | Desert News 2007, p. 46 (interview with Bob Jordan, (Salt Lake City) | Find Articles at Executive Vice President Strategy Procurement and Technology) [79] SWAPA [67] Peterson, Barbara (2004). Blue Streak: [80] AMFA Home Inside jetBlue, the Upstart that Rocked [81] Boeing Commercial Airplanes. "The an Industry. Portfolio Hardcover. ISBN Boeing Next-Generation 737 Family". 1-59184-058-9. [68] . Rob Kaiser (1997-02-21). "Southwest 737family/background.html. Retrieved may add cities to Iceland deal". on 2006-06-10. Baltimore Business Journal. [82] "Fleet Age of Southwest Airlines". baltimore/stories/1997/02/24/ Southwest%20Airlines.htm. Retrieved on story6.html?page=1. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. 2007-06-10. [83] General Information for JetBlue [69] ATA Airlines Files for Chapter 11 and [84] Boeing Press Release December 22, Discontinues Operations Following 2008


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[85] "Southwest Paints Swimsuit Model on Plane". 2009-02-12. southwest-paints-swimsuit-model-plane. Retrieved on 2009-02-12. [86] southwest fact sheet. Southwest Airlines’ Recognitions [1] [87] Salt Lake City police. "Police report". southwest1.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-22. [88] "SWA plane catches fire at Hobby." KTRK-TV. Wednesday May 13, 2009. Retrieved on May 19, 2009. [89] "100 Best Corporate Citizens 2007". Business Ethics Magazine. Retrieved on 2008-11-5. [90] "Airline Industry Scores". American Customer Satisfaction Index.

Southwest Airlines index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=147 Retrieved on 2008-05-15. [91] "Tony Jannus Award Past Recipients". Tony Jannus Award. legacy.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-05.

External links
• • • • • • • • Southwest Airlines official website (Official website archive) Spirit inflight magazine Current Southwest Airlines Flights Nuts About Southwest - Southwest Airlines’ official blog Southwest Vacations SouthwestAir at Twitter Southwest Ecopower Press Release June 11, 2008

Retrieved from "" Categories: Companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange, Southwest Airlines, Airlines established in 1971, Air Transport Association members, Airlines of the United States, Companies based in Dallas, Texas, Low-cost airlines, Wikipedia requested photographs in Texas This page was last modified on 21 May 2009, at 22:35 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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