Hiram Ulysses Grant - PowerPoint by yvk25305


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									  The Civil War
The American war between the
     North and the South
The American Civil War (1861 - 1865)
  was one of the most violent times in
the History of the United States. Many
books have been written on all aspects
           of the Civil War.

   More than 600,000 men gave their
lives for their country in this war. This
is more lives lost in one war than in all
wars and conflicts combined following
           this period in time.
 There were many reasons for a
Civil War to happen in America,
     and political issues and
disagreements began soon after
the American Revolution ended
            in 1782.
                                     Civil War Timeline
            Showing Major Events in the Civil War


                                                              April 9, 1865

                                                                                          May 4, 1865
             Jan. 1861

                         July 1861
Mar. 1861

                                      Jan. 1862

                                                  Jan. 1863

                                                                              April 14,
Confederate Flag   U.S.A. Flag
Confederate Union   Union Uniform
   (The South)       (The North)
People of the
 Civil War
Frederick Douglass was one of the
foremost leaders of the abolitionist
  movement, which fought to end
slavery within the United States in
the decades prior to the Civil War.
  A brilliant speaker, Douglass was
asked by the American Anti-Slavery
    Society to engage in a tour of
 lectures, and so became recognized
as one of America's first great black
speakers. He won world fame when
his autobiography was publicized in
   1845. Two years later he began
   publishing an antislavery paper
        called the North Star.
Clara Barton
 1821 - 1912
Angel of the
 Red Cross
Chief Justice
Roger Taney
      In 1856, a seemingly
 unnecessary supporting case
     for the 1820 Missouri
  Compromise, Dred Scott vs
 Sandford, was allowed before
the Court. This meant it would
be seen by Chief Justice Taney.
    Taney wrote the majority
    opinion in the Scott case,
confirming slaves as property by
ruling against Negro citizenship
   and then declaring that the
     Compromise itself was
    unconstitutional because
Congress had no right, under the
   constitutional protection of
 private property, to bar slavery
      from new territories.
President Abraham
  Abraham Lincoln, the
   16th president of the
United States, guided his
country through the most
devastating experience in
 its national history--the
       CIVIL WAR.
Abraham Lincoln is the
 President known for
  abolishing slavery.
18th president
 of the United
 The man we know as
 Ulysses S. Grant was
actually named Hiram
    Ulysses Grant.
Before Grant became the
   18th President of the
 United States. He was a
  leader/General for the
Union Military during the
        Civil War.
 Victories in the Civil
 War made Ulysses S.
Grant a national figure
and propelled him into
  the White House.
Robert E. Lee
Lee, a career army officer
 and the most successful
general of the Confederate
    forces during the
  American Civil War.
  Lee eventually
  commanded all
Confederate armies
as general-in-chief.
  Lee’s victories against
superior forces in a losing
 cause made him famous.
  As a result, he is more
   widely-known than
   Ulysses S. Grant, the
general who defeated him.
Jefferson Davis, a Senator from
 Mississippi, was chosen by the
Confederate States of America to
     be their first president.
Civil Rights
                 May 17, 1954

The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown
v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, unanimously
agreeing that segregation in public schools is
unconstitutional. The ruling paves the way for large-
scale desegregation. The decision overturns the 1896
Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but
equal" segregation of the races, ruling that "separate
educational facilities are inherently unequal." It is a
victory for NAACP attorney Thurgood Marshall, who
will later return to the Supreme Court as the nation's
first black justice.
Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
officially started on December
1, 1955. That was the day when
   the blacks of Montgomery,
  Alabama, decided that they
  would boycott the city buses
 until they could sit anywhere
 they wanted, instead of being
 relegated to the back when a
         white boarded.
It was not, however, the day that
the movement to desegregate the
    buses started. Perhaps the
 movement started on the day in
  1943 when a black seamstress
 named Rosa Parks paid her bus
  fare and then watched the bus
 drive off as she tried to re-enter
   through the rear door, as the
     driver had told her to do.
Rosa Parks
Later, on the 1st of December 1955,
 Mrs. Rosa Parks, was arrested in
  Montgomery, Alabama for not
 standing and letting a white bus
        rider take her seat.
 Rosa Parks being fingerprinted for her
actions on the Montgomery, Alabama Bus
     Birmingham, Alabama

Birmingham, Alabama, served as
  the center of black industrial
employment for nearly a century,
and the major site of black labor
    struggles and civil rights
   Birmingham Civil Rights March
               May 1963
     During civil rights protests in
 Birmingham, Ala., Commissioner of
 Public Safety Eugene "Bull" Connor
uses fire hoses and police dogs on black
    demonstrators. These images of
   brutality, which are televised and
 published widely, are instrumental in
 gaining sympathy for the civil rights
     movement around the world.
The Birmingham Civil
    Rights March
             Civil rights act of 1964
 To enforce the constitutional right to vote, to
 confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of
 the United States to provide injunctive relief
        against discrimination in public
  accommodations, to authorize the Attorney
      General to institute suits to protect
  constitutional rights in public facilities and
public education, to extend the Commission on
   Civil Rights, to prevent discrimination in
   federally assisted programs, to establish a
      Commission on Equal Employment
     Opportunity, and for other purposes.
   American Indian Movement (AIM),
organization of the Native American civil-
  rights movement, founded in 1968. Its
purpose is to encourage self-determination
among Native Americans and to establish
 international recognition of their treaty
    Samuel Gompers

  First President of the
 American Federation of
    Labor, 1886-1924

One of the founders of the
 American Federation of
 Labor in 1886. He was
   elected president, a
 position he held, except
  for one year, until his
   death 38 years later.

Founder of
 the Hull
  Jane did an enormous amount when it
              came to peace.

Jane Addams is best known as the founder
of Hull House, a place that provided aid to
 poor working-class families in Chicago.
These centers are often called "settlement
  Martin Luther
    King, Jr.

  A Civil Rights
Activist who is most
  famous for his
“I Have A Dream”
              AUSTIN PEAY

     Governor of Tennessee 1901-1927

 Native of Kentucky and the first and only
Governor of Tennessee to die while in office.

Austin Peay University is named after him.
  Was known for his work towards the
   transportation(roads) in Tennessee
 Anne Dallas

Nashville native
 and women's
suffrage leader.
Dudley was a nationally recognized leader
in the woman suffrage movement. She was
president of the Tennessee Equal Suffrage
Association and third vice president of the
National American Woman Suffrage
Association, and the first at-large woman
delegate to the Democratic National
Convention (1920). She and others led a
campaign to change the stereotype
suffragettes had acquired as anti-family
Dudley worked for the ratification of the
19th Amendment by the Tennessee
General Assembly, making the state the
thirty-sixth to ratify and woman suffrage
the law of the land.

Founder of the Nashville Suffrage League

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