IPhone

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iPhone

iPhone
iPhone Connectivity Wi-Fi (802.11b/g), Bluetooth 2.0+EDR Quad band GSM 850 900 1800 1900 GPRS/EDGE[10] 3G also includes: A-GPS; Tri band UMTS/HSDPA 850, 1900, 2100[11] Original: 4.5 in (115 mm) (h) 2.4 in (61 mm) (w) 0.46 in (11.6 mm) (d) 3G: 4.5 in (115.5 mm) (h) 2.4 in (62.1 mm) (w) 0.48 in (12.3 mm) (d) Original: 135 g (4.8 oz) 3G: 133 g (4.7 oz) iPod Touch

Dimensions

Weight Related

The iPhone is an internet-connected multiThe original iPhone (left) and the iPhone 3G (right). media smartphone designed and marketed by Manufacturer Type Release date

Units sold Operating system Power

CPU

Storage capacity Memory Display Sound

Apple Inc. Since its minimal hardware interface lacks a physical keyboard, the multiCandybar smartphone touch screen renders a virtual keyboard when necessary. The iPhone functions as a Original: June 29, camera phone (also including text messaging 2007 (2007-06-29)[1] 3G: July 11, 2008 (2008-07-11)[2] and visual voicemail), a portable media player (equivalent to an iPod), and an Internet cli21.4 million[3] ent (with email, web browsing, and local WiiPhone OS 2.2.1 (build 5H11) Fi connectivity). The first-generation phone (Developer beta: 3.0 build hardware was quad-band GSM with EDGE; 7A280f)[4] the second generation added UMTS with 3.7 V 1400 mAh internal HSDPA.[12] rechargeable non-removable Apple announced the iPhone on January 9, lithium-ion polymer battery[5] 2007,[13] after months of rumors and speculation.[14] The iPhone was introduced in the Samsung ARM 1176JZ(F)-S v1.0 620 MHz underclocked to United States on June 29, 2007 before being 412 MHz, 32-bit RISC[6] marketed worldwide. Time magazine named GPU: PowerVR MBX Lite 3D[7][8] it the Invention of the Year in 2007.[15] Flash memory (Original: 4, 8, & 16 Released July 11, 2008, the iPhone 3G supGB; 3G: 8 & 16 GB) ports faster 3G data speeds and assisted GPS.[12] On March 17, 2009, Apple an128 MB DRAM[9] nounced the iPhone firmware version 3.0, 480×320 px, 3.5 in (89 mm), 3:2 due to be released in mid 2009.[16]
Apple Inc. aspect ratio, 262,144-color LCD TRRS headphone jack, 20Hz to 20kHz frequency response (internal, headset)

History and availability

Input Camera

Development of iPhone began with Apple Dock connector, headset controls CEO Steve Jobs’ direction that Apple engineers investigate touchscreens.[17] Apple cre2.0 megapixel with geocoding ated the device during a secretive and unprecedented collaboration with AT&T

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iPhone
iPhone 3Gs in its first 3 days on sale,[22] enough to overload Apple’s United States iTunes servers.[23] Apple has since released the iPhone 3G in upwards of eighty countries and territories.[24] In April 2009, rumors surfaced that Verizon Wireless had spoken to Apple regarding the possible development of an iPhone for their network in the United States, breaking AT&T’s monopoly.[25] Over 3 million units were sold in the first month after the 3G launch, at a "blistering sales pace".[26] The phenomenon of popular willingness to upgrade to the 3G so soon after purchase of an earlier model was attributed to Apple’s popularity and its frequent imitators.[27] The anomalously high demand for the first-generation iPhone was reflected in free-market prices for older models that began to rise steadily within days of the 3G launch resetting the price baselines.[28] Apple sold 6.1 million original iPhone units over five quarters.[29] The company sold 3.8 million iPhone 3Gs in the second quarter of fiscal 2009, ending March 2009, totaling 21.4 million iPhones sold to date.[3] Sales in Q4 2008 surpassed temporarily those of RIM’s BlackBerry sales of 5.2 million units, which made Apple briefly the third largest mobile phone manufacturer by revenue, after Nokia and Samsung.[30] While iPhone sales constitute a significant portion of Apple’s revenue, some of this income is deferred.[3]

iPhone quarterly sales

Worldwide iPhone availability: iPhone was available; now 3G only Available later

Original iPhone 3G

Mobility—Cingular Wireless at the time—at an estimated development cost of US$150 million over thirty months. Apple rejected the "design by committee" approach that had yielded the Motorola ROKR E1, a largely unsuccessful collaboration with Motorola. Instead, Cingular gave Apple the liberty to develop the iPhone’s hardware and software inhouse. Numerous codenames and even fake prototypes were devised to keep the project secret.[18][19] Jobs unveiled iPhone to the public on January 9, 2007 in a keynote address. Apple was required to file for operating permits with the FCC, but such filings are available to the public, so the announcement came several months before the iPhone received approval. The iPhone went on sale in the United States on June 29, 2007. Apple closed its stores at 2:00 pm local time to prepare for the 6:00 pm iPhone launch, while hundreds of customers lined up at stores nationwide.[1] On launch weekend, Apple sold 270,000 iPhones in the first thirty hours.[20] The original iPhone was made available in the UK, France, and Germany in November 2007, and Ireland and Austria in the spring of 2008. On July 11, 2008, Apple released the iPhone 3G in twenty-two countries, including the original six.[21] Apple sold 1 million

Hardware

Rear view of the original iPhone (left) made of aluminum and plastic, and the iPhone 3G, made completely from a hard plastic material.[31]

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iPhone
The display responds to three sensors. A proximity sensor deactivates the display and touchscreen when the iPhone is brought near the face during a call. This is done to save battery power and to prevent inadvertent inputs from the user’s face and ears. An ambient light sensor adjusts the display brightness which in turn saves battery power. A 3-axis accelerometer senses the orientation of the phone and changes the screen accordingly, allowing the user to easily switch between portrait and landscape mode.[37] Photo browsing, web browsing, and music playing support both upright and left or right widescreen orientations.[38] Later, a software update allowed the first generation iPhone to use cell towers and Wi-Fi networks for location finding despite lacking a hardware GPS. The iPhone 3G supplements those methods with A-GPS. The iPhone has three physical switches on the sides: wake/sleep, volume up/down, and ringer on/off. These are made of plastic on the original iPhone and metal on the iPhone 3G. A single "home" hardware button below the display brings up the main menu. The touch screen furnishes the remainder of the user interface. The back of the original iPhone was made of aluminum with a black plastic accent. The iPhone 3G features a full plastic back to increase GSM signal strength.[39] The plastic is black for the 8 GB model, but the 16 GB version is also available in white.

A highlighted view of the proximity and ambient light sensors on the first-generation iPhone.

Audio and output

The proximity and ambient light sensors on the iPhone 3G.

Screen and input
The touchscreen is a 9 cm (3.5 in) liquid crystal display (320×480 px at 6.3 px/mm, 160 ppi, HVGA) with scratch-resistant glass,[32] and can render 262,144 colors. The capacitive touchscreen is designed for a bare finger, or multiple fingers for multi-touch sensing. Most gloves and styluses prevent the necessary electrical conductivity.[33][34][35][36]

One of two speakers (left) and the microphone (right) surround the Dock Connector on the base of the iPhone. Loudspeakers are located above the screen and the left side of the bottom of the unit; the microphone is located on the right. Volume controls are located on the left side of the unit and as a slider in the iPod application. Both speakers are used for handsfree operations and media playback. The 3.5 mm TRRS connector for the headphones is located on the top left corner of the device.[40] The headphone socket on the original iPhone is recessed into the casing,

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making it incompatible with most headsets without the use of an adapter.[41][42] The iPhone 3G eliminates the issue with a flush mounted headphone socket. The iPhone’s headphones are similar to those of most current smartphones, incorporating a microphone. A multipurpose button in the microphone can be used to play or pause music, skip tracks, and answer or end phone calls without touching the iPhone itself. A small number of third-party headsets specifically designed for the iPhone also include the microphone and control button.[43] Apple sells headsets with volume controls, but they are not compatible with the iPhone.[44] The built-in Bluetooth 2.x+EDR supports wireless earpieces, which requires the HSP profile. stereo audio will be added in the 3.0 update for hardware that supports A2DP.[45][46] While illicit solutions exist, the iPhone does not officially support laptop tethering[47][48] or the OBEX file transfer protocol.[49] The lack of these profiles prevent iPhone users from exchanging multimedia files, such as pictures, music and videos, with other bluetooth-enabled cell phones. Composite or component video at up to 576i and stereo audio can be output from the dock connector using an adapter sold by Apple.[50] Unlike many similar phones, the iPhone currently requires third party software to support voice recording. Apple is planning such an application for the 3.0 software update.[45][46]

iPhone
similar to charging an iPod. Alternatively, a USB to AC adapter (or "wall charger," also included) can be connected to the cable to charge directly from a AC outlet. A number of third party accessories (stereos, car chargers, even solar chargers) are also available.[52] If the battery malfunctions or dies prematurely, the phone can be returned to Apple and replaced for free while still under warranty.[53] The warranty lasts one year from purchase and is extended to two years with AppleCare. The cost of having Apple provide a new battery and replace it when the iPhone is out of warranty is slightly less than half the cost of a new 8 GB iPhone.[54] The Foundation for Taxpayer and Consumer Rights, a consumer advocate group, has sent a complaint to Apple and AT&T over the fee that consumers have to pay to have the battery replaced.[55] Though the battery replacement service and its pricing was not made known to buyers until the day the product was launched,[55][56] it is similar to how Apple (and third parties) replace batteries for iPods. Since July 2007 third party battery replacement kits have been available[57] at a much lower price than Apple’s own battery replacement program. These kits often include a small screwdriver and an instruction leaflet, but as with many newer iPod models the battery in the original iPhone has been soldered in. Therefore a soldering iron is required to install the new battery. The iPhone 3G uses a different battery fitted with a connector that is easier to replace, although replacing the battery oneself still voids the warranty.[58] The original iPhone’s battery was stated to be capable of providing up to seven hours of video, six hours of web browsing, eight hours of talk time, 24 hours of music or up to 250 hours on standby.[32] Apple’s site says that the battery life "is designed to retain up to 80% of its original capacity after 400 full charge and discharge cycles",[59] which is comparable to iPod batteries. The iPhone 3G’s battery is stated to be capable of providing up to seven hours of video, six hours of web browsing on Wi-Fi or five on 3G, ten hours of 2G talk time, or five on 3G, 24 hours of music, or 300 hours of standby.[11]

Battery

Size comparison, from top to bottom, between: - a first generation iPod Nano - a first generation iPhone - a fourth generation iPod The iPhone features an internal rechargeable battery. Like an iPod but unlike most other cell phones, the battery is not user-replaceable.[41][51] The iPhone can be charged when connected to a computer for syncing across the included USB to dock connector cable,

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iPhone

SIM card
See also: iPhone SIM Lock removal

The original iPhone’s SIM card slot shown as open, with ejected SIM card. The SIM card is located in a slot at the top of the device. It can be ejected with a paperclip or a tool included with the iPhone 3G.[60] In most countries, the iPhone is usually sold with a SIM lock, which prevents the iPhone from being used on a different mobile network.

Storage
The iPhone was initially released with two options for internal storage size: 4 GB or 8 GB. On September 5, 2007, Apple discontinued the 4 GB models.[61] On February 5, 2008, Apple added a 16 GB model.[62] All data is stored on the internal flash drive; the iPhone does not contain any memory card slots for expanded storage. The default Home screen of the iPhone shows most of the applications provided by Apple. Users can download additional applications from the App store, create Web Clips, and rearrange the icons as they please. The iPhone (and iPod Touch) run an operating system known as iPhone OS. It is based on a variant of the same basic Mach kernel that is found in Mac OS X. iPhone OS includes the software component "Core Animation" from Mac OS X v10.5 Leopard which, together with the PowerVR MBX 3D hardware, is responsible for the interface’s smooth animations. The operating system takes up less than half a GB of the device’s total storage (4, 8, or 16 GB).[65] It is capable of supporting bundled and future applications from Apple, as well as from third-party developers. Software applications cannot be copied directly from Mac OS X but must be written and compiled specifically for iPhone OS. Like the iPod, the iPhone is managed with iTunes. It requires version 7.3 or later, which is compatible with Mac OS X version 10.4.10 Tiger or later, and 32-bit or 64-bit Windows XP or Vista.[66] The release of iTunes 7.6

Included items
Both the iPhone and the iPhone 3G include written documentation, stereo earbuds with microphone, a dock connector to USB cable, and a cloth for cleaning the screen. The original iPhone also included a dock to hold the iPhone upright; it is not compatible with the iPhone 3G, for which a slightly different dock is sold separately. The iPhone 3G includes a tool to eject the SIM card; the original model required a paperclip. Both versions include a USB power adapter, although iPhone 3Gs sold in North America, Japan, Colombia, Ecuador, or Peru[63][64] include a more compact version than those bundled with iPhone 3Gs sold elsewhere, or the original model.

Software
See also: iPhone OS version history

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expanded this support to include 64-bit versions of XP and Vista,[67] and a workaround has been discovered for previous 64-bit Windows operating systems.[68] Apple provides free updates to the iPhone’s operating system through iTunes, in a similar fashion to the way that iPods are updated.[65] Security patches, as well as new and improved features, are released in this fashion.[69] For example, iPhone 3G users initially experienced dropped calls until an update was issued.[70][71]

iPhone
the finger. For example, zooming in and out of web pages and photos is done by placing two fingers on the screen and spreading them farther apart or bringing them closer together, an gesture known as "pinching". Scrolling through a long list or menu is achieved by sliding a finger over the display from bottom to top, or vice versa to go back. In either case, the list moves as if it is pasted on the outer surface of a wheel, slowly decelerating as if affected by friction. In this way, the interface simulates the physics of a real object. Other visual effects include horizontally sliding sub-selection, the vertically sliding keyboard and bookmarks menu, and widgets that turn around to allow settings to be configured on the other side. Menu bars are found at the top and bottom of the screen when necessary. Their options vary by program, but always follow a consistent style motif. In menu hierarchies, a "back" button in the top-left corner of the screen displays the name of the parent folder.

Interface
The interface is based around the home screen, a graphical list of available applications. iPhone apps normally run one at a time, although most functionality is still available when making a call or listening to music. The home screen can be accessed at any time by a hardware button below the screen, closing the open application in the process.[72] By default, the Home screen contains the following icons: Text (SMS messaging), Calendar, Photos, Camera, YouTube, Stocks, Maps (Google Maps), Weather, Clock, Calculator, Notes, Settings, iTunes (store), and App Store. Docked at the base of the screen, four icons for Phone, Mail, Safari (Internet), and iPod (music) delineate the iPhone’s main purposes.[73] On January 15, 2008, Apple released software update 1.1.3, allowing users to create "Web Clips", home screen icons that resemble apps that open a user-defined page in Safari. After the update, iPhone users can rearrange and place icons on up to nine other adjacent home screens, accessed by a horizontal swipe.[74] Users can also add and delete icons from the dock, which is the same on every home screen. Each home screen holds up to sixteen icons, and the dock holds up to four icons. Users can delete Web Clips and third-party applications at any time, and may select only certain applications for transfer from iTunes. Apple’s default programs, however, may not be removed. The 3.0 update will add a systemwide search, known as Spotlight (software)|Spotlight]], to the left of the first home screen.[45][46] Almost all input is given through the touch screen, which understands complex gestures using multi-touch. The iPhone’s interaction techniques enable the user to move the content up or down by a touch-drag motion of

Phone

When making a call, the iPhone presents a number of options. The screen is automatically disabled when held close to the face.

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The iPhone allows audio conferencing, call holding, call merging, caller ID, and integration with other cellular network features and iPhone functions. For example, if a song is playing while a call is received, it gradually fades out, and fades back when the call has ended. The proximity sensor shuts off the screen and touch-sensitive circuitry when the iPhone is brought close to the face, both to save battery and prevent unintentional touches. The iPhone only supports voice dialing through third party applications,[75] and video calling is not supported at all. The iPhone includes a visual voicemail (in some countries) feature allowing users to view a list of current voicemail messages onscreen without having to call into their voicemail. Unlike most other systems, messages can be listened to and deleted in a non-chronological order by choosing any message from an on-screen list. A music ringtone feature was introduced in the United States on September 5, 2007. Users can create custom ringtones from songs purchased from the iTunes Store for a small additional fee. The ringtones can be 3 to 30 seconds long from any part of a song, can fade in and out, pause from half a second to five seconds when looped, or loop continuously. All customizing can be done in iTunes, and the synced ringtones can also be used for alarms. Custom ringtones can also be created using Apple’s GarageBand software 4.1.1 or later (available only on Mac OS X)[76] and third-party tools.[77] Custom ringtones are not supported in some countries.

iPhone
The iPhone supports gapless playback.[78] Like the fifth generation iPods introduced in 2005, the iPhone can play digital video, allowing users to watch TV shows and movies in widescreen. Unlike other image-related content, video on the iPhone plays only in the landscape orientation, when the phone is turned sideways. Double-tapping switches between widescreen and fullscreen video playback. The iPhone allows users to purchase and download songs from the iTunes Store directly to their iPhone. The feature originally required a Wi-Fi network, but now can use the cellular data network if one is not available.[79]

Internet connectivity

Wikipedia Main Page on iPhone’s Safari in landscape mode Internet access is available when the iPhone is connected to a local area Wi-Fi or a wide area GSM or EDGE network, both secondgeneration (2G) wireless data standards. The iPhone 3G also supports third-generation UMTS and HSDPA 3.6,[80] but not HSDPA 7.2 or HSUPA networks. AT&T introduced 3G in July 2004,[81] but as late as 2007 Steve Jobs felt that it was still not widespread enough in the US, and the chipsets not energy efficient enough, to be included in the iPhone.[34][82] The iPhone 3G has a maximum download rate of 1.4 Mbp/s [83] in the US. Support for 802.1X, an authentication system commonly used by university and corporate Wi-Fi networks, was added in the 2.0 version update.[84] By default, the iPhone will ask to join newly discovered Wi-Fi networks and prompt for the password when required. Alternatively, it can join closed Wi-Fi networks manually.[85] The iPhone will automatically choose

Multimedia
The layout of the music library is similar to that of an iPod or current Symbian S60 phones. The iPhone can sort its media library by songs, artists, albums, videos, playlists, genres, composers, podcasts, audiobooks, and compilations. Options are always presented alphabetically, except in playlists, which retain their order from iTunes. The iPhone uses a large font that allows users plenty of room to touch their selection. Users can rotate their device horizontally to landscape mode to access Cover Flow. Like on iTunes, this feature shows the different album covers in a scroll-through photo library. Scrolling is achieved by swiping a finger across the screen.

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the strongest network, connecting to Wi-Fi instead of EDGE when it is available.[86] Similarly, the iPhone 3G prefers 3G to 2G, and Wi-Fi to either.[87] Wi-Fi, Blutooth, and 3G (on the iPhone 3G) can all be deactivated individually. Airplane Mode disables all wireless connections at once, overriding other preferences. Safari is the iPhone’s native web browser, and it displays pages similar to its Mac OS X counterpart. Web pages may be viewed in portrait or landscape mode and supports automatic zooming by pinching together or spreading apart fingertips on the screen, or by double-tapping text or images.[88][89] The iPhone supports neither Flash[90] nor Java.[91] Consequently, the UK’s Advertising Standards Authority adjudicated that an advertisement claiming the iPhone could access "all parts of the internet" should be withdrawn in its current form, on grounds of false advertising.[92] The iPhone supports SVG, CSS, HTML Canvas, and Bonjour.[93][94] The maps application can access Google Maps in map, satellite, or hybrid form. It can also generate directions between two locations, while providing optional real-time traffic information. Support for walking directions, public transit, and street view was added in the version 2.2 software update.[70] During the iPhone’s announcement, Jobs demonstrated this feature by searching for nearby Starbucks locations and then placing a prank call to one with a single tap.[17][95] Apple also developed a separate application to view YouTube videos on the iPhone, which streams videos after encoding them using the open H.264 codec. Simple weather and stock quotes applications also tap in to the Internet. iPhone users can and do access the internet frequently, and in a variety of places. According to Google, the iPhone generates 50 times more search requests than any other mobile handset.[96] According to Deutsche Telekom CEO René Obermann, "The average Internet usage for an iPhone customer is more than 100 megabytes. This is 30 times the use for our average contract-based consumer customers."[97]

iPhone

The virtual keyboard on the original iPhone’s touchscreen. predictive word capabilities, and a dynamic dictionary that learns new words. The keyboard can predict what word the user is typing and complete it, and correct for the accidental pressing of keys adjacent to the presumed desired key. The keys are somewhat larger and spaced farther apart when in landscape mode, which is supported by only a limited number of applications. Holding a finger over a section of text brings up a magnifying glass, allowing users to place the cursor in the middle of existing text. The virtual keyboard can accommodate 21 languages, including character recognition for Chinese.[98] The iPhone does not currently support cut, copy, or pasting text, but the feature is planned for the 3.0 update.[45][46]

E-mail and text messages
The iPhone also features an e-mail program that supports HTML e-mail, which enables the user to embed photos in an e-mail message. PDF, Word, Excel, and Powerpoint attachments to mail messages can be viewed on the phone.[99] Apple’s MobileMe platform offers push email, which emulates the functionality of the popular BlackBerry email solution, for an annual subscription. Yahoo! offers a free push-email service for the iPhone. IMAP (although not Push-IMAP) and POP3 mail standards are also supported, including Microsoft Exchange[100] and Kerio MailServer.[101] In the first versions of the

Text input
For text input, the iPhone implements a virtual keyboard on the touchscreen. It has automatic spell checking and correction,

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iPhone firmware, this was accomplished by opening up IMAP on the Exchange server. Apple has also licensed Microsoft ActiveSync and now supports the platform (including push email) with the release of iPhone 2.0 firmware.[102][103] The iPhone will sync email account settings over from Apple’s own Mail application, Microsoft Outlook, and Microsoft Entourage, or it can be manually configured on the device itself. With the correct settings, the e-mail program can access almost any IMAP or POP3 account.[104] Text messages are presented chronologically in a mailbox format similar to Mail, which places all text from recipients together with replies. Text messages are displayed in speech bubbles (similar to iChat) under each recipient’s name. The iPhone currently has built-in support for e-mail message forwarding, drafts, and direct internal camera-to-email picture sending. Support for multi-recipient SMS was added in the 1.1.3 software update.[70] Support for MMS is planned for the 3.0 update for the iPhone 3G only.[45][46] A lack of focus on text-messaging is widely considered a chief weakness of the iPhone, although a large number of users evidently have no issue using the device for this purpose.[105]

iPhone
also lets users view the camera roll, the pictures that have been taken with the iPhone’s camera. Those pictures are also available in the Photos application, along with any transferred from iPhoto or Aperture on a Mac, or Photoshop in Windows.

Third party applications
At WWDC 2007 on June 11, 2007 Apple announced that the iPhone would support thirdparty "web applications" written in AJAX that share the look and feel of the iPhone interface.[106] On October 17, 2007, Steve Jobs, in an open letter posted to Apple’s "Hot News" weblog, announced that a software development kit (SDK) would be made available to third-party developers in February 2008. The iPhone SDK was officially announced on March 6, 2008, at the Apple Town Hall facility.[107] It allows developers to develop native applications for the iPhone and iPod Touch, as well as test them in an "iPhone simulator". However, loading an application onto the devices is only possible after paying a Apple Developer Connection membership fee. Developers are free to set any price for their applications to be distributed through the App Store, of which they will receive a 70 percent share.[108] Developers can also opt to release the application for free and will not pay any costs to release or distribute the application beyond the membership fee. The SDK was made available immediately, while the launch of applications had to wait until the firmware update which was released on July 11, 2008.[103] The update was free for iPhone users, but not for iPod Touch owners, whose devices can run iPhone applications only after paying a small fee.[109] Once a developer has submitted an application to the App Store, Apple holds firm control over its distribution. For example, Apple can halt the distribution of applications it deems inappropriate as has happened with a US$1000 program that has as sole purpose to demonstrate the wealth of its user.[110] Apple has been criticized for banning third party applications that enable a functionality that Apple doesn’t want the iPhone to have. In 2008, Apple rejected Podcaster, which allowed iPhone users to download podcasts directly to the iPhone claiming it duplicated the functionality of iTunes.[111] Apple has since released a software update that grants this capability.[70] NetShare, another rejected

Camera and photos

The photo display application The iPhone features a built in 2.0 megapixel camera located on the back for still digital photos. It has no optical zoom, flash or autofocus, and does not support video recording. Version 2.0 of iPhone OS introduced the capability to embed location data in the pictures, producing geocoded photographs. The iPhone includes software that allows the user to upload, view, and e-mail photos. The user zooms in and out of photos by sliding two fingers further apart or closer together, much like Safari. The Camera application

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app, would have enabled users to tether iPhones to laptop (or desktop) computers and thereby use the iPhone as an Internet modem.[112] Before the SDK was released, third-parties were permitted to design "Web Apps" that would run through Safari.[113] Unsigned native applications are also available.[114] The ability to install native applications onto the iPhone outside of the App Store will not be supported by Apple. Such native applications could be broken by any software update, but Apple has stated it will not design software updates specifically to break native applications other than applications that perform SIM unlocking.[115]

iPhone
terminals comprising computer hardware and software providing integrated telephone, data communications and personal computer functions" (1993 filing),[122] and "computer hardware and software for providing integrated telephone communication with computerized global information networks" (1996 filing).[124] Infogear released a telephone with an integrated web browser under the name iPhone in 1998.[125] In 2000, Infogear won an infringement claim against the owners of the iphones.com domain name.[126] In June 2000, Cisco Systems acquired Infogear, including the iPhone trademark.[127] On December 18, 2006 they released a range of re-branded Voice over IP (VoIP) sets under the name iPhone.[128] In October 2002, Apple applied for the "iPhone" trademark in the United Kingdom, Australia, Singapore, and the European Union. A Canadian application followed in October 2004 and a New Zealand application in September 2006. As of October 2006 only the Singapore and Australian applications had been granted. In September 2006, a company called Ocean Telecom Services applied for an "iPhone" trademark in the United States, United Kingdom and Hong Kong, following a filing in Trinidad and Tobago.[129] As the Ocean Telecom trademark applications use exactly the same wording as Apple’s New Zealand application, it is assumed that Ocean Telecom is applying on behalf of Apple.[130] The Canadian application was opposed in August 2005 by a Canadian company called Comwave who themselves applied for the trademark three months later. Comwave have been selling VoIP devices called iPhone since 2004.[127] Shortly after Steve Jobs’ January 9, 2007 announcement that Apple would be selling a product called iPhone in June 2007, Cisco issued a statement that it had been negotiating trademark licensing with Apple and expected Apple to agree to the final documents that had been submitted the night before.[131] On January 10, 2007 Cisco announced it had filed a lawsuit against Apple over the infringement of the trademark iPhone, seeking an injunction in federal court to prohibit Apple from using the name.[132] More recently, Cisco claimed that the trademark lawsuit was a "minor skirmish" that was not about money, but about interoperability.[133] On February 2, 2007, Apple and Cisco announced that they had agreed to temporarily

Accessibility
The iPhone can enlarge text to make it more accessible for vision-impaired users,[116] and can accommodate hearing-impaired users with closed captioning and external TTY devices.[117] Nevertheless, Apple states that "[e]ffective use of the iPhone requires a minimal level of visual acuity, motor skills, and an ability to operate a few mechanical buttons. Use of iPhone by someone who relies solely on audible and tactile input is not recommended."[118] The iPhone 3G has not been rated under the United States Federal Communication Commission guidelines for hearing aid compatibility at either level M3 or T3.[118]

Intellectual property
Apple has filed more than 200 patents related to the technology behind the iPhone.[119][120] LG Electronics claimed the iPhone’s design was copied from the LG Prada. WooYoung Kwak, head of LG Mobile Handset R&D Center, said at a press conference, “We consider that Apple copied Prada phone after the design was unveiled when it was presented in the iF Design Award and won the prize in September 2006.”[121] On September 3, 1993, Infogear filed for the U.S. trademark "I PHONE"[122] and on March 20, 1996 applied for the trademark "IPhone".[123] "I Phone" was registered in March 1998,[122] and "IPhone" was registered in 1999.[123] Since then, the I PHONE mark had been abandoned.[122] Infogear’s trademarks cover "communications

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suspend litigation while they hold settlement talks,[134] and subsequently announced on February 20, 2007 that they had reached an agreement. Both companies will be allowed to use the "iPhone" name[135] in exchange for "exploring interoperability" between their security, consumer, and business communications products.[136] The iPhone has also inspired several leading high-tech clones, driving both Apple’s popularity and consumer willingness to upgrade iPhones quickly.[27]

iPhone
carrier in the United States, unlocked iPhones can be used with an unauthorized carrier or a Wi-Fi connection after unlocking.[28] More than a quarter of iPhones sold in the United States were not registered with AT&T. Apple speculates that they were likely shipped overseas and unlocked, a lucrative market prior to the iPhone 3G’s worldwide release.[138] On November 21, 2007, T-Mobile in Germany announced it would sell the phone unlocked and without a T-Mobile contract, caused by a preliminary injunction against TMobile put in place by their competitor, Vodafone.[139] On December 4, 2007, a German court decided to grant T-Mobile exclusive rights to sell the iPhone with SIM lock, overturning the temporary injunction.[140] In addition, T-Mobile will voluntarily offer to unlock customers’ iPhone after the contract expires.[141] AT&T has stated that the "iPhone cannot be unlocked, even if you are out of contract".[142][28] On March 26, 2009 AT&T in the United States began selling the iPhone without a contract, though still SIM-locked to their network.[143] Such iPhone units are often twice as expensive as those with contracts.[144] Vendors in Hong Kong, Italy, New Zealand, and Russia (among others) sell iPhones not locked to any carrier.[145] In Australia, all three carriers (Optus, Telstra, and Vodafone) sell locked phones, but will unlock upon request.[145]

Restrictions

Activation
The iPhone normally prevents access to its media player and web features unless it has also been activated as a phone with an authorized carrier. On July 3, 2007, Jon Lech Johansen reported on his blog that he had successfully bypassed this requirement and unlocked the iPhone’s other features with a combination of custom software and modification of the iTunes binary. He published the software and offsets for others to use.[146] Unlike the original, the 3G iPhone must be activated in the store in most countries.[147] This makes the iPhone 3G more difficult, but not impossible, to hack. The need for in-store activation, as well as the huge number of first-generation iPhone and iPod Touch users upgrading to iPhone OS 2.0, caused a worldwide overload of Apple’s servers on July 11, 2008, the day on which both the iPhone 3G

Unlocked iPhone firmware version 3.0. Apple tightly controls certain aspects of the iPhone. The hacker community has found many workarounds, most of which threaten to void the device’s warranty.[137]

SIM Lock removal
While initially the iPhone was only sold on the AT&T network with a SIM lock in place, various hackers have found methods to "unlock" the phone from a specific network. Although AT&T is the only authorized iPhone

11

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
and iPhone OS 2.0 updates were released. After the update, devices were required to connect to Apple’s servers to authenticate the update, causing many devices to be temporarily unusable.[148] Users on the O2 network in the United Kingdom, however, can buy the phone online and activate it via iTunes as with the previous model.[149] Even where not required, vendors usually offer activation for the buyer’s convenience.

iPhone
04/22results.html. 6.1 (original iPhones) + 6.9 (Q4 2008) + 4.4 (Q1 2009) + 3.8 (Q2 2009) = 21.2 million iPhones sold [4] Parkinson, Anthony (2009-04-14). "iPhone OS 3.0 beta 3 Build: 7A280f released". Appletell.com. http://www.appletell.com/apple/ comment/iphoneos-3.0-beta-3-build-7a280f-released/. Retrieved on 2009-05-13. [5] "iPod and iPhone Battery and Power Specifications". iPodBatteryFAQ.com. http://www.ipodbatteryfaq.com/ ipodbatteryandpower.html. Retrieved on 2009-05-12. [6] Patterson, Blake (2008-07-07). "Under the Hood: The iPhone’s Gaming Mettle". touchArcade. http://toucharcade.com/ 2008/07/07/under-the-hood-the-iphonesgaming-mettle/. Retrieved on 2009-03-20. [7] "Update: U.K. graphics specialist confirms iPhone design win". EE Times. http://www.eetimes.com/news/semi/ showArticle.jhtml?articleID=200900740. [8] Dilger, Daniel Eran (2008-03-20). "iPhone 2.0 SDK: Video Games to Rival Nintendo DS, Sony PSP". RoughlyDrafted Magazine. http://www.roughlydrafted.com/2008/03/ 20/iphone-20-sdk-video-games-to-rivalnintendo-ds-sony-psp/. Retrieved on 2009-05-12. [9] "Apple (Samsung S5L8900) applications processor with eDRAM". Semiconductor Insights. http://www.semiconductor.com/ resources/reports_database/ view_device.asp?sinumber=18016. Retrieved on 2009-05-12. [10] "Apple — iPhone — tech Specs". Apple and the Wayback machine. July 14, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/ 20070714051039/http://www.apple.com/ iphone/specs.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-19. [11] ^ "iPhone—High Technology—Tech Specs". Apple Inc.. http://www.apple.com/iphone/specs.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-06. [12] ^ Apple Inc. (2008-06-09). Apple Introduces the New iPhone 3G. Press release. http://www.apple.com/pr/library/ 2008/06/09iphone.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-09.

Third party applications
See also: iPhone Dev Team and Cydia (iPhone) The iPhone’s operating system is designed to only run software that has an Apple-approved cryptographic signature. This restriction can be overcome by "jailbreaking" the phone,[150] which involves replacing the iPhone’s firmware with a slightly modified version that does not enforce the signature check. Doing so may be a circumvention of Apple’s technical protection measures.[151] Apple, in a statement to the United States Copyright Office in response to EFF lobbying for a DMCA exception for this kind of hacking, claimed that jailbreaking the iPhone would be copyright infringement due to the necessary modification of system software.[152] The 3.0 firmware was jailbroken while still in beta.[153]

See also
• • • • iPhone OS iPod touch App Store Newton

References
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[13] Honan, Mathew (2007-01-09). "Apple unveils iPhone". Macworld. http://www.macworld.com/article/54769/ 2007/01/iphone.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-06. [14] Dolan, Brian. "Timeline of Apple "iPhone" Rumors (1999–Present)". http://www.fiercewireless.com/story/ timeline-apple-iphonerumors-1999-present. Retrieved on 2008-02-17. [15] Grossman, Lev (2007-10-31). "Invention Of the Year: The iPhone". http://www.time.com/time/business/ article/0,8599,1678581,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [16] Weber, Scott (2009-03-17). "Apple Shows Off New iPhone 3.0". Around Town (NBC San Diego). http://www.nbcsandiego.com/ around_town/shopping/Apple-toAnnounce-Version-3-of-iPhone-OS.html. Retrieved on 2009-03-20. [17] ^ Cohen, Peter (January 9, 2007). "Macworld Expo Keynote Live Update". Macworld. http://www.macworld.com/ news/2007/01/09/liveupdate/index.php. Retrieved on 2007-02-01. [18] Lewis, Peter (January 12, 2007). "How Apple kept its iPhone secrets". CNN Money. http://money.cnn.com/2007/01/ 10/commentary/ lewis_fortune_iphone.fortune/index.htm. Retrieved on 2009-01-11. [19] Vogelstein, Fred (January 9, 2008). "The Untold Story: How the iPhone Blew Up the Wireless Industry". Wired News (Condé Nast Publications). http://www.wired.com/gadgets/wireless/ magazine/16-02/ff_iphone. Retrieved on 2008-01-10. [20] "Apple Inc. Q3 2007 Unaudited Summary Data" (PDF). Apple Inc.. July 25, 2007. http://images.apple.com/pr/pdf/ q307data_sum.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. "Consists of iPhones and Apple-branded and third-party iPhone accessories." [21] Costello, Sam. "Initial iPhone 3G Country Availability List". about.com. http://ipod.about.com/od/iphone3g/a/ iphone_3g_rel.htm. Retrieved on 2009-01-11. [22] "Apple Sells One Million iPhone 3Gs in First Weekend". Apple, Inc.. July 14,

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

iPhone

search?q=cache:sP1pBtEK4tsJ:images.apple.com/ The Register. accessibility/pdf/iPhone_vpat.pdf. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/12/18/ Retrieved on 2008-12-15. linksys_launches_iphone/. Retrieved on [119]shimaru, Heather (January 9, 2007). I 2008-06-06. "Apple Options Not An Issue At [129]Case details for Community Trade Mark " Macworld". abc7news.com. E5341301". UK Intellectual Property http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/ Office. http://www.ipo.gov.uk/tm/t-find/tstory?section=news/ findbusiness&id=4920783. Retrieved on number?detailsrequested=C&trademark=E5341301 2007-01-11. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [120]iPhone — Features — High Technology". " [130]Apple filing for iPhone trademarks " Apple Inc.. http://www.apple.com/iphone/ worldwide". 10layers.com. October 17, features/index.html#technology. 2006. http://10layers.com/2006/10/appleRetrieved on 2008-06-06. filing-for-iphone-trademarks-worldwide/. [121] right, Aaron (February 20, 2007). "The W Retrieved on 2007-01-28. iPhone Lawsuits". Apple Matters. [131] homas, Owen (January 9, 2007). "Apple: T http://www.applematters.com/article/theHello, iPhone". CNN Money. iphone-lawsuits/. Retrieved on http://money.cnn.com/2007/01/09/ 2007-06-25. technology/apple_jobs/index.htm. [122] "Trademark Applications and ^ Retrieved on 2007-01-27. Registrations Retrieval, serial number [132] isco Systems (January 10, 2007). Cisco C 74431935 (I PHONE)". United States Sues Apple for Trademark Infringement. Patent and Trademark Office. January Press release. 12, 2007. http://tarr.uspto.gov/servlet/ http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/2007/ tarr?regser=serial&entry=74431935. corp_011007.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-06-06. 2008-06-06. [123] Berlind, David (January 7, 2007). "On ^ [133] euters (January 25, 2007). "Report: R the eve of a new phone, Apple appears to Cisco CEO calls iPhone suit ’minor want in on Cisco’s “iPhone” trademark". skirmish’". News.com. http://blogs.zdnet.com/Berlind/?p=284. http://news.cnet.com/ Retrieved on 2009-01-10. 2100-1047_3-6153339.html. Retrieved on [124]Trademark Applications and " 2008-06-06. Registrations Retrieval, serial number [134] ong, May (February 2, 2007). "Cisco, W 75076573 (IPHONE)". United States Apple decide to talk over iPhone". Patent and Trademark Office. July 31, Associated Press. Seattle Times. 2006. http://tarr.uspto.gov/servlet/ http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/ tarr?regser=serial&entry=75076573. businesstechnology/ Retrieved on 2008-06-06. 2003552200_iphone02.html. Retrieved [125] eedle, David (June 10, 1999). "InfoGear N on 2008-06-06. upgrades phone of the future". CNN. [135] ingfield, Nick (February 22, 2007). W http://www.cnn.com/TECH/computing/ "Apple, Cisco Reach Accord Over iPhone" 9906/10/iphone.idg/index.html. (fee required). The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on 2007-01-27. http://online.wsj.com/article/ [126]InfoGear Technology Corporation v " SB117211001262715655.html. Retrieved iPhones". National Arbitration Forum. on 2008-06-06. April 13, 2000. http://www.arb[136]Cisco and Apple Reach Agreement on " forum.com/domains/decisions/ iPhone Trademark". Apple Inc.. February 94369.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. 21, 2007. http://www.apple.com/pr/ [127] Kawamoto, Dawn (January 26, 2007). ^ library/2007/02/21iphone.html. Retrieved "Cisco faces iPhone trademark challenge on 2008-04-01. in Canada". ZDNet. [137]ohnston, Michael (2007-10-20). "Do J http://news.zdnet.com/ iPhone Hacks Void Your Warranty?". 2100-9595_22-6153865.html. Retrieved iPhone Alley. on 2008-06-06. http://www.iphonealley.com/news/do[128] mith, Tony (December 18, 2006). S iphone-hacks-void-your-warranty. "iPhone launched ... but not by Apple". Retrieved on 2009-05-14.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

iPhone

[138]Quarter of US iPhones ’unlocked’". BBC " business/ News. January 28, 2008. 12iphone.html?_r=1&ref=technology&oref=slogin. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/ Retrieved on 2008-07-13. 7214873.stm. [149]iPhone 3G". Apple Store (U.K.). " [139]T-mobile to sell Iphone without " http://store.apple.com/uk/browse/home/ contract". Reuters. November 21, 2007. shop_iphone/family/ http://www.reuters.com/article/ iphone?mco=MTE2NTQ. Retrieved on technologyNews/ 2009-05-14. idUSWEB918820071121. Retrieved on [150] razit, Tom (2007-10-19). "iPhone K 2008-06-06. jailbreak for the masses released". CNET [140]T-Mobile Germany stops selling " news. http://news.cnet.com/ unlocked iPhones". CNET. December 4, 8301-13579_3-9806428-37.htm. 2007. http://news.cnet.com/T-MobileRetrieved on 2009-05-14. Germany-stops-selling-unlocked-iPhones/ [151] ranick, Jennifer (2007-28-08). "Legal or G 2100-1039_3-6221306.html?tag=nefd.top. Not, IPhone Hacks Might Spur Retrieved on 2008-06-06. Revolution". Wired. [141]Hamburg court re-locks iPhone in " http://www.wired.com/politics/ Germany". December 4, 2007. onlinerights/commentary/circuitcourt/ http://www.betanews.com/article/ 2007/08/circuitcourt_0829. Retrieved on Hamburg_court_relocks_iPhone_in_Germany/ 2009-05-14. 1196796105. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [152] razit, Tom (February 23rd, 2009). K [142]Answer Center: What is the unlock code " "Apple: iPhone jailbreaking violates our for my iPhone?". AT&T. copyright". News.com. http://www.wireless.att.com/answerhttp://news.cnet.com/ center/ 8301-13579_3-10163675-37.html. main.jsp?t=solutionTab&ft=searchTab&ps=solutionPanels&locale=en_US&_dyncharset=UTF-8&solu Retrieved on 2009-02-14. Retrieved on 2009-05-13. [153] adun, Erica (2009-04-02). ""Unofficial" S [143] razit, Tom (2009-13-19). "AT&T: NoK iPhone 3.0 jailbreak released". Ars contract iPhones coming next week". Technica. http://arstechnica.com/apple/ CNET News. http://news.cnet.com/ news/2009/04/unofficial8301-13579_3-10200602-37.html. iphone-30-jailbreak-released-1.ars. Retrieved on 2009-05-14. Retrieved on 2009-05-13. [144]Orange to sell iPhone SIM-free for " €749". PC Retail Magazine. November 29, 2007. http://www.pcretailmag.com/ news/29052/Orange-to-sell-iPhone-SIM• Quotations related to iPhone at free-for-749. Retrieved on 2008-01-06. Wikiquote [145] "About activating iPhone 3G with a ^ • Media related to iPhone at Wikimedia wireless carrier". Apple Inc.. December Commons 13, 2008. http://support.apple.com/kb/ • Apple’s iPhone website HT1937. Retrieved on 2008-12-14. • The iPhone’s technical specifications [146]ohansen, Jon Lech (July 3, 2007). J • iPhone at the Open Directory Project "iPhone Independence Day". nanocr.eu. • Video of Jobs launching the iPhone at http://nanocr.eu/2007/07/03/iphoneMacworld 2007 without-att/. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.

External links

[147] aldwin, Roberto (June 9, 2008). "iPhone B 3G — In-Store Activation Only". MacLife. http://www.maclife.com/article/ iphone_3g_in_store_activation_only. Retrieved on 2008-06-13. [148] arkoff, John (July 12, 2008). "iPhone M Users Plagued by Software Problems.". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/12/ Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPhone"

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

iPhone

Categories: 2007 introductions, Apple personal digital assistants, Cloud clients, Digital audio players, IPhone, IPhone OS, IPod, Multi-touch, Personal digital assistants, Portable media players, Smartphones, Touchscreen mobile phones, Wi-Fi devices, Apple Inc. mobile phones, ITunes This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 21:32 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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