Rave

Document Sample
Rave Powered By Docstoc
					From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rave

Rave
A rave or rave party is a term in use since the 1980s, to describe dance parties (often all-night events) with fast-paced electronic music and light shows.[1][2] At these parties DJs and other performers play Electronica, Trance, and Techno (referred to as "rave music"),[2] with the accompaniment of laser light shows, projected images, and artificial fog. In the late 1980s, the word "rave" was adopted to describe the subculture that grew out of the acid house movement. [3] Activities were related to the party atmosphere of Ibiza, a Mediterranean island frequented by British and German youth on vacation.[1] The fear that a certain number of rave party attendees used "club drugs" such as MDMA, cocaine, amphetamines and, more recently, ketamine, was taken by authorities as a pretext to ban those parties altogether. In late 1950s London, the term "rave" was used to describe the "wild bohemian parties" of the Soho beatnik underground.[4] The word was later used in the burgeoning mod youth culture of the early 1960s as the way to describe any wild party in general. A variation of the term was "rave-up" (chiefly British) - a term popularized by the band The Yardbirds.[5] People who were gregarious party animals were described as "ravers". Pop musicians such as Keith Moon of The Who and Steve Marriott of The Small Faces and Clare Willans were self-described "ravers". There were multiple manifestations of these words in popular culture: • The British rock/R&B group The Yardbirds released an album in the United States in 1965, titled Having a Rave Up • A monthly magazine called "rave" targeted primarily at British teenage girls - was successfully published in the UK for 69 consecutive editions from February 1964 to October 1969. It presented articles, interviews and exclusive photograph sessions relating to the contemporary pop music of the era.[6][7] • The lyrics of the 1968 hit single Lazy Sunday by the mod band The Small Faces referred to "ravers": Wouldn’t it be nice to get on with me neighbours? But they make it very clear they’ve got no room for ravers... Presaging the word’s subsequent 1980s association with electronic music, the word "rave" was part of the title of an electronic music performance event held on 28 January 1967 at London’s Roundhouse titled the "Million Volt Light and Sound Rave". The event featured the only known public airing of an experimental sound collage created for the occasion by Paul McCartney and John Lennon during the early stages of the Sgt. Pepper sessions - the legendary Carnival Of Light recording.[8] With the rapid change of British pop culture from the Mod era of 1963–1966 to the hippie era of 1967 and beyond, the term fell out of popular usage. During the 1970s and early 1980s until its resurrection, the term was not in vogue (one notable exception being ’Drive-In Saturday’ by David Bowie which includes the line ’It’s a crash course for the ravers’). Its use during that era would have been perceived as a quaint or ironic use of bygone slang; part of the out-dated "sixties" lexicon along with words such as "groovy". This perception of the word changed again in the late 1980s when the term was revived and adopted by a new youth culture, possibly inspired by the use of the term in Jamaica.[4]

History
Early years
Early rave-like dances were held in the early 1980s in the Ecstasy-fueled club scene, in clubs like NRG ("energy"), in Houston. However, it was not until the mid to late 1980s that a wave of psychedelic and other electronic dance music, most notably acid house and techno, emerged and caught on in the clubs, warehouses, and free-parties around Manchester and later London. These early raves were called Acid House Parties. They were mainstream events that attracted

1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
thousands of people (up to 25,000 instead of the 4,000 that came to earlier warehouse parties). Acid House parties were first rebranded "rave parties" in the media, during the summer of 1989 by Neil Andrew Megson during a television interview. In the UK, in 1988-89, raves were similar to football matches in that they provided a setting for working-class unification, in a time with a union movement in decline and few jobs, and many of the attendees of raves were die-hard football fans.[9] The lack of football rivalry at raves was due in large part to the Ecstasy taken by the "thugs" who would otherwise have relied on fighting for an adrenaline rush.[9] British politicians responded with hostility to the emerging rave-party trend. Politicians spoke out against raves and began to fine anyone who held illegal parties. Police crackdowns on these often-illegal parties drove the scene into the countryside. The word "rave" somehow caught on in the UK to describe common semi-spontaneous weekend parties occurring at various locations linked by the brand new M25 London Orbital motorway that ringed London and the Home Counties. (It was this that gave the band Orbital their name.) These ranged from former warehouses and industrial sites, in London, to fields and country clubs in the countryside. Electronic Music in general and also the "rave scene" was jump started in Detroit, Michigan and this is where the underground rave scene first originated. Numerous well known DJ’s like Rich Hawtin and DJ Godfather all got their start in the underground scene in Detroit. Today the rave scene is still kept alive in Detroit with the DEMF or Detroit Electronic Music Festival also known as the Movement. Here famous DJ’s from all over the world come to play on one of the multiple stages during this 3-day event at Heart Plaza in Detroit. In 2008 an estimated 90,000 people showed up over the 3-day weekend. To some this is the biggest Electronic Music Festival in the world still alive today. The early rave scene also flourished underground in North American cities such as Montreal, Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Detroit and as word of the budding scene spread, raves quickly caught on in other major urban centers across the North American and European continents.

Rave

United Kingdom
From the Acid House scene of the late 1980s, the scene transformed from predominantly a London-based phenomenon to a UK-wide mainstream underground youth movement. By 1991, organizations such as Fantazia, Universe, Raindance, and Amnesia House were holding massive legal raves in fields and warehouses around the country. One Fantazia party, called One Step Beyond, was an open-air, all-night affair that attracted 30,000 people. Other notable events included Vision at Pophams airfield in August 1992, with 40,000 in attendance, and Universe’s Tribal Gathering in 1993. In the early 1990s, the scene was slowly changing, with local councils passing bylaws and increasing fees in an effort to prevent or discourage rave organisations from acquiring necessary licenses. This meant that the days of legal one-off parties were numbered. By the mid-90s, the scene had fragmented into many different styles of dance music, making large parties more expensive to set up and more difficult to promote. The happy old skool style was replaced by the darker jungle and the faster happy hardcore. Although many ravers left the scene due to the split, promoters such as ESP Dreamscape and Helter Skelter still enjoyed widespread popularity and capacity attendances with multi-arena events catering to the various genres. Particularly notable events of this period included ESP’s Dreamscape 20 on 9 September 1995 at Brafield aerodrome fields, Northants and Helter Skelter’s Energy 97 event on 9 Aug 1997 at Turweston Aerodrome, Northants. The illegal free party scene also reached its zenith for that time after a particularly large festival, when many individual sound systems such as Bedlam, Circus Warp, DIY, and Spiral Tribe set up near Castlemorton Common. In May 1992, the government acted. Under the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, the definition of music played at a rave was given as: “ "music" includes sounds wholly or ” predominantly characterised by the emission of a succession of repetitive beats. — Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994[10] Sections 63, 64 & 65 of the Act targeted electronic dance music played at raves. The Criminal Justice and Public Order Act

2

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
empowered police to stop a rave in the open air when a hundred or more people are attending, or where two or more are making preparations for a rave. Section 65 allows any uniformed constable who believes a person is on their way to a rave within a fivemile radius to stop them and direct them away from the area; non-compliant citizens may be subject to a maximum fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale (£1000). The Act was ostensibly introduced because of the noise and disruption caused by all night parties to nearby residents, and to protect the countryside. It has also been claimed that it was introduced to kill a popular youth movement that was taking many drinkers out of town centres, where they would drink taxable alcohol, and into fields to take untaxed drugs and drink free water. After 1993, the main outlet for raves in the UK were a number of licensed venues, amongst them Helter Skelter, Life at Bowlers (Trafford Park, Manchester), The Edge (formerly the Eclipse [Coventry]), The Sanctuary (Milton Keynes) and Club Kinetic.[11] Events proved to be one of the main forces in rave, holding legendary events across the northeast and Scotland. Initially playing techno, breakbeat rave and drum and bass, it later embraced hardcore techno including happy hardcore and bouncy techno. Judgement Day, History of Dance, and now REGENeration continued the Rezerection legacy. Scotland’s clubs, such as the FUBAR in Stirling, Hanger 13 in Ayr, and Nosebleed in Rosyth played important roles in the development of these dance music styles. These were nearly all pay-to-enter events; however, it could be argued that rave organisers saw the writing on the wall and moved towards more organised and "legitimate" venues, enabling a continuation of largescale indoor raves well into the mid-nineties. One might remember that the earliest house and acid house clubs were themselves effectively "nightclubs". Public perception of raves was also overshadowed in the press by the 1995 death of Leah Betts, a teenager who died after taking ecstasy; journalists and billboard campaigns emphasized the element of drug use, even though Betts actually died from water intoxication, not an ecstasy overdose, and her death occurred at a party in her own home, not a rave. Genuine illegal raves have continued throughout the UK to this day, and

Rave
unlicenced parties have been organised in venues including disused quarries, warehouses, and condemned night clubs. The rise of the Internet has both helped and hindered the cause, with much wider and more accessible communication resulting in bigger parties, but consequently increasing the risk of police involvement.[12] The 2006 M.I.A. song "XR2" is an ode to the rave scene of early 1990s London.

Continental Europe
See also: Love Parade, Hardcore techno, Gabber, and Electronic body music By 1987, a German party scene based around the Chicago House sound was well established. The following year (1988) saw acid house making as significant an impact on popular consciousness in Germany as it had in England.[13] In 1989 German DJs Westbam and Dr. Motte established ‘UFO’, an illegal party venue, and co-founded the Love Parade.[14]On the 3rd of October 1990 the Berlin Wall fell, free underground techno parties mushroomed in East Berlin, and a rave scene comparable to that in the UK was established.[14] East German DJ Paul van Dyk has remarked that the techno based rave scene was a major force in reestablishing social connections between East and West Germany during the unification period. [15] In 1991, a number of party venues closed, including UFO, and the Berlin Techno scene centred itself around three locations close to the foundations of the Berlin Wall: the ‘EWerk’, ‘Der Bunker’, and the now legendary ‘Tresor’. [16] In the same period German DJs began intensifying the speed and abrasiveness of the sound, as an acid infused techno began transmuting into hardcore.[17] This emerging sound was influenced by Dutch gabber and Belgium hardcore; styles that were in their own perverse way paying homage to Underground Resistance and Richie Hawtin’s Plus 8 Records. Other influences on the development of this style were European Electronic Body Music groups of the mid 1980s such as DAF, Front 242, and Nitzer Ebb.[18] In Germany, fans referred to this sound as "Tekkno" (or "Bretter").[14] Across Europe, rave culture was becoming part of a new youth movement. DJs and electronic-music producers such as Westbam proclaimed the existence of a "raving society" and promoted electronic music as legitimate competition for rock and roll. Indeed,

3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
electronic dance music and rave subculture became mass movements. Raves had tens of thousands of attendees, youth magazines featured styling tips, and television networks launched music magazines on house and techno music. The annual Love Parade festivals in Berlin (in the Metropolitan Ruhr area onwards) attracted more than one million party-goers between 1997 and 2000. Meanwhile, the more commercial sound of hardcore, and happy hardcore, topped the music charts across Europe.

Rave
• - to make peace with all people around them • - to stay close to all people and care for them unconditionally • - to stand together for the universal cause of peace and love • - to understand the diversities of culture (The word "Responsibility" was added to the acronym PLUR during the mid to late 90s to promote awareness of increased drug overdoses at raves) Groups that have addressed drug use at raves include the Electronic Music Defense and Education Fund (EMDEF)[1], DanceSafe[2], and the Toronto Raver Info Project[3], all of which advocate harm reduction approaches to enjoying a rave. American ravers, following their early UK & European counterparts, have been compared to both the hippies of the 1960s and the new wavers of the 1980s, due to their interest in non-violence and music. In contrast to many other "youth cultures," older people are often active members of the U.S. scene and are well represented at events. Certain facets of dance music culture in the UK, Europe and globally, are also welcoming to the older generation (especially the free party/squat party/gay scenes). However, rave and club culture remains on the whole very much a youth-driven movement in terms of its core fan base. Although rave parties are commonly associated with illegal activities (e.g. drug use), it should be noted that raves themselves are (often) legal gatherings. West Coast scene In late 80s and early 90s, there was a boom in rave culture in the Bay Area. At first, small underground parties sprung up all over the SOMA district in vacant warehouses, loft spaces, and clubs like DV8 and 1015 Folsom, and basement of Jessie Street that had permits to run to 6am as long as no alcohol was served. The zero alcohol rule fueled the ecstasy-driven parties to a much larger crowd, and soon followed were the first large scale raves. Every weekend a few hundred revelers would show up at venues like the Townsend warehouse, the King Street garage, and other mid-size warehouse’s located in the SOMA and south San Francisco area. Rave crew’s started to become famous not only for their quality of music and the smoothness of the parties thrown but also for

Regional expansion
America
The upsurge in popularity of rave culture in the United States at a certain period in time often lends it characteristics common to a ’movement’ or subculture. Starting in the late 80s, rave culture began to filter through from English ex-pats and DJs who would visit Europe. Promoters like Dave and Patti Ryan of Life and CPU101 in Los Angeles, Storm Raves(F.Bones & crew) and Matt E. Silver in New York, DJ Mystic Bill of Vibe Alive in Chicago, and Kurt of "Drop Bass" and "Furthur Festivals" of Milwaukee were among some of the few successful promoters doing most popular raves in heavy attendance early on. American underground rave DJs from that time who would go onto international celebrity include artists like Moby, Josh Wink, DJ Keoki, Plastikman (Richie Hawtin), DJ Carlos Soul Slinger, Frankie Bones(The god father of the American rave scene), Doc Martin and others. During this time publications such as Milwaukee’s "Massive Magazine", Chicago’s "Reactor" and "A Thousand Words" Chad, Los Angeles’ "Urb", and San Francisco’s "XLR8R" magazines helped spread the scene from coast to coast and abroad. One of the first rave websites with event listings, music info and chemical information was hyperreal.org The popularity of rave music within the mainstream started in early to mid 1990s with such artists as Rozalla, Praga Khan, The Prodigy and The Shamen among others. Because the movement and music both embrace and incorporate so many different elements, a common thread can be hard to find. Some cultural tenets associated with rave culture are:

4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
the ’vibe’. Crews grew to legendary status at this time: ’the gathering’, ’toontown’, ’wiked’, ’rave called sharon’, ’the church’, and ’osmosis’. Small underground raves were just starting out and expanding beyond SF to include the east bay, the south bay area including San Jose, Santa Clara, and Santa Cruz beaches (where the notorious ’full moon raves’ took place at Bonny Dune beach every month). In late 1991 raves started to explode across northern California, and cities like Sacramento, Oakland, Silicon Valley were taking off every weekend. This proved to be the turning point in NorCal’s rave history. No longer were raves a secret, where one had to know the right people to gain access to map points. Now rave flyers were to be found up and down the Haight Street at stores like Anubis Warpus, Ameboa clothes, Behind The Post Office, and newly opened Housewares. Raves were exploding at an enormous rate and no longer were hundreds of revelers heading out, now there were thousands of ravers living for every weekend. The second generation of raves were just starting to be realized. ’Toontown’s NYE 91 rave, which took place in the basement of the Fashion Center in SF was the first ’true’ massive in the bay area. Over 8,000 people helped welcome in the new year and at the same time put SF as a must visit city for the burgeoning world wide rave scene. Similarly, a year later, "The Gathering’ held NYE 92 in Vallejo, and over 12,000 people attended. The massive parties were taking place every weekend now from such disparate locations as outdoor fields to airplane hangars and hilltops that surrounded the valley. San Francisco has long been a mecca for ravers from all over the world, and true to form, a lot of the early promoters and DJs were from the UK and Europe. For almost ten years since the initial raves took place, one could find up to 2 to 4 parties happening a weekend and sometimes on the same night. There was no curfew in place, which allowed the SF scene to explode by the late 90’s when venues would have up to 20,000 people every weekend; ’homebase’, and ’85 & Baldwin’ were the largest venues to be used in the Bay Area). Many amazing venues were used by crews that held clout or members that were tied to the city or knew the appropriate ways to navigate the permit maze. Thus, in the late

Rave
90’s some of the most memorable raves took place in locations such as the SOMA art museum, ’Where the wild things are’ museum on top of the Sony metreon, and in the venerable Maritime hall that was used for many parties from 98-02. Some old locations appeared again brand new, such as the concourse that saw thousands of ravers in 92, now saw the same amount in late 99. The galleria that once held a ’concert’ in 92 with artists such as Moby, Aphex twin, Prodigy, Space time continuum, was now used for a few one offs that utilized all 5 floors of the building with a different music style on each floor! The mid part of the 90’s saw a general loss of the first generation of ravers that graduated into the real world of jobs and responsibilities, and the scene took a short dive. In this time, however, a new West coast sound was formed and developed by dj’s such as jeno, tony, spun, galen, solar, harry who?, rick preston to name but a few. Venues and parties such as Stompy, Harmony, CloudFactory, Cyborganic lounge, Acme warehouse among many others started to fuse the breakbeat sound from hardcore trax with the more melodic pace of house. West coast funky breakbeat was born from this and stormed the dance scene. Tracks such as Simon’s ’2 crates’, E.B.E’s first record, astral matrix ’do it’, and many, many more took the scene by storm. By the end of ’94 all the people that had left a gap in the rave scene in ’93 were long forgotten as twice as many people now found the new sounds completely and utterly funky. The LA Scene had pomoters such as Vince Bannon and Phil Blaine throw gigs for Electronic acts like 808 State, Aphex Twin, Prodigy, and Massive Attack to name a few. This time period saw the rise of the many facets of EDM. Now all jungle raves, or cybertrance, or breakbeat, or just good house could be enjoyed by anyone willing to go out to any of these parties. Gone were the days of a basement, and red light and a feeling. Now one could pick an upscale club, or a warehouse, or illegal outdoors as many crews sprung forward and blossomed. Promoters started to take notice and put together the amazing massives of the late 90’s with all these music forms and more under one roof for 12 hours of dancing bliss. it was not unheard of for almost 20,000 people to pack homebase, or 85th/Baldwin for a nite of

5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
eternal dancing. SF was now a fabled and much talked about destination around the states, if not the world. Dj’s from all corners of the globe scrambled to play in SF. The year 2000 saw the demise of massive raves as curfews were placed on permits handed out to promoters throwing parties. Instead of all night and into the next day, parties now had to end at 2 a.m. Two of the largest venues closed down soon after, and there wasn’t enough momentum to sustain parties that catered to tens of thousands of people. As if a nail was drove into the coffin of the SF rave scene, the homebase warehouse that held parties from 96-00 burned down to the ground in a spectacular 6 alarm fire in 04. Smaller, intimate venues continued just like they had from the start, and underground raves became the norm in the years after the tech boom of the 1990s. While San Francisco may never have another hey-day with raves that had thousands upon thousands of people, and DJs from all over the world playing for eager crowds, it still maintains a much smaller but dedicated cadre of various crews, DJs, promoters and producers. Every weekend, many events are still dedicated to the various forms of electronic music across the greater Bay Area. Venues like 1015 folsom that was there from the beginning (a rave called sharon ’candyland’ was thrown in the basement after the 2am crowd left the club in 91), now are super-clubs drawing the huge talent found all over the world. whether raves survive as initially is up to the people that are know holding the reins, but the music is still being heard all over the city, and more importantly the entire bay area. Through the mid 90’s and into the 00’s the city of Seattle also shared in the tradition of West Coast rave culture. Though a smaller scene compared to San Francisco, Seattle also had many different rave crews, promoters, Djs, and fans. Candy Raver style, friendship, and culture became particularly popular in the West Coast rave scene, both in Seattle and San Francisco. At the peak of West Coast rave, Candy Raver, and massive rave popularity (1996-1999,) it was common to meet groups of ravers, promoters, and Djs who frequently travelled between Seattle and San Francisco, which spread the overall sense of West Coast rave culture and the phenomenon of West Coast massives.

Rave
Mid-west scene Grave Rave, on 11 October 1992 marked the first major party crack down in the mid-west, when 973 people were arrested for attending a party at a warehouse in Milwaukee’s Third Ward. Following the crackdown, most raves were promoted via fliers and distributed a phone number with an informational voice message. On the day of the party, the message changed to give the location of the map point. Upon showing up at the map point, ravers were able to purchase a map and ticket to the party. Midwest parties were commonly held at barns, camp grounds, and warehouses. In 1995 the Detroit Police Department began sending the gang squad in to raid the parties with an unnecessary level of violence. Map points were moved, and shuttling in from remote parking lots didn’t stop them. The major destructive force wasn’t the police though, but the movement into legal clubs where adding alcohol changed the entire attitude and vibe of the community. U.S. rave culture on the Northeast Coast and Midwest in the 90s was unique in that the majority of ravers were young (under 25), and rejected the alcohol- and sex-based mainstream culture of clubs and bars. By staging and attending raves in unlikely and non-traditional places (either legally or not), Northeast Coast U.S. ravers avoided the prevalent alcohol- and sex-based culture that use to be predominant. There is a common conception among some parts of the country, especially the Northeast, that raves were a 1990s fad, with the common quip "People still go to raves?" The popularity of rave music and the culture of it continues to grow, especially in the Pacific Northwest, Northeastern United States and in places like Southern Florida and Mendota Heights. No longer considering itself as a "rave" scene, unless using the term "rave" in a sarcastic, yet, nostalgic way, Detroit has a very committed fan base for all-night Techno events, better known as "parties." The history of Techno music’s origins and connotations still linger in Detroit and continue to inspire die-hard devotees who produce and progress the ideals of Techno and House gatherings under underground circumstances and production teams which are unique to Detroit. The Detroit Electronic Music Festival

6

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(DEMF) is an opportunity for visiting Techno tourists to experience the vibe of Detroit "parties," but the Detroit "party" scene continues year round for the locals who have, in many cases, been raised in the spirit and tradition of the Detroit Techno scene, usually for ten years or more.

Rave
attention. However, this wasn’t always the case. During the late 90s and early 2000s, the Toronto rave scene was one of the largest in the world attracting international talent and worldwide attention. Many events were held at the Better Living Centre at the Canadian National Exhibition grounds and at the International Centre near Toronto’s airport. These events often attracted upwards of 20,000 people and would happen almost every weekend. Many other smaller events also happened every weekend along with the bigger events. Among the larger promoters were entities such as Pleasure Force, Chemistry, Destiny, Nitrous, Atlantis, Syrous, Delirium, Dose, Better Days, and Citrus; smaller promoters included Exodus, Sykosis, Infinity, Transcendence, Alien Visitation, and others. As the decade drew to a close, Toronto’s rave scene began to suffer as increased scrutiny from public officials and the local media began to exert pressure on the scene as a result of the high profile drug death of Allen Ho at a rave in an underground parking garage in 1999. This made throwing large events in Toronto more difficult. Eventually, almost all the major rave promoters in Toronto quit throwing events with the exception of a few including Destiny productions and Hullabaloo productions, both of which continue today in some form. Since then, Toronto has seen a rebirth in the popularity of dance music but in a different form than in the past. Most Rave type events happen inside clubs such as The Guvernment, The Docks and the Big Bop. These venues still attract international talent each week and can still draw thousands of attendees for the larger events. These venues cater to Toronto’s dance scene, which is more splintered than it once was, with events that specialize in dance music sub genres such as Jungle, Breaks, Happy Hardcore, Techno and Trance. Sometimes events will cater to multiple genres such as Destiny productions which specializes in Jungle and Trance. Destiny is also known for hosting the "World Electronic Music Festival" that occurs in southern Ontario annually, in mid summer, which consists of a 3 day and 2 night campout style, multi-stage electronic music festival. It attracts large numbers of people from Canada as well as other countries such as the United States and UK. There is also an underground Freetekno scene in Toronto and

Canada
Rave culture in Canada is more pervasive than in the USA. Raves have become increasingly mainstream, especially in Montreal as well as the rest of the province of Quebec, with large commercial raves attracting major international DJs and much media attention. Commercial Raves in Canada are concentrated in Montreal, Toronto, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Calgary, Vancouver and Winnipeg, with the exception of house raves which can be found in smaller cities. Certain "raves", such as the Montreal Black and Blue even attract government funding from all levels of government; municipal, provincial and federal, as they are deemed to be cultural events. On 10 February 2007 indie rap duo Grand Buffet stated they had played a rave in Montreal. The Bal en Blanc is another event in Montreal that attracts a wide variety of attendees from a wide demographic spectrum. These events have often been hailed as the biggest parties in the world, attracting more than 16,000 at a time. They are often held in government-run facilities such as the Montreal Olympic Stadium and the Montreal Convention Centre. Montreal welcomes also more underground parties, none-commercial Raves, known from the Ravers as REAL Rave partie, as they are underground, small (between 200 to 800 people)and the place only annonced 24h in advanced through "info-lines".Those underground parties were dominating until around 1996 when bigger parties began such as Black & Blue and came along with more than Ravers, but also the common citizen which was not well seen as the Ravers community had a specific taste in music, specific style, but mostly a specific "way of life". The "commercial business" was taking rights on their events.With the coming of other communities, we began to see more violence between partiers since, unlike Ravers, they don’t apply the PLUR (Peace Love Unity Respect). In Toronto, raves remain more underground and only events catering to the gay community attract more mainstream

7

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Montreal which organizes free events in obscure locations in Ontario and Quebec. In Vancouver or the British Columbia area raves tend to be slightly more mainstream than in Toronto, but less so than in Montreal. Two mainstream Raves take place in Popkum, the first being the Apex Project, Which took place 4 August 2007. The SummerBreak Rave on 18 August 2007 even hosted a hiphop lineup with Lil John, Swollen Members, Snoop Dogg and more. Other big raves in Vancouver are thrown by Solid Entertainment are held the PNE Colliseum. Dooms Night, I.M.F, NYE, and Fusion Dreams all attract over 5000 people. All three cities have a burgeoning underground rave culture with smaller, less commercial events held in underground venues, attracting the usual crowds associated with the rave subculture, such as new wavers and hippies

Rave

Brunswick Street Free Rave 1994 Raves flourished in Australia where raves were generally called Dance Parties. In Sydney from 1983 Rat Parties saw the opening up of Sydney’s underground gay dance party scene to a broader community where it found an enormous appetite. By 1990 the standard setting Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras party, it’s winter offshoot Sleazeball and the regular Rat Parties which ran until 1992, were attracting huge crowds of gays and straights alike, while young entreprenuers behind events like FUN, Sweatbox and Bacchanalia were booking inner city warehouses and tired old venues and transforming them into vibrant, packed party palaces. In Melbourne, the underground dance style called the "Melbourne Shuffle" originated at these parties. Some early parties such as Every Picture Tells A Story were broadcast live on free-to-air television from the party’s own TV station. The Melbourne raves tended to have a greater amount of artwork, video art, decor and performance as the underground arts community of Melbourne was heavily involved in producing the parties. Fashion was also a very important component, as many party goers were in the fashion industry which is very large in Melbourne, and they designed and made their own ’party’ clothes and accessories. The parties became a fashion show for the designers and created strong retail sales for their works. Often outstanding dancers were sponsored to wear designers’ ranges at parties. The Melbourne underground rave community was very large with its own street press, radio stations, TV shows, clothing shops, bars, cafes, theaters, performance venues, record labels, clothing labels, and

Candy Ravers @ Project Plur (Montreal, March 2008) Candy ravers usually dress up in wild clothes consisting of bright colours, fluffy leg warmers for the girls and ‘phat’ (excessively flared) pants for the guys. They are also the major users of glow sticks and are regarded as having started the Chupa Chup lollipop phenomenon. These two items represent what Hebdige refers to as the magical appropriation of “humble objects” [in Brookman, 1998:51] that express resistance in a form of code, and act to reinforce the ‘subordinate’ status of the group. There is however a practical aspect to the use of Chupa Chups at raves, to prevent involuntary teeth grinding as a side effect of ecstasy use.

Australia

8

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
free street raves such as the Brunswick Street festival (pictured) which regularly drew crowds of 100,000 people. Driven by a need to be away from residential areas due to noise pollution complaints of residents, the Australian rave scene held their events in industrial areas. For the Sydney rave scene the industrial areas of the Western suburbs were quite common in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Following the 2000 Sydney Olympics the Sydney Olympic Park at Homebush proved a popular venue as it had ample large warehouse space available and the advantage of no close by residential areas. The "superdome" at Olympic Park has hosted a number of events due to the large capacity. Events at these venues often have ample room for amusement rides, open air "chill out" areas and food stalls. Several amusement parks have hosted dance party events (Wonderland Sydney and Luna Park Sydney). In Victoria, the dockland areas of Melbourne hosted numerous raves in the 90s. Bushland areas out side of Melbourne provided doof venues, notably Mt Disappointment for Earthcore and Kryal Castle just outside of Ballarat. The Newcastle Rave scene made use of unused warehouses in the Newcastle CBD and at licensed entertainment venues throughout the late 90s and early 2000s. Events such as "Vital beats" and under-age dance parties were held in these venues. Another style which originated in Melbourne is the Melbourne Shuffle. The Australian rave scene has a cousin in the Doof party scene. Although the rave scene attracts a younger, city-based crowd the Doof party events are a more "hippy" or alternative crowd. Warehouse parties in Sydney also shared the common theme of electronic music, although of a more house music style than the hardcore or trance found at Australian raves. The Perth rave scene has been dominated since the early to mid 90’s by the sounds of Break beat, jungle and Drum & Bass. DJ’s such as Hutcho, JJ & Greg Packer reigned supreme. Happy Hardcore was huge during the late 90’s due to the popularity of local producer/DJ hero’s Menis, Dair, Kevin, Freestyle, Leroy and massive club, Gravity. Early in the new mellenium saw Hardcore die off and Drum and Bass take centre stage. DJ’s such as Greg Packer, El Hornet & Frantik ruled

Rave
the roost. These trends have changed conciderably since 2006 when the scene became engulfed by the sound of New school UK Hardcore, Hardstyle, Gabber and NRG. DNB still has its place but is not as popular in the All Ages rave scene as it once was. Popular current DJ’s include Rousa, Techen, Beni C, Luminate, ST, Whiskey, Pace, Daze, Access & J.Nitrous. Special mention must go to Hutcho and Greg Packer as they have been at the top of the Perth DJ ladder scince the Perth rave’s inception.

South Africa
The first mega-rave in South Africa was held in a warehouse on Cape Town’s foreshore. Dubbed the World Peace Party, it featured a cross-over crowd of Cape Flats rappers, fashionistas and clubbers dancing to rave music and progressive house. The first electronic South African Bands who performed live at the Raves were the Kraftreaktor and The Kiwi Experience. The first large Johannesburg rave was held at an old cinema in Yeoville in early 1992. Amongst the first Johannesburg rave organisers in the early 1990s were Fourth World Productions (responsible for the legendary 1993 nightclub 4th World) World’s End Productions and Damn New Thing Productions.

Developments
In the early 2000s illegal parties still existed, albeit on smaller scales, and the number of sanctioned events seemed to be on the rise. The few constants in the scene include amplified electronic dance music, a vibrant social network built on the ethos of the acronym PLUR, "Peace, Love, Unity, Respect", percussive music and freeform dancing often accompanied by the use of drugs such as ecstasy, methamphetamine, speed and ketamine. However, increased cocaine usage, preponderance of adulterated ecstasy tablets and organized criminal activity has been detrimental to UK-based rave culture, although free parties are now on the rise again. According to some long-time observers, rave music and its subculture began to stagnate by the end of the 1990s. The period of grassroots innovation and explosive growth and evolution was over; the flurry of passionate activity and the sense of international community were fading.

9

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rave

Wonky Disco psytrance Party held in a disused bowling alley in London during April 2007. By the early 2000s, the terms "rave" and "raver" had fallen out of favor among many people in the electronic dance music community, particularly in Europe. Many Europeans returned to identifying themselves as "clubbers" rather than ravers. It became unfashionable among many electronic dance music aficionados to describe a party as a "rave," perhaps because the term had become overused and corrupted. Some communities preferred the term "festival," while others simply referred to "parties." True raves, such as "Mayday," continued to occur for a time in Central Europe, with less constrictive laws allowing raves to continue in some countries long after the death of rave in the United Kingdom. Moreover, traditional rave paraphernalia, such as facemasks, pacifiers, and glowsticks ceased to be popular. Underground sound systems started organising large free parties and called them teknivals. Raves and ravers continued to be targeted by government authorities. For example, following a July 2005 violent raid by police on CzechTek, an annual teknival, the Czech Republic’s Prime Minister Jiří Paroubek said the festival’s attendees were "no dancing children but dangerous people" and that many were "obsessed people with anarchist proclivities and international links," who "provoke massive violent demonstrations, fueled by alcohol and drugs, against the peaceful society."[19] The rave scene has recently revived the old tradition of warehouse parties, with a surge in "old school" club nights, particularly in the jungle music scene, with DJs and

Police in riot gear at the 2005 Czechtek, which was raided after the Czech Prime Minister called the attendees "dangerous people" with "anarchist proclivities" producers who had dropped out of the business playing sets of music from the founding days of their genre, and producing new records in that style. Clubs are increasingly going back to the days of warehouses in terms of styling, rather than the interior designed venues of the late 90s. The music itself has seen a surge in popularity with students who were very young or not even born as yet when rave first became popular. In the northeastern United States, during the mid-2000s, the popularity of Goa (or psytrance) increased tremendously. With the warehouse party scene, the trend is also restarting; cities such as San Francisco have seen a resurgence of warehouse parties since 2003, due in part to Burning Man theme camp fundraiser parties. This contrary belief in the early 2000s was that 2002 would mark the end of the rave (known as party scene at the time), and the scene was over. Raves still continue in hot spots around the U.S. even today, although they might be called "parties" to avoid the negative spin. Examples of this hot spot phenomenon are New Orleans, LA, the west coast of the United States, and south Florida. The mid-late 2000s is being marked as the renaissance of the underground electronic culture. Oddly enough, the majority of US anime conventions hold a rave on Saturday nights, as the techno style of the music and flashing lights are much to the taste of the otaku community. Drugs are generally uncommon or not present at all in these occasions. In Christchurch, New Zealand the mid 2000s saw the emergence of raves targeting

10

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
the youth market. These raves are usually held at warehouse locations and are specifically aimed at people aged 15 years to 20 years old. National and International DJs perform at these events, which can attract up to 1000 young people not yet old enough to attend clubs and bars. Companies such as Nitrate productions and Audiodreams are pioneering alcohol and drug free raves with support from The White Elephant Trust, a non-profit organization that provides First Aid stations, coat check areas, and publication support. In the UK, a new genre of electronic music known as New Rave (a portmanteau of "New Wave" and "rave") has become popular, which combines indie fashion and aesthetic with rave fashion, sound and aesthetic, with paraphernalia such as dayglo and glowsticks becoming fashionable in hip British city clubs. However, the genre has come under attack for being primarily invented by the British music press, particularly the NME, and for over-stylising the original rave ideology. This often held in stark contrast to a lesser known culture of "Neo Rave"; a distinct progression of the original (and current) UK rave scene, taking acid house, jungle and techno parties to extreme levels, and originating directly from the club scene.[20]

Rave
part of a growing college phenomenon. Though the raves are instigated strictly by students, university officials seem to have no problem with these midnight study breaks. Students at DePauw University in Greencastle, IN had their rave shut down before it was even able to take place at the Julian Library on May 13, 2009. A mass email regarding the alleged to-be rave was sent to all students. It read: "Dear Resident Students, A plan for a Rave at Julian has been brought to our attention by other students that are concerned about this event. After research about what the proposed Rave might look like, we want to caution student about participating. Raves at other schools have lead to unsafe behavior and property damage. Students also expressed concern that this would interrupt their studying for final exams and work on final projects. We support their desire for Julian to be a quite and safe place for students to do their academic work, as requested by Student Congress and Student Senate. University staff will be present to observe and record the activity. Please share with other students." It is questionable as to whether this email is to be taken as a joke.

Rave Magazines
During the late 90’s, the US Rave scene selfpublication became a huge part in the way parties were advertised and known of. These publications ranged from a single sheet photocopied "zines" to expensive glossy covered magazines. Each magazine had its own reasons for being and having a dedicated audience that centered around the cities of publication of each magazine. The Midwest was known for its Milwaukee based "Massive Magazine" and Chicago based "Reactor" and "A Thousand Words" photo magazine. On the East Coast you had NYC DJ Heather Heart’s "Under One Sky"(actually started in 1990 or 1991) and a few years later a little magazine called "Vice" that was in the works (Feel free to add here). On the West Coast you had LA based "URB" and "Lotus" magazine and San Francisco based "XLR8R". Abroad you had Germany’s "Frontpage" and "De:Bug" and the United Kingdom’s "Mixmag", "Atmosphere" and "Knowledge" magazines. The latter two dedicated to the UK’s breakbeat and drum n bass markets. Each publication was an essential part of the local Rave scene, and was greatly

College Flash Raves
During the past year, several colleges have staged "Flash Raves" in university libraries during exam week. Originating on December 9, 2008 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, these raves are intended to take away the stress of final exams. These raves last for roughly ten minutes and include blaring techno music, crowded dancing, hundreds to thousands of students, crowd surfing, beach balls, and often glow-sticks. On December 12, 2008, the University of Virginia and College of Charleston followed suit by throwing their own raves in university libraries. Recently, another rave broke out at UNC Chapel Hill’s larger Davis Library on April 30, 2009, boasting over 3,000 students. On May 6, 2009, a reported 2,200 students showed up for a rave at the J.D. Williams Library on the campus of the University of Mississippi. Students at the University of Missouri also held an outdoor flash rave on May 11, 2009. These raves may have first appeared only recently, but are most certainly

11

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
appreciated by many ravers. Each issue contained interviews with artists that weren’t known in commercial publications. Most of these magazines started as free enterprises, usually surviving only on an advertising revenue based model. Later on, some magazines such as "Urb" and "Xlr8r" were able to legitimize and become proper publications that can now be found at local bookstores. While others like "Massive Magazine" ended with a fire consuming their offices in the winter of 2004 destroying all the films and back issues making issues of "Massive Magazine" a piece of must have nostalgia fetching prices of up to $100 dollars for any early back issues on Ebay.

Rave
during rave parties has been presented as evidence of illegal drug use.[21] Other types of lightshows include LED lights, flashlights and blinking strobe lights. LEDs come in various colors with different settings. The "low intensity" setting causes a strobe effect, leaving trails of dots, while "high intensity" leaves a solid line. The most common LED lights at parties are Inova micro lights or lights by LRI such as the Photon Freedom or Rav’n lights. There are many techniques used to make the lights "flow" with the music in order to "trip" the person who is receiving. The most basic lightshow move is the figure-eight followed by the circle. There are also combination methods where the lightshower holds a glowstick in each hand as well as LED lights. Regardless, glowsticks and LEDs can be used at raves for interesting dance effects, because most raves (except some open air raves, e.g. technoparades) are held in dark or nearly dark rooms. Because rave parties are popular with people who wish to show off their dancing, glowsticks can be an ancillary material for creative freestyle dance. LED’s and glowsticks now not only show up at most every rave event, but also are becoming more prominent at many techno and electro clubs.

Glowsticking

Drug use
In the U.S., the mainstream media and law enforcement agencies have branded the subculture as a purely drug-centric culture similar to the hippies of the 1960s. As a result, ravers have been effectively run out of business in many areas.[22] Although they continue everywhere, most notably the Winter Music Conference in Florida, most other areas have been relegated to word-of-mouthonly underground parties and nightclub events. In some parts of Europe, raves are common and mainstream, particularly Germany, where the rave scene is most popular in the world. Groups that have addressed drug use at raves include the Electronic Music Defense and Education Fund (EMDEF), The Toronto Raver Info Project, and DanceSafe, all of which advocate harm reduction approaches. Paradoxically, drug safety literature (such as those distributed by DanceSafe) is used as evidence of condoned drug use. Other groups, such as Drug Free America Foundation, Inc., characterize raves as being rife

A basic figure-eight move with both strong lights and slow lights. Some ravers participate in one of two lightoriented dances, called glowsticking and glowstringing, also known as "lightshows". Glowsticks (or "light sticks") purportedly soothe the unfavorable side effects of ecstasy, such as muscle tension. Therefore at some rave places they are presented as "safety materials." The sale of glowsticks

12

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
with gang activity, rave, robbery, and drugrelated deaths. [23] In 2003, the RAVE Act essentially ended raves in the US by associating them to MDMA, and to child abduction (AMBER Alert). In 2005, Antonio Maria Costa, Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, advocated drug testing on highways as a countermeasure against drug use at raves.[24]

Rave
promoter Chris Robertson and a headliner DJ John Digweed. A Midsummer Night’s Rave (2002) - A rave film loosely based on A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Blade - A number of people in a rave club are dancing when they are revealed to be vampires. Many are killed by the "Daywalker", (Blade), when he enters the club. 24 Hour Party People (2002) - a semibiographical comedy/history of the rise of rave / DJ events in the UK through the eyes of one record label, Factory Records, to which Joy Division was signed; Joy Division later became rave music staple New Order. Stark Raving Mad (2002) - Fictional straight-to-DVD film about a heist pulled during a rave. Party Monster (2003) - Fictionalized story of Michael Alig. It’s All Gone Pete Tong (2004) - a 2004 fictional biopic independent film about Frankie Wilde (Paul Kaye), a DJ who goes completely deaf. The title is Cockney rhyming slang for "it’s all gone wrong". Sometimes called rave’s version of This Is Spinal Tap. One Perfect Day (2004) - Australian fictional movie that focuses on the more sleazy side of the rave/club scene, specifically drugs and exploitation, but also about finding an escape and voice through music. Return of the Living Dead: Rave from the Grave, directed by Ellory Elkayem and released in 2005, is the 5th installment of the Return of the Living Dead film series. The Film includes allusions and references to the rave drug culture and its climax occurs at a rave. The Summer Of Rave, 1989 (2006) Documentary by the BBC on the development of rave culture in the United Kingdom during the summer of 1989.[25] Welcome to Wonderland (2006) Documentary about Australia’s outdoor bush rave culture. Rolling- The giddy highs and crushing lows of Ecstasy use are felt by a group of people looking to escape their troubles in this independent drama. It’s Friday night in Los Angeles, and a handful of young hipsters are on their way to a massive rave party at a Los Angeles warehouse.

•

•

•

Films
Including some elements or descriptions of Rave culture. • The Matrix- Throughout all three movies in the trilogy, there are scenes that take place in a rave. • Kids- The essential film on kid culture in NYC. Includes a scene at the Tunnel NYC (Called Nasa for the movie). Directed by Larry Clark and written by then-raver Harmony Korine. • Loved Up (1995) - Directed by Peter Cattaneo for the BBC as part of its Love Bites season of films. Featuring Danny Dyer who subsequently starred in Human Traffic. • Vibrations (1996)- Directed by Michael Paseornek before becoming President of Lions Gate films. Christina Applegate stars as a raver girl who falls for a disabled electronic musician who controls the rave scene with a robotic arm. • Party Monster (1998) - 1998 documentary on Michael Alig, a Club Kid party organizer whose life was sent spiraling down when he bragged on television about killing his drug dealer. • Modulations • Better Living Through Circuitry (1999) - a 1999 documentary about Electronic music and Dance culture. • Human Traffic (1999) - a fictional UK story focusing mostly on drug and club culture, but containing some elements related to Raves. • Go - 1999 film directed by Doug Liman, with three intertwining plots that happen to involve one drug deal. • Groove (2000) - Fictional drama about an underground rave in San Francisco, California and containing many standard elements of raves including multiple DJs over the course of a night, candy kids, a •

• •

•

•

•

•

•

13

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Bad Boys II

Rave
• RAVE Act, an American law targeting raves • Rave Board Game - 1991 board game based on the UK Rave scene • Rave music for music and music styles at raves • Technoshamanism - a technique employed by some ravers, often utilizing electronic music and psychoactive drugs • Tecktonik, a dance style based on rave music, developed in Paris, France and well known throughout Europe • Zippies

See also
• Acid house party - forerunner of raves typically staged in UK warehouses around 1987-89 • Circuit party • Doof • Free party for the modern, illegal version of raves • Massive Magazine - The original US Rave magazine from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. • Melbourne Shuffle a rave dance style culture that has evolved in Melbourne, Australia over the past 15 years • The Masterdome - One of three infamous and untouchable rave venues in Southern California, capable of hosting over 4,000 guests with four separate stages. The main arena was a former boxing ring with a recessed dance floor for 2,000 dancers and bleachers on each side capable of seating up to 300 per side, with a stage on one end and the entrance and lobby at the other. The lobby had a water booth immediately inside the entrance, and an off-set room for about 200 guests and restrooms to the side. The back parking lot was capable of hosting two stages and 1500 guests. Its’ roof collapsed in late 2001 (not during an event) and the building was demolished by 2002. The owner, Ezzat Solimon also owns The Showcase Theatre (Corona, CA) - Soma (San Diego, CA) - Whiskey A-Go-Go (Hollywood, CA.) • Return To The Masterdome A Legacy Reunion Party, held annually post the venue’s closure at similar structures or large capacity venues. Each year drew 3,000-4,000 guest and 50 old-school DJ’s known as RESIDENTS to the weekly attendees of the original venue in San Bernardino from 1995-2001. Produced by TYCO Events, and original management of the original venue. • Merry Pranksters, Their early escapades were best chronicled by Tom Wolfe in The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test • New Rave a new genre of music mixing elements of rave culture, disco and rock • Rat Parties - when Sydney’s gay dance party scene opened up to the broader community in the 1980s

References
[1] ^ "The Problem of Rave Parties", Michael S. Scott, Center for Problem Oriented Policing, 2009, webpage: popcrave. [2] ^ "Rave", Free Dictionary, www.thefreedictionary.com/rave . [3] Simon Parkin (May 1999). "Visual Energy". http://hyperreal.org/raves/ database/visuale/ve1.htm. [4] ^ Helen Evans. "OUT OF SIGHT, OUT OF MIND: An Analysis of Rave culture". http://hehe.org.free.fr/hehe/texte/rave/ #hist. Retrieved on 2007-10-25. "The term rave first came into use in late 50’s Britain as a name for the wild bohemian parties of the time." [5] "artistsavailable.html". Rock Artist Management. http://www.rockartistmanagement.com/ rockandbluesartists.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-26. [6] "Keith Moon’s Drumkits: Borrowed/Hired Kits". Whotabs. http://www.thewho.net/ whotabs/equipment/drums/equipmoondrumsborrowed.html#s1966premierkit. Retrieved on 2007-10-26. "Photo published in Rave magazine in December 1966." [7] "Tracks Rave Magazines Rave Magazines". Tracks Online Store. http://www.tracks.co.uk/acatalog/ Rave_Magazines.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-26. [8] "Unit Delta Plus". Delia Derbyshire. http://www.delia-derbyshire.org/ unitdeltaplus.php. Retrieved on 2007-10-25. "Perhaps the most famous event that Unit Delta Plus participated in was the 1967 Million Volt Light and

14

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rave

Sound Rave at London’s Roundhouse, Zurich: Verlag Ricco Bilger)Techno. organised by designers Binder, Edwards Reinbek: Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag. and Vaughan (who had previously been [18] Reynolds, S.(1998), Energy Flash: a hired by Paul McCartney to decorate a Journey Through Rave Music and Dance piano). The event took place over two Culture, Pan Macmillan, (p. 110). nights (January 28th and February 4th [19] "Czech PM defends rave crackdown". 1967) and included a performance of BBC. 2005-08-02. http://news.bbc.co.uk/ tape music by Unit Delta Plus, as well as 2/hi/europe/4738371.stm. a playback of the legendary Carnival of [20] "The Rebirth of Rave". Light, a fourteen minute sound collage http://www.ravetalk.co.uk/ assembled by McCartney around the bangface1.shtml. time of the Beatles’ Penny Lane [21] "Fight For Your Right to Wave Glow sessions." Sticks: ACLU Wins Victory in New [9] ^ Timeline and numbers Reynolds, Orleans Rave Case". Drug War Facts. Simon (1998). Generation Ecstasy: into http://www.stopthedrugwar.org/ the world of techno and rave culture. chronicle/201/glowsticks.shtml. Picador. ISBN 0-330-35056-0. [22] "Media Awareness Project". [10] "Public Order: Collective Trespass or http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v01/ Nuisance on Land - Powers to remove n817/a11.html?. trespassers on land - Powers to remove [23] "Raves and Paraphernalia". persons attending or preparing for a http://www.dfaf.org/familyguide/ rave". Criminal Justice and Public Order raves.php. "In today’s culture it is not Act 1994. Her Majesty’s Stationery uncommon for gang violence to take Office. 1994. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/ place at these events – a kind of "turf acts/acts1994/ war"." ukpga_19940033_en_8#pt5-pb2. [24] "UN Drug Officials Discuss Issues and Retrieved on 2008-06-09. Challenges at 48th Session of [11] "REZERECTION - THE OFFICIAL Commission on Narcotic Drugs". United WEBSITE (z)". Nations Information Service. http://www.rezerection.net/main.html. http://www.unis.unvienna.org/unis/ Retrieved on 2007-10-25. pressrels/2005/unisnar891.html. "He [12] "2007 - police close down illegal rave". also offered support for drug testing on http://www.whathappenedlastnight.net/ highways and in sensitive industries, and manchester/news/ called for action on the dangers of Raves, Illegal%20rave%20attracts%20undesirables. international drug festivals fuelled by [13] Short excerpt from special on German ecstasy and other synthetic drugs." "Tele 5" from Dec.8, 1988. The show is [25] "Jacques Peretti: History in the called "Tanzhouse" hosted by a young remaking". http://www.guardian.co.uk/ Fred Kogel. It includes footage from media/2006/jun/10/tvandradio.theguide. Hamburg’s "Front" with Boris Dlugosch, Retrieved on 17-12-2008. Kemal Kurum’s "Opera House" and the "Prinzenbar". [14] ^ Robb, D. (2002), Techno in Germany: • Matthew Collin. Altered State: The Story Its Musical Origins and Cultural of Ecstasy and Acid House. London: 1997 : Relevance, German as a Foreign Serpent’s Tail – How rave dances began in Language Journal, No.2, 2002, (p. 134). Manchester, England in the Summer of [15] Messmer, S. (1998), 1988 (the Second Summer of Love) and Eierkuchensozialismus, TAZ, 10.7.1998, the aftermath. ISBN 1-85242-604-7 (p. 26). • Simon Reynolds. Generation Ecstasy: Into [16] Henkel, O.; Wolff, K. (1996) Berlin the world of techno and rave culture. New Underground: Techno und Hiphop; York: Little, Brown and Company, 1998. Zwischen Mythos und Ausverkauf, ISBN 0-316-74111-6 Berlin: FAB Verlag, (pp. 81-83). • Brian L. Ott and Bill D. Herman. Excerpt [17] Schuler, M.(1995),Gabber + from Mixed Messages: Resistance and Hardcore,(p. 123), in Anz, P.; Walder, P. Reappropriation in Rave Culture. 2003. [4] (Eds) (1999 rev. edn, 1st publ. 1995,

Further reading

15

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Evans, Helen. Out of Sight, Out of Mind: An Analysis of Rave culture. Wimbledon School of Art, London. 1992. Includes bibliography through 1994. • St John, Graham (ed). 2004. Rave Culture and Religion. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0415314496

Rave
• mixed tapes and rave culture in early 1990’s Los Angeles • Rave Footage from 1988 - 1994 • - History of the Northeast of England Rave Scene 1990+ • Rave Culture • Rave FAQ from 1995. • Regional community links at the Open Directory Project • XLR8R Magazine

External links
• Zines, flyers and mixtapes from 1990-1999

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rave" Categories: Parties, Electronic music, Dance culture, Electronic music festivals, Musical subcultures This page was last modified on 21 May 2009, at 15:55 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

16


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:695
posted:5/22/2009
language:English
pages:16