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Joe Strummer

Joe Strummer
Joe Strummer Notable instrument(s) Fender Telecaster

John Graham Mellor (21 August 1952 – 22 December 2002), better known by his stage name Joe Strummer, was the co-founder, lyricist, rhythm guitarist and lead singer of the English punk rock band The Clash. He was also a member of the The 101’ers, The Mescaleros and, temporarily, The Pogues.

The early years 1952-1976
Joe Strummer was born as John Graham Mellor in Ankara, Turkey on 21 August 1952. His mother Anna Mackenzie, a crofter’s daughter and one of nine children born and raised in the Scottish Highlands, was a nurse. His father Ronald Mellor, was a British foreign-service diplomat born in Lucknow, India. Ronald Mellor had an Armenian maternal grandfather and a German Jewish paternal grandmother. [1] The family spent much time moving from Background information place to place, and Strummer spent his childhood in places such as Cairo, Mexico City, John Graham Mellor Birth name and Bonn. At the age of 9, Strummer and his 21 August 1952(1952-08-21) Born older brother David, 10, began boarding at Ankara, Turkey the City of London Freemen’s School in Surrey. Strummer rarely saw his parents during London, England Origin this time. He developed a love of rock music 22 December 2002 (aged 50) Died listening to records by Little Richard and The Broomfield, Somerset, England Beach Boys as well as American folk-singer Punk rock, Rock and roll, Reggae, Woody Guthrie (Strummer would even go by Genre(s) World music, various genres the nickname "Woody" for a few years). By 1970 his brother David had become esOccupation(s) Musician, Actor tranged from his family and had joined the Instrument(s) Vocals, Guitar, Piano National Front. His suicide in July of that year profoundly affected Strummer, as did 1973 – 2002 Years active having to identify his body after it had lain CBS, Sony, Hellcat Label(s) undiscovered for three days.[1] After finishing The 101ers Associated his time at City of London Freemen’s School, The Clash acts Ashtead Park, Surrey, in 1970, Strummer The Latino Rockabilly War moved on to London’s Central Saint Martins The Pogues College of Art and Design, where he briefly The Mescaleros flirted with the idea of becoming a Website sional cartoonist, but ultimately completed a


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foundations course.[2] During this time, Mellor shared a flat in the north London suburb of Palmers Green with friends Clive Timperley and Tymon Dogg. In 1973 Strummer moved to Newport, Wales to attend the Newport College of Art, but soon dropped out.[3] While there, he joined up with some friends to form a band called The Vultures.[2] This band included three former members of Rip Off Park Rock & Roll Allstars, the original college band cofounded by Terry Earl Taylor. For the next year he was the band’s part-time singer and rhythm guitarist. During this time Strummer also worked as a gravedigger. In 1974, the band fell apart and he moved back to London where he met up again with Tymon Dogg. He busked on the streets for a while and then decided to form another band with his West London roommates. The band was called The 101’ers,[2] named after the address of their squat (101 Walterton Road, in Maida Vale).[3][4] The band played many gigs in London pubs, playing covers of popular American R&B and blues songs. In 1975 he stopped calling himself "Woody" Mellor and adopted the stage name of Joe Strummer, and insisted that his friends call him by that name. The name "Strummer" apparently referred to his role as rhythm guitarist, in a rather self-deprecating way. Though lefthanded, he was taught to play right-handed by his friend Tymon Dogg; this hampered his abilities somewhat and confined him to strumming chords. Strummer was the lead singer of the 101’ers and began to write original songs for the group. One song he wrote was inspired by his girlfriend at the time, Slits drummer Palmolive. The group liked the song "Keys to Your Heart", and picked it as their first single.

Joe Strummer
The band was named The Clash by Simonon and made their debut on 4 July 1976, opening for the Sex Pistols at The Black Swan (a.k.a. The Mucky Duck, now known as the Boardwalk Sheffield, England).[4] On 25 January 1977 the band signed with CBS Records and was now a three-piece after Levene was fired from the band and Chimes quit. Drummer Topper Headon later became the band’s fulltime drummer. The Clash are considered one of the most overtly political, explosive and exciting bands in rock and roll history.[5] Their songs tackled social decay, unemployment, racism, police brutality, political and social repression, and militarism in detail. Strummer was involved with the Anti-Nazi League and Rock Against Racism campaigns. He later also gave his support to the Rock Against the Rich series of concerts organised by the anarchist organisation Class War. The Clash’s London Calling album was voted best album of the 1980s by Rolling Stone magazine (although it was released in late 1979 in the UK, it was released in 1980 in the USA).[6] The Clash’s influence can be clearly heard in countless subsequent rock bands. During his time with The Clash, Strummer, along with his bandmates, became notorious for getting in trouble with the law. On 10 June 1977, he and Topper were arrested for spray-painting "The Clash" on a wall in a hotel. On 20 May 1980, he was arrested for hitting a violent member of the audience with his guitar during a show in Hamburg, Germany. This incident shocked Strummer, and had a lasting personal impact on him.[7] “ I nearly murdered somebody, and it made me realise that you can’t face violence with violence. It doesn’t work. ”

The Clash 1976-1986
On 3 April 1976, a then-unknown band called the Sex Pistols opened for The 101’ers at a venue called "The Nashville Rooms" in London, and Strummer was impressed by them.[2] Sometime after this show, Strummer was approached by Bernie Rhodes and Mick Jones. Jones was from the band London SS and wanted Strummer to join as lead singer. Strummer agreed to join just as the group was breaking up, but he formed a new band with Jones, bassist Paul Simonon, drummer Terry Chimes and guitarist Keith Levene.[4]

—Joe Strummer , [7] Before the album Combat Rock was released in 1982, Strummer disappeared from the group after pressure from the group’s manager, Bernie Rhodes, because tickets were selling slowly for the Scottish leg of an upcoming tour. It was planned for Strummer to meet and stay with one of Rhodes’ friends in secret. However, Strummer, uneasy with his decision, decided to genuinely disappear and "dicked around" in France. During this time, Joe ran the Paris Marathon in April 1982. He claimed his training regime consisted of 10 pints of beer the night before the race. For


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this period of time, Joe’s whereabouts were not only a mystery to the public, but the band’s management as well. Joe later said this was a huge mistake and you "have to have some regrets". This was in spite of the popular success of the single "Rock the Casbah". During this time band members began to argue a lot, and with tensions high, the group began to fall apart.[4] In September 1983, Strummer issued the infamous "Clash Communique", and fired Mick Jones.[4] Topper Headon had earlier been kicked out of the band because of his heroin addiction, which now left the band with only two of its original members. Rhodes persuaded Strummer to carry on and added new members.[4] "The Clash Mark Two" released the album Cut The Crap in 1985. The album was panned by fans and critics alike and Strummer disbanded The Clash.

Joe Strummer
resulted in the loss of his contract with Sony Records. He also did the soundtrack to the movie Permanent Record with this band. In 1991 he replaced Shane MacGowan as singer of The Pogues for a tour after MacGowan’s departure from the band. Strummer also produced the Pogues album Hell’s Ditch. On 16 April 1994, Strummer joined Czech-American band Dirty Pictures on stage in Prague at the Repre Club in Obecni Dum at "Rock for Refugees", a benefit concert for people left displaced by the war in Bosnia. Backed up by the Pictures, Strummer played a blistering set of Clash songs that he said he had not played in more than ten years. Although the set appeared impromptu, Joe and the band had spent the days leading up to the event rehearsing and "hanging out" in Prague. After these self-described "wilderness years", Strummer began working with other bands; he played piano on the 1995 UK hit of The Levellers, "Just the One" and appeared on the Black Grape single "England’s Irie" in 1996. In 1997 while in New York City, he had worked with noted producer and engineers Lee Perry & Marty Munsch on a significant amount of remixed Clash and 101’ers reissue dub material. Also during this time, Strummer was in dispute with The Clash’s record label, Epic Records. The disagreement lasted nearly eight years and ended with the label agreeing to let him record solo records with another label. If The Clash were to reunite though, they would have to record for Sony. During the nineties Strummer was a DJ on the BBC World Service with his half-hour programme London Calling. Samples from the series provide the vocals for "Midnight Jam" on Joe and the Mescaleros’ final album Streetcore.

The wilderness years 1986-1999
A year later, Strummer worked on several songs for the 1986 film Sid and Nancy, including "Love Kills" and "Dum Dum Club". Strummer also later worked with Mick Jones and his band Big Audio Dynamite, contributing to the band’s second album by co-writing most of the songs as well as producing the album along with Jones. In 1987 he starred in the film Walker, directed by Alex Cox, as a character named "Faucet" and wrote and performed on the film’s soundtrack. He starred in another Cox film that same year called Straight to Hell, as the character Simms. In 1989 Strummer played a substantial role in Jim Jarmusch’s film Mystery Train, as a drunken, short-tempered drifter named Johnny (whom most characters refer to as Elvis, much to Johnny’s dismay). He also made a brief appearance in Aki Kaurismäki’s 1990 film I Hired a Contract Killer as a guitarist in a pub, performing two songs ("Burning Lights" and "Afro-Cuban Bebop"). These were released as a promotional 7" single limited to a few hundred copies, credited to "Joe Strummer & the Astro Physicians". During this time Strummer continued to act, write and produce soundtracks for various films, most notably the soundtrack for Grosse Pointe Blank (1997). In 1989 Strummer began producing solo records with a band called The Latino Rockabilly War. The album Earthquake Weather was a critical and commercial flop, and

The Mescaleros and other work 1999-2002
In the mid-to-late 1990s, Strummer gathered top-flight musicians into a backing band he called The Mescaleros. Strummer and the band signed with Mercury Records, and issued their first album in 1999, which was cowritten with Antony Genn, called Rock Art and the X-Ray Style. A tour of England, Europe, and North America soon followed; sets included several Clash fan favourites. “ This is my Indian summer...I learnt that fame is an illusion & everything ”


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Joe Strummer

Strummer performing in Brooklyn, April 2002

Strummer and The Mescaleros. about it is just a joke. I’m far more dangerous now, because I don’t care at all. —Joe Strummer to Chris Salewicz – 2000 ,

In 2001 the band signed with Californian punk label Hellcat Records and released their second album, Global A Go-Go. The album was supported with a 21-date tour of North America, Britain, and Ireland. Once again, these concerts featured Clash material ("London’s Burning", "Rudie Can’t Fail", "White Man In Hammersmith Palais"), as well as covers of reggae and ska hits ("The Harder They Come", "A Message To You, Rudy") and the band regularly closed the show by playing The Ramones’ "Blitzkrieg Bop". He also covered Redemption Song originally by Bob Marley. In the same year, somewhat out of character, Strummer and the Mescaleros performed the song Minstrel Boy for the movie Black Hawk Down, a haunting and emotive Celtic tune that is played during the evacuation of PFC Blackburn during the Battle of Mogadishu.

On 15 November 2002, Strummer and The Mescaleros played a benefit show for striking fire fighters in London, at the Acton Town Hall. Mick Jones was in the crowd, and joined the band on stage during the Clash’s "Bankrobber." An encore followed with Jones playing guitar and singing on "White Riot" and "London’s Burning". This performance marked the first time since 1983 that Strummer and Jones had performed together on stage.[5] Jones later remarked that it was totally unplanned and that he felt compelled to join Strummer on stage. Strummer’s final regular gig was at Liverpool Academy on 22 November 2002, yet his final performance, just two weeks before his death, was in a small club venue ’The Palace’ in Bridgwater, Somerset near to his home. Shortly before his death Strummer and U2’s Bono co-wrote a song, "46664", for Nelson Mandela as part of a campaign against AIDS in Africa. Strummer had been scheduled to play at Mandela’s SOS fundraising concert in February 2003 on Robben Island. Mick Jones later recorded a version of the song in studio, performing both the vocals and guitar work, that has yet to be formally released.


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Joe Strummer
Cash/Strummer duet version appears on the 2003 box set Unearthed).

Death and legacy 2002-present
Strummer died suddenly on 22 December 2002 in his home at Broomfield in Somerset, the victim of an undiagnosed congenital heart defect.[8][9][5] His estate was valued at just under £1 million, and he left all the money to his wife Lucinda.[10] Strummer was instrumental in setting up Future Forests (recently rechristened The Carbon Neutral Company), an organization dedicated to planting trees in various parts of the world in order to combat global warming. Strummer was the first artist to make the recording, pressing and distribution of his records carbon neutral through the planting of trees. Many other artists such as Foo Fighters, Coldplay and Pink Floyd have followed suit and fans can visit the Carbon Neutral Company website to buy trees to be planted in their favourite artist’s forest (Strummer’s being christened "Rebel’s Wood", a specially selected section in Orbost, on the Isle of Skye). In his remembrance, Strummer’s friends and family have established the Strummerville Foundation for the promotion of new music. At the Grammy Awards in February 2003, "London Calling" was performed by Elvis Costello, Bruce Springsteen, Steven Van Zandt, Dave Grohl, Pete Thomas, and Tony Kanal in tribute to Strummer. In March 2003, The Clash were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[5] Another tribute was done to Joe Strummer in February 2003. On the rockclub "Debaser" in Stockholm some of Sweden’s most famous rock musicians paid their tribute to Joe by performing songs written by the Clash (the exception was Nicke Borg and Dregen from Backyard Babies who performed I Fought the Law). At the end of the concert, the legendary swedish punk band Ebba Grön reunited for the tribute and they were aided by Mick Jones on guitar. At the time of his death, Strummer was working on another album, which was released posthumously in October 2003 under the title Streetcore. The album features a tribute to American music icon Johnny Cash ("Long Shadow"), which was actually written for Cash to sing and recorded in Rick Rubin’s garage, as well as a remembrance of the 11 September 2001 attacks ("Ramshackle Day Parade"), and a cover of Bob Marley’s classic "Redemption Song", which Strummer had also recorded as a duet with Cash. (The

Memorial to Strummer on 7th Street at Avenue A, New York City. November 2003 saw the release of a video for Redemption Song, directed by Josh Cheuse. The video features the painting of a memorial mural on the wall of the Niagara Bar in the East Village of NYC.[11] On 22 December 2003, exactly a year after his death, a tribute show/benefit was held at Irving Plaza in NYC. Bands that played were Ari Up; Clem Snide; The Detachment Kit; Dirty Mary; Hammel on Trial; Jesse Malin; New Blood Revival; The Realistics; Eugene Hütz; Radio 4; Secret Army; Ted Leo; Vic Thrill + The Saturn Missile.[12] The show was videotaped by but is as yet unreleased. A documentary by Dick Rude titled Let’s Rock Again! was released in 2004. The film, completed after Strummer’s death, chronicles life on tour in the United States with the Mescaleros to support Global a Go-Go. The Belfast punk rock group Stiff Little Fingers also recorded a tribute song "Strummerville" on their album, Guitar and Drum. Al Barr, lead singer of the Boston punk band Dropkick Murphys, named his son Strummer in honor of Joe.[13] German punk band the Beatsteaks pay tribute to Strummer on their album Smack Smash with the song "Hello Joe". In 2004, German punk band Die Toten Hosen released an EP called "Friss oder stirb" which included a tribute song for Strummer called "Goodbye Garageland" which is a lyrical co-production with Matt Dangerfield from londons 77 punk band The Boys (UK Band). Boston Punk Rock Band Street Dogs recorded a tribute song called "The General’s Boombox" on their latest album State Of


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Joe Strummer
memorable opening to the chorus, "We wore pictures of Strummer." Strummer’s impact is referenced by The Hold Steady in the song "Constructive Summer" ("Raise a toast to St. Joe Strummer. I think he might’ve been our only decent teacher."). Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten, a documentary film directed by Julien Temple about Joe Strummer, premiered on 20 January 2007 at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival.[16] In conjunction with the Strummer estate, Fender released the Joe Strummer Tribute Telecaster, combining elements of Joe’s main guitars, namely the "road worn" finish of his 1966 Telecaster, which he used until his death. The first 1,500 guitars come with a Shepard Fairey designed "customization kit" with stickers and stencils, which resemble some of the designs Joe used on his guitars.[17]

Let’s Rock Again! poster Grace, and New Jersey’s The Gaslight Anthem recorded the song "I’da Called You Woody, Joe" on their album Sink or Swim (Gaslight Anthem album). On 12 February 2005 the Class 47 locomotive 47828 was named "Joe Strummer". The nameplates were unveiled by his widow Lucinda Tait in a ceremony at Bristol Temple Meads railway station.[14] On 22 July 2005 Tait unveiled a plaque on the house in Pentonville, Newport where Strummer lived from 1973 to 1974 and where his first foray into recorded music, "Crummy Bum Blues" was recorded.[15] New Orleans-based rockers Cowboy Mouth released a song called "Joe Strummer" on their latest album Voodoo Shoppe. The song tells the story of a man who had to break up with his girlfriend because "...she didn’t know who/Joe Strummer was." The popular track is a tongue-in-cheek salute to Strummer and the Clash that received significant radio play in 2006. In addition, the Joe Pernice-penned "High As a Kite", included on The Pernice Brothers 2006 album Live a Little, was, in part a tribute to Joe Strummer. Lyrics included, "Heavy downbeat of one and the show began/London calling, strike up the contraband" and the

Marriages and relationships
In 1975, after being offered £100, Strummer married Pamela Moolman, a South African citizen, so she could obtain British citizenship. He bought his signature Telecaster, later painted black, with the money. In 1978 Strummer started a relationship with Gaby Salter shortly after her seventeenth birthday.[1] The couple remained together for fourteen years and had two daughters, Jazz and Lola, but did not marry as Strummer had been unable to locate and divorce Moolman.[1] In 1993 Strummer began an affair with Lucinda Tait, which finally ended his relationship with Gaby Salter.[1] Strummer and Tait married in 1995 and remained so until his death in 2002. Strummer was also godfather to singer Lily Allen.

Let’s Rock Again! is a one-hour music documentary, directed by Dick Rude, that follows Joe Strummer as he tours across America and Japan with The Mescaleros. It premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival in New York, May 2004. Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten is a documentary about Joe Strummer by Julien Temple. It comprises archive footage of him spanning his life, and interviews with friends,


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Year Album 1981 Elgin Avenue Breakdown Additional information

Joe Strummer

Compilation album with material recorded from 1974 to 1976. Fender tube amps. The Music Man is the closest thing to that sound I’ve found." and that the "plastic motif on the front is repulsive."[26]

family, and other celebrities. It debuted at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival.[18][19][20] A documentary on Strummer’s politics Let Fury Have The Hour, produced by Tim Robbins and based on the book of the same name by Antonino D’Ambrosio, is due out in 2008. NYC band Radio 4 are supplying soundtrack music.[21]

Solo discography
With The 101’ers Solo recordings With The Latino Rockabilly War With The Mescaleros

Musical equipment
Strummer’s main guitar throughout his career was a 1966 Fender Telecaster that originally came in a three-color sunburst with a white pickguard. Strummer acquired the guitar in middle of 1975 while playing with 101ers. After joining the Clash, the guitar’s body and pickguard were refinished in grey auto primer and then painted black. By 1979, the word NOISE was stenciled on the upper part of the body, a rasta flag sticker was placed at the horn of the pickguard, and an "Ignore Alien Orders" sticker was placed above the bridge. By the release of Give ‘Em Enough Rope the guitar was fitted with a bridge with individual saddles and the original Kluson tuners were replaced with later model tuners and a large question mark was spraypainted on its back. The guitar would remain in this configuration throughout his career with the addition of different stickers on its body. The guitar’s black paint became worn down due to Strummer’s playing and on many places the original sunburst finish and bare wood shines through, except for the square where Strummer taped his setlists.[22] The Fender Custom Shop has created a Joe Strummer tribute Telecaster with a reliced flat black finish.[23] Strummer is naturally left handed, but learned to play guitar right handed, he has attributed this as a drawback and claimed it caused him to be underdeveloped as a guitarist, although his style of playing is unique to him. For amplification Strummer has been known to use amplifiers such as a Roland Jazz Chorus, a Vox AC30 and various Marshall amplifiers,[24] but his main amplifier was a Music Man HD 212 150.[25] Strummer commented on his choice of amplifier with "I don’t have time to search for those old

Selected filmography
Year Title 1980 Rude Boy Role Semi-Documentary Subject Writer and director Silent film non-speaking cameo Other notes

1983 Hell W10

1983 The King Street Scum of Comedy 1987 Walker Faucet 1987 Straight to Simms Hell 1988 Candy Mountain 1989 Mystery Train 1990 I Hired A Contract Killer 1997 Docteur Chance Mario Johnny aka Elvis Himself

by Aki Kaurismaki

Vince Taylor

2000 The Clash: Documentary Westway Subject to the World 2003 End of the Century: The Story Documentary Subject


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Year Album 1986 Sid and Nancy Soundtrack 1987 Walker 1987 Straight To Hell Original Soundtrack 1993 When Pigs Fly Soundtrack 1998 Chef Aid: The South Park Album 2002 Jools Holland’s Big Band Rhythm & Blues (guest appearance) 2003 Unearthed (guest appearance) 2004 Black Magic (guest appearance) Year Album 1988 Permanent Record Original Soundtrack 1989 Earthquake Weather Additional information

Joe Strummer

Soundtrack for the film Sid and Nancy, featuring 2 songs by Strummer. Soundtrack for the film Walker, scored by Strummer. Soundtrack for the film Straight to Hell, featuring 2 songs by Strummer. Unreleased soundtrack for the film When Pigs Fly, scored by Strummer. Features "It’s A Rockin’ World", performed by Strummer, Flea, Nick Hexum, Tom Morello, DJ Bonebrake, and Benmont Tench. Features "Return of the Blues Cowboy" performed by Strummer and the Jools Holland Big Band A duet of "Redemption Song" with Johnny Cash. Strummer performed the song "Over The Border" with Jimmy Cliff. Additional information Features songs by Strummer and The Latino Rockabilly War. Strummer’s only full-length studio album with The Latino Rockabilly War.

Year Album 1999 Rock Art and the X-Ray Style 2001 Global a Go-Go 2003 Streetcore of the Ramones

Additional information Strummer’s first album with The Mescaleros. Peaked at #23 on Billboard’s Top Independent Albums chart in the US. Strummer’s last album, released posthumously. Strummer being implicated in a paternity scandal. • "Johnny Appleseed" is featured as the theme song to the HBO series John From Cincinnati. • Strummer is referenced by The Hold Steady in the song "Constructive Summer," in which the band sings "Raise a toast to Saint Joe Strummer. I think he might have been our only decent teacher." • Joe Strummer and the Mescaleros appeared on the British musician Jools Holland Show "Later" on about 4 May 2002. Strummer, Warren Zevon, and Traci Chapman, as well as an ensemble cast, sang "I Fought the Law [and the Law Won]" at the finale. The show, and this

2004 Let’s Rock Documentary Again! Subject 2007 Joe Strum- Documentary mer: The Subject Future Is Unwritten 2008 The Clash Live: Revolution Rock Documentary Subject

In other media
• The Bedroom Secrets of the Master Chefs, by Irvine Welsh, has a fictional Joe


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episode, is occasionally shown in the US on Ovation TV. • A play called Meeting Joe Strummer has played at the Edinburgh Festival and has toured England, it is not a play directly about Joe, instead about two men who share a passion for Joe’s music[27]

Joe Strummer
knock-about bands and using the nickname "Woody" inspired by Woody Guthrie’s name. b) The Vultures in time led to The 101’ers, a group of West London-based squatters named after their squat address. The 101’ers were eventually supported by a nascent Sex Pistols. Mellor adopted the stage name of "Joe Strummer". Impressed by the power of the Sex Pistols, the newly self-coined Strummer determined that the 101’ers were "yesterday’s papers" by comparison. It was time to strike out anew. And this led to the start of The Clash. c) "This is my Indian summer...I learnt that fame is an illusion & everything about it is just a joke. I’m far more dangerous now, because I don’t care at all." – Joe Strummer to Chris Salewicz – 2000." [4] ^ Letts Don; Joe Strummer, Mick Jones, Paul Simonon, Topper Headon, Terry Chimes, Rick Elgood, The Clash. (2001). The Clash, Westway to the World [Documentary]. New York, NY: Sony Music Entertainment; Dorismo; Uptown Films. Retrieved on 6 February 2008. Event occurs at 3:50–4:50; 8:40–11:40. ISBN 0738900826. OCLC 49798077. [5] ^ "The Clash". Induction. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. 10 March 2003. inductee/the-clash. Retrieved on 19 November 2007. "a) Quite simply, the Clash were among the most explosive and exciting bands in rock and roll history. b, c) If not exactly a reunion, it was a rapprochement. On 15 November 2002, Jones and Strummer shared the stage for the first time in nearly 20 years, performing three Clash songs during the encore of a London benefit show by Joe Strummer and the Mescaleros. This raised hopes for a Clash reunion, which were dashed when Strummer died of a heart attack on 22 December 2002." [6] "Clash star Strummer dies" (STM). Entertainment. BBC News World Edition. 27 December 2002. 2600669.stm. Retrieved on 20 November 2007. "Rolling Stone voted London Calling, their classic 1980 album

See also
• List of honorific titles in popular music

[1] ^ Salewicz, Chris (15 May 2007). Redemption Song: The Ballad of Joe Strummer (1st American ed.). New York: Faber and Faber. ISBN 057121178X. OCLC 76794852. [2] ^ "Strummer’s lasting culture Clash" (STM). Entertainment. BBC News World Edition. 23 December 2002. 2600955.stm. Retrieved on 20 November 2007. "a) Born John Graham Mellor in 1952, Strummer was the son of a diplomat and was given a middle-class upbringing at boarding school in Surrey before going to study art in London before deciding that it was a "lousy set up". b, c, d) He had immersed himself in music since childhood, and his own musical career began when he started busking with a ukulele at Green Park tube station. He played in two bands, the Vultures and the 101ers, but when The Sex Pistols supported the 101ers in west London in 1976, Strummer saw the possibilities open up for him and was inspired to form The Clash." [3] ^ Encoule, Jean (1 2003). "Joe Strummer - 1952-2002". Retrieved on 17 November 2007. "a) Joe Strummer was born in Ankara, Turkey, in 1952 & christened John Graham Mellor. His family spent time in Ankara, Cairo, Mexico City & Bonn, before Mellor returned to the UK to attend the City Of London Freemen’s School in Surrey. Mellor left school & enrolled at Central College of Art but left "after about a week", heading straight for the underground & squat culture. Mellor spent time living in Wales, playing in


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Joe Strummer

(released in 1979 in the UK) as the best band The Clash, left an estate worth album of the Eighties." nearly £1 million, it was revealed [7] ^ "The Clash Clash in Hamburg LP 20 yesterday." May 1980". [11] D’Angelo, Joe (17 November 2003). "Joe Strummer Leaves Final Mark On New blackmarketclash/Bands/Clash/ York With New Video" (JHTML). MTV recordings/1980/ News. Clash%20in%20Hamburg%20LP/ news/articles/1480457/20031117/ Clash%20in%20Hamburg.html. strummer_joe.jhtml. Retrieved on 29 Retrieved on 21 January 2008. "a) This is November 2007. "Clip features cameos the infamous riot show where there was by Rancid, actor Matt Dillon, filmmaker mayhem in the audience and on the Jim Jarmusch." stage, riot police battling with fans [12] "Fillmore NY @ Irving Plaza - Artists". outside, and Joe was arrested for seriously assaulting a ’fan’ with his guitar. His actions shocked Joe, and had Retrieved on 29 November 2007. "Joe a lasting personal impact on him. Strummer Tribute - Ari Up (of The b) He would raise the incident in a Slits); Clem Snide; The Detachment Kit; number of interviews there after. Joe Dirty Mary; Hammel on Trial; Jesse said, "I nearly murdered somebody, and Malin; New Blood Revival; The it made me realise that you can’t face Realistics; Radio 4; Secret Army; Ted Leo violence with violence. It doesn’t work". (solo); and special guests" There is information on the night from [13] Helmer, April (23 April 2004). "Dropkick three sources; German newspaper Murphys always sing loud, proud". The reports from the time, an eyewitness Express-Times. account described in Last Gang In Town, and interviews with Joe." press/expresstimes.html. Retrieved on 13 [8] "Clash star Strummer dies". BBC News. March 2008. 27 December 2002. [14] "Engine named after Clash singer" (STM). Bristol/Somerset. BBC NEWS. 12 music/2600669.stm. Retrieved on February 2005. 2009-02-11. "Joe Strummer, the leader of hi/uk_news/england/bristol/somerset/ legendary Seventies punk band The 4256619.stm. Retrieved on 6 July 2007. Clash, has died of a suspected heart "The Class 47 Diesel, which is owned by attack aged 50. A spokesman for Cotswold Rail, is being named after the Strummer, real name John Graham singer, who lived in Bridgwater, Mellor, said the singer died at home in Somerset. He died aged 50 in 2002."... Broomfield, Somerset, on Sunday." ..."The locomotive, and plaque showing [9] "Clash star Joe Strummer dies". Strummer’s name, were unveiled at Entertainment. 23 December Bristol Temple Meads station by his wife, 2002. Lucinda." SHOWBIZ/Music/12/23/ [15] "Plaque for Clash legend Strummer" britain.strummer/. Retrieved on 23 (STM). Wales. BBC NEWS. 22 July 2005. November 2007. "Strummer, who was the band’s guitarist, vocalist and 4707943.stm. Retrieved on 29 November songwriter alongside Mick Jones, died on 2007. "The friend who arranged for a Sunday at his farmhouse in Somerset, tribute plaque to Joe Strummer on the southwestern England." house where the punk legend wrote his [10] "Clash frontman Joe Strummer leaves first song admits he would have hated £1m will". TV & showbiz. Daily Mail. 7 it." January 2007. [16] "Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten (2007) - Release dates". Internet Movie articles/showbiz/ Database. showbiznews.html?in_article_id=426977&in_page_id=1773&ito=1490. Retrieved on 13 tt0800099/releaseinfo. Retrieved on 23 November 2007. "Joe March 2008. Strummer, the former frontman of punk


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joe Strummer

[17] "Joe Strummer". [27] index-page190.html Retrieved on 29 November 2007. [18] Orshoski, Wes (7 November 2006). "Exclusive: Strummer Documentary To • Clash, The (1 October 2008). The Clash: Premiere At Sundance" (JSP). News. Strummer, Jones, Simonon, Headon. London: Atlantic Books. ISBN bbcom/news/ 1843547880. OCLC 236120343. article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003353439. • D’Ambrosio, Antonino (13 October 2004). Retrieved on 29 November 2007. ""The Let Fury Have the Hour: The Punk Rock Future is Unwritten", Julien Temple’s Politics of Joe Strummer. New York: new film on the life and career of late Nation Books. ISBN 1560256257. OCLC Clash frontman Joe Strummer, will have 56988650. "Edited with an Introduction by its U.S. premiere in mid-January at the Antonino D’Ambrosio." Sundance Film Festival in Park City, • Davie, Anthony (2004). Joe Strummer & Utah." the Mescaleros: New and Previously [19] "BBC - Somerset - In Pictures - Joe Unpublished Photographs. Northampton: Strummer" (SHTML). Where I Live Effective. ISBN 0954856813. OCLC Somerset - Celebrities and Events. 64898380. • Davie, Anthony (2004). Vision of a somerset/content/image_galleries/ Homeland: The History of Joe Strummer & joe_strummer_gallery.shtml. Retrieved the Mescaleros. Northampton: Effective. on 29 November 2007. "Julien Temple’s ISBN 0954856805. OCLC 123775358. biopic of The Clash front man, entitled • DeCurtis, Anthony (2003). "1952-2002 Joe Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten, Strummer - A tribute to the late Clash receives its premiere at The Palace in singer and songwriter, plus his final Bridgwater on Saturday, 5 May 2007. remarks on the rise and fall of the This photo is of a campfire in Somerset." legendary punk band". Rolling stone (San [20] Kelly, Kevin (26 January 2007). Francisco, CA: Straight Arrow) 914 (27). "Sundance Review: Joe Strummer: The ISSN 0035-791X. OCLC 96002520. Future is Unwritten". • Ferraz, Rob (08 2001). "Joe Strummer & The Clash - Revolution Rock" (ASPX). future-is-unwritten/. Retrieved on 29 timeline.aspx?csid1=21. Retrieved on 29 November 2007. "If you can imagine November 2007. what it would be like to try to document • Gilbert, Pat (2005) [2004]. Passion Is a the life of one of your closest friends Fashion: The Real Story of The Clash (4th after their death, and to assemble ed.). London: Aurum Press. ISBN everything into feature film length, you 1845131134. OCLC 61177239. can probably see how difficult the • Gray, Marcus (2005) [1995]. The Clash: process might be." Return of the Last Gang in Town (5th rev. [21] Cohen, Jonathan (25 April 2007). "Radio ed.). London: Helter Skelter. ISBN 4 Tunes In For D’Ambrosio 1905139101. OCLC 60668626. Documentary". Billboard. • Matula, Theodore (12 2003). "Joe Strummer, 1952-2002". Popular Music article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003576052. and Society (Bowling Green, Ohio: Taylor Retrieved on 17 December 2007. & Francis) 26 (4): 523–525. doi:10.1080/ [22] 0300776032000144968. ISSN 0300-7766. evolutionofalegend.html OCLC 89586252. [23] • Needs, Kris (25 January 2005). Joe [24] Strummer and the Legend of the Clash. post/strummernews/vpost?id=2044598 London: Plexus. ISBN 085965348X. OCLC [25] 53155325. product.php?c=1&cat=111&scat=216 • Salewicz, Chris (15 May 2007). [26] Musician Magazine 1980 Redemption Song: The Ballad of Joe

Further reading


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Strummer (1st American ed.). New York: Faber and Faber. ISBN 057121178X. OCLC 76794852. • Yewdall, Julian Leonard; Nick Jones (1992). Joe Strummer with the 101’ers and the Clash, 1974-1976. London: Image Direct. ISBN 0951921606. OCLC 28502630. "Photographs by Julian Leonard Yewdall; introductory text by Nick Jones."

Joe Strummer
the video can be seen here in Google Maps Street View. Persondata NAME ALTERNATIVE NAMES SHORT DESCRIPTION DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH Strummer, Joe John Graham Mellor (real name) Musician and actor 21 August 1952 Ankara, Turkey 22 December 2002 Broomfield, Somerset, England

External links
• Official website • The video of the Joe Strummer And The Mescaleros version of "Redemption Song" from Streetcore. A tribute to Strummer by his friends. The artwork being created in

Retrieved from "" Categories: 1952 births, 2002 deaths, Alumni of the Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, Deaths from cardiovascular disease, Disease-related deaths in England, English buskers, English male singers, English people of Scottish descent, English punk rock guitarists, English punk rock singers, English singer-songwriters, English socialists, Epitaph Records artists, Old Citizens (City of London School), Old Epsomians, People from Ankara, The Clash members, The Pogues members, Rhythm guitarists, World music musicians This page was last modified on 16 May 2009, at 17:50 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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