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Tablet PC

Tablet PC
Slate models are often designed with a focus on mobility and/or ruggedness, eliminating moving parts that could hinder these qualities.

Convertibles
Convertible notebooks have a base body with an attached keyboard. They more closely resemble modern laptops, and are usually heavier and larger than slates. Typically, the base of a convertible attaches to the display at a single joint called a swivel hinge or rotating hinge. The joint allows the screen to rotate around 180° and fold down on top of the keyboard to provide a flat writing surface. This design, although the most common, creates a physical point of weakness on the notebook. Some manufacturers, however, have attempted to overcome these weak points. The Panasonic Toughbook 19, for example, is advertised as a more durable convertible notebook. One model by Acer has a sliding design in which the screen slides up from the slatelike position and locks into place to provide the laptop mode. Convertibles are by far the most popular form factor of tablet PCs, because for people who are unsure about the practicality of using the pen as the primary method of input, the convertibles still offer the keyboard and pointing device of older notebooks.

HP Compaq tablet PC with rotating/removable keyboard A tablet PC is a laptop or slate-shaped mobile computer, equipped with a touchscreen or graphics tablet/screen hybrid to operate the computer with a stylus or digital pen, or a fingertip, instead of a keyboard or mouse. This form factor offers a more mobile way to interact with a computer. Tablet PCs are often used where normal notebooks are impractical or unwieldy, or do not provide the needed functionality.

Forms
Slates
Slate computers, which resemble writing slates, are tablet PCs without a dedicated keyboard. For text input, users rely on handwriting recognition via active digitizer, touching the screen with a fingertip or stylus or by using an external keyboard can usually be attached via a wireless or USB connection. These tablet PCs typically incorporate small (8.4-14.1 inches/21–36 cm) LCD screens and have been popular for quite some time in vertical markets such as health care, education, and field work.

Hybrids
Hybrids, coined by users of the HP/Compaq TC1000 and TC1100 series, share the features of the slate and convertible by using a detachable keyboard which operates in a similar fashion to a convertible when attached. This is not to be confused with slate models that have a detachable keyboard—detachable keyboards for pure slate models do not rotate around to allow the tablet to rest on it like a convertible. Despite a loyal following of users, the hybrid form factor has not received any recent updates after the TC1100 was discontinued.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tablet PC
systems like the Tablet PC.[16] The operating system was MS-DOS 1991 • The Momenta Pentop was released.[17] • GO Corp announced a dedicated operating system, called PenPoint OS, featuring control of the operating system desktop via handwritten gesture shapes.[18][19] • NCR released model 3125 pen computer running MS-DOS, Penpoint or Pen Windows.[20] • The Apple Newton entered development; although it ultimately became a PDA, its original concept (which called for a larger screen and greater sketching capabilities) resembled that of a tablet PC. 1992 • GO Corp shipped PenPoint and IBM announced IBM 2125 pen computer (the first IBM model named "ThinkPad") in April.[21] • Microsoft releases Windows for Pen Computing as a response to the PenPoint OS. 1993 • The IBM releases the ThinkPad, IBM’s first commercialized portable tablet computer product available to the consumer market, as the IBM ThinkPad 750P and 360P[22] • AT&T introduced the EO Personal Communicator combining PenPoint with wireless communications. 1999 • The "QBE" pen computer created by Aqcess Technologies wins Comdex Best of Show.[23] 2000 • The "QBE Vivo" pen computer created by Aqcess Technologies ties for Comdex Best of Show. 2001 • Bill Gates of Microsoft demonstrates first public prototype of a Tablet PC (defined by Microsoft as a pen-enabled computer conforming to hardware specifications devised by Microsoft and running a licensed copy of the "Windows XP Tablet PC Edition" operating system)[24] at Comdex. 2003 • Fingerworks [25] develops the touch technology and touch gestures later used in the Apple IPhone.

History
• Before 1950 • 1888: U.S. Patent granted to Elisha Gray on electrical stylus device for capturing handwriting.[1][2] • 1915: U.S. Patent on handwriting recognition user interface with a stylus.[3][4] • 1942: U.S. Patent on touchscreen for handwriting input.[5][6] • 1945: Vannevar Bush proposes the Memex, a data archiving device including handwriting input, in an essay As We May Think.[7] • 1950s • Tom Dimond demonstrates the Styalator electronic tablet with pen for computer input and handwriting recognition.[8] • Early 1960s • RAND Tablet invented.[9][10] • Late 1960s • Alan Kay of Xerox PARC proposed a notebook using pen input called Dynabook: however device is never constructed. • 1982 • Pencept of Waltham, Massachusetts markets a general-purpose computer terminal using a tablet and handwriting recognition instead of a keyboard and mouse.[11] • Cadre System markets the Inforite point-of-sale terminal using handwriting recognition and a small electronic tablet and pen.[12] • 1985: • Pencept[13] and CIC[14] both offer PC computers for the consumer market using a tablet and handwriting recognition instead of a keyboard and mouse. Operating system is MS-DOS. • 1989 • The first commercially available tablettype portable computer was the GRiDPad[15] from GRiD Systems, released in September. Its operating system was based on MS-DOS. • Wang Laboratories introduces Freestyle. Freestyle was an application that would do a screen capture from an MS-DOS application, and let the user add voice and handwriting annotations. It was a sophisticated predecessor to later note-taking applications for •

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• 2006 • Windows Vista released for general availability. Vista included the functionality of the special Tablet PC edition of Windows XP. • 2008 • In April 2008, as part of a larger federal court case, the gesture features of the Windows/Tablet PC operating system and hardware were found to infringe on a patent by GO Corp. concerning user interfaces for pen computer operating systems.[26] • HP releases the second MultiTouch capable tablet: the HP TouchSmart tx2z.[27] • 2009 • Asus announced a tablet netbook. • Always Innovating announced a new tablet netbook with an ARM CPU. • Motion Computing launched the J3400.

Tablet PC
screen, or even a regular mouse. Vista also supports MultiTouch functions and gestures (originally developed for the Microsoft Surface version of Vista) and is now usable by the public with the release of MultiTouch tablets. Windows Vista also significantly improved handwriting recognition functionality with the introduction a handwriting recognition personalization tool as well as an automatic handwriting learning tool.

Windows applications
There are many operating systems in use on devices marketed as tablets. Note that most tablet PC software is targeted particularly for the Microsoft Tablet PC API, and will not run on devices without Windows Vista or Windows XP Tablet PC Edition. Care should be taken when researching a tablet system or any device or software that claims to be designed for tablet PCs, as the phrase does not guarantee compatibility. Applications developed for the tablet PC cater to the form factor and functionality available on the platform. Many forms of applications incorporate a pen-friendly user interface and/or the ability to handwrite directly in the document or interface. A brief description of the applications included follows: Experience Pack • Ink Desktop: an Active Desktop control designed to run in the background and allow the user to write directly on the desktop. • Snipping Tool: a screen capture application which allows the tablet pen to be used to select a portion of the screen and then annotate it and save as a file or send in an email. • Ink Art: a painting application developed by Ambient Design originally as ArtRage, licensed to Microsoft for release to Tablet PC users. • Ink Crossword: a crossword application developed to mirror the experience of a paper crossword puzzle on a tablet PC. • Media Transfer: a synchronization utility designed to download music, pictures, and videos off of computers in the same network. Education Pack • Ink Flash Cards: an application designed to assist memorization by using a flash card approach, enabling the user to

System software
Microsoft
The operating system on which most tablet PCs used to run was Windows XP Tablet PC Edition.[28][29] Tablet PC Edition is a superset of Windows XP Professional, the difference being tablet functionality, including alternate text input (Tablet PC Input Panel) and basic drivers for support of tablet PC specific hardware. Requirements to install Tablet PC Edition include a tablet digitizer or touchscreen device, and hardware control buttons including a Ctrl-Alt-Delete shortcut button, scrolling buttons, and at least one user-configurable application button. Service Pack 2 for Windows XP includes Tablet PC Edition 2005 and is a free upgrade. This version brought improved handwriting recognition and improved the Input Panel, allowing it to be used in almost every application. The Input Panel was also revised to extend speech recognition services (input and correction) to other applications. With the sucession of Windows Vista, the Tablet PC functionality no longer required a separate edition. Tablet PC support is built into all editions of Windows Vista with the exception of Home Basic and Starter editions. This extends the handwriting recognition, ink collection,[30] and additional input methods to any computer running Vista even if the input device is an external digitizer, a touch

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
handwrite their own flash cards and display them back in a slideshow. • Equation Writer: a recognition tool specializing in converting handwritten mathematical equations to a computergenerated image for pasting into other documents. • GoBinder Lite: an organization and notetaking application developed by Agilix Labs. • Hexic Deluxe: a game with a tablet PC specific gesture enabled for easier use with the tablet and better

Tablet PC
who are running slightly modified copies of Mac OS X on various x86 architecture PC models, among them Tablet PC computers. To get Mac OS X to talk to the digitizer on Tablet PC systems they use a free open source driver named TabletMagic originally written to support serial tablets for which Wacom no longer supplies Mac drivers.

Tablets vs. traditional notebooks
The advantages and disadvantages of tablet PCs are highly subjective measures. What appeals to one user may be exactly what disappoints another. The following are commonly cited opinions of the tablet PC platform:

Linux
Running Linux on tablet PCs is as practical as on conventional notebooks. More recently, tablet PCs may also be configured with Linux pre-installed. One early implementation of a Linux tablet was the ProGear by FrontPath. The ProGear used a Transmeta chip and a resistive digitizer. The ProGear initially came with a version of Slackware Linux, but could later be bought with Windows 98. Because these computers are general purpose IBM PC compatible machines, they can run many different operating systems. Xorg now supports screen rotation and tablet input through Wacom drivers, and handwriting recognition software from both the Qt-based Qtopia and GTK+-based Internet Tablet OS provide promising free and open source systems for future development. However, little mature desktop-oriented software of the sort has arisen, leading many users to rely on on-screen keyboards and alternative text input methods like Dasher. TabletKiosk currently offers a hybrid digitizer / touch device running SUSE Linux. It is the first device with this feature to support Linux.

Advantages
• The ability to use in environments not conducive to a keyboard and mouse such as lying in bed, low lighting when a lighted screen is the input source, standing or with one hand. • Recording non-character based information such as diagrams and mathematical notation and symbols. • Lighter weight, lower power models can function similarly to dedicated reading devices like the Amazon Kindle.

Disadvantages
• Higher cost — convertible tablet PCs can cost significantly more than their nontablet counterparts although this premium has been predicted to fall.[31] • Input speed — handwriting can be significantly slower than peak typing speeds which can be as high as 50-150 WPM, though Swype and other technologies provide alternate, speedier methods of input. • Screen damage risk - Tablet PCs are handled more than conventional laptops yet built on the same frames and since their screens also serve as input devices (like PDAs) they run a higher risk of screen damage.

Apple
The aftermarketer Axiotron has introduced aftermarket, heavily modified Apple MacBooks called Modbooks, a Mac OS Xbased tablet computer. It uses Apple’s Inkwell for handwriting and gesture recognition and bundles additional digitization software from Wacom. While Apple Inc. legally forbids and doesn’t sanction running their operating system Mac OS X on non-Apple hardware, there are a large number of computer enthusiasts

Designing around disadvantages
Manufacturers can design additional durability into the displays of tablets to effectively reduce screen damage risk, hinge failure, and screen size limitations. The use of scissor shock absorbers mounted to the screen,

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
flexible connectors for data cables, molded magnesium alloy screen casing, durable and replaceable screen overlayments, and purpose built convertible hinges impact reliability. • • • • Samsung Q1 (Q1 Ultra) Xplore Technologies COWON Q5W Axiotron Modbook

Tablet PC

Convertible
• • • • • • • Acer TravelMate C100/C300/C310 Asus R1F Asus R1E Averatec C3500 Series Dialogue Flybook V5 Dell Latitude XT/XT2 Fujitsu LifeBook P1610/P1620/ P1630(Slim, Ultra-portable, Small) /T4020, /T4210, /T4220 /T2010, /T5010 /T1010 (Latest) Gateway C-140X (aka S-7235/E-295C) Gateway C-120X (aka S-7125C/E-155C) HP TC4200/TC4400 HP Compaq 2710p HP Compaq EliteBook 2730p HP Pavilion tx1000z HP Pavilion tx2000z HP Pavilion tx2500z HP TouchSmart tx2z Lenovo ThinkPad X41 Tablet Lenovo ThinkPad X60 Tablet (known popularly as "X60t") Lenovo ThinkPad X61 Tablet (12.1" MultiView/MultiTouch XGA (1024x768) TFT) Lenovo ThinkPad X200 Tablet (12.1" WXGA (1280 x 800)) Released September 2008 LG XNote C1 LG XNote P100(C1 Upgrade Model) LG LT-20-47CE Panasonic Toughbook 19 Toshiba Portégé 3500/3505 Toshiba Portégé M200 Toshiba Portégé M400/405/700/750 Toshiba Portégé R400/405 Toshiba Satellite R10/R15/R20/R25 Toshiba Tecra M4/M7

Features
New Tablet PCs may have: • Capacitive technology, which senses touch of finger with no pressure required for system to recognize input.[32] • Digital palm recognition technology prevents inadvertent contact from disrupting pen input.[32] • Multi-touch recognizes multiple simultaneous touches, allowing for enhanced manipulation of on-screen objects.[33] • Sunlight readable displays (800 nit display) are clearly readable even in bright and direct sunlight.[34] • Docking station can improve the extensibility of tablet PC such as:battery ,Keyboard, USB, RS232, LAN and VGA.It usually design for using tablet PC as desktop computer.[35]

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Popular models
Further information: Comparison of tablet PCs Major tablet PC Manufacturers include Acer, Asus, Bosanova, Fujitsu, Gateway, Inc.,GNET, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Lenovo Group, LG Electronics, NEC, TabletKiosk, QuaduroSystems, Motion Computing, Panasonic, and Toshiba. Popular models include:

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Slate
• • • • • • • • PaceBlade SlimBook 200 Quadpad Slate Style Tablet PC Fujitsu Stylistic ST5010 Fujitsu Stylistic ST6012 Electrovaya Scribbler SC4000 series (older: SC2000, SC3000, SC3100) G-NET Rugged Tablet PC MobileDemand xTablet T8600 Rugged Tablet PC Motion M1200, M1300, M1400, LE-Series, C5, LS800, LE 1700 and C5 which is targeted towards the healthcare industry JLT8404 Field Tablet PC Panasonic Toughbook 08 TabletKiosk Sahara i400 series

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Hybrid
• Compaq TC1000 • HP Compaq TC1100 • Tatung Tangy

Application software
• Comfort On-Screen Keyboard - advanced on-screen keyboard for Tablet PC • Microsoft Windows Journal • Microsoft Office OneNote

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Einstein Technologies Tablet Enhancements for Outlook • GO Corporation • Agilix GoBinder • Mobilis - Protectis Range • EverNote • InkSeine • IHMC CmapTools - a free concept mapping application • Xournal - a linux notetaking application • Ergo from Invu - a search, clustering, visualization and annotation application from YourErgo • OnSite Companion Construction Software for Tablet PC • MusicPad Pro: MusicReader - Electronic Music Stand - sheet music display on Tablet PC • Documentor: A Documentation Engine for Health Care Professionals

Tablet PC
image), http://www.freepatentsonline.com/ 1117184.pdf [5] Moodey, H.C. (1942-12-27), Telautograph System, United States Patent 2,269,599, http://users.erols.com/ rwservices/pens/ biblio70.html#Moodey40 [6] Moodey, H.C. (1942-12-27), Telautograph System, United States Patent 2,269,599 (full image), http://www.freepatentsonline.com/ 2269599.pdf [7] Bush, Vannevar (1945-07-15), As We May Think, The Atlantic Monthly, http://rwservices.no-ip.info:81/pens/ biblio70.html#BushV45 [8] Dimond, Tom (1957-12-01), Devices for reading handwritten characters, Proceedings of Eastern Joint Computer Conference, pp. 232–237, http://rwservices.no-ip.info:81/pens/ biblio70.html#Dimond57, retrieved on 2008-08-23 [9] RAND Tablet, 1961-09-01, http://users.erols.com/rwservices/pens/ biblio70.html#RAND61 [10] 50 Years of Looking Forward, RAND Corporation, 1998-09-01, http://www.rand.org/publications/ randreview/issues/rr.fall.98/50.html [11] Pencept Penpad (TM) 200 Product Literature, Pencept, Inc., 1982-08-15, http://rwservices.no-ip.info:81/pens/ biblio83.html#Pencept83 [12] Inforite Hand Character Recognition Terminal, Cadre Systems Limited, England, 1982-08-15, http://rwservices.no-ip.info:81/pens/ biblio83.html#Inforite82 [13] Users Manual for Penpad 320, Pencept, Inc., 1984-06-15, http://users.erols.com/ rwservices/pens/ biblio85.html#Pencept84d [14] Handwriter (R) GrafText (TM) System Model GT-5000, Communication Intelligence Corporation, 1985-01-15, http://rwservices.no-ip.info:81/pens/ biblio85.html#CIC85 [15] The BYTE Awards: GRiD System’s GRiDPad, BYTE Magazine, Vol 15. No 1, 1990-01-12, pp. 285, http://rwservices.no-ip.info:81/pens/ biblio90.html#GridPad90a [16] WANG Freestyle demo, Wang Laboratories, 1989, http://rwservices.no-

See also
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Pen computing Graphics tablet 802.11b/g Bluetooth CrunchPad HSPA MIL-STD-810F standard. Mobile Internet Device (MID) Nettop Numeric keypad RJ45 Solid-state drive (SSD). USB WiFi V12

References
[1] Gray (1888-07-31), Telautograph, United States Patent 386,815, http://rwservices.no-ip.info:81/pens/ biblio70.html#Gray1888b [2] Gray, Elisha (1888-07-31), Telautograph, United States Patent 386,815 (full image), http://www.freepatentsonline.com/ 386815.pdf [3] Goldberg, H.E. (1915-12-28), Controller, United States Patent 1,117,184, http://users.erols.com/rwservices/pens/ biblio70.html#GoldbergHE15 [4] Goldberg, H.E. (1915-12-28), Controller, United States Patent 1,117,184 (full

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tablet PC

ip.info:81/pens/ 2004-08-24, http://users.erols.com/ images.html#WangFreestyle, retrieved rwservices/pens/ on 2008-09-22 biblio05.html#Microsoft04a, retrieved [17] Lempesis, Bill (1990-05), What’s New in on 2008-09-04 Laptops and Pen Computing, Flat Panel [29] Windows XP Tablet PC Edition: Tablet Display News, http://rwservices.noPC: An Overview, Microsoft, 2002-06-01, ip.info:81/pens/ http://www.itxcgc.com/images/ biblio90.html#Momenta90 Brochures/Microsoft/ [18] Agulnick, Todd (1994-09-13), Control of TabletPCOverview.pdf, retrieved on a computer through a position-sensed 2008-09-04 stylus, United States Patent 5,347,295, [30] MSDN Ink collection http://users.erols.com/rwservices/pens/ [31] Convertibles: The new laptop bling? biblio95.html#Agulnick94 CNET News.com [19] Agulnick, Todd (1994-09-13), Control of [32] ^ Tablet PC offers capacitive touch a computer through a position-sensed sensing capability., Dell, Inc stylus, United States Patent 5,347,295 [33] jkOnTheRun:So what is multi-touch? (full image), [34] Rugged PC Review.com - Rugged Tablet http://www.freepatentsonline.com/ PCs: Getac E100 5347295.pdf [35] Configuring Your Tablet PC for Business [20] ( – Scholar search) NCR announces penSuccess based computer press release, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/ mi_m0NEW/is_1991_June_24/ • Microsoft Tablet PCs FAQ ai_10957018, retrieved on 2007-04-20 • DIY (touchscreen-equipped) Tablet PC [21] ( – Scholar search) Penpoint OS shipping • Jeff Han Talks About Touch-Driven press release, http://findarticles.com/p/ Computer Screens at HowStuffWorks articles/mi_m0NEW/is_1992_April_17/ • Annotated bibliography of references to ai_12165379, retrieved on 2007-04-20 handwriting recognition and pen [22] Lenovo - The history of ThinkPad computing [23] Trends at COMDEX Event 1999, • Notes on the unknown history of Pen http://www.guiart.fi/gobr01en.htm, Computing -- through 1992 retrieved on 2008-08-11 • How does Tablet PC’s digitizer work? [24] Microsoft (2005), Windows XP Tablet PC • MobilePCWiki - Tablet PC, UMPC wiki Edition 2005 Hardware Requirements, • Current list of convertible tablets www.microsoft.com, Tablet PCs in healthcare http://users.erols.com/rwservices/pens/ • Tablet PC: Moving Queensland Health biblio10.html#Microsoft06i, retrieved on towards a paperless future (Microsoft). 2009-03-14 • The Case for the Tablet PC in Health Care [25] Fingerworks, Inc. (2003), iGesture Game (HP, Based on a Microsoft White Paper). Mode Guide, www.fingerworks.com, • Tablet PCs in Health Care. http://rwservices.no-ip.info:81/pens/ • Documentor: A Documentation Engine for biblio05.html#Fingerworks03, retrieved Health Care Professionals on 2009-04030 Tablet PCs in education [26] Mintz, Jessica (2008-04-04), Microsoft to • College of Engineering announces alliance Appeal $367M Patent Ruling, The with Fujitsu and Microsoft — News article Associated Press, from Virginia Tech http://www.usatoday.com/tech/products/ • UW Classroom Presenter — Software 2008-04-04-2507619152_x.htm, retrieved designed at the University of Washington on 2008-09-04 to provide a unique presentation [27] HP TouchSmart tx2z, HP, environment utilizing the technology of http://www.shopping.hp.com/webapp/ Tablet PCs. shopping/ • Ubiquitous Presenter — Outgrowth of computer_can_series.do?storeName=computer_store&category=notebooks&a1=Category&v1=Mobil University of Washington’s Classroom retrieved on 2008-11-28 Presenter (CP), a program that uses [28] MSDN: Windows XP Tablet PC Edition: Tablet PC ink to allow instructors to Tablet PC: An Overview, Microsoft,

External links

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annotate pre-prepared slides and students to create submissions for in-class activities. Linux on Tablet Linux on Thinkpad X41 Tablet Microsoft Center for Research on PenCentric Computing Open Slate Project — Hardware, software, and course content built using opensource principles. UofL Student Tablet Users Group Student group at the University of Louisville promoting the Tablet PC Program instituted there.

Tablet PC
• Wesley College, Melbourne - First educational institution in Australia to use tablet styled PC’s (Fujitsu T4220) Tablet PCs in construction • Tablet PC Site Progress Management/ Workflow Management software for construction • Lily Homes, using Tablet PCs to manage home building • McDonald Jones Homes using Tablet PCs in the field for workflow management and Email • Fujitsu PC Australia construction industry case study

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Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tablet_PC" Categories: Tablet PC, Personal computers, Touchscreens This page was last modified on 7 May 2009, at 08:56 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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