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Source of Tax Law in Philippines document sample
Source of Tax Law in Philippines document sample
The Schizophrenic State of Tobacco Control in the Philippines Republic of the Philippines DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF MALARIA PHILIPPINES (Based on 10-year Ave, 1991 – 2000) Category A Provinces • 25 Provinces • more than 1000 cases/year • or situation worsened Category B Provinces • 22 Provinces • 100 to 1000 cases/year Category C Provinces • 18 Provinces • less than 100 cases/year Category D Provinces • Provinces that are already malaria-free (no more indigenous cases for at least 3 years) Source: Malaria Control Program, 2000 The Situation High mortality and morbidity rates from tobacco-related disease - Increasing prevalence for tobacco use among children and women - Limited government resources for tobacco-related diseases The Supply of Tobacco Tobacco is Tobacco sold by single industry is sticks on the formidable streets by child vendors Tobacco tycoons are Tobacco politically well- production and connected to members sale is a source of of the legislative and income for poor executive branches families of government The Demand for Tobacco Tobacco Entertainment advertising is a industry major source of “glamorizes” income for the tobacco broadcast and print media Culture of accommodation Many inhibits non-smokers political from demanding a leaders are smoke-free smokers environment The Schizophrenic State - Voted for the ratification of the FCTC - Enacted Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003 & Excise Tax Law of 2005 - Updated local ordinances against smoking – Makati, Davao, Mandaluyong, etc. The Schizophrenic State Health professionals smoke in front of their patients – 1 out of 3 MDs National Tobacco Authority looking for alternative uses of tobacco Department of Trade & Industry chairing the IAC for Tobacco Control Department of Education accepts money for schools & lauds Phillip Morris for Youth Smoking Prevention Program OP inaugurates a Phillip Morris plant The Shift in Strategy HEALTH HEALTH PROMOTION PROTECTION Public Empowerment For Policy Change The Old Strategy - Focus on educational programs for children in schools - Promote healthy lifestyle The New Strategy -Aggressively mobilize a constituency to support the Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003, the Excise Tax Law of 2005 and local tobacco control legislation - Use the FCTC to buttress national tobacco control policies EXTRA CHALLENGE FROM SCHIZOPHRENIA TO WHOLENESS The Six Components of the NTCP - Media, Advocacy & Promotion - Smoking Cessation Program - Epidemiologic Surveillance & Research - Education Program - Economic Alternative Program for Tobacco Farmers - Legislation/ Public Policy Development Media, Advocacy & Promotion - There is no such thing as industry vv health “balance” - Blacklist agencies, organizations, companies, individuals associated with tobacco industry Media, Advocacy & Promotion - Case find patients cum victims of exposure to tobacco for litigation Smoking Cessation Program - Set up smoking cessation clinics in all government retained hospitals & major medical centers Surveillance & Research Global Youth Tobacco Survey Health Professionals’ Tobacco Survey Burden of Illness Studies Packaging & Labelling Tobacco Industry Activities Monitoring of Implementation of Tobacco Regulation Act, Excise Tax Law, FCTC, Ordinances Education Program - Integrate TC in medical/allied health professionals’ curricula Economic Alternative Program - Abolish the National Tobacco Authority Legislation The Tobacco Regulation Act provides for: - prohibiting sale of cigarettes to minors - banning smoking in public places such as schools, health facilities, public conveyances, food preparation areas, etc. Legislation - banning of tobacco ads, sponsorships taxation ban ads on TV & radio – 1 jan 2007 ban ads on cinema & outdoor ads – 1 july 2007 ban ads on mass media advs – 1 july 2008 - warning labels - economic alternative for tobacco farmers Legislation / Public Policy Development A. National Step up implementation of the Tobacco Regulation Act by the IAC, chaired by the DTI and vice-chaired by the DOH - Provide incentives to local governments & groups deputized to catch offenders & collect fines Legislation / Public Policy Development A. National - Push for implementation of the Excise Tax Law; plan to wisely spend monies earmarked for “disease prevention” - Increase levies to provide disincentives to ”sensitive”, perilous companies Legislation / Public Policy Development A. National Push for an issuance to declare: - Tobacco as a hazardous substance - Nicotine-containing products as prescription drugs Legislation B. International Treaty - Invoke the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) - a WHO initiative and international legal instrument which will circumscribe global tobacco consumption In Summary -Tobacco control is in a state of ambuguity & schizophrenia -It is incumbent upon health professionals to bring the true picture clearly into focus Thank You !
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