'Mississippi Career Pathways Model'

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					                   A Message from Dr. Hank Bounds
                      If you ask a high school student in Mississippi what career he or she would like    Table of Contents
                      to have, it is likely you will not get a direct response. Our new Redesigning
                      Education for the 21st Century Workforce (Redesign) plan will change that.
                      This plan intends to implement workforce education starting in kindergarten and     What Will Career and
                      coach students to select a career pathway in the 10th grade. This plan will make    Technical Educators
                      the overwhelming experience of choosing the best career path less intimidating      Teach? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
                      and will better prepare our students for the future workplace.
                                                                                                          Agricultural Sciences . . . . 3
                     The first phase of the Redesign plan began with an analysis of how Mississippi
would meet the No Child Left Behind mandate of every student being technology literate by the             Allied Health . . . . . . . . . . . 5
8th grade. This led to a taskforce examining the 7th- to 9th-grade Discovery courses and how
these should be converted to prepare students for the new demands of secondary and postsecondary          Automotive Service . . . . . 7
education, higher education, and the workforce. As a result, the state legislature allocated funds to
implement 14 pilot sites implementing the new 7th-grade Information and Communication Technology I        Culinary Arts. . . . . . . . . . . 9
(ICT I) and the 9th-grade Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) courses in the 2007–08
school year. These sites are well under way and undergoing close evaluation to determine effectiveness.
                                                                                                          Education . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
The first phase of the plan also includes the establishment of a taskforce for dropout prevention and
a statewide plan to tackle this problem. A state plan has been developed, and districts are steadily      Management . . . . . . . . . . 13
establishing plans locally. Training from the Office of Dropout Prevention is currently under way in
districts. Plans will be evaluated for effectiveness.                                                     Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . 15

The second phase of the Redesign plan includes a new set of sites selected for the 2008–09 school year    Marketing
to implement the 7th- and 9th-grade courses and the original pilot sites implementing the 8th-grade       and Economics . . . . . . . . 17
ICT II course.This phase also includes the development and implementation of the new career pathways
in grades 10 through 12. Local administrators have the flexibility to choose pathways that are the best   Construction . . . . . . . . . . 19
fit to their marketplace and that compliment the resources they already have in place.

 The pathways available for the 2008– 09 school year include the following:
    •   Agricultural Sciences                                   •   Education
    •   Allied Health                                           •   Management
    •   Automotive Service                                      •   Manufacturing
    •   Construction                                            •   Marketing and Economics
    •   Culinary Arts
 For more information about the 2008–09 site selection, go to http://redesign.rcu.msstate.edu/.

Funding for the second phase will be requested during this legislative session and will include
implementation of the courses mentioned above as well as counselor training and the establishment
of graduation coaches in the districts. Graduation coaches will be responsible for identifying students
at risk of dropping out and using guided interventions to get them back on track, including assisting
students with career pursuits as well as academics.

Phase 3 of the Redesign plan involves the continued development of the career pathways model for
grades 10 through 12 and the embedding of workforce education in the academic curricula grades
kindergarten through 6. Full implementation of the Redesign plan statewide will take approximately
5 years.

This issue outlines the career pathways that are currently in development for the 2008–09 school year.
The pages that follow include a research synopsis of each pathway, including definitions of the career
clusters and pathways, industry employment projections and wage data, feedback from industry,
articulation, and academic credits.

For more information about the Redesign plan, please go to http://redesign.rcu.msstate.edu/.
Thank you for your support to move education forward in Mississippi.




Hank M. Bounds
State Superintendent of Education
What Will Career and Technical Educators Teach?
           It is the question that is on all career and technical education teachers’ minds. During the fall of
           2007, research was conducted with industry, community colleges, and state universities to determine
           what courses were needed to meet the needs of Mississippi’s changing economy. Based on this research,
           seven clusters and 28 career pathway courses have been identified to meet the needs of a high-demand,
           high-skill, and high-wage economy. Figure 1 shows an overview of each career pathway course. Each
           career pathway course will be aligned to the related career field and will demonstrate the need for
           instruction that provides students with preparation for postsecondary education in the career fields
           of their choice.

           A Curriculum That Has an Increased Focus on Standards
           Curriculum writers visited www.careerclusters.org to determine what the national knowledge and
           skills standards were for each career pathway course. Each knowledge and skills chart was developed
           from input from state schools, educators, employers, industry groups, and other stakeholders. This
           set of knowledge and skill statements has been endorsed by the National Association of State
           Directors of Career and Technical Education Consortium (NASDCTEC).

           A Curriculum That Has an Increased Focus on Certifications
           After looking at national standards, curriculum writers began to align the national knowledge and
           skill standards to the related industry certifications. When looking at certification requirements,
           curriculum developers placed a higher importance on depth of knowledge instead of coverage.
           Educators from across the state gave vital input on what should realistically be taught in the
           classroom and what should be reserved for the community college classroom.

           A Curriculum That Has an Increased Focus on Articulation
           Each curriculum writing team had a postsecondary teacher from a related field. One of the overall
           purposes of the Redesign initiative is to prepare students for future education experiences. With this
           increased focus on articulation, the current articulation agreements will grow to serve Mississippi
           students better. For more information related to the current articulation agreements, please visit
           http://www.sbcjc.cc.ms.us/pdfs/statewideartmanual.pdf.

           A Curriculum That Has an Increased Focus on Academic Foundations
           After interviews and observations at Mississippi industries, it was apparent that employers need
           employees with strong foundations in academic skills. For example, students need to be able to
           transfer what they learn in a geometry class to an architecture or engineering concept. With this
           in mind, curriculum writing teams included an academic teacher to help design the curriculum in
           a way that increases the academic integration and expectations while keeping the important
           technical skills.

           A Curriculum That Has an Increased Focus on 21st Century Skills
           After employers told researchers about the skills and academic knowledge needed, they simply said
           that they need workers who are dependable and able to problem solve. The new career pathway
           courses will include 21st century skills as a core component. These skills will be integrated in every
           unit of the new curriculum. Information related to 21st century skills can be found at
           http://www.21stcenturyskills.org/.

           A Curriculum That Has an Increased Focus on College Readiness
           In researching different trends and issues in secondary and postsecondary education, it became
           apparent that the content between high school exit exams and college admissions and placement
           tests differs leading to understandable confusion about what students really need to know in order
           to succeed in college. In an effort to strengthen the connection between high school courses and
           to prepare students better for college, the new Redesign vocational curriculum includes academic
           integration based on ACT College Readiness English, mathematics, writing, reading, and science
           standards. These standards can be found at http://www.act.org/standard/.


   1
                  What Will Career and Technical Educators Teach?
 Figure 1 - Mississippi Career Pathways Model
  Agriculture and Natural Resources                                                    Architecture and Engineering                            Polymer Science                       Finance                    Management
  •   Plant Science and Production                                                     •   Introduction to Engineering Design                  • Technical Skills                    • Business Core            • Business Core
  •   Animal Science and Production                                                    •   Principles of Engineering                           • Analysis                            • Accounting               • Office Procedures
  •   Soil, Water, and Air Quality, Conservation, and Use                              •   Digital Electronics                                 • Business Skills                     • Finance                  • Office Management
  •   Agricultural Power, Structures, and Technological Systems                        •   Specialization Course
  •   Management, Economics, and Marketing                                                 (Architecture, CIM, Aerospace, or Biomedical)

  Horticulture/Landscaping                Aquaculture
  • Plant Science and Production          •       Water Management                                                                                                  Marketing and Economics                     Information Technology
  • Soil, Water, and Air Quality,         •       Culture Methods                                  Digital Media Technology                                         •     Business Core                         • Hardware
    Conservation, and Use                 •       Aquatic Farm Management                          • Digital Design: Web Design                                     •     Marketing Concepts                    • Information Support
  • Greenhouse Nursery Production         •       Aquatic Health Management                        • Digital Video: Video Design and Production                     •     Economic Concepts                       and Services
  • Landscape Design Installation                                                                  • Visual Design: Design and Print Production                     •     Business Math                         • Network Systems
    and Maintenance                                                                                                                                                                                             • Programming

  AEST                                    Custodial and Caretaker
  • Plant Science and Production          • Plant Science
  • Animal Science and Production           and Production                                                   Science, Technology,                                                      Hospitality and Tourism
  • Soil, Water, and Air Quality,         • Building Maintenance                                                 Engineering,                                                          • Hospitality Industry Concepts

                                                                                      es
    Conservation, and Use                 • Housekeeping                                                       and Mathematics                                                         • Hotel Operations
  • Agricultural Power, Structures,         Procedures                              nc                                                                                                 • Employee Relations and Supervisory Skills
                                                                                 cie
    and Technological Systems
                                                                               lS




                                                                                                                                                       Bu
  • Management, Economics,
                                                                             ra




                                                                                                                                                         si
    and Marketing




                                                                                                                                                           ne
                                                                           tu
                                                                         ul




                                                                                                                                                             ss
                                                                                                                   Foundation
                                                                      ric
                                                                    Ag




                                                                                                             Skills and Knowledge
  Allied Health                                                                                                                                                                                 Installation and Service
                                                                                                        Academic and Technical Literacy                                                         • Fundamentals of Installation and Service
  • Health-care Concepts
                                                                                                         •    Academic Foundations                                                              • Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning
  • Terminology, Anatomy, and Physiology




                                                                                                                                                                    Manu ction and
                                                                                                         •    Communications                                                                    • Industrial Maintenance
  • Health-care Skills
                                                                     Healt




                                                                                                                                                                              ring
                                                                                                         •    Employability and Career Development
                                                                                                         •    Ethics and Legal Responsibility                                                   Manufacturing




                                                                                                                                                                         factu
                                                                          h Scie




                                                                                                         •    Information Technology Applications                                               • Fundamentals of Metal Trades




                                                                                                                                                                       tru
                                                                                                         •    Leadership and Teamwork                                                           • Basic Metal Trade and Welding Skills
                                                                                                         •    Safety, Health, and the Environment                                               • Advanced Metal Trade and Welding Skills




                                                                                                                                                                   Cons
  LPN Option
                                                                                nces




  •   Health-care Concepts
  •   Terminology, Anatomy, and Physiology
                                                                                                                                                                                                Welding
  •   Health-care Skills
                                                                                                                                                                                                •   Lock-Out Tag-Out Safety
  •   Focused Internship
                                                                                                                                                           ,                                    •   Shielded Metal Arc Welding
                                                                                              Tra                                            s,         Art                                     •   Gas Metal Welding
                                                                                                 nsp
                                                                                                    ort                                   nce s                                                 •   Flux Core Arc Welding
                                                                                                       atio                            cie anitie
                                                                                                           n                        n S um                                                      •   Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
                                                                                                                                 ma                                                             •   Plasma Arc Cutting
  Personal Care and Cosmetology                                                                                                Hu and H                                                         •   Intro to Robotic Welding
  •   Safety and Sanitation                                                                                                                       Design Technology
  •   Scientific Concepts                                                                                                                                      •        Fashion Design
  •   Hair                                                                                                                                                     •        Fashion Merchandising
  •   Skin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Construction
                                              Transportation Logistics                                                                                         •        Architectural Design                             •   Carpentry
  •   Nails                                   •       Facility and Mobile Equipment Maintenance                                                                •        Interior Design                                  •   Electrical
                                              •       Health, Safety, and Environmental Management                                                                                                                       •   Masonry
                                              •       Logistics Planning and Management Services                                   Education                                                Early Childhood              •   Plumbing
                                              •       Transportation Operations                                                    •   Understanding Students                               •   Health and Safety
                                              •       Warehousing and Distribution Center Operations                               •   Learning Environment                                 •   Developmental Stages
                                                                                                                                   •   Teaching and Assessing Learning                      •   Program Management
                                                                                                                                   •   Teacher Professionalism                              •   Learning Environment

      Diesel Service                              Automotive Service                         Collision
      •   Foundations                             •    Brakes                                •   Structural                        Social Services                                          Culinary Arts
      •   Engine and Vehicle Service              •    Electrical/Electronics                •   Non-structural                    • Law, Public Safety, and Security                       •   Sanitation and Safety
      •   Electrical Systems                      •    Steering/Suspension                   •   Mechanical/Electrical             • Government and Public Administration                   •   Food Preparation and Equipment
      •   Hydraulics and Power Trains             •    Engine Performance                    •   Painting and Refinishing          • Counseling and Mental Service                          •   Customer Service and History
      •   Engine Rebuilding                                                                                                                                                                 •   Math, Management, and Menu




Phase II RFP Information Meetings                                                                                                The morning informational meeting will conclude by noon each
                                                                                                                                 day. Participants may choose to attend an afternoon session that
Regional Phase II orientation meetings are scheduled in December                                                                 provides tips for writing successful grant proposals. All districts
2007 for districts that are interested in applying to the Redesigning                                                            may send personnel to the morning meeting and afternoon
Education for the 21st Century Workforce Phase II Request                                                                        meetings.
for Proposals.
                                                                                                                                 For more information about the Phase II RFP Information Meetings,
The purpose of these meetings is to explain details, requirements,                                                               please visit http://redesign.rcu.msstate.edu or contact Robin
and other items related to the application process as well as                                                                    Parker at 662-325-2510.
answer questions districts may have.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2
Agricultural Sciences
            The Agricultural Sciences Career Cluster covers the broad field of occupations related to the
            production and use of plants and animals for food, fiber, aesthetic, and environmental purposes.
            Sales of food and fiber products amounted to 5.8 billion dollars in 2005 according to USDA statistics.
            The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce estimates that 30% of the state’s workforce
            is employed in jobs relating directly or indirectly to agriculture.

            The Agricultural Sciences Career Cluster currently consists of three major career pathways defined
            as follows:
              • Agriculture and Environmental Science and Technology targets careers at the professional
                 and technical levels in agriculture. Students enrolled in these courses should be better prepared
                 to pursue degrees at the community college and 4-year college level.
              • Horticulture and Landscape Design targets careers in the horticulture and landscaping
                 industries, including greenhouse and nursery operations and landscape design, installation, and
                 maintenance. Students will receive entry-level job skills and will be better prepared to enter
                 postsecondary programs.
              • Agriculture and Natural Resources targets career fields in agricultural production and
                 forest enterprises. Students will receive entry-level job skills and will be better prepared to
                 enter postsecondary programs.

            Data for this synopsis were compiled from employment projections prepared by the Mississippi
            Department of Employment Security and the U. S. Department of Labor. Proposed national standards
            for agricultural sciences programs were also used as well as expectations of community colleges and 4-
            year institutions in the state. Telephone and face-to-face interviews were conducted with
            representatives of agricultural industries and associations in Mississippi to obtain further
            information and expectations.

              Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
              Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department
                                                                                                           Projected
                                                                                                          Employment
                                                                                                            Growth              Total Projected
                                                                           2004            2014 Projected 2004 to 2014            Avg. Annual
                                 Occupation                             Employment          Employment Number Percent            Job Openings
            Agriculturally Related Technicians and Scientists                   29,680              34,020   4,340      14.6%           1,045
            Farm and Forest Owners, Managers, and Workers                       14,830              15,260    420        2.8%             355
            Horticulture Landscaping                                             19,310             21,780   2,570      13.3%             725

              Perkins Information – Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates
              for Mississippi May 2006
              Note: Amounts produced in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

                                                                                                         Average              Average
                                        Occupation                                    Employment        Hourly Wage         Annual Wage
            Farmers and Ranchers                                                                2,760        $17.85                   $43,560
            Farm Managers and Supervisors                                                       2,640        $23.23                   $48,360
            Logging Equipment Operators                                                         3,890        $14.28                   $30,880
            Landscaping Supervisors                                                             2,990        $17.93                   $40,240
            Landscape Workers                                                                   8,560        $10.22                   $23,010
            Agricultural Scientists/Technicians                                                29,680        $18.33                   $38,555


            Industry Feedback
            Curriculum development for the Agricultural Sciences Pathway was aligned with input from
            industry representatives.
            • While opportunities to enter farming on a full-scale commercial enterprise basis are limited,
              opportunities do exist and are expected to increase as current operators retire and begin to
              rent their land to companies and individuals. Opportunities are also expected to increase for
              consultants and technicians who support production enterprises by providing specialized services
              to producers.
   3
                                                                                        Agricultural Sciences
• Students need to develop skills related to leadership, teamwork, communication, work ethics,
  habits, and values. A basic knowledge of economics, recordkeeping, budgeting, and business
  decision-making skills will be essential in today’s “lean” environment.

• Opportunities for high school graduates in all fields of agriculture are limited to the basic entry-level
  positions. More abundant opportunities exist for students who have received advanced training
  at community colleges or 4-year colleges.

• All respondents agreed that a common core of knowledge and skills existed across all three major
  pathways related to the following themes: leadership and personal development; principles of
  plant science and production; principles of soil science and air and water quality; principles of
  agricultural power, structures, and technology; and principles of economics and management. A
  sixth theme, principles of animal science and production, exists for students in the AEST and
  Agriculture and Natural Resources pathway.

• All respondents agreed that students in all three pathways should be exposed to the process by
  which agricultural products are grown, managed, harvested, processed, and marketed. As students
  study this process, they should also be exposed to the different careers that are involved in all
  segments of the industry.

• The role of federal and state agencies including the USDA, OSHA, FDA, EPA, and so forth should
  be discussed. Also, the role of agricultural organizations such as the Poultry Association, Nurseryman’s
  Association, and Farm Bureau needs to be investigated.


  Articulation
                Secondary Program                      Postsecondary Program       Postsecondary Courses
Agricultural & Environmental                         Ag Business & Mgmt Tech   AGT 1214 – Applied Principles
Science & Tech – Animals                                                       of Animal Production
Agricultural & Environmental                         Ag Business & Mgmt Tech   AGT 1313 – Applied Principles
Science & Tech – Plants                                                        of Plant Production
Agricultural & Environmental Science & Tech –        Ag Business & Mgmt Tech   AGT 1613 – Agricultural Records
Agribusiness and Entrepreneurship Technology
Agriculture & Natural Resources                      Ag Business & Mgmt Tech   AGT 1111 – Survey of Agriculture
Horticulture                                         Horticulture/             HLT 1214 – Applied Principles of
                                                     Landscaping Cluster       Plant Propagation


Academic Credit
The following existing courses may count for one unit of science for high school graduation credit:
• Concepts of Agriscience (AEST)                 • Science of Agricultural Plants (AEST)
• Science of Agricultural Animals (AEST)         • Science of Agricultural Environment (AEST)
Two units of science credit may be counted toward high school graduation for students who complete
the following programs:
• AEST (minimum of three courses)                          • Horticulture

  Common Themes Across Pathways
                         Theme                          AEST Ag and Natural Resources   Horticulture/Landscape
Principles of Leadership, Personal Development,
and Career Success
Principles of Plant Science and Production
Principles of Animal Science and Production
Principles of Soil, Water, and Air Quality,
Conservation, and Use
Principles of Agricultural Power, Structures,
and Technological Systems
Principles of Management, Economics, and Marketing

                                                                                                                  4
Allied Health
                By implementing the National Health Care Foundation Skill Standards in the Allied Health Pathway,
                students who successfully master the curriculum should have the skills required to take the National
                Health Science Assessment, which is based on industry-validated performance indicators. In addition,
                students should be prepared to take the Mississippi Home Health Aide and the Mississippi Homemaker
                exams through the Mississippi Department of Education and also to complete the requirements and
                take the certification test to become certified nurse aides at a Mississippi Department of Health-approved
                site. Students should also be prepared to enter programs for advanced education in health-care fields.
                The pathway will include applied instruction designed to provide two Carnegie units in science to
                partially fulfill high school graduation academic requirements and will articulate to allied health programs
                offered in Mississippi’s community and junior colleges.

                  Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
                  Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department

                                                                                                      Total Projected
                                                                   2004           2014 Projected        Avg. Annual         Average    Average
                                Occupation                      Employment         Employment          Job Openings         Hourly     Annual
                Registered Nurses                                     28,560               36,910                1,430       $24.10    $50,130
                Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants              19,070               23,710                  715        $8.32    $17,310
                Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurses                  11,060               13,280                  465       $14.45    $30,070
                Home Health Aides                                       3,610               5,650                  250        $8.16    $16,960
                Psychiatric Aides                                       7,120               8,450                  225        $8.49    $17,650


                Industry Feedback
                Curriculum development for the Allied Health Pathway was aligned with input from
                industry representatives.

                • “Along with job stability, competitive salaries, and the joy of helping others, there are many
                  opportunities for advancement in the health-care field, and the high school program in health
                  sciences provides opportunities for students to begin their careers in the field.”

                • “If I could recommend one thing to add to the curriculum, it would be to teach students how
                  to treat people.”


                  Articulation
                          Secondary Program                      Postsecondary Program                         Postsecondary Courses

                Allied Health                                   Health Information Tech              HIT 1213 – Medical Terminology

                                                                Medical Asst Tech                    MET 1113 – Medical Terminology


                Academic Integration
                The Allied Health Pathway will include 280 hours of applied instruction designed to meet the
                competencies and objectives outlined in the academic science curricula published by the
                Mississippi Department of Education.
                Source: Mississippi Department of Education Science Framework
                http://www.mde.k12.ms.us/acad/id/curriculum/Science/science_curr.htm




   5
                                                                                                                                  Allied Health

 Course Content
      Health-care Concepts          Terminology, Anatomy,           Health-care Skills          Employability and Careers
                                       and Physiology

Safety (patient, personal,         Medical terminology           Therapeutic services           Career exploration
equipment)                          • Spelling                     • Care plans                  • Professional organizations
  • OSHA                             • Root words, prefixes,       • Recognizing change           • Health-care
                                       and suffixes                  in status                      delivery systems
  • Local, state, and federal
    guidelines                       • Abbreviations               • First aid and CPR            • Education and credentials
  • Accident and injury              • Symbols                     • Working with sensory           of health-care personnel
    prevention                       • Usage in reading,             impaired patients            • Role delineation/scope
  •   Disaster planning                speaking, interpreting,     • Bathing, dressing,             of practice
                                       and writing                   grooming, nails, feet,       • Careers in health
  •   Reduction of risk                                              positioning, comforting,
  •   Security planning                                                                             informatics, diagnostic
                                                                     bed-making,
  •   Home safety                                                    transferring, range            services, therapeutic
                                                                     of motion, assistive           services, support services,
  •   Safety devices                                                 devices, and ambulation        and biotechnology
  •   Body mechanics
                                                                   • Vital signs and weight         research and
                                                                                                    development
                                                                   • Nutrition
                                                                                                  • Personal growth
                                                                   • Hydration and
                                                                     elimination                  • Career decision making
                                                                   • Reproduction concepts
                                                                   • Pharmaceutical agents
                                                                   • Mental health concepts
                                                                   • Oxygen therapy
                                                                   • Mouth care

Asepsis and infection control      Anatomy, physiology,          Diagnostic services            Academic and workplace
                                   and disease                                                  skills for health-care careers
  • Standard/universal                                             • Safety measures
    precautions                      • Cells and organization                                     • Oral and written
                                       of the body                 • Radiation therapy              communication
  • Pathogenic
    microorganisms                   • Body planes,                • Lab procedures               • Medical literature/
                                       cavities, etc.                and values
  • Isolation                                                                                       references use
  • Hazardous and                    • Integumentary                                              • 21st century skills
    infectious materials             • Muscular                  Health informatics
                                                                                                  • Leadership, management,
  • Hand-washing techniques          • Skeletal                    • Smart charting                 and teamwork
  • Donning and                      • Circulatory                 • Computer and                 • Work ethic: punctuality,
    removing gloves                                                  Web proficiency                attitude, customer
                                     • Respiratory                                                  service, and endurance
  • Instrument preparation,                                        • Spreadsheets
    wrapping, and sterilization      • Digestive                                                  • Prioritizing and
                                                                   • Referral process
  • Medical waste disposal           • Urinary                                                      organizing
  • Infection control measures       • Nervous/sensory                                            • Appearance
                                     • Reproductive                                               • Interpersonal relations
                                     • Endocrine                                                  • Professionalism

Legal and ethical responsibility   Growth and development                                       Employment skills
  • Client’s rights                  • Stages of development                                      • Resume, job application,
  • Professional ethics                                                                             and interview
                                     • Mental, emotional,
                                       and health needs                                           • Performance
  • Legal responsibility                                                                            improvement/quality
    and torts                        • Maslow’s hierarchy
                                       and Erikson’s stages                                         assurance
  • Confidentiality and privacy                                                                   • Policies and procedures
                                     • Cultural, social, and
  • Codes, regulations, and            ethnic diversity/needs                                     • Resource management
    acts (e.g., HIPAA and
                                     • Body image and                                             • Letter of resignation
    Vulnerable Adult Act)              role changes
  • Advocacy, abuse,                 • Health promotion
    and neglect                        and disease prevention
  • Informed consent                 • Family interactions
  • Background checks                • End of life concepts
                                       and grief
                                     • Advance directives
                                                                                                                                           6
Automotive Service
           Data used to develop the Automotive Service Pathway were collected from a variety of sources
           including industry surveys and interviews; occupational employment projections; national standards;
           Mississippi Department of Education, institutions of higher learning, and community and junior college
           requirements; and state and national certification requirements. The pathway is designed to provide
           an overview of the automotive service area to prepare students for careers in occupations predicted
           to have a high number of available jobs in the next 10 years. These jobs are in the automotive service
           sector. Industry input was collected from automotive service businesses in the state of Mississippi to
           customize the pathway to meet the needs of Mississippi’s employers. Employment projections were
           obtained from the Mississippi Economic Review & Outlook, Mississippi Department of Employment
           Security, and National Occupational Outlook Handbook. Students who successfully master the curriculum
           should have the skills required to take the Automotive Service Excellence certification, which is based
           on industry-validated performance indicators. Students should also be prepared to enter programs
           for advanced education in the automotive fields. The pathway will articulate to automotive service
           programs offered in Mississippi’s community and junior colleges.


             Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
             Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department

                                                                                                 Total Projected
                                                              2004           2014 Projected      Average Annual        Average    Average
                          Occupation                       Employment         Employment          Job Openings         Hourly     Annual
           Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment                      2,420               2,720                  300        $8.55    $17,790
           Automotive Service Technicians                          7,420               8,650                  320       $14.84    $30,870
           and Mechanics
           Tire Repairers and Changers                               980               1,070                   50        $9.94    $20,670
           Automotive Glass Installers                               200                 230                     5      $13.94    $29,000


           Industry Feedback
           Curriculum development for the Automotive Service Pathway was aligned with input from
           industry representatives.

           • Many of the employers agree that the ASE standards are important and need to be taught through
             theory and hands-on application. Employers want employees to have the ASE certifications but
             realize that the students still need time on the job to complete the “hours worked in the
             field” requirement.
           • Many employers compensate employees based on the number of certifications, and most employers
             encourage employees to obtain certification. Most employers have training programs available to
             allow employees to advance and obtain advanced certifications.
           • Employers indicated that employees need to have customer service skills. They expect employees
             to prioritize and organize tasks that will enable the vehicle to return to service as soon as possible.
           • Basic computer skills are needed because many businesses use computers for record keeping and
             warranty claims.


             Articulation
                     Secondary Program                      Postsecondary Program                         Postsecondary Courses
           Automotive Service Tech                         Automotive Tech                      ATT 1213 – Brakes



           Academic Integration
           Academic skills mentioned include basic math, reading, and writing. Overall, the industry
           representatives agreed that Brakes, Steering/Suspension, Electrical/Electronics, and Engine
           Performance need to be taught in the high schools. These are the basic building blocks for
           advanced training. Content needs to be taught as theory with hands-on application.


   7
                                                                                               Automotive Service

  Course Content

The National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation (NATEF) was founded in 1983 as an
independent, non-profit organization with a single mission: to evaluate technician training programs
using standards that were developed by the automotive industry and recommend qualifying programs
for certification (accreditation) by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE).
In 2004, the curriculum was strategically aligned to the standards to allow programs at a local level
to become certified. The secondary programs were aligned with Brakes, Electrical/Electronics,
Steering/Suspension, and Engine Performance. Currently, there are five certified secondary
programs in the state of Mississippi with more applying yearly.


            Brakes                 Electrical/Electronics     Steering/Suspension         Engine Performance

 • General brake                 • General electrical       • General suspension and   • General engine diagnosis
   system diagnosis                system diagnosis           steering systems         • Computerized engine
 • Hydraulic brake diagnosis                                  diagnosis
                                 • Battery diagnosis                                     controls diagnosis
   and repair                      and service              • Steering systems           and repair
 • Drum brake diagnosis          • Starting system            diagnosis and repair
   and repair                                                                          • Ignition system diagnosis
                                   diagnosis and repair     • Suspension systems
 • Disc brake diagnosis                                                                • Fuel, air induction, and
                                 • Charging system            diagnosis and repair
   and repair                                                                            exhaust systems diagnosis
 • Power assist unit diagnosis     diagnosis and repair     • Wheel alignment            and repair
   and repair                    • Lighting systems           diagnosis, adjustment,
                                                                                       • Emissions control systems
                                   diagnosis and repair       and repair
 • Miscellaneous diagnosis                                                               diagnosis and repair
   and repair                    • Gauges, warning                                     • Engine-related service
 • Antilock brake and traction     devices, and driver
   control systems                 information systems
                                 • Horn and wiper/washer
                                   diagnosis and repair
                                 • Accessories diagnosis
                                   and repair




                                                                                                                     8
Culinary Arts
            Students who successfully master the curriculum should have the skills required to take the National
            Restaurant Associations exam, which is based on industry-validated performance indicators. In addition,
            students should be prepared to take the Mississippi Culinary and Related Food Technology exams
            through the Mississippi Department of Education and also to complete the requirements and take
            the certification test to become ServSafe® certified on a national level.

                Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
                Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department


                                                   2004           2014 Projected                                    Total Projected Average
                       Occupation               Employment         Employment          Number        Percent              Job Openings
            Food Service Managers                       5,560               6,090           530         9.5%                             145
            Food Preparation and                      96,490              112,160        15,670       16.2%                             5,135
            Serving Related Occupations


            Industry Feedback
            Curriculum development for the Culinary Arts Pathway was aligned with input from
            industry representatives.

            • “Teamwork is a must in the restaurant industry.”

            •    “Our staff must be on time.”
            • “Being self-motivated and taking the initiative to do things are a wanted skill.”

                Articulation
                        Secondary Program                       Postsecondary Program                        Postsecondary Courses
            Culinary & Related Foods Technology               Hospitality & Tourism               HRT 1123 – Intro to Hospitality
                                                              Management Technology               and Tourism Industry
                                                                                                  HRT 1213 – Sanitation and Safety
                                                                                                  HRT 2613 – Hospitality Supervision
                                                              Food Production &                   FPV 1113 – Fundamentals of Operational
                                                              Management Technology               Procedures in Food Service
                                                                                                  FPV 1213 – Food Service Sanitation
            For the HRT 1213 – Sanitation and Safety and FPV 1213 – Food Service Sanitation courses, articulated credit
            will be granted when students score 80% or above on the MS-CPAS2 exam and sucessfully pass the ServeSafe® exam.


            Academic Integration
            The Culinary Arts and Restaurant Management Pathway includes communication and math skills.

            National Standards/Certifications
            Successfully completing the 2-year ProStart program and passing year 1 and year 2 exams earns
            the student the National ProStart Certificate of Achievement and puts him or her on the road to
            management in one of America’s largest industries. Many university hospitality and culinary programs
            across the country accept ProStart courses for college credit, knowing that graduates of the ProStart
            program have completed an approved curriculum and meet high standards of excellence. In Mississippi,
            many community colleges articulate three to six credit hours in Food Production and Management
            Technology or Hospitality & Tourism Management and Technology from the courses taken on the
            secondary level. The cost of the test depends on the individual high school. Twelve high schools are
            members of the Mississippi Restaurant Association’s ProStart program, and their exams are paid for by
            the association.The other 21 schools are not members of the ProStart program and are not eligible
            to take the national exam, only the CPAS exam through the MDE.

            Resources
            www.bls.gov
            www.nraef.org


   9
                                                                                                                    Culinary Arts

 Course Content
    Sanitation and Safety           Food Preparation        Customer Service, History,      Math, Management,
                                     and Equipment            Tourism, and Lodging              and Menu

Food safety and sanitation      Culinary basics             Customer service             Math and management
  • Food Safety                   • Nutrition                 • Customer relations        • Mathematical calculations
  • Food Safety System                                                                      to culinary practices
                                  • Cooking methods           • Interpersonal skills
  • Flow of Food                                                                          • Budgeting
                                  • Standardized recipes      • Customer
  • ServSafe®/Clean and                                         communication             • Accounting practice
    sanitary kitchen              • Well-balanced meals
                                                              • Art of service            • Inventory control
                                  • Breakfast foods
                                                              • Working with others       • Food cost control
                                  • Dairy products
                                                                                          • Ordering, purchasing,
                                  • Sandwiches
                                                                                            and receiving
                                  • Salads and dressings
                                  • Garnishing/plating
                                  • Weights and measures
                                  • Fruits and vegetables
                                  • Potatoes, grains,
                                    legumes, and pasta
                                  • Breads
                                  • Baked goods
                                  • Meat, poultry, fish,
                                    and seafood
                                  • Stocks, soups,
                                    and sauces

Workplace safety and security   Equipment                   History, tourism, and        Menu
  • Emergency techniques                                    lodging
                                  • Hand tools                                            • Selling price
    and procedures                                            • Culinary History
                                  • Identifying small and                                 • Well-balanced menu
                                    large equipment           • Tourism                   • Design
                                  • Safe use and              • Lodging Industry          • Marketing
                                    maintenance
                                    of equipment




                                                                                                                            10
Education
            There is an urgent need not only to attract more people into the teaching profession but also to
            build a more diverse, highly qualified, and culturally sensitive teaching force that can meet the needs
            of a rapidly changing school-age population. The projected number of elementary, secondary, and
            community college teachers that will be needed in Mississippi significantly outweighs the number
            of students enrolled in teacher preparation programs throughout the state.
            The Education Pathway course is a 2-year, four-Carnegie-unit course that will:
                • recruit quality high school students for the teaching profession;
                • give qualified high school students an opportunity to begin a successful career path to teaching;
                • offer the opportunity to recruit and train quality students who may return to the district as
                  tomorrow’s high-quality teachers – a “grow your own” solution to the current and looming
                  shortage in the profession; and
                • provide a framework for building solid partners with area institutions of higher education and
                  offer exciting challenges and opportunities for the district’s students.

              Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
              Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department

                                                                                                      Projected
                                                                                                     Employment
                                                                                                       Growth                   Total Projected
                                                                       2004           2014 Projected 2004 to 2014                 Avg. Annual
                                Occupation                          Employment         Employment Number Percent                 Job Openings
            Postsecondary Teachers                                          10,900             13,210         260       21.2%             480
            Primary, Secondary,                                              49,510             55,230      5,720       11.6%           1,700
            and Special Education School Teachers
            Other Teachers and Instructors                                    7,430              8,360        930       12.5%             185
            Librarians, Curators, and Archivists                              2,540              2,700        160        6.3%             535
            Other Education, Training,                                      15,040             17,530       2,490       16.6%             535
            and Library Occupations
            TOTAL                                                          85,410              97,040 11,630            13.6%           2,980

            Industry Feedback
            Curriculum development for the Education Pathway was aligned with input from industry representatives.
            • Currently, there are approximately 33,000 teachers in the state of Mississippi.
            • There are currently about 350 teacher vacancies, and 16% (5,300) of the current education
              workforce is eligible for retirement.
            • Thirty to fifty percent of all teachers will drop out of the teaching profession within the first 5 years.
            • Teachers who discontinued work in the profession indicated that their reason for leaving was
              that they were not properly prepared for the teaching profession.
            • According to the Mississippi Department of Education, past data indicates that approximately
              500 people went through teacher preparation programs but are not teaching.

            Academic Integration
            The Education Pathway will include academic skills appropriate for the courses to be taught.

              Suggested Course Outline
                                       Year 1                                                                Year 2
             Unit 1: Orientation to the Teaching Profession                        Unit 8: School/Society Relationships
             Unit 2: Understanding the Learner                                     Unit 9: Technology Integration
             Unit 3: Communication Skills                                          Unit 10: Professional Learning
             Unit 4: Planning Instruction                                          Unit 11: Subject Matter Knowledge
             Unit 5: Teaching Strategies                                           Unit 12: Practicum Experience
             Unit 6: Learning Environment
             Unit 7: Assessing Teaching and Learning
  11
                                                                                                                       Education

Course Content
                                                    Principles of Teaching,
       Teachers as Professionals                  Learning, and Assessment           The Learning Environment

• Orientation to the teaching                • Planning instruction               • Understanding the learner
  profession                                      • Components of                    • Learning process
    • Knowledge and skills related                  instructional planning           • Behaviors that facilitate
       to the profession                          • Instructional goals                 the learning process
    • Personal characteristics                      and objectives                   • Student developmental
    • Licensing exam requirements                                                       stages
                                             • Teaching strategies
                                                                                     • Learning styles
• School/society relationships                   • Effective instructional
    • Relationship of school                        strategies                    • Learning environment
      and society                                • Higher order thinking skills       • Effective learning
    • Role of advocacy                           • Implementation of                     environment
    • Utilizing school and                          teaching strategies               • Teacher characteristics
      community resources                                                                that promote the learning
                                             • Assessing teaching and learning           environment
    • Supporting learning
      through advocacy                           • Using assessment to                • Personal skills that promote
                                                   foster learning                       the learning environment
• Professional learning                          • Formative assessment               • Managing an effective
    • Continued                                  • Summative assessment                  learning environment
       professional growth
                                                 • Research-based
    • Professional organizations,                                                 • Technology integration
                                                   assessment strategies
       journals, etc.                                                                 • Role of technology in the
                                                                                        instructional process
• Communication skills
                                                                                      • Use of technology to
   • Analyzing communications                                                           support learning
   • Evaluating the importance
     of communication
   • Personal communication
   • Professional communication

• Subject matter knowledge
    • Integrated learning

Employment Skills

•   Portfolio
•   Resume
•   Job application
•   Interview skills
•   Letter of application, follow-up, and resignation
•   Nonverbal communication
•   Effective body language
•   Customer service
•   Allocation of resources
•   Time management
•   Self-esteem
•   Personal traits
•   Decision making
Practicum Experience

• K–6 Experience
• 7–8 Experience
• 9–12 Experience




                                                                                                                            12
Management
         Integration of the Microsoft Office Specialist Certification and Microsoft Office User Specialist
         Certification will provide the opportunity for students to develop proficiency in the use of Microsoft
         Office software. The pathway will include applied instruction designed to fulfill high school graduation
         academic requirements for one Carnegie unit in social studies and will articulate to business programs
         offered in Mississippi’s community and junior colleges and universities.

              Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
              Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department

                                                                                                  Total Projected
                                                               2004           2014 Projected        Avg. Annual         Average   Average
                           Occupation                       Employment         Employment          Job Openings         Hourly    Annual
             General and Operations Managers                      15,520               18,670                  605       $36.15     $75,190
             Administrative Service Managers                        2,680               3,150                  100       $21.76     $45,270
             Office/Administrative Managers                       13,810               15,480                  465       $19.88     $41,350
             Customer Service Representatives                     10,940               14,030                  470       $11.99     $29,940


         Industry Feedback
         Curriculum development for the Management Pathway was aligned with input from
         industry representatives.
         •      The ability to speak properly and use correct grammar is an essential skill because employees
                represent the business.
         •      Maintaining a good credit rating is vital for students who plan to someday become entrepreneurs.
         •      Entrepreneurs and business managers need an understanding of federal regulations and tax laws.
         •      Employees must be punctual, dependable, and motivated.
         •      Employees must be able to prioritize and organize and must possess excellent interpersonal
                and communication skills.
         •      Problem solving and the application of company policies and governmental regulations are necessary.
         •      Business owners must have financial management and presentation skills; they must also have
                excellent interpersonal and communication skills to generate new business.
         •      Applied mathematics and written and oral communication skills are a must.
         •      Effective uses of the Internet and Web-based communication, management and financial software,
                word processing, 10-key calculating, and spreadsheets are all necessary technology skills.


              Articulation
               Secondary Program                       Postsecondary Program                                Postsecondary Courses
             Business Management           Business and Office and Related Technology              BOT 1213 – Professional Development
                                           Banking and Finance Technology                          BFT 1513 – Banking and Finance Math
                                           Court Reporting Technology                              BOT 1313 – Applied Business Math


         Academic Integration
         The Business Management Pathway will include 70 hours of applied instruction designed to meet the
         competencies and objectives outlined in the academic social studies curriculum framework published
         by the Mississippi Department of Education. The Pathway will also include English and math skills.
         Source: Mississippi Department of Education Social Studies Framework
         http://www.mde.k12.ms.us/acad/id/curriculum/ss/frame.html




  13
                                                                                                                         Management

    Course Content
        Business Core              Administrative Services       Business Management            Business Information
                                                                                                     Technology

• Business law                     • Office communications      • Business law/federal       • Contracts
                                                                  regulations
• Communications                   • Ethics                                                  • Financial analysis
                                                                • Ethics
• Customer relations               • Ergonomics                                              • Information management
                                                                • Supervision
• Economics                        • Scheduling                 • Professional
     • Economic systems            • Productivity/efficiency      certifications
                                   • Records management         • Staffing
     • Production, distribution,
       and consumption of                                       • Conducting employment
                                   • Editing/proofreading
       goods and services                                         interviews
                                   • Business and               • Decision making
     • Supply and demand             financial reports          • Employee orientation,
     • Types of business           • Information                  training, and evaluation
       ownership                     technology tools           • Workplace safety
     • Global trends               • Office equipment           • Entrepreneurship
       and issues
                                   • Technology and office          • Business plan
     • Government                    safety and ergonomics             development
       involvement
                                   • Policies and procedures        • Marketing and
     • Global trade                                                    advertising
                                   • Purchasing
     • Civic consciousness                                          • Supervision/
                                                                       management
     • Financial loans
                                                                    • Business taxes
     • Securities                                                   • Customer relations
     • Stocks/stock market                                          • Federal and state
                                                                       regulations
     • Global economy
                                                                       governing small
• Emotional intelligence                                               businesses
• Interpersonal relations                                           • Employee manuals
                                                                • Financial literacy
• Entrepreneurship
                                                                    • Personal and
• Financial analysis                                                   business finance
• Human resource                                                         • Budgeting
  management                                                             • Managing a
• Information management                                                    checking
                                                                            account
• Marketing
                                                                         • Bank
• Operations                                                                reconciliation
• Professional development                                               • Income taxes
                                                                         • Payroll
• Strategic management
                                                                    • Consumer credit
                                                                    • Travel planning




                                                  Employability Skills
        Career Development                           Technology Skills                 Academic/Workplace Skills

• Leadership                              • Web proficiency/evaluating            • 21st century skills
• Professional organizations                online resources
                                                                                  • Leadership, management, and
• Education and certifications            • Spreadsheets                            teamwork
• Personal growth                         • Project management software           • Work ethic: punctuality, attitude,
• Career decision making                  • Electronic communication                customer service, and endurance
                                            (e-mail and instant messaging)
• Ethics                                                                          • Prioritizing and organizing
                                          • Word processing
• Employment skills: resume,                                                      • Time management
  cover letter, and job                   • Electronic presentations
                                                                                  • Appearance
• Application, interview, and             • Virtual assistants
  letter of resignation                   • 10-key calculating                    • Interpersonal relations
                                          • Keyboarding                           • Professionalism
                                          • Voice recognition
                                                                                                                               14
Manufacturing
           Resources used in the study of Manufacturing Pathways consisted of phone interviews with industry
           contacts as well as industry interviews conducted in person. These interviews were used to determine
           the immediate needs of industries across the state. The manufacturing interviews centered on
           production maintenance, electronic technician, tool and die maker, machinist, and welding jobs that
           are becoming increasingly difficult to fill. The 2004–2014 occupational employment projections and
           the 2006 occupational employment and wage estimates for Mississippi were used to determine
           where large employment needs would be in the population over a 10-year period. The research
           also includes curriculum information from the Mississippi Department of Education, institutions of
           higher learning, and community and junior colleges regarding articulation agreements and degree
           requirements. The pathways were affirmed through existing Mississippi curriculum blueprints and
           the expectations provided in the industry interviews.


               Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
               Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department

                                                                                                   Total Projected
                                                                2004           2014 Projected        Avg. Annual         Average   Average
                            Occupation                       Employment         Employment          Job Openings         Hourly    Annual
           Industrial Machinery Mechanics                            2,060               2,350                   70       $20.06   $41,730
           Maintenance and Repair Workers, General                 13,970               16,670                  540       $13.03   $27,110
           Maintenance Workers, Machinery                            1,410               1,610                   50       $16.56   $34,440
           Machinists                                                1,920               2,250                   80       $14.66   $30,500
           Millwrights                                                 960               1,070                   35       $18.03   $37,500
           Welders, Cutters, Solders, and Brazers                    6,940               8,150                  315       $14.81   $30,800
           Helpers – Installation, Maintenance,                      1,370               1,610                   70       $10.42   $21,680
           and Repair Workers



           Industry Feedback
           Curriculum development for the Manufacturing Pathway was aligned with input from
           industry representatives.

           •     “I need people who can read measuring devices and individuals who are computer literate. If
                 an individual comes with basic skills, we can teach them higher order measurement that is
                 done in our production process.”
           •     “We need graduates who can read blueprints and who have good math and computer skills.”

           •     “We require that new employee welders must pass the AWS test and be certified; otherwise,
                 they will have to take a lower paying job or face not being employed by us.”
           •     “We need workers who are multi-skilled.”

           •     A broad knowledge base of manufacturing and a general understanding of problem solving that
                 can be honed to specific skill areas on the job are necessary.
           •     Work ethics are essential to success.
           •     Employees should display courtesy, integrity, self-control, a good attitude, morals, and dependability.

           •     Employees should possess the desire to be productive citizens.

           •     Technology skills related to specific skill areas are necessary.
           •     Applied math, reading comprehension, and excellent communication skills are needed.




  15
                                                                                                                      Manufacturing

  Articulation
         Secondary Program                 Postsecondary Program                        Postsecondary Courses
Metal Trades – Machine Shop Option       Machine Tool Operations             MST 1114-6 – Power Machinery I
                                                                             (effective 2006)
Metal Trades – Machine Shop Option       Automotive Machinist Tech           AUV 1116 – Fundamentals for
                                                                             Automotive Machinists
Basic Electronics                        Electronics                         EET 1114 – DC Circuits
Machine Tool Operation                   Machine Tool Tech                   MST 1114-6 – Power Machinery I
                                         Industrial Maintenance Trades       (effective 2006)
                                                                             MST 1413 – Blueprint Reading
                                                                             MST 1313 – Machine Tool Mathematics
                                                                             IMM 1224 – Power Tool Applications
Welding Theory & Applications            Welding & Cutting Tech              WLV 1116 – Shielded Metal Arc Welding I
                                         Industrial Maintenance Trades       (effective 2006)
                                                                             IMM 1734 – Maintenance Welding and Metals
General Drafting                         Drafting & Design Tech              DDT 1113/4 – Fundamentals of Drafting
                                                                             (effective 2006)
                                                                             DDT 1313 – Principles of CAD
                                                                             (effective 2005)
                                         Civil Tech                          DDT 1113/4 – Fundamentals of Drafting
                                                                             DDT 1313 – Principles of CAD


Academic Integration
The Manufacturing Pathways include the following work-related skills:
    • Reading comprehension
    • Math skills
    • Written communication skills
    • Verbal communication skills


  Course Content
 Fundamentals of Metal Trades        Basic Metal Trade             Advanced Skills                   Employability
                                     and Welding Skills

 • Safety (patient, personal,   • Ability to read measuring   • Certification in a related    • Appearance
   equipment)                     devices such as rulers,       field such as American        • Teamwork and
                                  scales, micrometers,          Welding Society                 coworker relations
     • OSHA
                                  calipers, gauges, and
     • Accident and injury        digital and analog          • Problem-solving skills        • Professionalism
       prevention                 meters                                                      • Oral and written
                                                                                                communication
     • Safety devices           • Identifying and using
                                                              (Very limited – Industry        • Courtesy
     • Lifting procedures         metal forming equipment
                                                              indicated individuals can
                                  such as lathes, drills,                                     • Integrity
     • Personal protective                                    be trained in advanced
       equipment                  shears, and mills           skills in the field if basic    • Self-control
                                • Identifying welding         education has been              • Good attitude
 • Work-related skills            devices and tools such      provided.)
                                                                                              • Morals
     • Blueprint reading          as the types of welders
                                  and the hand tools                                          • Dependability
     • Basic hand
       and power tools            associated with                                             • Resume, job application,
                                  each device                                                   and interview (ability to
     • Terminology
                                                                                                fill out forms properly)
                                                                                              • Leadership, management,
                                                                                                and teamwork
                                                                                              • Memberships/professional
                                                                                                organizations




                                                                                                                               16
Manufacturing
           Overview of Proposed Manufacturing Year 2 Course Content
           • Shop safety                           • Lathe operation                 • Milling operation
           • Grinding operation                    • General welding operation (not specific to one type)
           Overview of Proposed Manufacturing Year 2 Course Content
           • Shop and fire safety                  • Lock-out/tag-out safety                       • Shielded metal arc welding
           • Gas metal welding                     • Flux core arc welding                         • Gas tungsten arc welding
           • Plasma arc cutting                    • Intro to robotic welding
           Note: Most industry contacts indicated that they did not require a machine tool or welding certificate
           in order to attain employment with their company; however, the broad knowledge base gained by
           enrolling in a combined program might increase the students’ chances of earning employment. Some
           industries indicated that they could train the individuals in more advanced skills if they came to the
           workplace with a broad knowledge base. Most industry contacts indicated that they hire experienced
           people and leave the weed-out process to other companies. Only two companies indicated that a 2-
           year welding program would be beneficial.

           All contacts indicated that a certification would be advantageous for graduates when applying for
           employment. Most industry contacts thought that skills should begin at an earlier age provided the
           students know the area of concentration.



Marketing and Economics
           It is apparent that students who want a career in marketing and economics will be required to complete
           a 4-year degree.With this in mind, it is important that this curriculum give students a basic understanding of
           marketing and economic principles; prepare students for success in their future study by improving
           academic skills related to marketing and economics; improve employability skills; and articulate to
           community colleges and 4-year colleges.

             Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
             Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department
                                                                                                     Projected
                                                                                                    Employment
                                                                                                      Growth                   Total Projected
                                                                      2004           2014 Projected 2004 to 2014                 Avg. Annual
                              Occupation                           Employment         Employment Number Percent                 Job Openings
           Advertising and Promotions Managers                                420                 520        100       23.8%              15
           Marketing Managers                                                  770                970        200       26.0%              35
           Sales Managers                                                   1,990              2,470         480       24.1%              85
           Public Relations Managers                                          270                330          60       22.2%              10
           Wholesale and Retail Buyers                                        410                470          60       14.6%              15
           Market Research Analysts                                           200                240          40       20.0%              10
           Sales Representatives and Services                               6,780              7,400         620        9.1%             210
           Other Sales and Related Workers                                  5,140              5,540         400        7.8%             150
           TOTAL                                                          15,980             17,940       1,960        12.3%            530

           Industry Feedback
           Curriculum development for the Management Pathway was aligned with input from
           industry representatives.
               • “We require our employees to have a 4-year degree.”
               • “Employees must be technology literate and keep up with everyday changes in technology….”
               • “Employees must have math skills, such as figuring percentages, creating a budget, etc…..”
               • “It is very important that everyone has the necessary writing skills to complete sales proposals.”

  17
                                                                                    Marketing and Economics

   Articulation
   Secondary Program                   Postsecondary Program                             Postsecondary Courses
 Marketing I & II             Marketing Management Technology                     MMT 1113 – Marketing I
                                                                                  MMT 1313 – Salesmanship
                              Fashion Marketing Technology                        MMT 1113 – Marketing I
                                                                                  MMT 1313 – Salesmanship
                              Banking & Finance Technology                        BFT 1513 – Banking and Finance Math

Academic Integration
The Marketing and Economics Pathway will include 70 hours of applied instruction designed to meet
the competencies and objectives outlined in the academic social studies, English, and math curricula
published by the Mississippi Department of Education.
Source: Mississippi Department of Education Social Studies Framework
http://www.mde.k12.ms.us/acad/id/curriculum/ss/index.html

  Course Content

Ninth-graders entering school in 2008–2009 will be required to have a semester of economics. By using
the National Marketing Standards to create the new Marketing and Economics curriculum, students
will receive the required economic concepts to satisfy the semester economics requirement. Students
will also have the knowledge to take the A*S*K Exam (Assessment of Skills and Knowledge of Business),
which is an exam based on industry-validated performance indicators. Specific exam questions are
aligned with Webb’s Depth of Knowledge taxonomy to help ensure that each exam addresses critical
performance issues appropriate to industry standards.1 In conclusion, based on industry surveys and
interviews, national standards, IHL and CC requirements, and certification objectives, the Marketing
and Economics pathway course should include the following topics.
          Business Core Concepts                             Marketing Concepts                    Business Math Concepts

 • Business law         • Civic                • Distribution            • Business ethics          •   Budgeting
 • Communications         consciousness            • Legal and ethical   • E-commerce               •   Making change
 • Customer             • Financial loans            considerations                                 •   Credit
                                                                         • Business security
   relations            • Securities                                                                •   Bank statements
                                               • Marketing-                 • Embezzlement
 • Economics            • Stocks/stock           information                                        •   Price markups
                          market                                            • Shoplifting
 • Economic                                      management                                         •   Percentages
   systems              • Global economy                                    • Fraud
                                               • Pricing                                            •   Price markdowns
 • Production,          • Emotional                                      • Management
                          intelligence         • Product/service                                    •   Financial statements
   distribution, and                                                     • Leadership styles
                        • Financial analysis     management                                         •   Personal finance
   consumption of
   goods and                                   • Promotion               • Marketing plan
                        • Human resource
   services               management               • Advertising         • Grades/standards
 • Supply and           • Information              • Graphics used       • Warranties/
   demand                 management                                       guarantees
                                               • Selling
 • Types of business    • Marketing                                      • Marketing strategies
                                               • Merchandising
   ownership            • Operations                                     • Professional selling
 • Global trends        • Professional         • Inventory control
                                                                         • Communication
   and issues             development          • Business etiquette
                                                                         • Marketing research
 • Government           • Strategic
   involvement            management                        Areas of Specialization
 • Global trade
                                               •   Fashion Marketing
                                               •   Travel and Tourism Marketing
                                               •   International Marketing
                                               •   Sports, Special Events, and
                                                   Entertainment Marketing
                       Employability and Careers – Academic, Workplace, and Employment Skills
 • Oral and written communication                               • Interview skills
 • Technology                                                   • Letter of application, follow-up, and resignation
     • Presentations                                            • Nonverbal communication
     • Excel                                                    • Effective body language
     • Internet                                                 • Customer service
     • E-mail                                                   • Allocation of resources
         • 21st century skills                                      • Time management
 • Math skills                                                  • Self-esteem
 • Resume                                                       • Personal traits
 • Job application                                                  • Decision making

                                                                                                                               18
Construction
           By implementing the National Center for Construction Education and Research in the construction
           skills standards to the Construction Pathway, students who successfully master the curriculum
           should have the skills required to enter the workforce or pursue an advanced degree. These skills
           are based on industry-validated performance indicators. The pathway will include applied instruction
           designed to articulate with programs offered in Mississippi’s community and junior colleges.
                   Industry Job Data – Employment Projections 2004 to 2014 for Mississippi
                   Note: Compiled by Mississippi Department of Employment Security and Labor Market Information Department
                                                                                                  Total Projected
                                                                    2004           2014 Projected Average Annual             Average      Average
                                Occupation                       Employment         Employment     Job Openings              Hourly       Annual
           Construction Managers/Supervisors                           14,390               15,940                  284       $24.00       $46,080
           Construction Workers                                        37,610               42,620                1,150       $13.60       $26,112
           Construction Helpers                                          4,050                4,740                 220       $11.00       $22,830

           Industry Feedback
           Curriculum development for the Construction Pathway was aligned with input from
           industry representatives.
           • Many employers have training programs available to allow employees to advance.
           • The expectations of employers primarily centered on employability or “soft” skills. Many indicated
             that dependability was a prime need for employment.
           • Employers expect employees to have integrity, a strong work ethic, a good attitude, and customer
             service skills. They expect employees to be punctual, willing to stick with the job, able to prioritize
             and organize, and interested in helping people. Maturity level is the key concern.
           • Employees should have skills related to safety, blueprints, hand and power tools, and math
             and measuring.
           • Students should be exposed to the general idea of how a building is constructed but should
             also have specialized skills.
           • Modify Building Trades to having a year of fundamentals and basic construction techniques and a
             year of specialization in a specific area.
           • Retain the 2-year individual programs to include fundamentals and a specialized area to include
             Carpentry, Electrical, or Masonry.
                   Articulation
                       Secondary Program                      Postsecondary Program                             Postsecondary Courses
           Building Trades                             Plumber &                                      PPV/PCT 1113 – Fundamentals of
                                                       Pipefitter/Steamfitter                         Plumbing/Pipefitting
           Masonry                                     Brick, Block, & Stone Masonry                  BBV 1313 – Tools, Equipment, and Safety
                                                       Commercial/Residential Maintenance             CRM 1313 – Masonry
           Residential Carpentry                       Commercial/Residential Maintenance             CRM 1214 – Carpentry

           Academic Integration
           The Construction Pathway requires strong basic math and measuring skills and algebra and geometry.
           Communication skills include written and oral communications, following directions, listening, reading,
           and problem solving.

                   Course Content
                       Fundamentals
                      of Construction               Carpentry                 Electrical                Masonry                    Plumbing
               •    Basic safety                • Foundations           • Bending                  • Mortar                  • Pipe, tubing,
               •    Construction math                                                                                          and fittings
                                                • Framing               • Electrical theory        • Concrete and
               •    Hand and power tools                                                             reinforcing             • Drain, waste, and
                                                • Floors                • NEC Code®                                            vents systems
               •    Blueprints
                                                                                                   • Masonry units
               •    Basic rigging                                       • Wiring                                             • Fixtures and faucets
                                                                                                     and installation
               •    Communication skills                                                                                     • Water distribution
                                                                                                     techniques
               •    Employability skills                                                                                       systems

  19                           Area of Specialization: The area of specialization will include topics above in more detail.
  The Mississippi State Board of Education, the Mississippi Department of Education, the Mississippi School of the Arts,the Mississippi School for
  the Blind, the Mississippi School for the Deaf, and the Mississippi School for Mathematics and Science do not discriminate on the basis of race,
color, religion, national origin, sex, age, or disability in the provision of educational programs and services or employment opportunities and benefits.

The following office has been designated to handle inquiries and complaints regarding the non-discrimination policies of the above mentioned entities.

                                                                   Ethel Cain Carson
                                                         Director, Office of Human Resources
                                                         Mississippi Department of Education
                                                          359 North West Street, Suite 359
                                                             Jackson, Mississippi 39201
                                                                    (601) 359-3511

				
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