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Major League Soccer

Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer

Countries Confederation Founded Number of teams Level on pyramid Domestic cup(s)

United States Canada CONCACAF 1993 15 Level 1 U.S. Open Cup Canadian Championship CONCACAF Champions League, SuperLiga, Copa Sudamericana (by invitation) Columbus Crew Columbus Crew D.C. United (4) D.C. United (4) ESPN, ESPN2, ESPN Deportes Fox Soccer Channel, Fox Sports en Español TeleFutura, CBC, Rogers Sportsnet, GolTV Canada

Soccer). The league comprises 15 teams, 14 in the U.S. and one in Canada. MLS represents the top tier of the American and Canadian soccer pyramids. Major League Soccer was founded in 1993 as part of the bid for the United States to host the 1994 FIFA World Cup.[1] The first season took place in 1996 beginning with 10 teams. Seasons run from late March or early April to November, with teams playing 30 regular-season games each. Eight teams from the league compete in the post-season MLS Cup Playoffs, which culminate in MLS Cup.

Competition format
The 2009 Major League Soccer season runs from March 19 to November. The 15 teams in the league are divided into the Eastern and Western Conferences — seven in the Eastern Conference, eight in the Western Conference. Each team plays 30 games, evenly divided between home and away matches. Each team competes against every other team twice, home and away, for a total of 28 games. The remaining two games are intraconference matches, often highlighting geographic and conference rivalries. MLS has four berths in the CONCACAF Champions League. For CONCACAF Champions League 2009–10, qualifying teams include MLS Cup 2008 and Supporters’ Shield winner the Columbus Crew, Supporters’ Shield runner-up the Houston Dynamo, MLS Cup runner-up the New York Red Bulls, and 2008 U.S. Open Cup winner D.C. United. Columbus and Houston are automatically seeded into the Group Stage, while New York and D.C. are required to play in the Preliminary Round. MLS also has four berths in SuperLiga, a competition jointly organized by MLS and Mexico’s national football governing body, the FMF. The top four overall teams from the 2008 season, excluding those participating in the Champions League, qualify for SuperLiga 2009. This includes the Chicago Fire, the New England Revolution, the Kansas City Wizards, and Chivas USA.

International cup(s)

Current MLS Cup Current Supporters’ Shield Most MLS Cups Most Supporters’ Shields TV partners


2009 season

Major League Soccer (MLS) is the topflight professional soccer (football) league based in the United States and sanctioned by United States Soccer Federation (U.S.


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MLS Major Trophy Winners Season MLS Cup Playoff and League Champions Columbus Crew Houston Dynamo Houston Dynamo Los Angeles Galaxy D.C. United San Jose Earthquakes Los Angeles Galaxy San Jose Earthquakes Kansas City Wizards D.C. United Chicago Fire D.C. United D.C. United

Major League Soccer

MLS Supporters’ Shield Regular Season Champions Columbus Crew D.C. United D.C. United San Jose Earthquakes Columbus Crew Chicago Fire Los Angeles Galaxy Miami Fusion Kansas City Wizards D.C. United Los Angeles Galaxy D.C. United Tampa Bay Mutiny value to both their MLS clubs and the U.S. national team. The league’s ongoing financial problems led to the departure of Commissioner Doug Logan after the end of the 1998 season. Don Garber, a former NFL International chief, was hired in his place and his leadership became instrumental to shoring up the league’s future. Construction of soccer-specific stadiums for the league’s teams, largely funded by financiers such as Lamar Hunt and Phil Anschutz, became a point of emphasis to bring fiscal health and ensure the league’s survival. Hunt’s Columbus Crew Stadium, built in 1999, is often cited as a league model. On the field, the early wave of international players who had joined MLS at its inception drifted into retirement or moved on to clubs elsewhere in the world. The run-up to the 2002 World Cup saw a gradual shift in the league’s philosophy toward the development of American talent, a move that would eventually lead to success for U.S. soccer. Despite this movement, declining attendances forced MLS to stop the bleeding by contracting the two Florida franchises, the Tampa Bay Mutiny and the Miami Fusion, just a few years after their establishment. This left the league with 10 teams, the same number as when the league began.

2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996

Early years
In 1996, Major League Soccer’s original ten teams, the Columbus Crew, D.C. United, the New England Revolution, the NY/NJ MetroStars, the Tampa Bay Mutiny, the Colorado Rapids, the Dallas Burn, the Kansas City Wiz, the Los Angeles Galaxy and the San Jose Clash, began play. The early years of the league gave rise to the Bruce Arena-led dynasty of D.C. United, which won MLS Cups in three of the league’s first four seasons. It took the expansion Chicago Fire in 1998 to end United’s stranglehold on MLS Cup. Also joining the league in 1998 was the Miami Fusion. After its first season, MLS suffered from a decline in attendance. The league’s quality was cast into doubt when the U.S. men’s national team, made up largely of MLS players, was eliminated in the first round of the 1998 World Cup and finished in last place. The league began to market itself on the talents of American players, both experienced veterans and fresh talents. Breakout stars like DaMarcus Beasley and Landon Donovan began making names for themselves in MLS before breaking into and starring for the U.S. national team, while established players such as Brian McBride, Eddie Pope, and Clint Mathis continued to prove their


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The 2002 World Cup, in which the United States unexpectedly made the quarterfinals through wins against Portugal and Mexico, triggered a resurgence in American soccer and MLS. At MLS Cup 2002, held four months after the 2002 World Cup final, set an attendance record as a sellout crowd at Gillette Stadium saw the Los Angeles Galaxy win their first title. MLS drew international attention in 2004 with the debut of 14-year-old Freddy Adu for D.C. United, who entered the league with much fanfare and was heralded as one of the top prospects in American soccer history. MLS underwent a significant transition in the years leading up to the 2006 World Cup. After marketing itself on the talents of American players, the league saw some of its homegrown stars depart for more prominent leagues in Europe. Tim Howard, goalkeeper for the MetroStars, was sold to Manchester United in one of the most lucrative contract deals in league history. DaMarcus Beasley of the Chicago Fire left for PSV Eindhoven, while Landon Donovan, on loan from Bayer Leverkusen, was recalled to Germany. Donovan’s stint in Germany was brief; before the start of the 2005 MLS season he was sold back to MLS to play for the Los Angeles Galaxy. Many more American players, though they factored little in the U.S. national team picture, did make an impact in MLS. In 2005, Jason Kreis of expansion club Real Salt Lake became the first player to score at least 100 career MLS goals. In 2005, the now defunct MLS Reserve Division was created, with each reserve squad playing 12 games, providing valuable playing time to develop non-starters on team rosters. It was also in this era that MLS expanded for the first time since the contraction of 2001. Real Salt Lake and Chivas USA began play in 2005, with Chivas USA becoming the second club in Los Angeles, sharing The Home Depot Center with the Galaxy. Chivas USA also became the first team in MLS to be directly connected to a foreign club, their sister club of Guadalajara. By 2006 the San Jose Earthquakes moved to Texas, becoming the Houston Dynamo, after funding for stadium could not be found in San Jose. The Dynamo became an expansion team, leaving their history behind for a new San Jose ownership group that would materialize years later in 2008.

Major League Soccer

Since 2007, Major League Soccer’s leadership has taken steps to further internationalize the league in an effort to raise the level of play. Among the first moves in this regard was the Designated Player Rule, which helped MLS bring international stars into the league, despite the relatively meager MLS salary cap, and the creation of the SuperLiga, which places top MLS clubs against top Mexican clubs in an effort to provide more meaningful competition for both leagues. MLS changed the rules regarding foreign players in the league to allow more of them.[2] This period also saw expansion reach beyond the United States’ borders into Canada, beginning with Toronto FC. The 2007 season witnessed the MLS debut of David Beckham, whose signing had been seen as a coup for American soccer. Beckham’s contract with the Los Angeles Galaxy was made possible by the Designated Player Rule. Players such as Cuauhtémoc Blanco of Club América signed for the Chicago Fire, and Juan Pablo Ángel, who moved from Aston Villa to the New York Red Bulls, are some of the first Designated Players who have made major contributions to their clubs. The departures of Clint Dempsey to Fulham and Jozy Altidore to Villarreal, coupled with the return of former U.S. national team stars Claudio Reyna and Brian McBride to New York and Chicago, respectively, highlight the exchange of top prospects to Europe for experienced veterans to MLS. Several other well-known foreign players have followed Beckham and Blanco to MLS, including Guillermo Barros Schelotto to Columbus and Freddie Ljungberg to Seattle.[3] By 2008 San Jose had returned to the league, and in 2009 Seattle Sounders FC became the newest expansion franchise, opening to a crowd of 32,523 at Qwest Field. Presently MLS plans expansion into Philadelphia, Vancouver, and Portland.

Recently "expansion," "contraction," and "rebranding" have become buzzwords for the league and its fans. The league has renewed its emphasis on improving the quality of play by its teams via initiatives such as the Designated Player Rule and the creation of a league-wide youth development system.[4]


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Major League Soccer
has 16 owners for their 18 clubs (including the 2010 Philadelphia club and the 2011 Vancouver and Portland teams).

MLS operates under a single-entity structure in which teams are centrally controlled by the league. In order to keep costs under control, revenues are shared throughout the league, player contracts are negotiated by the league, and ultimately players are contracted not with individual teams but with the league itself. The league fought a bitter legal battle with its players over its economic system, but this was eventually resolved with the players gaining some improved benefits in return for accepting the single entity structure. A court had also ruled that even absent their collective bargaining agreement, players could opt to play in other leagues if they were unsatisfied. The league’s cost-controlling measures have attracted new ownership that have injected more money into the league, improving it and focusing the league’s resources on fewer clubs. Examples include the Anschutz Entertainment Group’s sale of the MetroStars to Red Bull, for an "excess of $100 million," according to the New York Times. Commissioner Garber said to the Los Angeles Times that, "the sale was part of a plan to have AEG decrease its holdings in MLS. We’re pushing Hunt Sports to do the same thing." Commissioner Garber has stated that having multiple clubs owned by a single owner was a necessity in the first 10 years of MLS, but now that the league appears to be on the brink of overall profitability and has significant expansion plans, he wants each club to have a distinct owner. In order to help bring this about, the league is now giving more incentive to be an individual club owner, with all owners now having the rights to a certain number of players they develop through their club’s academy system each year, sharing the profits of Soccer United Marketing, and being able to sell individual club jersey sponsorships. At one time AEG owned six teams in MLS, and have since sold the Colorado Rapids, the MetroStars, D.C. United and the Chicago Fire to new owners. AEG’s remaining teams are the Los Angeles Galaxy and the Houston Dynamo.[5] The other major owner-investor in MLS has been Hunt Sports, which owns the Columbus Crew and FC Dallas, having sold the Kansas City Wizards in to a local ownership group in 2006. The league now

Game First
The 2006-2007 MLS offseason has been considered by some to be the most productive in the history of the league,[6] and there were a number of changes made to the league, which have brought about an increase in the league’s ability to compete financially as well as on the field. The league announced a youth development initiative,[4] which will require youth development programs for all of the league’s teams. The hope is that by being able to sign up to two of its own youth players to the senior team each year that the league’s teams will have an incentive to improve the quality of the league’s talent in an organic way that will also benefit the league through transfer fees for outgoing players. Perhaps the first example of a success in "home-grown" talent development was New York’s Jozy Altidore, who rose to prominence as one of the league’s most skilled young strikers before fetching the league’s record transfer fee in his move to Villarreal in 2008. The league also announced "Game First", a series of initiatives aimed at improving the league in several ways. One of the most immediate changes is that U.S. Soccer hired the first full-time professional referees in league history.[7] Another part of "Game First" was the creation of an official league anthem similar to other competitions from around the world. There are two versions of the MLS Anthem, an orchestral version that is performed before every regular season game and an orchestral chorus version with a chorus that is played before the MLS All-Star Game and MLS Cup.

Since 1999, the league has overseen the construction and completion of seven venues specifically designed for soccer. Lamar Hunt broke new ground in this endeavor by financing the construction of MLS’s first soccerspecific stadium, Columbus Crew Stadium. The Los Angeles Galaxy followed four years later with the opening of The Home Depot Center in 2003. Chivas USA has shared this venue with the Galaxy since their expansion season in 2004. It also played host to two consecutive MLS Cups, until FC Dallas


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opened Pizza Hut Park in 2005 and hosted the next two championships. The Chicago Fire began playing their home games in Toyota Park in 2006. 2007 saw the opening of Dick’s Sporting Goods Park for the Colorado Rapids and BMO Field for Toronto FC. Near the end of the 2008 season, Rio Tinto Stadium became the home of Real Salt Lake. Other stadiums are currently under construction. Red Bull Arena, the new home of the New York Red Bulls, began construction in December 2007 with the goal of opening sometime in 2009. The Kansas City Wizards expect to move into their new stadium sometime in 2011. The Philadelphia expansion team plans to call the new Chester Stadium home when they enter the league in 2010. In 2011 the Portland Timbers will begin play in a newly-renovated PGE Park. The remaining clubs play in stadiums not original built for MLS. The New England Revolution, D.C. United, and Seattle Sounders FC play home games at NFL venues Gillette Stadium, RFK Stadium, and Qwest Field respectively. Whereas New England and D.C. are actively seeking to build their own soccer stadiums,[8] Seattle tarps off Qwest’s upper bowl to provide an intimate gameday atmosphere. The Houston Dynamo and the San Jose Earthquakes are in the planning stages for their own soccer venues replacing Robertson Stadium and Buck Shaw Stadium. In 2011 the Vancouver expansion team will begin play in a refurbished BC Place, and will remain there until at least 2016, by which time the team hopes to complete construction on a planned waterfront soccer stadium. The move to soccer-specific stadiums has been seen as essential to building attendance and fan support for MLS. So far, every club that has built its own stadium has not only seen its game attendance rise, but also has helped MLS achieve profitability. Thanks to their new stadium, the Los Angeles Galaxy became the first club to turn a profit, followed by FC Dallas in 2006.

Major League Soccer
World (later rebranded as Fox Soccer Channel in 2005), Fox Sports en Español and HDNet began airing matches in 2003. The 2007 MLS season was the first season, however, for which television rights were sold to networks at a profit. Previously, MLS paid networks to broadcast its games. It is estimated MLS will receive about $30 million from TV revenue alone within the next eight years.[9] With the addition of Toronto FC, coverage of MLS expanded into Canada in 2007. The CBC, The Score and Rogers Sportsnet all broadcast Toronto matches nationwide. The league’s MLS Direct Kick package, which broadcasts out-of-market matches, has been expanded to ensure that every league match is broadcast. Univision and its family of networks resumed MLS broadcasts in 2007 as well, with most matches airing on TeleFutura and Galavision on Sunday afternoons and evenings. The 2007 season was the first in the league’s history in which every regular season match was telecast live, and many games were shown on national television. MLS Primetime Thursday on ESPN networks featured a live match for the first time on Thursdays each week, and Fox Soccer Channel’s MLS Saturday expanded to a 3-hour format, with both a pregame and postgame show wrapped around the featured match each week. Additionally, Fox Soccer Channel produces their own news on MLS and special original programs on players, such as Beckham Unwrapped, a biographical update for summer 2007 on the Galaxy’s David Beckham. Major League Soccer also offers streaming live video of some matches via its website. Sports Business Journal reported on December 23, 2008 that MLS and Soccer United Marketing had signed an international television broadcast contract with sports media company MP & Silva through [10][11] The figure is reportedly an 2013. "eight-figure deal" that covers the "rights to all MLS games, tournaments and events, including MLS regular season, MLS Cup Playoffs, MLS Cup, and the international competitions SuperLiga, InterLiga, and Pan-Pacific Championship."[10] InterLiga is the only nonMLS competition included in the deal. MP & Silva CEO Carlo Pozzali acknowledged that high profile, international players who were

Media coverage
At the outset, MLS signed deals for coverage on ESPN, ESPN2 and ABC, while Univision, Galavision, and Telemundo broadcasted matches in Spanish. The original Univision deal lapsed after a few years, leaving only the ABC/ESPN family of networks as the league’s national broadcasters. Fox Sports


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Shirt sponsorships Team Chicago Fire Chivas USA Columbus Crew D.C. United Houston Dynamo Los Angeles Galaxy New York Red Bulls Real Salt Lake San Jose Earthquakes Seattle Sounders FC Toronto FC Sponsor Best Buy Comex Glidden Volkswagen Amigo Energy Herbalife Red Bull XanGo Amway Global Xbox 360 Live BMO Value $7.5M over 3 years $2M per year $1M per year $14M over 5 years $1.9M per year $4M-$5M per year

Major League Soccer

Part of $100M deal for club and stadium $500K-$1M per year $2-$3M per year $20M over 5 years $1M-$1.5M per year international sport, specifically soccer. The league has established a floor of $500,000 per shirt sponsorship, with the league receiving a flat fee of $200,000 per deal.[14] Online gambling and hard liquor sponsorships are prohibited. As of January 2009, eleven of the league’s fifteen teams have signed sponsorship deals to have company logos placed on the front of their team jerseys. MLS Commissioner Don Garber said on May 11, 2006 that he expects the league’s clubs to be profitable by 2010 overall. He reported that FC Dallas and the L.A. Galaxy are already profitable, with several other clubs nearing profitability. A year later, he revealed that the Chicago Fire, the Colorado Rapids, and Toronto FC were on track for profitability by 2008.[13]. However in 2008 there were only three profitable MLS franchises; LA Galaxy, Toronto FC and FC Dallas [1].

lured to MLS by the designated player rule have raised the international awareness and potential for popularity of MLS in international markets.[11]

Major League Soccer has lost more than $350 million since its founding, according to a report by BusinessWeek in 2004.[12] However, there are positive signs for profitability in the near future. As soccer-specific stadiums are built, ownership expands and television coverage increases, MLS has managed to see their revenues increase while costs are kept to a minimum. The 2003 season saw the Los Angeles Galaxy make a profit in their first season at The Home Depot Center,[12] while FC Dallas turned a profit in similar fashion after moving into Pizza Hut Park in 2005.[13] Television coverage has consistently expanded throughout the league’s history, as MLS brokered a deal with ESPN in 2006 for rights fees and a greater presence across its networks. The 2007 season saw the return of MLS to Univision and its Spanish-language networks. They joined Fox Soccer Channel and HDNet as the U.S. national outlets, and the league has mandated that every league game receive television coverage either nationally or locally in one or both teams’ cities for broadcast on its Direct Kick package. In 2007, MLS teams started selling ad space on the front of jerseys to go along with the league-wide sponsorship partners who had already been advertising on the back of club jerseys, following the practice of

Rule changes
MLS experimented with deviations from IFAB rules and standards in its early years, some of which had been used in the NASL and continue to be used in college soccer and many high school associations. Among them was the use of a countdown clock, rather than a standard progressive clock, with time paused for dead ball situations at a referee’s discretion. Halves ended when the clock reached 0:00, rather than at the whistle of the referee as was customary elsewhere. Also implemented was the use of shootouts to resolve tie games. These best-of-


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five contests placed a player 35 yards from goal with five seconds to put the ball past the opposing goalkeeper; if needed the shootout progressed into extra frames. A winning team received one standings point (as opposed to three for the regulation win). While IFAB rules allow teams to substitute three players during games, MLS allowed a fourth, goalkeeper-only substitute. MLS discarded the rule after 2003 and adopted the IFAB standard, prompted in part by a match in which then MetroStars coach and current U.S. national team manager Bob Bradley used a loophole to insert an outfield player as a fourth substitute. MLS eventually conceded that the rules changes, particularly the shootout, had alienated some traditional soccer fans while failing to draw new American sports fans as hoped. The shootout and countdown clock were eliminated after the 1999 season. MLS continued to experiment with the settling of tie games in regular season play. In 2000, a 10-minute golden goal period replaced the shootout for tied games. It was abandoned after 2003. The golden-goal overtime remained through 2004 for playoff matches, where it had been used since the league’s inception. In 2005 the league adopted a playoff extra time structure that followed new IFAB standards for such situations: two full 15-minute periods, followed by penalty kicks if necessary. The away goals rule is not used in any playoff round.

Major League Soccer
Crew FC Dallas D.C. United Fire Toronto FC Real Salt Lake Sounders FC Earthquakes Galaxy Chivas USA There are 15 MLS teams divided between the Eastern and Western Conferences. Each club is allowed 24 players on their full roster. Before its maiden season and inaugural draft, MLS allocated four marquee players across the initial ten teams. These inaugural allocations consisted of key U.S. national team and international players such as Eric Wynalda and Hugo Sánchez. The league added its first two expansion teams for the 1998 season: Miami Fusion and Chicago Fire. However, following the 2001 season, Miami and the Tampa Bay Mutiny were disbanded and MLS returned to ten teams. Since the 2004 season, the league has expanded with six new clubs: Real Salt Lake and Chivas USA in 2005, the Houston Dynamo in 2006, and Toronto FC in 2007. After relocating as an expansion team to Houston in 2006, the San Jose Earthquakes returned from hiatus in 2008. Seattle Sounders FC joined MLS for the 2009 season. As of 2009, MLS has had seventeen different clubs over the years, but only seven have won the MLS Cup. For the 2009 season, teams are aligned as follows: Notes 1. Not a soccer-specific stadium 2. To be replaced by a soccer-specific stadium 3. Select games played at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Former teams • Miami Fusion (1998–2001) • Tampa Bay Mutiny (1996–2001)


Revolution Red Bulls Dynamo Rapids Wizards MLS will expand to 16 teams in 2010, will expand to 18 teams in 2011, and plans to expand to 20 teams in 2012. The Philadelphia Union club is in place for 2010 with Vancouver and Portland joining the following season, and two yet to be determined


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franchises would begin play a year after that. The Union will play in a 20,000-seat stadium to be built just west of the Commodore Barry Bridge in Chester, Pennsylvania.[15] On March 18, 2009 a press conference announced that a new MLS team in Vancouver will replace the existing USL-1 club in that city, and that it would keep some form of the "Whitecaps" name.[16] Vancouver will join the league in 2011. For at least its first season the Vancouver MLS club will play in BC Place stadium, which by then will have been renovated to include a soccer-specific configuration. However, the Vancouver ownership group is still hopeful that a new, completely soccer specific stadium will be approved for construction on the waterfront in downtown Vancouver. [17] On March 20, 2009 a press conference announced that a new MLS team in Portland will replace the existing USL-1 club in that city, and would keep the Portland Timbers name.[18] Portland will join the league in 2011.

Major League Soccer
Bull owns Red Bull New York, the Austrian club Red Bull Salzburg, and the lower-level Brazilian club Red Bull Brasil.

Rivalries and 2-team cup competitions
• D.C. United — New York Red Bulls (Atlantic Cup) • Chicago Fire — FC Dallas (Brimstone Cup) • Los Angeles Galaxy — San Jose Earthquakes (California Clasico/Interstate 5 Rivalry) • FC Dallas — Houston Dynamo (El Capitan Clasico/Texas Derby) • San Jose Earthquakes — Seattle Sounders FC (Heritage Cup,[20]) • Chivas USA — Los Angeles Galaxy (Honda SuperClasico) • Columbus Crew — FC Dallas (Lamar Hunt Pioneer Cup, pre-season) • Colorado Rapids — Real Salt Lake (Rocky Mountain Cup) • Columbus Crew — Toronto FC (Trillium Cup)

Team names
For more information on MLS team names, see the individual team entries.

Bold indicates active MLS players.

Originally, in the style of other U.S. sports, Regular season leaders teams were given nicknames at their creation Last Updated April 11, 2009 such as the Columbus Crew, San Jose Clash, or Tampa Bay Mutiny. D.C. United and Miami Playoff leaders Fusion F.C. were the two exceptions that adopted more traditional names. However, new As of MLS Cup 2008 teams such as Real Salt Lake and Toronto FC have adopted names similar to European clubs, and FC Dallas changed its name from the Dallas Burn. Some of club names have • Doug Logan (1996-99) their origins in defunct American profession• Don Garber (1999-present) al soccer leagues like the NASL, such as the original San Jose Earthquakes and the Seattle Sounders. Chivas USA is the only MLS team whose There are 10 awards given out by the Major name does not specify a specific city, state or League Soccer each year. region. The club is named after the Mexican 1. Major League Soccer MVP Award side Guadalajara, who are often known by 2. MLS Best XI their nickname "Chivas," which translates to 3. MLS Coach of the Year Award "Goats". The Mexican club (based in Guadala- 4. MLS Comeback Player of the Year Award jara, Mexico) and Chivas USA share the same 5. MLS Scudetto ownership. Though Real Salt Lake was not 6. MLS Defender of the Year Award originally affiliated with Real Madrid, in 2006 7. MLS Goalkeeper of the Year Award the two clubs signed an agreement to play 8. MLS Golden Boot friendly matches every two years, and to co- 9. MLS Newcomer of the Year Award sponsor a soccer academy and training facil- 10. MLS Rookie of the Year Award ity in Utah.[19] The beverage company Red

MLS commissioners MLS awards


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Major League Soccer

Regular Season only

Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10

Player Jaime Moreno Ante Razov Jason Kreis Jeff Cunningham Taylor Twellman Landon Donovan Roy Lassiter Raúl Díaz Arce Carlos Ruíz Preki

G 125 114 108 104 99 89 88 82 82 79

Goals Against Average
Regular Season only, 1500+ MINS

Rank 1 2 3 4 6 7 8

Player Pat Onstad Bouna Coundoul Matt Pickens Jon Busch Troy Perkins Kevin Hartman Zach Thornton Matt Reis Joe Cannon Jonny Walker

GAA 1.07 1.16 1.21 1.22 1.22 1.23 1.29 1.31 1.31 1.31

Games Played
Regular Season only

Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10

Player Steve Ralston Chris Henderson Kevin Hartman Cobi Jones Jason Kreis Jesse Marsch Chris Klein Jaime Moreno Jeff Cunningham Jay Heaps

GP 359 317 307 306 305 302 297 297 293 292


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Major League Soccer

Minutes Played
Regular Season only

Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Player Steve Ralston Kevin Hartman Chris Henderson Jay Heaps Jason Kreis Cobi Jones Chris Klein Mark Chung Jesse Marsch Jaime Moreno

MINS 31,645 27,495 26,242 25,463 25,242 25,157 25,049 24,470 24,152 23,720

Playoffs only

Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6

Player Carlos Ruíz Landon Donovan Roy Lassiter Jaime Moreno Ante Razov Brian McBride Preki Taylor Twellman

G 16 14 13 12 11 10 10 10 8 8


Raúl Díaz Arce Stern John

Goals Against Average
Playoffs only, 300+ MINS

Rank 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 10

Player Adin Brown Jon Conway William Hesmer Matt Reis Jon Busch Jeff Cassar Matt Pickens Zach Thornton Jorge Campos Danny Cepero

GAA 0.66 0.75 0.75 0.79 0.88 0.89 0.94 0.99 0.99 1.00


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Major League Soccer

Games Played
Playoffs only

Rank 1 2 3 4 5 7 9 10

Player Cobi Jones Kevin Hartman Diego Gutiérrez Jeff Agoos Chris Armas Jesse Marsch Mauricio Cienfuegos Ante Razov Steve Ralston Zach Thornton

GP 45 44 40 39 37 37 35 35 34 33

Minutes Played
Playoffs only

Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Player Kevin Hartman Cobi Jones Jeff Agoos Chris Armas Diego Gutiérrez Jesse Marsch Steve Ralston Zach Thornton Mauricio Cienfuegos C.J. Brown

MINS 4,042 3,938 3,557 3,383 3,270 3,228 3,164 3,013 2,992 2,921

[1] "About Major League Soccer". MLSnet. September 5, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-09-05. [2] Davis, Steve (December 26, 2007). "Desire to maintain quality drives foreign player rule". ESPNsoccernet. story?id=493683&cc=4716. Retrieved on 2008-05-11. [3] Lalas, Greg (2007-04-17). "Foreign exchange program". Sports Illustrated. writers/greg_lalas/04/17/mls.signings/ index.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-22. [4] ^ "MLS launches Youth Development Initiative". Major League Soccer Communications. November 10, 2006. mls_events_news.jsp?ymd=20061110&content_id=78 [5] "Chicago Fire sold to Andell Holdings". Chicago Fire Media Relations. September 6, 2007. mls_news.jsp?ymd=20070906&content_id=115581& Retrieved on 2008-05-11. [6] Martin (May 4, 2007). "MLS comes out of the gates strong in ’07". sport/soccer/article_1300505.php/ MLS_comes_out_of_the_gates_strong_in_07. Retrieved on 2008-05-11. [7] "’Game First’ initiatives enhance on-field product". Major League Soccer Communications. April 2, 2007.


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Major League Soccer

mls_news.jsp?ymd=20070402&content_id=87043&vkey=pr_mls&fext=.jsp. [17] "Vancouver waterfront stadium". Retrieved on 2008-05-11. Whitecaps FC. [8] Scott Van Voorhis (2007-08-02). "Revolution’s the goal: Somerville talks waterfront-stadium.aspx. Retrieved on stadium with Krafts". Boston Herald. 2009-03-23. [18] "MLS awards team to Portland for 2011". general/ Portland Timbers. 2009-03-20. [9] Woodward, Steve (26 June 2002). "Sponsors, TV contracts next on USA’s headlines/index.html?article_id=1108. agenda". USA Today (Yokohama, Japan). Retrieved on 2009-03-20. [19] Real Madrid will be back in ’08 cup2002/2002-06-26-usa-next.htm. [20] Clark, Dave, To DP, or not to DP, Retrieved on 1 May 2008.[10] ^ "MLS in ’eight-figure deal’ for foreign or-not-to-dp/, retrieved on 2008-10-31 TV rights". Sports Illustrated ( 23 December 2008. • United States men’s national soccer team soccer/12/22/mls.rights/index.html. • Major professional sports leagues of the Retrieved on 23 December 2008. United States and Canada [11] ^ Mickle, Tripp (22 December 2008). • ESPN MLS ExtraTime 2002 "MLS sells international TV rights to MP • ESPN MLS GameNight & Silva". Sports Business Journal. • ESPN MLS/Soccer Broadcast Teams • Generation Adidas article/61013. Retrieved on 23 December • Index of Professional Sports teams in the 2008. United States and Canada [12] ^ Holmes, Stanley (November 22, 2004). • List of current MLS players "Soccer: Time To Kick It Up A Notch". • List of current MLS players with national Businessweek. team caps • List of foreign MLS players content/04_47/ • List of MLS seasons b3909099.htm?campaign_id=search%20Soccer:%20Time%20To%20Kick%20It%20Up%20A%20Notch • Major League Soccer records and Retrieved on 2008-05-11. statistics [13] ^ Longman, Jere (July 8, 2007). • MLS Direct Kick "Beckham Arrives to Find a Sport • MLS ExtraTime Thriving in Its Own Way". The New York • MLS Expansion Times. • MLS Primetime Thursday 08/sports/soccer/ • MLS Game of the Week 08beckham.html?ex=1186372800&en=8ac84814e27d5891&ei=5070. • MLS Soccer Saturday Retrieved on 2008-05-11. • Carolina Challenge Cup [14] Weinbach, John (September 28, 2006). • MLS Wrap "Major League Soccer to sell ad space on • National Soccer Hall of Fame jerseys". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. • Sueño MLS • World Series of Soccer (MLS) 725842-28.stm. Retrieved on 2008-05-11. [15] "MLS awards Philadelphia 2010 expansion team". • Major League Soccer official site 2008-02-28. • U.S. Soccer official site mls_news.jsp?ymd=20080228&content_id=140965&vkey=pr_mls&fext=.jsp. • Major League Soccer Video at FoxSports Retrieved on 2008-07-24. Video Archive [16] "MLS expected to announce Vancouver

See also

External links

expansion team". CBC News. 2009-03-17. soccer/story/2009/03/17/sp-whitecapsexpansion.html.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Preceded by APSL Division 1 Soccer League in the United States 1996-Present

Major League Soccer
Succeeded by Current League

Retrieved from "" Categories: Football (soccer) organization stubs, 1995 establishments, American soccer competitions, Major League Soccer, National football (soccer) premier leagues, Professional sports leagues, Soccer in Canada, Soccer in the United States, Summer football (soccer) leagues This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 03:31 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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