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# MATHEMATICS AND LITERATURE by fjwuxn

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```									                    MATHEMATICS AND LITERATURE

Title:         100th Day Worries
Author:        Margery Cuyler
Math Concepts: Numbers and Number Systems, Statistics and Data Analysis
Summary:
The book depicts a little girl who worries about everything. She is given an assignment
and worries all week about what to do.
Suggested Activities:
Arrange students in pairs and have them discuss things about which they worry. Make a
classroom bar graph titled, ―The things –th graders worry about.‖ Predict what bar will
be the highest. Have the students color in the blocks and see if their predictions are
correct.

Title:         A Chair for My Mother
Author:        Vera B. Williams
Math Concepts: Measurement, Money, Fractions, Decimals, Estimation
Summary:
The story is about a family who saves money in a jar to but furniture after it was lost in a
fire.
Suggested Activities:
Have pennies in a jar and work with the students on counting on, estimating, sorting,

Title:           A Million Dots
Author:          Andrew Clements
Math Concepts: Place Values, Large Numbers, Addition
Summary:
This book begins and ends with a single dot. In between, readers not only view the other
999,998, but also pick up some fascinating tidbits of information. Each page features an
array of dots arranged in a rectangular shape with an illustration superimposed on top, all
set against a warm-hued background. One or two boxed facts help readers visualize
particular amounts, and the spreads have arrows pointing out how many dots have been
presented so far. The examples reinforce the concept while reflecting students’ interests.
(An example is that there are 525,600 minutes from one birthday to the next.)
Suggested Activities:
Make a place value chart with the numbers presented in the book.
List all of the numbers presented in order from least to greatest.
Invite students to think of their own idea for facts and/or events that could continue the
book to another million.
Title:          A Million Fish…More or Less
Author:         Patricia C. McKissack
Math Concepts: Number Sense
Summary:
This is a story about a boy who makes up a tale about how he has caught a million fish.
He wants to match his story up to his father’s adventures.
Suggested Activities:
Ask the students, ―If Hugh really had a million fish and threw half back, how many fish
would he have left?‖ Begin by starting with smaller numbers. For example, what is half
of 10? Have the students use the numbers 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000, 100,000, and
1,000,000. Ask them to look at any patterns they may see and then have them make
predictions for 10,000,000 and so on.

Title:          A Place for Zero
Author:         Angeline Sparagna
Math Concepts: Computation and Multiples of 10, 100, 1,000
Summary:
Zero is all alone on the land of Digitaria. He can’t play Addemup with the other
numbers, because he has nothing to add. Zero goes on a journey and is taken from the
mysterious workshop of Count Infinity to the palace of King Multiplis. This is where
Zero meets a stranger who looks surprisingly familiar.
Suggested Activities
This book would be best implemented in the middle or end of a lesson because of the
math vocabulary used. It is an excellent book to use to reinforce math vocabulary.

Title:            A Sweet Smell of Roses
Author:           Angela Johnson
Math Concepts: Fractions as Parts of a Group
Summary:
Two young African-American sisters sneak out of the house to participate in a peaceful
protest march with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. during the Civil Rights Movement. In a
simple way, the book effectively conveys some of the basic ideas and emotions of that
time.
Suggested Activities
Included in the manipulatives that accompany our current math series are counters shaped
like little stylized people. They come in four colors and can ―stand up‖. Give each
student ten people counters (or the number corresponding to the fraction you wish to
illustrate) and a piece of blank paper to serve as the ―road‖ for the protest march. By
clustering together a certain number of counters in the group of 10, the concept of a
fraction representing a part of a group can be illustrated and practiced. For example, if
you cluster 4 counters together, that represents 4 of the 10 people, or 4/10.
Title:          A Three Hat Day
Author:         Laura Geringer
Math Concepts: Statistics and Probability, Graphing, Problem Solving
Summary:
The main character of this book is a collector of hats. On a day when he is sad, he tries
on three hats to make himself feel better. He meets a woman who loves hats and wants to
marry her.
Suggested Activities
Put paper hats in a box and use probability terms to discuss the likelihood of picking
certain hats. Graph the findings. Have groups sort the hats into different categories and
discuss the combinations of hats that could be worn.

Title:          Actual Size
Author:         Steve Jenkins
Math Concepts: Measurement, Scale, and Comparing Sizes
Summary:
The author of this book creates artistic representations of animals to scale in the book so
that children can see what it would be like to be face to face with certain animals and to
learn how big or small these animals are.
Suggested Activities
In the classroom, you could have students visually compare the different animals, using
the proper terminology (larger, bigger, smaller than, equal to, and the like). Students
could also draw their own animals or objects to scale and then take turns measuring each
others’ drawings (a 12-inch ruler is provided on the inside jacket of the book.)

Title:         Alexander Who Used To Be Rich Last Sunday
Author:        Judith Viorst
Math Concepts: Money, Graphing, Concept of a Whole
Summary:
Alexander is a little boy who can’t save his money. His brothers and sisters are able to
save money, but he always ends up with just bus tokens.
Suggested Activities:
Make a money chart with showing how much money the students have in their pockets.
Predict how much they will save if they put a dollar away fro each year of their lives.

Title:        Amanda Bean’s Amazing Dream
Author:       Cindy Nueschwander
Math Concepts: Computation and Estimation
Summary:
This book connects the concept of multiplication to counting. Amanda counts everything
and once she realizes that using multiplication can help her count larger numbers she sees
the relevance of her math facts.
Suggested Activities:
As part of a classroom project, make a rug for the reading corner out of carpet squares.
Let the students use square pieces of paper to illustrate the way they want to put the
carpet together. Each student will receive 4 squares. They can answer questions such as,
―How many squares are in each row?‖ or ―How many rows are there?‖ or ―How many
pieces are there in all?‖ Students can also be asked to determine what happens when the
shape of the rug changes, or how many will be in each row after the change, and more.

Title:          America’s Champion Swimmer: Gertrude Ederle
Math Concepts: Measurement, Place Value, Mean, Median, Mode, Comparing
Information
Summary:
This is the biography of Gertrude Ederle, an American woman who swam the English
Channel in 1926 and surpassed the men’s record.
Suggested Activities
Make a timeline of events. Find out how much time elapsed between the major events.
Find the English Channel on a map and find out the distance that Gertrude swam.
Compare this to distances across other bodies of water. Make a place value chart with
the information. Find the mean, median, mode, and range of the data collected.

Title:          Anno’s Mysterious Multiplying Jar
Author:         Masachiro and Mitsumasa Anno
Math Concepts: Multiplication and Factorials
Summary:
This book teaches the concept ―factorial‖ to the very young learner. Anno begins with a
jar, which contains one island, which has two countries, which each has three mountains.
The story continues in this manner until ten objects are reached. The explanation of 10!
(symbol for factorial) is in the back of the book and is very helpful in teaching the lesson.
Suggested Activities:
This book is a great book to use as an introduction of multiplication. The book includes
activities and a n explanation of factorial, with examples that are easy to understand.

Title:        Arithme-Tickle
Author:       J. Patrick Lewis
Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Measurement;
Problem-solving, Communication, Reasoning & Proof
Summary:
This book is a collection of problem solving stories and poems that are fun and
challenging. Various mathematical concepts are explored. Answers are given at the end
of each riddle.
Suggested Activities:
The stories can be used to introduce and practice problem-solving strategies.
Students can create their own riddles with solutions. Afterwards, students can solve one
another’s problems.
Different materials can be used to model story problems.

Author:         Marc Brown
Math Concepts: Measurement and Estimation
Summary:
To prove that he can be responsible enough to have a pet of his own, Arthur starts his
Suggested Activities:
Groups can discuss a price for an hour of pet care, estimate how many hours Arthur cared
for the pets, and calculate how much money Arthur would have earned.

Title:          Can You Count to a Googol?
Author:         Robert E. Wells
Math Concepts: Computation, Grouping Numbers, Place Value
Summary:
This is an amazing book about big numbers. Would you consider one hundred a big
number? What about one thousand? Is one million big? These numbers might seem
large, until you get a look at a GOOGOL.
Suggested Activities:
This book would be best used at the middle or end of a lesson. The math vocabulary
would need to be addressed before reading the book. If not, the children will not
understand the story. Students will learn to read and write large numbers.

Title:           Carl’s Sleepy Afternoon
Author:          Alexander Day
Math Concepts: Predicting, Counting, Sequencing
Summary:
While his ―little girl‖, Madeline, and her mother go shopping for clothes, Carl, the
rottweiler, is left at home to take a nap. Instead, Carl has his own interesting afternoon
visiting many different places, arriving back home just in time to greet Madeline and her
mother. This book is part of a series of Carl books known for their beautiful, detailed
illustrations with a minimum of words.
Suggested Activities:
Use the book illustrations to make a color copy of the eleven places Carl visited. Also
make a picture of Carl with some type of pouch attached to him that is large enough to
hold the pictures of the places he visited. After reading the story, have the students
predict how may placed they think Carl visited. Pass out the pictures to the students and,
using the book as a guide, collect and count the places he visited as a group (predicting
and counting). Then, pass out groups of 3-4 pictures to individuals or groups of students
and ask them to sequence the pictures in the order that Carl visited them.

Title:          Chicka,. Chicka. 1 2 3
Author:         Bill Martin, Jr., Michael Sampson, Lois Ehlert
Math Concepts: Number Identification, Number Ordering
Summary:
This book is an obvious math book, but you can color copy and laminate the numbers in
front of the book and have the lower level students work on matching them to the
numbers inside the cover.
Suggested Activities:
You can distribute the laminated numbers, (or have students make and decorate their own
sets) and have the students hold up their number as you read the story and come to the
number. You can tape one large number to the back of each child, so the child does not
know what number he/she is wearing. Have the students walk around and try to put
themselves in order by discussing ―You are one more than 10‖, or ―am I more than 2?‖

Title:         Chicken Soup With Rice
Author:        Maurice Sendak
Math Concepts: Algebra and Functions
Summary:
The months of the year are said in rhyme with the words, ―chicken soup with rice‖
repeated as the last words on each page.
Suggested Activities
Post ―January‖, the first month of the book, on chart paper. List five kinds of chicken
soup on the board-chicken soup with rice, with stars, with noodles, chicken broth, and
cream of chicken soup. Using a histogram, have the children graph their favorite kind of
soup.

Title:         Christopher Columbus
Author:        Stephen Krensky
Math Concepts: Measurement-time, days of week, months
Summary:
This book is about Christopher Columbus’ sail to the New World.
Suggested Activities
Compare the start and end dates of Columbus’ trip to calculate elapsed time. Make other
comparisons involving time such as students’ birth date to current time or from the
beginning of the school year to the end of the year. The book stated that Columbus’
voyage lasted 32 weeks. Have the students decide how many days, hours, and minutes
elapsed. Map Columbus’ voyage and calculate the trip in miles.

Title:         Chrysanthemum
Author:        Henkes, Kevin
Summary:
Chrysanthemum has always loved her name until she started school. At school, children
tease her because her name is so long and because she is named after a flower. They stop
teasing her when Mrs. Twinkle tells them that she has a long name and that she was
named after a flower as well.
Suggested Activities:
Students can graph the number of letters in their name and create questions based on the
graphs. The can figure the mean, median, and mode. Students can make an addition and
subtraction fact using the number of letters in their first and last names. They can
compile the facts as a class list. Students can make addition and subtraction facts using
the number of vowels and consonants in their first and last names.

Title:         Click. Clack. Moo Cows That Type
Author:        Doreen Cronin
Math Concepts: Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication
Summary:
This story gives a voice to the animals that live on Farmer Brown’s farm. Click, Clack
Moo creates problems for Farmer Brown.
Suggested Activities:
This book can be used as an introduction to problem solving. After reading the story, let
the students write their own word problems that relate to Farmer Brown. Have the
students exchange papers and solve classmates’ word problems.

Title:          Clocks and More Clocks
Author:         Pat Hutchins
Math Concepts: Time
Summary:
A man keeps buying clocks because he thinks the ones in his house are broken as none of
them seem to show the same time. This is happening because he cannot be in more than
one room at the same time.
Suggested Activities:
This book could be used as an introduction to the study of elapsed time. Have the
students determine how much time it takes the man to get from one clock to the next.
The students can also discuss the importance of accuracy when telling time. Have
students write their own time word problems and have classmates solve them.
Title:          Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs
Author:         Judi Barrett
Math Concepts: Probability
Summary:
This story involves a grandfather telling a story to his grandchildren about the town of
Chew and Swallow. In this town, the daily weather is always some type of food falling
from the sky, which creates a series of unique problems for the community.
Suggested Activities:
The Chew and Swallow it was impossible to predict the weather, but sometimes you can
use what you know to make predictions of what will probably happen. Give each of the
children a coin. Have them predict how many heads or tails will show if they flip the
coin ten times. Then do the flipping and tally the data. Discuss the results. Give each
child a spinner that is divided in half and has each half colored differently. Have the
students predict how many spins of each color they are likely to get on ten spins, tally the
results, and discuss them. Do the same with the spinner divided into thirds, colored with
three different colors. Discuss and compare the results with the previous activities.

Title:          Clumsy Crab
Author:         Ruth Galloway
Math Concepts: Ordinal Numbers/Sequencing by Size
Summary:
While Nipper Crab is playing with his friends on the ocean floor his claws keep getting in
the way, causing him frustration and embarrassment. But when Octopus gets caught in
some seaweed, Nipper uses his claws to rescue his friend.
Suggested Activities
This book is illustrated with many simple, colorful undersea creatures that are easy to
copy or draw. Draw or copy ten of the characters, making them obviously vary in size,
smallest to largest. Give each student a copy (precut and on colored paper or allowing
them to cut and color them themselves) of the animals and a copy of the ordinal number
words first through tenth. Have the students arrange and glue the animals in order,
largest to smallest or the reverse, write the correct numeral, 1-10, under them, and glue
the correct ordinal number word under each picture.

Title:           Counting on Frank
Author:          Rod Clement
Math Concepts: Estimation, Number Sense, Measurement
Summary:
This story is about a little boy, Frank, who estimates and measures different things
relating to his family and the house that he lives in.
Suggested Activities
Fill a measuring cup with dry macaroni noodles. Have the students guess how many
noodles it takes to fill the cup. Write down everyone’s guess and count the noodles to see
who was the closest to the actual answer. Have students compose their own word
problems related to measurement and estimation.

Title:          Dear Tooth Fairy
Author:         Karen Gray Ruelle
Math Concepts: Measurement and Estimation
Summary:
As Emily’s first tooth is about to come out, she writes a letter to the tooth fairy every day
telling her what her favorite things are (necklace, bracelet, and others) and what she
Suggested Activities
List each month of the year on a graph. As a student’s tooth comes out, let him or her put
a tooth cut-out on the chart during the month that it fell out. This can serve as an
introduction to making a pictograph.

Title:          Emily’s First 100 Days of School
Author:         Rosemary Wells
Math Concepts: Calendar Skills, Counting, Multiplication, Division and Graphing
Summary:
This is the story of a little rabbit’s first hundred days of school. It is clear to students that
numbers are all around us as they read this story. There are many mathematical
connections to this book. One could be used for each hundred days to create a problem
of the day.
Suggested Activities
The activities in this book can be used to reinforce calendar skills, counting,
multiplication and division, and graphing.
An easy activity would be to use the day’s number and what is done on that day to make
the problem of the day or incorporate the same information into your morning message.

Title:          Frog & Toad Are Friends
Author:         Arnold Lobel
Math Concepts: Problem Solving, Recognizing Patterns, Sort, Classify, and Order
Objects by Size, Number, and other Properties
Summary:
This book has five chapters to it. In one of the chapters, called ―A Lost Button‖, Toad
losses his button and his friend, Frog, helps him find it.
Suggested Activities
Distribute a bag of buttons to the students. Reread the chapter, ―A Lost Button‖. Have
the students remove the buttons that could not belong to Toad. At the end, there should
be only one button remaining.
Have the students secretly choose a button from the collection. They should write down
clues about the button so that another classmate could guess what button was selected.
Title:          Grimericks
Author:         Susan Pearson
Math Concepts: Graphing
Summary:
This is an anthology of limericks about ghouls, ghosts, and goblins and would be perfect
for reading around Halloween (district permitting). It would be a good selection to tie in
language arts (writing your own limerick) with math at grades 3 to5. It would be a good
holiday tie-in for students in lower grades.
Suggested Activities
Depending on the grade level, choose the same limerick to be used by the entire class, or
have students select their favorite. Provide each student with a copy of the limerick.
Depending on the grade level, again, you might have students: circle all the b’s, d’s, p’s,
and q’s found in the limerick and graph them (or any letters of your choosing); circle all
of the vowels in a different color and graph them. As a variation, you could have each
student graph one letter or word on a class graph instead of the individual graphs.

Title:          Hannah’s Collections
Author:         Marthe Jocelyn
Math Concepts: Numbers, Number Systems, and Number Relationships
Summary:
In this story, Hannah collects lots of things. She has so many collections that when she is
asked to bring only one to share with her class, she cannot decide which one to bring to
school. This creates a lot of stress in Hannah’s life.
Suggested Activities:
The teacher can ask the students to bring in a collection of anything they have at home.
The collection must fit in a paper bag. The students trade bags with a partner and
investigate the new collection. Students must identify the total number of pieces in the
collection, sort the collection, and identify the number of pieces in each sub-category.

Title:          Henry Hikes to Fitchburg
Author:         D. B. Johnson
Math Concepts: Measurement and Estimation, Computing and Comparing Measurement;
Problem Solving and Communication
Summary:
In this story, Henry and his friends want to see who can get to Fitchburg first. Henry
walks 30 miles while his friend earns money to take the train. The students will enjoy the
Suggested Activities
The students can solve the problem given to them in the book. As an extension for the
upper grades, you can place students in pairs and give each pair a map from which they
can record the distances to given points. They can also calculate how long it will take to
get from a given point to another if driving at a constant speed of 60 mph or other speeds.
The students can also calculate gas mileage as well as the cost of getting from one place
to another.

Title:         Hooray for Diffendoorfer Day
Author:        Dr. Suess with Jack Prelutsky & Lane Smith
Math Concepts: Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication, Problem Solving
Strategies
Summary:
This book emphasizes that there is more than one way to come up with a correct answer.
Dr. Seuss emphasizes how a non-traditional school with eccentric teachers can achieve
high scores on formalized tests. The school has taught the students what matters most,
how to think!
Suggested Activities
Any guess and check problem can be used with this book. The students should think and
solve the problem independently and then get into pairs and share solutions. Once the
pairs have had the opportunity to discuss strategies they can present them to the entire
class.

Title:         How Big Is a Foot?
Author:        Rolf Myller
Math Concepts: Measurement
Summary:
The King in this story wants to give the Queen something special for her birthday. The
Queen has everything she needs, except for a bed. The trouble is that no one in the
kingdom knows the answer to a very important question, - how big is a bed? During the
time period in which the story takes place, beds have not yet been invented. Nor had
standard units of measure been invented. The King learns how to take measurements
using his 12-inch foot.
Suggested Activities
This amusing story could be used as part of the introduction to standard units of
measurement.

Title:         How Many Bugs in a Box?
Author:        David A. Carter
Math Concepts: Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Numbers & Operations, Problem-
Solving, Communication
Summary:
This book tells of different kinds of bugs hiding in a closed closet. Students predict and
count how many bugs are in each different colored and sized shaped box. The book also
introduces students to math vocabulary and describing words.
Suggested Activities:
Students can create addition and subtraction equations using different combinations of
boxes. Students can count the number of total bugs in the book, as well as the different
parts (legs, wings, and antenna) of the bug in each box and in the entire book. You can
extend the story by creating new boxes and drawing the specified number of bugs.

Title:          How Much is A Million?
Author:         David M. Schwartz
Math Concepts: Number Sense
Summary:
This story is about different numbers and how long or how much time it would take to
make each of the amounts.
Suggested Activities:
Have the students make a book similar to How Much is a Million using the number 100.
Have the students brainstorm different ideas and create a page for the book with an
illustration.

Title:          Hubert Horatio Bartle Bobton-Trent
Author:         Lauren Child
Math Concepts: Computation & Estimation;, Reasonableness of Answers
Summary:
In this story Hubert Horatio came from a very wealthy family. The book depicts that
value of a budget and understanding what you are spending and what you are earning.
Suggested Activities:
Allow the students to compose a list of what they think their families buy weekly (food,
gas, etc.) and have them estimate what they spend on these purchases. Give the students
an amount of money to work with as a weekly income, and have them prepare a budget
for the family for a week.

Title:           If You Hopped Like a Frog
Author:          David Schwartz
Math Concepts: Estimation, Measurement, Ratio
Summary:
This book gives interesting facts about various animals that students are sure to enjoy and
find amazing. For example, a frog can jump 20 times its body length and an ant can lift
50 times its body weight.
Suggested Activities:
Have students estimate how far they think they could hop if they were a frog. Decide
who the class thinks would be able to hop the farthest. Have the students measure each
others’ heights with a measuring tape. Using the information given in the story, help
them figure out how many inches/feet they could hop if they were a frog. In the hallway,
have them measure that distance by counting out tiles or using yarn that they have cut to
size.
Each student can determine the ratio of their height to their jump and then compare the
results to the rest of the class.
Title:         If You Made a Million
Author:        David Schwartz
Math Concepts: Money, Percentage, Measurement
Summary:
This book explores the relationships of money: equivalent values, earning money, saving
and spending money, and calculating interest.
Suggested Activities:
Give students a nickel and have them find an equivalent value for it using other coins.
Continue to explore the number of ways to make equivalent values for \$.10, \$.25, \$.50,
and \$1.00. Record the number of ways found for each. Students can also purchase items
from the ―class store‖ that cost \$.05, \$.10, \$.25, \$.50, and \$1.00 by using an equivalent
value for each item.

Title:           Inch by Inch
Author:          Leo Lionni
Math Concepts:Measurement
Summary:
This story is about an inchworm about to be eaten by a robin. The inchworm uses his
ability to measure things that prove that he is too useful to be eaten. The inchworm
measures until he is away from danger.
Suggested Activities:
This story can be used to introduce non-standard measurements. Students love to
measure the things around them and this is a great way to move into standard
measurement by using the inch on a ruler. Students can measure and compare the things
around the classroom. An activity to use would be to have the students trace and measure
their feet to find out who has the biggest and smallest feet. The students could use the
same feet for measuring with non-standard units, compare answers and engage in a
discussion of the need for standard units of measure.

Title:          Jelly Beans for Sale
Author:         Bruce McMillan
Math Concepts: Money
Summary:
This is a photograph book in which children are buying jelly beans for one cent. Each
coin is introduced. The book begins with buying one jelly bean for one cent and then
each transaction gets progressively more involved. It is an excellent book to use as an
introduction to money.
Suggested Activities:
Have the younger students observe each coin comparing color, size, and symbols on the
front and back. Have them order coins from the least to greatest value and from the
greatest to least value. Students can act out the transactions in the books using coins.
You can change the cost of the jelly beans and work students through buying various
numbers of jelly beans.

Title:          Jumanji
Author:         Chris Van Allsburg
Math Concepts: Probability & Calculations
Summary:
Judy and Peter find a board game that comes to life.
Suggested Activities:
Have the students toss a pair of dice 30 times and tally the sum each time in the chart
below.
2       3        4        5        6       7       8         9      10       11      12

First, they can compute the experimental probabilities of getting the following sums:
P (7)____, P(3) ____, P(12), ____, P(Less than 5)______, P(greater than 6)______.
The students can then discuss why some sums are more likely to occur than others.

Author:          Gail Herman
Math Concepts: Measurement, Number Sense
Summary:
This story is about a girl who has two baby sisters. She shares her room with her older
sister and she starts to measure the room in order to divide it in half. The girl then
measures different articles in her house and yard.
Suggested Activities:
Have the students measure the difference between different objects in the classroom in
feet. After that, have them convert the numbers from feet to inches. You can also discuss
the process fro dividing measurements in half.

Title:         Let’s Fly a Kite
Author:        Stuart J. Murphy
Math Concepts: Geometry/Spatial Sense; Measurement; Problem-Solving;
Communication; Reasoning & Proof
Summary:
One windy Saturday, both Bob and Hannah wanted to fly a kite. They needed to make a
kite but when it was time to decorate it they had to decide which part of the kite each
would decorate. As they continued through the day, they realized that there are many
things in the world that need to be shared in equal parts. If something had to be split, it
makes the split much easier if the object is symmetrical- with two equal matching parts.
Suggested Activities:
Have the students look for and make a list of the objects in the story that were symmetric.
(Have the students write the letters of their name in capital letters). Then ask them to
determine which letters in the name are symmetric. Try this with both first and last
names, with capital and then lower case letters. Discuss the differences.
Use all of the letters of the alphabet and make a list of those that have one line of
symmetry, two lines of symmetry, more than two lines of symmetry or zero lines of
symmetry.

Title:          Look at Annette
Author:         Marion Walter
Math Concepts: Geometry, Congruence, Symmetry, Patterns
Summary:
This book uses a mirror to change the pictures in the story. The students are asked to
move the mirror to change Annette and other objects.
Suggested Activities:
Students can create new pictures by making a random drawing on one half of a paper and
using a mirror to show the reflection, or symmetry of the object. They can paint one side
of the construction paper, fold the paper and see the result of symmetry. The students can
also identify the lines of symmetry. They can use the mirrors to recreate patterns.

Title:           Math Fables
Author:          Greg Tang
Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Problem-Solving,
Communication, Reasoning & Proof
Summary:
This book is a collection of short stories that count from one to ten. Within each story,
the focus number or sum is given. The story then continues with the characters solving
the problem and the different number combinations are clearly shown.
Suggested Activities:
This book can be used as an introduction to equation building. After the students master
facts to ten, extend the skill by creating other stories with sums to twenty. The students
can also sort and count groups of animals in the story and the number of wings and legs
each has.

Title:          Math Potatoes
Author:         Greg Tang
Math Concepts: Number Concepts, Making ―Smart Sums‖, Symmetry, Patterns,
Summary:
This picture book uses all kinds of visual tricks to demonstrate how to make arithmetic
faster and easier. On each double-page spread, a rhyming verse has fun with a variety of
subjects. Most rhymes are about foods, including pickles, potatoes, and ―flat jacks‖, and
the bright, computer-generated pictures are as playful as the words. This book goes far
beyond the usual simple counting book. The games are complex, the visuals are tricky,
subtracting, and multiplying. The spacious, illustrated answer pages at the back of the
book explain the puzzles, which will be fun for classroom use as well as for children
trying to find shortcuts in the counting jungle.
Suggested Activities
You can introduce the concept of grouping numbers, demonstrating that multiplication is
repeated addition, compatible numbers, and properties. You can use the book to introduce
or review fact families with addition and multiplication. Students can be challenged to
create their own poems with numbers and pictures using the concepts presented in the
book.

Title:           Math-terpieces
Author:          Greg Tang
Math Concepts: Addition, Multiplication, Problem Solving
Summary:
This book challenges children to take a playful approach to learning math, using elements
from famous paintings by artists such as Matisse, Mondrain, and Warhol. For instance,
one spread has a reproduction of Dali’s painting, ―The Persistence of Memory‖ and the
verse, ―Is it a dream or is it real? It is hard to know when art’s surreal. Dali’s clocks
onbce so precise—now they’re melting, just like ice. Find seven ways to make an 8.
Group the clocks; it’s getting late!‖ Paprocki’s more colorful versions of melting clocks
are grouped on the facing page and the groups can be combined in seven different ways
that add up to eight clocks. Children drawn to the game like element will undoubtedly
become more familiar with the paintings, though the main point is combining the sets of
objects.
Suggested Activities:
Students can write down equations that are demonstrated as they discover how many
ways to make certain numbers. The book stops at nine. Challenge the students to use ten
or more. You ca introduce the concepts of grouping numbers with this book as well.

Title:          Millions to Measure
Author:         David Schwartz
Math Concepts: Measurement, Estimation
Summary:
This book discusses how much of ―something’s‖ to measure. It gives students an idea of
how things were measured in previous times. The book deals with weight, height, and
length.
Suggested Activities:
Students can use objects to estimate how may ―?’s‖ will equal the weight of a text book,
the length of a pencil and the like. They can measure their own weight or height as well.
Students can try to follow along with some of the ideas in the book on a smaller scale.
Title:         Mr. Putter and Tabby Bake the Cake
Author:        Cynthia Rylant
Math Concepts: Measurement, Estimation
Summary:
In this book Mr. Putter is trying to decide what to give his neighbor for Christmas.
Suggested Activities:
The children can follow a recipe and measure the ingredients to mix and bake a cake.

Title:         Mrs. Brice’s Mice
Author:        Syd Hoff
Math Concepts: Grouping, Introduction to Multiplication and Division
Summary:
In this book, Mrs. Brice lives with 24 mice. They love doing everything with her, from
playing the piano, to sleeping, to doing errands. When she goes out, they divide into two
equal lines.
Suggested Activities:
Give the students mouse manipulatives and have them ―do errands‖ with Mrs. Brice by
seeing how many different combinations of lines they can make with the 24 mice.
(Students can suggest two lines of 12 each, three lines of four each, etc.) You can also
break the larger group into smaller sets.

Title:           My Place in Space
Author:          Robin and Sally Hirst
Math Concepts: Measurement, Time, Data Gathering, Analyzing, Geometry, Spatial
Sense, Computation
Summary:
Henry and Rosie tell the city bus driver that they want him to take them home. He teases
them and tells them that maybe they don’t know their address. Henry rises to the
occasion and tells the driver precisely where they he lives: 12 Main Street, Gumbridge,
Australia, Southern Hemisphere, Earth, Solar System, solar neighborhood, Orion Arm,
Milky Way Galaxy, local group of galaxies. During Henry’s description, the reader gets
a brief description of each part of the address. The result is a clear picture of our ―place
in space‖ as well as a glimpse at the amazing distances involved.
Suggested Activities:
This story can be used at the end of a lesson. The students could figure out the distances
as the story is reread to them.

Title:        No Jumping on the Bed!
Author:       Tedd Arnold
Summary:
In this book a young boy is getting ready for bed and he decides to jump on his bed. His
father tells him to stop, but once the lights are off and the door is closed, he does it
anyway. He jumps s o high and lands so hard that he falls through the floor with his bed,
onto his neighbor’s plate of spaghetti! The two of them continue to fall through the
floors in his apartment building until everyone lands in the basement (and he wakes up to
find that he is dreaming.)
Suggested Activities:
Students can add on by one to figure out how many people fell with the young boy.

Title:         Once Upon a Dime
Author:        Nancy Kelly Allen
Math Concepts: Money ( introduce difference coins, making change, comparing
amounts)
Summary:
In this book, Farmer Worth discovers that a special tree on his farm produces different
kinds of money, depending on what animal fertilizer he uses.
Suggested Activities:
Students can add how much money the farmer’s plants produce. They can also use and
compare how many of each coin is needed to make one dollar.

Title:          One Duck, Another Duck
Author:         Charlotte Pomerantz
Math Concepts: Counting
Summary:
This is a story of a grandmother owl and her grandson going to a pond and counting
ducks and swans. It is a very simple book about just adding one more. It is easy for
Suggested Activities:
This book can be used to introduce or reinforce the idea of adding one to any number.
The same could be done with subtracting one from a number. You can demonstrate that
adding one to a number gives you the very next counting number, and subtracting one for
a number gives you the number before it. Even and odd numbers can also be introduces
with this book. As a visual extension, the students can make a graph of how many
siblings each student has in his/her family. They can also answer a variety of questions

Title:          One Hundred Hungry Ants
Author:         Elinor J. Pinczes
Math Concepts: Division
Summary:
This story is about an army of hungry ants that divide and conquer a picnic.
Suggested Activities:
This book can be used as an introduction to the concept of division.
Title:           Pancake, Pancake
Author:          Eric Carle
Math Concepts: Measurement, Number Sense, Fractions
Summary:
This story is about a mother who makes pancakes for her son. He has to go out and find
all of the ingredients needed to complete the recipe.
Suggested Activities:
Students can take a favorite recipe and then alter the ingredients by doubling the recipe or
cutting the ingredients in half.. Older students can be given a fraction by the teacher and
then alter the ingredients accordingly. Students enjoy talking about servings and what
happens when a recipe isn’t followed correctly. This story provided that opportunity.

Title:           Pigs at Odds
Author:          Amy Axelrod
Math Concepts: Data Analysis, Statistics, Probabilit,; Patterns, Functions & Algebra,
Problem-Solving, Communication, Reasoning & Proof
Summary:
In this story Mr. and Mrs. Pig and their piglets are going to the county fair. At first they
cannot decide whether to go on the rides or play games, so they flip a coin. They go on
all the rides first and then decide to try their luck at the games. No matter how hard Mr.
Pig tires to win, the odds are always against them. Will he ever win a prize? Read and
find out!
Suggested Activities:
This story can be used to introduce probability and statistics concepts. The students can
further investigate various probabilities by using dice, spinners, and playing cards. They
can record their results and discuss which outcomes were easier to predict and explain
why. The class can review the game of chance that Mr. Pig tried. Students can make a
chart to show the least and most economical game. They can write about their results.
As an extension activity, students can design a game of chance and then discuss what
makes a game of chance fair or unfair.

Title:          Pigs Will Be Pigs
Author:         Amy Axelrod
Math Concepts: Money, Addition, Subtraction, Decimals
Summary:
In this story the families of pigs are hungry but cannot buy food because they know that
they need money. They search for money around the house
Suggested Activities:
Students can practice making change, adding and subtracting decimals and money by
working with the menus in the book to create a meal. They can decide how much money
they will need, and how much they’ll get back. Students can also create their own word
problems that involve money. This story could be used as a beginning lesson or a
concluding lesson to the study of money.

Title:         Pizza Counting
Author:        Christina Dobson
Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra;, Data Analysis,
Statistics, Probability, Geometry/Spatial sense, Problem-Solving; Communication;
Reasoning & proof
Summary:
This book gives interesting facts about the history of pizza as well as showing various
ideas for topping this tasty food. Patterns, equations, and other math concepts are
cleverly explored through pizza.
Suggested Activities:
Students can create their own ―pizza equations‖ with different toppings for the class
pizza. They can figure out the total number of slices a set number of pizzas will have.
This is a fun way to introduce fractions and equivalent fractions. Students can design
pizzas with different types of patterns for toppings.

Title:          Rechenka’s Eggs
Author:         Patricia Polacco
Math Concepts: Statistics and Data Analysis
Summary:
In this story Babushka painted beautiful eggs for a fair every year. An injured goose
appeared at her house and she nursed it back to health. One day the goose knocked over
all the eggs that Babushka had painted for the fair.
Suggested Activities:
Give each child a boiled egg that has been separated into quadrants with pencil lines.
With white crayons have the children draw a different shape in each quadrant. The eggs
can then be dyed so that shapes seem to magically appear.

Author:        Paula Danziger
Math Concepts: Graphing, Addition, Subtraction, Word Problems
Summary:
Amber thinks that second grade rules. She was the pocket queen on pocket day because
she wore two pairs of overalls. She has a problem when the teacher tells the children that
they need to keep their desks clean. Deskarina, the desk fairy, will leave treats for the
students with neat desks. Amber works hard to keep her desk clean and finally receives a
treat.
Suggested Activities:
Students can graph the number of pockets they are wearing and write questions about the
graph. They can discuss the mean, median, and mode of the graph. Students can
organize their desks and use addition to find the total number of folders, copybooks,
pencil cases, and books that they have in their desks. Each student can record this
information on a class chart to find the total number of each item in the class.
Additionally, students can use the chart to create and solve word problems.

Title:           Shape Up! Fun With Triangles and Other Polygons
Math Concepts: Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Measurement; Geometry, Problem-
Solving, Communication
Summary:
This book is a great introduction to polygons. It gives excellent examples of each type of
polygon. The book is loaded with rich math vocabulary for this concept. A glossary is in
the back part of the book, too.
Suggested Activities:
Give the students various two-dimensional shapes and have students sort them according
to their attributes. Go on a scavenger hunt around the school and record the different
types of polygons seen and the number of each. Graph the results. Use pretzel rods to
create polygons. Create a chart and record the number of rods used to make each shape.
See what happens if you add a shorter or longer rod. Give out various sizes of paper and
record the number of cuts it takes to make each polygon.

Title:          Stand Tall, Molly Lou Melon
Author:         Patty Lovell
Math Concepts: Estimation, Money, Measurement
Summary:
The story deals with a little girl who always loved her inadequacies (buck teeth, squeaky
voice, short), but moves to a new place where she is teased because of them until she
shows how wonderfully she can do because of them.
Suggested Activities:
Students can pose questions based on happenings in the story that are related to math.
For instance, students can estimate the number of pennies the girl stacked in her teeth,
how tall she is, and other interesting facts. Students can work in groups to try to answer
or test the questions. They can crate their own word problems as well. They could also
measure the stacks of pennies.

Title:        Stay in Line
Author:       Teddy Slater/Marilyn Burns
Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Data Analysis,
Problem-Solving, Communication, Reasoning & Proof
Summary:
In this story a teacher is taking her class of twelve students on a field trip to the zoo. The
teacher reminds the students to ―stay inline‖. However, the students are grouped in many
different ways to ride the bus, see the llamas, and other zoo animals during the class trip.
Suggested Activities:
Use 12 counters or 12 pennies to represent the students. Arrange the groups according to
the story. See if the students can find other ways to arrange the 12 students into equal
groups. Record the different combinations tat you can group the students in. See if the
students can find all the ways that will equal 12. Explain/explore things that come in a
dozen. Make a list of things that are in the students’ houses in dozen, more than a dozen,
or less than a dozen.

Title:          Stella Luna
Author:         Janell Cannon
Math Concepts: Comparing Numbers
Summary:
Stella Luna is a baby bat that separated from her mother at a very young age and is
adopted by a family of birds. Though she is loved and cared for, she has some difficulty
fitting in and acting like a bird. She is ultimately reunited with her mother and her true
identity.
Suggested Activities:
Use the characters- birds and a bat- to create a visual to practice the concept of and the
correct symbols for greater than, less than, and equal to. Make two large bird heads
facing in opposite directions using the signs for greater than and less than for their wide
open beaks (the open bird beak will ―eat the big number‖ when you use the correct
symbol). Make a large bat with a long wingspan and write the equal sign across the body
and wingspan. Attach magnets to the back and work with students writing two numbers
on the board, and then placing the correct symbol between them. Emphasize reading the
numbers and the symbols aloud correctly.

Title:          Swimmy
Author:         Leo Lionni
Gr. 1-2: Part to Whole, Estimation, Fractions
Summary:
Swimmy the fish decides that just swimming around isn’t fun. He wants the other fish to
go explore with him, but they all are afraid of the big sharks. Swimmy comes up with the
idea of having the fish swim together in the shape of a large fish, in order to scare away
the sharks.
Suggested Activities:
Younger students can look through the book and decide which fish is the smallest, the
largest, and so on. They can also do basic addition and subtraction using gummy fish as
manipulatives. The older students can use the large fish that Swimmy and his friends
make and work with breaking it into smaller groups, counting the fish and dividing them
up, or even comparing parts to whole as they begin to study fractions.

Title:         Thanksgiving at the Tappletons’
Author:        Eileen Spinelli
Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Problem-Solving,
Communication, Connections, Reasoning & Proof
Summary:
Thanksgiving at the Tappleton’s is always a special day. Everyone works hard preparing
the celebration. But this year nothing seems to go right. First, the turkey slides out the
door and down the icy path and into the pond. Next, the bakery is out of pies. Things are
not going well at the Tappleton’s. All seems lost until grandma reminds everyone that
there is much more to Thanksgiving than the turkey and the trimmings.
Suggested Activities:
Have students recall their experiences with holiday dinners. Record a list of sample food
items used. Students may select three items to eat for dinner. See how many different
combinations of food the students can make. Assign prices to the food items mentioned
above. Give the students a set budget and see how many meals they can create while
staying within their budgets.

Title:         The Adventures of Penrose: The Mathematical Cat
Author:        Theoni Pappas
Math Concepts: Geometry, Fractions, Multiplication
Summary:
This book includes enchanting stories that help math idea come alive. A cat named
Penrose shows off his talent for math by taking children on a tour of mathematical
concepts.
Suggested Activities:
The variety of short stories found in this piece of literature could be beneficial when
beginning a geometry lesson, a lesson about fractions, or multiplication.

Title:         The April Rabbits
Author:        David Cleveland
Math Concepts: Calendar Skills
Summary:
This is a funny story about a boy who has rabbits following him around. Each day of the
month a new rabbit appears. The rabbits are very funny. They start coming on the first
of the month and on the last day they go away and are not seen again.
Suggested Activities:
This book is a great resource when introducing and reviewing calendar skills. This story
would also be a good resource for making your problem of the day or using the day’s
number in your morning message. For example, on the 15th of April you could ask
students how many groups of 5 they can make with 15 cubes. Use the yes/no clothes pin
board to quickly determine if children know even and odd numbers. Ask questions to see
if they notice a pattern. These questions can be differentiated to meet the needs of your
learners.

Title:          The Art Lesson
Author:         Angela Johnson
Math Concepts: Fractions
Summary:
A beginning first grader who aspires to be a real artist is disappointed by the art
opportunities in the classroom. When the school’s art teacher comes in to give her first
lesson, the student discovers that he can participate in the regular lesson and be creative
as well.
Suggested Activities:
Give each student the same even number of counters, two different colored half sheets of
construction paper, one of their choices and one that is the same for all, and a white board
to write on. If you give the students 12 counters, on the same colored paper everyone
puts 6 counters in a group together. On the other colored papers the students arrange the
other 6 counters in groups any way they want them. They then write their groups as an
addition sentence. For example, a group of 4 and a group of 2 is written 4 + 2. Each
student will make as many combinations as they can, all different ways to make 6.

Title:          The Boats on the River
Author:         Marjorie Flack
Math Concepts:Graphing
Summary:
This story is about the transport of goods and people in a port city. The travel is by car
and boat and the story deals with the many kinds of boats and their jobs. The story is
about spiritual awareness. Many directional words like across, through, along, and
underneath are used. Students who are visual learners can see these words in action.
Suggested Activities:
One activity would be to let the children choose a mode of transportation that they like
the best. Graph the results. Have students name the graph and come up with one
question that can be answered by using the graph and one that cannot be answered using
the graph.

Title:        The Cat in the Hat
Author:       Dr. Seuss
Math Concepts: Numbers, Number Systems, Number Relationships
Summary:
While their mother was out for the day, two children are visited by the Cat in the Hat and
Suggested Activities:
After asking the children to look closely at the hat, discuss the pattern. Have the children
each choose two different colors of beads and then string in a pattern similar to that of the
hat.

Title:          The Counting Race
Author:         Margaret McNamara
Math Concepts: Problem Solving, Counting by 2’s, 5’s, 10’s
Summary:
The first grade class in this story is presented with the challenge of finding a way to count
to 10 in one second. The students think about it as a group, and then they decide to count
by twos.
Suggested Activities:
Have a discussion with the students about how the children in the story were presented
with a math problem and had to find a way to solve it. This might encourage the students
to tackle problems on their own. You can introduce skip counting by having all the
students line up in front of the class. The first student quietly says 1, then the next
student loudly says 2, and the third quietly says 3, and so on, until all students have said a
number. Then, have the students go back and only say the numbers that were said loudly.

Title:          The Doorbell Rang
Author:         Pat Hutchins
Summary:
In this story the mother of a family makes 12 cookies for 2 children to share. Throughout
the story, more and more friends come to the door and it is up to the children to decide,
each time, how to share the cookies among the group.
Suggested Activities:
Give the students 12 cookies or use cubes. Reread the story and have the students
separate their cookies into equal groups each time the new people arrive. (They can have
2 , 4, and 6 groups.) As an extension, have the students decide what other groups could
be used to separate the cookies equally. Have them repeat the activity with 15, 16, 18,
and 21 cookies and compare results.

Author:         Eric Carle
Math Concepts: Measurement, Patterns and Relationships, Time
Summary:
This story is about a ladybug who tries to start fights with creatures that are larger than
she is. The day goes on as she goes from creature to creature.
Suggested Activities:
Make word problems using the time from the clocks in the book , focus on elapsed time,
and have students measure themselves using ladybugs as a unit of measure.
Title:         The Important Book
Author:        Margaret Wise Brown
Math Concepts: Patterns and Relationships
Summary:
This story describes everyday objects in a very repetitive manner.
Suggested Activities:
Have the students look at the different objects described and the pattern the author used
to describe them. Have the students look at the different pictures and relate them to
geometric shapes.

Title:         The Keeping Quilt
Author:        Patricia Polacco
Math Concepts: Geometry
Summary:
This book tells the story of a quilt that is handed down from generation to generation.
The quilt helps keep the traditions and the memories of the family alive.
Suggested Activities:
Divide the students into groups of four or five. Give each group a quilt and have each
group identify all of the geometric shapes on their quilts. Ask the students to use as much
math as they can in order to describe the quilts. Then allow the students to design and
make their own quilts. They must first decide upon the shapes and patterns they want to
use.

Title:          The King’s Chessboard
Author:         David Birch
Math Concepts: Multiplication, Patterns, Exponents
Summary:
This story is a parable about a powerful king and a wise man whose simple request for a
grin of rice doubled for each square of the king’s chessboard proves to be an impossible
challenge for the royal granary. An amusing scenario unfolds as the amount of rice
multiplies daily, causing great curiosity among the villagers and embarrassment to the
proud king, who learns a valuable lesson.
Suggested Activities:
This story can be used to introduce the concept of ―doubling‖ with multiplication. An
additional activity could be to have the students select a number to start a series. They
can compute the next number in the series up to 5. Ask them to estimate the next number
in the series. Challenge further problem solving by asking how many there will be if it is
the 25th day.

Title:         The Kissing Hand
Author:        Audrey Penn
Math Concepts: Counting by 5’s and 10’s, Multiplying by 5’s and 10’s
Summary:
In this book a young raccoon has anxiety about leaving his mother and familiar
surroundings to attend school for the first time. His mother helps him deal with his
anxiety by giving him a kiss on his hand that he can carry with him throughout the day.
Suggested Activities:
Have the students make their own ―kissing hands‖ by tracing and cutting out their own
hands using oak tag. Use one hand at a time (five fingers0 for activities involving
counting or multiplying by 5’s and two hands (10 fingers) clipped or taped together for
activities counting or multiplying by 10’s. When activities are completed, label
individual hands with counting by 5’s numbers (5, 10, 15, 20…100) and pairs of hands
with counting by 10’s numbers (10, 20, 30…100) and use a classroom reference on the
wall. Groups of hands can be glued together on paper to illustrate multiplication facts.

Title:          The Little Red Hen Makes a Pizza
Author:         Philemon Sturges
Math Concepts:Fractions
Summary:
In this story Little Red Hen asks all of her friends to help her make a pizza, but they are
all too busy and tell her,‖no‖.
Suggested Activities:
Using frozen pizza as manipulatives, introduce the concept of a whole and fractions.
Afterwards, students can eat the manipulatives.

Title:           The Napping House
Author:          Audrey Wood
Math Concepts: Diminishing Size, Estimation
Summary:
It’s a rainy afternoon and Granny is snoring on the bed in a cozy room. A child crawls on
top of her and dreams. Gradually, the pile increases with a dozing dog, snoozing cat,
slumbering mouse, and finally a wakeful flea who, by biting the mouse sets off a chain of
events which results in a broken pile and even a broken bed. Between the words and the
illustrations, this book will be enjoyed by all.
Suggested Activities:
This book could be used in the introduction of a lesson dealing with demonstrating
diminishing size and estimation.

Title:        The Quilt Story
Author:       Tomie DePaola
Math Concepts: Patterns, Geometry
Summary:
This story is about a girl who has a quilt that is put away fro many years. It is found later
by a distant relative. The story tries to draw a connection between the two girls through
the quilt.
Suggested Activities:
Have the students make a quilt by using different shapes. The students could work with
tangrams to reinforce symmetry, congruency, and shape relationships.

Title:         The Red Apples
Author:        Pat Hutchins
Math Concepts: Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication
Summary:
A farmer has an apple tree with ten apples on it and the animals start eating them one-by-
one.
Suggested Activities:
Have each child bring in three apples. As they lay on the floor, they can measure each
other using apples as a measuring tool.

Title:          The Shape of Things
Author:         Dayle Ann Dodds
Math Concepts: Shapes
Summary:
The author shows each shape while telling a rhyming story. She also shows how the
shape can be used to make a picture. At the end of the story, there is a seek-and-find that
the students can complete to see if they can find all of the shapes that they learned.
Suggested Activities:
This book can be used to introduce students to shapes. The rhyme will make it more fun
and easier for the students to learn the shapes. Students can then try to make their own
pictures using shapes. Also, you can make a concentration game with the shapes where
the students try to turn over two cards with the same shape on them.

Title:          The Trail of Tears
Author:         Joseph Burchac
Math Concepts: Measurement, Place Value, Elapsed Time, Graphing, Mean, Median,
Mode
Summary:
This is a story about the Cherokee nation as they leave their homeland to travel wet
against their own wishes.
Suggested Activities:
You can use this book to connect math to a real life historical event. Have the students
make a timeline of the events in the story. Calculate how much time elapsed between the
major events. Find all of the numbers in the book (1838, 17,000, etc.) and make a place
value chart. Find the mean, median, mode, and range of this information. Show data
using box and whiskers, bar graph, histogram, and the like. Follow the route of the Trail
if Tears on a map. Write down the miles traveled. Calculate the length of the entire trip.

Title:          The True Story of the Three Little Pigs
Author:         Jon Screszka
Math Concepts: Money
Summary:
This is the story of the Three Little Pigs told from the wolf’s perspective. The wolf is
portrayed as the victim of a ―misunderstanding‖ of the events in the traditional version of
the story.
Suggested Activities:
Introduce and practice the concept that the same amount for money can be shown using
different combinations of coins-relating to the idea in the story that the wolf and pigs saw
the same things differently. Provide a cut out wolf, a pig, and a bag of mixed coins for
each child and one for the teacher to use as a model. Place a coin or combination of coins
on the pig and have the students make the same amount using different coins on the wolf.
Depending on the amounts of money used, this could be used in multiple grade levels.

Title:          The Wretched Stone
Author:         Chris Van Allsburg
Math Concepts: Subtraction
Summary:
Sailors on a long voyage take a huge, glowing rock found on an island onboard their ship.
As the voyage continues, they spend more and more time staring at the rock and less and
less time attending to their work and other tasks. Gradually all but one of them turns into
a monkey. During a storm, the rock is washed overboard. Without the rock to
mesmerize them and with continuous re-exposure to music and reading, all the sailors
recover their true form again.
Suggested Activities:
Give each student a simple cut out of a sail boat, ten sailor faces, and ten monkey faces.
(This can be very simple round shapes.) Everyone starts with ten sailors on their ships.
Begin asking questions such as the following: Two sailors turn into monkeys (students
trade 2 sailor faces for 2 monkey faces). How many sailors are there now? Write a
subtraction sentence to match your picture. Four more sailors turn into monkeys. How
many sailors are left? Write a subtraction sentence to match your picture. How many
more monkeys are there than sailors? Students use the sailor and monkey faces to
illustrate each new scenario.

Title:        This Old New House
Author:       Sheila McGraw
Math Concepts: Measuring, Design and Map Skills
Summary: Measurement and Scale Drawings
This is a story about an old house that was being renovated. The house is planned and
designed in the story and blueprints are shared, showing various dimensional views of the
house. The story takes the readers behind the four walls and into the heating and water
systems.
Suggested Activities

Title:           Too Many Bunnies
Author:          Tomie dePaola
Math Concepts: Ordering of Numbers, Counting by 1’s, 2’s, 3’s and 4’s, Planning and
Solving Problems
Summary:
In this story, a rabbit family tries to work together to plant radishes. Each is given a job
but they run into trouble because there is no plan as to the order in which these jobs
should occur. They learn from their mistakes and come up with a better plan in which
Suggested Activities:
An activity for this book could be to order the steps of problem solving. Have a set
problem with the steps to solve it on sentence strips. Students would have to put the steps
in order. Make sentence strips self-correcting with the answers on the back of them.

Title:          Tuesday
Author:         David Wiesner
Math Concepts: Time
Summary: This book begins ―Tuesday evening, around eight‖- where frogs start flying
solemnly at first and then with increasing glee as they fly through the town. As dawn
approaches, the pads and the frogs fly lower and lower until the pads fall off and the frogs
leap into their pond. The last page gives the time ―Next Tuesday, seven fifty-eight P.M.‖
and the readers see flying pigs.
Suggested Activities:
This book could be read to students prior to an introductory lesson about time. The
students could try locating the clues that help tell what time of day it is.

Title:        Twenty is Too Many
Author:       Kate Duke
Math Concepts: Subtraction
Summary:
Twenty guinea pigs are in a boat that begins to sink. Ten leave all at once in their own
unique way. The others leave one at a time.
Suggested Activities:
Teachers can read the book a second time while students use manipulatives to
demonstrate the subtraction facts in the book. Give students a paper boat with the
numbers 1 through 20 folded inside. Students take the numbers out one at a time and
subtract it from 20. They should write the problems and the answers. Students can work
with partners and come up with their own subtraction facts from 20 and act them out
using manipulatives.

Title:          Two Ways to Count to Ten
Author:         Ruby Dee
Math Concepts: Patterns, Number Rlationships
Summary:
This story is about different animals who want to be king of the jungle. The story
prompts students to think about number patterns and skip counting.
Suggested Activities:
Write on the board the two ways suggested in the book to count to ten. Challenge the
students by increasing the number and asking them ways to count to that number. You
can also discuss even, odd, and prime numbers.

Title:          What Comes in 2’s, 3’s and 4’s?
Author:         Susan Aker
Math Concepts: Skip Counting, Multiplication, Patterns
Summary:
This book explores the various ways that 2’s, 3’s, and 4’s are found in everyday life.
Suggested Activities:
Create a chart of things that are founding same size groupings fro 2 to 10. Use the chart
to find solutions to problems such as: How many fingers are in the class or a group? How
many wheels are on 5 tricycles? Have the students compose and solve their own
problems. Give each of the students a hundreds chart and have them color in multiples of
2, 3, and 4 in different colors. Have them look for patterns and numbers that have more
than one color. Have the students work in pairs. Give them work mats that have circles
that can be used for sorting sets. Walk them through some problems using counters. For
example, have the students make 4 groups of 5. Students would use 4 circles and put 5
counters in each. Students can continue to explore and write down their own problems
and answers. Through exploration with counters have the students determine what values
would be able to be grouped bt 2’s, 3’s, and 4’s. Have them look for similarities.

Author:         Julie Ellis
Math Concepts: Pythagorean Theory; Angles, Triangles, Area
Summary:
This book depicts a fictionalized look at Pythagoras as he discovers his famous theorem.
He is depicted as a curious boy who travels with his father from Samos to Alexandria,
where he meets a builder named Neferheperhersekeper, who introduces him to the right
angle. He begins his experiment, observing and noting the fixed and unvarying
mathematical nature of triangles- right angles, to be precise. (Please note that the book is
not historically accurate.)
Suggested Activities:
Give the students a piece of string (as illustrated in the book) and have them replicate the
right triangle and prove the theory. Use tiles to demonstrate the area of a triangle and
compare that to the area you get using the area formula. Create drawings on graph paper
using right triangles of differing sizes. Measure their areas using blocks and compare the
areas to those obtained using the formula. Use the theory as a measuring tool. (This is
demonstrated in the book.)
easuring tool. (This is
demonstrated in the book.)

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