VIEWS: 40 PAGES: 32 POSTED ON: 11/17/2010
MATHEMATICS AND LITERATURE Title: 100th Day Worries Author: Margery Cuyler Grade Levels: Grades 2-4 Math Concepts: Numbers and Number Systems, Statistics and Data Analysis Summary: The book depicts a little girl who worries about everything. She is given an assignment and worries all week about what to do. Suggested Activities: Arrange students in pairs and have them discuss things about which they worry. Make a classroom bar graph titled, ―The things –th graders worry about.‖ Predict what bar will be the highest. Have the students color in the blocks and see if their predictions are correct. Title: A Chair for My Mother Author: Vera B. Williams Grade Levels: Grades K-5 Math Concepts: Measurement, Money, Fractions, Decimals, Estimation Summary: The story is about a family who saves money in a jar to but furniture after it was lost in a fire. Suggested Activities: Have pennies in a jar and work with the students on counting on, estimating, sorting, making change, and adding money. Title: A Million Dots Author: Andrew Clements Grade Levels: Grades 2-4 Math Concepts: Place Values, Large Numbers, Addition Summary: This book begins and ends with a single dot. In between, readers not only view the other 999,998, but also pick up some fascinating tidbits of information. Each page features an array of dots arranged in a rectangular shape with an illustration superimposed on top, all set against a warm-hued background. One or two boxed facts help readers visualize particular amounts, and the spreads have arrows pointing out how many dots have been presented so far. The examples reinforce the concept while reflecting students’ interests. (An example is that there are 525,600 minutes from one birthday to the next.) Suggested Activities: Make a place value chart with the numbers presented in the book. List all of the numbers presented in order from least to greatest. Invite students to think of their own idea for facts and/or events that could continue the book to another million. Title: A Million Fish…More or Less Author: Patricia C. McKissack Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Number Sense Summary: This is a story about a boy who makes up a tale about how he has caught a million fish. He wants to match his story up to his father’s adventures. Suggested Activities: Ask the students, ―If Hugh really had a million fish and threw half back, how many fish would he have left?‖ Begin by starting with smaller numbers. For example, what is half of 10? Have the students use the numbers 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000, 100,000, and 1,000,000. Ask them to look at any patterns they may see and then have them make predictions for 10,000,000 and so on. Title: A Place for Zero Author: Angeline Sparagna Grade Levels: Grades 4-5 Math Concepts: Computation and Multiples of 10, 100, 1,000 Summary: Zero is all alone on the land of Digitaria. He can’t play Addemup with the other numbers, because he has nothing to add. Zero goes on a journey and is taken from the mysterious workshop of Count Infinity to the palace of King Multiplis. This is where Zero meets a stranger who looks surprisingly familiar. Suggested Activities This book would be best implemented in the middle or end of a lesson because of the math vocabulary used. It is an excellent book to use to reinforce math vocabulary. Title: A Sweet Smell of Roses Author: Angela Johnson Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Fractions as Parts of a Group Summary: Two young African-American sisters sneak out of the house to participate in a peaceful protest march with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. during the Civil Rights Movement. In a simple way, the book effectively conveys some of the basic ideas and emotions of that time. Suggested Activities Included in the manipulatives that accompany our current math series are counters shaped like little stylized people. They come in four colors and can ―stand up‖. Give each student ten people counters (or the number corresponding to the fraction you wish to illustrate) and a piece of blank paper to serve as the ―road‖ for the protest march. By clustering together a certain number of counters in the group of 10, the concept of a fraction representing a part of a group can be illustrated and practiced. For example, if you cluster 4 counters together, that represents 4 of the 10 people, or 4/10. Title: A Three Hat Day Author: Laura Geringer Grade Levels: Grades K-5 Math Concepts: Statistics and Probability, Graphing, Problem Solving Summary: The main character of this book is a collector of hats. On a day when he is sad, he tries on three hats to make himself feel better. He meets a woman who loves hats and wants to marry her. Suggested Activities Put paper hats in a box and use probability terms to discuss the likelihood of picking certain hats. Graph the findings. Have groups sort the hats into different categories and discuss the combinations of hats that could be worn. Title: Actual Size Author: Steve Jenkins Grade Levels: Grades 1-2 Math Concepts: Measurement, Scale, and Comparing Sizes Summary: The author of this book creates artistic representations of animals to scale in the book so that children can see what it would be like to be face to face with certain animals and to learn how big or small these animals are. Suggested Activities In the classroom, you could have students visually compare the different animals, using the proper terminology (larger, bigger, smaller than, equal to, and the like). Students could also draw their own animals or objects to scale and then take turns measuring each others’ drawings (a 12-inch ruler is provided on the inside jacket of the book.) Title: Alexander Who Used To Be Rich Last Sunday Author: Judith Viorst Grade Levels: Grades 1-5 Math Concepts: Money, Graphing, Concept of a Whole Summary: Alexander is a little boy who can’t save his money. His brothers and sisters are able to save money, but he always ends up with just bus tokens. Suggested Activities: Make a money chart with showing how much money the students have in their pockets. Predict how much they will save if they put a dollar away fro each year of their lives. Title: Amanda Bean’s Amazing Dream Author: Cindy Nueschwander Grade Levels: Grades 2-4 Math Concepts: Computation and Estimation Summary: This book connects the concept of multiplication to counting. Amanda counts everything and once she realizes that using multiplication can help her count larger numbers she sees the relevance of her math facts. Suggested Activities: As part of a classroom project, make a rug for the reading corner out of carpet squares. Let the students use square pieces of paper to illustrate the way they want to put the carpet together. Each student will receive 4 squares. They can answer questions such as, ―How many squares are in each row?‖ or ―How many rows are there?‖ or ―How many pieces are there in all?‖ Students can also be asked to determine what happens when the shape of the rug changes, or how many will be in each row after the change, and more. Title: America’s Champion Swimmer: Gertrude Ederle Author: David Adler Grade Levels: Grades K-4 Math Concepts: Measurement, Place Value, Mean, Median, Mode, Comparing Information Summary: This is the biography of Gertrude Ederle, an American woman who swam the English Channel in 1926 and surpassed the men’s record. Suggested Activities Make a timeline of events. Find out how much time elapsed between the major events. Find the English Channel on a map and find out the distance that Gertrude swam. Compare this to distances across other bodies of water. Make a place value chart with the information. Find the mean, median, mode, and range of the data collected. Title: Anno’s Mysterious Multiplying Jar Author: Masachiro and Mitsumasa Anno Grade Levels: Grade 3-5 Math Concepts: Multiplication and Factorials Summary: This book teaches the concept ―factorial‖ to the very young learner. Anno begins with a jar, which contains one island, which has two countries, which each has three mountains. The story continues in this manner until ten objects are reached. The explanation of 10! (symbol for factorial) is in the back of the book and is very helpful in teaching the lesson. Suggested Activities: This book is a great book to use as an introduction of multiplication. The book includes activities and a n explanation of factorial, with examples that are easy to understand. Title: Arithme-Tickle Author: J. Patrick Lewis Grade Levels: Grades K-5 Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Measurement; Problem-solving, Communication, Reasoning & Proof Summary: This book is a collection of problem solving stories and poems that are fun and challenging. Various mathematical concepts are explored. Answers are given at the end of each riddle. Suggested Activities: The stories can be used to introduce and practice problem-solving strategies. Students can create their own riddles with solutions. Afterwards, students can solve one another’s problems. Different materials can be used to model story problems. Title: Arthur’s Pet Business Author: Marc Brown Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Measurement and Estimation Summary: To prove that he can be responsible enough to have a pet of his own, Arthur starts his own pet business. Suggested Activities: Groups can discuss a price for an hour of pet care, estimate how many hours Arthur cared for the pets, and calculate how much money Arthur would have earned. Title: Can You Count to a Googol? Author: Robert E. Wells Grade Levels: Grades 4-5 Math Concepts: Computation, Grouping Numbers, Place Value Summary: This is an amazing book about big numbers. Would you consider one hundred a big number? What about one thousand? Is one million big? These numbers might seem large, until you get a look at a GOOGOL. Suggested Activities: This book would be best used at the middle or end of a lesson. The math vocabulary would need to be addressed before reading the book. If not, the children will not understand the story. Students will learn to read and write large numbers. Title: Carl’s Sleepy Afternoon Author: Alexander Day Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Predicting, Counting, Sequencing Summary: While his ―little girl‖, Madeline, and her mother go shopping for clothes, Carl, the rottweiler, is left at home to take a nap. Instead, Carl has his own interesting afternoon visiting many different places, arriving back home just in time to greet Madeline and her mother. This book is part of a series of Carl books known for their beautiful, detailed illustrations with a minimum of words. Suggested Activities: Use the book illustrations to make a color copy of the eleven places Carl visited. Also make a picture of Carl with some type of pouch attached to him that is large enough to hold the pictures of the places he visited. After reading the story, have the students predict how may placed they think Carl visited. Pass out the pictures to the students and, using the book as a guide, collect and count the places he visited as a group (predicting and counting). Then, pass out groups of 3-4 pictures to individuals or groups of students and ask them to sequence the pictures in the order that Carl visited them. Title: Chicka,. Chicka. 1 2 3 Author: Bill Martin, Jr., Michael Sampson, Lois Ehlert Grade Levels: Grade K Math Concepts: Number Identification, Number Ordering Summary: This book is an obvious math book, but you can color copy and laminate the numbers in front of the book and have the lower level students work on matching them to the numbers inside the cover. Suggested Activities: You can distribute the laminated numbers, (or have students make and decorate their own sets) and have the students hold up their number as you read the story and come to the number. You can tape one large number to the back of each child, so the child does not know what number he/she is wearing. Have the students walk around and try to put themselves in order by discussing ―You are one more than 10‖, or ―am I more than 2?‖ Title: Chicken Soup With Rice Author: Maurice Sendak Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Algebra and Functions Summary: The months of the year are said in rhyme with the words, ―chicken soup with rice‖ repeated as the last words on each page. Suggested Activities Post ―January‖, the first month of the book, on chart paper. List five kinds of chicken soup on the board-chicken soup with rice, with stars, with noodles, chicken broth, and cream of chicken soup. Using a histogram, have the children graph their favorite kind of soup. Title: Christopher Columbus Author: Stephen Krensky Grade Levels: Grades 1-3 Math Concepts: Measurement-time, days of week, months Summary: This book is about Christopher Columbus’ sail to the New World. Suggested Activities Compare the start and end dates of Columbus’ trip to calculate elapsed time. Make other comparisons involving time such as students’ birth date to current time or from the beginning of the school year to the end of the year. The book stated that Columbus’ voyage lasted 32 weeks. Have the students decide how many days, hours, and minutes elapsed. Map Columbus’ voyage and calculate the trip in miles. Title: Chrysanthemum Author: Henkes, Kevin Grade Levels: Grades K-6 Math Concepts: Graphing, Addition, Subtraction Summary: Chrysanthemum has always loved her name until she started school. At school, children tease her because her name is so long and because she is named after a flower. They stop teasing her when Mrs. Twinkle tells them that she has a long name and that she was named after a flower as well. Suggested Activities: Students can graph the number of letters in their name and create questions based on the graphs. The can figure the mean, median, and mode. Students can make an addition and subtraction fact using the number of letters in their first and last names. They can compile the facts as a class list. Students can make addition and subtraction facts using the number of vowels and consonants in their first and last names. Title: Click. Clack. Moo Cows That Type Author: Doreen Cronin Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication Summary: This story gives a voice to the animals that live on Farmer Brown’s farm. Click, Clack Moo creates problems for Farmer Brown. Suggested Activities: This book can be used as an introduction to problem solving. After reading the story, let the students write their own word problems that relate to Farmer Brown. Have the students exchange papers and solve classmates’ word problems. Title: Clocks and More Clocks Author: Pat Hutchins Grade Levels: Grades K-3 Math Concepts: Time Summary: A man keeps buying clocks because he thinks the ones in his house are broken as none of them seem to show the same time. This is happening because he cannot be in more than one room at the same time. Suggested Activities: This book could be used as an introduction to the study of elapsed time. Have the students determine how much time it takes the man to get from one clock to the next. The students can also discuss the importance of accuracy when telling time. Have students write their own time word problems and have classmates solve them. Title: Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs Author: Judi Barrett Grade Levels: Grades 1-2 Math Concepts: Probability Summary: This story involves a grandfather telling a story to his grandchildren about the town of Chew and Swallow. In this town, the daily weather is always some type of food falling from the sky, which creates a series of unique problems for the community. Suggested Activities: The Chew and Swallow it was impossible to predict the weather, but sometimes you can use what you know to make predictions of what will probably happen. Give each of the children a coin. Have them predict how many heads or tails will show if they flip the coin ten times. Then do the flipping and tally the data. Discuss the results. Give each child a spinner that is divided in half and has each half colored differently. Have the students predict how many spins of each color they are likely to get on ten spins, tally the results, and discuss them. Do the same with the spinner divided into thirds, colored with three different colors. Discuss and compare the results with the previous activities. Title: Clumsy Crab Author: Ruth Galloway Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Ordinal Numbers/Sequencing by Size Summary: While Nipper Crab is playing with his friends on the ocean floor his claws keep getting in the way, causing him frustration and embarrassment. But when Octopus gets caught in some seaweed, Nipper uses his claws to rescue his friend. Suggested Activities This book is illustrated with many simple, colorful undersea creatures that are easy to copy or draw. Draw or copy ten of the characters, making them obviously vary in size, smallest to largest. Give each student a copy (precut and on colored paper or allowing them to cut and color them themselves) of the animals and a copy of the ordinal number words first through tenth. Have the students arrange and glue the animals in order, largest to smallest or the reverse, write the correct numeral, 1-10, under them, and glue the correct ordinal number word under each picture. Title: Counting on Frank Author: Rod Clement Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Estimation, Number Sense, Measurement Summary: This story is about a little boy, Frank, who estimates and measures different things relating to his family and the house that he lives in. Suggested Activities Fill a measuring cup with dry macaroni noodles. Have the students guess how many noodles it takes to fill the cup. Write down everyone’s guess and count the noodles to see who was the closest to the actual answer. Have students compose their own word problems related to measurement and estimation. Title: Dear Tooth Fairy Author: Karen Gray Ruelle Grade Levels: Grades 1-2 Math Concepts: Measurement and Estimation Summary: As Emily’s first tooth is about to come out, she writes a letter to the tooth fairy every day telling her what her favorite things are (necklace, bracelet, and others) and what she might like to receive. Suggested Activities List each month of the year on a graph. As a student’s tooth comes out, let him or her put a tooth cut-out on the chart during the month that it fell out. This can serve as an introduction to making a pictograph. Title: Emily’s First 100 Days of School Author: Rosemary Wells Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Calendar Skills, Counting, Multiplication, Division and Graphing Summary: This is the story of a little rabbit’s first hundred days of school. It is clear to students that numbers are all around us as they read this story. There are many mathematical connections to this book. One could be used for each hundred days to create a problem of the day. Suggested Activities The activities in this book can be used to reinforce calendar skills, counting, multiplication and division, and graphing. An easy activity would be to use the day’s number and what is done on that day to make the problem of the day or incorporate the same information into your morning message. Title: Frog & Toad Are Friends Author: Arnold Lobel Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Problem Solving, Recognizing Patterns, Sort, Classify, and Order Objects by Size, Number, and other Properties Summary: This book has five chapters to it. In one of the chapters, called ―A Lost Button‖, Toad losses his button and his friend, Frog, helps him find it. Suggested Activities Distribute a bag of buttons to the students. Reread the chapter, ―A Lost Button‖. Have the students remove the buttons that could not belong to Toad. At the end, there should be only one button remaining. Have the students secretly choose a button from the collection. They should write down clues about the button so that another classmate could guess what button was selected. Title: Grimericks Author: Susan Pearson Grade Levels: Grades 1-5 Math Concepts: Graphing Summary: This is an anthology of limericks about ghouls, ghosts, and goblins and would be perfect for reading around Halloween (district permitting). It would be a good selection to tie in language arts (writing your own limerick) with math at grades 3 to5. It would be a good holiday tie-in for students in lower grades. Suggested Activities Depending on the grade level, choose the same limerick to be used by the entire class, or have students select their favorite. Provide each student with a copy of the limerick. Depending on the grade level, again, you might have students: circle all the b’s, d’s, p’s, and q’s found in the limerick and graph them (or any letters of your choosing); circle all of the vowels in a different color and graph them. As a variation, you could have each student graph one letter or word on a class graph instead of the individual graphs. Title: Hannah’s Collections Author: Marthe Jocelyn Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Numbers, Number Systems, and Number Relationships Summary: In this story, Hannah collects lots of things. She has so many collections that when she is asked to bring only one to share with her class, she cannot decide which one to bring to school. This creates a lot of stress in Hannah’s life. Suggested Activities: The teacher can ask the students to bring in a collection of anything they have at home. The collection must fit in a paper bag. The students trade bags with a partner and investigate the new collection. Students must identify the total number of pieces in the collection, sort the collection, and identify the number of pieces in each sub-category. Title: Henry Hikes to Fitchburg Author: D. B. Johnson Grade Levels: Grades 1-3 or 3-5 Math Concepts: Measurement and Estimation, Computing and Comparing Measurement; Problem Solving and Communication Summary: In this story, Henry and his friends want to see who can get to Fitchburg first. Henry walks 30 miles while his friend earns money to take the train. The students will enjoy the outcome of the adventure. Suggested Activities The students can solve the problem given to them in the book. As an extension for the upper grades, you can place students in pairs and give each pair a map from which they can record the distances to given points. They can also calculate how long it will take to get from a given point to another if driving at a constant speed of 60 mph or other speeds. The students can also calculate gas mileage as well as the cost of getting from one place to another. Title: Hooray for Diffendoorfer Day Author: Dr. Suess with Jack Prelutsky & Lane Smith Grade Levels: Grades 3-6 Math Concepts: Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication, Problem Solving Strategies Summary: This book emphasizes that there is more than one way to come up with a correct answer. Dr. Seuss emphasizes how a non-traditional school with eccentric teachers can achieve high scores on formalized tests. The school has taught the students what matters most, how to think! Suggested Activities Any guess and check problem can be used with this book. The students should think and solve the problem independently and then get into pairs and share solutions. Once the pairs have had the opportunity to discuss strategies they can present them to the entire class. Title: How Big Is a Foot? Author: Rolf Myller Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Measurement Summary: The King in this story wants to give the Queen something special for her birthday. The Queen has everything she needs, except for a bed. The trouble is that no one in the kingdom knows the answer to a very important question, - how big is a bed? During the time period in which the story takes place, beds have not yet been invented. Nor had standard units of measure been invented. The King learns how to take measurements using his 12-inch foot. Suggested Activities This amusing story could be used as part of the introduction to standard units of measurement. Title: How Many Bugs in a Box? Author: David A. Carter Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Numbers & Operations, Problem- Solving, Communication Summary: This book tells of different kinds of bugs hiding in a closed closet. Students predict and count how many bugs are in each different colored and sized shaped box. The book also introduces students to math vocabulary and describing words. Suggested Activities: Students can create addition and subtraction equations using different combinations of boxes. Students can count the number of total bugs in the book, as well as the different parts (legs, wings, and antenna) of the bug in each box and in the entire book. You can extend the story by creating new boxes and drawing the specified number of bugs. Title: How Much is A Million? Author: David M. Schwartz Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Number Sense Summary: This story is about different numbers and how long or how much time it would take to make each of the amounts. Suggested Activities: Have the students make a book similar to How Much is a Million using the number 100. Have the students brainstorm different ideas and create a page for the book with an illustration. Title: Hubert Horatio Bartle Bobton-Trent Author: Lauren Child Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Computation & Estimation;, Reasonableness of Answers Summary: In this story Hubert Horatio came from a very wealthy family. The book depicts that value of a budget and understanding what you are spending and what you are earning. Suggested Activities: Allow the students to compose a list of what they think their families buy weekly (food, gas, etc.) and have them estimate what they spend on these purchases. Give the students an amount of money to work with as a weekly income, and have them prepare a budget for the family for a week. Title: If You Hopped Like a Frog Author: David Schwartz Grade Levels: Grades K-6 Math Concepts: Estimation, Measurement, Ratio Summary: This book gives interesting facts about various animals that students are sure to enjoy and find amazing. For example, a frog can jump 20 times its body length and an ant can lift 50 times its body weight. Suggested Activities: Have students estimate how far they think they could hop if they were a frog. Decide who the class thinks would be able to hop the farthest. Have the students measure each others’ heights with a measuring tape. Using the information given in the story, help them figure out how many inches/feet they could hop if they were a frog. In the hallway, have them measure that distance by counting out tiles or using yarn that they have cut to size. Each student can determine the ratio of their height to their jump and then compare the results to the rest of the class. Title: If You Made a Million Author: David Schwartz Grade Levels: Grades K-6 Math Concepts: Money, Percentage, Measurement Summary: This book explores the relationships of money: equivalent values, earning money, saving and spending money, and calculating interest. Suggested Activities: Give students a nickel and have them find an equivalent value for it using other coins. Continue to explore the number of ways to make equivalent values for $.10, $.25, $.50, and $1.00. Record the number of ways found for each. Students can also purchase items from the ―class store‖ that cost $.05, $.10, $.25, $.50, and $1.00 by using an equivalent value for each item. Title: Inch by Inch Author: Leo Lionni Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts:Measurement Summary: This story is about an inchworm about to be eaten by a robin. The inchworm uses his ability to measure things that prove that he is too useful to be eaten. The inchworm measures until he is away from danger. Suggested Activities: This story can be used to introduce non-standard measurements. Students love to measure the things around them and this is a great way to move into standard measurement by using the inch on a ruler. Students can measure and compare the things around the classroom. An activity to use would be to have the students trace and measure their feet to find out who has the biggest and smallest feet. The students could use the same feet for measuring with non-standard units, compare answers and engage in a discussion of the need for standard units of measure. Title: Jelly Beans for Sale Author: Bruce McMillan Grade Levels: Grades K-3 Math Concepts: Money Summary: This is a photograph book in which children are buying jelly beans for one cent. Each coin is introduced. The book begins with buying one jelly bean for one cent and then each transaction gets progressively more involved. It is an excellent book to use as an introduction to money. Suggested Activities: Have the younger students observe each coin comparing color, size, and symbols on the front and back. Have them order coins from the least to greatest value and from the greatest to least value. Students can act out the transactions in the books using coins. You can change the cost of the jelly beans and work students through buying various numbers of jelly beans. Title: Jumanji Author: Chris Van Allsburg Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Probability & Calculations Summary: Jumanji is a story about two bored children who walk into an adventure of a lifetime. Judy and Peter find a board game that comes to life. Suggested Activities: Have the students toss a pair of dice 30 times and tally the sum each time in the chart below. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 First, they can compute the experimental probabilities of getting the following sums: P (7)____, P(3) ____, P(12), ____, P(Less than 5)______, P(greater than 6)______. The students can then discuss why some sums are more likely to occur than others. Title: Keep Your Distance Author: Gail Herman Grade Levels: Grades 2-5 Math Concepts: Measurement, Number Sense Summary: This story is about a girl who has two baby sisters. She shares her room with her older sister and she starts to measure the room in order to divide it in half. The girl then measures different articles in her house and yard. Suggested Activities: Have the students measure the difference between different objects in the classroom in feet. After that, have them convert the numbers from feet to inches. You can also discuss the process fro dividing measurements in half. Title: Let’s Fly a Kite Author: Stuart J. Murphy Grade Levels: Grades 1-3 Math Concepts: Geometry/Spatial Sense; Measurement; Problem-Solving; Communication; Reasoning & Proof Summary: One windy Saturday, both Bob and Hannah wanted to fly a kite. They needed to make a kite but when it was time to decorate it they had to decide which part of the kite each would decorate. As they continued through the day, they realized that there are many things in the world that need to be shared in equal parts. If something had to be split, it makes the split much easier if the object is symmetrical- with two equal matching parts. Suggested Activities: Have the students look for and make a list of the objects in the story that were symmetric. (Have the students write the letters of their name in capital letters). Then ask them to determine which letters in the name are symmetric. Try this with both first and last names, with capital and then lower case letters. Discuss the differences. Use all of the letters of the alphabet and make a list of those that have one line of symmetry, two lines of symmetry, more than two lines of symmetry or zero lines of symmetry. Title: Look at Annette Author: Marion Walter Grade Levels: Grades K-4 Math Concepts: Geometry, Congruence, Symmetry, Patterns Summary: This book uses a mirror to change the pictures in the story. The students are asked to move the mirror to change Annette and other objects. Suggested Activities: Students can create new pictures by making a random drawing on one half of a paper and using a mirror to show the reflection, or symmetry of the object. They can paint one side of the construction paper, fold the paper and see the result of symmetry. The students can also identify the lines of symmetry. They can use the mirrors to recreate patterns. Title: Math Fables Author: Greg Tang Grade Levels: Grades K-3 Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Problem-Solving, Communication, Reasoning & Proof Summary: This book is a collection of short stories that count from one to ten. Within each story, the focus number or sum is given. The story then continues with the characters solving the problem and the different number combinations are clearly shown. Suggested Activities: This book can be used as an introduction to equation building. After the students master facts to ten, extend the skill by creating other stories with sums to twenty. The students can also sort and count groups of animals in the story and the number of wings and legs each has. Title: Math Potatoes Author: Greg Tang Grade Levels: Grades 3-6 Math Concepts: Number Concepts, Making ―Smart Sums‖, Symmetry, Patterns, Grouping (leading to multiplication) Summary: This picture book uses all kinds of visual tricks to demonstrate how to make arithmetic faster and easier. On each double-page spread, a rhyming verse has fun with a variety of subjects. Most rhymes are about foods, including pickles, potatoes, and ―flat jacks‖, and the bright, computer-generated pictures are as playful as the words. This book goes far beyond the usual simple counting book. The games are complex, the visuals are tricky, and although the rhyme seems straightforward, readers must think carefully about adding, subtracting, and multiplying. The spacious, illustrated answer pages at the back of the book explain the puzzles, which will be fun for classroom use as well as for children trying to find shortcuts in the counting jungle. Suggested Activities You can introduce the concept of grouping numbers, demonstrating that multiplication is repeated addition, compatible numbers, and properties. You can use the book to introduce or review fact families with addition and multiplication. Students can be challenged to create their own poems with numbers and pictures using the concepts presented in the book. Title: Math-terpieces Author: Greg Tang Grade Levels: Grades 1-5 Math Concepts: Addition, Multiplication, Problem Solving Summary: This book challenges children to take a playful approach to learning math, using elements from famous paintings by artists such as Matisse, Mondrain, and Warhol. For instance, one spread has a reproduction of Dali’s painting, ―The Persistence of Memory‖ and the verse, ―Is it a dream or is it real? It is hard to know when art’s surreal. Dali’s clocks onbce so precise—now they’re melting, just like ice. Find seven ways to make an 8. Group the clocks; it’s getting late!‖ Paprocki’s more colorful versions of melting clocks are grouped on the facing page and the groups can be combined in seven different ways that add up to eight clocks. Children drawn to the game like element will undoubtedly become more familiar with the paintings, though the main point is combining the sets of objects. Suggested Activities: Students can write down equations that are demonstrated as they discover how many ways to make certain numbers. The book stops at nine. Challenge the students to use ten or more. You ca introduce the concepts of grouping numbers with this book as well. Title: Millions to Measure Author: David Schwartz Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Measurement, Estimation Summary: This book discusses how much of ―something’s‖ to measure. It gives students an idea of how things were measured in previous times. The book deals with weight, height, and length. Suggested Activities: Students can use objects to estimate how may ―?’s‖ will equal the weight of a text book, the length of a pencil and the like. They can measure their own weight or height as well. Students can try to follow along with some of the ideas in the book on a smaller scale. Title: Mr. Putter and Tabby Bake the Cake Author: Cynthia Rylant Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Measurement, Estimation Summary: In this book Mr. Putter is trying to decide what to give his neighbor for Christmas. Suggested Activities: The children can follow a recipe and measure the ingredients to mix and bake a cake. Title: Mrs. Brice’s Mice Author: Syd Hoff Grade Levels: Grades 1-2 Math Concepts: Grouping, Introduction to Multiplication and Division Summary: In this book, Mrs. Brice lives with 24 mice. They love doing everything with her, from playing the piano, to sleeping, to doing errands. When she goes out, they divide into two equal lines. Suggested Activities: Give the students mouse manipulatives and have them ―do errands‖ with Mrs. Brice by seeing how many different combinations of lines they can make with the 24 mice. (Students can suggest two lines of 12 each, three lines of four each, etc.) You can also break the larger group into smaller sets. Title: My Place in Space Author: Robin and Sally Hirst Grade Levels: Grade K plus Math Concepts: Measurement, Time, Data Gathering, Analyzing, Geometry, Spatial Sense, Computation Summary: Henry and Rosie tell the city bus driver that they want him to take them home. He teases them and tells them that maybe they don’t know their address. Henry rises to the occasion and tells the driver precisely where they he lives: 12 Main Street, Gumbridge, Australia, Southern Hemisphere, Earth, Solar System, solar neighborhood, Orion Arm, Milky Way Galaxy, local group of galaxies. During Henry’s description, the reader gets a brief description of each part of the address. The result is a clear picture of our ―place in space‖ as well as a glimpse at the amazing distances involved. Suggested Activities: This story can be used at the end of a lesson. The students could figure out the distances as the story is reread to them. Title: No Jumping on the Bed! Author: Tedd Arnold Grade Levels: Grade K Math Concepts: Addition Summary: In this book a young boy is getting ready for bed and he decides to jump on his bed. His father tells him to stop, but once the lights are off and the door is closed, he does it anyway. He jumps s o high and lands so hard that he falls through the floor with his bed, onto his neighbor’s plate of spaghetti! The two of them continue to fall through the floors in his apartment building until everyone lands in the basement (and he wakes up to find that he is dreaming.) Suggested Activities: Students can add on by one to figure out how many people fell with the young boy. Title: Once Upon a Dime Author: Nancy Kelly Allen Grade Levels: Grades 1-4 Math Concepts: Money ( introduce difference coins, making change, comparing amounts) Summary: In this book, Farmer Worth discovers that a special tree on his farm produces different kinds of money, depending on what animal fertilizer he uses. Suggested Activities: Students can add how much money the farmer’s plants produce. They can also use and compare how many of each coin is needed to make one dollar. Title: One Duck, Another Duck Author: Charlotte Pomerantz Grade Levels: Grades Pre K-1 Math Concepts: Counting Summary: This is a story of a grandmother owl and her grandson going to a pond and counting ducks and swans. It is a very simple book about just adding one more. It is easy for young children to read, too. Suggested Activities: This book can be used to introduce or reinforce the idea of adding one to any number. The same could be done with subtracting one from a number. You can demonstrate that adding one to a number gives you the very next counting number, and subtracting one for a number gives you the number before it. Even and odd numbers can also be introduces with this book. As a visual extension, the students can make a graph of how many siblings each student has in his/her family. They can also answer a variety of questions about the graphs. Title: One Hundred Hungry Ants Author: Elinor J. Pinczes Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Division Summary: This story is about an army of hungry ants that divide and conquer a picnic. Suggested Activities: This book can be used as an introduction to the concept of division. Title: Pancake, Pancake Author: Eric Carle Grade Levels: Grades K-5 Math Concepts: Measurement, Number Sense, Fractions Summary: This story is about a mother who makes pancakes for her son. He has to go out and find all of the ingredients needed to complete the recipe. Suggested Activities: Students can take a favorite recipe and then alter the ingredients by doubling the recipe or cutting the ingredients in half.. Older students can be given a fraction by the teacher and then alter the ingredients accordingly. Students enjoy talking about servings and what happens when a recipe isn’t followed correctly. This story provided that opportunity. Title: Pigs at Odds Author: Amy Axelrod Grade Levels: Grades 1-3 Math Concepts: Data Analysis, Statistics, Probabilit,; Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Problem-Solving, Communication, Reasoning & Proof Summary: In this story Mr. and Mrs. Pig and their piglets are going to the county fair. At first they cannot decide whether to go on the rides or play games, so they flip a coin. They go on all the rides first and then decide to try their luck at the games. No matter how hard Mr. Pig tires to win, the odds are always against them. Will he ever win a prize? Read and find out! Suggested Activities: This story can be used to introduce probability and statistics concepts. The students can further investigate various probabilities by using dice, spinners, and playing cards. They can record their results and discuss which outcomes were easier to predict and explain why. The class can review the game of chance that Mr. Pig tried. Students can make a chart to show the least and most economical game. They can write about their results. As an extension activity, students can design a game of chance and then discuss what makes a game of chance fair or unfair. Title: Pigs Will Be Pigs Author: Amy Axelrod Grade Levels: Grades 1-5 Math Concepts: Money, Addition, Subtraction, Decimals Summary: In this story the families of pigs are hungry but cannot buy food because they know that they need money. They search for money around the house Suggested Activities: Students can practice making change, adding and subtracting decimals and money by working with the menus in the book to create a meal. They can decide how much money they will need, and how much they’ll get back. Students can also create their own word problems that involve money. This story could be used as a beginning lesson or a concluding lesson to the study of money. Title: Pizza Counting Author: Christina Dobson Grade Levels: Grades 1-4 Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra;, Data Analysis, Statistics, Probability, Geometry/Spatial sense, Problem-Solving; Communication; Reasoning & proof Summary: This book gives interesting facts about the history of pizza as well as showing various ideas for topping this tasty food. Patterns, equations, and other math concepts are cleverly explored through pizza. Suggested Activities: Students can create their own ―pizza equations‖ with different toppings for the class pizza. They can figure out the total number of slices a set number of pizzas will have. This is a fun way to introduce fractions and equivalent fractions. Students can design pizzas with different types of patterns for toppings. Title: Rechenka’s Eggs Author: Patricia Polacco Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Statistics and Data Analysis Summary: In this story Babushka painted beautiful eggs for a fair every year. An injured goose appeared at her house and she nursed it back to health. One day the goose knocked over all the eggs that Babushka had painted for the fair. Suggested Activities: Give each child a boiled egg that has been separated into quadrants with pencil lines. With white crayons have the children draw a different shape in each quadrant. The eggs can then be dyed so that shapes seem to magically appear. Title: Second Grade Rules Author: Paula Danziger Grade Levels: Grades K-3 Math Concepts: Graphing, Addition, Subtraction, Word Problems Summary: Amber thinks that second grade rules. She was the pocket queen on pocket day because she wore two pairs of overalls. She has a problem when the teacher tells the children that they need to keep their desks clean. Deskarina, the desk fairy, will leave treats for the students with neat desks. Amber works hard to keep her desk clean and finally receives a treat. Suggested Activities: Students can graph the number of pockets they are wearing and write questions about the graph. They can discuss the mean, median, and mode of the graph. Students can organize their desks and use addition to find the total number of folders, copybooks, pencil cases, and books that they have in their desks. Each student can record this information on a class chart to find the total number of each item in the class. Additionally, students can use the chart to create and solve word problems. Title: Shape Up! Fun With Triangles and Other Polygons Author: David A. Adler Grade Levels: Grades 1-5 Math Concepts: Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Measurement; Geometry, Problem- Solving, Communication Summary: This book is a great introduction to polygons. It gives excellent examples of each type of polygon. The book is loaded with rich math vocabulary for this concept. A glossary is in the back part of the book, too. Suggested Activities: Give the students various two-dimensional shapes and have students sort them according to their attributes. Go on a scavenger hunt around the school and record the different types of polygons seen and the number of each. Graph the results. Use pretzel rods to create polygons. Create a chart and record the number of rods used to make each shape. See what happens if you add a shorter or longer rod. Give out various sizes of paper and record the number of cuts it takes to make each polygon. Title: Stand Tall, Molly Lou Melon Author: Patty Lovell Grade Levels: Grades K-5 Math Concepts: Estimation, Money, Measurement Summary: The story deals with a little girl who always loved her inadequacies (buck teeth, squeaky voice, short), but moves to a new place where she is teased because of them until she shows how wonderfully she can do because of them. Suggested Activities: Students can pose questions based on happenings in the story that are related to math. For instance, students can estimate the number of pennies the girl stacked in her teeth, how tall she is, and other interesting facts. Students can work in groups to try to answer or test the questions. They can crate their own word problems as well. They could also measure the stacks of pennies. Title: Stay in Line Author: Teddy Slater/Marilyn Burns Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Data Analysis, Problem-Solving, Communication, Reasoning & Proof Summary: In this story a teacher is taking her class of twelve students on a field trip to the zoo. The teacher reminds the students to ―stay inline‖. However, the students are grouped in many different ways to ride the bus, see the llamas, and other zoo animals during the class trip. Suggested Activities: Use 12 counters or 12 pennies to represent the students. Arrange the groups according to the story. See if the students can find other ways to arrange the 12 students into equal groups. Record the different combinations tat you can group the students in. See if the students can find all the ways that will equal 12. Explain/explore things that come in a dozen. Make a list of things that are in the students’ houses in dozen, more than a dozen, or less than a dozen. Title: Stella Luna Author: Janell Cannon Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Comparing Numbers Summary: Stella Luna is a baby bat that separated from her mother at a very young age and is adopted by a family of birds. Though she is loved and cared for, she has some difficulty fitting in and acting like a bird. She is ultimately reunited with her mother and her true identity. Suggested Activities: Use the characters- birds and a bat- to create a visual to practice the concept of and the correct symbols for greater than, less than, and equal to. Make two large bird heads facing in opposite directions using the signs for greater than and less than for their wide open beaks (the open bird beak will ―eat the big number‖ when you use the correct symbol). Make a large bat with a long wingspan and write the equal sign across the body and wingspan. Attach magnets to the back and work with students writing two numbers on the board, and then placing the correct symbol between them. Emphasize reading the numbers and the symbols aloud correctly. Title: Swimmy Author: Leo Lionni Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Grade K: Bigger/Smaller, Basic Addition and Subtraction Gr. 1-2: Part to Whole, Estimation, Fractions Summary: Swimmy the fish decides that just swimming around isn’t fun. He wants the other fish to go explore with him, but they all are afraid of the big sharks. Swimmy comes up with the idea of having the fish swim together in the shape of a large fish, in order to scare away the sharks. Suggested Activities: Younger students can look through the book and decide which fish is the smallest, the largest, and so on. They can also do basic addition and subtraction using gummy fish as manipulatives. The older students can use the large fish that Swimmy and his friends make and work with breaking it into smaller groups, counting the fish and dividing them up, or even comparing parts to whole as they begin to study fractions. Title: Thanksgiving at the Tappletons’ Author: Eileen Spinelli Grade Levels: Grades K-3 Math Concepts: Number & Operations, Patterns, Functions & Algebra, Problem-Solving, Communication, Connections, Reasoning & Proof Summary: Thanksgiving at the Tappleton’s is always a special day. Everyone works hard preparing the celebration. But this year nothing seems to go right. First, the turkey slides out the door and down the icy path and into the pond. Next, the bakery is out of pies. Things are not going well at the Tappleton’s. All seems lost until grandma reminds everyone that there is much more to Thanksgiving than the turkey and the trimmings. Suggested Activities: Have students recall their experiences with holiday dinners. Record a list of sample food items used. Students may select three items to eat for dinner. See how many different combinations of food the students can make. Assign prices to the food items mentioned above. Give the students a set budget and see how many meals they can create while staying within their budgets. Title: The Adventures of Penrose: The Mathematical Cat Author: Theoni Pappas Grade Levels: Grade 5 Math Concepts: Geometry, Fractions, Multiplication Summary: This book includes enchanting stories that help math idea come alive. A cat named Penrose shows off his talent for math by taking children on a tour of mathematical concepts. Suggested Activities: The variety of short stories found in this piece of literature could be beneficial when beginning a geometry lesson, a lesson about fractions, or multiplication. Title: The April Rabbits Author: David Cleveland Grade Levels: Grades 1-2 Math Concepts: Calendar Skills Summary: This is a funny story about a boy who has rabbits following him around. Each day of the month a new rabbit appears. The rabbits are very funny. They start coming on the first of the month and on the last day they go away and are not seen again. Suggested Activities: This book is a great resource when introducing and reviewing calendar skills. This story would also be a good resource for making your problem of the day or using the day’s number in your morning message. For example, on the 15th of April you could ask students how many groups of 5 they can make with 15 cubes. Use the yes/no clothes pin board to quickly determine if children know even and odd numbers. Ask questions to see if they notice a pattern. These questions can be differentiated to meet the needs of your learners. Title: The Art Lesson Author: Angela Johnson Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Fractions Summary: A beginning first grader who aspires to be a real artist is disappointed by the art opportunities in the classroom. When the school’s art teacher comes in to give her first lesson, the student discovers that he can participate in the regular lesson and be creative as well. Suggested Activities: Give each student the same even number of counters, two different colored half sheets of construction paper, one of their choices and one that is the same for all, and a white board to write on. If you give the students 12 counters, on the same colored paper everyone puts 6 counters in a group together. On the other colored papers the students arrange the other 6 counters in groups any way they want them. They then write their groups as an addition sentence. For example, a group of 4 and a group of 2 is written 4 + 2. Each student will make as many combinations as they can, all different ways to make 6. Title: The Boats on the River Author: Marjorie Flack Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts:Graphing Summary: This story is about the transport of goods and people in a port city. The travel is by car and boat and the story deals with the many kinds of boats and their jobs. The story is about spiritual awareness. Many directional words like across, through, along, and underneath are used. Students who are visual learners can see these words in action. Suggested Activities: One activity would be to let the children choose a mode of transportation that they like the best. Graph the results. Have students name the graph and come up with one question that can be answered by using the graph and one that cannot be answered using the graph. Title: The Cat in the Hat Author: Dr. Seuss Grade Levels: Grade 1 Math Concepts: Numbers, Number Systems, Number Relationships Summary: While their mother was out for the day, two children are visited by the Cat in the Hat and adventures abound. Suggested Activities: After asking the children to look closely at the hat, discuss the pattern. Have the children each choose two different colors of beads and then string in a pattern similar to that of the hat. Title: The Counting Race Author: Margaret McNamara Grade Levels: Grade 1 Math Concepts: Problem Solving, Counting by 2’s, 5’s, 10’s Summary: The first grade class in this story is presented with the challenge of finding a way to count to 10 in one second. The students think about it as a group, and then they decide to count by twos. Suggested Activities: Have a discussion with the students about how the children in the story were presented with a math problem and had to find a way to solve it. This might encourage the students to tackle problems on their own. You can introduce skip counting by having all the students line up in front of the class. The first student quietly says 1, then the next student loudly says 2, and the third quietly says 3, and so on, until all students have said a number. Then, have the students go back and only say the numbers that were said loudly. Title: The Doorbell Rang Author: Pat Hutchins Grade Levels: Grades K-6 Math Concepts: Addition, Multiplication, Division Summary: In this story the mother of a family makes 12 cookies for 2 children to share. Throughout the story, more and more friends come to the door and it is up to the children to decide, each time, how to share the cookies among the group. Suggested Activities: Give the students 12 cookies or use cubes. Reread the story and have the students separate their cookies into equal groups each time the new people arrive. (They can have 2 , 4, and 6 groups.) As an extension, have the students decide what other groups could be used to separate the cookies equally. Have them repeat the activity with 15, 16, 18, and 21 cookies and compare results. Title: The Grouchy Ladybug Author: Eric Carle Grade Levels: Grades K-4 Math Concepts: Measurement, Patterns and Relationships, Time Summary: This story is about a ladybug who tries to start fights with creatures that are larger than she is. The day goes on as she goes from creature to creature. Suggested Activities: Make word problems using the time from the clocks in the book , focus on elapsed time, and have students measure themselves using ladybugs as a unit of measure. Title: The Important Book Author: Margaret Wise Brown Grade Levels: Grades K-5 Math Concepts: Patterns and Relationships Summary: This story describes everyday objects in a very repetitive manner. Suggested Activities: Have the students look at the different objects described and the pattern the author used to describe them. Have the students look at the different pictures and relate them to geometric shapes. Title: The Keeping Quilt Author: Patricia Polacco Grade Levels: Grades K-3 Math Concepts: Geometry Summary: This book tells the story of a quilt that is handed down from generation to generation. The quilt helps keep the traditions and the memories of the family alive. Suggested Activities: Divide the students into groups of four or five. Give each group a quilt and have each group identify all of the geometric shapes on their quilts. Ask the students to use as much math as they can in order to describe the quilts. Then allow the students to design and make their own quilts. They must first decide upon the shapes and patterns they want to use. Title: The King’s Chessboard Author: David Birch Grade Levels: Grades 2-6 Math Concepts: Multiplication, Patterns, Exponents Summary: This story is a parable about a powerful king and a wise man whose simple request for a grin of rice doubled for each square of the king’s chessboard proves to be an impossible challenge for the royal granary. An amusing scenario unfolds as the amount of rice multiplies daily, causing great curiosity among the villagers and embarrassment to the proud king, who learns a valuable lesson. Suggested Activities: This story can be used to introduce the concept of ―doubling‖ with multiplication. An additional activity could be to have the students select a number to start a series. They can compute the next number in the series up to 5. Ask them to estimate the next number in the series. Challenge further problem solving by asking how many there will be if it is the 25th day. Title: The Kissing Hand Author: Audrey Penn Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Counting by 5’s and 10’s, Multiplying by 5’s and 10’s Summary: In this book a young raccoon has anxiety about leaving his mother and familiar surroundings to attend school for the first time. His mother helps him deal with his anxiety by giving him a kiss on his hand that he can carry with him throughout the day. Suggested Activities: Have the students make their own ―kissing hands‖ by tracing and cutting out their own hands using oak tag. Use one hand at a time (five fingers0 for activities involving counting or multiplying by 5’s and two hands (10 fingers) clipped or taped together for activities counting or multiplying by 10’s. When activities are completed, label individual hands with counting by 5’s numbers (5, 10, 15, 20…100) and pairs of hands with counting by 10’s numbers (10, 20, 30…100) and use a classroom reference on the wall. Groups of hands can be glued together on paper to illustrate multiplication facts. Title: The Little Red Hen Makes a Pizza Author: Philemon Sturges Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts:Fractions Summary: In this story Little Red Hen asks all of her friends to help her make a pizza, but they are all too busy and tell her,‖no‖. Suggested Activities: Using frozen pizza as manipulatives, introduce the concept of a whole and fractions. Afterwards, students can eat the manipulatives. Title: The Napping House Author: Audrey Wood Grade Levels: Grades K plus Math Concepts: Diminishing Size, Estimation Summary: It’s a rainy afternoon and Granny is snoring on the bed in a cozy room. A child crawls on top of her and dreams. Gradually, the pile increases with a dozing dog, snoozing cat, slumbering mouse, and finally a wakeful flea who, by biting the mouse sets off a chain of events which results in a broken pile and even a broken bed. Between the words and the illustrations, this book will be enjoyed by all. Suggested Activities: This book could be used in the introduction of a lesson dealing with demonstrating diminishing size and estimation. Title: The Quilt Story Author: Tomie DePaola Grade Levels: Grades K-4 Math Concepts: Patterns, Geometry Summary: This story is about a girl who has a quilt that is put away fro many years. It is found later by a distant relative. The story tries to draw a connection between the two girls through the quilt. Suggested Activities: Have the students make a quilt by using different shapes. The students could work with tangrams to reinforce symmetry, congruency, and shape relationships. Title: The Red Apples Author: Pat Hutchins Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication Summary: A farmer has an apple tree with ten apples on it and the animals start eating them one-by- one. Suggested Activities: Have each child bring in three apples. As they lay on the floor, they can measure each other using apples as a measuring tool. Title: The Shape of Things Author: Dayle Ann Dodds Grade Levels: Grade K Math Concepts: Shapes Summary: The author shows each shape while telling a rhyming story. She also shows how the shape can be used to make a picture. At the end of the story, there is a seek-and-find that the students can complete to see if they can find all of the shapes that they learned. Suggested Activities: This book can be used to introduce students to shapes. The rhyme will make it more fun and easier for the students to learn the shapes. Students can then try to make their own pictures using shapes. Also, you can make a concentration game with the shapes where the students try to turn over two cards with the same shape on them. Title: The Trail of Tears Author: Joseph Burchac Grade Levels: Grades 2-4 Math Concepts: Measurement, Place Value, Elapsed Time, Graphing, Mean, Median, Mode Summary: This is a story about the Cherokee nation as they leave their homeland to travel wet against their own wishes. Suggested Activities: You can use this book to connect math to a real life historical event. Have the students make a timeline of the events in the story. Calculate how much time elapsed between the major events. Find all of the numbers in the book (1838, 17,000, etc.) and make a place value chart. Find the mean, median, mode, and range of this information. Show data using box and whiskers, bar graph, histogram, and the like. Follow the route of the Trail if Tears on a map. Write down the miles traveled. Calculate the length of the entire trip. Title: The True Story of the Three Little Pigs Author: Jon Screszka Grade Levels: Grades 1-4 Math Concepts: Money Summary: This is the story of the Three Little Pigs told from the wolf’s perspective. The wolf is portrayed as the victim of a ―misunderstanding‖ of the events in the traditional version of the story. Suggested Activities: Introduce and practice the concept that the same amount for money can be shown using different combinations of coins-relating to the idea in the story that the wolf and pigs saw the same things differently. Provide a cut out wolf, a pig, and a bag of mixed coins for each child and one for the teacher to use as a model. Place a coin or combination of coins on the pig and have the students make the same amount using different coins on the wolf. Depending on the amounts of money used, this could be used in multiple grade levels. Title: The Wretched Stone Author: Chris Van Allsburg Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Subtraction Summary: Sailors on a long voyage take a huge, glowing rock found on an island onboard their ship. As the voyage continues, they spend more and more time staring at the rock and less and less time attending to their work and other tasks. Gradually all but one of them turns into a monkey. During a storm, the rock is washed overboard. Without the rock to mesmerize them and with continuous re-exposure to music and reading, all the sailors recover their true form again. Suggested Activities: Give each student a simple cut out of a sail boat, ten sailor faces, and ten monkey faces. (This can be very simple round shapes.) Everyone starts with ten sailors on their ships. Begin asking questions such as the following: Two sailors turn into monkeys (students trade 2 sailor faces for 2 monkey faces). How many sailors are there now? Write a subtraction sentence to match your picture. Four more sailors turn into monkeys. How many sailors are left? Write a subtraction sentence to match your picture. How many more monkeys are there than sailors? Students use the sailor and monkey faces to illustrate each new scenario. Title: This Old New House Author: Sheila McGraw Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Measuring, Design and Map Skills Summary: Measurement and Scale Drawings This is a story about an old house that was being renovated. The house is planned and designed in the story and blueprints are shared, showing various dimensional views of the house. The story takes the readers behind the four walls and into the heating and water systems. Suggested Activities Title: Too Many Bunnies Author: Tomie dePaola Grade Levels: Grades K-1 Math Concepts: Ordering of Numbers, Counting by 1’s, 2’s, 3’s and 4’s, Planning and Solving Problems Summary: In this story, a rabbit family tries to work together to plant radishes. Each is given a job but they run into trouble because there is no plan as to the order in which these jobs should occur. They learn from their mistakes and come up with a better plan in which tasks are done in order. Suggested Activities: An activity for this book could be to order the steps of problem solving. Have a set problem with the steps to solve it on sentence strips. Students would have to put the steps in order. Make sentence strips self-correcting with the answers on the back of them. Title: Tuesday Author: David Wiesner Grade Levels: Grades K plus Math Concepts: Time Summary: This book begins ―Tuesday evening, around eight‖- where frogs start flying solemnly at first and then with increasing glee as they fly through the town. As dawn approaches, the pads and the frogs fly lower and lower until the pads fall off and the frogs leap into their pond. The last page gives the time ―Next Tuesday, seven fifty-eight P.M.‖ and the readers see flying pigs. Suggested Activities: This book could be read to students prior to an introductory lesson about time. The students could try locating the clues that help tell what time of day it is. Title: Twenty is Too Many Author: Kate Duke Grade Levels: Grades K-2 Math Concepts: Subtraction Summary: Twenty guinea pigs are in a boat that begins to sink. Ten leave all at once in their own unique way. The others leave one at a time. Suggested Activities: Teachers can read the book a second time while students use manipulatives to demonstrate the subtraction facts in the book. Give students a paper boat with the numbers 1 through 20 folded inside. Students take the numbers out one at a time and subtract it from 20. They should write the problems and the answers. Students can work with partners and come up with their own subtraction facts from 20 and act them out using manipulatives. Title: Two Ways to Count to Ten Author: Ruby Dee Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Patterns, Number Rlationships Summary: This story is about different animals who want to be king of the jungle. The story prompts students to think about number patterns and skip counting. Suggested Activities: Write on the board the two ways suggested in the book to count to ten. Challenge the students by increasing the number and asking them ways to count to that number. You can also discuss even, odd, and prime numbers. Title: What Comes in 2’s, 3’s and 4’s? Author: Susan Aker Grade Levels: Grades K-6 Math Concepts: Skip Counting, Multiplication, Patterns Summary: This book explores the various ways that 2’s, 3’s, and 4’s are found in everyday life. Suggested Activities: Create a chart of things that are founding same size groupings fro 2 to 10. Use the chart to find solutions to problems such as: How many fingers are in the class or a group? How many wheels are on 5 tricycles? Have the students compose and solve their own problems. Give each of the students a hundreds chart and have them color in multiples of 2, 3, and 4 in different colors. Have them look for patterns and numbers that have more than one color. Have the students work in pairs. Give them work mats that have circles that can be used for sorting sets. Walk them through some problems using counters. For example, have the students make 4 groups of 5. Students would use 4 circles and put 5 counters in each. Students can continue to explore and write down their own problems and answers. Through exploration with counters have the students determine what values would be able to be grouped bt 2’s, 3’s, and 4’s. Have them look for similarities. Title: What’s Your Angle, Pythagoras? Author: Julie Ellis Grade Levels: Grades 3-5 Math Concepts: Pythagorean Theory; Angles, Triangles, Area Summary: This book depicts a fictionalized look at Pythagoras as he discovers his famous theorem. He is depicted as a curious boy who travels with his father from Samos to Alexandria, where he meets a builder named Neferheperhersekeper, who introduces him to the right angle. He begins his experiment, observing and noting the fixed and unvarying mathematical nature of triangles- right angles, to be precise. (Please note that the book is not historically accurate.) Suggested Activities: Give the students a piece of string (as illustrated in the book) and have them replicate the right triangle and prove the theory. Use tiles to demonstrate the area of a triangle and compare that to the area you get using the area formula. Create drawings on graph paper using right triangles of differing sizes. Measure their areas using blocks and compare the areas to those obtained using the formula. Use the theory as a measuring tool. (This is demonstrated in the book.) easuring tool. (This is demonstrated in the book.)